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2.
Perm J ; 27(2): 160-168, 2023 06 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20242879

ABSTRACT

Perioperative care delivery is a patient-centered, multidisciplinary process. It relies heavily on synchronized teamwork from a well-coordinated team. Perioperative physicians-surgeons and anesthesiologists-face enormous challenges in surgical care delivery due to changing work environments, post-COVID consequences, shift work disorder, value conflict, escalating demands, regulatory complexity, and financial uncertainties. Physician burnout in this working environment has become increasingly prevalent. It is not only harmful to physicians' health and well-being, but it also affects the quality and safety of patient care. Additionally, the economic costs associated with physician burnout are untenable due to the high turnover rate, high recruitment expenses, and potential early permanent exit from medical practice. In this deteriorating environment of unbalanced physician supply/demand, recognizing, managing, and preventing physician burnout may help preserve the system's most valuable asset and contribute to higher quality and safety of patient care. Leaders in government agencies, health care systems, and organizations must work together to re-engineer the health care system for better physicians and patient care.


Subject(s)
Burnout, Professional , COVID-19 , Perioperative Medicine , Physicians , Humans , Burnout, Professional/prevention & control , Burnout, Psychological , Patient Care , Quality of Health Care
3.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e21425, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-2328188

ABSTRACT

Abstract The University Pharmacy Program (FU), from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), was created based on the need to offer a curricular internship to students of the Undergraduate Course at the Faculty of Pharmacy. Currently, it is responsible for the care of about 200 patients/day, offering vacancies for curricular internships for students in the Pharmacy course, it has become a reference in the manipulation of many drugs neglected by the pharmaceutical industry and provides access to medicines for low-income users playing an important social function. Research is one of the pillars of FU-UFRJ and several master and doctoral students use the FU research laboratory in the development of dissertations and theses. As of 2002, the Pharmaceutical Care extension projects started to guarantee a rational and safe pharmacotherapy for the medicine users. From its beginning in 1982 until the current quarantine due to the COVID-19 pandemic, FU-UFRJ has been adapting to the new reality and continued to provide patient care services, maintaining its teaching, research, and extension activities. The FU plays a relevant social role in guaranteeing the low-income population access to special and neglected medicines, and to pharmaceutical and education services in health promotion.


Subject(s)
Pharmacy/classification , Education, Pharmacy , COVID-19/classification , Patients/classification , Pharmaceutical Services/history , Teaching/ethics , Pharmaceutical Preparations/supply & distribution , Patient Care/ethics
4.
J Assoc Physicians India ; 71(3): 11-12, 2023 Mar.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2326841

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Prolonged use of N95 masks by healthcare workers might affect physical health due to mask-related hypoxia in addition to the psychological effects of N95 masks. We tried to explore the association of N95 mask-related hypoxia and headache with stress, quality of sleep, and anxiety in the current study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample (N = 78) consisted of 41 doctors and 37 nurses involved in COVID-19 patient care and using N95 masks with or without PPE for at least 4 hours. Perceived stress scale (PSS), Coronavirus anxiety scale (CAS), and Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) were administered, and physical parameters like heart rate and oxygen saturation (SpO2) were measured. RESULTS: Around 42% of the study participants experienced headaches after wearing an N95 mask and had a higher increase in heart rate (mean percent:10.5% vs 6.3%) and decline in SpO2 (mean percent: 2.6% vs 1.5%) compared to those who didn't develop a headache after N95 mask use. Independent samples t-test showed a mean difference for PSS and CAS between those who experienced headaches and those who didn't. The mean PSQI scores among the study participants were 8.91 ± 5.78; the score among those participants with and without headache was 10.57 ± 3.11 and 7.68 ± 2.53, respectively. CONCLUSION: Perceived corona anxiety, poor sleep quality, and corona anxiety are associated with N95-related headaches and SpO2 drop among health professionals who wear N95 masks for at least 4 hours.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Tension-Type Headache , Humans , N95 Respirators , Sleep Quality , Masks/adverse effects , Headache/etiology , Hypoxia/etiology , Patient Care , Health Personnel , Anxiety/etiology
5.
Scand J Caring Sci ; 37(2): 350-363, 2023 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2322670

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In this study, we investigate how socio-demographic characteristics (age, gender and education) and informal care relationship characteristics (e.g., time spent on care, number of informal caregivers, professional care) are linked with informal care burden during the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, we expect this burden to differ by personality characteristics, degree of resilience, and-in this specific context-perceived the COVID-19 threat. METHOD: We used the fifth wave of a longitudinal study to identify 258 informal caregivers. These online survey data came from a five-wave longitudinal study in Flanders, Belgium that ran from April 2020 to April 2021. Data were representative of the adult population by age and gender. Analyses include t-tests, ANOVA, SEM and binomial logistic regression. RESULTS: We found that the informal care burden was strongly linked with a socio-economic gradient, time investment changes in care since the start of the pandemic, and whether there was more than one informal caregiver. Personality traits such as agreeableness and openness to experience, and the perceived threat of COVID-19 were also related to care burden. CONCLUSIONS: During the pandemic, informal caregivers were put under extra considerable pressure: restrictive government measures sometimes led to the temporary suspension of some or all professional care for persons with care needs, which may have resulted in a growing psychosocial burden. We recommend that, in the future, the focus should be on supporting the mental wellbeing and social participation of caregivers along with measures to protect caregivers and their relatives from COVID-19. Support structures for informal caregivers should be kept running during crises now and in the future, but it is also important to adopt a case-by-case basis to consider support for informal caregivers.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Adult , Humans , Caregiver Burden , Belgium/epidemiology , Longitudinal Studies , COVID-19/epidemiology , Patient Care , Caregivers/psychology , Personality
6.
Clin Med (Lond) ; 23(2): 188-189, 2023 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2319376

ABSTRACT

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of death worldwide, accounting for one-third of global mortality. Prediabetes increases the risk of CVDs as well as several other conditions, yet people with prediabetes may not seek intervention, thinking that they do not have diabetes, as the risk of progression may have not been emphasised by the healthcare professional. Accumulating evidence indicates that hyperglycaemia represents a continuum of CVD risk and dichotomising the risk into type 2 diabetes and prediabetes may deter early clinical intervention. It is proffered that the term 'prediabetes' is a misnomer that may disguise a serious condition, fostering complacency and undermining its prognostic significance.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Hyperglycemia , Prediabetic State , Humans , Hyperglycemia/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Blood Glucose , Prediabetic State/therapy , Prediabetic State/complications , Patient Care , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Risk Factors
7.
Br J Nurs ; 32(9): 412-419, 2023 May 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2317367

ABSTRACT

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and the disease it causes (COVID-19) has proven to be the greatest challenge to modern global health care, infecting more than 450 million people worldwide and responsible for just over 6 million deaths. Over the past 2 years there have been major advances in the treatment of COVID-19, including a significant reduction in the number of individuals developing severe symptoms, since the introduction of COVID-19 vaccines and the advances in pharmacological treatments. However, for those individuals who become infected with COVID-19 and develop acute respiratory failure, the use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) continues to be an essential management strategy that reduces mortality risk and the need for invasive mechanical ventilation. Without any standard regional or national guidelines on CPAP initiation and up-titration during the pandemic, a protocol proforma was devised for use in the author's clinical area. This was particularly useful for staff caring for seriously ill COVID-19 patients who were unfamiliar with providing CPAP. It is hoped that this article will contribute to the knowledge base of nurses and may encourage them to create a similar proforma for use in their clinical area.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Respiratory Insufficiency , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure , COVID-19 Vaccines , Respiratory Insufficiency/etiology , Respiratory Insufficiency/therapy , Patient Care
8.
BMJ Open ; 13(5): e062321, 2023 05 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2317064

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To describe the experiences of nephrologists on caring for patients undergoing in-centre haemodialysis during the COVID-19 pandemic in Latin America. DESIGN: Twenty-five semistructured interviews were conducted by Zoom videoconference in English and Spanish languages during 2020 until data saturation. Using thematic analysis, we conducted line-by-line coding to inductively identify themes. SETTING: 25 centres across nine countries in Latin America. PARTICIPANTS: Nephrologists (17 male and 8 female) were purposively sampled to include diverse demographic characteristics and clinical experience. RESULTS: We identified five themes: shock and immediate mobilisation for preparedness (overwhelmed and distressed, expanding responsibilities to manage COVID-19 infection and united for workforce resilience); personal vulnerability (being infected with COVID-19 and fear of transmitting COVID-19 to family); infrastructural susceptibility of dialysis units (lacking resources and facilities for quarantine, struggling to prevent cross-contamination, and depletion of personal protective equipment and cleaning supplies); helplessness and moral distress (being forced to ration life-sustaining equipment and care, being concerned about delayed and shortened dialysis sessions, patient hesitancy to attend to dialysis sessions, being grieved by socioeconomic disparities, deterioration of patients with COVID-19, harms of isolation and inability to provide kidney replacement therapy); and fostering innovative delivery of care (expanding use of telehealth, increasing uptake of PD and shifting focus on preventing syndemics). CONCLUSION: Nephrologists felt personally and professionally vulnerable and reported feeling helpless and morally distressed because they doubted their capacity to provide safe care for patients undergoing dialysis. Better availability and mobilisation of resources and capacities to adapt models of care, including telehealth and home-based dialysis, are urgently needed.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Renal Dialysis , Humans , Male , Female , Nephrologists , Latin America/epidemiology , Pandemics , COVID-19/therapy , Qualitative Research , Patient Care
9.
Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp (Engl Ed) ; 74(3): 148-159, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2310784

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The care of tracheostomized patients are high risk skills and low incidence. Strategies for improvement of health care in hospital wards and specialties other than otolaryngology based solely on training have not been able to offer an adequate solution. A tracheostomized patient unit is presented directed by the otolaryngology service to attend all tracheostomized hospitalised patients of all specialties. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Background: Third level public hospital with 876 hospitalisation beds and 30 ICU beds for 481,296 inhabitants. Unit model: Transversal unit for the hospital providing attention to all tracheostomized patients, adults, and children, of all specialties, with dedication of 50% of a ENT nurse of hospitalisation that moves to the hospitalisation bed of the specialty of each patient and 50% of another office ENT nurse for ambulatory patients care, with the consultancy of an ENT specialist and coordinated by the ENT supervisor. RESULTS: 572 patients between 2016 and 2021, 80% men, aged 63 ± 14 years, were attended in the Unit. 14.7 ± 2 tracheostomized patients daily and 96 ± 4 complication annual consultations were attended, rising up to 19 tracheostomized patients daily by 2020 and 141 ± 8.4 consultations by complications in 2020 and 2021, during the COVID-19 pandemic. The mean stay of the non-ENT specialties was reduced in 13 days, increasing the satisfaction of the ENT and non-ENT professionals and the satisfaction of the users. CONCLUSIONS: A Tracheostomized Patient Care Unit proactively directed from the Otorhinolaryngology Service to transversally care for all tracheostomized patients improves the quality of health care by reducing stay, complications, and emergencies. Improves the satisfaction of non-otolaryngological professionals by reducing the anxiety of facing care of patients who lack knowledge and experience and that of ENT specialists and nurses by reducing unplanned extemporaneous demands for care. Improves user satisfaction by perceiving adequate continuity of care. The Otorhinolaryngology Services provide their experience in the management of laryngectomized and tracheostomized patients and in teamwork with other specialists and professionals without the need to create new structures outside Otorhinolaryngology.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Otolaryngology , Male , Adult , Child , Humans , Female , Tracheostomy , Pandemics , Patient Care , Hospitals, Public
10.
J Korean Acad Nurs ; 53(1): 87-100, 2023 Feb.
Article in Korean | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2309288

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to develop a nursing simulation learning module for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patient-care and examine its effects on clinical reasoning competence, clinical competence, performance confidence, and anxiety in COVID-19 patient care for nursing students. METHODS: A non-equivalent control group pre- and post-test design was employed. The study participants included 47 nursing students (23 in the experimental group and 24 in the control group) from G City. A simulation learning module for COVID-19 patient-care was developed based on the Jeffries simulation model. The module consisted of a briefing, simulation practice, and debriefing. The effects of the simulation module were measured using clinical reasoning competence, clinical competence, performance confidence, and anxiety in COVID-19 patient-care. Data were analyzed using χ²-test, Fisher's exact test, t-test, Wilcoxon signed-rank test, and Mann-Whitney U test. RESULTS: The levels of clinical reasoning competence, clinical competence, and performance confidence of the experimental group were significantly higher than that of the control group, and the level of anxiety was significantly low after simulation learning. CONCLUSION: The nursing simulation learning module for COVID-19 patient-care is more effective than the traditional method in terms of improving students' clinical reasoning competence, clinical competence, and performance confidence, and reducing their anxiety. The module is expected to be useful for educational and clinical environments as an effective teaching and learning strategy to empower nursing competency and contribute to nursing education and clinical changes.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Education, Nursing, Baccalaureate , Students, Nursing , Humans , Clinical Competence , Anxiety , Patient Care , Education, Nursing, Baccalaureate/methods
11.
Int J Public Health ; 68: 1605640, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2294369

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Compare patient selection and postoperative outcomes after surgical treatment for gastrointestinal disorders before and during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Methods: We assessed gastrointestinal surgeries conducted at a tertiary center from 2017-2021 for differences in patient populations and procedures before (up to February 2020) and during the pandemic (March 2020 to December 2021). We analyzed mortality, Intensive Care Unit (ICU) length of stay, admission to ICU and postoperative complications for complex procedures using descriptive statistics and regression models. Results: 7309 procedures were analyzed, showing a caseload reduction in March and October 2020, but no statistical evidence for fewer overall procedures overall. Population characteristics differed with lower Body Mass Indices in 2020 and 2021, more patients smoking and with diabetes treated in 2020. There was no increased mortality, ICU length of stay and in 1,144 complex procedures assessed low overall morbidity at 90 days postoperative. Conclusion: Delivering surgical care while treating patients for COVID-19 in the same hospital was safe. Healthcare officials should consider continuing surgical care during future health crises as consequences of limiting surgical treatment for gastrointestinal disorders may be fatal for patients.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , Tertiary Care Centers , Patient Selection , SARS-CoV-2 , Patient Care , Length of Stay , Retrospective Studies
12.
Más Vita ; 4(2): 120-126, jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-2259851

ABSTRACT

La atención de salud en domicilio es un servicio que brindan los profesionales sanitarios en los hogares de los pacientes en tiempos de pandemia por Covid-19; este servicio sufrió alteraciones en su proceso desde la planificación hasta la atención. Objetivo: Describir el proceso de atención medica a domicilio en pacientes con covid-19. Materiales y Método: Con el objetivo de describir el proceso de atención médica en domicilio a pacientes con Covid-19, se realiza el presente artículo elaborado como una revisión bibliográfica; de un nivel de investigación tipo descriptivo en donde se realizó un análisis sistemático de los documentos encontrados en la web. Resultados: Se encontraron estudios relacionados, donde indican que las visitas domiciliarias a personas con Covid-19 y se priorizó la identificación temprana de los signos de peligro. Conclusión: A pesar del riesgo de contagio de los profesionales de salud, continuaron realizando las visitas domiciliarias brindando una atención médica adecuada(AU)


Home health care is a service provided by health professionals in patients' homes in times of the Covid-19 pandemic; This service suffered changes in its process from planning to care. Objective: To describe the process of home health care in patients with covid-19Materials and Method: With the aim of describing the process of medical care at home for patients with Covid-19, this article is prepared as a bibliographic review; of a descriptive type research level where a systematic analysis of the documents found on the web was carried out. Results: Related studies were found, indicating that home visits to people with Covid-19 and early identification of danger signs were prioritized. Conclusion: Despite the risk of infection of health professionals, they continued to make home visits providing adequate medical care(AU)


Subject(s)
Medical Care , COVID-19 , House Calls , Signs and Symptoms , Delivery of Health Care , Patient Care
13.
Front Public Health ; 11: 1057396, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2273566

ABSTRACT

Background: Families of individuals hospitalized in an intensive care unit (ICU) with severe illnesses, such as COVID-19, are experiencing a range of physical and emotional stressors. Identifying the challenges faced by family members and providing support to loved ones battling life-threatening diseases can lead to improved treatment and care for the said family members in a healthcare setting. Aim: The current study was conducted to explore and understand the experiences of family caregivers caring for their loved ones battling COVID-19 in an ICU. Methods: This descriptive qualitative study was conducted from January 2021 to February 2022, based on the experiences of 12 family caregivers of patients with COVID-19 hospitalized in the ICU. Data collection was conducted through purposeful sampling using semi-structured interviews. MAXQDA10 software was used for data management, and conventional content analysis was used for qualitative data analysis. Results: The present study conducted interviews with caregivers to understand their experiences while caring for a loved one in an ICU. Three main themes emerged from the analysis of these interviews: hardship of care trajectory, pre-loss mourning, and contributing factors in resolving family health crises. The first theme, the hardship of care trajectories, encompasses categories such as immersion in the unknown, lack of care facilities, negligence in care, neglect of families by healthcare providers, self-ignorance, and perceived stigma. The second these was pre-loss mourning that included some categories such as emotional and psychological turmoil, witnessing the exhaustion of loved ones, separation suffering, the fearing of loss, anticipatory grief, blame related to the disease causative agents, and perceived helplessness and despair. The third theme was contributing factors in resolving family health crises that included categories of the critical role of family caregivers in health engagement, the role of healthcare professionals in health engagement, and the role of interpersonal factors in health engagement. A total of 80 subcategories were also obtained based on the experiences of the family caregivers. Conclusion: This study's findings indicate that families can play an important role in resolving their loved ones' health problems in life-threatening situations such as the COVID-19 pandemic. Moreover, healthcare providers must recognize and prioritize family-based care and trust the families' ability to effectively manage health crises. Healthcare providers should also be attentive to the needs of both the patient and their family members.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Caregivers , Humans , Caregivers/psychology , Pandemics , Intensive Care Units , Patient Care
14.
Soc Work Health Care ; 62(2-4): 59-72, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2276596

ABSTRACT

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, a team of faculty from dietetics, nursing, pharmacy, and social work converted a long-standing effective Interprofessional Team Care Clinic (IPTCC) at two outpatient health centers to a telehealth clinic during 2020 and 2021. Preliminary data suggest that this pilot telehealth clinic for patients with diabetes or prediabetes was effective in significantly lowering average hemoglobin A1C levels and increasing students' perceived interprofessional skills. This article describes the pilot telehealth interprofessional model used to educate students and provide patient care, outlines preliminary data about its effectiveness, and makes recommendations for future research and practice.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Diabetes Mellitus , Students, Health Occupations , Telemedicine , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , Pandemics , Patient Care , Diabetes Mellitus/therapy , Interprofessional Relations
15.
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med ; 31(1): 106-111, 2023 Jan 15.
Article in Russian | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2281249

ABSTRACT

The important direction of the National Project "Health Care" are improvement of primary health care system, including introduction of hospital-replacing technologies.The purpose of the study is to evaluate functioning of hospital-substituting form of home medical care (home hospitals) to population of the Russian Federation in 2006-2020.The normative legal documents regulating activities of stationary-substituting form of home medical care (home hospitals) for adults and children, reporting forms of sectoral statistical observation № 14ds for 2006-2018 were analyzed. In 2019-2020, unified data on functioning of day hospitals and home hospitals and composition of patients treated there of medical organizations providing medical care on out-patient basis was filled in form № 14ds. The in-depth analysis permitted to extract information about activities of home hospitals for adults and children and to study their functioning in dynamics for 15 years. The content analysis, statistical and analytical methods were applied.The examination of data for 2006-2020 established increasing of number of treated adult patients in home hospitals up to 27.9% and children up to 15.0%.The distribution of the number of treated adults and children in hospitals at home per 1000 of the corresponding population by subjects indicates their significant fluctuation.For 15 years, it has been established that in the structure of treated adult patients, the proportion of people with diseases of the circulatory system has decreased from 62.2 to 31.5%, the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue - from 11.7 to 7.4%; in children - with respiratory diseases from 81.9 to 63.4%, some infectious and parasitic diseases - from 7.7 to 3.0%, diseases of the digestive system - from 3.6 to 3.2%.In the country for 2019-2020 in hospitals at home, the number of treated adults significantly increased by 1.8 times, children - by 2.3 times, the composition of those treated has changed, which is associated with the treatment of patients with a new coronavirus infection COVID-19 in them under conditions re-profiling of the majority of medical organizations into infectious diseases hospitals.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Child , Adult , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/therapy , Hospitals , Russia/epidemiology , Delivery of Health Care , Patient Care
16.
Res Social Adm Pharm ; 19(6): 944-955, 2023 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2286394

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Community pharmacists were the face of the health response to the unprecedented COVID-19 pandemic. Their pivotal role during the pandemic has been widely recognized, as they adapted to continue to provide a higher level of care to their patients. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of frontline pharmacists' lived experiences of the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on their roles. METHODS: Photovoice, a visual research method that uses participant-generated photographs to articulate their experiences, was used with semi-structured interviews to explore pharmacists' lived experiences. Frontline community pharmacists who provided direct patient care during the COVID-19 pandemic in Alberta, Canada were recruited. Participants were asked to provide 3-5 photos that reflected on how they see themselves as a pharmacist and/or represents what they do as a pharmacist. Data analysis incorporated content, thematic and visual analysis and was facilitated using NVivo software. A published conceptual framework model was used as the foundation of the analysis with care taken to include new concepts. Ethics approval was obtained from the University of Alberta health research ethics board. RESULTS: Interviews were conducted with 21 participants and they 71 photos. This study advanced the conceptual framework model presented in a scoping review, of what was made visible (pharmacists' information, public health, and medication management roles) and what was invisible but made visible by the pandemic (pharmacists' leadership roles). It was revealed through the reflective nature of this study the important leadership role pharmacists have in their communities. CONCLUSIONS: This study highlighted the work of community pharmacists responding to the COVID-19 pandemic through their information, public health, medication management, and leadership roles. Their experiences also made visible the cost their work had on them as they did more to adapt and continually respond as the pandemic evolved. Pharmacists recognized their role as leaders in their practice and communities.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Community Pharmacy Services , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , Pharmacists , Pandemics , Patient Care , Alberta , Professional Role
17.
Health Aff (Millwood) ; 42(3): 310-317, 2023 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2252798

ABSTRACT

The operational cleavage between the US public health and medical care systems contributed to the country's difficulty in containing community spread of COVID-19 in the pandemic's first months. We provide an overview of the independent evolution of these two systems, drawing on case examples and publicly available outcome data, to demonstrate how three fundamental elements of epidemic response-case finding, mitigating transmission, and treatment-were undermined by the lack of coordination between public health and medical care and how these gaps contributed to health disparities. We propose policy initiatives to address these gaps and facilitate coordination across the two systems: build a case-finding diagnostic system to quickly identify and mitigate the emergence of health threats in communities, develop data systems that facilitate the transfer of critical health intelligence from medical institutions to public health departments, and establish referral pathways for public health practitioners to connect people with medical services. These policies are practicable because they build on existing efforts and those currently in development.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Epidemics , Humans , Public Health , Patient Care , Referral and Consultation
18.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 20(5)2023 02 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2251218

ABSTRACT

Thanks to their distribution throughout the territory and extended opening hours, community pharmacists are among the healthcare specialists most easily accessible to the public and often represent the first point of consultation both for the treatment of acute health conditions and, more generally, for health and therapy advice. The objective of the present study was to evaluate whether post-graduate courses/further training courses for pharmacists might influence the quality of patient management and care and, consequently, the satisfaction of the users who entered the pharmacy. We used the revenues of the pharmacies (Group A) in which these pharmacists are employed as a performance indicator. We compared the data for this group with the national averages for Italian pharmacies (Group B) and with those of a group (Group C) of selected pharmacies as similar as possible to the pharmacies in Group A based on a number of well-defined parameters. The comparison of revenues, year-on-year changes, and the average number of sales by the pharmacies in the three groups indicates that the pharmacies in Group A had the best performance, not only when compared with the national average but especially compared with the control group, specifically selected to make the comparison as significant as possible.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Community Pharmacy Services , Pharmacies , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Pandemics , Pharmacists , Patient Care
20.
BMJ Open ; 13(2): e067445, 2023 02 20.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2262722

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: During the COVID-19 pandemic, an accelerated uptake of remote monitoring strategies, replacing traditional face-to-face care, has been observed. However, data on the effects of remote care interventions for patients with rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases remain scarce and interpretation is hampered by study heterogeneity and research quality concerns. High-quality evidence is required to guide future implementation in clinical practice, with health economic analyses identified as an important knowledge gap. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing telemonitoring with conventional care for patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA) are currently lacking. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: TeleSpA is a pragmatic, multicentre RCT investigating the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of combined asynchronous telemonitoring and patient-initiated follow-up for patients with SpA, compared with conventional care. Two-hundred patients will be recruited at two hospitals and randomised (1:1) to the study intervention or standard care. The primary endpoint is a reduction in the number of follow-up visits by ≥25% in the intervention compared with standard care group, during a 1-year period. Secondary endpoints are (a) non-inferiority of the study intervention with regard to health outcomes, quality of care and patient-reported experience with care; and (b) cost-effectiveness of the intervention, evaluated through a prospective trial-based cost-utility analysis. In addition, experiences with the study intervention will be assessed among patients and healthcare providers, and factors associated with primary and secondary endpoints will be identified. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study was approved by the Medical Research Ethics Committee of the Academic Hospital Maastricht/Maastricht University (NL71041.068.19/METC 19-059). Results will be disseminated through publications in peer-reviewed journals and conference presentations. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT04673825.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Spondylarthritis , Humans , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Patient Care , Spondylarthritis/therapy , Hospitals, University , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Multicenter Studies as Topic
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