Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 30
Filter
4.
Med Oncol ; 38(11): 137, 2021 Sep 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1439757

ABSTRACT

The covid-19 pandemic has impacted the management of non-covid-19 illnesses. Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) requires long-duration multidisciplinary treatment. Teleconsultation and shared care are suggested solutions to mitigate the consequences of the pandemic. However, these may be challenging to implement among patients who come from the lower economic strata. We report the disastrous impact of the pandemic on the care of EOC by comparing patients who were treated during the pandemic with those treated in the previous year. We collected the following data from newly diagnosed patients with EOC: time from diagnosis to treatment, time for completion of planned chemotherapy, and proportion of patients completing various components of therapy (surgery and chemotherapy). Patients treated between January 2019 and September 2019 (Group 1: Pre-covid) were compared with those treated between January 2020 and December 2020 (Group 2: During covid pandemic). A total of 82 patients were registered [Group 1: 43(51%) Group 2: 39(49)]. The median time from diagnosis to start of treatment was longer in group 2 when compared to group 1 [31(23-58) days versus 17(11-30) days (p = 0.03)]. The proportion of patients who had surgery in group 2 was lower in comparison to group 1 [33(77%) versus 21(54%) (p = 0.02)]. Proportion of patients who underwent neoadjuvant (NACT) and surgery were fewer in group 2 in comparison to group 1 [9(33%) versus 18(64%) p = 0.002]. Among patients planned for adjuvant chemotherapy, the median time from diagnosis to treatment was longer in group 2 [28(17-45) days, group 1 versus 49(26-78) days, group 2 (p = 0.04)]. The treatment of patients with EOC was adversely impacted due to the COVID-19 pandemic. There was a compromise in the proportion of patients completing planned therapy. Even among those who completed the treatment, there were considerable delays when compared with the pre-covid period. The impact of these compromises on the outcomes will be known with longer follow-up.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/prevention & control , Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial/therapy , Neoadjuvant Therapy/methods , Ovarian Neoplasms/therapy , Patient Care/methods , Time-to-Treatment , Aged , COVID-19/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Neoadjuvant Therapy/trends , Ovarian Neoplasms/diagnosis , Ovarian Neoplasms/epidemiology , Pandemics , Patient Care/trends , Retrospective Studies , Time-to-Treatment/trends
6.
Am J Med ; 134(8): 945-951, 2021 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1179206

ABSTRACT

Before the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, use of telehealth services had been limited in cardiovascular care. Potential benefits of telehealth include improved access to care, more efficient care management, reduced costs, the ability to assess patients within their homes while involving key caretakers in medical decisions, maintaining social distance, and increased patient satisfaction. Challenges include changes in payment models, issues with data security and privacy, potential depersonalization of the patient-clinician relationship, limitations in the use of digital health technologies, and the potential impact on disparities, including socioeconomic, gender, and age-related issues and access to technology and broadband. Implementation and expansion of telehealth from a policy and reimbursement practice standpoint are filled with difficult decisions, yet addressing these are critical to the future of health care.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Cardiovascular Diseases , Patient Care , Telemedicine , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Cardiology/methods , Cardiology/trends , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/therapy , Humans , Infection Control , Organizational Innovation , Patient Care/economics , Patient Care/methods , Patient Care/trends , SARS-CoV-2 , Telemedicine/methods , Telemedicine/organization & administration
8.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 106(12): e4887-e4902, 2021 11 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1175358

ABSTRACT

Unacceptable healthcare disparities in endocrine disease have persisted for decades, and 2021 presents a difficult evolving environment. The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the gross structural inequities that drive health disparities, and antiracism demonstrations remind us that the struggle for human rights continues. Increased public awareness and discussion of disparities present an urgent opportunity to advance health equity. However, it is more complicated to change the behavior of individuals and reform systems because societies are polarized into different factions that increasingly believe, accept, and live different realities. To reduce health disparities, clinicians must (1) truly commit to advancing health equity and intentionally act to reduce health disparities; (2) create a culture of equity by looking inwards for personal bias and outwards for the systemic biases built into their everyday work processes; (3) implement practical individual, organizational, and community interventions that address the root causes of the disparities; and (4) consider their roles in addressing social determinants of health and influencing healthcare payment policy to advance health equity. To care for diverse populations in 2021, clinicians must have self-insight and true understanding of heterogeneous patients, knowledge of evidence-based interventions, ability to adapt messaging and approaches, and facility with systems change and advocacy. Advancing health equity requires both science and art; evidence-based roadmaps and stories that guide the journey to better outcomes, judgment that informs how to change the behavior of patients, providers, communities, organizations, and policymakers, and passion and a moral mission to serve humanity.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/mortality , Endocrine System Diseases/therapy , Healthcare Disparities , Patient Care , Racism , Biomedical Research/ethics , Biomedical Research/legislation & jurisprudence , Biomedical Research/organization & administration , Biomedical Research/statistics & numerical data , COVID-19/psychology , Endocrine System Diseases/epidemiology , Endocrine System Diseases/mortality , Health Equity/organization & administration , Health Equity/trends , Health Policy/legislation & jurisprudence , Health Policy/trends , Healthcare Disparities/organization & administration , Healthcare Disparities/trends , Humans , Pandemics , Patient Care/ethics , Patient Care/standards , Patient Care/trends , Racism/prevention & control , Racism/trends , SARS-CoV-2
9.
Diabetes Metab Syndr ; 14(6): 1551-1553, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1059530

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic impacted healthcare services for kidney disease patients. Lockdown and social distancing were mandated in Kurdistan, Iraq to combat the transmission of the infection. The report analyzed the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on kidney disease patient care in Duhok City, Kurdistan Region of Iraq. METHODS: This study took place in the Duhok Kidney Disease and Transplant Center and compared data from February-April 2019 and 2020. RESULTS: The average number of patients visiting the consultation unit per week was reduced from 68.67 ± 13.6, to 33.42 ± 29.36 (P = 0.001) during the pandemic. In the dialysis unit, weekly hemodialysis sessions were reduced from 341.5 to 306.42 sessions (P = 0.002). The number of patients visiting the kidney transplant consultation unit was significantly reduced (135.7 ± 37.7 versus 102.5 ± 26.3; P = 0.005). The number of kidney transplant operations per week was reduced from 1.167 to 0.5 (P = 0.025). CONCLUSIONS: The COVID-19 pandemic interrupted healthcare services and may continue to impart long-term negative consequences for kidney disease patients.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/therapy , Kidney Diseases/epidemiology , Kidney Diseases/therapy , Patient Care/trends , Quarantine/trends , Adult , Female , Humans , Iraq/epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Young Adult
10.
Diabet Med ; 38(1): e14442, 2021 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-991281

ABSTRACT

AIMS: Inpatient care for people with diabetes can and must be improved. The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted the way care is delivered across the UK. Diabetes UK needed to understand how inpatient care for people with diabetes has been affected and to identify opportunities, areas of concerns and recommendations for the future. METHODS: We interviewed 28 healthcare professionals and hospital teams from across the UK to find out about their experiences of delivering inpatient diabetes care during the first peak of the COVID-19 pandemic. RESULTS: We found that disruption to inpatient diabetes services created positive environments and opportunities for new ways of working, but in the minority, impacted on the quality of care clinicians felt they were able to deliver. CONCLUSIONS: It is important that these positive ways of working be maintained and as a result of these experiences we have outlined urgent recommendations for the challenging winter months ahead.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus/therapy , Health Personnel , Inpatients , Patient Care/methods , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/prevention & control , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Humans , Pandemics , Patient Care/trends , Quality of Health Care/trends , United Kingdom/epidemiology
11.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 77(4): 1805-1813, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-982795

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has brought great disruption to health systems worldwide. This affected ongoing clinical research, particularly among those most vulnerable to the pandemic, like dementia patients. Fundació ACE is a research center and memory clinic based in Barcelona, Spain, one of the hardest-hit countries. OBJECTIVE: To describe the ad-hoc strategic plan developed to cope with this crisis and to share its outcomes. METHODS: We describe participants' clinical and demographic features. Additionally, we explain our strategic plan aimed at minimizing the impact on clinical trial research activities, which included SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR and IgG serological tests to all participants and personnel. The outcomes of the plan are described in terms of observed safety events and drop-outs during the study period. RESULTS: A total of 130 patients were participating in 16 active clinical trials in Fundació ACE when the lockdown was established. During the confinement, we performed 1018 calls to the participants, which led to identify adverse events in 26 and COVID-19 symptoms in 6. A total of 83 patients (64%) could restart on-site visits as early as May 11, 2020. All SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR diagnostic tests performed before on-site visits were negative and only three IgG serological tests were positive. Throughout the study period, we only observed one drop-out, due to an adverse event unrelated to COVID-19. DISCUSSION: The plan implemented by Fundació ACE was able to preserve safety and integrity of ongoing clinical trials. We must use the lessons learned from the pandemic and design crisis-proof protocols for clinical trials.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease/therapy , Clinical Trials as Topic , Coronavirus Infections , Pandemics , Patient Care , Pneumonia, Viral , Aged , Ambulatory Care Facilities , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Testing , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Clinical Trials as Topic/methods , Clinical Trials as Topic/organization & administration , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Female , Humans , Male , Pandemics/prevention & control , Patient Care/methods , Patient Care/trends , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , SARS-CoV-2 , Spain/epidemiology , Telemedicine/methods , Therapies, Investigational/methods
12.
Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol ; 35(3): 415-424, 2021 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-938789

ABSTRACT

The growth of office-based surgery (OBS) has been due to ease of scheduling and convenience for patients; office-based anesthesia safety continues to be well supported in the literature. In 2020, the Coronavirus Disease 19 (COVID-19) has resulted in dramatic shifts in healthcare, especially in the office-based setting. The goal of closing the economy was to flatten the curve, impacting office-based and ambulatory practices. Reopening of the economy and the return to ambulatory surgery and OBS and procedures have created a challenge due to COVID-19 and the infectious disease precautions that must be taken. Patients may be more apt to return to the outpatient setting to avoid the hospital, especially with the resurgence of COVID-19 cases locally, nationally, and worldwide. This review provides algorithms for screening and testing patients, selecting patients for procedures, choosing appropriate procedures, and selecting suitable personal protective equipment in this unprecedented period.


Subject(s)
Ambulatory Surgical Procedures/standards , Anesthesia/standards , COVID-19/prevention & control , Patient Care/standards , Personal Protective Equipment/standards , Practice Guidelines as Topic/standards , Ambulatory Surgical Procedures/trends , Anesthesia/trends , COVID-19/epidemiology , Humans , Patient Care/trends , Personal Protective Equipment/trends
13.
Epilepsy Behav ; 113: 107530, 2020 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-939369

ABSTRACT

The concept of patient navigation was first introduced in 1989 by the American Cancer Society and was first implemented in 1990 by Dr. Harold Freeman in Harlem, NY. The role of a patient navigator (PN) is to coordinate care between the care team, the patient, and their family while also providing social support. In the last 30 years, patient navigation in oncological care has expanded internationally and has been shown to significantly improve patient care experience, especially in the United States cancer care system. Like oncology care, patients who require epilepsy care face socioeconomic and healthcare system barriers and are at significant risk of morbidity and mortality if their care needs are not met. Although shortcomings in epilepsy care are longstanding, the COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated these issues as both patients and providers have reported significant delays in care secondary to the pandemic. Prior to the pandemic, preliminary studies had shown the potential efficacy of patient navigation in improving epilepsy care. Considering the evidence that such programs are helpful for severely disadvantaged cancer patients and in enhancing epilepsy care, we believe that professional societies should support and encourage PN programs for coordinated and comprehensive care for patients with epilepsy.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Epilepsy/epidemiology , Neoplasms/epidemiology , Patient Care/trends , Patient Navigation/trends , Epilepsy/therapy , Humans , Neoplasms/therapy , Pandemics , Patient Care/methods , Patient Navigation/methods , Social Support , United States/epidemiology
15.
Radiol Clin North Am ; 59(1): 1-11, 2021 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-779580

ABSTRACT

"Starting in Wuhan, China, followed quickly in the United States in January 2020, an outbreak of a novel coronavirus, or COVID-19, escalated to a global pandemic by March. Significant disruptions occurred to breast imaging, including deferred screening mammography, triaging diagnostic breast imaging, and changes in breast cancer care algorithms. This article summarizes the effect of the global pandemic-and efforts to curtail its spread-on both breast cancer care and on breast imaging practices including effects on patients, clinical workflow, education, and research."


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Breast Neoplasms/epidemiology , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Mammography/methods , Patient Care/trends , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/virology , Comorbidity , Early Detection of Cancer , Humans , Triage , United States/epidemiology
16.
Am J Health Syst Pharm ; 77(22): 1874-1884, 2020 10 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-675777

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has created unprecedented challenges for health systems around the world. We describe our approach to adapting the pharmacy leadership structure to address critical medication shortages through innovative data analysis, procurement strategies, and rapid implementation of medication policy. SUMMARY: Yale New Haven Health deployed a system incident management command structure to effectively respond to the COVID-19 crisis. System pharmacy services adopted a similar framework to enable efficient communication and quick decision-making in key domains, including drug procurement and policy. By refining a model to project health-system medication needs, we were able to anticipate challenges and devise alternative treatment algorithms. By leveraging big data and creating a system knowledge base, we were able to consolidate reporting and coordinate efforts to ensure system success. Various procurement strategies were employed to ensure adequate supply, including frequent communication with our wholesaler, sourcing direct from suppliers, outsourcing of sterile products compounding to registered 503B outsourcing facilities, and acquisition of active pharmaceutical ingredients for compounding of essential medications. Strategic positioning of pharmacists within the health system's incident command response teams and rapid adaption of drug use policy governance fueled accelerated response and nimble implementation. Communication was streamlined and executed via multiple outlets to reach a broad audience across the health system. CONCLUSION: With medication shortages posing a threat to patient care, dynamic pharmacy leadership proved essential to providing patient care at the height of the COVID-19 pandemic. System alignment and the rapid adaption of the existing framework for drug shortage management and medication use policy were crucial to success in crisis response.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections , Formularies, Hospital as Topic/standards , Leadership , Pandemics , Patient Care/trends , Pharmaceutical Preparations/supply & distribution , Pharmacy Service, Hospital/organization & administration , Pharmacy/trends , Pneumonia, Viral , Academic Medical Centers , COVID-19 , Connecticut , Formularies as Topic , Humans , Interdisciplinary Communication , Medication Systems, Hospital , Pharmacists
18.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 77(2): 539-541, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-760838

ABSTRACT

The ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has substantially affected patients with dementia and their caregivers. However, we found not all Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients were afraid of COVID-19 infection. Therefore, we investigated the association between rate of awareness of COVID-19 and depressive tendency in AD. 126 consecutive outpatients with AD were enrolled in this study from May 25, on the day when the declaration of emergency was lifted in Japan, through June 30, 2020. In addition to routine psychological tests, the participants were asked the following two questions: "Do you know COVID-19?" and "Why are you wearing a face mask?". Moderate to severe AD patients were found to have a low COVID-19 recognition rate and did not fully understand why they were wearing face masks. In addition, because they did not understand the seriousness of the COVID-19 outbreak, their Geriatric Depression Scale scores were also substantially lower. These results may appear to simply indicate that people with severe dementia are unaware of current events. However, these results provide insights into how to care for patients with dementia and how to allocate the time and support of our limited staff during the COVID-19 outbreak.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Awareness , Coronavirus Infections , Mental Competency , Pandemics , Patient Care , Pneumonia, Viral , Aged , Alzheimer Disease/diagnosis , Alzheimer Disease/psychology , Alzheimer Disease/virology , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Caregivers/psychology , Communicable Disease Control/organization & administration , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/psychology , Female , Humans , Japan/epidemiology , Male , Pandemics/prevention & control , Patient Care/methods , Patient Care/trends , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/psychology , Psychosocial Support Systems , SARS-CoV-2 , Severity of Illness Index
19.
Ophthalmologe ; 117(9): 892-904, 2020 Sep.
Article in German | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-740886

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Survey by the commission for cross-sectoral ophthalmology, as a joint commission of the German Ophthalmological Society (DOG) and the Professional Association of German Ophthalmologists (BVA) on the effects of the SARS-CoV­2 pandemic on ophthalmological patient care in Germany. METHODS: Online-based survey. RESULTS: A total of 1190 questionnaires were (partly) answered. With respect to outpatient care and consultations from 15 March to 15 April 2020, a total of 69 (5.8%) participants indicated unlimited, 756 (63.5%) reduced and 330 (27.7%) emergency care only, independent of the type of institution. Outpatient surgery was restricted to emergency surgery in 68% of clinics, 42.0% of inpatient wards, 45.0% of surgical medical care centers and group practices and 33.0% of private practices. Inpatient procedures were limited to emergency care in 75.0% of inpatient wards and in 71.0% of clinics. With the exception of endophthalmitis (+8.2%), the number of urgent indications and emergencies declined: retinal detachment (-34.8%), perforating eyeball injuries (-7.3%), acute glaucoma (-17.8%), central retinal artery occlusion and anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (-31.0%), others (-30.9%), penetrating keratoplasty and amniotic membrane transplantation (-59.1%). Institutional or professional policy requirements (76.0%) and appointment cancellation by patients (84.0%) were the most common reasons for limitations in ophthalmic patient care. CONCLUSION: The initial phase of the pandemic was characterized by a massive reduction in non-urgent conservative and surgical treatment that affected all areas of ophthalmology. Due to intensive care capacities required for COVID-19 patients, inpatient treatment was largely restricted to emergencies. Treatment of ophthalmological patients, including ocular emergencies and urgent treatment, was maintained across all sectors with a (considerable) decrease in the number of cases even in these groups.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Ophthalmology/trends , Patient Care/trends , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Germany/epidemiology , Humans , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
20.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 76(11): 1318-1324, 2020 09 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-720576

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is a fatal cardiovascular emergency requiring rapid reperfusion treatment. During the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, medical professionals need to strike a balance between providing timely treatment for STEMI patients and implementing infection control procedures to prevent nosocomial spread of COVID-19 among health care workers and other vulnerable cardiovascular patients. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak and China Chest Pain Center's modified STEMI protocol on the treatment and prognosis of STEMI patients in China. METHODS: Based on the data of 28,189 STEMI patients admitted to 1,372 Chest Pain Centers in China between December 27, 2019 and February 20, 2020, the study analyzed how the COVID-19 outbreak and China Chest Pain Center's modified STEMI protocol influenced the number of admitted STEMI cases, reperfusion strategy, key treatment time points, and in-hospital mortality and heart failure for STEMI patients. RESULTS: The COVID-19 outbreak reduced the number of STEMI cases reported to China Chest Pain Centers. Consistent with China Chest Pain Center's modified STEMI protocol, the percentage of patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention declined while the percentage of patients undergoing thrombolysis increased. With an average delay of approximately 20 min for reperfusion therapy, the rate of in-hospital mortality and in-hospital heart failure increased during the outbreak, but the rate of in-hospital hemorrhage remained stable. CONCLUSIONS: There were reductions in STEMI patients' access to care, delays in treatment timelines, changes in reperfusion strategies, and an increase of in-hospital mortality and heart failure during the COVID-19 pandemic in China.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections , Infection Control , Pandemics , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Pneumonia, Viral , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction , Thrombolytic Therapy , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , China/epidemiology , Coronary Angiography/methods , Coronary Angiography/statistics & numerical data , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Female , Heart Failure/epidemiology , Heart Failure/etiology , Hospital Mortality , Hospitalization , Humans , Infection Control/methods , Infection Control/organization & administration , Male , Middle Aged , Organizational Innovation , Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care , Pandemics/prevention & control , Patient Care/methods , Patient Care/trends , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/methods , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/statistics & numerical data , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , SARS-CoV-2 , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/complications , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/mortality , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Thrombolytic Therapy/methods , Thrombolytic Therapy/statistics & numerical data
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL