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1.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 56: e20210537, 2022. graf
Article in English, Portuguese | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1793424

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze stimuli and behaviors related to interdependence and their implications for compliance with the therapeutic regimen of older adults with hypertension during the COVID-19 pandemic. Method: a multiple case, qualitative study, carried out with fifteen older adults treated at a Family Health Strategy unit. A characterization instrument and semi-structured interview were used for data collection. Data were processed in NVivo12, submitted to thematic content analysis, based on Roy's interdependence mode. Results: the reports seized showed that the family has meaning as a therapeutic support network, as well as health services, neighbors, friends and religious institutions. Two categories emerged: Stimuli and adaptive behaviors related to interdependence in the pandemic: implications for compliance; Ineffective stimuli and behaviors related to interdependence in the pandemic: implications for compliance. Conclusion: adaptive and ineffective behaviors related to interdependence during the adjustment to the new condition of social distancing demonstrate the need for greater professional attention to achieve compliance with treatment.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar estímulos y comportamientos relacionados con la interdependencia y sus implicaciones para la adherencia al régimen terapéutico de ancianos con hipertensión arterial sistémica durante la pandemia de COVID-19. Método: estudio cualitativo de casos múltiples, realizado con quince ancianos atendidos en una unidad de Estrategia de Salud de la Familia. Para la recolección de datos se utilizó un instrumento de caracterización y una entrevista semiestructurada. Los datos fueron procesados en el software NVivo12, sometidos al análisis de contenido temático, con base en el modo de interdependencia de Roy. Resultados: los relatos aprehendidos mostraron que la familia tiene sentido como red de apoyo terapéutico, así como los servicios de salud, vecinos, amigos e instituciones religiosas. Surgieron las siguientes categorías: Estímulos y comportamientos adaptativos relacionados con la interdependencia en la pandemia: implicaciones para la adherencia; Estímulos y comportamientos ineficaces relacionados con la interdependencia en la pandemia: implicaciones para la adherencia. Conclusión: las conductas adaptativas e ineficaces relacionadas con la interdependencia durante el ajuste a la nueva condición de distanciamiento social demuestran la necesidad de una mayor atención profesional para lograr la adherencia al tratamiento.


RESUMO Objetivo: analisar estímulos e comportamentos relacionados à interdependência e suas implicações para a adesão ao regime terapêutico de idosos com hipertensão arterial sistêmica durante a pandemia de COVID-19. Método: estudo de casos múltiplos, qualitativo, realizado com quinze idosos atendidos em uma unidade de Estratégia Saúde da Família. Utilizaram-se para coleta de dados instrumento de caracterização e entrevista semiestruturada. Os dados foram tratados em software NVivo12, submetidos à análise de conteúdo temático, a partir do modo de interdependência de Roy. Resultados: os relatos apreendidos demostraram que a família tem significado enquanto rede de apoio terapêutico, assim como serviços de saúde, vizinhos, amigos e instituições religiosas. Emergiram as categorias: Estímulos e comportamentos adaptativos relacionados à interdependência na pandemia: implicações para adesão; Estímulos e comportamentos ineficazes relacionados à interdependência na pandemia: implicações para adesão. Conclusão: comportamentos adaptativos e ineficazes relacionados à interdependência durante o ajustamento à nova condição do distanciamento social demonstram a necessidade de maior atenção profissional para o alcance da adesão ao tratamento


Subject(s)
Aged , Coronavirus Infections , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Nursing Theory , Adaptation , Hypertension
2.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 56: e20210537, 2022. graf
Article in English, Portuguese | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1760029

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze stimuli and behaviors related to interdependence and their implications for compliance with the therapeutic regimen of older adults with hypertension during the COVID-19 pandemic. Method: a multiple case, qualitative study, carried out with fifteen older adults treated at a Family Health Strategy unit. A characterization instrument and semi-structured interview were used for data collection. Data were processed in NVivo12, submitted to thematic content analysis, based on Roy's interdependence mode. Results: the reports seized showed that the family has meaning as a therapeutic support network, as well as health services, neighbors, friends and religious institutions. Two categories emerged: Stimuli and adaptive behaviors related to interdependence in the pandemic: implications for compliance; Ineffective stimuli and behaviors related to interdependence in the pandemic: implications for compliance. Conclusion: adaptive and ineffective behaviors related to interdependence during the adjustment to the new condition of social distancing demonstrate the need for greater professional attention to achieve compliance with treatment.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar estímulos y comportamientos relacionados con la interdependencia y sus implicaciones para la adherencia al régimen terapéutico de ancianos con hipertensión arterial sistémica durante la pandemia de COVID-19. Método: estudio cualitativo de casos múltiples, realizado con quince ancianos atendidos en una unidad de Estrategia de Salud de la Familia. Para la recolección de datos se utilizó un instrumento de caracterización y una entrevista semiestructurada. Los datos fueron procesados en el software NVivo12, sometidos al análisis de contenido temático, con base en el modo de interdependencia de Roy. Resultados: los relatos aprehendidos mostraron que la familia tiene sentido como red de apoyo terapéutico, así como los servicios de salud, vecinos, amigos e instituciones religiosas. Surgieron las siguientes categorías: Estímulos y comportamientos adaptativos relacionados con la interdependencia en la pandemia: implicaciones para la adherencia; Estímulos y comportamientos ineficaces relacionados con la interdependencia en la pandemia: implicaciones para la adherencia. Conclusión: las conductas adaptativas e ineficaces relacionadas con la interdependencia durante el ajuste a la nueva condición de distanciamiento social demuestran la necesidad de una mayor atención profesional para lograr la adherencia al tratamiento.


RESUMO Objetivo: analisar estímulos e comportamentos relacionados à interdependência e suas implicações para a adesão ao regime terapêutico de idosos com hipertensão arterial sistêmica durante a pandemia de COVID-19. Método: estudo de casos múltiplos, qualitativo, realizado com quinze idosos atendidos em uma unidade de Estratégia Saúde da Família. Utilizaram-se para coleta de dados instrumento de caracterização e entrevista semiestruturada. Os dados foram tratados em software NVivo12, submetidos à análise de conteúdo temático, a partir do modo de interdependência de Roy. Resultados: os relatos apreendidos demostraram que a família tem significado enquanto rede de apoio terapêutico, assim como serviços de saúde, vizinhos, amigos e instituições religiosas. Emergiram as categorias: Estímulos e comportamentos adaptativos relacionados à interdependência na pandemia: implicações para adesão; Estímulos e comportamentos ineficazes relacionados à interdependência na pandemia: implicações para adesão. Conclusão: comportamentos adaptativos e ineficazes relacionados à interdependência durante o ajustamento à nova condição do distanciamento social demonstram a necessidade de maior atenção profissional para o alcance da adesão ao tratamento


Subject(s)
Aged , Coronavirus Infections , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Nursing Theory , Adaptation , Hypertension
3.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 34: eAPE002655, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1675680

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Identificar os estressores ocupacionais em profissionais de saúde e as intervenções voltadas para a prevenção no contexto da COVID-19, fundamentado no Modelo de Sistemas de Betty Neuman. Método Realizou-se uma revisão da literatura com o método scoping review, conforme Joanna Briggs Institute nas bases de dados The Cochrane Library, Scopus, Web of Science, National Library of Medicine (MEDLINE/PubMed), The Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) e Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS). Incluíram-se os estudos relacionados aos fatores estressores e as intervenções voltadas para a prevenção diante do estresse ocupacional em profissionais de saúde no contexto da COVID-19, publicados em qualquer idioma e disponíveis, na íntegra, gratuitamente. Os dados foram analisados à luz da Teoria de Betty Neuman. Resultados A amostra final foi composta por 27 artigos. Os estressores identificados foram categorizados em intrapessoais: medo de contágio e conhecimento restrito da doença; interpessoais: mudança nos relacionamentos sociais e receio de transmissão aos familiares, vivenciar o adoecimento de colegas e familiares e perda de entes queridos; e extrapessoais: sistema de saúde inadequado e sobrecarga de trabalho. As intervenções focadas na prevenção foram elencadas segundo o nível de atenção à saúde primário, secundário e terciário. Conclusão A maioria dos estudos enfatizaram medidas de prevenção primária. A utilização do referencial teórico permitirá ao enfermeiro e gestores de saúde a tomada de decisão e elaboração de futuras intervenções para o manejo do estresse ocupacional dos profissionais que lidam diariamente com a COVID-19.


Resumen Objetivo Identificar los estresores laborales en profesionales de la salud y las intervenciones dirigidas a la prevención en el contexto de la COVID-19, con fundamentación en el modelo de sistemas de Betty Neuman. Método Se realizó una revisión de la literatura con el método scoping review, de acuerdo con el Joanna Briggs Institute en las bases de datos The Cochrane Library, Scopus, Web of Science, National Library of Medicine (MEDLINE/PubMed), The Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) y Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud (LILACS). Se incluyeron estudios relacionados con los factores estresores y las intervenciones dirigidas a la prevención ante el estrés laboral en profesionales de la salud en el contexto de la COVID-19, publicados en cualquier idioma y con texto completo disponible gratuitamente. Los datos fueron analizados de acuerdo con la teoría de Betty Neuman. Resultados La muestra final estuvo compuesta por 27 artículos. Los estresores identificados fueron categorizados en intrapersonales: miedo al contagio y conocimiento limitado de la enfermedad; interpersonales: cambios en las relaciones sociales y temor de transmisión a familiares, ver a compañeros y familiares enfermarse y pérdida de seres queridos; y extrapersonales: sistema de salud inadecuado y sobrecarga de trabajo. Las intervenciones centradas en la prevención fueron enumeradas según el nivel de atención en salud primaria, secundaria y terciaria. Conclusión La mayoría de los estudios enfatizan medidas de prevención primaria. La utilización del marco referencial teórico permitirá que los enfermeros y administradores de la salud puedan tomar decisiones y elaborar futuras intervenciones para el manejo del estrés laboral de los profesionales que lidian a diario con la COVID-19.


Abstract Objective To identify occupational stressors in healthcare professionals and interventions focused on prevention in the context of COVID-19, based on betty Neuman's systems model. Method A literature review was conducted with the scoping review method, according to Joanna Briggs Institute in the databases The Cochrane Library, Scopus, Web of Science, National Library of Medicine (MEDLINE/PubMed), The Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) and Latin American and Caribbean Literature on Health Sciences (LILACS). Studies related to stressors and interventions aimed at prevention in the face of occupational stress in healthcare professionals in the context of COVID-19, published in any language and available, in full, free of charge were included. Data were analyzed in the light of Betty Neuman's Theory. Results The final sample consisted of 27 articles. The stressors identified were categorized into intrapersonal: fear of contagion and restricted knowledge of the disease; interpersonal: change in social relationships and fear of transmission to family members, experiencing the illness of colleagues and family members and loss of loved ones; inadequate health system and work overload. Interventions focused on prevention were indexed according to the level of primary, secondary and tertiary healthcare. Conclusion Most studies have emphasized primary prevention measures. The use of the theoretical framework will allow nurses and health managers to make decisions and develop future interventions for the management of occupational stress of professionals who deal daily with COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nursing Theory , Health Personnel , Occupational Stress/prevention & control , COVID-19
4.
ANS Adv Nurs Sci ; 45(1): 3-21, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1662136

ABSTRACT

The crucible of the COVIDicene distills critical issues for nursing knowledge as we navigate our dystopian present while unpacking our oppressive past and reimagining a radical future. Using Barbara Carper's patterns of knowing as a jumping-off point, the authors instigate provocations around traditional disciplinary theorizing for how to value, ground, develop, and position knowledge as nurses. The pandemic has presented nurses with opportunities to shift toward creating a more inclusive and just epistemology. Moving forward, we propose an unfettering of the patterns of knowing, centering emancipatory knowing, ultimately resulting in liberating the patterns from siloization, cocreating justice for praxis.


Subject(s)
Knowledge , Nursing Theory , Humans , Social Justice
5.
Nurs Sci Q ; 35(1): 46-53, 2022 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1622176

ABSTRACT

A recent insight into the attributes of beauty is used to show its relations to nursing science and its theories and paradigms. It is indicated how insight into beauty came from energyspirit perceptions-experiences of feelings from art objects. Rogers and her science of unitary human beings are viewed from the attributes of beauty. It is recommended nursing consider beauty as a concept for the advancement of nursing science.


Subject(s)
Beauty , Nursing Theory , Humans
6.
Nurs Sci Q ; 35(1): 89-91, 2022 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1582672

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has ushered in a new era for nurses and healthcare. King's conceptual framework continues to provide a practical theoretical underpinning for nurse-client interactions in virtual care spaces that are now a pervasive part of the interacting systems framework. The author in this article discusses the current applications and future opportunities for applications of King's work in practice, education, and research.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Goals , Humans , Nursing Theory , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
7.
Br J Nurs ; 30(21): 1238-1240, 2021 Nov 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1542993

ABSTRACT

Historically, nurses have volunteered to serve in wars and natural catastrophes. However, instead of a distant disaster, many nurses in the UK volunteered, working above and beyond, to assist their colleagues, local communities and health systems in the NHS during the peaks of the COVID-19 pandemic. Although the motivations and benefits to the community or self of volunteerism have been discussed in the literature, there is a paucity of literature and theoretical understanding from the field of nursing. Using a reflective and personal account of volunteering, this article aims to provide a better understanding of the concept of volunteerism in nursing. By exploring associated nursing theories from Jean Watson and Kristen Swanson, this article aims to illuminate and expand the knowledge base about nursing volunteerism. These nursing theories can frame the act of volunteerism and nursing and illustrate the interrelations of nursing theory and the practice of nursing volunteerism.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Humans , Nursing Theory , Pandemics/prevention & control , SARS-CoV-2 , Volunteers
8.
J Holist Nurs ; 39(4): 325-335, 2021 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1526577

ABSTRACT

Purpose: In response to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) global human caring crisis, this article describes an innovative, theory-guided, holistic practice project at a major academic medical center in Northern California. The purpose of this theory-guided COVID-19 project was to address the self-care needs of caregivers so they could better care for patients/families who are confronting daily pandemic demands. Study design: The organization's professional practices are guided by Watson's theory of human caring and Caritas Processes. This setting has 16 Caritas Coaches® who have acquired expertise in human caring from an accredited program of the Watson Caring Science Institute (www.watsoncaringscience.org). Methods: Caritas Coaches® were mobilized to implement holistic caring-healing modalities such as aromatherapy and mindfulness meditation throughout the organization. Findings: By addressing the self-care needs of caregivers, the organizational culture shifted from fear, fatigue, stress, and burnout, to more intentional conscious, mindful, caring presence, gratitude, and purpose. Conclusion: This study has implications for other institutions regarding theory-guided practice and system responses to self-care needs of staff. This study provides an overview of the project from its origin to implementation and outcomes.


Subject(s)
Burnout, Professional , COVID-19 , Burnout, Professional/prevention & control , Empathy , Humans , Nursing Theory , SARS-CoV-2 , Self Care
9.
Appl Nurs Res ; 63: 151513, 2022 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1458543

ABSTRACT

Understanding the impact of COVID-19 on nursing care delivery in critical care work systems is urgently needed. Theoretical frameworks guide understanding of phenomena in research. In this paper, we critique four theoretical frameworks (Donabedian's Quality Model, the Quality Health Outcomes Model, the Systems Research Organizing Model, and the Systems Engineering (SEIPS) 2.0 Model) using (blinded) (2018) Intermodern philosophical perspective of nursing science. (blinded) (2018) Intermodern approach to theory critique was selected for its pragmatic perspective and focus on personal and professional health and wellbeing. The SEIPS 2.0 Model was ultimately selected to guide the study of the impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on nursing care delivery in the critical care work systems.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Nursing Care , Critical Care , Humans , Nursing Theory , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
10.
Rev Gaucha Enferm ; 42(spe): e20200209, 2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1443889

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To reflect on cross-cultural care for the population based on the theoretical assumptions and concepts of Leininger's Transcultural Theory, related to the recommendations for combating the Covid-19 pandemic. METHOD: Reflective theoretical study based on culturally competent care, related to the Brazilian reality, using the conceptual attributes of care, culture, and worldview. Critically articulated the reasonings about the guidelines for preserving, accommodating, and repatterning actions for the care of people. RESULTS: The nurse must know cross-cultural care in order to consider individual and/or collective treatment and respect the existing differences in beliefs and values. This premise corroborates the adherence to Covid-19 prevention and treatment recommendations. The lack of knowledge about the transmissibility and invisibility of the virus and the risk factors, combined with the cultural diversity of the population, can make it difficult to adhere to health recommendations. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: Cross-cultural care favors the practice of health education and can provide conditions for greater adherence of the population to nursing actions.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Culturally Competent Care , Nursing Care , Transcultural Nursing , Humans , Nursing Theory , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
11.
Rev Gaucha Enferm ; 42(spe): e20200378, 2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1410819

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To understand the role of nurses in field hospitals aimed at patients with Covid-19. METHODS: Qualitative research based on Alfred Schütz's social phenomenology. Twenty nurses working in São Paulo were interviewed between May and June 2020. The testimonies were organized and analyzed based on the theoretical-methodological and thematic framework. RESULTS: The following categories emerged: "Nurses' challenges in field hospital care", "Visibility of nursing in the Covid-19 pandemic scenario" and "Covid-19 post-pandemic professional valorization". FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: The reflection on the results that emerged in this study may contribute to support improvements in training, working conditions and valuing nurses, considering the importance of this professional category in the scope of health services. New investigations may increase knowledge in the area, providing subsidies for professional role in this and other health situations that require nursing intensity and excellence.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/nursing , Mobile Health Units/organization & administration , Nurse's Role/psychology , Nurses/psychology , Nursing/standards , Adult , Brazil , COVID-19/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Interviews as Topic , Male , Middle Aged , Nursing Theory , Pandemics , Professional Practice , Qualitative Research , SARS-CoV-2
12.
J Holist Nurs ; 39(3): 212-213, 2021 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1406696
13.
Rev. baiana enferm ; 35: e37636, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1328350

ABSTRACT

Objetivo refletir sobre as implicações do trabalho em Home Office no período da pandemia de COVID-19 na saúde dos indivíduos, sob a perspectiva da Teoria da Adaptação desenvolvida por Callista Roy. Método estudo reflexivo baseado na aplicação da Teoria da Adaptação desenvolvida por Callista Roy relacionada às modificações do processo de trabalho impostas pela crise sanitária da pandemia de COVID-19, com ênfase no Home Office. Resultados a Teoria da Adaptação de Callista Roy possui quatro modos adaptativos: fisiológico, autoconceito, desempenho de papel e interdependência. É possível verificar a interlocução de todas essas dimensões no trabalho em Home Office imposto pelo contexto da pandemia. Conclusão a Teoria de Callista Roy subsidia as discussões sobre a possibilidade de adaptação neste novo contexto, seja de maneira pontual ou mediante transformações no processo de trabalho em longo prazo, superando limitações do indivíduo e descobrindo maneiras de se fazer e ser no campo do trabalho.


Objetivo reflexionar sobre las implicaciones del trabajo Home Office en el período de la pandemia de COVID-19 sobre la salud de las personas, desde la perspectiva de la Teoría de la Adaptación desarrollada por Callista Roy. Método estudio reflexivo basado en la aplicación de la Teoría de la Adaptación desarrollada por Callista Roy relacionado con cambios en el proceso de trabajo impuestos por la crisis de salud de la pandemia de COVID-19, con énfasis en el Home Office. Resultados La Teoría de la Adaptación de Callista Roy tiene cuatro modos adaptativos: fisiológico, autoconcepto, ejecución del papel e interdependencia. Puede verificarse la interlocución de todas estas dimensiones en el trabajo Home Office impuesto por el contexto de la pandemia. Conclusión la Teoría de Callista Roy apoya discusiones sobre la posibilidad de adaptación en este nuevo contexto, ya sea de manera puntual o a través de transformaciones en el proceso de trabajo a largo plazo, superando las limitaciones del individuo y descubriendo formas de hacer y estar en el campo del trabajo.


Objective to reflect on the implications of Home Office work in the covid-19 pandemic period on individuals' health, from the perspective of the Adaptation Theory developed by Callista Roy. Method reflective study based on the application of the Adaptation Theory developed by Callista Roy related to changes in the work process imposed by the health crisis of the COVID-19 pandemic, with emphasis on the Home Office. Results Callista Roy's Adaptation Theory has four adaptive modes: physiological, self-concept, role performance and interdependence. There is the interlocution of all these dimensions at Home Office work imposed by the pandemic context. Conclusion Callista Roy's Theory supports discussions about the possibility of adaptation in this new context, either in a specific way or through transformations in the long-term work process, overcoming limitations of the individual and discovering ways to do and be in the work field.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nursing Theory , Occupational Health , Pandemics , Nursing , Coronavirus Infections , Qualitative Research
14.
J Nurs Scholarsh ; 53(3): 323-332, 2021 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1241014

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To provide a summary of research on ontology development in the Centre of eIntegrated Care at Dublin City University, Ireland. DESIGN: Design science methods using Open Innovation 2.0. METHODS: This was a co-participatory study focusing on adoption of health informatics standards and translation of nursing knowledge to advance nursing theory through a nursing knowledge graph (NKG). In this article we outline groundwork research conducted through a focused analysis to advance structural interoperability and to inform integrated care in Ireland. We provide illustrated details on a simple example of initial research available through open access. FINDINGS: For this phase of development, the initial completed research is presented and discussed. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude by promoting the use of knowledge graphs for visualization of diverse knowledge translation, which can be used as a primer to gain valuable insights into nursing interventions to inform big data science in the future. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: In line with stated global policy, the uptake and use of health informatics standards in design science within the profession of nursing is a priority. Nursing leaders should initially focus on health informatics standards relating to structural interoperability to inform development of NKGs. This will provide a robust foundation to gain valuable insights into articulating the nursing contribution in relation to the design of digital health and progress the nursing contribution to targeted data sources for the advancement of United Nations Sustainable Development Goal Three.


Subject(s)
Big Data , Computer Graphics , Knowledge , Nursing Informatics , Humans , Nursing Theory
15.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 24(spe): e20200321, 20200000. tab
Article in Portuguese | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1127851

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: refletir sobre as dimensões do ser humano e o cuidado de enfermagem no contexto pandêmico da Covid-19. Método: trata-se de um estudo reflexivo, em que foram discutidas as dimensões corpórea (Homo somaticus), de vida humana (Homo vivens), conhecer (Homo sapiens), vontade (Homo volens), linguagem (Homo loquens), social (Homo socialis), do trabalho (Homo faber), jogo e divertimento (Homo ludens) e o cuidado de enfermagem no contexto pandêmico da Covid-19. Resultados: as dimensões estão sendo influenciadas pelo contexto pandêmico do novo coronavírus, sendo necessárias intervenções de enfermagem humanizadoras como o manejo clínico e terapêutico transpessoal, suporte ao corpo físico em adoecimento, garantia de uma linguagem que possibilite o autocuidado e apoio psicológico, atitude de escuta aberta, incentivo às práticas de jogos para passar o tempo e métodos de relaxamento, meditação e imaginação guiada, entre outras. O ato de refletir sobre as dimensões cria novas possibilidades de sinalizar pontos de intercessão para a compreensão da nova realidade vivenciada pelo homem. Conclusão e implicações para a prática: ao refletir sobre as dimensões do homem à luz da antropologia com o embasamento teórico dos Modelos de cuidados da Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC), geram-se possibilidades de estabelecer um cuidado holístico no contexto da pandemia pelo novo coronavírus


Objective: to reflect on the dimensions of the human being and nursing care in the pandemic context of Covid-19. Method: this is a reflection study, in which the corporeal dimensions (Homo somaticus), human life (Homo vivens), knowing (Homo sapiens), will (Homo volens), language (Homo loquens), social (Homo socialis), work (Homo faber), play and fun (Homo ludens) and nursing care in the pandemic context of Covid-19. Results: the dimensions are being influenced by the pandemic context of the new coronavirus, requiring humanizing nursing interventions, such as transpersonal clinical and therapeutic management, support for the sick physical body, guarantee of a language that enables self-care and psychological support, attitude of open listening, encouraging game practices to spend time and methods of relaxation, meditation and guided imagination, among others. The act of reflecting on the dimensions creates new possibilities for signaling points of intercession for the understanding of the new reality experienced by man. Conclusion and implications for practice: when reflecting on the dimensions of man in the light of anthropology with the theoretical basis of the Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) Care Models, possibilities for holistic care are created in the context of the new coronavirus pandemic


Objetivo: reflexionar sobre las dimensiones del ser humano y la atención de enfermería en el contexto pandémico de Covid-19. Método: este es un estudio reflexivo, en el que las dimensiones corporales (Homo somaticus), la vida humana (Homo vivens), el conocimiento (Homo sapiens), la voluntad (Homo volens), el lenguaje (Homo loquens), social (Homo socialis), trabajo (Homo faber), juego y diversión (Homo ludens) y cuidados de enfermería en el contexto pandémico de Covid-19. Resultados: las dimensiones están siendo influenciadas por el contexto pandémico del nuevo coronavirus, que requiere intervenciones humanizadoras de enfermería, como el manejo clínico y terapéutico transpersonal, el apoyo al cuerpo físico enfermo, la garantía de un lenguaje que permita el autocuidado y el apoyo psicológico, la actitud de escucha abierta, fomentando prácticas de juego para pasar el tiempo y métodos de relajación, meditación e imaginación guiada, entre otros. El acto de reflexionar sobre las dimensiones crea nuevas posibilidades para señalar puntos de intercesión para comprender la nueva realidad experimentada por el hombre. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica: reflexionar sobre las dimensiones del hombre a la luz de la antropología con la base teórica de los Modelos de Atención de la Clasificación de Intervenciones de Enfermería (NIC) genera posibilidades de atención integral en el contexto de la nueva pandemia de coronavirus


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19/nursing , Nursing Care , Philosophy, Nursing , Nursing Theory , Humanization of Assistance
16.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 74Suppl 1(Suppl 1): e20200281, 2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1090511

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: to report the experience of professors and students of a graduate course on nursing care in coping with the new coronavirus (COVID-19) based on Self-Care Theory. METHOD: the active methodologies used were a literature search and seminar presentations, with an understanding of Orem's theoretical concepts: health; man; self-care; universal, developmental and health deviation requirements; self-care activities; self-care deficits; the required therapeutic demand; nursing systems. The pandemic was considered a health deviation that requires critical thinking and nursing care planning. Methodological frameworks to classify nursing diagnoses, interventions, and outcomes were used. RESULTS: for each health deviation, nursing systems were identified; self-care deficits, diagnoses; actions, interventions; and the form of assessment, outcomes. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: theoretical-practical reflections of the academic context support nursing care planning.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/nursing , Education, Nursing, Graduate/organization & administration , Nursing Care/standards , Planning Techniques , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Adult , Brazil , Curriculum , Female , Health Policy , Humans , Male , Nursing Theory , SARS-CoV-2 , Young Adult
17.
Nurs Sci Q ; 34(1): 33-38, 2021 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1067077

ABSTRACT

This is a dialogue between two PhD nurses who have served as chief nursing officers; one is now in academia wondering about current scholarly endeavors in practice. Topics addressed include working relationships at the executive level, the chief nursing officer that is PhD prepared, theory in practice, scrambling to honor nursing's pact with society during the COVID-19 pandemic, and some recommendations for academia.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Leadership , Nurse Administrators/psychology , Education, Nursing , Education, Nursing, Graduate , Humans , Interprofessional Relations , Nurse's Role , Nursing Theory
18.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 24(spe): e20200200, 20200000. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-992885

ABSTRACT

Descrever a experiência do processo de elaboração de uma história em quadrinhos acerca das medidas de prevenção para o combate ao novo coronavírus a partir do legado de Florence Nightingale e da Teoria Ambientalista. Método: Trata-se de um relato de experiência de uma ação extensionista universitária acerca do processo de elaboração de uma história em quadrinhos que traz os conceitos da teoria ambientalista de Florence Nightingale no combate ao novo coronavírus. Resultados: A partir da técnica do brainstorming, surgiu a ideia da história em quadrinhos e foram criados três personagens: Florence Nightingale, Super Sabão e Luiza. Foram seguidas as etapas: criação do roteiro e dos personagens e transferência do desenho manual para programas de digitalização. O material elaborado passou por três revisões: a dos alunos de enfermagem; do docente responsável pela elaboração do material e; do grupo de docentes cuja finalidade foi avaliar os materiais produzidos nas atividades de extensão acerca do tema COVID-19. Conclusão e implicações para prática: A experiência na construção de material didático tipo história em quadrinhos foi um desafio para os estudantes e docentes. Destaca-se a oportunidade da descoberta de novos recursos pedagógicos e produção de material tecnológico em tempos de distanciamento social


To describe the experience of the process of elaboration of a comic about prevention measures to combat the new coronavirus from the legacy of Florence Nightingale and the Environmental Theory. Method: It is an experience report of a university extension action about the process of elaboration of a graphic novel that brings the concepts of Florence Nightingale's environmental theory in the fight against the new coronavirus. Results: From the brainstorming technique, the comic idea came up and three characters were created: Florence Nightingale, Super Sabão (Super Soap, in free translation), and Luiza. These stages were followed: creation of the script and characters and transfer of the manual drawing to digitization programs. The material produced underwent three revisions: that of nursing students; of the teacher responsible for preparing the material and; of the group of teachers whose purpose was to evaluate the materials produced in extension activities on the theme COVID-19. Conclusion and implications for practice: The experience in the construction of didactic material such as a graphic novel was a challenge for students and teachers. Stands out the opportunity to discover new pedagogical resources and the production of technological material in times of social distancing


Describir la experiencia del proceso de preparación de una historieta (cómics) sobre las medidas preventivas para el combate al nuevo coronavirus a partir del legado de Florence Nightingale y de la Teoría Ambientalista. Método: Relato de experiencia de una acción de extensión universitaria acerca del proceso de elaboración de un cómic que trae los conceptos de la Teoría Ambientalista de Florence Nightingale en la lucha contra el nuevo coronavirus. Resultados: A partir de la técnica de brainstorming (lluvia de ideas), surgió la idea del cómic y se crearon tres personajes: Florence Nightingale, Súper Jabón y Luiza. Se siguieron los pasos: creación del guion y de los personajes y transferencia del dibujo manual a programas de digitalización. El material producido se sometió a tres revisiones: por alumnos de enfermería; docente responsable de preparar el material y; del grupo de docentes cuyo propósito era evaluar los materiales producidos en actividades de extensión sobre el tema COVID-19. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica: La experiencia en la construcción de material didáctico como los cómics fue un desafío para estudiantes y profesores. Se destaca la oportunidad de descubierta de nuevos recursos pedagógicos y la producción de material tecnológico en tiempos de aislamiento social


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Nursing Theory , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Pandemics/prevention & control , Betacoronavirus , Graphic Novels as Topic , Hygiene , Health Education
19.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 73(suppl 2): e20200538, 2020.
Article in English, Portuguese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-965198

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: to reflect on the interface between the Coronavirus pandemic and nursing theories. METHOD: theoretical-reflective assay, anchored in the theoretical constructs of Dorothea Orem, Florence Nightingale and Callista Roy. RESULTS: in the interface with Orem, the professional, based on the nursing systems, offers health education for the virus prevention, the conduct of home isolation and in high complexity assistance when there is worsening of COVID19; with Nightingale, it is revealed the importance of environmental sanitation, ventilation, personal and domestic cleaning and the surrounding areas; with Roy, focal stimuli are perceived such as the symptoms of COVID19, contextual stimuli related to comorbidities, and residual stimuli, concerning to work stress due to high viral transmission and lack of protective equipment. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: nurses can use the theoretical framework of nursing theories as tools to guide their care in this pandemic situation.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Nursing Theory , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/nursing , Humans , Personal Protective Equipment/supply & distribution
20.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 73(suppl 2): e20200259, 2020.
Article in English, Portuguese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-895098

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To promote a theoretical reflective analysis of what nursing has to learn and teach to global society in times of OVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: Reflective theoretical essay aimed at contributing new knowledge and raising new questions, based on the assumptions of Edgar Morin's complexity thinking, subsidized by readings of texts extracted from electronic databases, as well as speeches by health professionals available in open communication tools. RESULTS: COVID-19 reiterates that the biological warfare of the current pandemic is not fought with nuclear or fire weapons, but with care in its multiple dimensions: physical, emotional, spiritual, family, social, political and economic. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: Nursing has to learn and teach global society that its main object of work, care, is related to the expansion of systemic interactions and associations and the capacity to strengthen the interlocution with complex reality.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/nursing , Nurse's Role , Philosophy, Nursing , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/nursing , Brazil/epidemiology , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/psychology , Fear , Humans , Nurse's Role/psychology , Nursing Theory , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/psychology , Qualitative Research , SARS-CoV-2
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