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Retina ; 43(3): 506-513, 2023 03 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2256274


PURPOSE: To investigate trends and the potential impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the utilization of intravitreal antivascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) pharmaceuticals in an accountable care organization (ACO). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services beneficiary claims for all patients in the Houston Methodist Coordinated Care ACO registry during the years 2018, 2019, and 2020. RESULTS: Across the 3 years studied, a mean of 708 patients received anti-VEGF injections per year. The percentage of patients who received anti-VEGF injections decreased in each sequential year, with a steeper decline during the COVID-19 pandemic in the year 2020 (decrease by 0.4% from 2019 to 2020, P < 0.001; decrease by 0.2% from 2018 to 2019, P = 0.1453). The percentage of patients receiving bevacizumab of the total number of patients receiving any anti-VEGF treatment decreased (bevacizumab decreased by 6% from 2019 to 2020, P = 0.0174; decreased by 7% from 2018 to 2019, P = 0.0074). The COVID-19 pandemic did not seem to correlate with a change in the distribution of the specific anti-VEGF injection used. CONCLUSION: Despite the lower price which may correlate with value-based care, bevacizumab was the least used anti-VEGF treatment. COVID-19 correlated with a larger decrease in the utilization of all three anti-VEGF drugs.

COVID-19 , Ranibizumab , Humans , Aged , United States , Bevacizumab/therapeutic use , Ranibizumab/therapeutic use , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Endothelial Growth Factors , Retrospective Studies , Pandemics , Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor/therapeutic use , Medicare , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Intravitreal Injections , Recombinant Fusion Proteins
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(50): e28236, 2021 Dec 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1583957


RATIONALE: In this paper, we report on 2 patients who developed branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) exacerbation 1 day after administration of the BNT162b2 (Pfizer-BioNTech) SARS-CoV-2 vaccine. PATIENT CONCERNS: Case 1: A 71 year-old female developed vision loss in her left eye 1 day after receiving a second dose of the SARS-CoV-2 mRNA vaccine. This patient was diagnosed with temporal inferior BRVO and secondary macular edema (ME) in her left eye. ME resolved after 3 doses of intravitreal aflibercept (IVA). After treatment, no recurrence of ME was observed.Case 2: A 72 year-old man developed vision loss in his right eye 1 day after receiving the first dose of the SARS-CoV-2 mRNA vaccine. This patient was diagnosed with temporal superior BRVO in the right eye without ME. The patient was followed up and did not undergo any additional treatment. DIAGNOSES: Case1: Temporal superior BRVO and secondary ME were observed in the left eye. Her best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 20/30.Case2: Temporal superior BRVO recurrence and secondary ME were observed in the right eye. BCVA was 20/25. INTERVENTIONS: Case1: Additional dose of IVA was administered. Case2: Two times of Intravitreal ranibizumab was administered twice. OUTCOMES: Case1: Subsequently, ME resolved BCVA was 20/20. Case2: Subsequently, ME resolved BCVA was 20/25. LESSONS: Both cases showed a possible association between SARS-CoV-2 vaccination and the exacerbation of BRVO.

BNT162 Vaccine/adverse effects , COVID-19 , Macular Edema , Retinal Vein Occlusion/chemically induced , Aged , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , COVID-19/prevention & control , Female , Humans , Intravitreal Injections , Macular Edema/drug therapy , Male , Ranibizumab/therapeutic use , Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor/therapeutic use , Recombinant Fusion Proteins/therapeutic use , Retinal Vein Occlusion/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome , Vaccination , Visual Acuity
Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol ; 258(12): 2621-2628, 2020 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-812593


PURPOSE: To estimate the impact of delayed care during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on the outcomes of patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: Consecutive patients with diagnosis of neovascular AMD were consecutively enrolled between March 9, 2020, and June 12, 2020, (during and immediately after the Italian COVID-19 quarantine). During the inclusion (or pandemic) visit (V0), patients received a complete ophthalmologic evaluation, including optical coherence tomography (OCT). Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and OCT findings from the two preceding visits (V-1 and V-2) were compared with data at V0. RESULTS: One-hundred patients (112 eyes) were enrolled in this study. The time interval between following visits was 110.7 ± 37.5 days within V0 and V-1 and 80.8 ± 39.7 days within V-1 and V-2, respectively (P < 0.0001). BCVA was statistically worse at the V0 visit as compared with the immediately preceding (V-1) visit (0.50 ± 0.43 LogMAR and 0.45 ± 0.38 LogMAR at the V0 and V-1 visits, respectively; P = 0.046). On structural OCT, 91 out of 112 (81.2%) neovascular AMD eyes displayed the evidence of exudative disease activity at the V0 visit, while 77 (68.7%) eyes exhibited signs of exudation at the V-1 visit (P = 0.022). No differences in terms of BCVA and OCT findings were detected between the V-1 and V-2 visits. In multiple regression analysis, the difference in BCVA between V0 and V-1 visits was significantly associated with the interval time within these two visits (P = 0.026). CONCLUSION: The COVID-19 pandemic-related postponement in patient care proved to be significantly associated with worse short-term outcomes in these patients.

Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Betacoronavirus , Choroidal Neovascularization/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Retinal Neovascularization/drug therapy , Time-to-Treatment , Wet Macular Degeneration/drug therapy , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bevacizumab/therapeutic use , COVID-19 , Choroidal Neovascularization/diagnostic imaging , Choroidal Neovascularization/physiopathology , Female , Humans , Intravitreal Injections , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Quarantine , Ranibizumab/therapeutic use , Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor/therapeutic use , Recombinant Fusion Proteins/therapeutic use , Retinal Neovascularization/diagnostic imaging , Retinal Neovascularization/physiopathology , SARS-CoV-2 , Subretinal Fluid , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Treatment Outcome , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/antagonists & inhibitors , Visual Acuity/physiology , Wet Macular Degeneration/diagnostic imaging , Wet Macular Degeneration/physiopathology