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1.
Nurs Res ; 71(1): 12-20, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34469415

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Transition to adult healthcare is a critical time for adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with sickle cell disease, and preparation for transition is important to reducing morbidity and mortality risks associated with transition. OBJECTIVE: We explored the relationships between decision-making involvement, self-efficacy, healthcare responsibility, and overall transition readiness in AYAs with sickle cell disease prior to transition. METHODS: This cross-sectional, correlational study was conducted with 50 family caregivers-AYAs dyads receiving care from a large comprehensive sickle cell clinic between October 2019 and February 2020. Participants completed the Decision-Making Involvement Scale, the Sickle Cell Self-Efficacy Scale, and the Readiness to Transition Questionnaire. Multiple linear regression was used to assess the relationships between decision-making involvement, self-efficacy, healthcare responsibility, and overall transition readiness in AYAs with sickle cell disease prior to transition to adult healthcare. RESULTS: Whereas higher levels of expressive behaviors, such as sharing opinions and ideas in decision-making, were associated with higher levels of AYA healthcare responsibility, those behaviors were inversely associated with feelings of overall transition readiness. Self-efficacy was positively associated with overall transition readiness but inversely related to AYA healthcare responsibility. Parent involvement was negatively associated with AYA healthcare responsibility and overall transition readiness. DISCUSSION: While increasing AYAs' decision-making involvement may improve AYAs' healthcare responsibility, it may not reduce barriers of feeling unprepared for the transition to adult healthcare. Facilitating active AYA involvement in decision-making regarding disease management, increasing self-efficacy, and safely reducing parent involvement may positively influence their confidence and capacity for self-management.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Sickle Cell/psychology , Decision Making , Patient Transfer/standards , Self Efficacy , Adolescent , Anemia, Sickle Cell/complications , Anemia, Sickle Cell/therapy , Cross-Sectional Studies , Disease Management , Female , Humans , Male , Missouri , Patient Transfer/methods , Patient Transfer/statistics & numerical data , Surveys and Questionnaires , Young Adult
2.
Rev Esc Enferm USP ; 56: e20220308, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36718767

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the transition of care from the perspective of cancer patients, in a Southern Brazil hospital, correlating perspectives with sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. METHOD: Cross-sectional study using the Care Transitions Measure (CTM) with cancer patients undergoing clinical or surgical treatment following hospital discharge. Data collection was completed by telephone, between June and September 2019. Data analysis was performed using descriptive and inferential statistics. RESULTS: The average CTM score was 74.1, which was considered satisfactory. The CTM factors: understanding about medications (83.3) and preparation for self-management (77.7) were deemed satisfactory; while: secured preferences (69.4) and care plan (66.1) were unsatisfactory for an effective and safe care transition. No statistically significant difference was found between sociodemographic variables and the CTM. Among the clinical variables, primary cancer and the secured preferences factor showed a significant difference (p = 0.044). CONCLUSION: The transition from hospital care to the community was considered satisfactory in the overall assessment.


Subject(s)
Neoplasms , Patient Transfer , Humans , Cross-Sectional Studies , Patient Discharge , Hospitals , Neoplasms/therapy
3.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 151(2): 443-449, 2023 Feb 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36696334

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The Emergency Medical Treatment and Labor Act (EMTALA) was enacted by Congress in 1986 to protect uninsured patients against economic discrimination. Although this law has been established for several decades, recent passage of the No Surprises Act may invoke new implications for the health care system under EMTALA. Therefore, it is worthwhile to review EMTALA's applications to the practice of plastic surgery and review EMTALA in the context of the recently passed No Surprises Act. First, providers are mandated by EMTALA to administer a medical screening examination to any patient presenting for emergent care. Second, providers must administer medical stabilization if the medical screening examination reveals an emergent condition. If the hospital lacks specialized capabilities to provide stabilizing care, they are required to transfer the patient to a facility that can provide care. Although EMTALA's provisions protect patients and provide them with leverage to obtain emergency care, the act has been associated with out-of-network, or "surprise," medical bills for the insured population and, ultimately, may be detrimental to plastic surgeons in emergency settings. The concerns related to EMTALA within plastic surgery involve the overburdening of surgeons at tertiary care centers because of uncompensated care and high rates of interfacility transfers. In addition, the recent passage of the No Surprises Act to end out-of-network emergency bills may further impact care provided by plastic surgeons in emergency settings under EMTALA's mandate. Potential methods to address these concerns include increasing on-call reimbursement rates and implementation of emergency department telemedicine services.


Subject(s)
Emergency Service, Hospital , Telemedicine , Humans , United States , Emergency Treatment , Patient Transfer , Medically Uninsured
4.
Stroke ; 54(2): 386-395, 2023 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36689590

ABSTRACT

In many countries hospital length of stay after an acute stroke admission is typically just a few days, therefore, most of a person's recovery from stroke occurs in the community. Care transitions, which occur when there is a change in, or handoff between 2 different care settings or providers, represent an especially vulnerable period for patients and caregivers. For some patients with stroke the return home is associated with substantial practical, psychosocial, and health-related challenges leading to substantial burden for the individual and caregiver. Underserved and minority populations, because of their exposure to poor environmental, social, and economic conditions, as well as structural racism and discrimination, are especially vulnerable to the problems of complicated care transitions which in turn, can negatively impact stroke recovery. Overall, there remain significant unanswered questions about how to promote optimal recovery in the post-acute care period, particularly for those from underserved communities. Evidence is limited on how best to support patients after they have returned home where they are required to navigate the chronic stages of stroke with little direct support from health professionals.


Subject(s)
Patient Transfer , Stroke , Humans , Quality of Life , Caregivers/psychology
5.
BMJ ; 380: p142, 2023 Jan 23.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36690356
6.
J Investig Med ; 71(1): 32-37, 2023 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36655322

ABSTRACT

Patients admitted via interhospital transfer (IHT) experience increased risk-adjusted mortality, adverse events, length of stay, and discharge to facility; however, the etiology is not well understood. We hypothesize that IHTs are more likely to experience in-hospital delirium as compared with admissions to the hospital via the emergency department (ED) and clinic. This is a cross-sectional study of all adult admissions to medical, surgical, neurological, and obstetrics and gynecology services at an academic medical center who were screened for delirium between August 2018 and January 2020. Unit of analysis was admission source (IHT vs ED vs clinic) as the independent variable and the primary outcome was in-hospital delirium, assessed with initial brief confusion assessment method (bCAM) screening. 30,100 hospitalizations were included in this study with 3925 admissions (13.0%) screening positive for delirium at the initial bCAM assessment. The prevalence of delirium was much higher in IHTs at 22.3% (1334/5971) when compared with clinic at 5.8% (244/4214) and ED at 11.8% (2347/19,915) admissions. Multivariable logistic regression adjusting for demographics and comorbidities showed that IHT admissions had higher odds (OR 1.91, 95% CI 1.74 to 2.10) and clinic admissions had lower odds (OR 0.56, 95% CI 0.48 to 0.64) of in-hospital delirium compared with ED admissions. Increased odds of delirium in IHT admissions may contribute to the observed increased length of stay, discharge to facility, and mortality. These results emphasize the importance of routine screening and possible intervention prior to patient transfer.


Subject(s)
Delirium , Hospitalization , Adult , Humans , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hospitals , Patient Transfer , Emergency Service, Hospital , Delirium/epidemiology , Delirium/diagnosis , Length of Stay
7.
J Appl Biomech ; 39(1): 22-33, 2023 Feb 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36649717

ABSTRACT

This study assessed the effectiveness of a passive back support exoskeleton during a mechanical loading task. Fifteen healthy participants performed a simulated patient transfer task while wearing the Laevo (version 2.5) passive back support exoskeleton. Collected metrics encompassed L5-S1 joint moments, back and abdominal muscle activity, lower body and back kinematics, center of mass displacement, and movement smoothness. A statistical parametric mapping analysis approach was used to overcome limitations from discretization of continuous data. The exoskeleton reduced L5-S1 joint moments during trunk flexion, but wearing the device restricted L5-S1 joint flexion when flexing the trunk as well as hip and knee extension, preventing participants from standing fully upright. Moreover, wearing the device limited center of mass motion in the caudal direction and increased its motion in the anterior direction. Therefore, wearing the exoskeleton partly reduced lower back moments during the lowering phase of the patient transfer task, but there were some undesired effects such as altered joint kinematics and center of mass displacement. Statistical parametric mapping analysis was useful in determining the benefits and hindrances produced by wearing the exoskeleton while performing the simulated patient transfer task and should be utilized in further studies to inform design and appropriate usage.


Subject(s)
Exoskeleton Device , Humans , Electromyography , Patient Transfer , Movement/physiology , Lower Extremity , Biomechanical Phenomena
8.
9.
Stroke ; 54(2): 468-475, 2023 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36533520

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Our objective is to describe adoption of the posthospitalization behaviors associated with successful transition of care and related baseline characteristics. METHODS: This study includes 550 participants in the Transition of Care Stroke Disparities Study, a prospective observational cohort derived from the Florida Stroke Registry. Participants had an ischemic stroke (2018-2021), discharged home or to rehabilitation, with modified Rankin Scale score=0-3 (44% women, 24% Black, 48% White, 26% Hispanic, 35% foreign-born). We collected baseline sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. A structured telephone interview at 30-day postdischarge evaluated outcomes including medication adherence, medical appointment attendance, outpatient therapy, exercise, diet modification, toxic habit cessation, and a calculated composite adequate transition of care measure. Multivariable analyses assessed the association of baseline characteristics with 30-day behaviors. RESULTS: At 30 days, medication adherence was achieved by 89%, medical appointments by 82%, outpatient therapy by 76%, exercise by 71%, diet modification by 68%, toxic habit cessation by 35%, and adequate transition of care measure by 67%. Successful adequate transition of care participants were more likely to be used full-time (42% versus 31%, P=0.02), live with a spouse (60% versus 47%, P=0.01), feel close to ≥3 individuals (84% versus 71%, P<0.01), have history of dyslipidemia (45 versus 34%, P=0.02), have thrombectomy (15% versus 8%, P=0.02), but less likely to have a history of smoking (17% versus 32%, P<0.001), coronary artery disease (14% versus 21%, P=0.04), and heart failure (3% versus 11%, P<0.01). Multivariable logistic regression analyses revealed that multiple socio-economic factors and prestroke comorbid diseases predicted fulfillment of transition of care measures. There was no difference in outcomes during the Covid-19 pandemic (2020-2021) compared with prepandemic years (2018-2019). CONCLUSIONS: One in 3 patients did not attain adequate 30-day transition of care behaviors. Their achievement varied substantially among different measures and was influenced by multiple socioeconomic and clinical factors. Interventions aimed at facilitating transition of care from hospital after stroke are needed. REGISTRATION: URL: https://clinicaltrials.gov/; Unique identifier: NCT03452813.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Ischemic Stroke , Stroke , Humans , Female , Male , Patient Transfer , Aftercare , Pandemics , Treatment Outcome , Patient Discharge , Stroke/therapy , Hospitalization , Thrombectomy
10.
PLoS One ; 17(12): e0279031, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36516150

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Patient referrals to tertiary level of care neurological services are often potentially avoidable and result in inferior clinical outcomes. To decrease transfer burden, stakeholders should acquire a comprehensive perception of specialty referral process dynamics. We identified associations between patient sociodemographic data, disease category and hospital characteristics and avoidable transfers, and differentiated factors underscoring informed decision making as essential care management aspects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We completed a retrospective observational study. The inclusion criteria were pediatric and adult patients with neurological diagnosis referred to our tertiary care hospital. The primary outcome was potentially avoidable transfers, which included patients discharged after 24 hours from admission without requiring neurosurgery, neuro-intervention, or specialized diagnostic methodologies and consult in non-neurologic specialties during their hospital stay. Variables included demographics, disease category, health insurance and referring hospital characteristics. RESULTS: Patient referrals resulted in 1615 potentially avoidable transfers. A direct correlation between increasing referral trends and unwarranted transfers was observed for dementia, spondylosis and trauma conversely, migraine, neuro-ophthalmic disease and seizure disorders showed an increase in unwarranted transfers with decreasing referral trends. The age group over 90 years (OR, 3.71), seizure disorders (OR, 4.16), migraine (OR, 12.50) and neuro-ophthalmic disease (OR, 25.31) significantly associated with higher probability of avoidable transfers. Disparities between pediatric and adult transfer cases were identified for discrete diagnoses. Hospital teaching status but not hospital size showed significant associations with potentially avoidable transfers. CONCLUSIONS: Neurological dysfunctions with overlapping clinical symptomatology in ageing patients have higher probability of unwarranted transfers. In pediatric patients, disease categories with complex symptomatology requiring sophisticated workup show greater likelihood of unwarranted transfers. Future transfer avoidance recommendations include implementation of measures that assist astute disorder assessment at the referring hospital such as specialized diagnostic modalities and teleconsultation. Additional moderators include after-hours specialty expertise provision and advanced directives education.


Subject(s)
Migraine Disorders , Patient Transfer , Humans , Child , Adult , Aged, 80 and over , Retrospective Studies , Referral and Consultation , Hospitals
11.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 93(nspe2): e228, dic. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1403322

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la creación de sistemas de traslado neonatal marcó una inflexión en cuanto a la reducción de morbimortalidad de los recién nacidos (RN). La Organización Panamericana de la Salud estima que 1% de los RN requerirá ingreso a la unidad de cuidados intensivos. El traslado ideal es intraútero, pero muchas veces esto no es posible, requiriendo un traslado neonatal. La regionalización de los sistemas de traslado, la capacitación de recursos humanos y la adquisición de materiales son elementos que han mejorado su calidad y disminuido su indicación. Objetivos: describir a los RN que requirieron traslado y valorar el impacto sobre ellos al adquirir materiales y recursos humanos capacitados. Metodología: estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo y multicéntrico, incluyendo todos los RN que requirieron traslado en el período 2016-2019. Variables analizadas: número de nacimientos, número de traslados, edad gestacional (EG), edad al momento del traslado, peso al nacer, tiempo de estabilización, oxigenoterapia y métodos, medicación recibida, medio de transporte y recursos humanos. Resultados y discusión: se realizaron 101 traslados neonatales, 1,5% del total de nacimientos. Variación anual: 2% de los RN en el año 2016, 1,6% en el 2017, 1,4% en el 2018, 1.1% en el 2019. Sector público: 63,3%. La media de EG fue de 33 semanas (25-40), modo 31 semanas. Pretérminos extremos 4,17%, pretérminos severos 37,5%, pretérminos moderados 17,7%, pretérminos tardíos 15,6% y de término 25%. La media de peso al nacer fue de 2.102 gramos (710-4.160), modo 1.440 gramos. La media de días al momento del traslado fue de 2,1 (3 horas-26 días). Indicaciones de traslado: prematurez 39,6%, otros SDR 22,9%, patología quirúrgica 13,5%, shock séptico 10,4%, asfixia/convulsiones 8,3% y cardiopatías 3%. Tratamiento durante la estabilización: oxigenoterapia 87,1%. Intubación orotraqueal y asistencia ventilatoria mecánica 71%, CPAP 9,7%, catéter nasal 6,4%. Requirieron surfactante 58,5%, antibióticos 77,4%, inotrópicos 26,6%, prostaglandinas 3,3%, aminofilina 3,3%. La media de tiempo de estabilización fue de 10,5 horas (3-36 horas). Destino: 64,3% Montevideo, 30,6% Tacuarembó, 3% Salto, 1% Canelones y 1% Minas. Medio de transporte: terrestre 95% y aéreo 5%. Fallecidos 1%. Recursos humanos disponibles: en 2016 un neonatólogo y seis pediatras. En 2019 tres neonatólogos, dos posgrados en neonatología, un pediatra intensivista, nueve pediatras (que se capacitaron en la estabilización del RN) y un supervisor docente y referente. Concomitante creación de unidades neonatales de estabilización con capacitación continua del personal de enfermería. Conclusiones: la principal causa de traslado fue la prematurez severa. Con la adquisición de recursos materiales adecuados y humanos capacitados se logró un descenso de casi 50% de los traslados. La regionalización ha ido en aumento pero se debe enfatizar, sobre todo en los RN menores a 1.000 gramos.


Introduction: the creation of neonatal transport systems showed a landmark regarding reduced morbidity and mortality of newborns (NB). The Pan-American Health Organization estimates that 1% of NBs require admission to an Intensive Care Unit. The ideal transport system would be intrauterine; however, many times this is not possible and neonatal transport services are needed. The regionalization of transport services, the training of human resources and the acquisition of materials have improved and therefore the need for transport services has decreased. Objectives: to describe the situation of newborns who required transport services and assess the impact on these services when acquiring materials and skilled human resources. Methodology: descriptive, retrospective and multicenter study, including all newborns who required transport services in 2016-2019. Variables analyzed: number of births, number of transfers, gestational age (GA), age at the time of transfer, birth weight, stabilization time, oxygen therapy and methods, medication received, means of transport and human resources. Results and discussion: 101 neonatal transfers were carried out, 1.5% of all births. Annual variation: 2% of newborns in 2016, 1.6% in 2017, 1.4% in 2018, 1.1% in 2019. Public sector: 63.3%. The mean GA was 33 weeks (25-40), mode 31 weeks. Extreme pre-terms 4.17%, severe pre-terms 37.5%, moderate pre-terms 17.7%, late pre-terms 15.6% and term newborns 25%. The mean birth weight was 2102 grams (710-4160), mode 1440 grams. The mean number of days at the time of transfer was 2.1 (3 hours-26 days). Transport main indications: prematurity 39.6%, other RDS 22.9%, surgical pathology 13.5%, septic shock 10.4%, asphyxia/seizures 8.3%, and heart disease 3%. Treatment during stabilization: Oxygen therapy: 87.1%. Orotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation assistance 71%, CPAP 9.7%, nasal catheter 6.4%. 58.5% required surfactant, 77.4% antibiotics, 26.6% inotropes, 3.3% prostaglandins, 3.3% aminophylline. The mean stabilization time was 10.5 hours (3-36 hours). Destination: 64.3% Montevideo, 30.6% Tacuarembó, 3% Salto, 1% Canelones and 1% Minas. Means of transport: land 95% and air 5%. Deceased 1%. Available human resources: in 2016, 1 neonatologist and 6 pediatricians. In 2019, 3 neonatologists, 2 post graduated doctors in neonatology, 1 intensivist pediatrician, 9 pediatricians (who were trained in NB stabilization) and an academic supervisor and referent. Simultaneous neonatal stabilization units with continuous training of the nursing staff were created. Conclusions: the main cause of neonatal transport was severe prematurity. With the acquisition of adequate material and trained human resources, a decrease of almost 50% of these transfers was achieved. Regionalization has been rising even though it should be strengthened, especially in newborns weighing less than 1000 grams.


Introdução: a criação dos sistemas de transporte neonatal marcou uma virada na redução da morbimortalidade de recém-nascidos (RN). A Organização Pan-Americana da Saúde estima que 1% dos RNs necessitarão de internação em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva. O transporte ideal é intrauterino, más muitas vezes isso não é possível, sendo necessário o transporte neonatal. A regionalização do transporte neonatal, a formação de recursos humanos e a aquisição de materiais, tem melhorado a qualidade e diminuído a indicação do transporte neonatal. Objetivos: descrever a situação dos recém-nascidos que necessitaram de transporte e avaliar o impacto da aquisição de materiais e recursos humanos capacitados sobre os resultados. Metodologia: estudo descritivo, retrospectivo e multicêntrico, incluindo todos os recém-nascidos que necessitaram de transporte no período 2016-2019. Variáveis analisadas: número de partos, número de transportes, idade gestacional (IG), idade no momento do transporte, peso ao nascer, tempo de estabilização, oxigenoterapia e métodos, medicação recebida, meio de transporte e recursos humanos. Resultados e discussão: foram realizados 101 transportes neonatais, 1,5% de todos os nascimentos. Variação anual: 2% dos recém-nascidos em 2016, 1,6% em 2017, 1,4% em 2018, 1,1% em 2019. Setor público: 63,3%. A média de IG foi de 33 semanas (25-40), moda de 31 semanas. Pré-termos maduros extremos 4,17%, pré-termos graves 37,5%, pré-termos moderados 17,7%, pré-termos tardios 15,6% e recém-nascidos a termo 25%. O peso médio ao nascer foi de 2.102 gramas (710-4.160), moda 1.440 gramas. O número médio de dias no momento do traslado foi de 2,1 (3 horas-26 dias). Indicações de transporte: prematuridade 39,6%, outras SDR 22,9%, patologia cirúrgica 13,5%, choque séptico 10,4%, asfixia/convulsões 8,3% e cardiopatia 3%. Tratamento durante a estabilização: Oxigenoterapia: 87,1%. Intubação orotraqueal e assistência à ventilação mecânica 71%, CPAP 9,7%, cateter nasal 6,4%. 58,5% necessitaram de surfactante, 77,4% de antibióticos, 26,6% de inotrópicos, 3,3% de prostaglandinas, 3,3% de aminofilina. O tempo médio de estabilização foi de 10,5 horas (3-36 horas). Destino: 64,3% Montevidéu, 30,6% Tacuarembo, 3% Salto, 1% Canelones e 1% Minas. Meios de transporte: terrestre 95% e aéreo 5%. Falecidos 1%. Recursos humanos disponíveis: em 2016, 1 neonatologista e 6 pediatras. Em 2019, 3 neonatologistas, 2 pós-graduados em neonatologia,1 pediatra intensivista, 9 pediatras (treinados em estabilização de RN) e uma supervisora e referente académica. Simultaneamente se criaram unidades de estabilização neonatal com treinamento contínuo da equipe de enfermagem. Conclusões: a principal causa de transporte neonatal foi a prematuridade grave. Com a aquisição de material adequado e recursos humanos capacitados, conseguiu-se uma diminuição de quase 50% dos traslados. A regionalização vem aumentando, mas deve ser reforçada, principalmente para os casos de recém-nascidos com menos de 1.000 gramas de peso.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Health Evaluation/statistics & numerical data , Patient Transfer/statistics & numerical data , Clinical Competence , Health Personnel/education , Uruguay , Retrospective Studies , Public Sector , Private Sector , Observational Study
12.
Med Klin Intensivmed Notfmed ; 118(1): 73-83, 2023 Feb.
Article in German | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36507960

ABSTRACT

Critically ill patients in need of specialized diagnostic or therapeutic procedures, but are being cared for in a hospital without such equipment, have to be transferred to appropriate centers without discontinuation of current critical care (interhospital critical care transfer). These transfers are resource intensive, challenging, and require high logistical effort, which must be managed by a specialized and highly trained team, predeployment planning and efficient crew-resource management strategies. If planned adequately, interhospital critical care transfers can be performed safely without frequent adverse events. Beside routine interhospital critical care transfers, there are special missions (e.g., for patients in quarantine or supported by extracorporeal organ support) that might require adaption of the team composition or standard equipment. This article describes interhospital critical care transport missions including their different phases and special circumstances.


Subject(s)
Ambulances , Patient Transfer , Humans , Critical Care/methods , Transportation of Patients/methods , Critical Illness/therapy
13.
African journal of emergency medicine (Print) ; 12(4): 339-343, 2022. tales, figures
Article in English | AIM (Africa) | ID: biblio-1401852

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Rural health clinics in low-resource settings worldwide are usually staffed with health care workers with limited knowledge and skills in managing acute emergencies. The Emergency Centre (EC) at the district hospital or primary hospital serves as an entry point for patients with diverse medical needs from health posts and community clinics. The study described the socio-demographic characteristics, primary diagnosis, and disposition of patients transferred from the clinics and health posts to the district hospital in the Kweneng district. Method: This study is a chart audit of the triage sheets and admitting medical records (Botswana Integrated Patient Management System, IPMS) conducted for the period June through to December 2020. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the quantitative data. Frequencies, percentages, and measures of central tendency were calculated using the software, SPSS version 27. Results: A total of 1565 charts were reviewed; 56% (n = 877) were females and 43.5% (n = 681) were males. Half of the patients presenting to the EC ranged from ages 21 to 50, with a mean age of 36.49. The most frequently reported reason for referral was "trauma," (23.5%, n = 368) whereas the second common reason for referral was abortion-related complications (14.2%, n = 222). The highest admissions were from abortion-related complications (20.2%, n = 169). Most patients' transfers were from clinics and health posts outside Molepolole (59.4%, n = 930). More than half of the patients (64.2%, n = 537) transferred from outside Molepolole were admitted than discharged from the EC. Discussion: Our study has shown significant transfers to a higher facility for emergency care. The higher number of transfers are trauma-related cases, whereas most patients were admitted for abortion-related complications indicating the need for skill-building in trauma care and management of abortions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diagnosis of Health Situation , Patients , Patient Transfer , Emergency Medical Services
14.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 1472, 2022 Dec 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36463159

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In attempt to improve continuity of patient care and reduce length of stay, hospitals have placed an increased focus on reducing delayed discharges through discharge planning. Several benefits and challenges to team-based approaches for discharge planning have been identified. Despite this, professional hierarchies and power dynamics are common challenges experienced by healthcare providers who are trying to work as a team when dealing with delayed discharges. The objective of this study was to explore what was working well with formal care team-based discharge processes, as well as challenges experienced, in order to outline how teams can function to better support transitions for patients experiencing a delayed discharge.  METHODS: We conducted a descriptive qualitative study with hospital-based healthcare providers, managers and organizational leaders who had experience with delayed discharges. Participants were recruited from two diverse health regions in Ontario, Canada. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted in-person, by telephone or teleconference between December 2019 and October 2020. All interviews were recorded and transcribed. A codebook was developed by the research team and applied to all transcripts. Data were analyzed inductively, as well as deductively through directed content analysis. RESULTS: We organized our findings into three main categories - (1) collaboration with physicians makes a difference; (2) leadership should meaningfully engage with frontline providers and (3) partnerships across sectors are critical. Regular physician engagement, as equal members of the team, was recommended to improve consistent communication, relationship building between providers, accessibility, and in-person communication. Participants highlighted the need for a dedicated senior leader who ensured members of the team were treated as equals and advocated for the team. Improved partnerships across sectors included the enhanced integration of community-based providers into discharge planning by placing more focus on collaborative practice, combined discharge planning meetings, and having embedded and physically accessible care coordinators in the hospital. CONCLUSIONS: Team-based approaches for delayed discharge can offer benefits. However, to optimize how teams function in supporting these processes, it is important to consistently collaborate with physicians, ensure senior leadership engage with and seek feedback from frontline providers through co-design, and actively integrate the community sector in discharge planning.


Subject(s)
Patient Discharge , Patient Transfer , Humans , Ontario , Hospitals , Qualitative Research
15.
Rev Gaucha Enferm ; 43(spe): e20220142, 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36449839

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate an interprofessional manual for the transfer of care to critically ill adult patients. METHOD: Methodological study, conducted from January to September 2019. The content of the manual was listed by the multidisciplinary team of an adult Intensive Care Unit, in southern Brazil. In the validation by the professionals, the content validity index (CVI) of the evaluation questions was calculated. Subsequently, a sample of 30 patients/caregivers evaluated the product, and the arithmetic mean of the questions was calculated. RESULTS: The manual addresses important information and care transition guidance for patients and caregivers, from admission to the intensive care to discharge to the inpatient unit. The professionals' CVI ranged from 0.9 to 1. The arithmetic mean of 17 patients and 13 caregivers was 3.8. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: The validated manual can be used as a complementary material for health education and qualify the transition of care.


Subject(s)
Body Fluids , Patient Discharge , Adult , Humans , Patient Transfer , Critical Care , Intensive Care Units
16.
J Gerontol Nurs ; 48(12): 35-42, 2022 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36441067

ABSTRACT

The Family Caregiver Activation in Transitions (FCAT) tool in its current, non-scalar form is not pragmatic for clinical use as each item is scored and intended to be interpreted individually. The purpose of the current study was to create a scalar version of the FCAT to facilitate better care communications between hospital staff and family caregivers. We also assessed the scale's validity by comparing the scalar version of the measure against patient health measures. Data were collected from 463 family caregiver-patient dyads from January 2016 to July 2019. An exploratory factor analysis was performed on the 10-item FCAT, resulting in a statistically homogeneous six-item scale focused on current caregiving activation factors. The measure was then compared against patient health measures, with no significant biases found. The six-item scalar FCAT can provide hospital staff insight into the level of caregiver activation occurring in the patient's health care and help tailor care transition needs for family caregiver-patient dyads. [Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 48(12), 35-42.].


Subject(s)
Caregivers , Geriatric Nursing , Humans , Aged , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Communication , Patient Transfer
17.
Age Ageing ; 51(11)2022 Nov 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36413591

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: care home residents aged over 65 have disproportionate rates of emergency department (ED) attendance and hospitalisation. Around 40% attendances may be avoidable, and hospitalisation is associated with harms. We synthesised the evidence available in qualitative systematic reviews of different stakeholders' experiences of decisions to transfer residents to the ED. METHODS: six electronic databases, references and citations of included reviews and relevant policy documents were searched. Reviews of qualitative studies exploring factors that influenced care home staff, medical practitioners, residents' family or residents' experiences and factors influencing decisions to transfer residents to the ED were included. Thematic analysis was used to synthesise findings. RESULTS: six previous reviews were included, which synthesised the findings of 34 primary studies encompassing 152 care home residents, 283 resident family members or carers and 447 care home staff. Of the primary studies, 19 were conducted in the North America, seven in Australia, five were conducted in Scandinavia, two in the United Kingdom and one in Holland. Three themes were identified: (i) power dynamics between residents, family members, care home staff and health care professionals (external to the care home) influence decisions; (ii) admission can be necessary; however, (iii) some decisions may be driven by factors other than clinical need. CONCLUSION: transfer decisions are complex and are determined not just by changes in health status interventions aimed at reducing avoidable transfers need to address the key role family members have in transfer decisions, the medical legal fears of care home staff and barriers to accessing community services.


Subject(s)
Nursing Homes , Patient Transfer , Humans , Aged , Emergency Service, Hospital , Hospitalization , Family
19.
Viana do Castelo; s.n; 20220728. il., tab..
Thesis in Portuguese | BDENF | ID: biblio-1400316

ABSTRACT

O presente relatório apresenta-se como o testemunho que demonstra a aprendizagem adquirida durante o Estágio de Natureza Profissional. Este emerge como a derradeira etapa para a conclusão do ciclo de estudos referente ao curso de Mestrado em Enfermagem Médico-Cirúrgica. Pretendemos evidenciar através de uma análise crítico-reflexiva, as atividades desenvolvidas que permitiram a aquisição de competências em contexto do estágio. Estas competências adquiridas tiveram por base as Competências Comuns do Enfermeiro Especialista e as Competências Específicas para o Enfermeiro Especialista Médico-Cirúrgica na área de enfermagem à Pessoa em Situação Crítica. As transições de cuidados e a frequência com que são efetuadas são momentos considerados de grande vulnerabilidade para o doente pelo risco de omissão e erro nas informações, pelo que uma comunicação eficaz assume um papel preponderante na garantia de qualidade na transição. Neste sentido, integrado neste percurso foi realizado um estudo de investigação que resultou de uma inquietação pessoal, decorrente da prática profissional e que incidiu sobre a comunicação da informação na transição cuidados do doente crítico sujeito a intervenção cirúrgica, do Bloco operatório para a Unidade de Cuidados Intensivos. Os resultados indicam que a forma de comunicação oral da transmissão da informação deve ser suportada pela informação escrita. Foi apontada a informação mais valorizada a ser transmitida, estando esta relacionada com os dados pessoais do doente, com a intervenção cirúrgica, fármacos utilizados e intercorrências no intraoperatório. Foram identificados fatores que interferem negativamente na comunicação da informação, dos quais salientamos o ruído na comunicação e a execução de várias funções em simultâneo pelos enfermeiros. Como fatores considerados positivos destacamos a organização estruturada da informação a transmitir, a existência de um ambiente calmo e tranquilo e a informação. Como sugestões de melhoria foi referido a elaboração de um procedimento padrão como contributo de ajuda à comunicação da informação na transição de cuidados. Da experiência de estágio, salientamos a importância deste percurso de formação no aprofundamento de conhecimento, na reflexão sobre as práticas em contexto e no desenvolvimento de competências nas várias dimensões da prestação de cuidados à pessoa em situação crítica e família, formação, gestão e investigação.


This report presents as the testimony that demonstrates the acquired learning during the Professional Internship. This emerges as the last step towards the conclusion of the cycle of studies related to the Master's degree in Medical-Surgical Nursing. We intend to highlight, through a critical-reflexive analysis, the developed activities that allowed the acquisition of competencies in the context of the internship. These acquired competencies were based on the Common Competencies of the Specialist Nurse and the Specific Competencies for the Medical-Surgical Specialist Nurse in the nursing's area the Person in Critical Situation. Care transitions and the frequency with which they are carried out are considered moments of great vulnerability for the patient due to the risk of omission and error in the information, so effective communication plays a key role in ensuring quality in the transition. Therefore, as part of this pathway, a research study was conducted which resulted from a personal concern arising from professional practice and which focused on the communication of information in the transition of care for critically ill patients undergoing surgery from the Operating Room to the Intensive Care Unit. The results indicate that the oral communication form of information transmission should be supported by written information. The most valued information to be transmitted was identified, being related to the patient's personal data, the surgical intervention, drugs used and intraoperative complications. Factors that negatively interfere in the communication of information were identified, such as the noise in communication and the nurses' simultaneous performance of several functions. As positive factors, we highlight the structured organization of the information to be conveyed, the existence of a calm and quiet environment and information. As suggestions for improvement, the preparation of a standard procedure was mentioned as an aid to the communication of information in the transition of care. From the internship experience, we highlight the importance of this training pathway in the deepening of knowledge, in the reflection on the practices in context and in the development of skills in the various dimensions of care provision to the critically ill person and family, training, management and research.


Subject(s)
Patient Transfer , Critical Illness , Communication
20.
Am Fam Physician ; 106(5): 567-570, 2022 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36379505
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