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1.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 90(2): 811-822, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2109698

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Recent innovative non-pharmacological interventions and neurostimulation devices have shown potential for application in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). These include photobiomodulation (PBM) therapy. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study assesses the safety, compliance with, and efficacy of a brain-gut PBM therapy for mild-to-moderate AD patients. METHODS: This double-blind, randomized, monocentric sham-controlled study started in 2018 and ended prematurely in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Fifty-three mild-to-moderate AD patients were randomized, 27 in the PBM group and 26 in the sham group. All patients had 40 treatment sessions lasting 25 min each over 8 weeks and were followed for 4 weeks afterwards. Compliance with the treatment was recorded. Safety was assessed by recording adverse events (AEs), and efficacy was evaluated using neuropsychological tests. RESULTS: The PBM therapy proved to be safe in regard to the number of recorded AEs (44% of the patients), which were balanced between the PBM and sham groups. AEs were mainly mild, and no serious AEs were reported. The majority of the patients (92.5%) were highly compliant, which confirms the feasibility of the PBM treatment. Compared to the sham patients, the PBM patients showed lower ADAS-Cog comprehension subscores, higher forward verbal spans, and lower TMT-B execution times, which suggests an improvement in cognitive functions. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates the tolerability of and patient compliance with a PBM-based treatment for mild-to-moderate AD patients. It highlights encouraging efficacy trends and provides insights for the design of the next phase trial in a larger AD patient sample.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , COVID-19 , Low-Level Light Therapy , Humans , Pilot Projects , Pandemics , Treatment Outcome , Alzheimer Disease/radiotherapy , Alzheimer Disease/drug therapy , Brain , Double-Blind Method , Patient Compliance
2.
Health Soc Care Community ; 30(5): e2255-e2263, 2022 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2001638

ABSTRACT

Patients who miss scheduled appointments reduce clinical productivity and delay access to care for other patients. Reminders have improved attendance for healthcare appointments previously, but it is not known if short message service (SMS) implementation reduces incidence of patients unable to attend (UTA) or who fail to attend (FTA) appointments in the public dental service. This paper studied the effectiveness of SMS reminders in increasing appointment attendance at outpatient public dental services in Queensland. Data were sourced from the adult service and the children and adolescent oral health service (CAOHS) at West Moreton Hospital and Health Service, a public dental service in Queensland. A total of 63,238 appointments pre-implementation of SMS reminders and 55,028 appointments post-implementation over a period of 2 years were analysed for rates of attendance, UTA and FTA. Characteristics of UTA and FTA appointments were analysed to identify factors that hindered improvement after implementation of reminders. For the CAOHS, the attendance rate decreased 4% (95% CI: 2%, 6%) following SMS implementation. The UTA rate also increased by 20% (95% CI: 15%, 25%). Following SMS implementation in the adult service, the attendance rate increased from 73.5 (95% CI: 72.6, 74.4) to 77.7 (95% CI: 76.6-78.8) per 100 appointments. The FTA rate post-implementation was 1.08 (95% CI: 1.00, 1.16) times that from pre-intervention, and the UTA rate decreased from 21.7 (95% CI: 21.2, 22.2) to 17.1 (95% CI: 16.6, 17.7) per 100 appointments. The SMS reminders had a mixed effect on the attendance, UTA and FTA rates for the CAOHS and adult services. Reminders reduced the rates of UTA for the CAOHS service and increased the rate of attendance for the adult service. There was an increase in the FTA rate for both services.


Subject(s)
Outpatients , Reminder Systems , Adolescent , Adult , Appointments and Schedules , Child , Dental Care , Humans , Patient Compliance , Retrospective Studies
3.
Prim Care Diabetes ; 16(5): 658-663, 2022 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1983798

ABSTRACT

AIMS: This study was carried out to investigate fear levels, treatment compliance, and metabolic control of type II Diabetes Mellitus patients during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: The study employed a single-center, observational design and was conducted between January and April 2021. The study consisted of 303 patients who attended the internal medicine outpatient clinic of a university hospital in Turkey. For data collection, the Patient Identification Form, COVID-19 Fear Scale, and the Type II Diabetes Treatment Compliance Scale were used. The study complied with the Helsinki Declaration criteria. IBM SPSS v25.0 statistics package program was used for data analysis. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 45.8 ± 7.5 years, the mean duration of illness was 8.2 ± 3.6 years. Moreover, 40.6% of patients presented with poor levels of treatment compliance. In addition, the mean FCV-19S score of the patients was 29.1 ± 3.05. It was noticeable that those with high mean scores of FCV-19S had poor compliance with treatment and metabolic control during the pandemic (p < 0.05). PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Fear of COVID-19 negatively affects treatment compliance and metabolic control of type II diabetes patients. The patients avoided attending their regular follow-ups at the hospital due to fear of contracting COVID-19. In order to reduce the fear of COVID-19 it is paramount to maintain optimum metabolic control and treatment compliance.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Adult , COVID-19/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/diagnosis , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Fear , Humans , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Patient Compliance
5.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 284, 2022 Jul 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1928176

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is rapidly changed medical habits, and dental clinics have been forced to adapt. This study explored the pandemic-induced changes in patient utilization of dental services to assist practitioners in responding efficiently to similar public crises as references in the future. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the correlation between patient profiles and dental visits attendance within 2 months before and during the outbreak. RESULTS: A total of 332 patients, 210 women and 122 men (total number of visits: 1068) were enrolled in this study. A significantly lower attendance rate was noted during the COVID-19 period (70.3%) than prior to the pandemic (83.4%). The rate of return visits for patients with a high education level during the COVID-19 period was significantly reduced from 96.5 to 93.1%. In addition, the number of days between two visits significantly increased during the pandemic. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that, during the pandemic period, the attendance rates of return dental appointments decreased, and the rate of missed appointments for patients with a high educational levels was higher than that of patients with a low educational level. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Preventive management of these patients who are easy to miss dental appointments may enable more effective use of medical resources.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Appointments and Schedules , Female , Humans , Male , Patient Compliance , Retrospective Studies
6.
South Med J ; 115(7): 420-421, 2022 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1903946

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Compliance with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) guidelines, including the use of masks and social distancing and vaccinations, has been poor. Our study examined what factors may identify those who will be more or less compliant, especially in regard to those with identified higher risk. METHODS: A telephone survey of 200 adult patients from two practices, one general internal medicine and the other rheumatology, was performed in May and June 2021. Questions included age, sex, perception of immunocompetence, smoking history, mask and social distancing compliance, COVID-19 symptoms and/or test-proven infection, and immunization status for COVID-19. Those agreeing to participate also underwent chart review for body mass index, physician-assessed immunocompetence, and diabetes mellitus. RESULTS: No clinical factors approached statistical significance for the prediction of compliance or noncompliance. Compliance with mask and social distancing highly correlated with vaccination and avoidance of infection, however. CONCLUSIONS: Attempts to improve compliance cannot be focused on any of the particular groups examined in this study.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Physical Distancing , Adult , Appalachian Region , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Humans , Patient Compliance , Vaccination
7.
Ther Apher Dial ; 26(5): 977-982, 2022 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1883160

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: It is aimed in this study to evaluate the relationship between COVID-19 anxiety and treatment compliance in hemodialysis patients. METHODS: This study was conducted descriptively with 128 hemodialysis patients treated in the hemodialysis unit of a district state hospital between September and December 2021. RESULTS: It was observed that there was a significant relationship between the dialysis duration as well as the variable of forgetting to take their medicines while traveling and the coronavirus anxiety scores according to the multiple regression analysis regarding the variables affecting the coronavirus anxiety levels of the participants, and that these two variables were 25% determinant in the mean score of the coronavirus anxiety (R2  = 0.25, p = 0.00). CONCLUSION: It was found, as a conclusion, that the majority of the patients were compliant to the treatment and such variables as gender, education, profession, and dialysis duration were related to the coronavirus anxiety.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Renal Dialysis , Anxiety/epidemiology , COVID-19/therapy , Hemodialysis Units, Hospital , Humans , Patient Compliance , Prospective Studies
8.
Arch Psychiatr Nurs ; 40: 84-90, 2022 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1850645

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the effect of health anxiety experienced by elderly individuals during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on their disease perception and treatment compliance. DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a descriptive, cross-sectional study conducted between November 2020 and March 2021. The research data was collected using the Patient Information Form, Health Anxiety Scale (HAS), Disease Perception Scale-Short Form (DPS-SF) and Turkish Modified Morisky Treatment Compliance Scale (MMTCS). RESULTS: Of the 401 study participants, 63.1% were in the 65-69 years age group. The mean HAS, DPS-SF and MMTCS motivation and knowledge level sub-dimension scores of the participants were 18.73 ± 8.87, 54.24 ± 9.98, 1.28 ± 0.74 and 2.04 ± 0.92, respectively. CONCLUSION: The results of this study showed that the health anxiety and disease perception scores were high among elderly individuals during the COVID-19 pandemic, which hindered their treatment compliance.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Aged , Anxiety , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Patient Compliance , Perception , SARS-CoV-2 , Turkey/epidemiology
9.
Am J Public Health ; 112(1): 169-178, 2022 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1841236

ABSTRACT

Objectives. To assess the association between individual-level adherence to social-distancing and personal hygiene behaviors recommended by public health experts and subsequent risk of COVID-19 diagnosis in the United States. Methods. Data are from waves 7 through 26 (June 10, 2020-April 26, 2021) of the Understanding America Study COVID-19 survey. We used Cox models to assess the relationship between engaging in behaviors considered high risk and risk of COVID-19 diagnosis. Results. Individuals engaging in behaviors indicating lack of adherence to social-distancing guidelines, especially those related to large gatherings or public interactions, had a significantly higher risk of COVID-19 diagnosis than did those who did not engage in these behaviors. Each additional risk behavior was associated with a 9% higher risk of COVID-19 diagnosis (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.09; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.05, 1.13). Results were similar after adjustment for sociodemographic characteristics and local infection rates. Conclusions. Personal mitigation behaviors appear to influence the risk of COVID-19, even in the presence of social factors related to infection risk. Public Health Implications. Our findings emphasize the importance of individual behaviors for preventing COVID-19, which may be relevant in contexts with low vaccination. (Am J Public Health. 2022;112(1):169-178. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2021.306565).


Subject(s)
COVID-19/diagnosis , Health Risk Behaviors , Hygiene , Patient Compliance/statistics & numerical data , Physical Distancing , Adult , Aged , Communicable Disease Control/methods , Female , Guidelines as Topic , Humans , Longitudinal Studies , Male , Middle Aged , Proportional Hazards Models , Surveys and Questionnaires , United States/epidemiology
10.
J Clin Sleep Med ; 18(8): 2023-2027, 2022 08 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1835536

ABSTRACT

STUDY OBJECTIVES: The impact of direct mail order sales of positive airway pressure (PAP) devices, accentuated by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, on PAP adherence in patients with obstructive sleep apnea remains unclear. In this study we compared the impact of different modes of continuous positive airway pressure delivery on adherence and daytime symptoms. We hypothesized that adherence would not be affected by remote PAP setup, aided by telehealth technology. METHODS: Three groups were studied: 1) standard group PAP setup (3-4 people); 2) direct home shipment of PAP, followed by telehealth interactions; 3) direct home shipment of PAP, during the COVID-19 pandemic where delivery choice was removed. Demographics, sleepiness, PAP data, and insurance information were also compared. RESULTS: A total of 666 patients were studied in 3 groups. 1) Standard group PAP setup had 225 patients and adherence with PAP (% of nights used more than 4 hours) was 65.3 ± 2.1%. 2) Direct home shipment of PAP group had 231 patients, and adherence was 54.2 ± 2.4%. 3) Direct mailed PAP units during the COVID-19 pandemic group had 210 patients, and adherence was 55.9 ± 2.5%. Adherence was lower in both groups receiving home shipments compared to those in groups in-center (analysis of variance, Tukey, P = .002). Discontinuation of PAP was less in the in-center group setup patients (χ2 = 10.938 P ≤ .001). CONCLUSIONS: Patients receiving direct home PAP shipments had lower adherence and were more likely to discontinue PAP compared to standard in-person setup. CITATION: Stanchina M, Lincoln J, Prenda S, et al. The impact of different CPAP delivery approaches on nightly adherence and discontinuation rate in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. J Clin Sleep Med. 2022;18(8):2023-2027.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure , Humans , Pandemics , Patient Compliance , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/diagnosis , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/therapy
11.
Int J STD AIDS ; 33(6): 604-607, 2022 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1833020

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: BASHH/MEDFASH (Medical Foundation for HIV and Sexual Health) Standards for the Management of Sexual Health Services 20141 set out a number of recommendations regarding time between contacting a service to being seen, time to receiving results, and time to treatment. This audit investigated if UK practice is compliant with BASHH standards of care in terms of: Time to patient being seen after contacting sexual health services, time to chlamydia (CT) NAAT (nucleic acid amplification test) results and time from positive CT result to treatment. METHODS: All UK level 2 (non-specialist) and level 3 (specialist) sexual health clinics were invited to take part. Data were collected via a survey of sexual health clinics and a retrospective case-note review of the last 40 people aged 16 or over per service seen with chlamydia but not syphilis or gonorrhoea. Cases were identified using the SHHAPT (Sexual Health and HIV Activity Types) National STI Surveillance code for chlamydia (C4). RESULTS: There were responses from 221 sites. 67% of sites reported offering both appointment and walk-in access, 26.2% appointment-only, 6.8% walk-in only. The mean turn-away rate of individuals seeking walk-in access on the last open day was 6.1%. There were variations in local service specification turnaround times for chlamydia nucleic acid amplification test results; 32% of sites reported no specified turnaround time. Case note audit of individuals seen with chlamydia showed 74.1% of individuals were tested for chlamydia at a level 3 clinic, 11.8% at a level 2 sexual health clinic, 7.3% used a self-sampling kit requested online and 3.9% tested at a different setting. 92.1% of individuals who initially tested at a sexual health service had an attempted notification within 10 working days of a positive chlamydia test. 95% of individuals were treated within a sexual health service. Overall, 94.0% of individuals were treated within 15 working days of the test result. CONCLUSION: When missing data were excluded, patient initiated GUM/level 3 attenders seen within 2 working days met the audit standard as did patient access to results within 10-working days for those whose initial CT NAAT sample was taken at a GUM/level 3 clinic and treatment within 3 weeks for GUM/level 3 attenders. Patients offered to be seen/assessed within 2 working days and lab report within 5 working days did not meet the audit standard. Recommendations include ensuring that laboratory turn-around times are included in contracts or service level agreements for clinical services, and local monitoring of these. Dates when individuals first seek to access sexual health services should also be recorded and used to monitor performance in comparison with access standards.


Subject(s)
Chlamydia Infections , HIV Infections , Sexual Health , Chlamydia Infections/diagnosis , Chlamydia Infections/drug therapy , Chlamydia Infections/epidemiology , Chlamydia trachomatis , Clinical Audit , HIV Infections/diagnosis , HIV Infections/drug therapy , HIV Infections/epidemiology , Humans , Patient Compliance , Retrospective Studies
12.
Rev Esc Enferm USP ; 56: e20210537, 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1793424

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: to analyze stimuli and behaviors related to interdependence and their implications for compliance with the therapeutic regimen of older adults with hypertension during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHOD: a multiple case, qualitative study, carried out with fifteen older adults treated at a Family Health Strategy unit. A characterization instrument and semi-structured interview were used for data collection. Data were processed in NVivo12, submitted to thematic content analysis, based on Roy's interdependence mode. RESULTS: the reports seized showed that the family has meaning as a therapeutic support network, as well as health services, neighbors, friends and religious institutions. Two categories emerged: Stimuli and adaptive behaviors related to interdependence in the pandemic: implications for compliance; Ineffective stimuli and behaviors related to interdependence in the pandemic: implications for compliance. CONCLUSION: adaptive and ineffective behaviors related to interdependence during the adjustment to the new condition of social distancing demonstrate the need for greater professional attention to achieve compliance with treatment.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Hypertension , Adaptation, Psychological , Aged , Humans , Hypertension/therapy , Pandemics , Patient Compliance
13.
Saudi Med J ; 43(4): 418-422, 2022 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1789719

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To recognize and assess treatment compliance in children and adolescents with growth hormone deficiency during the cronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic along with other lifestyle factors that might have been affected by the pandemic, such as diet, physical activity, sleep pattern, and screen time. METHODS: This descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out between March 2020-2021 at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Data were collected through clinical interview questions. RESULTS: The total sample size was 130 patients, 54 (41.5%) of whom were males and 76 (58.5%) were females. The mean age of the patients was 12.56±3.44 years. Comparisons of before and during the COVID-19 pandemic revealed significant changes in growth hormone therapy compliance (p=0.007), dietary changes (p=0.002) with an increase in vegetables and fruit consumption, a significant decrease in physical activity time (p<0.001), an increase in sleep time (p<0.001), and screen time (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: The COVID-19 crisis had an impact on growth hormone therapy compliance, with a significant impact on other lifestyle factors such as dietary habits, physical activity, sleep time, and leisure screen time.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Adolescent , Child , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Growth Hormone , Humans , Life Style , Male , Patient Compliance , SARS-CoV-2
14.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(7)2022 Apr 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1785898

ABSTRACT

Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) telemonitoring (TMg) has become widely implemented in routine clinical care. Objective measures of CPAP compliance, residual respiratory events, and leaks can be easily monitored, but limitations exist. This review aims to assess the role of TMg in CPAP-treated obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients. We report recent data related to the accuracy of parameters measured by CPAP and try to determine the role of TMg in CPAP treatment follow-up, from the perspective of both healthcare professionals and patients. Measurement and accuracy of CPAP-recorded data, clinical management of these data, and impacts of TMg on therapy are reviewed in light of the current literature. Moreover, the crucial questions of who and how to monitor are discussed. TMg is a useful tool to support, fine-tune, adapt, and control both CPAP efficacy and compliance in newly-diagnosed OSA patients. However, clinicians should be aware of the limits of the accuracy of CPAP devices to measure residual respiratory events and leaks and issues such as privacy and cost-effectiveness are still a matter of concern. The best methods to focus our efforts on the patients who need TMg support should be properly defined in future long-term studies.


Subject(s)
Continuous Positive Airway Pressure , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure/methods , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Monitoring, Physiologic/methods , Patient Compliance , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/therapy
15.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(5)2022 02 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1760570

ABSTRACT

Compared to young adults, it is difficult for the older people with relatively low health literacy to perform proper bowel preparation for a colonoscopy. This study aims to identify the relationship between knowledge, compliance with bowel preparation, and bowel cleanliness with health literacy in older patients undergoing colonoscopy. The participants were 110 older people undergoing colonoscopy, recruited from an endoscopy hospital in G metropolitan city, South Korea. Data obtained from a structured questionnaire that included items on health literacy and knowledge of and compliance with bowel preparation, and the Aronchick bowel cleanliness scale. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, χ-test, Pearson's correlation, t-test, and ANCOVA. Participants who were younger and those with a higher education level and better economic status had a statistically significantly higher health literacy level. Older people with a health literacy level of 7 points and above had a higher knowledge level and bowel cleanliness index, a showed better compliance with bowel preparation. The results highlight the need for developing a customized education intervention program that can improve health literacy for successful bowel preparation and examination of the older population undergoing colonoscopy.


Subject(s)
Health Literacy , Aged , Cathartics , Colonoscopy , Humans , Patient Compliance , Preoperative Care/methods
16.
Ren Fail ; 44(1): 490-502, 2022 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1758472

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Virtual home visits may improve chronic disease management. However, whether they are suitable for peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients has not yet been fully investigated. This study aimed to compare the agreement and acceptance of virtual home visits and in-person home visits in PD patients. METHODS: This was a paired, single center, noninferiority trial. Participants received a virtual home visit and an in-person home visit simultaneously. A home visit checklist was built for standardization visits. The content was divided into three parts: domestic habits (57 items), bag exchange procedures (56 items), and exit site care (53 items). Satisfaction questionnaires for both patients and nurses were designed to assess attitudes toward home visits and socioeconomic effects. RESULTS: A total of 30 PD patients were enrolled in a single center. The information collected from virtual home visits and in-person home visits was found to be highly consistent. The perfect agreement was found in 52/57, 49/56, and 44/53 items (Cohen's kappa 0.81-1.00), substantial agreement in 4/57, 7/56, and 8/53 items (Cohen's kappa 0.61-0.80). Patients reported almost identical satisfaction for virtual home visits and in-person home visits (Z = 0.39, p = 0.70). PD nurses reported similar feasibility and patient cooperation for the two visit types (Z = 0.99, p = 0.33; Z = 1.65, p = 0.10, respectively). In addition, virtual home visits were found to be more cost-effective than in-person home visits. CONCLUSIONS: Virtual home visits information collection was similar to in-person home visits in PD. There were no differences in participant satisfaction and feasibility between the two visit types.


Subject(s)
House Calls , Peritoneal Dialysis , Feasibility Studies , Humans , Patient Compliance , Surveys and Questionnaires
17.
PLoS One ; 17(3): e0264655, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1745320

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Isolation is an indispensable measure to contain the SARS-CoV-2 virus, but it may have a negative impact on mental health and overall wellbeing. Evidence on the isolation experience, facilitating and complicating factors is needed to mitigate negative effects. METHODS AND FINDINGS: This observational, population-based cohort study enrolled 1547 adults from the general population with SARS-CoV-2 infection reported to authorities between 27 February 2020 and 19 January 2021 in Zurich, Switzerland. We assessed the proportion of individuals reporting symptoms of depression and anxiety before, during and after isolation (by DASS-21), and queried worries, positive experiences, and difficulties. We analyzed the association of these outcomes with socio-demographics using ordinal regression. Additionally, we report free-text statements by participants to capture most important aspects of isolation. The proportion of participants affected by depression or anxiety increased during isolation from 10·0% to 17·1% and 9·1% to 17·6%, respectively. Ordinal regression showed that taking care of children increased the difficulty of isolation (OR 2·10, CI 1·43-3·08) and risk of non-compliance (OR 1·63, CI 1·05-2·53), especially in younger participants. A facilitating factor that individuals commonly expressed was receiving more support during isolation. CONCLUSION: Isolation due to SARS-CoV-2 presents a mental burden, especially for younger individuals and those taking care of children. Public health authorities need to train personnel and draw from community-based resources to provide targeted support, information, and guidance to individuals during isolation. Such efforts could alleviate the negative impact isolation has on the mental and physical health of individuals and ensure compliance of the population with recommendations.


Subject(s)
Anxiety Disorders/epidemiology , COVID-19/psychology , Depression/epidemiology , Social Isolation/psychology , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anxiety Disorders/psychology , Cohort Studies , Depression/psychology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Patient Compliance/psychology , Patient Compliance/statistics & numerical data , Regression Analysis , Switzerland/epidemiology , Young Adult
18.
PLoS One ; 17(3): e0265014, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1742017

ABSTRACT

The objective of this research was to examine residents' awareness, attitudes, and compliance with COVID-19 public health guidelines in Vermont, which emerged as an early leader in national pandemic response. Our methods included conducting an online survey of adult Vermont residents between January and April 2021. We analyzed demographics associated with awareness and compliance, and identified features associated with non-compliance. Our results show that of the 2,208 adult Vermont residents who completed the survey, 90% were extremely aware of the state's COVID-19 guidelines, and 95% reported knowing exactly what to do to follow recommended actions. Political affiliation emerged as a primary factor related to attitudes and compliance. Self-identified Republicans were less likely to agree that public health measures keep people safe or help businesses stay open, and were less likely to follow masking, quarantine, social distancing, and vaccine guidance than Independents, Progressives, and Democrats. The large differences in COVID-19 infection and death rates across the country, and recent shift toward a "pandemic of the unvaccinated," underscore the need for identifying public health strategies that work in some areas in order to adapt and apply them to areas that have struggled with controlling the virus. Consistent with national surveys, our results show that resistance to public health guidance is a partisan challenge even in states with high compliance. Identifying populations that are less supportive or hesitant to follow guidelines while understanding factors that motivate compliance can help inform strategies for developing targeted programs to encourage collective action on pandemic response. Developing communication strategies that reach people who do not believe COVID-19 guidelines keep them safe is necessary to reach universal compliance.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/prevention & control , Patient Compliance/statistics & numerical data , Quarantine/methods , Adult , Aged , Female , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Physical Distancing , Surveys and Questionnaires , Vermont/epidemiology , Young Adult
19.
Lupus ; 31(4): 488-494, 2022 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1731440

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the short-term patient satisfaction, compliance, disease control, and infection risk of telemedicine (TM) compared with standard in-person follow-up (FU) for patients with lupus nephritis (LN) during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHOD: This was a single-center open-label randomized controlled study. Consecutive patients followed at the LN clinic were randomized to either TM or standard FU (SF) group in a 1:1 ratio. Patients in the TM group received FU via videoconferencing. SF group patients continued conventional in-person outpatient care. The 6-month data were compared and presented. RESULTS: From June to December 2020, 122 patients were randomized (TM: 60, SF: 62) and had at least 2 FUs. There were no baseline differences, including SLEDAI-2k and proportion of patients in lupus low disease activity state (LLDAS), between the two groups except a higher physician global assessment score (PGA) in the TM group. After a mean FU of 19.8 ± 4.5 weeks, the overall patient satisfaction score was higher in the TM group. More patients in the TM group had hospitalization (15/60, 25.0% vs 7/62, 11.3%; p = .049) with higher baseline PGA (OR = 1.17; 95% CI, 1.08-1.26) being the independent predictor. The proportions of patients remained in LLDAS were similar in the two groups (TM: 75.0% vs SF: 74.2%, p = .919). None of the patients had COVID-19. CONCLUSIONS: TM FU resulted in better patient satisfaction and similar short-term disease control in patients with LN compared to standard care. However, it was associated with more hospitalizations and might need to be complemented by in-person visits especially in patients with higher PGA.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/therapy , Lupus Nephritis/therapy , Telemedicine , Adult , COVID-19/epidemiology , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Hong Kong/epidemiology , Humans , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/epidemiology , Lupus Nephritis/epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Patient Compliance , Patient Satisfaction , Severity of Illness Index
20.
PLoS One ; 17(3): e0264237, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1724847

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) causes more than five million deaths worldwide. Pregnant women are at high risk for infection due to the physiologic change in the immune and cardiopulmonary system and also it increases the risk of severe disease, intensive care unit admission, and receive mechanical ventilation when compared with non-pregnant women. It is associated with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. So pregnant women need to have adhered to preventive measures to prevent COVID-19 related consequences. Therefore, this study aimed to assess adherence toCOVID-19 preventive practice and associated factors among pregnant women in Gondar city, northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted from July 1st to 30th, 2021, in Gondar city. A cluster sampling technique was employed to select 678 pregnant women. Data were collected using a pre-tested, face-to-face interviewer-administered questionnaire. Data were entered into EPI DATA version 4.6 and exported to SPSS version 25 for analysis. Both bivariable and multivariable logistic regression analysis was fitted to identify associated factors. Adjusted odds ratio with a 95% confidence interval was used to report the association between covariates and the outcome variable. RESULTS: The prevalence of good adherence to COVID-19 preventive practice was 44.8% (95% CI: 41.3, 48.7). Maternal age (≤24 years) [AOR = 2.89, 95% CI: 1.37, 6.10], maternal education (secondary school) [AOR = 2.95, 95% CI: 1.58, 5.53] and (college and above) [AOR = 4.57,95% CI: 2.42, 8.62], having ANC follow up [AOR = 2.95, 95% CI: 1.35, 6.46] and adequate knowledge towards COVID-19 [AOR = 1.70, 95% CI: 1.20, 2.41] were significantly associated with good adherence to COVID-19 preventive practice. CONCLUSION: In this study, adherence towards COVID-19 preventive practice in pregnant women is low. Hence, it is important to strengthen women's awareness about COVID-19 through different media and health education. In addition, empowering women to attain ANC and special consideration should be given to women who had no formal education.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/prevention & control , Patient Compliance/statistics & numerical data , Primary Prevention/statistics & numerical data , Adult , Cities , Community-Based Participatory Research , Cross-Sectional Studies , Educational Status , Ethiopia/epidemiology , Female , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans , Maternal Age , Pregnancy , Primary Prevention/education , Socioeconomic Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires , Young Adult
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