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J Prim Care Community Health ; 13: 21501319221082351, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1741892


BACKGROUND: The association of SARS-CoV-2 with acute otitis media (AOM) in children is poorly understood. METHODS: Cases were identified as a subpopulation within the NO TEARS prospective AOM study in Denver, CO from March to December 2020. Children enrolled were 6 to 35 months of age with uncomplicated AOM; those with AOM and SARS-CoV-2 were included. Data was obtained from electronic medical records and research case report forms. RESULTS: A total of 108 patients enrolled in the NO TEARS study from May 2019 through December 2020 (all subsequently tested for SARS CoV-2). During the COVID-19 pandemic study period (March-December 2020), 16 patients enrolled, and 7 (43.6%) were identified with AOM/COVID-19 co-infection. Fever was present in 3 of 7 children (29%). Four children (57%) attended daycare. Only 2 children (29%) had SARS CoV-2 testing as part of their clinical workup. Mean AOM-SOS© scores were similar among SARS CoV-2 positive and negative patients with no statistical significance with two-sided t-tests: 13.6 (±4.5) versus 14.2 (±4.9) at enrollment, 1.4 (±1.8) versus 4.2 (±4.9) on Day 5, and 0.6 (±0.9) versus 2.5 (±6.1) on Day 14. Among the 7 cases, no child had an AOM treatment failure or recurrence within 3 to 14 or 15 to 30 days respectively. Of the 6 patients with completed bacterial and viral testing, a bacterial pathogen was identified in all 6, and a viral pathogen in 3 (50%). CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19 and AOM can co-exist. Providers should maintain a high index of suspicion for COVID-19 even in patients with clinical AOM and should not use a diagnosis of AOM to exclude COVID-19.

COVID-19 , Otitis Media , Acute Disease , Child , Humans , Otitis Media/drug therapy , Otitis Media/epidemiology , Otitis Media/etiology , Pandemics , Prospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
J Laryngol Otol ; 135(10): 855-857, 2021 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1434031


OBJECTIVE: Recurrent acute otitis media is common in children. The preferred treatment measures for recurrent acute otitis media have a mixed evidence base. This study sought to assess baseline practice across ENT departments in England. METHODS: A national telephone survey of healthcare staff was conducted. Every ENT centre in England was contacted. A telephone script was used to ask about antibiotic and grommet use and duration in recurrent acute otitis media cases. RESULTS: Ninety-six centres (74 per cent) provided complete information. Recurrent acute otitis media treatment across England by ENT departments varied. The antibiotic first- and second-line prophylaxis offered varies, with trimethoprim used in 33 centres and 29 centres not offering any antibiotics. The timing or choice about when to use grommets also varies, but 87 centres (91 per cent) offer grommet surgery at one stage. CONCLUSION: The treatments received by children in England for recurrent acute otitis media vary by centre; collaborative research in this area is advised.

Middle Ear Ventilation/statistics & numerical data , Otitis Media/drug therapy , Otolaryngology/statistics & numerical data , Surveys and Questionnaires/standards , Acute Disease , Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Anti-Infective Agents, Urinary/administration & dosage , Anti-Infective Agents, Urinary/therapeutic use , Child , Drug Resistance, Microbial , England/epidemiology , Humans , Middle Ear Ventilation/methods , Otitis Media/surgery , Otolaryngology/organization & administration , Personal Health Services/statistics & numerical data , Recurrence , State Medicine/organization & administration , Surveys and Questionnaires/statistics & numerical data , Trimethoprim/administration & dosage , Trimethoprim/therapeutic use