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1.
Cien Saude Colet ; 27(6): 2133-2142, 2022 Jun.
Article in Portuguese, English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1875197

ABSTRACT

The recovery of people affected by COVID-19 is a process that continues beyond the acute condition of infection by Sars-CoV-2. The impairment of several body systems can cause functional impacts and demand continuous physical therapy assistance both in outpatient care and in Primary Health Care (PHC). In this essay, we seek to discuss the challenges of organizing and offering Physical Therapy assistance in response to the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil. The analysis was summarized in three dimensions: offering physical therapy assistance in PHC, outpatient care, via telehealth. It is concluded that functional rehabilitation depends on the PHC's response capacity; there is a shortage of rehabilitation services that precedes the pandemic, and may not respond satisfactorily to the demands of the current epidemiological context; it is necessary to articulate the outpatient physiotherapy and PHC teams; although telehealth is a resource and an opportunity to increase the population's access to functional rehabilitation, its use requires caution; the physiotherapist plays a crucial role in the entire COVID-19 care continuum.


A recuperação das pessoas acometidas pela COVID-19 é um processo que continua para além do quadro agudo da infecção pelo Sars-CoV-2. O comprometimento de diversos sistemas corporais pode acarretar impactos funcionais e demandar assistência fisioterapêutica contínua tanto na atenção ambulatorial quanto na atenção primária à saúde (APS). Neste ensaio, busca-se discutir os desafios da organização e da oferta de assistência fisioterapêutica em resposta à pandemia da COVID-19 no Brasil. A análise foi sumarizada em três dimensões: oferta da assistência fisioterapêutica na APS e na atenção ambulatorial, e oferta de atenção fisioterapêutica por telessaúde. Conclui-se que: a reabilitação funcional depende da capacidade de resposta da APS; existe um déficit de serviços de reabilitação que antecede a pandemia, e pode comprometer respostas satisfatórias às demandas do atual contexto epidemiológico; faz-se necessária a articulação entre as equipes de fisioterapia ambulatorial e da APS; embora a telessaúde seja um recurso e uma oportunidade para ampliar o acesso da população à reabilitação funcional, sua utilização exige cautela; o fisioterapeuta possui papel crucial em todo o continuum de cuidados da COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Brazil/epidemiology , Humans , Pandemics , Physical Therapy Modalities , SARS-CoV-2
2.
BMJ Open ; 12(5): e061373, 2022 May 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1874567

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of a behaviour change physiotherapy intervention to increase physical activity compared with usual rehabilitation after total hip replacement (THR) or total knee replacement (TKR). DESIGN: Multicentre, pragmatic, two-arm, open, randomised controlled, superiority trial. SETTING: National Health Service providers in nine English hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: 224 individuals aged ≥18 years, undergoing a primary THR or TKR deemed 'moderately inactive' or 'inactive'. INTERVENTION: Participants received either six, 30 min, weekly, group-based exercise sessions (usual care) or the same six weekly, group-based, exercise sessions each preceded by a 30 min cognitive behaviour discussion group aimed at challenging barriers to physical inactivity following surgery (experimental). RANDOMISATION AND BLINDING: Initial 75 participants were randomised 1:1 before changing the allocation ratio to 2:1 (experimental:usual care). Allocation was based on minimisation, stratifying on comorbidities, operation type and hospital. There was no blinding. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary: University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) Activity Score at 12 months. Secondary: 6 and 12-month assessed function, pain, self-efficacy, kinesiophobia, psychological distress and quality of life. RESULTS: Of the 1254 participants assessed for eligibility, 224 were included (139 experimental: 85 usual care). Mean age was 68.4 years (SD: 8.7), 63% were women, 52% underwent TKR. There was no between-group difference in UCLA score (mean difference: -0.03 (95% CI -0.52 to 0.45, p=0.89)). There were no differences observed in any of the secondary outcomes at 6 or 12 months. There were no important adverse events in either group. The COVID-19 pandemic contributed to the reduced intended sample size (target 260) and reduced intervention compliance. CONCLUSIONS: There is no evidence to suggest attending usual care physiotherapy sessions plus a group-based behaviour change intervention differs to attending usual care physiotherapy alone. As the trial could not reach its intended sample size, nor a proportion of participants receive their intended rehabilitation, this should be interpreted with caution. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ISRCTN29770908.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , COVID-19 , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Exercise , Exercise Therapy , Female , Humans , Male , Pandemics , Physical Therapy Modalities , Quality of Life , State Medicine
5.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 25: e220011, 2022.
Article in Portuguese, English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1865366

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the spatial distribution of outpatient physical therapy rehabilitation services and associate it with the geographic location of users' households. METHODS: The public physical therapy rehabilitation services and addresses of users' households in Campo Grande (MS) were georeferenced in 2017-2019. RESULTS: Five physical therapy clinics were identified to supply the demand of 31,774 scheduled users. Most services are in the most central regions of the city, while most users reside in peripheral areas. CONCLUSION: An assistance gap in Physical therapy care was identified, with a restricted supply of services to meet demands and a geographic barrier, since the services are far from the users' households. Physical rehabilitation must be a priority in the country's public health, especially nowadays, where demands for rehabilitation of a significant number of Brazilians who evolved with sequelae of COVID-19 are so present.


OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a distribuição espacial dos serviços ambulatoriais de reabilitação em fisioterapia e associá-la à disposição geográfica dos domicílios dos usuários da rede pública de reabilitação em uma capital brasileira. MÉTODOS: Foi realizado um georreferenciamento dos serviços públicos de reabilitação fisioterapêutica e dos endereços dos domicílios dos usuários desses serviços em Campo Grande (MS) durante o período de 2017 a 2019. RESULTADOS: Foram identificados cinco serviços de fisioterapia para atender à demanda de 31.774 usuários agendados no período estudado. A maioria dos serviços está nas regiões mais centrais da cidade, enquanto a maioria dos usuários reside nas regiões periféricas. CONCLUSÃO: Evidenciou-se um vazio assistencial na reabilitação fisioterapêutica, com oferta restrita de serviços em função das demandas, e barreira geográfica, uma vez que os serviços estão distantes dos domicílios dos usuários A reabilitação física deve ser colocada na agenda prioritária da saúde pública no país, especialmente no momento atual, com as demandas por reabilitação de um número expressivo de brasileiros que evoluem com sequelas da COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Brazil , Cities , Humans , Physical Therapy Modalities , Spatial Analysis
6.
BMC Neurol ; 22(1): 176, 2022 May 14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1846809

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity is of great relevance in Parkinson's disease (PD). It is part of the inpatient multimodal Parkinson's complex treatment (MKP) in Germany. However, there is often a lack of human resources in outpatient settings to continue an interprofessional approach. A large proportion of PD patients live a predominantly sedentary lifestyle and do not get enough exercise. METHODS: The intervention group (IG) used a tablet-based physiotherapy training programme at home for a period of nine months. We conducted a quasi-randomised longitudinal study with three measurement times (at the beginning (t0) and end of MKP (t1) and at 9 months after MKP (t2)). The primary outcome measured was PD-specific quality of life using the PDQ-8. The secondary outcome focused on participation restrictions, falling anxiety, sleep disorder, anxiety and depression as well as comorbidity, pain, performance capability and physical activity. RESULTS: For n = 93 IG and n = 137 control group (CG) patients, evaluable cases were available for all measurement times. Both groups achieved significant improvements in all parameters at the end of MKP. These parameters deteriorated again at nine months after MKP for most parameters and were even below the baseline levels. However, this deterioration was less pronounced in the IG than in the CG. For general health and social participation, a significant slightly positive effect was observed in the IG nine months after MKP when compared with the baseline level. Paying attention to physical activity slightly increased in the IG for the catamnesis survey compared to baseline. Nearly all IG patients were satisfied with the intervention, especially with the consultations with the physiotherapist. CONCLUSIONS: Although the expected extent of effects could not be determined for the IG, stabilisation effects could be demonstrated. These stabilisation effects shown for the IG might be attributed to the intervention. The effects might have been greater without the COVID-19 pandemic. TRIAL REGISTRATION: German Register of Clinical Trials, drks.de. Identifier: DRKS00014952. Registered 20/06/2018. Date and version identifier 25/04/2019; version 1.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Parkinson Disease , Humans , Longitudinal Studies , Pandemics , Parkinson Disease/epidemiology , Physical Therapy Modalities , Quality of Life
7.
BMJ Open ; 12(4): e060012, 2022 04 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1832466

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Evidence-based guidelines recommend physiotherapy for respiratory treatment and physical rehabilitation of patients with COVID-19. It is unclear to what extent physiotherapy services are used in the front-line management of COVID-19 in Nigeria. This study aimed to explore the experiences of front-line physiotherapists managing patients with COVID-19 in Nigeria. DESIGN: Qualitative interview-based study. SETTING: ICU and hospital COVID-19 wards, COVID-isolation and treatment centres in Nigeria, between August 2020 and January 2021. PARTICIPANTS: Eight out of 20 physiotherapists managing patients with COVID-19 in the front line were recruited using purposive and snowball sampling. METHODS: Qualitative in-depth semistructured telephone interviews of all consenting physiotherapists managing patients with COVID-19 in the front line in Nigeria were conducted and transcribed verbatim. Transcripts were thematically analysed. RESULTS: Eight front-line physiotherapists (three neurological physiotherapists, two orthopaedic physiotherapists, one cardiopulmonary physiotherapist, one sports physiotherapist and one rotational physiotherapist) provided consent and data for this study. Four themes and 13 subthemes were generated illustrating discriminatory experiences of front-line physiotherapists, particularly from COVID-19 team leads; lack of multidisciplinary teamwork within COVID-19 teams; wide ranging stigmatisation from extended family members, colleagues, friends and the general public; material and psychosocial personal losses; lack of system support and suboptimal utilisation of physiotherapy in the management of COVID-19 in Nigeria. Personal agency, sense of professionalism, previous experience managing highly infectious diseases and being a cardiopulmonary physiotherapist were the factors that made the front-line physiotherapists to become involved in managing patients with COVID-19. However, discriminatory experiences made some of these physiotherapists to stop being involved in the management of patients with COVID-19 in the front line. Most front-line physiotherapists were not cardiopulmonary physiotherapists which may have influenced their level of expertise, multidisciplinary involvement and patient outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: There is suboptimal involvement and support for physiotherapists, particularly cardiopulmonary physiotherapists treating patients with COVID-19 in the front line in Nigeria.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Physical Therapists , COVID-19/therapy , Humans , Nigeria/epidemiology , Physical Therapists/psychology , Physical Therapy Modalities , Qualitative Research
10.
Physiotherapy ; 114: 47-53, 2022 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1815045

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate short-term change in oxygenation and feasibility of physiotherapy-assisted prone or modified prone positioning in awake, ward-based patients with COVID-19. DESIGN: Retrospective observational cohort study. SETTING: General wards, single-centre tertiary hospital in Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Patients were included if ≥18 years, had COVID-19, required FiO2 ≥ 0.28 or oxygen flow rate ≥4 l/minute and consented to positioning. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Feasibility measures included barriers to therapy, assistance required, and comfort. Short-term change in oxygenation (SpO2) and oxygen requirements before and 15 minutes after positioning. RESULTS: Thirteen patients, mean age 75 (SD 14) years; median Clinical Frailty Scale score 6 (IQR 4 to 7) participated in 32 sessions of prone or modified prone positioning from a total of 125 ward-based patients admitted with COVID-19 who received physiotherapy intervention. Nine of thirteen patients (69%) required physiotherapy assistance and modified positions were utilised in 8/13 (62%). SpO2 increased in 27/32 sessions, with a mean increase from 90% (SD 5) pre-positioning to 94% (SD 4) (mean difference 4%; 95%CI 3 to 5%) after 15 minutes. Oxygen requirement decreased in 14/32 sessions, with a mean pre-positioning requirement of 8 l/minute (SD 4) to 7 l/minute (SD 4) (mean difference 2 l/minute; 95%CI 1 to 3 l/minute) after 15 minutes. In three sessions oxygen desaturation and discomfort occurred but resolved immediately by returning supine. CONCLUSION: Physiotherapy-assisted prone or modified prone positioning may be a feasible option leading to short-term improvements in oxygenation in awake, ward-based patients with hypoxemia due to COVID-19. Further research exploring longerterm health outcomes and safety is required.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Aged , Humans , Physical Therapy Modalities , Prone Position , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
11.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 8: CD012924, 2021 08 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1813440

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents diagnosed with cancer are at high risk of experiencing severe side effects from cancer treatment, many of which are amenable to physical therapy. These side effects can negatively impact a child's quality of life and ability to participate in daily activities (e.g. play and attendance at school). Researchers have evaluated physical therapy interventions in children with cancer and childhood cancer survivors. However, factors such as small sample sizes, varying intervention protocols and differences in cancer types among trials make it difficult to draw conclusions about efficacy. OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this review was to evaluate the efficacy of physical therapy interventions - with a specific focus on symptom relief and compensation of therapy-related side effects - on the quality of life of children and adolescents diagnosed with cancer. Participants must be between the ages of 0 and 19 years at the time of the physical therapy intervention study. The intervention may occur prior to, during or following cancer treatment. The intervention must be compared to a control group of children receiving standard care, no physical therapy intervention or a comparison intervention. We have excluded general physical exercise studies where the primary aim was to improve physical fitness through aerobic, anaerobic, resistance exercise or combined physical exercise training regimens (i.e. combined aerobic and resistance exercise regimens). We have also intended to record the occurrence of any adverse effects resulting from physical therapy interventions. The secondary aims were to evaluate the efficacy of physical therapy on impairments of pain, peripheral neuropathy, balance, gait, functional abilities and mobility, motor function and performance, range of motion, strength and fatigue. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, PEDro, ongoing trial registries, conference proceedings and the reference lists of relevant studies and reviews in March 2020. We also contacted oncology rehabilitation researchers working in paediatrics in March 2020 to identify additional studies. SELECTION CRITERIA: The review included randomised controlled trials (RCTs), cross-over trials, and controlled clinical trials (CCTs) that compared the effects of physical therapy interventions to a control group, and involved children and adolescents diagnosed with cancer between the ages of 0 and 19 years at the time of the intervention. We excluded studies examining general physical exercise interventions where the primary aim was to improve physical fitness through aerobic exercise, resistance exercise or combined physical exercise training regimens (i.e. combined aerobic and resistance exercise regimens). DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: We used standard methodological procedures expected by Cochrane. MAIN RESULTS: We found no RCTs, cross-over trials or CCTs comparing the effects of physical therapy interventions with a focus on symptom relief and compensation of therapy-related side effects for children and adolescents between the ages of 0 and 19 years. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Results demonstrate that the evidence to date is inadequate to inform clinical practice. Recommendations for future research include the need for large-scale, high-quality designs that examine: (1) paediatric populations with same cancer types; (2) similar intervention protocols; (3) long-term outcomes; (4) physical therapy interventions (e.g. electrophysical modalities and sensory interventions); and (5) outcomes commonly impaired in children with cancer (e.g. peripheral neuropathy and gait deficits).


Subject(s)
Exercise , Neoplasms , Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Exercise Therapy , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Neoplasms/therapy , Physical Fitness , Physical Therapy Modalities , Quality of Life , Young Adult
12.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(8)2022 04 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1809861

ABSTRACT

We want to thank you for the opportunity to respond to the issues raised in the letter to the Editor of Dr. Moretti et al. [...].


Subject(s)
Physical Therapy Modalities , Public Health , Italy
13.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 496, 2022 Apr 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1793942

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Due to the global digitalization, implementation of digital elements into daily work can support physiotherapists' work but may also pose some challenges. Only little is known about physiotherapists' attitude towards digitalization. This study primarily aimed to analyze physiotherapists' attitude towards digitalization and to what extend digital tools have been implemented into their daily work. In second analysis, participants' characteristics such as age, working place, gender and mode of survey participation were assessed. METHODS: A 12-main-item survey amongst voluntary course participants of one physiotherapeutic training center was conducted via paper-based as well as online questionnaires between July 2018 and June 2019 including questions on participants' general as well as particular attitude towards digitalization, the use of (mobile) applications and possible advantages and disadvantages of the ongoing digital transformation. Sub-analysis was performed for age (≤40 years versus > 40 years), gender, mode of participation (paper vs. online) and working place (practice vs. hospital). RESULTS: Overall, 488 physiotherapists participated in the survey. In comparison of the age groups, younger participants had more concerns about data security (p = 0.042) and insufficient financial remuneration (p < 0.001). Younger participants stated higher satisfaction with data literacy than their counterparts (p = 0.0001). Physiotherapists working in the outpatient sector, rather than in hospitals, expected digitalization to increase more in relevance (p < 0.001). The online respondents (OG) indicated that they had more knowledge about key aspects of the current legal situation regarding digitalization than participants completing the paper-based survey (p = 0.002). 50.4% of the considered digitalization as useful for their job. CONCLUSIONS: The majority of participants saw high potential for digitalization in the physiotherapy sector. Younger physiotherapists seem to be more concerned about data security and insufficient financial remuneration. Physiotherapists in the outpatient sector seem to see more potential in digital transformations. General concerns like missing reimbursement, lack of data security or knowledge on legal frameworks should be addressed in the future. Further studies should focus on identifying specific digital tools which can support physiotherapists.


Subject(s)
Physical Therapists , Adult , Attitude , Humans , Knowledge , Physical Therapy Modalities , Surveys and Questionnaires
14.
Rural Remote Health ; 22(1): 6679, 2022 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1789838

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The potential for coordinated, multidisciplinary telehealth to help connect people with Parkinson disease (PD) in rural areas to PD specialists is crucial in optimizing care. Therefore, this study aimed to test the feasibility, safety, and signal of efficacy of a coordinated telehealth program, consisting of speech therapy, physiotherapy, and pharmaceutical care, for people with PD living in some rural US communities. METHODS: Fifteen individuals with PD living in rural Wyoming and Nevada, USA, participated in this single-cohort, 8-week pilot study. Participants were assessed before and after 8 weeks of coordinated, one-on-one telehealth using the following outcomes: (1) feasibility: session attendance and withdrawal rate; (2) safety: adverse events; and (3) signal of efficacy: Communication Effectiveness Survey, acoustic data (intensity, duration, work (intensity times duration)), Parkinson's Fatigue Scale, 30 second Sit-to-Stand test, Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire - 39, Movement Disorder Society Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale - Part III, and medication adherence. RESULTS: Average attendance was greater than 85% for all participants. There were no serious adverse events and only nine minor events during treatment sessions (0.9% of all treatment sessions had a participant report of an adverse event); all nine cases resolved without medical attention. Although 14 of 16 outcomes had effect sizes trending in the direction of improvement, only two were statistically significant using non-parametric analyses: 30 second Sit-to-Stand (pre-test median=11.0 (interquartile range (IQR)=6.0); post-test median=12.0 (IQR=3.0) and acoustic data work (pre-test median=756.0 dB s (IQR=198.4); post-test median=876.3 dB s (IQR=455.5), p<0.05. CONCLUSION: A coordinated, multidisciplinary telehealth program was safe and feasible for people in rural communities who have PD. This telehealth program also yielded a signal of efficacy for most of the outcomes measured in the study.


Subject(s)
Parkinson Disease , Pharmaceutical Services , Telemedicine , Cohort Studies , Feasibility Studies , Humans , Parkinson Disease/therapy , Physical Therapy Modalities , Pilot Projects , Rural Population , Speech Therapy
15.
Mult Scler Relat Disord ; 62: 103799, 2022 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1778382

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on physical therapy services for people with multiple sclerosis (pwMS) is unknown. Therefore, the Special Interest Group for Mobility (SIG Mobility) of the European Network for Best Practice and Research in Multiple Sclerosis Rehabilitation (RIMS) has undertaken the initiative to examine the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on physical therapy services and physical activity participation in pwMS across Europe, Israel and Australia. OBJECTIVE: To describe the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on physical therapy practice from the perspective of the therapist. METHODS: An online survey was developed and conducted from December 2020 to July 2021. The survey (50 questions), included multiple-choice questions and open-ended responses. RESULTS: In total, 215 physical therapists (PT's) from 9 countries (Australia, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Norway, Spain, and Turkey) participated in the study. The therapy most affected during the pandemic was aerobic training/conditioning exercises; 33.5% reported that these activities were either reduced or unavailable. In contrast, 15% of the PTs reported increased use of relaxation/mind body techniques and/or fatigue management programs during the pandemic. PTs reported a mixture of positive and negative feelings about the therapeutic sessions offered during the pandemic. Most reported positive feelings included "positive" (26.5%), and "optimistic" (24.7%). Negative feelings most frequently reported included "worried" (30.7%), and "hesitant" (20.9%). The PTs reported a 10% decrease in the use of hands-on techniques and a 10% increase in the use of oral instructions when treating moderately and severely pwMS during as compared to before the pandemic. CONCLUSION: The COVID-19 pandemic has affected physical therapy services in pwMS internationally in terms of content, frequency of use and format.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Multiple Sclerosis , Humans , Multiple Sclerosis/rehabilitation , Multiple Sclerosis/therapy , Pandemics , Physical Therapy Modalities , Surveys and Questionnaires
16.
Front Public Health ; 9: 706346, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1775822

ABSTRACT

Traditional discipline-specific training has limitations in facilitating inter-professional communication and collaboration. To address this issue, two local universities in Hong Kong launched an interprofessional team-based learning program to allow the undergraduate healthcare students to form teams and experience collaborative problem-solving. This study aimed to evaluate the experiences of nursing and physiotherapy undergraduates following interprofessional learning activities. Twenty-seven 3rd-year nursing and physiotherapy undergraduates were recruited through purposive sampling. Semi-structured interviews were conducted, and written feedback was solicited until data saturation was achieved. An inductive thematic analysis was used for the data, and each theme was mutually exclusive. The findings revealed the positive experiences of the students with this interprofessional learning activity. Three main themes emerged: (1) the process of interprofessional learning; (2) profession-related outcomes of interprofessional learning; and (3) patient-related outcomes of interprofessional learning. The study indicated that interprofessional team-based learning activities enhanced learning experiences of the students through interactive learning with other healthcare students. Experiences of relationships that are trustful and complementary allow students to develop confidence in knowledge transfer and in interprofessional collaboration, as well as in providing a holistic patient-centered care. These findings substantiate the importance and value of interprofessional learning in healthcare education.


Subject(s)
Students, Health Occupations , Students, Nursing , Humans , Physical Therapy Modalities , Qualitative Research
17.
Dtsch Med Wochenschr ; 147(4): 173-177, 2022 02.
Article in German | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1713249

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Persistent neurological late symptoms of SARS-CoV-2 infection are common and require regular follow-up treatment. In order to establish uniform therapy concepts, it is necessary to evaluate individual therapeutic approaches for long COVID and post-COVID-19 syndrome. ANAMNESE: A 62-year-old patient was admitted to our rehab clinic for follow-up treatment after severe SARS-CoV-2 infection with neurological symptoms. The initially extensive laboratory and imaging investigation did not reveal any organic cause for the sometimes apoplectiform, complex clinical picture, so that the patient was transferred directly to our rehabilitation clinic in the event of everyday restrictions and rollator dependency. EXAMINATION AND FINDINGS: Clinically, there was a reduced general condition and the mood was depressed. Neurological symptoms were gait ataxia, hand tremor, amnesic aphasia and reduced ability to concentrate. PET / CT showed no evidence of tumor or inflammation. THERAPY AND PROGRESS: A multimodal therapy program consisting of physiotherapy and occupational therapy as well as psychological support was carried out. In addition, off-label therapy with oral glucocorticoids and colchicine was initiated. In the course of the disease, there was a clear reduction in all symptoms with little residual hand tremor. CONCLUSIONS: Whole body and brain FDG PET can be helpful in long COVID and post-COVID-19 syndrome patients with neurological symptoms of unknown origin. These patients benefit from systematic rehabilitation. Glucocorticoids and colchicine appear to accelerate symptom reduction. The rehabilitative therapy should be continued on an outpatient basis.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , Nervous System Diseases/etiology , Nervous System Diseases/rehabilitation , SARS-CoV-2 , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Nervous System Diseases/diagnosis , Occupational Therapy/methods , Physical Therapy Modalities , Psychosocial Support Systems
18.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(3)2022 01 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1686739

ABSTRACT

Effective interventions are needed for return-to-work (RTW) for individuals with chronic pain on long-term sick leave. In this study, a behavioral medicine physiotherapy protocol was systematically replicated and added to workplace components. The intervention was evaluated for fidelity and effects on target activities and work ability. A single-case experimental design was used with five participants. Daily and weekly ratings of personalized target activities at work as well as work ability were carried out throughout the study period of 26-28 weeks. Effects of the behavioral medicine physiotherapy intervention were evaluated for each individual using visual analysis of displayed graphs and quantitative non-overlap methods. Goal achievement for target activities was reviewed. Three participants completed the intervention. The results indicated an effect from the behavioral medicine physiotherapy intervention on task-specific self-efficacy for target activities, but no consistent effect on experience of target activities or work ability. All three participants had increased function in target activities in line with pre-defined goals. Fidelity to the intervention manual was good. Behavioral medicine physiotherapy can be successfully adapted to work disability and was here replicated in an RTW context for individuals with chronic pain. The intervention protocol should be further evaluated in large-scale studies.


Subject(s)
Behavioral Medicine , Chronic Pain , Chronic Pain/therapy , Humans , Physical Therapy Modalities , Research Design , Return to Work , Sick Leave
19.
Workplace Health Saf ; 70(4): 220-223, 2022 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1673879

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this project was to determine whether clients were satisfied with their occupational health physical therapy virtual consultations and whether or not they would have preferred a face-to-face consultation instead of a virtual consultation. METHODS: Clients were mailed an adapted 10-item Telehealth Satisfaction Scale (TeSS) and asked to complete and return it in a prepaid envelope. Clients who returned the TeSS were then contacted by telephone and asked whether they would have preferred a face-to-face consultation instead of a virtual consultation. FINDINGS: Overall, clients expressed a high degree of satisfaction with their virtual occupational health physical therapy consultation (96.9%). Most clients (82.1%) stated they would have chosen virtual consultations if given the choice. CONCLUSION/APPLICATION TO PRACTICE: The cumulative feedback from clients suggested that the benefits of virtual consultations can be sustained post COVID-19 pandemic as clients have accepted and adapted to this new approach within the occupational health physical therapy clinic.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Occupational Health , Humans , Pandemics , Personal Satisfaction , Physical Therapy Modalities , Referral and Consultation , SARS-CoV-2
20.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(3): 400-405, dez 20, 2021. fig
Article in Portuguese | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1635402

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a pandemia do SARS-CoV-2 causou impactos econômicos e sociais em todo o mundo, em especial nos sistemas de saúde, repercutindo no número de admissões hospitalares por outras doenças, na rotina dos cuidados, no acesso aos serviços e nos recursos materiais, humanos e financeiros disponibilizados. Objetivo: Analisar o impacto da pandemia SARS-CoV-2 no número de internamentos e mobilização de pacientes críticos de uma unidade de terapia intensiva cardiovascular. Metodologia: trata-se de um estudo transversal, retrospectivo, realizado na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Cardiovascular do Hospital Geral Roberto Santos, Salvador-BA. Analisaram-se comparativamente os dados de internamento e mobilização dos pacientes, no período entre março de 2019 e fevereiro de 2020, isto é pré-pandemia, e o primeiro ano de sua ocorrência. Resultados: houve redução (p <0,001) no número de internações no setor, quanto a mobilização, embora impactada nos primeiros meses da pandemia, conseguiu manter dados estáveis, quando avaliada de maneira linear. Discussão: A redução na ocupação coincide com achados de estudos nacionais e internacionais, o que pode ter influência na orientação de distanciamento social e o receio de contágio pelo vírus. Quanto à mobilização, importante instrumento de atuação fisioterapêutica nas UTI, apresentou dados similares (p= 0,8), quando comparados os dois períodos do estudo. Conclusão: notou-se impacto da pandemia no número de internamentos em uma UTI cardiológica durante a pandemia, o que deve ser futuramente estudado para avaliar as reais consequências dessa redução assistencial. Quanto à mobilização, não foi observada alteração significativa na média, antes e após a pandemia.


Introduction: SARS-CoV-2 pandemic caused economic and social impacts around the world, especially in health systems, affecting the number of hospital admissions for other diseases, routine care, access to services and material and human resources and financial resources made available. Objective: to analyze the impact of SARS-CoV-2 pandemic on the number of admissions and mobilization of critically ill patients in a cardiovascular intensive care unit. Methodology: this is a cross-sectional, retrospective study carried out at the Cardiovascular Intensive Care Unit of Hospital Geral Roberto Santos, Salvador-BA. Data on hospitalization and patient mobilization between March 2019 and February 2020 (pre-pandemic) and during the first year of its occurrence were comparatively analyzed. Results: there was a reduction (p <0.001) in the number of hospitalizations in the sector and mobilization, although impacted in the first months of the pandemic, managed to maintain stable data when evaluated in a linear fashion. Discussion: the reduction in occupation coincides with findings from national and international studies, which may influence the orientation of social distancing and the fear of contagion by the virus. As for mobilization, an important instrument of physical therapy practice in the ICUs, it presented similar data (p=0.8), when comparing the two periods of the study. Conclusion: the impact of the pandemic was noted on the number of admissions to a cardiology ICU during the pandemic, which should be studied in the future to assess the real consequences of this reduction in care. As for mobilization, there was no significant change in the mean, before and after the pandemic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiology , Early Ambulation , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Hospitalization , Intensive Care Units , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Physical Therapy Modalities
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