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1.
Psychiatr Danub ; 32(1): 22-24, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2100747

ABSTRACT

This work gives an overview of the methods of scenic expression which can be used to help cope with the crisis caused by the global threat of the coronavirus pandemic. The virus is new, the vaccine has not been developed yet and there are no unified prevention and post-prevention policies. In the following lines some modified elements of psychodrama interventions are presented including the ways of preventing the retraumatization of the patient (protagonist). This can be achieved by conscious reliving of the trauma and by activating new, transformative roles to guide the protagonist on his way to recovery.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections/psychology , Patients , Pneumonia, Viral/psychology , Psychodrama , Psychological Trauma , COVID-19 , Humans , Pandemics , Patients/psychology , Psychological Trauma/etiology , Psychological Trauma/therapy , SARS-CoV-2
6.
Psychol Trauma ; 12(6): 582-584, 2020 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-706406

ABSTRACT

India enforced one of the world's largest lockdowns in the last quarter of March 2020 to minimize the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. This commentary focuses on the mental health implications of the ongoing pandemic as well as the lockdown that lasted for more than two months and is still in place in certain areas. Whereas loneliness, stress, anxiety, and depression have been widespread, vulnerable sections of the population, including daily wage workers, migrant laborers, religious minorities, women and children, and the elderly, have been facing various forms of economic, sociopolitical, and familial stigma, racism, and violence. By and large, the COVID-19 pandemic has widened all forms of societal disparities in India. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Subject(s)
Adaptation, Psychological , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections/psychology , Health Status Disparities , Pneumonia, Viral/psychology , Psychological Trauma/psychology , Quarantine/psychology , Vulnerable Populations/psychology , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Humans , India , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Psychological Trauma/etiology , SARS-CoV-2
8.
Psychol Trauma ; 12(S1): S193-S194, 2020 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-607261

ABSTRACT

Adverse childhood experiences, which is defined by different forms of abuse, neglect, and household dysfunction occurring before the age of 18 years, is a major public health problem in the United States that has the potential to worsen in the current COVID-19 pandemic. Moreover, the challenge is even greater for children and youth from low-income communities and communities of color. Thus, there is a greater need for investments in youth-serving systems within and beyond health care and public health to effectively address adverse childhood experiences and prevent its short- and long-term negative health and social sequelae well beyond the current public health crisis. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Subject(s)
Adverse Childhood Experiences , Child Abuse , Coronavirus Infections , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Psychological Trauma , COVID-19 , Child , Exposure to Violence , Humans , Psychological Trauma/diagnosis , Psychological Trauma/etiology , Psychological Trauma/therapy
9.
Psychol Trauma ; 12(S1): S279-S280, 2020 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-607256

ABSTRACT

The ubiquitous exposure to COVID-19 argues for governments to use a trauma-informed response as a universal precaution, with the goal of promoting the recovery and resilience of their residents. How a system defines trauma will drive its administrative policies, research, and clinical services. The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration's Concept of Trauma and Guidance for a Trauma-Informed Approach offers governments a framework to define trauma and incorporate trauma-informed principles and tasks into their COVID-19 responses. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections , Mental Health Services/standards , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Psychological Trauma/diagnosis , Psychological Trauma/therapy , Adult , COVID-19 , Humans , Psychological Trauma/etiology , United States , United States Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
10.
Psychol Trauma ; 12(S1): S174-S176, 2020 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-607255

ABSTRACT

During the unprecedented COVID-19 pandemic, people around the world have faced a myriad of heart-rending and ethically difficult scenarios (e.g., not being able to tend to a sick or dying loved one) that may lead to subsequent guilt, shame, or moral injury. Trauma-informed guilt reduction therapy is a brief intervention that helps clients accurately appraise their role in a stressful event (such as those experienced during the COVID-19 pandemic) and find positive ways to express important values going forward. Future studies of trauma-informed guilt reduction therapy with those affected by COVID-19 will be helpful for clarifying its effectiveness with this population. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Subject(s)
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy/methods , Coronavirus Infections/psychology , Guilt , Morals , Pneumonia, Viral/psychology , Psychological Trauma/therapy , Shame , Adult , COVID-19 , Humans , Pandemics , Psychological Trauma/etiology , Psychotherapy, Brief
11.
Psychol Trauma ; 12(S1): S191-S192, 2020 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-607249

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic is projected to cause an economic shock larger than the global financial crisis of 2007-2008 and a recession as great as anything seen since the Great Depression in 1930s. The social and economic consequences of lockdowns and social distancing measures, such as unemployment, broken relationships and homelessness, create potential for intergenerational trauma extending decades into the future. In this article, we argue that, in the absence of a vaccine, governments need to introduce universal basic income as a means of mitigating this trauma. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections , Economic Recession , Income , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Psychological Trauma , Public Assistance , Adult , COVID-19 , Homeless Persons , Humans , Psychological Trauma/economics , Psychological Trauma/etiology , Psychological Trauma/prevention & control , Public Assistance/economics , Unemployment
12.
Psychol Trauma ; 12(S1): S239-S242, 2020 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-607241

ABSTRACT

In the wake of the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic and the psychological consequences that will follow, it is critical to acknowledge and understand the unique vulnerabilities of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer or questioning (LGBTQ) populations in order to provide equitable mental health intervention that reaches these highly at-risk groups. It is well established that LGBTQ persons face social disadvantages and mental health disparities, which may be exacerbated as a result of COVID-19 pandemic trauma and social isolation measures. This commentary highlights structural, social, and individual-level challenges among LGBTQ populations in the context of COVID-19 and proposes prevention recommendations to mitigate the psychological ramifications of COVID-19 pandemic-related trauma among LGBTQ persons. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections , Infection Control , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Psychological Trauma , Sexual and Gender Minorities/psychology , Social Isolation/psychology , Vulnerable Populations/psychology , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , COVID-19 , Child , Health Services Accessibility , Humans , Mental Health Services , Middle Aged , Psychological Trauma/etiology , Psychological Trauma/psychology , Psychological Trauma/therapy , Students , Young Adult
13.
Psychol Trauma ; 12(S1): S146-S147, 2020 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-598519

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has changed the way doctors approach palliative and end-of-life care, which has undoubtedly affected the mental health of patients, families, and health care professionals. Given these circumstances, doctors working on the front line are vulnerable to moral injury and compassion fatigue. This is a reflection of 2 junior doctors experiencing firsthand demands of caring for patients during the outbreak. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Subject(s)
Compassion Fatigue , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Medical Staff, Hospital , Palliative Care , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , Professional-Family Relations , Psychological Trauma , Terminal Care , Adult , COVID-19 , Compassion Fatigue/etiology , Compassion Fatigue/psychology , England , Humans , Medical Staff, Hospital/ethics , Medical Staff, Hospital/psychology , Morals , Palliative Care/ethics , Palliative Care/psychology , Professional-Family Relations/ethics , Psychological Trauma/etiology , Psychological Trauma/psychology , Terminal Care/ethics , Terminal Care/psychology
14.
Psychol Trauma ; 12(S1): S143-S145, 2020 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-598514

ABSTRACT

Religious leaders are at risk of psychological trauma and moral injury during the COVID-19 pandemic. This article highlights potentially traumatic or morally injurious experiences for religious leaders and provides evidence-based recommendations for mitigating their impact. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Subject(s)
Clergy , Coronavirus Infections , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Psychological Distress , Psychological Trauma , Religion and Psychology , Adult , Burnout, Psychological/etiology , Burnout, Psychological/psychology , COVID-19 , Clergy/ethics , Clergy/psychology , Humans , Morals , Psychological Trauma/etiology , Psychological Trauma/psychology , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/etiology , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/psychology
15.
Psychol Trauma ; 12(S1): S171-S173, 2020 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-594837

ABSTRACT

The physical and social isolation measures associated with the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak, although certainly necessary to contain the spread of the virus, represent a particularly distressing aspect that might accentuate the fears and pain associated with the disease, especially for patients, their family members, and health-care professionals. Affiliative responses to the crises are emerging as ad hoc or formally endorsed practices within COVID-19 facilities in Italy, aimed at establishing links of communication between patients and family members by using new communication technologies. Tending to the emotional needs of patients and mending the affiliative connections interrupted by the disease are good examples of interdisciplinary cohesion and affiliative responses to the COVID-19 emergency. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/psychology , Health Personnel/psychology , Interpersonal Relations , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/psychology , Psychological Trauma/psychology , Social Identification , Social Isolation , Stress, Psychological/psychology , Adult , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Humans , Italy , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , Psychological Trauma/etiology , Stress, Psychological/etiology
16.
Psychol Trauma ; 12(5): 452-454, 2020 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-596609

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 crisis can be defined as a collective trauma, which contributes to an upheaval of community connection and functioning. The current pandemic has also illuminated disparities in mental health supports. In this commentary, we highlight one community organization, located in metro Detroit, that has responded to the trauma by bolstering resources and supports for residents, many of whom are ethnoracial minorities. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Subject(s)
Community Mental Health Services/organization & administration , Coronavirus Infections , Healthcare Disparities/ethnology , Pandemics , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/ethnology , Pneumonia, Viral , Poverty/ethnology , Psychological Trauma/ethnology , Psychological Trauma/therapy , COVID-19 , Humans , Michigan/ethnology , Psychological Trauma/etiology
17.
Psychol Trauma ; 12(5): 478-479, 2020 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-596363

ABSTRACT

As of May 20, 2020, the COVID-19 death toll in Japan was 771. The 2020 Tokyo Olympics/Paralympics had to be postponed to 2021 because of the pandemic. Not only the infected patients but also health care workers have been affected from adverse societal dynamics because of COVID-19, such as discrimination and stigmatization. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections , Health Personnel/psychology , Mental Health Services , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Psychological Trauma , Self-Help Groups , Social Stigma , Adult , COVID-19 , Humans , Japan , Psychological Trauma/etiology , Psychological Trauma/therapy
18.
Psychol Trauma ; 12(S1): S138-S140, 2020 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-567615

ABSTRACT

Although little is known about moral injury in nonmilitary populations, the COVID-19 pandemic has made it clear that moral injury's relevance extends beyond the battlefield. Health care providers are experiencing potentially morally injurious events that may violate their moral code or values, yet almost no research has been conducted on moral injury among health care providers to date. The purpose of this commentary is to describe the relevance of moral injury to health care providers and to spark a dialogue that motivates future research, prevention, and intervention. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections , Health Personnel/ethics , Health Personnel/psychology , Occupational Diseases/psychology , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Psychological Trauma/psychology , Triage/ethics , Adult , Burnout, Professional/etiology , Burnout, Professional/psychology , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/psychology , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Humans , Morals , Occupational Diseases/etiology , Pneumonia, Viral/psychology , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , Psychological Trauma/etiology , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/etiology , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/psychology
19.
Psychol Trauma ; 12(S1): S162-S164, 2020 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-557900

ABSTRACT

The infection of the novel coronavirus that originated from Wuhan, China in December 2019 converted rapidly into a pandemic by March 11, 2020. Whereas the infection mortality rate is not completely understood, it seems to be significantly beyond that of other recent pandemics (e.g., H1N1 pandemic). This paper discusses moral injury in the context of disaster and epidemic and how easily the moral psychology of individuals and society can be shaken. Moral injury is a multiscientific concept involving psychology, culture, and religion. Amid the outbreak of the novel coronavirus pneumonia, immoral behaviors and events such as violence, injury, and illness have also caused different degrees of impact on the moral standards of individuals, confusing moral cognition, destroying moral emotion, and weakening moral toughness, resulting in varying degrees of moral injury. If there is no national health, there will be no positive society for all. Based on this, the public needs to pay close attention to the moral health of the whole people and effectively avoid the occurrence of moral injury. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/psychology , Emotions , Mental Fatigue/psychology , Morals , Pneumonia, Viral/psychology , Psychological Trauma/psychology , Social Perception , Adult , COVID-19 , Humans , Mental Fatigue/etiology , Pandemics , Psychological Trauma/etiology
20.
Psychol Trauma ; 12(S1): S25-S27, 2020 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-552195

ABSTRACT

This commentary article provides observations on the psychosocial consequences of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) among people in China and articulates a population health perspective to understand and address identified issues. We highlight key psychosocial effects of COVID-19, such as anxiety, insomnia, and trauma response, in the context of salient factors that shape Chinese people's psychological experiences, including the availability of Internet and technology, large-scale quarantine, economic impact, and the rise of xenophobia globally. Further, from a population health perspective, we make recommendations in COVID-19-related research and interventions that aim to promote the psychosocial health of Chinese people. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Subject(s)
Anxiety , Coronavirus Infections , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Psychological Trauma , Quarantine , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Xenophobia , Adult , Anxiety/etiology , Anxiety/psychology , Anxiety/therapy , COVID-19 , China , Coronavirus Infections/economics , Coronavirus Infections/psychology , Health Promotion , Humans , Pandemics/economics , Pneumonia, Viral/economics , Pneumonia, Viral/psychology , Psychological Trauma/etiology , Psychological Trauma/psychology , Psychological Trauma/therapy , Quarantine/economics , Quarantine/psychology , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/etiology , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/psychology , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/therapy , Xenophobia/psychology
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