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Prof Case Manag ; 26(2): 62-69, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1087857


PURPOSE: Since the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), and the disease known as COVID-19, case management has emerged as a critical intervention in the treatment of cases, particularly for patients with severe symptoms and medical complications. In addition, case managers have been on the front lines of the response across the health care spectrum to reduce risks of contagion, including among health care workers. The purpose of this article is to discuss the case management response, highlighting the importance of individual care plans to provide access to the right care and treatment at the right time to address both the consequences of the disease and patient comorbidities. PRIMARY PRACTICE SETTINGS: The COVID-19 response spans the full continuum of health and human services, including acute care, subacute care, workers' compensation (especially catastrophic case management), home health, primary care, and community-based care. IMPLICATIONS FOR CASE MANAGEMENT PRACTICE: From the earliest days of the pandemic, case managers have assumed an important role on the front lines of the medical response to COVID-19, ensuring that procedures are in place for managing a range of patients: those who were symptomatic but able to self-isolate and care for themselves at home; those who had serious symptoms and needed to be hospitalized; and those who were asymptomatic and needed to be educated about the importance of self-isolating. Across the care spectrum, individualized responses to the clinical and psychosocial needs of patients with COVID-19 in acute care, subacute care, home health, and other outpatient settings have been guided by the well-established case management process of screening, assessing, planning, implementing, following up, transitioning, and evaluating. In addition, professional case managers are guided by values such as advocacy, ensuring access to the right care and treatment at the right time; autonomy, respecting the right to self-determination; and justice, promoting fairness and equity in access to resources and treatment. The value of justice also addresses the sobering reality that people from racial and ethnic minority groups are at an increased risk of getting sick and dying from COVID-19. Going forward, case management will continue to play a major role in supporting patients with COVID-19, in both inpatient and outpatient settings, with telephonic follow-up and greater use of telehealth.

COVID-19/nursing , Case Management/standards , Critical Care Nursing/education , Health Personnel/education , Health Personnel/psychology , Patient Care Planning/standards , Patient-Centered Care/standards , Adult , Case Management/statistics & numerical data , Curriculum , Education, Nursing, Continuing , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Patient Care Planning/statistics & numerical data , Patient-Centered Care/statistics & numerical data , Practice Guidelines as Topic , SARS-CoV-2
Am J Hosp Palliat Care ; 37(11): 980-984, 2020 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-659864


As the spread of the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) continues worldwide, health care systems are facing increased demand with concurrent health care provider shortages. This increase in patient demand and potential for provider shortages is particularly apparent for palliative medicine, where there are already shortages in the provision of this care. In response to the developing pandemic, our Geriatrics and Palliative (GAP) Medicine team formulated a 2-team approach which includes triage algorithms for palliative consults as well as acute symptomatic management for both patients diagnosed with or under investigation (PUI) for COVID-19. These algorithms provided a delineated set of guidelines to triage patients in need of palliative services and included provisions for acute symptoms management and the protection of both the patient care team and the families of patients with COVID-19. These guidelines helped with streamlining care in times of crisis, providing care to those in need, supporting frontline staff with primary-level palliative care, and minimizing the GAP team's risk of infection and burnout during the rapidly changing pandemic response.

Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Palliative Care/methods , Pandemics , Patient Care Planning , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , Triage/methods , Algorithms , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Health Services Accessibility , Humans , Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional/prevention & control , Palliative Care/standards , Pandemics/prevention & control , Patient Care Planning/standards , Patient Care Team , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , SARS-CoV-2