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1.
Ophthalmology ; 129(1): 15-25, 2022 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1412002

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To identify disparities in the use of telemedicine during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of completed clinical encounters in an academic ophthalmology center from March 2020 through August 2020. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 5023 patients comprising 8116 ophthalmic clinical encounters. METHODS: Medical charts were abstracted for demographic information. We identified zip code-level socioeconomic characteristics, which were drawn from the 2019 American Community Survey 5-year estimates. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The completion of a synchronous video encounter, the completion of a telephone (audio-only) encounter in the absence of any video encounters, or the completion of in-person encounters only. RESULTS: During the study period, 8116 total clinical encounters were completed for 5023 unique patients. Of these patients, 446 (8.9%) participated in a video encounter, 642 (12.8%) completed a telephone encounter, and 3935 (78.3%) attended clinical appointments in person only. In adjusted analysis, patients who were Black (odds ratio [OR], 0.65; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.52-0.80; P < 0.001) or Hispanic/Latino (OR, 0.65; 95% CI, 0.49-0.85; P = 0.002) were significantly less likely to complete a video or telephone appointment. Older patients (OR, 0.99; 95% CI, 0.98-0.99; P < 0.001), patients whose primary language was not English (OR, 0.49; 95% CI, 0.28-0.82; P = 0.01), Black patients (OR, 0.45; 95% CI, 0.32-0.62; P < 0.001), and Hispanic/Latino patients (OR, 0.56; 95% CI, 0.37-0.83; P = 0.005) were significantly less likely to complete a video encounter. Finally, among patients completing any type of telemedicine encounter, older age, (OR, 1.02; 95% CI, 1.01-1.03; P < 0.001), Medicare insurance (OR, 1.55; 95% CI, 1.11-2.17; P = 0.01), and Black race (OR, 1.97; 95% CI, 1.33-2.94; P < 0.001) were associated with using only phone visits. CONCLUSIONS: Ethnic/racial minorities, older patients, and non-English-speaking individuals were significantly less likely to complete a video telehealth encounter. With the expansion of telemedicine and the need to reduce the disparate impact of COVID-19 on minorities, it will be increasingly important to identify barriers to telehealth use and opportunities to improve access.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Delivery of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Healthcare Disparities/statistics & numerical data , Ophthalmology/statistics & numerical data , SARS-CoV-2 , Socioeconomic Factors , Telemedicine/statistics & numerical data , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Appointments and Schedules , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Health Services Accessibility/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Male , Medicare/statistics & numerical data , Middle Aged , Minority Groups/statistics & numerical data , Retrospective Studies , Telephone , United States/epidemiology , Young Adult
2.
Ann Med ; 53(1): 1349-1357, 2021 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1358395

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact the COVID-19-related national lockdown has had on Ophthalmologic Outpatient Care in an Italian Tertiary Medical Centre. METHODS: We reviewed all the performances that were carried out as outpatient services at our department between 1 January 2020 and 30 November 2020. We compared data among four different periods: from 1 January 2020 to 17 March 2020 ("Pre-Lockdown"); from 18 March 2020 to 17 May 2020 (Lockdown); from 18 May 2020 to 2 November 2020 (Post-Lockdown) and from 3 November 2020 to 30 November 2020 (Regional Lockdown). RESULTS: The overall number of performed routine outpatient visits per day (ROVs) was 11,871 (Mean ± SD = 35.76 ± 17.81), whereas booked appointments (BAs) were 21272 (Mean ± SD = 63.86 ± 9.27), meaning a decline in the number of ROVs by 44.01%. (Mean ± SD = 28.10 ± 12.11, p<.001). Post-Lockdown and Regional Lockdown clinical activities, dropped respectively by 31 and 25.14% (38.87 ± 3.88 vs. 56.34 ± 11.06, p<.001 and 6.04 ± 4.51 vs. 56.34 ± 11.06 p<.001). The number of BAs per day decreased during the pandemic, going from a mean of 77.81 ± 2.57 booked appointments per day before the lockdown, to a mean of 53.14 ± 4.94, 61.80 ± 4.62 and 72.07 ± 1.09 appointments per day respectively during the lockdown, the post-lockdown and the regional lockdown periods. CONCLUSIONS: During the various lockdown periods, at our institution the volume of outpatient ophthalmological visits drastically dropped. This testifies the dramatic impact the COVID-19 pandemic has had on the supply of ophthalmic care.


Subject(s)
Ambulatory Care/statistics & numerical data , COVID-19 , Ophthalmology/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Italy , Retrospective Studies , Tertiary Care Centers
4.
Am J Ophthalmol ; 227: 254-264, 2021 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1252396

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to characterize clinician-scientists in ophthalmology and identify factors associated with successful research funding, income, and career satisfaction. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: A survey was conducted of clinician-scientists in ophthalmology at US academic institutions between April 17, 2019, and May 19, 2019. Collected information including 1) demographic data; 2) amount, type, and source of startup funding; first extramural grant; and first R01-equivalent independent grant; 3) starting and current salaries; and 4) Likert-scale measurements of career satisfaction were analyzed using multivariate regression. RESULTS: Ninety-eight clinician-scientists in ophthalmology were surveyed across different ages (mean: 48 ± 11 years), research categories, institutional types, geographic regions, and academic ranks. Median startup funding ranged from $50-99k, and median starting salaries ranged from $150-199k. A majority of investigators (67%) received their first extramural award from the National Eye Institute, mainly through K-award mechanisms (82%). The median time to receiving their first independent grant was 8 years, mainly through an R01 award (70%). Greater institutional startup support (P = .027) and earlier extramural grant success (P = .022) were associated with earlier independent funding. Male investigators (P = .001) and MD degreed participants (P = .008) were associated with higher current salaries but not starting salaries. Overall career satisfaction increased with career duration (P = .011) but not with earlier independent funding (P = .746) or higher income (P = .300). CONCLUSIONS: Success in research funding by clinician-scientists in ophthalmology may be linked to institutional support and earlier acquisition of extramural grants but does not impact academic salaries. Nevertheless, career satisfaction among clinician-scientists improves with time, which is not necessarily influenced by research or financial success.


Subject(s)
Biomedical Research/statistics & numerical data , Clinical Medicine/statistics & numerical data , Income/statistics & numerical data , Job Satisfaction , Laboratory Personnel/statistics & numerical data , Ophthalmology/statistics & numerical data , Research Support as Topic/statistics & numerical data , Adult , Aged , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Health Surveys , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , United States
6.
Med Sci Monit ; 27: e931967, 2021 May 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1227181

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the epidemiological features of the patients admitted to our emergency department (ED) during the COVID-19 pandemic in March, April, and May 2020, compare them with the patients in March, April, and May 2019, and to investigate the effect of various quarantine models. MATERIAL AND METHODS The records of 1206 eligible patients were reviewed. Age groups were divided according to their quarantine status. We recorded the reasons for patient presentation to the ED, the average number of patients in age groups according to quarantine days, and the problems reported by patients who presented to the ED according to quarantine days. RESULTS We enrolled 3016 of 3123 patients. The mean age was 36.4±17.3 years in 2019 and 37.8±16.4 years during the pandemic period (P=0.031). While 73.1% of the ED presentations were due to ocular trauma in 2019, it decreased to 70.7% in 2020. The proportion of those who presented to the ED during the weekend was 30.6% in 2019, but decreased to 23.9% in 2020 (<0.001). While 84.8% of trauma patients were ages 19-64 years in 2019, this rate increased to 88.9% during the pandemic (P=0.067). Non-trauma emergencies were more common than trauma emergencies in both periods in those over the age of 65 years. During the pandemic period, admissions to the ED were decreased in the quarantined age groups (P=0.001). CONCLUSIONS The changes in the number and characteristic of admissions for ophthalmic emergencies during the pandemic period may help planning allocation of healthcare personnel and resources in outpatient and emergency clinics.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Emergency Service, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Ophthalmology/statistics & numerical data , Pandemics/statistics & numerical data , Quarantine/statistics & numerical data , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
8.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 68(11): 2391-2395, 2020 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1116804

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of 2019 COVID-19 pandemic, national lockdown, and unlocking on ophthalmic care provided by the government-funded apex health institute of India. METHODS: Retrospective review of electronic medical records of all patients presenting to the ophthalmology department from March 23, 2020, to July 15, 2020, was compared with that from March 23, 2019, to July 15, 2019. The data between March 23, 2020, to May 31, 2020 (lockdown) and June 06, 2020, to July 15, 2020 (unlock) was compared separately. Parameters evaluated were age, gender, presenting complaints, final diagnosis, treatment advised, and surgical interventions. RESULTS: During the lockdown, routine outpatient flow reduced by 97.14% (P < 0.001), the median age of presentation decreased to 29 years (55 years last year) and males increased by 4.7% (from 61.51% to 66.21%) in 2020. Emergency services decreased by 35.25%, percentage of children decreased by 4.28% (from 34.28% to 30%) and males increased by 13.53% (from 59.97% to 73.5%). Mechanical trauma, microbial keratitis, and conjunctivitis were the most common reasons for presentation. The former lessened by 41.75% while the latter two amplified by 1.25 times and 2 times, respectively. While sanitizer-associated chemical injury increased in proportion, endophthalmitis, and postoperative complications declined. The number of donor corneas collected and emergency therapeutic keratoplasties performed decreased by 99.61% and 92.39%, respectively (P < 0.001). During the unlocking phase, routine patient consultations were 71 ± 19/day, significantly lower than 978 ± 109/day of last year (P < 0.001). No voluntary eye donation was reported during this period. CONCLUSION: COVID-19 pandemic and national lockdown severely hampered the delivery of ophthalmic care by the apex-ophthalmic institute. Unlike anticipated, lifting of pandemic-associated lockdown served only minimally in improving patient inflow in its initial phases.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Delivery of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Eye Diseases/epidemiology , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Quarantine/statistics & numerical data , Tertiary Care Centers/statistics & numerical data , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19 , Child , Child, Preschool , Eye Banks/statistics & numerical data , Eye Diseases/therapy , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Middle Aged , Ophthalmology/statistics & numerical data , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Tissue Donors/statistics & numerical data
9.
R I Med J (2013) ; 104(1): 61-64, 2021 Feb 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1055476

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and associated lockdowns on public interest in ophthalmology. METHODS: Search interest data for ophthalmic services and conditions were collected from January 1, 2019 to June 21, 2020. Temporal statistical analysis was used to identify significant trends. Weekly data on ophthalmic services and conditions search interest obtained from Google Trends were analyzed with analysis of variance testing and the generalized linear model based on dates. RESULTS: Ophthalmic services searches decreased after the first COVID-19 case in the country (p<0.001); ophthalmic services and conditions search interest also declined after the first COVID-19 case and lockdown orders in each state (p<0.001). Following the first in-state COVID-19 case, search interest in ophthalmic services fell more than for ophthalmic conditions (p=0.0088). Lockdown and COVID-19 had similar effects on ophthalmic services search interest (p=0.2246), but interest in ophthalmic conditions decreased more after lockdown than after the first in-state case (p<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Most of the decrease in search interest in ophthalmic services was associated with COVID-19 rather than lockdown orders, suggesting that public interest in ophthalmic care may be more sensitive to changes in the COVID-19 pandemic than lockdown orders.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Eye Diseases/epidemiology , Information Seeking Behavior , Ophthalmology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19/psychology , Eye Diseases/therapy , Humans , Online Systems , Ophthalmology/statistics & numerical data , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/psychology , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Quarantine
12.
Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol (Engl Ed) ; 95(12): 586-590, 2020 Dec.
Article in English, Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-915625

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: To report a pilot experience of telemedicine in ophthalmology in open-care modality (i.e. direct video call), in a confinement period due to the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: Descriptive study of the demographic and clinical characteristics of patients attended in a 10-week confinement period. Reported satisfaction of the participating patients and doctors was evaluated through an online survey. RESULTS: In the 10-week period, 291 ophthalmologic telemedicine consultations were performed. The main reasons for consultation were inflammatory conditions of the ocular surface and eyelids (79.4%), followed by administrative requirements (6.5%), non-inflammatory conditions of the ocular surface (5.2%), strabismus suspicion (3.4%) and vitreo-retinal symptoms (3.1%). According to previously defined criteria, 22 patients (7.5%) were referred to immediate face-to-face consultation. The level of satisfaction was high, both in doctors (100%) and in patients (93.4%). CONCLUSIONS: Open-care modality of telemedicine in ophthalmology during the pandemic period is a useful instrument to filter potential face-to-face consultations, either elective or emergency, and potentially reduce the risk of COVID-19 infection.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Ophthalmology/statistics & numerical data , Pandemics , Quarantine , SARS-CoV-2 , Telemedicine/statistics & numerical data , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Child, Preschool , Eye Diseases/diagnosis , Eye Diseases/drug therapy , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Middle Aged , Ophthalmology/standards , Ophthalmology/trends , Patient Satisfaction , Pilot Projects , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Referral and Consultation/statistics & numerical data , Surveys and Questionnaires , Telemedicine/standards , Telemedicine/trends , Time Factors , Young Adult
15.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0239796, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-810234

ABSTRACT

Since the end of 2019, an outbreak of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), originating in the Chinese city of Wuhan has spread rapidly worldwide causing thousands of deaths. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is supported by SARS-CoV-2 and represents the causative agent of a potentially fatal disease that is of great global public health concern. Italy has been the first European country recording an elevated number of infected forcing the Italian Government to call for total lockdown. The lockdown had the aim to limit the spread of infection through social distancing. The purpose of this study is to analyze how the pandemic has affected the patient's accesses to the Ophthalmological Emergency Department of a tertiary referral center in central-northern Italy, during the lockdown period. The charts of all patients that came to the Emergency Department during the lockdown period (March 10 -May 4, 2020) have been retrospectively collected and compared with those in the same period of 2019 and the period from 15 January- 9 March 2020. A significant reduction of visits during the lockdown has been observed, compared with those of pre-lockdown period (reduction of 65.4%) and with those of the same period of 2019 (reduction of 74.3%). Particularly, during the lockdown, minor and not urgency visits decreased whereas the undeferrable urgency ones increased. These pieces of evidence could be explained by the fear of patients to be infected; but also revealed patients misuse of emergency services.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Emergency Service, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Ophthalmology/statistics & numerical data , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Tertiary Care Centers/statistics & numerical data , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , International Classification of Diseases , Italy/epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Young Adult
16.
Acta Med Port ; 33(10): 640-648, 2020 Oct 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-761196

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to provide objective and real-life data concerning the impact of the COVID-19 pandemicon ophthalmology residency training in Portugal. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Descriptive survey-based study applied to current Portuguese ophthalmology residents (n = 80 eligible). RESULTS: Seventy-five residents participated (94% response rate). All except one (99%) admitted a change in their routine clinical practice during the pandemic, and most (89%) continued to be engaged in ophthalmology department duties. Twenty-five percent were deployed to COVID-19 units, which was combined with ophthalmological activities in about half of them (47%). A significant proportion of participants stated that they were enrolled in the following ophthalmological activities: emergency/inpatient care (87%), outpatient visits (73%; general 70% vs subspecialty 29%), and surgical procedures (64%). Twenty-five percent did not assist in any outpatient visits and 36% did not participate in any surgical procedures. On a scale from 1 (no impact) to 5 (maximum impact), most participants classified their perceived negative impact of the pandemic on the training program as 3 (24%), 4 (40%), or 5 (27%). Participants highly agreed with the extension of the residency program (80%) in order to to make up for training disruption. DISCUSSION: Most trainees provided ophthalmological care during the pandemic. However, those clinical activities were essentially related to general and emergency care. Surgical experience was significantly curtailed. As such, strategies are needed to guarantee a high-quality learning process. Further studies are required to develop an international perspective on how ophthalmology training programs have been affected so that educational organizations can make recommendations regarding standardized adjustments to training programs. CONCLUSION: The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly impacted the training of ophthalmology residents nationwide.


Introdução: Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o impacto da pandemia COVID-19 no internato de Formação Específica de Oftalmologia em Portugal. Material e Métodos: Estudo descritivo dos resultados obtidos de um questionário aplicado a todos os internos de Formação Específica de Oftalmologia em Portugal (n = 80). Resultados: Setenta e cinco internos participaram no estudo (taxa de resposta de 94%). Excetuando um caso, todos (99%) admitiram alteração da sua prática clínica durante a pandemia, e a maioria (89%) manteve atividades clínicas no seu serviço de Oftalmologia. Vinte e cinco porcento foram integrados em unidades COVID-19, e metade desses inquiridos (47%) desempenharam concomitantemente atividades no âmbito da oftalmologia. Uma percentagem significativa dos inquiridos referiu estar envolvido nas seguintes atividades clínicas oftalmológicas: serviço de Urgência/consultas internas (87%), consultas externas (73%: geral 70% vs subespecialidade 29%), e cirurgias (64%). Vinte e cinco porcento não participaram em consultas externas, e 36% em procedimentos cirúrgicos. Numa escala de 1 (sem impacto) a 5 (máximo impacto), a maioria dos inquiridos classificou o impacto percecionado da pandemia no internato de Formação Específica de Oftalmologia em 3 (34%), 4 (40%) e 5 (27%). Oitenta porcento dos inquiridos enumerou a extensão do período do internato de Formação Específica como uma medida a adotar para minimizar o impacto negativo da pandemia. Discussão: A maioria dos internos mantiveram-se a desempenhar atividades clínicas no seu serviço de Oftalmologia, principalmente no âmbito da oftalmologia geral e de urgência. O desempenho de atividade cirúrgica foi largamente afetado. São necessárias estratégias adaptativas para garantir a continuação adequada da formação dos internos. Futuros estudos noutros contextos geográficos permitirão perceber de que forma os programas de formação em oftalmologia estão a ser afetados ao nível internacional, para que as organizações educacionais possam elaborar recomendações. Conclusão: A pandemia COVID-19 teve um impacto significativo no internato de Formação Específica de Oftalmologia em Portugal.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Internship and Residency , Ophthalmologists , Ophthalmology/education , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Adult , Ambulatory Care/statistics & numerical data , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Cross-Sectional Studies , Emergency Medical Services/statistics & numerical data , Female , Humans , Internship and Residency/statistics & numerical data , Male , Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Ophthalmology/statistics & numerical data , Pandemics , Portugal/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2 , Surveys and Questionnaires/statistics & numerical data , Young Adult
17.
Pan Afr Med J ; 36: 163, 2020.
Article in French | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-743009

ABSTRACT

From an epidemic in December to a global pandemic in early March, COVID-19 arrived on Moroccan soil on March 2nd and ophthalmology consultations decreased considerably. The majority of ophthalmologists come to the fore to ensure continuity of care and emergency care following health regulations. We developed a questionnaire to collect information on the general approach of 35 ophthalmologists regarding the impact of COVID -19 on consultation activities. The results of the survey objectified that 88.57% of the ophthalmologists surveyed maintained their consultation activities; ¾ of them only treated urgent cases or patients whose condition required undelayed management. The majority of ophthalmologists reported a decrease in consultations of at least 90% compared to their standard workflow. Active ophthalmologists believe that the risk of being infected or infecting their patients and others ranges from medium to high in the majority of cases despite protective barrier gestures.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Ophthalmologists/statistics & numerical data , Ophthalmology/statistics & numerical data , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Referral and Consultation/statistics & numerical data , Adult , COVID-19 , Female , Health Care Surveys , Humans , Middle Aged , Morocco/epidemiology , Pandemics
18.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 68(8): 1546-1550, 2020 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-680101

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To find the clinical profile and prevalence of conjunctivitis and other ocular manifestations in mild COVID-19 positive patients in a nodal COVID-19 hospital. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional, single-center study conducted in 127 mild cases of COVID-19 positive patients admitted between 27th March and 19th April 2020 in a tertiary care COVID-19 hospital in north India. From the hospital records, demographic data is collected. Ocular history and ocular examinations were done by face-to-face survey during ward rounds. RESULTS: A total of 127 patients were included in the study with a median age of 38.8 years. Forty-eight (37.80%) patients had upper respiratory tract symptoms, 20 (15.75%) patients had systemic illness, 18 (14.17%) patients were using spectacles, and 50 (39.37%) patients had history of hand-eye contact. Out of 12 (9.45%) patients who had ocular complaints, 11 (8.66%) had ocular manifestation after admission. Among 11 patients, eight (6.29%) had conjunctival congestion. Three (3/8) patients had developed conjunctival congestion even before the manifestation of definite COVID-19 symptoms. Five patients (5/8) patients had no other associated ocular symptoms other than congestion. Six patients (6/8) had symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection. CONCLUSION: Mild conjunctivitis manifesting as conjunctival congestion is common and is one of the major ocular manifestations in COVID-19 positive patients even with milder disease.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Conjunctivitis, Viral/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Eye Infections, Viral/epidemiology , Hospitals, Special/statistics & numerical data , Ophthalmology/statistics & numerical data , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , COVID-19 , Child , Child, Preschool , Conjunctivitis, Viral/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Eye Infections, Viral/diagnosis , Female , Humans , India/epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Tertiary Healthcare/statistics & numerical data
19.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 68(8): 1540-1544, 2020 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-680100

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of COVID-19 pandemic and national lockdown on patient care at a tertiary-care ophthalmology institute. METHODS: Records of all the patients who presented from March 25th to May 3rd, 2020 were scanned to evaluate the details regarding the presenting complaints, diagnosis, advised treatment and surgical interventions. RESULTS: The number of outpatient department visits, retinal laser procedures, intravitreal injections and cataract surgeries during this lockdown decreased by 96.5%, 96.5%, 98.7% and 99.7% respectively compared from the corresponding time last year. Around 38.8% patients could be triaged as non-emergency cases based on history alone while 59.5% patients could be triaged as non-emergency cases after examination. Only eighty-four patients opted for video-consultation from April 15th to May 3rd, 2020. Nine patients presented with perforated corneal ulcer, but could not undergo penetrating keratoplasty due to the lack to available donor corneal tissue. One of these patients had to undergo evisceration due to disease progression. Two patients with open globe injury presented late after trauma and had to undergo enucleation. Around 9% patients could not undergo the advised urgent procedure due to logistical issues related to the lockdown. CONCLUSION: A significant number of patients could not get adequate treatment during the lockdown period. Hospitals need to build capacity to cater to the expected patient surge post-COVID-19-era, especially those requiring immediate in-person attention. A large number of patients can be classified as non-emergency cases. These patients need to be encouraged to follow-up via video-consultation to carve adequate in-person time for the high-risk patients.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Eye Diseases/therapy , Ophthalmology/statistics & numerical data , Pandemics , Patient Care/statistics & numerical data , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Quarantine , Academies and Institutes/organization & administration , Academies and Institutes/statistics & numerical data , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19 , Child , Child, Preschool , Emergency Medical Services/statistics & numerical data , Female , Hospitals, Special/organization & administration , Hospitals, Special/statistics & numerical data , Humans , India/epidemiology , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Middle Aged , Ophthalmology/organization & administration , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Tertiary Care Centers/statistics & numerical data
20.
Br J Ophthalmol ; 105(6): 745-750, 2021 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-676375

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 pandemic of 2020 has impacted all aspects of clinical practice in the UK. Cataract services suffered severe disruption due to necessary measures taken to reduce elective surgery in order to release capacity to support intensive care requirements. Faced with a potential 50% increase in cataract surgery workload per week in the post-COVID-19 world, eye units should use this event to innovate, not just survive but to also evolve for a sustainable future. In this article, we discuss the inadequacies of existing service rationing options to tackle the COVID-19 cataract backlog. This includes limiting rationing based on visual acuity, limiting surgery to first or only seeing eyes, and postponing clinic and surgical dates according to referral dates. We propose units use the lockdown time to reset and develop a comprehensive patient-centred care pathway using principles of value-based healthcare: the cataract integrated practice units. Developing an agile surgical database that incorporates all aspects of patient need from education to follow-up in their individual cataract journey will allow units to react and plan quickly in the early phase of recovery and beyond. We also discuss the considerations units should bear in mind on telemedicine, modifications for face-to-face clinics, theatre organisation and options of expanding cataract throughput capacity. The pause in elective surgery due to the pandemic may have provided cataract services a rare opportunity to reset and transform cataract service pathways for the digital era.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Cataract Extraction , Delivery of Health Care/organization & administration , Ophthalmology/organization & administration , SARS-CoV-2 , Health Care Rationing/organization & administration , Health Care Rationing/statistics & numerical data , Health Planning/organization & administration , Health Services Needs and Demand/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Ophthalmology/statistics & numerical data , Practice Patterns, Physicians'/standards , Referral and Consultation , State Medicine/organization & administration , State Medicine/trends , Surveys and Questionnaires , United Kingdom , Waiting Lists
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