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2.
PLoS One ; 16(5): e0251410, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1604261

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to explore the impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 epidemic on ongoing and upcoming drug clinical trials. Qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted with clinical trial staff and clinical trial subjects were surveyed by questionnaire in this study. The results of interviews and questionnaire showed that coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic has led to many changes in the implementation of drug clinical trials, including: a variety of meetings being held online webinars using various platforms, telemedicine and follow-up by video, A large number of deviations from protocol and losses of follow-up, delivery of clinical trial drugs by express, additional workload caused by screening for coronavirus, and anxiety of subjects. These results suggest that the coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak has hindered the progress and damaged the quality of clinical trials. The online meeting, remote follow-up, express delivery of drugs and remote monitoring in the epidemic environment can ensure the progress of clinical trials to a certain extent, but they cannot fully guarantee the quality as before.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/pathology , Clinical Trials as Topic , Adult , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Anxiety/etiology , COVID-19/drug therapy , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/virology , Humans , Interviews as Topic , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Patients/psychology , Research Personnel/psychology , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , Surveys and Questionnaires , Telemedicine , Young Adult
3.
Rinsho Shinkeigaku ; 62(1): 8-14, 2022 Jan 28.
Article in Japanese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1579997

ABSTRACT

We conducted the multicenter questionnaire survey targeting patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) in order to investigate the impacts on their daily lives and their requests to hospitals in the pandemic of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Mainly using open-ended questionnaire, we asked their anxiety, troubles they are facing, and requests toward hospitals in the pandemic of SARS-CoV-2. Two hundred fifth-eight PD patients answered the questionnaire. There were various opinions about anxiety such as "PD patients are susceptible and vulnerable to SARS-CoV-2" (36.8%). Concerning the troubles in the pandemic, the most frequent answer was that they couldn't participate in the rehabilitation and elderly day care (38.4%). Relatively many PD patients requested telemedicine (29.5%), whereas some people hoped face-to-face medical care (8.1%). There were demands about the delivery of medications (50.0%), the establishment of telephone consultations (43.8%), resources for rehabilitation at home (43.8%). The medical care adapted to the anxiety, trouble and requests of PD patients will be required in the era when we have to live with SARS-CoV-2.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Health Care Surveys , Health Surveys , Pandemics , Parkinson Disease/psychology , Parkinson Disease/therapy , Patients/psychology , Aged , Anxiety , COVID-19/epidemiology , Humans , Parkinson Disease/rehabilitation , Telemedicine
4.
rev. colomb. cienc. soc ; 12(2): 778-804, 2021.
Article in Spanish | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1573042

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este trabajo fue realizar una aproximación conceptual y análisis de prácticas que permitan problematizar la inclusión de estrategias comunitarias en abordajes integrales de salud mental. Desde una perspectiva cualitativa, este escrito es producto de un proceso de articulación conceptual y sistematización derivado de un análisis reflexivo sobre prácticas de salud mental desarrolladas en el primer nivel de atención en la ciudad y provincia de Buenos Aires desde el año 2010. Se reconoce la fragilización de redes comunitarias como una problemática colectiva en salud mental, y se propone a la promoción en salud mental como estrategia central que permite, desde una perceptiva no normativa e integral, el desarrollo de acciones participativas y el fortalecimiento de lazos comunitarios solidarios como recursos colectivos para el cuidado de la salud mental. Se abordan ejes problemáticos relevados en la implementación de dichas prácticas y su relación con una vigente tensión entre los modelos biomédico e integral de atención. Se articulan reflexiones relacionadas a la pandemia por COVID-19, evidenciando una necesidad actual de profundizar el desarrollo de estrategias comunitarias en salud mental.


The objective of this work was to carry out a conceptual approach and analysis of practices that allow problematizing the inclusion of community strategies in comprehensive mental health approaches. From a qualitative perspective, this paper is the result of a process of conceptual articulation and systematization derived from a reflexive analysis of mental health practices developed in the first level of care in the City and Province of Buenos Aires since 2010. The fragilization of community networks is recognized as a collective mental health problem, and mental health promotion is proposed as a central strategy that allows, from a non-normative and comprehensive perspective, the development of participatory actions and the strengthening of supportive community bonds, as collective resources for mental health care. It addresses problematic axes revealed in the implementation of such practices and their relationship with a current tension between the biomedical and integral models of care. Reflections related to the COVID-19 pandemic are articulated, evidencing a current need to deepen the development of community strategies in mental health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Patients/psychology , Psychology, Social , Community Participation/methods , Patient Care
5.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 23711, 2021 12 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1565733

ABSTRACT

Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, evidence shows the negative psychological impact of lockdown measures in the general population. It is also important to identify predictors of psychological distress in vulnerable people, particularly patients with history of depressive episodes (the most prevalent psychiatric disorder), in order to adapt mental health strategies for future lockdown measures. This study aim was to (1) compare in 69 healthy controls (HC) and 346 patients with a major depressive episode in the two previous years (PP) self-reported psychological symptoms (depression, anxiety, insomnia, suicidal ideation, traumatic stress, anger) and living conditions during the first national French lockdown, and (2) identify predictors of significant psychological distress in PP. The levels of psychological symptoms were very low in HC compared with PP, independently of the living conditions. Half of PP had no psychiatric contact during the lockdown. Loneliness and boredom were independent predictors of depression, anxiety and insomnia, whereas daily physical activity was a protective factor. Virtual contacts protected against suicidal ideation. Our results highlight the need of specific strategies to target loneliness and boredom and to improve care access, including telepsychiatry. Longitudinal studies must investigate the COVID-19 pandemic psychological impact in clinical samples.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Depressive Disorder, Major/psychology , Mood Disorders/psychology , Patients/psychology , Quarantine/psychology , Adaptation, Psychological , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Anger , Anxiety/psychology , Boredom , Female , France , Health Services Accessibility , Humans , Loneliness/psychology , Male , Mental Health/statistics & numerical data , Middle Aged , Patients/statistics & numerical data , Psychological Distress , SARS-CoV-2 , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/psychology , Social Conditions/statistics & numerical data , Social Determinants of Health , Stress Disorders, Traumatic/psychology , Suicidal Ideation , Telemedicine , Young Adult
6.
Ophthalmology ; 129(3): 258-266, 2022 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1540882

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Emerging evidence suggests that the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is disrupting health behaviors such as medication adherence. The objective of this study was to determine whether adherence to ocular hypotensive medication was affected by the pandemic and to identify factors associated with this change. DESIGN: In this cohort study, we used a controlled interrupted time series design in which the interruption was the declaration of the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States on March 13, 2020. The 300-day monitoring period, which evenly bracketed this declaration, started on October 16, 2019, and ended on August 10, 2020. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with primary open-angle glaucoma enrolled in an ongoing longitudinal National Institutes of Health-funded study initiated before the onset of the pandemic were selected if they were prescribed ocular hypotensive medication and had adherence data spanning the 300-day period. METHODS: We applied segmented regression analysis using a "slope change following a lag" impact model to obtain the adherence slopes in the periods before and after the segmentation. We compared the 2 slopes using the Davies test. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The main outcome measure was daily adherence to ocular hypotensive medication, defined as the number of doses taken divided by the number of doses prescribed, expressed in percent. Adherence was measured objectively using Medication Event Monitoring System caps. We assessed the associations between change in adherence and demographic, clinical, and psychosocial factors. RESULTS: The sample included 79 patients (mean age, 71 years [standard deviation, 8 years]). Segmented regression identified a breakpoint at day 28 after the declaration of the pandemic. The slope in the period after the breakpoint (-0.04%/day) was significantly different from zero (P < 0.001) and from the slope in the period before the breakpoint (0.006%/day; P < 0.001). Mean adherence in the period before the segmentation breakpoint was significantly worse in Black patients (median, IQR: 80.6%, 36.2%) compared with White patients (median, IQR: 97.2%, 8.7%; chi-square, 15.4; P = 0.0004). A significant positive association was observed between the Connor-Davidson resilience score and the change in slope between the periods before and after the breakpoint (P = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: Adherence to ocular hypotensive medication worsened during the COVID-19 pandemic and seems to be related to patient resilience. This collateral consequence of the pandemic may translate into vision loss that may manifest beyond its containment.


Subject(s)
Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use , COVID-19/epidemiology , Glaucoma, Open-Angle/drug therapy , Medication Adherence/statistics & numerical data , SARS-CoV-2 , Aged , Cohort Studies , Drug Prescriptions/statistics & numerical data , Female , Humans , Intraocular Pressure , Male , Middle Aged , Ophthalmic Solutions , Patients/psychology , Psychology , Resilience, Psychological , United States/epidemiology
10.
Psychiatr Q ; 92(4): 1785-1796, 2021 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1378979

ABSTRACT

The need for consultation-liaison psychiatry on COVID-19 wards has substantially increased since the start of the pandemic. In this cross-sectional study, we aimed to summarize the characteristics of patients admitted to the post-COVID-19 ward of the American University of Beirut Medical Center who received a psychiatric consultation. We collected relevant sociodemographic and medical data, information about past psychiatric history, psychiatry consultation details, hospital course, and disposition outcome. We also conducted chi-square and binary logistic regression analyses to assess the association between the different variables and disposition outcome. A total of 52 patients (mean age 57.33 years; equal gender distribution) were seen by the psychiatry consult-liaison team. Most had medical comorbidities and 21.2% required intubation. The most prevalent psychiatric diagnoses were delirium (30.8%), major depressive episode (15.4%), and other anxiety disorder (15.4%). Pharmacological management was implemented in 90.4% of cases and mainly included second-generation antipsychotics (36.5%). Non-pharmacological interventions consisted of those related to delirium and therapy for anxiety. Only intubation was significantly associated with disposition outcome (p = 0.004). This study highlights the various psychiatric themes emerging during the acute and post-acute periods of hospitalization for COVID-19. Hospitalized individuals recovering from the infection should be diligently screened and referred to the psychiatry consultation-liaison team to ensure the implementation of appropriate interventions.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Mental Disorders , Mental Health Services , Patients , Referral and Consultation , Adult , Aged , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/therapy , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Mental Disorders/epidemiology , Mental Disorders/therapy , Mental Health Services/statistics & numerical data , Middle Aged , Patients/psychology , Patients/statistics & numerical data , Referral and Consultation/statistics & numerical data
11.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0256578, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1378137

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Concern about long waiting times for elective surgeries is not a recent phenomenon, but it has been heightened by the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and its associated measures. One way to alleviate the problem might be to use prioritisation methods for patients on the waiting list and a wide range of research is available on such methods. However, significant variations and inconsistencies have been reported in prioritisation protocols from various specialties, institutions, and health systems. To bridge the evidence gap in existing literature, this comprehensive systematic review will synthesise global evidence on policy strategies with a unique insight to patient prioritisation methods to reduce waiting times for elective surgeries. This will provide evidence that might help with the tremendous burden of surgical disease that is now apparent in many countries because of operations that were delayed or cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic and inform policy for sustainable healthcare management systems. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, SCOPUS, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library, with our most recent searches in January 2020. Articles published after 2013 on major elective surgery lists of adult patients were eligible, but cancer and cancer-related surgeries were excluded. Both randomised and non-randomised studies were eligible and the quality of studies was assessed with ROBINS-I and CASP tools. We registered the review in PROSPERO (CRD42019158455) and reported it in accordance with the PRISMA statement. RESULTS: The electronic search in five bibliographic databases yielded 7543 records (PubMed, EMBASE, SCOPUS, Web of Science, and Cochrane) and 17 eligible articles were identified in the screening. There were four quasi-experimental studies, 11 observational studies and two systematic reviews. These demonstrated moderate to low risk of bias in their research methods. Three studies tested generic approaches using common prioritisation systems for all elective surgeries in common. The other studies assessed specific prioritisation approaches for re-ordering the waiting list for a particular surgical specialty. CONCLUSIONS: Explicit prioritisation tools with a standardised scoring system based on clear evidence-based criteria are likely to reduce waiting times and improve equitable access to health care. Multiple attributes need to be considered in defining a fair prioritisation system to overcome limitations with local variations and discriminations. Collating evidence from a diverse body of research provides a single framework to improve the quality and efficiency of elective surgical care provision in a variety of health settings. Universal prioritisation tools with vertical and horizontal equity would help with re-ordering patients on waiting lists for elective surgery and reduce waiting times.


Subject(s)
Elective Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/virology , Databases, Factual , Humans , Pandemics , Patients/psychology , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , Waiting Lists
12.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0256544, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1374151

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) represent a vulnerable population potentially negatively affected by COVID-19-associated reallocation of healthcare resources. Here, we report the impact of COVID-19 on the management of HCC patients in a large tertiary care hospital. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed clinical data of HCC patients who presented at the Vienna General Hospital, between 01/DEC/2019 and 30/JUN/2020. We compared patient care before (period 1) and after (period 2) implementation of COVID-19-associated healthcare restrictions on 16/MAR/2020. RESULTS: Of 126 patients, majority was male (n = 104, 83%) with a mean age of 66±11 years. Half of patients (n = 57, 45%) had impaired liver function (Child-Pugh stage B/C) and 91 (72%) had intermediate-advanced stage HCC (BCLC B-D). New treatment, was initiated in 68 (54%) patients. Number of new HCC diagnoses did not differ between the two periods (n = 14 vs. 14). While personal visits were reduced, an increase in teleconsultation was observed (period 2). Number of patients with visit delays (n = 31 (30%) vs. n = 10 (10%); p = 0.001) and imaging delays (n = 25 (25%) vs. n = 7 (7%); p = 0.001) was higher in period 2. Accordingly, a reduced number of patients was discussed in interdisciplinary tumor boards (lowest number in April (n = 24), compared to a median number of 57 patients during period 1). Median number of elective/non-elective admissions was not different between the periods. One patient contracted COVID-19 with lethal outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Changes in patient care included reduced personal contacts but increased telephone visits, and delays in diagnostic procedures. The effects on long-term outcome need to be determined.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/diagnosis , Liver Neoplasms/diagnosis , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , COVID-19/virology , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/drug therapy , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/mortality , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Delayed Diagnosis , Female , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Liver Neoplasms/mortality , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging , Pandemics , Patients/psychology , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , Survival Rate , Telemedicine , Tertiary Care Centers
13.
Nurs Outlook ; 69(1): 13-21, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1368740

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The rapidly evolving COVID-19 pandemic has become a global health crisis. Several factors influencing risk perception have been identified, including knowledge of the disease, information sources, and emotional states. Prior studies on COVID-19-related risk perception primarily focused on the general public, with little data available on COVID-19 patients. PURPOSE: To investigate COVID-19 patients' risk perception, knowledge of the disease, information sources, and emotional states in the epicenter, Wuhan, during the COVID-19 outbreak in China. METHODS: Data were collected online using self-administered electronic questionnaire developed with reference to previous relevant studies and publications by the World Health Organization. FINDINGS: A higher level of perceived risk was found in relation to COVID-19 as compared to other potential health threats. Knowledge gaps existed regarding transmission and prevention of COVID-19. Additionally, risk perception was negatively related to knowledge and positively related to depressive states. Moreover, social media was a primary source for COVID-19 information, whereas the most trusted sources were health professionals. DISCUSSION: Realistic perception of risk should be encouraged considering both physical and mental health while developing relevant strategies. Furthermore, risk communication needs to be specifically tailored for various target groups, such as the elderly and mentally vulnerable individuals, with the adoption of popular media platforms.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/therapy , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Patients/psychology , Adult , Aged , COVID-19/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Consumer Health Information/statistics & numerical data , Emotions , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Patients/statistics & numerical data , Risk Assessment , Surveys and Questionnaires , Young Adult
14.
CMAJ ; 193(30): E1198-E1199, 2021 08 03.
Article in French | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1341519
15.
PLoS One ; 16(7): e0253664, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1311283

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has had a profound worldwide impact. Vietnam, a lower middle-income country with limited resources, has successfully slowed this pandemic. The objectives of this report are to explore the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the research activities of an ongoing hypertension trial using a storytelling intervention in Vietnam. METHODS: Data were collected in a mixed-methods study among 86 patients and 10 health care workers participating in a clinical trial designed to improve hypertension control. Several questions related to the impact of COVID-19 on patient's daily activities and adherence to the study interventions were included in the follow-up visits. A focus group discussion was conducted among health care workers to discuss the impact of COVID-19 on research related activities. RESULTS: Fewer patients in the intervention group reported that they faced difficulties in adhering to prescribed study interventions, wanted to receive a call from a dedicated hotline, or have a visit from a community health worker as compared with those in the comparison group. Most study patients are willing to participate in future health research studies. When asked about the potential use of mobile phones in health research studies, fewer patients in the intervention group felt comfortable using a mobile phone for the delivery of intervention and interviews compared with those in the comparison condition. Community health workers shared that they visited patient's homes more often than previously due to the pandemic and health care workers had to perform more virus containment activities without a corresponding increase in ancillary staff. CONCLUSIONS: Both patients and health care workers in Vietnam faced difficulties in adhering to recommended trial interventions and procedures. Multiple approaches for intervention delivery and data collection are needed to overcome these difficulties during future health crises and enhance the implementation of future research studies. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov. Registration number: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03590691 (registration date July 17, 2018).


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Clinical Laboratory Services/standards , Clinical Trials as Topic , Medical Laboratory Personnel/psychology , Patients/psychology , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Clinical Laboratory Services/statistics & numerical data , Female , Humans , Hypertension/epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Patient Compliance , Vietnam
16.
Psychiatr Q ; 92(4): 1549-1563, 2021 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1258235

ABSTRACT

The current study aimed to investigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the mental health of people with OCD and the degree of family accommodation (FA) by live-in family members across phases of the lockdown measures imposed by the Belgian government. Forty-nine OCD patients and 26 live-in family members participated in the study. We assessed OCD symptom severity and FA of the live-in family members, as well as depressive symptoms, anxiety and stress levels and COVID-19 related psychological distress of patients and family members at four different timepoints: one month after the start of the lockdown (T1), during the gradual relaxation (T2), between the two waves (T3) and during the second wave (T4). Results showed that although COVID-19 related stress increased and decreased in accordance with the waxing and waning pattern of the pandemic, OCD symptoms showed an initial slight increase followed by a decrease at T3 and again at T4. Changes in family members' accommodation of symptoms followed the same course as the OCD symptoms. Furthermore, OCD symptoms correlated with depressive symptoms, anxiety and stress levels and COVID-19 related distress at all timepoints. It is important to involve family members in the treatment of OCD even during a pandemic. Clinicians should also pay attention to symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress during OCD treatment. Further research is necessary to entangle the causal relationship between OCD symptoms, FA and symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress.


Subject(s)
Adaptation, Psychological , COVID-19 , Family , Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder , Pandemics , Patients , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19/psychology , Communicable Disease Control , Family/psychology , Humans , Longitudinal Studies , Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder/epidemiology , Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder/psychology , Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder/therapy , Patients/psychology
17.
Psychiatr Q ; 92(4): 1531-1539, 2021 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1252185

ABSTRACT

We investigated the effects of lockdown, as implemented by retirement homes to cope with the spread of Covid-19, on hallucinatory experiences in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). The study included 47 patients with AD living in retirement homes and who were already experiencing hallucinations prior to the lockdown. We invited caregivers to rate hallucinatory experiences in these patients during the lockdown, and compared this rating with that provided by the same caregivers prior to the lockdown. Results demonstrated increased hallucinatory experiences in patients with AD during the lockdown, compared with before the lockdown. The decrease in social and physical activities during the lockdown, and especially, the physical separation of residents from family members, might have led to decreased sensory stimulation and increased loneliness, and consequently, to the hallucinatory experiences in patients with AD living in retirement homes during the lockdown. While the restrictive measures were necessary to cope with the spread of Covid-19, these measures have increased hallucinations in patients with AD living in retirement homes, at least in those who were already experiencing hallucinations prior to the lockdown.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , COVID-19 , Communicable Disease Control , Hallucinations , Patients , Aged , Alzheimer Disease/epidemiology , Alzheimer Disease/therapy , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Female , Hallucinations/epidemiology , Homes for the Aged/organization & administration , Humans , Male , Patients/psychology , Patients/statistics & numerical data
18.
Indian J Med Ethics ; VI(1): 1-5, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1257354

ABSTRACT

Violence against medical professionals and destruction of hospital property by frustrated patients and their relatives occur frequently in India (1) and in other countries (2, 3). However, harassment of healthcare workers by the police has, so far, not been an issue in the Indian healthcare system. Now, cases of harassment of medical professionals by the police have emerged during the Covid-19 pandemic. Ironically, both doctors and police personnel have been considered "frontline heroes" against the pandemic in India. We present some cases of such attacks.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/psychology , Health Personnel/psychology , Patients/psychology , Police/psychology , Workplace Violence/psychology , Adult , Female , Health Personnel/statistics & numerical data , Humans , India , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Police/statistics & numerical data , SARS-CoV-2 , Workplace Violence/statistics & numerical data
19.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 21(supl.1): 197-204, Feb. 2021. tab
Article in English | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1229085

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to understand indicators of the social representation of the coronavirus in adolescents undergoing cancer treatment during the COVID -19pandemic. Methods: the theory of social representations was used as theoretical and methodological support in its procedural approach in an exploratory study of a qualitative nature. The free word association technique was used in the application of virtual forms using guidelines of the snowball method. The terms 'Coronavirus', 'Going to the hospital' and 'Cancer treatment' were applied. After that moment, the participants were asked for a hierarchy and justification of the evoked words. Data analysis was based on content analysis and frequency distribution of the content produced. Results: articulations were made on the impacts that the pandemic situation had on the treatment experience of that population. It was identified a character endowed with fear and tension about the elaboration of the reality of these subjects in the current period in face of the inevitability of a hospital scenario that facilitates contamination and facing the immunological vulnerability characteristic of their treatments. Conclusions: the participants constructed different contents of psychological suffering aimed at expressions of fear and insecurity experienced during the pandemic period in the face of assistance in the hospital setting. This study is understood as a contribution to more effective actions in order to adapt the care plan of this population, aiming at future professional interventions.


Resumo Objetivos: compreender indicadores da representação social do coronavírus em jovens em tratamento oncológico durante a pandemia do COVID-19. Métodos: utilizou-se como apoio teórico-metodológico a teoria das representações sociais na sua abordagem processual em estudo exploratório de natureza qualitativa. Empregou-se a técnica de associação livre de palavras na aplicação de formulários virtuais utilizando diretrizes do método bola de neve. Foram aplicados os termos indutores 'Coronavírus', 'Ir ao hospital' e 'Tratamento contra o câncer'. Após esse momento foi solicitado aos participantes uma hierarquização e justificativa das palavras evocadas. A análise dos dados foi pautada na análise de conteúdo e distribuição de frequência dos conteúdos produzidos. Resultados: realizou-se articulações sobre os impactos que a conjuntura pandêmica gerou na experiência de tratamento da referida população. Identificou-se um carácter dotado de receio e tensão sobre a elaboração da realidade desses sujeitos no período atual diante da inevitabilidade de um cenário hospitalar facilitador da contaminação e frente a vulnerabilidade imunológica característica de seus tratamentos. Conclusões: os participantes construíram diferentes conteúdos de sofrimento psicológico voltados para expressões de medo e insegurança vivenciadas no período da pandemia diante da assistência em cenário hospitalar. Entende-se este estudo como uma contribuição para ações mais efetivas no intuito de adequar o plano de cuidado dessa população, visando futuras intervenções profissionais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Patients/psychology , Psychology, Social , Hospital Care , Psycho-Oncology , COVID-19 , Neoplasms/therapy , SARS-CoV-2
20.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 21(supl.1): 197-204, Feb. 2021. tab
Article in English | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1215186

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to understand indicators of the social representation of the coronavirus in adolescents undergoing cancer treatment during the COVID -19pandemic. Methods: the theory of social representations was used as theoretical and methodological support in its procedural approach in an exploratory study of a qualitative nature. The free word association technique was used in the application of virtual forms using guidelines of the snowball method. The terms 'Coronavirus', 'Going to the hospital' and 'Cancer treatment' were applied. After that moment, the participants were asked for a hierarchy and justification of the evoked words. Data analysis was based on content analysis and frequency distribution of the content produced. Results: articulations were made on the impacts that the pandemic situation had on the treatment experience of that population. It was identified a character endowed with fear and tension about the elaboration of the reality of these subjects in the current period in face of the inevitability of a hospital scenario that facilitates contamination and facing the immunological vulnerability characteristic of their treatments. Conclusions: the participants constructed different contents of psychological suffering aimed at expressions of fear and insecurity experienced during the pandemic period in the face of assistance in the hospital setting. This study is understood as a contribution to more effective actions in order to adapt the care plan of this population, aiming at future professional interventions.


Resumo Objetivos: compreender indicadores da representação social do coronavírus em jovens em tratamento oncológico durante a pandemia do COVID-19. Métodos: utilizou-se como apoio teórico-metodológico a teoria das representações sociais na sua abordagem processual em estudo exploratório de natureza qualitativa. Empregou-se a técnica de associação livre de palavras na aplicação de formulários virtuais utilizando diretrizes do método bola de neve. Foram aplicados os termos indutores 'Coronavírus', 'Ir ao hospital' e 'Tratamento contra o câncer'. Após esse momento foi solicitado aos participantes uma hierarquização e justificativa das palavras evocadas. A análise dos dados foi pautada na análise de conteúdo e distribuição de frequência dos conteúdos produzidos. Resultados: realizou-se articulações sobre os impactos que a conjuntura pandêmica gerou na experiência de tratamento da referida população. Identificou-se um carácter dotado de receio e tensão sobre a elaboração da realidade desses sujeitos no período atual diante da inevitabilidade de um cenário hospitalar facilitador da contaminação e frente a vulnerabilidade imunológica característica de seus tratamentos. Conclusões: os participantes construíram diferentes conteúdos de sofrimento psicológico voltados para expressões de medo e insegurança vivenciadas no período da pandemia diante da assistência em cenário hospitalar. Entende-se este estudo como uma contribuição para ações mais efetivas no intuito de adequar o plano de cuidado dessa população, visando futuras intervenções profissionais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Patients/psychology , Psychology, Social , Hospital Care , Psycho-Oncology , COVID-19 , Neoplasms/therapy , SARS-CoV-2
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