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West Afr J Med ; 39(4): 355-361, 2022 Apr 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1824273


BACKGROUND: In order to reduce COVID-19 transmission and protect healthcare workers, the outpatient departments (OPDs) in many hospitals worldwide were closed down in the early days of the pandemic. Patients being managed for chronic medical illnesses who subsequently suffered reduced access to healthcare have been described as "the patients left behind". AIM: The study aimed at assessing the impact of the closure of the Medical OPD in University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital (UITH) on the health and perceived well-being of patients with chronic medical illnesses. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 180 patients with chronic medical illnesses attending the MOPD in UITH. RESULTS: Mean age of participants was 50.2±18.2years, 92 (51.1%) were male, median duration of attending MOPD was 21 months (IQR 12-36). 92 patients (51.1%) perceived a negative affectation of their well-being by the closure of MOPD. Being >50 years was associated with a perception of negative affectation of well-being (P=0.042). 140 patients (77.8%) had clinic appointments that fell within the period under review. 67(69.3%) of the 97 patients who had medical complaints during the period could not reach a doctor and this was associated with a perception of negative affectation of their wellbeing. The commonest action they took was to do nothing (28.3%), three (4.5%) resorted to herbal concoctions. 19 (29.9%) felt their complaints were urgent. CONCLUSION: Our study identifies that patients with chronic medical illness are potential victims of COVID-19 related disruption of healthcare services. Healthcare managers in Nigeria must develop alternatives such as telemedicine that sustain face-to-face medical interaction during eventualities.

CONTEXTE: Afin de réduire la transmission de la COVID-19 et protéger les travailleurs de la santé, les services ambulatoires (OPD) dans de nombreux hôpitaux dans le monde ont été fermés dans les premiers jours de l'Pandémie. Patients pris en charge pour des maladies chroniques quipar la suite souffert d'un accès réduit aux soins de santé ont été décrit comme "les patients laissés pour compte". OBJECTIF: L'étude visait à évaluer l'impact de la fermeture de l'OPD médical à l'hôpital universitaire d'Ilorin (UITH) la santé et le bien-être perçu des patients atteints de chroniquesMaladies. MÉTHODES: Une étude transversale de 180 patients atteints de chroniques maladies médicales fréquentant le MOPD à l'UITH. RÉSULTATS: L'âge moyen des participants était de 50.2 ±18.2 ans, 92 ans(51.1 %) étaient des hommes, la durée médiane de la participation au MOPD était de 21mois (IQR 12-36). 92 patients (51.1 %) ont perçu un résultat negative l'affectation de leur bien-être par la fermeture du MOPD. Être >50ans était associée à une perception d'affectation négative de bien-être (P= 0.042). 140 patients (77.8 %) avaient des rendez-vous à la clinique qui s'inscrivait dans la période considérée. 67 (69.3 %) des 97 patients qui ont eu des problèmes médicaux au cours de la période n'ont pas pu atteindre un et cela était associé à une perception d'affectation negative de leur bien-être. L'action la plus courante qu'ils ont prise était de ne rien faire (28.3%), deux (4.5%) ont eu recours à des concoctions à base de plantes. 19 (29.9 %) ont ressenti leurs plaintes étaient urgentes. CONCLUSION: Notre étude identifie que les patients atteints demaladie chronique les maladies médicales sont des victimes potentielles des perturbations liées à la COVID-19des services de santé. Les gestionnaires de soins de santé au Nigeria doivent se developper des solutions de rechange comme la télémédecine qui soutiennent la médecine en personne interaction lors d'éventualités. Mots-clés: Maladie COVID-19, Maladies chroniques, COVID-19 fermeture connexe des services médicaux ambulatoires, perception.

COVID-19 , Outpatients , Adult , Aged , Ambulatory Care , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dwarfism , Female , Fetal Growth Retardation , Humans , Male , Microcephaly , Middle Aged , Osteochondrodysplasias , Perception
Eur J Neurol ; 28(8): 2603-2613, 2021 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1518029


BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Nasu-Hakola disease (NHD) is a rare, autosomal recessive disorder characterized by skeletal and neurological symptoms. Behavioral symptoms with cognitive impairment may mimic the behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) and other early-onset dementias. Our patients were analyzed and the literature was reviewed to delineate neurological and neuroimaging findings suggestive of NHD. METHOD: Fourteen patients carrying a pathogenic mutation in the TREM2 gene were found in our database. Demographic, clinical, laboratory and radiological data were retrieved and analyzed. RESULTS: The presenting clinical picture was behavioral changes with cognitive decline resembling bvFTD in all patients. The mean age was 37.1 ± 4.97 years and the mean duration of the disease was 8.9 ± 3.51 years. Only two patients had typical bone cysts. Seven patients had bilateral calcification of the basal ganglia in computed tomography of the brain. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed severe atrophy of the corpus callosum, enlargement of the ventricles, atrophy of the caudate nuclei and periventricular white matter changes in all patients. Symmetrical global atrophy of the brain mainly affecting frontoparietal and lateral temporal regions were observed in all cases, and 13 patients had atrophy of the hippocampus. Cerebrospinal fluid examination of 10 patients showed elevated protein levels in six and the presence of oligoclonal bands in four patients. CONCLUSION: A combination of white matter changes, enlarged ventricles, atrophy of the caudate nuclei and thinning of the corpus callosum in magnetic resonance imaging strongly suggests NHD in patients with FTD syndrome. Molecular genetic analysis should be performed in suspected cases, and families should receive genetic counseling.

Frontotemporal Dementia , Lipodystrophy , Membrane Glycoproteins/genetics , Osteochondrodysplasias , Receptors, Immunologic/genetics , Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis , Adult , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Frontotemporal Dementia/diagnostic imaging , Frontotemporal Dementia/genetics , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neuroimaging
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(7)2021 Jul 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1307883


Neonatal Schwartz-Jampel syndrome type II is a rare and severe form of genetic disorder. Different from the classical appearance in infancy, neonatal presentation involves respiratory and feeding difficulties, along with characteristic pursed appearance of the mouth, myotonia, skeletal dysplasia and severe fatal hyperthermia. The clinical spectrum of this syndrome is so wide that it easily baffles with more common differentials. In this case report, a neonate born to third-degree consanguineous marriage with previous two abortions presented with respiratory difficulty, severe hyperthermia and feeding difficulty, which were daunting challenges to manage due to being refractory to standard line of management. Severe myotonia and gross dysmorphism were challenging dots to connect. Targeted exome sequencing was a ray of hope, which revealed homozygous mutation in the leukaemia inhibitory factor receptor gene on chromosome 5p13, confirming the genetic diagnosis for a fairly common spectrum of symptoms. The neonate later developed pneumoperitoneum and succumbed to underlying severe neonatal illness.

Osteochondrodysplasias , Consanguinity , Face , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Muscle Hypertonia/diagnosis , Muscle Hypertonia/genetics , Mutation , Osteochondrodysplasias/complications , Osteochondrodysplasias/diagnosis , Osteochondrodysplasias/genetics , Pregnancy