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1.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 29: e3502, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1533470

ABSTRACT

Objective: to verify the quality of life and eating habits of patients with obesity during the COVID-19 pandemic. Method: cross-sectional study with 68 outpatients, candidates for bariatric surgery, at university hospital in the Southern Brazil. Data collection was carried out by telephone, with questions about the profile of the participants and social distancing; questionnaires on quality of life and eating habits were also used. The data analysis, the logistic regression model, Spearman correlation, Mann-Whitney U and Student t-tests were used for independent samples. Results: the general quality of life was 57.03 points and the eating habit with the highest score was cognitive restraint (61.11 points). Most patients (72.1%) were socially distancing themselves and 27.9% had not changed their routine. The chance of isolation was 3.16 times greater for patients who were married. There is a positive correlation between the domains of the Quality of Life questionnaire and cognitive restraint from the questionnaire about eating habits. Conclusion: we found that the participants tended to have a better quality of life as cognitive restraint increased.


Objetivo: evaluar la calidad de vida y la conducta alimentaria de los pacientes con obesidad durante la pandemia de COVID-19. Método: estudio transversal con 68 pacientes atendidos en un servicio ambulatorio de cirugía bariátrica de un hospital universitario del sur de Brasil. La recolección de datos se realizó por vía telefónica, con preguntas sobre el perfil de los participantes y el distanciamiento social; también se utilizaron cuestionarios sobre calidad de vida y conducta alimentaria. Para el análisis de los datos se utilizó el modelo de regresión logística, la correlación de Spearman, las pruebas de la U de Mann-Whitney y la t de Student para muestras independientes. Resultados: la calidad de vida general fue de 57,03 puntos y la conducta alimentaria con mayor puntuación fue la restricción cognitiva (61,11 puntos). La mayoría de los pacientes (72,1%) mantenía el distanciamiento social y el 27,9% no habían cambiado la rutina. La probabilidad de adherir al aislamiento fue 3,16 veces mayor para los pacientes casados. Existe una correlación positiva entre los dominios del cuestionario de calidad de vida y la restricción cognitiva de las preguntas sobre la conducta asociada a los hábitos alimentarios. Conclusión: se verificó que los participantes tendían a tener una mejor calidad de vida a medida que aumentaba la restricción cognitiva.


Objetivo: verificar a qualidade de vida e o comportamento alimentar de pacientes com obesidade durante a pandemia por COVID-19. Método: estudo transversal com 68 pacientes atendidos em ambulatório de cirurgia bariátrica em hospital universitário do sul do Brasil. A coleta de dados foi realizada por telefone, com perguntas sobre o perfil dos participantes e o distanciamento social; também foram utilizados questionários de qualidade de vida e de comportamento alimentar. Para a análise de dados, foram utilizados o modelo de regressão logística, a correlação de Spearman e os testes U de Mann-Whitney e t de Student, para amostras independentes. Resultados: a qualidade de vida geral foi de 57,03 pontos e o comportamento alimentar que apresentou maior pontuação foi a restrição cognitiva (61,11 pontos). Grande parte dos pacientes (72,1%) estava fazendo distanciamento social e 27,9% não haviam mudado a rotina. A chance de fazer isolamento foi 3,16 vezes maior para os pacientes que estavam casados. Existe uma correlação positiva entre os domínios do questionário de qualidade de vida e a restrição cognitiva das perguntas sobre o comportamento associado ao hábito alimentar. Conclusão: verificou-se que os participantes apresentaram tendência em ter uma melhor qualidade de vida conforme a restrição cognitiva aumentava.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Outpatients , Patient Care Planning , Patient Isolation , Quality of Life , Behavior , Feeding Behavior , Physical Distancing , COVID-19 , Nursing Assessment , Obesity
6.
Zhongguo Fei Ai Za Zhi ; 23(3): 133-135, 2020 03 20.
Article in Chinese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1389585

ABSTRACT

In December 2019, China diagnosed the first patient with 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19), and the following development of the epidemic had a huge impact on China and the whole world. For patients with lung occupying lesions, the whole process of diagnosis and treatment can not be carried out as usual due to the epidemic. For thoracic surgeons, the timing of surgical intervention should be very carefully considered. All thoracic surgeons in China should work together to develop the proper procedures for the diagnosis and treatment in this special situation, and continuously update the recommendations based on epidemic changes and further understanding of COVID-19. Here, we only offer some preliminary suggestions based on our own knowledge for further reference and discussion.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Lung Diseases , Pneumonia, Viral , Thoracic Surgical Procedures , Betacoronavirus/pathogenicity , COVID-19 , China/epidemiology , Epidemics , Humans , Lung Diseases/diagnosis , Lung Diseases/surgery , Patient Care Planning , SARS-CoV-2
7.
Ann Fam Med ; 19(4): 365-367, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1311276

ABSTRACT

When the immediate threat of COVID-19 subsides, the future of health care will involve more virtual care. Before the pandemic, patient choice rather than clinician guidance determined which medium (telephone visits, video visits, electronic messaging) was used to receive care. Two media synchronicity theory principles-conveyance and convergence-can create a framework for determining how to choose the right medium of care for the patient. The author describes how it changed their practice and decision making with a patient story that required the use of multiple virtual care options.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/prevention & control , Communication , Telemedicine/methods , COVID-19/diagnosis , Child, Preschool , Cough/etiology , Dyspnea/etiology , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Office Visits , Patient Care Planning , Patient Preference , SARS-CoV-2 , Syphilis/diagnosis , Telephone , Text Messaging , Videoconferencing
8.
Cells ; 10(6)2021 06 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1259430

ABSTRACT

The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) gave rise to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. A strong correlation has been demonstrated between worse COVID-19 outcomes, aging, and metabolic syndrome (MetS), which is primarily derived from obesity-induced systemic chronic low-grade inflammation with numerous complications, including type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The majority of COVID-19 deaths occurs in people over the age of 65. Individuals with MetS are inclined to manifest adverse disease consequences and mortality from COVID-19. In this review, we examine the prevalence and molecular mechanisms underlying enhanced risk of COVID-19 in elderly people and individuals with MetS. Subsequently, we discuss current progresses in treating COVID-19, including the development of new COVID-19 vaccines and antivirals, towards goals to elaborate prophylactic and therapeutic treatment options in this vulnerable population.


Subject(s)
Aging/physiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19/therapy , Chemoprevention/trends , Metabolic Syndrome/therapy , Aging/drug effects , Aging/immunology , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/epidemiology , Chemoprevention/methods , History, 21st Century , Humans , Metabolic Syndrome/complications , Metabolic Syndrome/diagnosis , Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology , Patient Care Planning/trends , Prevalence , Prognosis , Severity of Illness Index , Vulnerable Populations
11.
Br J Hosp Med (Lond) ; 82(4): 1-6, 2021 Apr 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1207923

ABSTRACT

In view of the high morbidity and mortality associated with COVID-19, early and honest conversations with patients about goals of care are vital. Advance care planning in its traditional manner may be difficult to achieve given the unpredictability of the disease trajectory. Despite this, it is crucial that patients' care wishes are explored as this will help prevent inappropriate admissions to hospital and to critical care, improve symptom control and advocate for patient choice. This article provides practical tips on how to translate decisions around treatment escalation plans into conversations, both face-to-face and over the phone, in a sensitive and compassionate manner. Care planning conversations for patients with COVID-19 should be individualised and actively involve the patient. Focusing on goals of care rather than ceilings of treatment can help to alleviate anxiety around these conversations and will remind patients that their care will never cease. Using a framework such as the 'SPIKES' mnemonic can help to structure this conversation. Verbally conveying empathy will be key, particularly when wearing personal protective equipment or speaking to relatives over the phone. It is also important to make time to recognise your own emotions during and/or after these conversations.


Subject(s)
Advance Care Planning/organization & administration , COVID-19/epidemiology , Communication , Terminal Care/organization & administration , Advance Care Planning/standards , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/standards , Empathy , Humans , Patient Care Planning , Personal Protective Equipment , SARS-CoV-2 , Telephone , Terminal Care/standards
12.
J Pain Symptom Manage ; 62(4): 691-698, 2021 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1164114

ABSTRACT

CONTEXT: Advance care planning (ACP) conversations represent an important physician skill, a need further highlighted by the COVID-19 pandemic. Most resident ACP training occurs in inpatient, settings, often featuring goals of care (GOC) conversations during a crisis. Outpatient clinics are valuable but underutilized settings to provide skills training for residents, yet little research has been done in these spaces. OBJECTIVE: We sought to 1) create an ACP curriculum harnessing the principles of a community of practice in a virtual format, and 2) obtain residents' perspectives regarding their skills and confidence in having early GOC conversations in the outpatient setting. METHODS: We interviewed 48 internal medicine residents using questionnaires, reflective narratives, and transcripts of debriefing conversations. We created a virtual curriculum during the ambulatory week which included didactics, virtual role plays, ACP phone conversations with five patients, and group debriefings. Quantitative data were analyzed for changes in resident confidence. Qualitative data were coded using thematic analysis, guided by instructor field notes. RESULTS: Residents reported decreased confidence in navigating advance directive conversations following training [Z=2.24, P=0.03, r = 0.33]. Resident reflections indicated that they felt more practiced at inpatient late GOC conversation skills, and that these skills were not fully transferable to the outpatient early GOC setting. Residents also endorsed the ambulatory environment as the best space for ACP conversations. CONCLUSION: This study illustrates the feasibility of a virtual format for ACP curriculum. The virtual community of practice created space for a metacognitive unmasking of prior resident unconscious incompetence. Also, inpatient, crisis-oriented late GOC conversation skills may translate poorly to the outpatient setting requiring early and ongoing GOC skills. Residents need more training to navigate ACP conversations in ambulatory environments.


Subject(s)
Advance Care Planning , COVID-19 , Internship and Residency , Telemedicine , Communication , Humans , Pandemics , Patient Care Planning , SARS-CoV-2
13.
J Microbiol Immunol Infect ; 54(3): 349-358, 2021 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1157513

ABSTRACT

The radiology department was categorized as a "high risk area" during the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak in 2003 and is similarly considered a "high risk area" during the current coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. The purpose of infection control is to isolate patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 from uninfected people by utilizing separate equipment, spaces, and healthcare workers. Infection control measures should be prioritized to prevent the nosocomial spread of infection. We established a COVID-19 infection control team in our radiology department. The team's responsibilities include triaging patients with confirmed or suspected COVID-19, performing imaging and reporting, using dedicated equipment, disinfecting the equipment and the immediate environment, and staff scheduling.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/prevention & control , Cross Infection/prevention & control , Infection Control/methods , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Radiology Department, Hospital/organization & administration , Health Personnel , Humans , Patient Care/methods , Patient Care Planning , Patient Safety , Personal Protective Equipment/standards , Personnel Staffing and Scheduling/organization & administration , Program Evaluation
14.
J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci ; 76(4): e225-e229, 2021 03 14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1132499

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The current study aims to explore person-centered communication between health care professionals and COVID-19-infected older patients in acute care settings. METHODS: The current qualitative study explored the communication between professionals and COVID-19-infected older adults in the acute care setting through 2 rounds of interviews with physicians and nurses who provided direct care and treatment for COVID-19-infected older patients in Wuhan, China. We explored the possibilities and significance of facilitating effective communication despite multiple challenges in the pandemic. Conventional content analysis was adopted to analyze the rich data collected from our participants. RESULTS: It is possible and necessary to initiate and sustain person-centered communication despite multiple challenges brought by the pandemic. The achievement of person-centered communication can play significant roles in addressing challenges, building mutual trust, improving quality of care and relationships, and promoting treatment adherence and patients' psychological well-being. DISCUSSION: It is challenging for health care professionals to provide care for COVID-19-infected older adults, especially for those with cognitive and sensory impairment, in acute care settings. Facilitating person-centered communication is a significant strategy in responding to the pandemic crisis and a core element of person-centered care.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/therapy , Hospitals, Public/organization & administration , Patient Care Planning/organization & administration , Patient-Centered Care/organization & administration , Professional-Patient Relations , Aged , COVID-19/epidemiology , China , Communication , Female , Humans , Male , Personhood , Qualitative Research
15.
J Perioper Pract ; 31(4): 147-152, 2021 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1125675

ABSTRACT

The effect of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 pandemic on the National Health Service in the United Kingdom has been profound and unprecedented with suspension of most elective surgeries. As we are emerging from lockdown now, restarting elective surgical procedures in a safe and effective manner is an expected challenge. Many perioperative factors including patient prioritisation, risk assessment, health infrastructure and infection prevention strategies need to be considered for patient safety. The British Orthopaedic Association, along with the National Health Service, have provided recent guidelines for restarting non-urgent and orthopaedic care in the United Kingdom. In this article we review the current guidelines and literature to provide some clarity for clinical practice.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/nursing , Elective Surgical Procedures/nursing , Orthopedic Procedures/nursing , Patient Care Planning/organization & administration , Perioperative Care/nursing , Recovery of Function , Guideline Adherence , Humans , Patient Safety , Practice Patterns, Physicians' , Risk Assessment , United Kingdom
17.
J Geriatr Oncol ; 12(7): 995-999, 2021 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1096060

ABSTRACT

Rapid expansion of telemedicine is one of the transformative healthcare consequences of the COVID pandemic. As a result, telemedicine has allowed clinicians to address the needs of older adults with cancer, who faced the highest risks from COVID, while maintaining safety at home. In light of the COVID experience, which is an important source of learning, this article provides guidance on approaches to enhance telemedicine-enabled supportive care for the geriatric cancer patient.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Telemedicine , Aged , Humans , Pandemics , Patient Care Planning , SARS-CoV-2
18.
Prof Case Manag ; 26(2): 62-69, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1087857

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Since the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), and the disease known as COVID-19, case management has emerged as a critical intervention in the treatment of cases, particularly for patients with severe symptoms and medical complications. In addition, case managers have been on the front lines of the response across the health care spectrum to reduce risks of contagion, including among health care workers. The purpose of this article is to discuss the case management response, highlighting the importance of individual care plans to provide access to the right care and treatment at the right time to address both the consequences of the disease and patient comorbidities. PRIMARY PRACTICE SETTINGS: The COVID-19 response spans the full continuum of health and human services, including acute care, subacute care, workers' compensation (especially catastrophic case management), home health, primary care, and community-based care. IMPLICATIONS FOR CASE MANAGEMENT PRACTICE: From the earliest days of the pandemic, case managers have assumed an important role on the front lines of the medical response to COVID-19, ensuring that procedures are in place for managing a range of patients: those who were symptomatic but able to self-isolate and care for themselves at home; those who had serious symptoms and needed to be hospitalized; and those who were asymptomatic and needed to be educated about the importance of self-isolating. Across the care spectrum, individualized responses to the clinical and psychosocial needs of patients with COVID-19 in acute care, subacute care, home health, and other outpatient settings have been guided by the well-established case management process of screening, assessing, planning, implementing, following up, transitioning, and evaluating. In addition, professional case managers are guided by values such as advocacy, ensuring access to the right care and treatment at the right time; autonomy, respecting the right to self-determination; and justice, promoting fairness and equity in access to resources and treatment. The value of justice also addresses the sobering reality that people from racial and ethnic minority groups are at an increased risk of getting sick and dying from COVID-19. Going forward, case management will continue to play a major role in supporting patients with COVID-19, in both inpatient and outpatient settings, with telephonic follow-up and greater use of telehealth.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/nursing , Case Management/standards , Critical Care Nursing/education , Health Personnel/education , Health Personnel/psychology , Patient Care Planning/standards , Patient-Centered Care/standards , Adult , Case Management/statistics & numerical data , Curriculum , Education, Nursing, Continuing , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Patient Care Planning/statistics & numerical data , Patient-Centered Care/statistics & numerical data , Practice Guidelines as Topic , SARS-CoV-2
20.
J Pain Symptom Manage ; 62(1): 197-201, 2021 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1083634

ABSTRACT

CONTEXT: The three-Act Model, a narrative approach to goals of care (GOC) discussions centered on patients' individual stories, has proven to be effective as measured by objective skill improvement among medical trainees. This study describes the adaptation of the in-person curriculum to a streamlined, online format, in the setting of the Covid19 pandemic. We hypothesized that high levels of skill proficiency and learner satisfaction observed in previous in-person cohorts would be sustained amongst trainees in the online setting. OBJECTIVE: Our primary aim was to assess the skills proficiency of a cohort of internal medicine interns undergoing online training for GOC discussions with the three-Act Model. Our secondary goal was to assess learners' satisfaction with the prerecorded didactic video and online role plays. METHODS: Our team used REDCap for the data collection, and as the user-facing hub for learners to access didactic video content and for submitting surveys. We used Zoom to host synchronous discussions and role-play sessions. Trainers used the previously validated Goals of Care Assessment Tool (GCAT) to objectively rate intern proficiency in two role plays each. RESULTS: Twenty-one internal medicine interns began the training; 20 completed the training and were assessed using the GCAT. All but one intern who completed the training (19 of 20, 95%) achieved proficiency in leading a GOC discussion as measured objectively using the GCAT. Learner satisfaction was high: 1) 100% of respondents recommended the training to others as a "good" (26.7%) or "outstanding" experience (73.3%); 2) 93.3% were "satisfied" or "very satisfied" using a online, distance-learning format for the prerecorded didactic component; 3) 80% were "satisfied" or "very satisfied" using an online, distance-learning format for the role-play component; and 4) 93.3% were content with the number of role plays. The amount of time dedicated to this training decreased compared to prior years when done in person (six hours) - to four hours and 40 minutes for learners and under four hours for trainers. CONCLUSION: After completing the adapted online three-Act Model training, nearly all learners were scored to be proficient in GOC communication skills and reported high satisfaction with the online curriculum. Achieving high quality more efficiently represents genuine educational value. Further, these online teaching results show that the three-Act Model training can be delivered to geographically distanced learners.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Internship and Residency , Clinical Competence , Curriculum , Humans , Narration , Patient Care Planning , SARS-CoV-2
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