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1.
Heart Surg Forum ; 24(6): E940-E946, 2021 Nov 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1538255

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical outcomes of cardiac surgery in patients who were incidentally diagnosed with Covid-19 in the postoperative period. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed 826 open cardiac surgeries in five tertiary centers. Most of the surgeries were elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) (93.8%). A preoperative RT-PCR test and transcutaneous oxygen saturation were routinely investigated prior to surgery. We also investigated whether the patients already received Covid-19 treatment or had any contact with a Covid-19 patient in the last two weeks. We analyzed high sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), d-dimer, and fibrinogen, which plays a main role in the activation of procoagulant state after surgeries. RESULTS: Acute lung injury related to Covid-19 activation was observed in 48 out of 826 patients (5.8%). The median age of 48 patients was 63.9±12.4 years. Euro-Score and body mass index (BMI) were 6.1±1.1 and 29.2±4.1kg/m², respectively. RT-PCR test results were positive in 29 patients (60.4%). We performed thoracic computed tomography (CT) in all patients with or without positive RT-PCR test results. Thoracic CT images showed that there was a different degree of ARDS (mild, moderate, and serious). The median time of extracorporeal circulation (ECC) was 93.2±14.6 min. in on-pump surgery (IQR, 68-155 min.). Common symptoms included dyspnea (N = 22; 45.8%) and fever (N = 12; 25%). Eleven patients needed readmission to ICU. Compared with non-admitted to ICU patients, ICU patients were higher comorbidities and severe laboratory abnormalities (eg, high blood d-dimer and fibrinogen). We also detected significantly low oxygen saturation, hypercapnia, and severe acidosis in readmitted patients. Radiologic investigations showed that there were severe ARDS with bilateral pneumonic infiltration resistant to medical treatment in 6 out of 11 patients who died (54.5%). CONCLUSION: Diffuse pneumonic infiltration related to Covid-19 may develop in asymptomatic cardiac surgery patients with negative RT-PCR test results. Immunologic disorders resulting from ECC, physiologic distress, and anesthesia may activate Covid-19 during the incubation period. We need randomized clinical trials to explain Covid-19 activation in the latent period of the virus, and clinical outcomes in cardiac surgery.


Subject(s)
Acute Lung Injury/diagnosis , Acute Lung Injury/virology , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/virology , Cardiac Surgical Procedures , Postoperative Period , Acute Lung Injury/diagnostic imaging , Aged , COVID-19/diagnostic imaging , COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing , Critical Care , Female , Humans , Incidental Findings , Male , Middle Aged , Patient Readmission , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Stress, Physiological , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Virus Activation
2.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 20: 15330338211050764, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1477207

ABSTRACT

A pandemic of coronavirus diseases 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak is a major public health emergency that has spread in the fastest speed, and caused the most extensive infection world widely. Transbronchial biopsy (TBB) and computed tomography guided percutaneous needle biopsy (CTPNB) is the most common and significant method for the diagnosis of lung cancer. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the indications of TBB and CTPNB must be managed strictly. Therefore, it is extremely indispensable to perform meticulous and individualized management for lung cancer patients to protect the patients from COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Biopsy , Bronchi/pathology , Bronchoscopy/methods , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Disease Susceptibility , Humans , Image-Guided Biopsy/methods , Lung/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/complications , Medical Oncology/methods , Postoperative Period , Prognosis , SARS-CoV-2 , Telemedicine , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
3.
Knee ; 32: 97-102, 2021 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1469890

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Postoperative radiographs are commonly ordered after primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA), however, there is limited data on how often these films change management over the entire postoperative time course, and what should prompt imaging to maximize clinical utility. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted of patients ≥ 18 years old who underwent a primary TKA at two level one trauma centers. Postoperative data were collected to determine the frequency of postoperative radiograph series, radiograph findings that did not suggest normal healing or alignment to radiologist and orthopedists, and changes in postoperative management. The total cost and radiation exposure values were calculated for all patient radiographs using estimates from previous literature. RESULTS: From the 1258 patients included, 3831 postoperative radiographs were taken (mean ± 95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.05 ± 0.11 radiographs per patient). Of these 3831 radiographs, 44 (1.1%) contained a positive radiographic finding. Only 13 (0.3% of radiographs) of these positive radiographic findings were positive orthopaedic findings, 11 of which led to changes in management. For all but 1 of these patients (10/11, 91%), these radiographs were taken during a non-routine postoperative visit. Routine postoperative radiographs that did not change management cost $1,008,480 and administered 22.92 mSV of radiation to patients within this study. CONCLUSION: Postoperative radiography obtained after primary TKA were of low clinical utility yet resulted in considerable healthcare costs and unnecessary radiation burden. Radiographs ordered during a non-routine visit, however, were a reliable indicator of when this imaging provided clinical utility.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Adolescent , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/adverse effects , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Humans , Postoperative Period , Radiography , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
4.
Hip Int ; 30(6): 718-724, 2020 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1455854

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The posterior approach in total hip arthroplasty (THA) often requires dissection of the short external rotators (SERs), which could increase the postoperative dislocation rate. The reattachment of the dissected SERs has been reported to reduce the dislocation rate, while such repair generally causes progression of muscle atrophy. 1 of the suggested causes of atrophy is reduced blood flow to the repaired SERs. The present study aimed to measure the blood flow of the SERs before dissection (pre-tenotomy) and after reattachment (post-reattachment) during the posterior approach in THA. METHODS: This prospective study included 26 patients who underwent THA via the posterior approach. A laser-Doppler rheometer was used to measure the blood flow in the following SERs at the time of pre-tenotomy and post-reattachment: the piriformis muscle (PM), superior gemellus (SG), inferior gemellus (IG), obturator internus (OI), and subcutaneous tissue as a control. RESULTS: The average pre-tenotomy and post-reattachment blood flows (mL/minutes/100 g) were: 1.90 ± 0.28 and 1.92 ± 0.40 in the PM, 1.94 ± 0.20 and 1.99 ± 0.39 in the SG, 1.91 ± 0.21 and 1.94 ± 0.30 in the IG, 1.93 ± 0.22 and 1.98 ± 0.36 in the OI, and 1.94 ± 0.24 and 1.87 ± 0.38 in the subcutaneous tissue. The pre-tenotomy and post-reattachment blood flows did not show significant difference in any muscle. CONCLUSIONS: Laser-Doppler blood flow measurements showed that the blood flow is preserved, even when the SERs are dissected and reattached in THA via the posterior approach.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Hip Dislocation/surgery , Hip Joint/surgery , Muscle, Skeletal/surgery , Regional Blood Flow/physiology , Tenotomy/methods , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Hip Joint/blood supply , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Muscle, Skeletal/blood supply , Postoperative Period , Prospective Studies
5.
J Laryngol Otol ; 135(10): 848-854, 2021 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1454702

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The Harmonic Scalpel and Ligasure (Covidien) devices are commonly used in head and neck surgery. Parotidectomy is a complex and intricate surgery that requires careful dissection of the facial nerve. This study aimed to compare surgical outcomes in parotidectomy using these haemostatic devices with traditional scalpel and cautery. METHOD: A systematic review of the literature was performed with subsequent meta-analysis of seven studies that compared the use of haemostatic devices to traditional scalpel and cautery in parotidectomy. Outcome measures included: temporary facial paresis, operating time, intra-operative blood loss, post-operative drain output and length of hospital stay. RESULTS: A total of 7 studies representing 675 patients were identified: 372 patients were treated with haemostatic devices, and 303 patients were treated with scalpel and cautery. Statistically significant outcomes favouring the use of haemostatic devices included operating time, intra-operative blood loss and post-operative drain output. Outcome measures that did not favour either treatment included facial nerve paresis and length of hospital stay. CONCLUSION: Overall, haemostatic devices were found to reduce operating time, intra-operative blood loss and post-operative drain output.


Subject(s)
Dissection/adverse effects , Facial Nerve/surgery , Hemostasis, Surgical/instrumentation , Parotid Gland/surgery , Blood Loss, Surgical/statistics & numerical data , Drainage/trends , Electrocoagulation/adverse effects , Facial Paralysis/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data , Male , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Middle Aged , Operative Time , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Postoperative Period , Surgical Instruments/adverse effects
6.
BMJ ; 374: n2209, 2021 09 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1448003

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To determine if virtual care with remote automated monitoring (RAM) technology versus standard care increases days alive at home among adults discharged after non-elective surgery during the covid-19 pandemic. DESIGN: Multicentre randomised controlled trial. SETTING: 8 acute care hospitals in Canada. PARTICIPANTS: 905 adults (≥40 years) who resided in areas with mobile phone coverage and were to be discharged from hospital after non-elective surgery were randomised either to virtual care and RAM (n=451) or to standard care (n=454). 903 participants (99.8%) completed the 31 day follow-up. INTERVENTION: Participants in the experimental group received a tablet computer and RAM technology that measured blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate, oxygen saturation, temperature, and body weight. For 30 days the participants took daily biophysical measurements and photographs of their wound and interacted with nurses virtually. Participants in the standard care group received post-hospital discharge management according to the centre's usual care. Patients, healthcare providers, and data collectors were aware of patients' group allocations. Outcome adjudicators were blinded to group allocation. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was days alive at home during 31 days of follow-up. The 12 secondary outcomes included acute hospital care, detection and correction of drug errors, and pain at 7, 15, and 30 days after randomisation. RESULTS: All 905 participants (mean age 63.1 years) were analysed in the groups to which they were randomised. Days alive at home during 31 days of follow-up were 29.7 in the virtual care group and 29.5 in the standard care group: relative risk 1.01 (95% confidence interval 0.99 to 1.02); absolute difference 0.2% (95% confidence interval -0.5% to 0.9%). 99 participants (22.0%) in the virtual care group and 124 (27.3%) in the standard care group required acute hospital care: relative risk 0.80 (0.64 to 1.01); absolute difference 5.3% (-0.3% to 10.9%). More participants in the virtual care group than standard care group had a drug error detected (134 (29.7%) v 25 (5.5%); absolute difference 24.2%, 19.5% to 28.9%) and a drug error corrected (absolute difference 24.4%, 19.9% to 28.9%). Fewer participants in the virtual care group than standard care group reported pain at 7, 15, and 30 days after randomisation: absolute differences 13.9% (7.4% to 20.4%), 11.9% (5.1% to 18.7%), and 9.6% (2.9% to 16.3%), respectively. Beneficial effects proved substantially larger in centres with a higher rate of care escalation. CONCLUSION: Virtual care with RAM shows promise in improving outcomes important to patients and to optimal health system function. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04344665.


Subject(s)
Aftercare/methods , Monitoring, Ambulatory/methods , Surgical Procedures, Operative/nursing , Telemedicine/methods , Aged , COVID-19/epidemiology , Canada/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Male , Medication Errors/statistics & numerical data , Middle Aged , Pain, Postoperative/epidemiology , Pandemics , Patient Discharge , Postoperative Period , Surgical Procedures, Operative/mortality
7.
Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina ; 52(9): 513-518, 2021 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1403928

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the necessity of the postoperative day-1 (POD1) review after pars plana vitrectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The analysis included available literature that documented medical and surgical interventions performed on POD1 review after pars plana vitrectomy. A meta-analysis of proportions was conducted using a binomial-normal model to analyze three data sets consisting of all interventions, medical interventions, and surgical interventions. Heterogeneity and publication bias analyses were performed. RESULTS: POD1 reviews of 2,262 patients across 14 studies were examined to yield a total POD1 intervention rate estimate of 4.7% (95% confidence interval [CI], 3.0-13.9). When stratified by medical or surgical intervention, the intervention rate estimates were 4.1% (95% CI, 1.4-11.6) and 0.7% (95% CI, 0.3-1.3), respectively. The most common complication requiring postoperative intervention was elevated intraocular pressure. CONCLUSION: Given the wide confidence intervals of the estimated intervention rates, variability in postoperative practices, and range of interventions performed, the POD1 review cannot be discarded in its entirety. [Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina. 2021;52:513-518.].


Subject(s)
Eye Diseases , Vitrectomy , Humans , Intraocular Pressure , Postoperative Complications , Postoperative Period , Retrospective Studies , Tonometry, Ocular
10.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(8)2021 Aug 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1371862

ABSTRACT

The role of viral infection in extrapulmonary postoperative complications in CoV-2 patients is still debated. Perioperative bleeding is rare compared with thrombotic events, but can be related to a haemorrhagic CoV-2-associated disseminated intravascular coagulopathy-like syndrome.


Subject(s)
Postoperative Hemorrhage , Thrombosis , Humans , Postoperative Complications , Postoperative Hemorrhage/etiology , Postoperative Period
11.
PLoS One ; 16(7): e0254958, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1331994

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic forced a reconsideration of surgical patient management in the setting of scarce resources and risk of viral transmission. Herein we assess the impact of implementing a protocol of more rigorous patient education, recovery room assessment for non-ICU admission, earlier mobilization and post-discharge communication for patients undergoing brain tumor surgery. METHODS: A case-control retrospective review was undertaken at a community hospital with a dedicated neurosurgery and otolaryngology team using minimally invasive surgical techniques, total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) and early post-operative imaging protocols. All patients undergoing craniotomy or endoscopic endonasal removal of a brain, skull base or pituitary tumor were included during two non-overlapping periods: March 2019-January 2020 (pre-pandemic epoch) versus March 2020-January 2021 (pandemic epoch with streamlined care protocol implemented). Data collection included demographics, preoperative American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) status, tumor pathology, and tumor resection and remission rates. Primary outcomes were ICU utilization and hospital length of stay (LOS). Secondary outcomes were complications, readmissions and reoperations. FINDINGS: Of 295 patients, 163 patients were treated pre-pandemic (58% women, mean age 53.2±16 years) and 132 were treated during the pandemic (52% women, mean age 52.3±17 years). From pre-pandemic to pandemic, ICU utilization decreased from 92(54%) to 43(29%) of operations (p<0.001) and hospital LOS≤1 day increased from 21(12.2%) to 60(41.4%), p<0.001, respectively. For craniotomy cohort, median LOS was 2 days for both epochs; median ICU LOS decreased from 1 to 0 days (p<0.001), ICU use decreased from 73(80%) to 29(33%),(p<0.001). For endonasal cohort, median LOS decreased from 2 to 1 days; median ICU LOS was 0 days for both epochs; (p<0.001). There were no differences pre-pandemic versus pandemic in ASA scores, resection/remission rates, readmissions or reoperations. CONCLUSION: This experience suggests the COVID-19 pandemic provided an opportunity for implementing a brain tumor care protocol to facilitate safely decreasing ICU utilization and accelerating discharge home without an increase in complications, readmission or reoperations. More rigorous patient education, recovery room assessment for non-ICU admission, earlier mobilization and post-discharge communication, layered upon a foundation of minimally invasive surgery, TIVA anesthesia and early post-operative imaging are possible contributors to these favorable trends.


Subject(s)
Brain Neoplasms/surgery , COVID-19/prevention & control , Pandemics/prevention & control , Case-Control Studies , Craniotomy/methods , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Female , Hospitalization , Humans , Length of Stay , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Patient Discharge , Patient Readmission , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Postoperative Period , Reoperation/methods , Retrospective Studies
12.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 16(1): 112, 2021 Apr 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1204099

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 has caused a global pandemic of unprecedented proportions. Elective cardiac surgery has been universally postponed with only urgent and emergency cardiac operations being performed. The National Health Service in the United Kingdom introduced national measures to conserve intensive care beds and significantly limit elective activity shortly after lockdown. CASE PRESENTATION: We report two cases of early post-operative mortality secondary to COVID-19 infection immediately prior to the implementation of these widespread measures. CONCLUSION: The role of cardiac surgery in the presence of COVID-19 is still very unpredictable and further studies on both short term and long term outcomes are warranted.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Cardiac Surgical Procedures/mortality , Emergencies/epidemiology , Pandemics , Aged , Comorbidity , Elective Surgical Procedures/mortality , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Period , SARS-CoV-2 , State Medicine , Survival Rate/trends , United Kingdom/epidemiology
14.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 147(4): 947-958, 2021 04 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1174990

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The accepted "one-size-fits-all" dose strategy for prophylactic enoxaparin may not optimize the medication's risks and benefits after surgical procedures. The authors hypothesized that weight-based administration might improve the pharmacokinetics of prophylactic enoxaparin when compared to fixed-dose administration. METHODS: The FIxed or Variable Enoxaparin (FIVE) trial was a randomized, double-blind trial that compared the pharmacokinetic and clinical outcomes of patients assigned randomly to postoperative venous thromboembolism prophylaxis using enoxaparin 40 mg twice daily or enoxaparin 0.5 mg/kg twice daily. Patients were randomized after surgery and received the first enoxaparin dose at 8 hours after surgery. Primary hypotheses were (1) weight-based administration is noninferior to a fixed dose for avoiding underanticoagulation (anti-factor Xa <0.2 IU/ml) and (2) weight-based administration is superior to fixed-dose administration for avoiding overanticoagulation (anti-factor Xa >0.4 IU/ml). Secondary endpoints were 90-day venous thromboembolism and bleeding. RESULTS: In total, 295 patients were randomized, with 151 assigned to fixed-dose and 144 to weight-based administration of enoxaparin. For avoidance of under anticoagulation, weight-based administration had a greater effectiveness (79.9 percent versus 76.6 percent); the 3.3 percent (95 percent CI, -7.5 to 12.5 percent) greater effectiveness achieved statistically significant noninferiority relative to the a priori specified -12 percent noninferiority margin (p = 0.004). For avoidance of overanticoagulation, weight-based enoxaparin administration was superior to fixed-dose administration (90.6 percent versus 82.2 percent); the 8.4 percent (95 percent CI, 0.1 to 16.6 percent) greater effectiveness showed significant safety superiority (p = 0.046). Ninety-day venous thromboembolism and major bleeding were not different between fixed-dose and weight-based cohorts (0.66 percent versus 0.69 percent, p = 0.98; 3.3 percent versus 4.2 percent, p = 0.72, respectively). CONCLUSION: Weight-based administration showed superior pharmacokinetics for avoidance of underanticoagulation and overanticoagulation in postoperative patients receiving prophylactic enoxaparin. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, I.


Subject(s)
Anticoagulants/administration & dosage , Enoxaparin/administration & dosage , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Venous Thromboembolism/prevention & control , Adult , Double-Blind Method , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Period
15.
Pediatr Transplant ; 25(5): e13986, 2021 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1124666

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has proven to be a challenge in regard to the clinical presentation, prevention, diagnosis, and management of SARS-CoV-2 infection among children who are candidates for and recipients of SOT. By providing scenarios and frequently asked questions encountered in routine clinical practice, this document provides expert opinion and summarizes the available data regarding the prevention, diagnosis, and management of SARS-CoV-2 infection among pediatric SOT candidates and recipients and highlights ongoing knowledge gaps requiring further study. Currently available data are still lacking in the pediatric SOT population, but data have emerged in both the adult SOT and general pediatric population regarding the approach to COVID-19. The document provides expert opinion regarding prevention, diagnosis, and management of SARS-CoV-2 infection among pediatric SOT candidates and recipients.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , End Stage Liver Disease/surgery , Liver Transplantation/adverse effects , Lung Transplantation/adverse effects , SARS-CoV-2 , Transplant Recipients , Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , False Positive Reactions , Female , Humans , Immunocompromised Host , Male , Organ Transplantation , Pandemics , Patient Safety , Postoperative Period , Reproducibility of Results , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Risk , Risk Factors
17.
CMAJ Open ; 9(1): E142-E148, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1115548

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: After nonelective (i.e., semiurgent, urgent and emergent) surgeries, patients discharged from hospitals are at risk of readmissions, emergency department visits or death. During the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, we are undertaking the Post Discharge after Surgery Virtual Care with Remote Automated Monitoring Technology (PVC-RAM) trial to determine if virtual care with remote automated monitoring (RAM) compared with standard care will increase the number of days adult patients remain alive at home after being discharged following nonelective surgery. METHODS: We are conducting a randomized controlled trial in which 900 adults who are being discharged after nonelective surgery from 8 Canadian hospitals are randomly assigned to receive virtual care with RAM or standard care. Outcome adjudicators are masked to group allocations. Patients in the experimental group learn how to use the study's tablet computer and RAM technology, which will measure their vital signs. For 30 days, patients take daily biophysical measurements and complete a recovery survey. Patients interact with nurses via the cellular modem-enabled tablet, who escalate care to preassigned and available physicians if RAM measurements exceed predetermined thresholds, patients report symptoms, a medication error is identified or the nurses have concerns they cannot resolve. The primary outcome is number of days alive at home during the 30 days after randomization. INTERPRETATION: This trial will inform management of patients after discharge following surgery in the COVID-19 pandemic and offer insights for management of patients who undergo nonelective surgery in a nonpandemic setting. Knowledge dissemination will be supported through an online multimedia resource centre, policy briefs, presentations, peer-reviewed journal publications and media engagement. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, no. NCT04344665.


Subject(s)
Aftercare/trends , Monitoring, Ambulatory/methods , Patient Discharge/standards , Remote Consultation/instrumentation , Adult , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/epidemiology , Canada/epidemiology , Computers, Handheld/supply & distribution , Humans , Middle Aged , Postoperative Period , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , User-Computer Interface
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(6): e24141, 2021 Feb 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1101918

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The global neo-coronary pneumonia epidemic has increased the workload of healthcare institutions in various countries and directly affected the physical and psychological recovery of the vast majority of patients requiring hospitalization in China. We anticipate that post-total knee arthroplasty kinesiophobia may have an impact on patients' postoperative pain scores, knee function, and ability to care for themselves in daily life. The purpose of this study is to conduct a micro-video intervention via WeChat to verify the impact of this method on the rapid recovery of patients with kinesiophobia after total knee arthroplasty during neo-coronary pneumonia. METHODS: Using convenience sampling method, 78 patients with kinesiophobia after artificial total knee arthroplasty who met the exclusion criteria were selected and randomly grouped, with the control group receiving routine off-line instruction and the intervention group receiving micro-video intervention, and the changes in the relevant indexes of the two groups of patients at different time points on postoperative day 1, 3 and 7 were recorded and analyzed. RESULTS: There were no statistical differences in the scores of kinesiophobia, pain, knee flexion mobility (ROM) and ability to take care of daily life between the two groups on the first postoperative day (P > .05). On postoperative day 3 and 7, there were statistical differences in Tampa Scale for kinesiophobia, pain, activities of daily living scale score and ROM between the two groups (P < .01), and the first time of getting out of bed between the two groups (P < .05), and by repeated-measures ANOVA, there were statistically significant time points, groups and interaction effects of the outcome indicators between the 2 groups (P < .01), indicating that the intervention group reconstructed the patients' postoperative kinesiophobiaand hyperactivity. The level of pain awareness facilitates the patient's acquisition of the correct functional exercises to make them change their misbehavior. CONCLUSIONS: WeChat micro-video can reduce the fear of movement score and pain score in patients with kinesiophobia after unilateral total knee arthroplasty, shorten the first time out of bed, and improve their joint mobility and daily living ability. ETHICS: This study has passed the ethical review of the hospital where it was conducted and has been filed, Ethics Approval Number: 20181203-01.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/psychology , COVID-19/psychology , Phobic Disorders/psychology , Pneumonia/epidemiology , Activities of Daily Living , Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/adverse effects , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/virology , Case-Control Studies , China/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Knee Joint/physiopathology , Knee Joint/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Pain, Postoperative/diagnosis , Pain, Postoperative/psychology , Pneumonia/virology , Postoperative Period , Prospective Studies , Range of Motion, Articular , Recovery of Function , Rehabilitation/methods , Rehabilitation/psychology , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Videoconferencing/instrumentation , Videoconferencing/statistics & numerical data
19.
In Vivo ; 35(2): 1307-1311, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1100489

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study is to report a case series of three patients who developed postoperative severe acute respiratory syndrome corona virus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, although the initial tests were negative. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between April and September 2020, three patients submitted to pancreatoduodenectomy developed SARS-CoV-2 infection; their outcomes were compared to those of a similar group in which the postoperative outcomes were uneventful. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of pre- and intraoperative outcomes; however, all of the three cases who developed SARS-CoV-2 infection postoperatively required re-admission in the intensive care unit and a longer hospital in stay. The overall mortality rate was null. CONCLUSION: Patients submitted to pancreatoduodenectomy for pancreatic head cancer who develop SARS-COV-2 infection postoperatively need a more appropriate supportive care; however, the overall mortality does not appear to increase, justifying, in this way, the continuation of programmed oncological of surgeries.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/prevention & control , Pancreatic Neoplasms/surgery , Pancreaticoduodenectomy/methods , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , Adult , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/virology , Humans , Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data , Middle Aged , Outcome Assessment, Health Care/methods , Pancreatic Neoplasms/complications , Postoperative Period , SARS-CoV-2/physiology
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