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1.
Cien Saude Colet ; 28(5): 1575-1587, 2023 May.
Article in Portuguese, English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2326058

ABSTRACT

This study analyzed the implementation of Brazil's National Oral Health Policy during the period 2018-2021, covering institutional actions, implementation of public dental services, results achieved, and federal funding. We conducted a retrospective descriptive study using documentary analysis and secondary data obtained from institutional websites, government information systems, and reports published by dental organizations. The findings show a significant reduction in funding between 2020 and 2021 and declining performance against indicators since 2018, such as coverage of first dental appointments and group supervised tooth brushing, which stood at 1.8% and 0.02%, respectively, in 2021. Federal funding dropped in 2018 and 2019 (8.45%), followed by an increase in 2020 (59.53%) and decrease in 2021 (-5.18%). The study period was marked by economic and political crises aggravated by the COVID-19 pandemic. This context influenced the functioning of health services in Brazil. There was a sharp reduction in performance against oral health indicators, while performance in primary health care and specialized care services remained stable.


Analisou-se a implementação da Política de Saúde Bucal no Brasil no período 2018-2021, através das ações institucionais, implantação dos serviços, resultados alcançados e financiamento federal. Estudo de monitoramento, a partir da análise documental e de dados secundários, obtidos em sites institucionais, sistemas de informações governamentais e notícias publicadas por entidades odontológicas. Todos os indicadores de resultados monitorados apresentaram expressiva redução dos valores entre 2020-2021, com agravamento desde 2018, como a cobertura da primeira consulta odontológica e ação coletiva de escovação dental supervisionada, que chegou a 1,8% e 0,02% em 2021, respectivamente. Observa-se uma queda do financiamento federal nos anos 2018-2019 (8,45%), com crescimento em 2020 (59,53%) e nova diminuição em 2021 (5,18%). O período analisado foi marcado por crise econômica e política, agravadas pela crise sanitária, decorrente da pandemia do COVID-19. Contexto que influenciou o funcionamento dos serviços de saúde no Brasil. No caso particular da saúde bucal, verificou-se progressiva e acentuada redução dos resultados, ainda que a implantação dos serviços de atenção básica e especializada tenha se mantido estável.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Oral Health , Humans , Brazil , Retrospective Studies , Pandemics , COVID-19/epidemiology , Health Policy
2.
BMC Med ; 21(1): 162, 2023 04 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2324097

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Maintaining oral health is essential for improving overall health of children living with HIV. Therefore, we evaluated the effectiveness of an oral health intervention for improving their oral and overall health. In addition, we examined their longitudinal association between changes in oral and overall health. METHODS: We conducted a 2-year randomized controlled trial involving children living with HIV in Cambodia. Children aged 3-15 years and their caregivers were randomly allocated either to the intervention (group A) or control (group B) arm. A second control arm (group C) included children without HIV. The group A children received oral health education sessions and practiced home-based daily care. RESULTS: In the baseline survey, 482 children participated (group A: n = 160, group B: n = 168, group C: n = 154), and 350 completed the endline survey. An interaction effect in teeth brushing duration was observed in children in group A relative to group B (AOR = 2.69, 95% CI: 1.37-5.31) and group C (AOR = 3.78, 95% CI: 1.70-8.40). Longitudinal associations were observed between changes in oral hygiene and overall health, as presented by alterations in dental caries in permanent teeth with viral load detection (adjusted odds ratio = 3.58, 95% CI: 1.10 - 11.73), in salivary flow quantity with the overall quality of life (ß = 0.07, 95% CI: < 0.01 - 0.13), as well as in dental caries, salivary pH, debris index with body mass index for age among group A children. CONCLUSIONS: Oral health intervention may improve oral care behaviors and potentially enhance overall health among children living with HIV in antiretroviral therapy in a resource-constrained setting. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN 15177479.


Subject(s)
Dental Caries , HIV Infections , Humans , Child , Quality of Life , Cambodia/epidemiology , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Oral Health , HIV Infections/drug therapy , HIV Infections/epidemiology
3.
Clin Oral Investig ; 27(Suppl 1): 23-32, 2023 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2320087

ABSTRACT

Studies have shown that mouth and respiratory tract microorganisms can be transported in aerosol and spatter. Due to aerosol-generating procedures, there are potentially various infection risks for patients and those working in health care, especially in oral health care. Dental aerosol can contaminate not only the mucous membranes of the oral health-care professional's mouth, respiratory passages, and eyes but also exposed surfaces and materials in the environment. As such, preventing disease transmission within oral health-care offices is important issue. Since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, an innumerable amount of (mis)information and advice on how to stay safe and prevent the spread of coronavirus has been published. What preventive measures can and have been taken to counteract this, and what have we learned during the pandemic? This review summarizes relevant literature that has addressed the presence and dispersal of aerosol and spatter as a concern in health care. It includes the sources of dental aerosol, their potential health threats, and strategies for controlling and mitigating their impact. It shows that further research is needed to better understand the potential health risks of dental aerosol and to develop effective strategies for mitigating them. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Using personal protective equipment, high-volume evacuation systems and pre-procedural antimicrobial agents can help to reduce the potential for infection in oral health-care settings and protect the well-being of oral health-care workers and their patients.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Oral Health , Pandemics/prevention & control , Respiratory Aerosols and Droplets
4.
J Am Dent Assoc ; 154(5): 367-369, 2023 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2312992
5.
J Am Dent Assoc ; 154(3): 194-205, 2023 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2309842

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Autopsy has benefited the practice of medicine for centuries; however, its use to advance the practice of oral health care is relatively limited. In the era of precision oral medicine, the research autopsy is poised to play an important role in understanding oral-systemic health, including infectious disease, autoimmunity, craniofacial genetics, and cancer. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: The authors reviewed relevant articles that used medical and dental research autopsies to summarize the advantages of minimally invasive autopsies of dental, oral, and craniofacial tissues and to outline practices for supporting research autopsies of the oral and craniofacial complex. RESULTS: The authors provide a historical summary of research autopsy in dentistry and provide a perspective on the value of autopsies for high-resolution multiomic studies to benefit precision oral medicine. As the promise of high-resolution multiomics is being realized, there is a need to integrate the oral and craniofacial complex into the practice of autopsy in medicine. Furthermore, the collaboration of autopsy centers with researchers will accelerate the understanding of dental, oral, and craniofacial tissues as part of the whole body. CONCLUSIONS: Autopsies must integrate oral and craniofacial tissues as part of biobanking procedures. As new technologies allow for high-resolution, multimodal phenotyping of human samples, using optimized sampling procedures will allow for unprecedented understanding of common and rare dental, oral, and craniofacial diseases in the future. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: The COVID-19 pandemic highlighted the oral cavity as a site for viral infection and transmission potential; this was only discovered via clinical autopsies. The realization of the integrated autopsy's value in full body health initiatives will benefit patients across the globe.


Subject(s)
Biological Specimen Banks , COVID-19 , Humans , Autopsy , Pandemics , Oral Health
6.
Minerva Pediatr (Torino) ; 74(6): 738-745, 2022 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2309755

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the dynamics and the structure of dental morbidity of the children population of the Republic of Armenia, in order to improve the system of methods of therapeutic and preventive measures. METHODS: In recommended children's key age groups, 5879 WHO assessment forms (1997) were analyzed. Calculated prevalence and intensity of dental caries, the Significant Index of Caries (SiC) and European dental health indicators, and the condition of periodontal tissues were determined with the help of the community periodontal index (CPI) and oral hygiene by OHI-S. The statistical analysis was performed within the SPSS 19 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA). The obtained data were statistically processed in the STATISTICA 6.0 (StataCorp LLC, College Station, TX, USA) for Excel program (Microsoft Corp., Redmond, WA, USA). RESULTS: The prevalence of caries of temporary teeth was 91.7% on the average. In 12-year-old schoolchildren the average prevalence of caries of permanent teeth rate was 87.5%. The prevalence of periodontal lesions in children was 47.8% on the average. CONCLUSIONS: In Armenia there was an increase in dental morbidity during the 2009-2019 period, which presumably would be continued unless the factors affecting the development of diseases will be changed. To improve dental health at the population level not only specialists but also health authorities should make efforts introducing appropriate prevention programs.


Subject(s)
Dental Caries , Health Status Indicators , Oral Health , Child , Humans , Armenia/epidemiology , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Periodontium
7.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 20(8)2023 04 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2297162

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the relationship of structural and cognitive dimensions of social capital with oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among adolescents. This was a cross-sectional study nested in a cohort of adolescents from southern Brazil. OHRQoL was evaluated using the short version of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire 11-14 (CPQ11-14). Structural social capital was measured by attendance of religious meetings and social networks from friends and neighbours. Cognitive social capital was evaluated through trust in friends and neighbours, perception of relationships in the neighbourhood, and social support during hard times. Multilevel Poisson regression analysis was performed to estimate the association between social capital dimensions and overall CPQ11-14 scores; higher scores corresponded to worse OHRQoL. The sample comprised 429 adolescents with a mean age of 12 years. Adolescents who attended religious meetings less than once a month or never presented higher overall CPQ11-14 scores. Adolescents who did not trust their friends and neighbours, those who believe that their neighbours did not have good relationships, and those reporting no support during hard times also presented higher overall CPQ11-14 scores. OHRQoL was poorer in individuals who presented lower structural and cognitive social capital, with the greatest impact related to the cognitive dimension.


Subject(s)
Dental Caries , Social Capital , Child , Humans , Adolescent , Quality of Life/psychology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Oral Health , Surveys and Questionnaires , Brazil , Cognition
8.
Dent Clin North Am ; 67(3): 435-437, 2023 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2302592

ABSTRACT

Early dental screening and treatment before and after solid organ transplantation are recommended infection prophylaxis measures. Dental treatment after transplantation should only be rendered after a discussion with the patient's health-care provider and/or transplant surgeon to determine the patient's stability for dental care. Potential sources of acute or chronic oral infections should be evaluated at every visit. Periodontal evaluation and through dental prophylaxis should be performed. Oral hygiene instruction including the importance of maintaining excellent oral health after transplant should be reviewed.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Lung Transplantation , Periodontal Diseases , Humans , Oral Health , Lung Transplantation/adverse effects , Dental Care
9.
BMJ Open Qual ; 12(2)2023 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2291405

ABSTRACT

Tooth extraction is the most common hospital procedure for children aged 6-10 years in England. Tooth decay is almost entirely preventable and is inequitably distributed across the population: it can cause pain, infection, school absences and undermine overall health status.An oral health programme (OHP) was delivered in a hospital setting, comprising: (1) health promotion activities; (2) targeted supervised toothbrushing (STB) and (3) staff training. Outcomes were measured using three key performance indicators (KPI1: percentage of children/families seeing promotional material; KPI2: number of children receiving STB; KPI3: number of staff trained) and relevant qualitative indicators. Data were collected between November 2019 and August 2021 using surveys and data from the online booking platform.OHP delivery was impacted by COVID-19, with interventions interrupted, reduced, eliminated or delivered differently (eg, in-person training moved online). Despite these challenges, progress against all KPIs was made. 93 posters were deployed across the hospital site, along with animated video 41% (233/565) of families recalled seeing OHP materials across the hospital site (KPI1). 737 children received STB (KPI2), averaging 35 children/month during the active project. Following STB, 96% participants stated they learnt something, and 94% committed to behaviour change. Finally, 73 staff members (KPI3) received oral health training. All people providing feedback (32/32) reported learning something new from the training session, with 84% (27/32) reporting that they would do things differently in the future.Results highlight the importance of flexibility and resilience when delivering QI projects under challenging conditions or unforeseen circumstances. While results suggest that hospital-based OHP is potentially an effective and equitable way to improve patient, family and staff knowledge of good oral health practices, future work is needed to understand if and how patients and staff put into practice the desired behaviour change and what impact this may have on oral health outcomes.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Health Promotion , Child , Humans , Oral Health , Quality Improvement , Hospitals
10.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 20(1): 207-218, 2022 Apr 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2257370

ABSTRACT

PURPOSES: The aim of this sytematic review was to evaluate the potential association of COVID-19 infection with oral health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Screening in different databases (PubMed/MEDLINE, Google Scholar, and Embase databases) was performed to identify relevant articles, focusing on the oral health of patients with COVID-19, and published up to November 2021. 5194 articles were identified, and 29 fulfilled the inclusion criteria. RESULTS: Patients presenting more severe periodontal or dental diseases were at an increased risk of developing COVID-19 complications and being admitted to intensive care units. According to the included articles, U-shaped lingual papillitis and aphthous-like ulcers on the tongue are the most frequent lesions assessed in the oral cavity of COVID-19 patients, while xerostomia seems to be an early COVID-19 diagnostic symptom. Apart from the presence of the virus, the global lockdown had a detrimental impact on oral health. The occurrence of dental emergencies was augmented during this time due to the postponement of numerous non-emergency dental procedures. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of SARS-CoV-2 in periodontal tissues and salivary fractions may explain the presence of oral lesions during the infection. However, the virus's direct or indirect effect on oral mucosa is unclear. It is important to consider that these manifestations might be attributed to underlying comorbidities, or co-existing or subsequent lesions produced by local irritants.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Communicable Disease Control , Humans , Mouth , Oral Health
11.
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol ; 51(1): 1-5, 2023 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2271647
12.
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol ; 51(1): 133-138, 2023 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2278802

ABSTRACT

In the early 2000s, a Scottish Government Oral Health Action Plan identified the need for a national programme to improve child oral health and reduce inequalities. 'Childsmile' aimed to improve child oral health in Scotland, reduce inequalities in outcomes and access to dental services, and to shift the balance of care from treatment to prevention through targeted and universal components in dental practice, community and educational settings. This paper describes how an embedded, theory-based research and evaluation arm with multi-disciplinary input helps determine priorities and provides important strategic direction. Programme theory is articulated in dedicated, dynamic logic models, and evaluation themes are as follows: population-level data linkage; trials and economic evaluations; investigations drawing from behavioural and implementation science; evidence reviews and updates; and applications of systems science. There is also a growing knowledge sharing network internationally. Collaborative working from all stakeholders is necessary to maintain gains and to address areas that may not be working as well, and never more so with the major disruptions to the programme from the COVID-19 pandemic and response. Conclusions are that evaluation and research are synergistic with a complex, dynamic programme like Childsmile. The evidence obtained allows for appraisal of the relative strengths of component interventions and the reach and impact of Childsmile to feed into national policy.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Dental Care for Children , Child , Humans , Oral Health , Pandemics , Scotland/epidemiology
13.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 20(6)2023 03 14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2275371

ABSTRACT

This cross-sectional analytical study assessed the frequency of avoided referrals of primary care to other care levels by dental teleconsulting and its association with individual and contextual variables using a multilevel approach. It appraised asynchronous dental teleconsulting sessions from the secondary database of the Monitoring and Evaluation System of the Telehealth Results during 2020, during the COVID-19 pandemic. The outcome was "whether referral to secondary care was avoided". Individual variables were related to teleconsulting and professionals that requested it: sex, dental specialty, and dentistry field. Contextual variables were related to each municipality that requested responses: Municipal Human Development Index, oral health teams (OHTs) in primary health care coverage, dental specialty centers coverage, illiteracy rate, Gini index, longevity, and per capita income. A descriptive analysis was made using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. Hierarchical Linear and Nonlinear Modeling software was used to perform multilevel analyses to assess the association of individual and contextual variables with avoiding patient referral to other care levels. Most teleconsulting sessions avoided patient referral to other care levels (65.1%). Contextual variables explained 44.23% of the variance in the outcome. Female dentists were more likely to avoid patient referrals than male dentists (OR = 1.74; CI = 0.99-3.44; p = 0.055). In addition, an increase of one percentage point in OHT/PHC coverage of municipalities increased the likelihood of avoiding patient referral by 1% (OR = 1.01; CI = 1.00-1.02; p = 0.02). Teleconsulting sessions efficiently avoided patient referral to other care levels. Both contextual and individual factors were associated with avoided referrals by teleconsulting sessions.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Humans , Male , Female , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , COVID-19/epidemiology , Referral and Consultation , Oral Health
14.
Intensive Crit Care Nurs ; 77: 103433, 2023 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2287968

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of oral complications in patients with severe COVID-19; investigate the association between their oral health, organ status, and immunity; and determine whether the resazurin disc test is an effective substitute for the Oral Assessment Guide. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY/DESIGN: A single-centre observational study. SETTING: Intensive care unit with restricted access specialising in extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for COVID-19 treatment. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We investigated the oral health of 13 patients with COVID-19 receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation therapy between April and December 2021 using the Oral Assessment Guide and colour reactive resazurin disc test. The Sequential Organ Failure Assessment and Prognostic Nutritional Index were used to assess organ status and immunity, respectively. The correlation of oral health status with organ status and immunity was investigated. RESULTS: High bacterial levels, revealed by the resazurin disc test, were associated with elevated Oral Assessment Guide scores, indicating oral health deterioration, particularly in terms of teeth and dentures. Increased Sequential Organ Failure Assessment scores and decreased Prognostic Nutritional Index were correlated with poor oral health, revealed by the Oral Assessment Guide and resazurin disc test. CONCLUSION: Poor oral health is an important risk factor for severe COVID-19 complications in patients admitted to an intensive care unit. The Oral Assessment Guide and resazurin disc test can evaluate oral conditions; however, the resazurin disc test is quantitative and does not require salivary specimens to be transferred outside the patient ward for evaluation. The resazurin disc test can be a useful substitute for the Oral Assessment Guide in intensive care units with restricted access. IMPLICATIONS FOR CLINICAL PRACTICE: The resazurin disc test can be used for quantitative assessment of patients' oral condition in isolation wards. Multidisciplinary management of patients with COVID-19 should be promoted and involve oral healthcare providers such as dentists and dental hygienists.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , COVID-19/complications , Oral Health , COVID-19 Drug Treatment , Intensive Care Units , Organ Dysfunction Scores
15.
Braz Oral Res ; 37: e028, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2250445

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of oral health literacy (OHL) on conceptions of care and behaviors related to COVID-19. The sample came from two preliminary cross-sectional studies that determined the level of OHL of parents/guardians of six-to-12-year-old children in two major Brazilian cities (Curitiba and Belo Horizonte). Functional OHL was measured using the Brazilian version of the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Dentistry (BREALD-30) and the Health Literacy Dental Scale (HeLD-14) for the evaluation of interactive OHL. Participants were recruited through e-mail, social media, and telephone contact. The questionnaire on conceptions of care and behaviors related to COVID-19 was created based on the guidelines of the World Health Organization. Two hundred nineteen individuals participated in the study. There was no significant difference in socioeconomic and demographic variables and in the medians of BREALD and HeLD-14 between the two cities (P>0.05). Higher levels of functional OHL were associated with an appropriate conception that individual care affects collective care (P=0.038), but with an inappropriate conception of seeking medical assistance in cases of mild symptoms (P=0.030). Higher levels of interactive OHL were related to social distancing behavior in the city of Curitiba (P=0.049) and in the overall sample (P=0.040). It is concluded that functional OHL was associated with two of the investigated conceptions about COVID-19, while interactive OHL was associated with social distancing behavior. These data may suggest that different dimensions of the OHL can have an impact on different aspects of coping with the pandemic.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Health Literacy , Adult , Child , Humans , Cross-Sectional Studies , Oral Health , Surveys and Questionnaires
16.
Int J Paediatr Dent ; 33(3): 246-253, 2023 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2249637

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Limited evidence regarding the post-COVID-19 dental status of paediatric patients is available, with most studies assessing only children's oral health habits. AIM: To evaluate the effect of the COVID-19 lockdown on the oral health of paediatric dental patients in Greece. DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study that included a questionnaire on children's oral health behavior and a clinical examination assessing dental caries and dental treatment needs using the International Caries Detection and Assessment System criteria, dmft/DMFT, and Treatment Need Index. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used for a statistical comparison between questionnaire and clinical data before, during, and after the lockdown. RESULTS: A total of 102 children with a median age of 9 years were recruited from the current cohort of patients that had their last dental examination 6 months prior to the lockdown. Results from the questionnaire showed decreased brushing frequency with increased eating frequency and sugar consumption during the lockdown period (p < .001). Moreover, 16.5% had to visit the dentist for urgent care during the lockdown, 13.6% experienced dental pain, and 51.5% did not experience any dental emergencies. Clinical examination, after the lockdown, recorded significantly increased mean dmft/DMFT scores by 0.63 units in the primary dentition (p = .01) and 0.52 units in the permanent teeth (p = .002). Significantly higher treatment needs, with more carious lesions requiring extensive treatment after the lockdown, were recorded (p < .001). CONCLUSION: The COVID-19 lockdown negatively affected children's oral health behavior: caries prevalence increased and more complex dental treatments were required.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Dental Caries , Child , Humans , Oral Health , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Greece/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Communicable Disease Control , Prevalence , DMF Index
17.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 21(1): 83-92, 2023 Mar 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2268958

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To assess the levels of oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in orthodontic patients both during the suspension of dental services caused by COVID-19 and after a year of dental service reinstatement, and to evaluate the associated factors for OHRQoL in those patients during the suspension period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional online study was conducted both during the suspension of dental service due to COVID-19 (T1) and after a year of dental service reinstatement (T2). The questionnaire - consisting of personal information, subjective complaints, OHIP-14 and oral health conditions - was completed by the participants at T1 and T2. Data were evaluated by the Χ2 test, the Wilcoxon rank-sum test, and multivariate logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: 324 participants were ultimately included in the study sample. The participants reported higher OHIP-14 total scores at T1 than T2 (p < 0.001). Statistically significant differences were detected in the domains psychological discomfort, psychological disability, social disability and handicap (p < 0.001). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that wearing fixed appliances, being over 18 years old, having delayed orthodontic treatment and poor oral hygiene habits were statistically significantly associated with higher OHIP-14 total scores at T1 (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The OHRQoL in orthodontic patients was negatively impacted by the suspension of dental services during COVID-19, which was reflected in all the psychosocial domains. Types of appliances, ages, delays in follow-up visits and oral hygiene habits seemed to be the factors associated with OHRQoL in orthodontic patients during the suspension.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Quality of Life , Humans , Adolescent , Quality of Life/psychology , Oral Health , Cross-Sectional Studies , Pandemics , COVID-19/epidemiology , Dental Care , Surveys and Questionnaires
18.
Am J Public Health ; 113(4): 368-371, 2023 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2267990

ABSTRACT

We sought to determine the effectiveness of an interprofessional health team in improving access to oral health care among American Indian children enrolled in Head Start. Our team provided preventive treatments and case management during 11 visits from 2018 to 2022. Case management reduced the time between referral and dental treatment from a median of 166 days to 58.3 days over four years. An interprofessional team is an effective way to improve access to oral health care among rural American Indian Head Start children. (Am J Public Health. 2023;113(4):368-371. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2022.307205).


Subject(s)
American Indian or Alaska Native , Dental Caries , Humans , Child, Preschool , Dental Caries Susceptibility , Health Services Accessibility , Oral Health , Dental Caries/prevention & control
19.
Eur J Paediatr Dent ; 24(1): 10-14, 2023 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2267969

ABSTRACT

AIM: During the COVID-19 pandemic, restrictive rules were imposed around the world to limit the spread of the virus. The present study aims to investigate how the pandemic and the consequent restrictions have affected the lives and oral health of Italian families with children aged 0-14 years. MATERIALS: Through a questionnaire distributed online from December 2020 to March 2021 the following aspects were investigated: family income during the pandemic, fear of the pandemic, dietary habits, perceived risk of infection in a dental practice and perceived children oral health status during the pandemic. CONCLUSION: The pandemic has not drastically changed the socio-economic conditions, the dietary habits and the oral health condition of most Italian children. Nevertheless, the pandemic seems to have highlighted significant macro-regional differences regarding the satisfaction with the response of the regional health services to the pandemic. The continuation of the pandemic and the possible socio-economic effects could favour new changes in lifestyles, oral health and discrepancies regarding health care access, which deserve to be the subject of further investigation.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Oral Health , Humans , Child , Cross-Sectional Studies , Pandemics , Italy/epidemiology , Parents
20.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 20(5)2023 03 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2265969

ABSTRACT

During the COVID-19 pandemic, teledentistry was suggested as a cost-effective and promising approach to improve access to oral health care. In response, Canadian provincial and territorial dental regulatory authorities (DRAs) published teledentistry-related clinical practice guidances (TCPGs). However, an in-depth comparison between them is needed to understand their gaps and commonalities so as to inform research, practice, and policy. This review aimed to provide a comprehensive analysis of TCPGs published by Canadian DRAs during the pandemic. A critical comparative analysis of these TCPGs published between March 2020 and September 2022 was conducted. Two members of the review team screened the official websites of dental regulatory authorities (DRAs) to identify TCPGs and performed data extraction. Among Canada's 13 provinces and territories, only four TCPGs were published during the relevant time period. There were some similarities and differences in these TCPGs, and we identified gaps pertaining to communication tools and platforms, and measures to safeguard patients' privacy and confidentiality. The insights from this critical comparative analysis and the unified workflow on teledentistry can aid DRAs in their development of new or an improvement to existing TCPGs or the development of nationwide TCP guidelines on teledentistry.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Oral Health , Telemedicine , Humans , Canada , Oral Health/statistics & numerical data , Pandemics
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