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1.
J Laryngol Otol ; 135(9): 829-833, 2021 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1397800

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study investigated how the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic has impacted on presentations to ENT first-on-call services. METHODS: All appointments to a rapid access triage clinic from 1 June to 31 August in 2019 and 2020 were reviewed retrospectively and their reasons for consultation classified. A binomial proportion test was used to determine whether the proportions of consultations per presentation differed significantly between years. This analysis was repeated with the number of unique patients per presenting complaint. RESULTS: The proportions of nine reasons for consultation differed significantly between 2019 and 2020, including an increase in otitis media and nasal trauma presentations, and a decrease in otitis externa and tonsillitis presentations. Reattendances caused some variation in the frequency of certain diagnoses. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest a shift in the presentations to first-on-call services, which may be a result of changes in patient behaviour and access to healthcare services.


Subject(s)
Ambulatory Care/statistics & numerical data , COVID-19/epidemiology , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases/epidemiology , Ear/injuries , Foreign Bodies/epidemiology , Foreign Bodies/therapy , Humans , Otitis Externa/epidemiology , Otitis Externa/therapy , Otitis Media/epidemiology , Otitis Media/therapy , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases/diagnosis , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Tonsillitis/epidemiology , Tonsillitis/therapy , United Kingdom/epidemiology
2.
Auris Nasus Larynx ; 48(6): 1176-1180, 2021 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1281384

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: In Japan, many otolaryngologists provide primary care for patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The purpose of this study was to analyze the characteristics of otorhinolaryngological findings in order to improve COVID-19 diagnostic systems in a primary care setting. METHODS: A total of 351 patients (mean age, 36.0 ± 15.4 years) diagnosed with COVID-19 by otolaryngologists who belong to the Japan Otorhinolaryngologists Association were included in the study. A web-based questionnaire was used to collect information regarding the timing of positive identification of COVID-19, the route of infection, symptoms, and findings in the tonsils, nasal cavity, pharynx, ear, and neck. A modified Centor score was calculated for cases in which age, symptoms, and tonsil and neck findings were described. RESULTS: Symptoms included fever (56%), olfactory disturbance (46%), and a sore throat (56%). Of the individuals considered, 63% had ordinary rhinoscopic findings, 21% experienced watery rhinorrhea, and 12% had observable mucosal redness. Further, 87% had ordinary tonsillar findings, 13% displayed tonsillar redness, with enlargement and white mucus observe in 2% and 1% of participants, respectively. A total of 193 patients had a calculated Centor score of 3 points in 2%, and scores of the remaining participants were ≤2 points. CONCLUSION: Of all patients considered, 40% had nasal findings and 4% had purulent nasal discharge. In contrast, only 13% of the patients had tonsillar findings, and no patients had Centor scores ≥4 points. Symptom differentiation from that of bacterial infections is difficult. In areas where COVID-19 is prevalent, the disease should be considered in patients presenting with fever, olfactory disturbances, and sore throat with minimal or no clinical findings in the nasal cavity and pharynx.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/diagnosis , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases/diagnosis , Symptom Assessment , Adult , Bacterial Infections/diagnosis , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/epidemiology , Diagnosis, Differential , Female , Health Care Surveys , Humans , Japan/epidemiology , Male , Otolaryngologists , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases/epidemiology , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases/virology
3.
Am J Otolaryngol ; 42(5): 103123, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1275106

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Since the COVID-19 pandemic began, emergency departments (ED) across the country have seen a significant decrease in patient visits. We aim to evaluate the impact of COVID-19 on ED visits for acute otolaryngologic complaints in New York City, one of the first epicenters of the pandemic in the US. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of patients who presented to the ED with a primary diagnosis of an acute otolaryngologic complaint between March 1 and May 31 in 2019 and 2020. This was a multicenter study, including two tertiary care hospital systems encompassing Manhattan, Bronx, Queens, and Long Island. RESULTS: A total of 10,162 patients were identified. Significantly fewer patients presented to the ED for acute otolaryngologic complaints in 2020 (7332 vs 2830, p < 0.001). The rate of total otolaryngology-related ED visits was decreased by a factor of 0.635 (95% CI 0.6079 to 0.6634). In a subgroup analysis of each individual diagnosis, there was a significant decrease in rate of ED visits for 13 out of 18 diagnoses, including for life-threatening conditions, such as anaphylaxis. There was no significant difference based on which borough in New York City. Pediatric patients (age 0-17) were more significantly impacted by the pandemic compared to other age groups. CONCLUSION: The COVID-19 pandemic has led to a reduction in the utilization of ED for acute otolaryngologic complaints, including those requiring emergent management, and an even more significant reduction in the pediatric population. Healthcare providers should encourage patients to seek appropriate care, particularly for those illnesses with significant associated morbidity and mortality.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , Emergency Service, Hospital , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases/epidemiology , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases/virology , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/therapy , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Hospitalization , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Middle Aged , New York City , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Symptom Assessment , Young Adult
4.
Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital ; 41(2): 101-107, 2021 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1241350

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Patients with coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) may present with a wide range of symptoms. In this paper, a detailed characterisation of mild-to-moderate ear, nose nd throat (ENT) symptoms is presented with the aim of recognising the disease early to help reduce further spread and progression. METHODS: A total of 230 cases testing positive for SARS-CoV-2 and 134 negative controls were recruited for a case-control analysis. Symptoms were analysed using the Acute Respiratory Tract Infections Questionnaire, while other symptoms were investigated by ad hoc questions. RESULTS: Among the study samples (n = 364), 149 were males and 215 were females with age ranging from 20 to 89 years (mean 52.3). Four main groups of symptoms were obtained: influenza-like symptoms, ENT-symptoms, breathing issues and asthenia-related symptoms, representing 72%, 69%, 64% and 53% of overall referred clinical manifestations, respectively. ENT symptoms, breathing issues and influenza-like symptoms were associated with positivity to SARS-CoV-2, whereas asthenia-related symptoms did not show a significant association with SARS-CoV-2 infection after controlling for other symptoms, comorbidities and demographic characteristics. CONCLUSIONS: ENT symptoms are equally represented with influenza-like ones as presenting symptoms of COVID-19. Patients with ENT symptoms should be investigated for early identification and prevention of SARS-CoV-2 spread.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases/diagnosis , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases/etiology , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Case-Control Studies , Early Diagnosis , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Severity of Illness Index , Young Adult
5.
Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol ; 131(1): 12-26, 2022 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1156035

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze trends in otolaryngology consultations and provide algorithms to guide management during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study at a single institution tertiary care hospital. A total of 95 otolaryngology consultations were performed from March 1, 2020 to April 26, 2020 (COVID-era) and 363 were performed from September 1, 2019 to February 29, 2020 (pre-COVID-era) at the UPMC Oakland campus. Data collected included patient demographics, COVID-19 status, reason for consult, location of consult, type of consult, procedures performed, need for surgical intervention, length of hospital stay and recommended follow up. RESULTS: Patient populations in the pre-COVID-era and COVID-era were similar in terms of their distribution of demographics and chief complaints. Craniofacial trauma was the most common reason for consultation in both periods, followed by vocal fold and airway-related consults. We saw a 21.5% decrease in the rate of consults seen per month during the COVID-era compared to the 6 months prior. Review of trends in the consult workflow allowed for development of several algorithms to safely approach otolaryngology consults during the COVID-19 pandemic. CONCLUSIONS: Otolaryngology consultations provide valuable services to inpatients and patients in the emergency department ranging from evaluation of routine symptoms to critical airways. Systematic otolaryngology consult service modifications are required in order to reduce risk of exposure to healthcare providers while providing comprehensive patient care.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , COVID-19 , Otolaryngology , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases , Referral and Consultation/trends , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Clinical Protocols , Cohort Studies , Female , Hospitals, University , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases/diagnosis , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases/therapy , Pennsylvania , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
6.
J Laryngol Otol ; 135(3): 206-211, 2021 Mar.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1053933

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate otorhinolaryngological manifestations of coronavirus disease 2019 infection and the time required for their resolution. METHODS: A prospective analysis was conducted of coronavirus disease 2019 patients presenting from 1 April 2020 to 30 July 2020. The otorhinolaryngological manifestations were evaluated based on patient history. The time required for symptom resolution was evaluated separately for intensive care unit and non-intensive care unit patients. RESULTS: A total of 600 patients were included in the study; 13.3 per cent required the intensive care unit and 2.2 per cent expired. The otorhinolaryngological manifestations were: sore throat (88 per cent), fever (78.8 per cent), anosmia or hyposmia (63.6 per cent), ageusia or hypogeusia (63.5 per cent), rhinorrhoea (51.3 per cent), nasal obstruction (33.5 per cent), sneezing (30.3 per cent), and breathing difficulty (18.6 per cent). The time required for symptom resolution was longest for breathing difficulty (23.6 days for intensive care unit and 8.2 days for non-intensive care unit patients). CONCLUSION: Otorhinolaryngological symptoms are one of the main presentations of coronavirus disease 2019 infection. The increased prevalence of medical co-morbidities in patients requiring intensive care unit and in deceased patients is also highlighted.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/epidemiology , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases/virology , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , COVID-19/therapy , Critical Care , Female , Humans , India , Male , Middle Aged , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases/diagnosis , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases/therapy , Prevalence , Prospective Studies , Recovery of Function , Symptom Assessment , Time Factors , Young Adult
7.
GMS J Med Educ ; 37(7): Doc100, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-972199

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Due to the circumstances of the Covid-19 pandemic, the teaching during the block internship at the Department for Otorhinolaryngology was switched to digital learning. Various online courses were created and the utilisation by the students was analyzed. Material & methods: Examination videos, surgical images and videos were created and live lectures were held. In addition, patient cases of common otorhinolaryngological diseases were reconstructed on an interactive platform. A total of 16 cases were offered in weekly rotation. These cases are provided with gap texts, open and selection questions, links and videos and thematically appropriate digression offers. The time-consuming creation was carried out as a HTML 5 learning package with the authoring program Exelearning 2.5. Each case was to be evaluated separately after being worked on by the students. Results: The direct feedback and the evaluation results of the students on the internship and case presentations were consistently positive. However, on average only 50.72% of the registered students took part in the weekly video meetings. In the course of the semester, the willingness to participate decreased. In addition, the willingness to evaluate the patient cases was low. Discussion: With the case presentation tool, concrete patient examples can be well presented, especially when patient contact is not possible (especially in an ENT clinic due to violation of distance and hygienic rules). Even though the evaluations were positive in terms of content, the frequency of utilisation and also the motivation for feedback seems disappointing. This seems to be associated above all with an increasing return to everyday life after the end of the lockdown.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Computer-Assisted Instruction/methods , Education, Distance/organization & administration , Education, Medical/organization & administration , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases/physiopathology , Educational Measurement , Humans , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases/diagnosis , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases/therapy , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
8.
Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp (Engl Ed) ; 72(3): 190-194, 2021.
Article in English, Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-733672

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To describe how the ENT and Head and Neck departments of the HMM and HVC hospitals were managed during the COVID-19 state of alert and to analyse the results obtained to assess the usefulness of telephone consultations in our specialty. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From March 16, the ENT and Head and Neck departments of the HMM and HVC Hospitals began telephone consultations. Due to the disparity in the actions of the different department members, the decision was made to create a protocol to manage these consultations which started to be implemented March 23. RESULTS: During the study period, 1054 patients were attended in the consultations of both departments; 663 (62.9%) were first visits and 391 (37.10%) were successive visits. Twenty-one percent (229) of the consultations could be resolved by telephone, 10.82% (114) required face-to-face care, 57.40% (605) were indicated for an on-demand check-up depending on their disease course, and 10.05% (106) of the patients could not be reached by telephone. DISCUSSION: The state of alarm caused by COVID-19 has been a determining factor in how we undertake our care work. In the ENT and Head and Neck departments of the HMM and HVC Hospitals we decided to carry out consultations by telephone as an alternative to the traditional consultation. During this period, we have observed that up to 21.73% of the consultations could be dealt with by telephone. CONCLUSION: The telephone consultation seems to be a very useful tool to attend our patients avoiding the risk of COVID-19 infection during the state of alarm. Furthermore, according to the data analysed and the different studies, it seems a good alternative to the traditional consultation in selected patients.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases/diagnosis , Remote Consultation , Humans , Remote Consultation/statistics & numerical data
9.
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 164(1): 93-96, 2021 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-719525

ABSTRACT

To provide data on risk of respiratory droplets from common otolaryngologic procedures during the COVID-19 pandemic, a novel simulation of droplet exposure from flexible laryngoscopy was performed. After completion of a nasal symptom questionnaire, topical fluorescein spray was administered into the nasal and oropharynx of 10 healthy volunteers, who then underwent flexible laryngoscopy under 2 conditions: routine without provoked response and with prompted sneeze/cough. After each, droplets on the proceduralist and participant were counted under ultraviolet A light. Droplets were observed on 1 of 10 volunteers after routine laryngoscopy and 4 of 10 during laryngoscopy with sneeze/cough. A nasal symptom score based on congestion and rhinorrhea was significantly elevated among droplet producers after sneeze/cough (P = .0164). No droplets were observed on the provider. Overall, with adequate personal protective equipment, flexible laryngoscopy poses minimal droplet risk to providers. Nasal symptoms can identify patients more likely to produce droplets after sneeze/cough.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Disease Transmission, Infectious/prevention & control , Health Personnel , Laryngoscopy/adverse effects , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases/diagnosis , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/transmission , Comorbidity , Humans , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases/epidemiology , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases/therapy
10.
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 146(9): 851-856, 2020 Sep 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-693395

ABSTRACT

IMPORTANCE: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) reportedly infected otolaryngologists disproportionately in the early parts of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. Recommendations from national and international health organizations suggest minimizing the use of flexible laryngoscopy as a result. OBJECTIVE: To review evidence on the risks of aerosolization and transmission of SARS-CoV-2 from patients to health care personnel during endoscopy of the upper aerodigestive tract. EVIDENCE REVIEW: A comprehensive review of literature was performed on April 19, 2020, using the PubMed/MEDLINE (1966-April 2020), Embase (1975-April 2020), and Web of Science (1900-April 2020) databases. All English-language primary research studies were included if they assessed the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 or SARS-CoV-1 during procedures in the upper aerodigestive tract. The primary outcome measure was disease transmission among health care workers. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines were used for accuracy of reporting. FINDINGS: The queries for SARS-CoV-2 and SARS-CoV-1 identified 6 articles for systematic review. No studies included in this review provided data for SARS-CoV-2 transmission during flexible laryngoscopy. A total of 204 of 1264 health care workers (16.1%) had procedure-specific infections of SARS-CoV-1 or SARS-CoV-2. Among those, 53 of 221 (24.0%) were exposed during intubation, 1 of 15 (6.7%) during bronchoscopy, and 1 of 1 (100%) during endoscopy-assisted intubation. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: A substantial lack of research precludes formal conclusions about the safety of flexible laryngoscopy and transmission of SARS-CoV-2 from patients to health care workers. The use of appropriate precautionary measures and personal protective equipment appears to reduce the risk of transmission. Given the uncertainty in transmission and the known benefits of safety precautions, upper airway endoscopy may be reasonable to perform if precautionary steps are taken.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Disease Transmission, Infectious/statistics & numerical data , Laryngoscopy/adverse effects , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases/diagnosis , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/transmission , Risk Assessment/methods , COVID-19 , Comorbidity , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Global Health , Humans , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2
11.
Eur Ann Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Dis ; 137(4): 353-354, 2020 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-623718
12.
Eur Ann Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Dis ; 137(4): 251-256, 2020 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-612302

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the impact of the first month of lockdown related to the 2020 SARS-Cov-2 epidemic on the consulting activity of private ENT physicians in Réunion Island. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A multicenter prospective study analyzed the consulting activity of 12 ENT physicians in full-time private practice. The main endpoints were the number, characteristics and conditions of consultations. Secondary endpoints comprised presenting symptoms, diagnosis, prescriptions, adverse effects, and progression of monthly consulting turnover. RESULTS: Six hundred and ninety three consultations were performed during the study period (Appendix 1), with 50% emergency consultations. In 57.9% were face-to-face, 28.4% by phone and 13.7% video. In face-to-face consultation, the physician wore gloves in 53.8% of cases and a mask in 92.2%: surgical mask in 71.6% of cases and FFP2 in 28.4%. The three most frequent symptoms (48.5% of cases) were otalgia, hearing impairment, and vertigo. The three most frequent diagnoses (60.6% of cases) were otitis, intra-auricular foreign body (including wax), and pharyngeal infection. The three most frequently prescribed complementary exams (74.3% of cases) were imaging, hearing work-up, and specialist opinion. The three most frequently prescribed treatments (52.7% of cases) were intra-auricular drops, oral antibiotics, and nasal spray. The incidence of adverse effects was 0.001%. None of the physicians or patients seemed to have been infected by Covid-19 during the study period. There was a 47.3-91% (median, 75.6%) drop in monthly consultation turnover. CONCLUSION: The present study underscored the availability and adaptability of ENT physicians in the Réunion Island in an epidemic context, although economic impact was detrimental.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Otolaryngology , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Private Practice/statistics & numerical data , Quarantine/statistics & numerical data , COVID-19 , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases/diagnosis , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases/therapy , Pandemics , Prospective Studies , Reunion , Time Factors
13.
J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 49(1): 36, 2020 Jun 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-505665

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the virus responsible for Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has a predilection for infecting the mucosa of the upper and lower airways. Otolaryngologists and supporting health care workers (HCWs) are particularly at high risk of becoming infected while treating patients as many in-office procedures and surgeries are Aerosol Generating Medical Procedures (AGMP). Based on a review of the literature and various guidelines, recommendations are made to mitigate the risk to health care workers of becoming infected with SARS-CoV-2 while providing clinical care. RECOMMENDATIONS: During the COVID-19 pandemic all elective and non-time sensitive Otolaryngology procedures should be deferred to mitigate the risk of transmission of infection to HCWs. For non-AGMPs in all patients, even COVID-19 positive patients Level 1 PPE (surgical mask, gown, gloves and face shield or goggles) is sufficient. If local prevalence is favourable and patients are asymptomatic and test negative for SARS-CoV-2, Level 1 PPE can be used during short duration AGMPs, with limited risk of infected aerosol spread. For AGMPs in patients who test positive for SARS-CoV-2 a minimum of Level 2 PPE, with adequate protection of mucosal surfaces, is recommended (N95/FFP2 respirator, gown, double gloves, goggles or face shield and head cover). For long duration AGMPs that are deemed high-risk in COVID-19 positive patients, Level 3 PPE can provide a higher level of protection and be more comfortable during long duration surgeries if surgical hoods or PAPRs are used. It is recommended that these procedures are performed in negative pressure rooms, if available. It is essential to follow strict donning and doffing protocols to minimize the risk of contamination. CONCLUSIONS: By following strict infection prevention recommendations, the risk of HCWs becoming infected with SARS-CoV-2 while treating patients can be minimized. As the COVID-19 pandemic evolves rapidly, these recommendations should serve as guidance and need to be interpreted based on local factors and availability of healthcare resources.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Infection Control/standards , Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional/prevention & control , Otolaryngology/standards , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases/therapy , Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures/standards , Pneumonia, Viral/transmission , Aerosols/adverse effects , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Health Personnel/standards , Humans , Otolaryngology/organization & administration , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases/diagnosis , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Protective Devices/standards , SARS-CoV-2
14.
Eur Ann Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Dis ; 137(4): 303-308, 2020 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-276481

ABSTRACT

These best practice recommendations for ENT consultations during the COVID-19 pandemic have been drawn up because ENT examinations and treatments are at risk of contamination by the SARS-Cov-2 virus in certain instances. Thus, ENT specialists are among the professionals who are most exposed to this infection. During the pandemic, insofar as an asymptomatic patient may be infected and contagious, the same precautions must be employed whether the patient is ill with, suspected of having, or without any clinical evidence of COVID-19 infection. According to the scientific data available, the examinations and procedures potentially exposing to projections/aerosolizations of organic material of human origin are considered to be at risk of staff contamination. For ENT examinations and procedures without exposure to such projections/aerosolizations, the professional is advised to a long sleeve clean outfit, a surgical mask and gloves in case of contact with the patient's mucosa. ENT examinations and procedures with exposure to these projections/aerosolizations require the so-called "airborne", "contact", and "droplets" additional precautions: FFP2/N95 respiratory protection device, eye protection, disposable headwear and long sleeve overgown.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional/prevention & control , Otolaryngology/standards , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Practice Guidelines as Topic , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Humans , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases/diagnosis , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases/therapy , Pneumonia, Viral/transmission
15.
Eur Ann Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Dis ; 137(4): 309-314, 2020 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-229878

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this article is to give rhinologists advice on how to adapt their standard practice during the COVID-19 pandemic. The main goal of these recommendations is to protect healthcare workers against COVID-19 while continuing to provide emergency care so as to prevent loss of chance for patients. We reviewed our recommendations concerning consultations, medical prescriptions and surgical activity in rhinology.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional/prevention & control , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Decision Trees , Humans , Operating Rooms , Otolaryngology/standards , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases/diagnosis , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases/surgery , Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures , Pneumonia, Viral/transmission , Practice Guidelines as Topic
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