Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 508
Filter
1.
Prim Care Companion CNS Disord ; 24(5)2022 Sep 22.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2163863

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess user perception regarding different aspects of the telepsychiatry process.Methods: This cross-sectional survey study was conducted between July and September 2020 with follow-up patients attending teleconsultation at a tertiary care center (N = 108). The online survey included questions about the user's experience such as the appointment process and different aspects of teleconsultation, as well as perceived benefits, difficulties experienced, and suggestions for improvement. The sociodemographic and clinical data were retrieved from the electronic record.Results: The majority of patients expressed satisfaction with teleconsultation. The patients who were living far from the center (> 100 km) and those with psychotic illness favored telepsychiatry. Patients with nonpsychotic illnesses reported significantly less satisfaction with counseling in teleconsultation.Conclusions: The findings substantiate the acceptance of telepsychiatry services and emphasize the need for a tailor-made hybrid form of consultation as per the patient's profile.


Subject(s)
Psychiatry , Remote Consultation , Telemedicine , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Patient Satisfaction , Perception , Telephone
4.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 68(10): 1376-1382, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2140984

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to characterize teleconsultations in neurology executed by Regula+Brasil project in Recife, a capital city in northeastern Brazil. METHODS: A descriptive study carried out by four private hospitals, in a partnership with the Ministry of Health in Brazil. Teleconsultation was performed preferably in the video modality. Conditions eligible for teleconsultation were headache, epilepsy, and cerebrovascular disorders. Period of analysis was May to September 2020. RESULTS: A total of 243 teleconsultations were analyzed, of which 76.95% was a first appointment. In 48.97% of cases, the teleconsultation represented the first opportunity for the patient to be consulted with the specialist. Among cases of first appointment, 20.16% were further referred to a face-to-face consultation and 21.81% could be redirected to primary health care. Headache disorders were the most predominant clinical conditions. CONCLUSIONS: The implementation and development of telemedicine by Regula+Brasil during the COVID-19 pandemic represented an opportunity to assess the value of having teleconsultations added along the line of care from primary care to a medical specialty, promoting the coordination of care across different levels of complexity of care in the health system and improving access to specialized care.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Neurology , Remote Consultation , Telemedicine , Humans , Pandemics
5.
Rural Remote Health ; 22(4): 7196, 2022 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2146089

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Remote consultations help reduce contact between people and prevent cross-contamination. Little is known about the changes in consultation in European rural primary care during the SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) pandemic. The purpose of this mixed-methods cross-sectional study was to find out more about the effects of the pandemic on changes in patient consultations in European rural primary care. METHODS: A key informant survey from 16 member countries of the European Rural and Isolated Practitioners Association (EURIPA) was undertaken using a self-developed questionnaire. The steering committee of this project, called EURIPA Covid-19 study, developed a semi-structured questionnaire with 68 questions, 21 of which included free-text comments. Proportions were calculated for dichotomized or categorized data, and means were calculated for continuous data. Multivariate analysis by logistic regression model was used to assess the association of multiple variables. RESULTS: A total of 406 questionnaires from primary care providers (PCPs) in 16 European countries were collected; 245 respondents (60.5%) were females, 152 PCPs were rural (37.5%), 124 semi-rural (30.5%). Mean age of the respondents was 45.9 years (standard deviation (SD) 11.30) while mean seniority (length of experience) was 18.2 years (SD 11.6). A total of 381 (93.8%) respondents were medical doctors. Significant differences were found between countries in adopting alternative arrangements to face-to-face consultation: remote teleconsultation is well appreciated by both healthcare professionals and patients, but the most common way of remote consultation remains telephone consultation. A factor significantly inversely associated with the adoption of video consultation was the seniority of the PCP (odds ratio 1.19, 95% confidence interval 1.02-1.40, p=0.03). CONCLUSION: Telephone consultation is the most common form of remote consultation. The adoption of video-consultation is inversely related to the seniority of the informants.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Remote Consultation , Telemedicine , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Male , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Cross-Sectional Studies , Telephone , Telemedicine/methods
6.
Neurol India ; 70(5): 2003-2008, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2117325

ABSTRACT

Background: Telemedicine (TM) consultations have shown to be feasible for the management of neurological conditions including movement disorders. In contrast, satisfaction with such consultations have been less studied. Objective: To assess the satisfaction of persons with a movement disorder with a TM consultation in comparison to previous experiences in face-to-face visits. Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional multicenter study was carried out. Persons with a diagnosis of a movement disorder underwent a TM consultation. After the consultation concluded, a satisfaction survey was sent for the subject to fill out anonymously. The survey included ease of use-related items, setup-related items, and quality-of-service-related items. Results: A total of 175 survey responses were received (response rate of 71.4%), all of which were included for analysis. A total of 102 subjects considered that the TM consultation involved much less time in comparison to their previous experience with face-to-face visits. Overall, 96% reported to be satisfied with the consultation. In addition, 92% were satisfied or very satisfied with the neurologist ability to communicate recommendations. Furthermore, 93.7% indicated that the consultation was valuable, and 90.9% considered that they would recommend teleconsultation to another patient. Conclusion: Patients with a diagnosis of a movement disorder consider TM as a convenient and potential tool for health services with a high level of satisfaction.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Essential Tremor , Parkinsonian Disorders , Remote Consultation , Telemedicine , Humans , Pandemics , Personal Satisfaction , Cross-Sectional Studies , Essential Tremor/diagnosis , Essential Tremor/therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Patient Satisfaction , Parkinsonian Disorders/diagnosis , Parkinsonian Disorders/therapy
7.
N Z Med J ; 135(1556): 94-103, 2022 06 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2112073

ABSTRACT

AIMS: Teleconsultation has been widely utilised during the COVID-19 pandemic. It allows clinicians to provide healthcare social distance restrictions. This study investigates its safety and limitations in different specialties and the possibility of incorporating telemedicine into future practice. METHODS: This was a qualitative study of 151 hospital-based specialists in New Zealand. An electronic questionnaire was sent via email addresses. These included participants' demography and their experience of using teleconsultation during the pandemic. The safety and suitability of teleconsultation were assessed with time efficiency, data security concerns, missed clinical information and specialist's ability to examine patients. RESULTS: This study found that 92.7% of hospital-based specialists used teleconsultation during the pandemic. More specialists reported the efficiency was similar or greater with teleconsultation and most patients could be seen via teleconsultation appointments. Limitations of these were due to poor physical examination and poor non-verbal cues sensing. There is a general preference for physical consultation. CONCLUSION: Teleconsultation is used widely across many specialties during the pandemic. Despite limitations identified with teleconsultations and preference for physical consultation, doctors are prepared to provide teleconsultations in the future beyond the pandemic. In appropriately selected patients, especially in non-procedural specialties, teleconsultation will have an increasing role in healthcare.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Remote Consultation , Telemedicine , COVID-19/epidemiology , Hospitals , Humans , New Zealand/epidemiology , Pandemics
8.
MedUNAB ; 25(1): 83-85, 202205.
Article in Spanish | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-2100901

ABSTRACT

Estimada Editora: La pandemia secundaria a la infección por SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) aisló durante meses al mundo y produjo un impacto en las cifras de morbilidad y mortalidad. Al 27 de agosto de 2021 se han reportado a nivel mundial 215,047,649 casos y 4,480,486 muertes. En Colombia, para la misma fecha se reportaron 4,899,085 casos y 124,567 muertes (1). Entre las medidas sanitarias para disminuir la propagación de la infección se implementó el aislamiento obligatorio, condición que impulsó a todos los sectores a generar transformaciones. Para el caso del sistema de salud, entre sus estrategias se generó una rápida implementación de la telemedicina (TM). El término TM se introdujo en 1970 como la "curación a distancia", definida por la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) como "la prestación de servicios de atención médica mediante el uso de tecnologías de la información y la comunicación para realizar un diagnóstico, tratamiento y prevención de enfermedades" (2). Los objetivos de la TM son mejorar la calidad del servicio de salud, reducción de los costos de transporte, disminución de los tiempos de espera para la atención y brindar mayor oportunidad de atención a zonas geográficas distantes. Sumado a lo anterior, en el contexto de la pandemia permitió disminuir la exposición a la infección en los pacientes y profesionales en salud (3,4).


Dear editor: The pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection isolated the world for months and impacted morbidity and mortality rate figures. 215,047,649 cases and 4,480,486 deaths have been reported worldwide as of August 27, 2021. In Colombia, 4,899,085 cases and 124,567 deaths were reported as of the same date (1). Mandatory isolation was among the health measures to reduce propagation. This situation drove all sectors to transform. With respect to the health care system, telemedicine (TM) was quickly implemented as one of its strategies. The term TM was introduced in 1970 as "healing at a distance," defined by the World Health Organization as "The delivery of health care services using information and communication technologies for diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease" (2). The objectives of TM are to improve the quality of health care services, reduce transportation costs, reduce wait times and provide more opportunities to attend to geographically distant areas. In addition to the above, it allowed decreasing patients and health care professionals' exposure to the infection in pandemic context (3,4).


Cara Editora: A pandemia secundária à infecção por SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) isolou o mundo por meses e teve um impacto nos números de morbidade e mortalidade. Até 27 de agosto de 2021, 215.047.649 casos e 4.480.486 mortes foram relatados em todo o mundo. Na Colômbia, para a mesma data, foram notificados 4.899.085 casos e 124.567 óbitos (1). Entre as medidas sanitárias para reduzir a propagação do contágio, foi implementado o isolamento obrigatório, condição que levou todos os setores a gerar transformações. No caso do sistema de saúde, uma de suas estratégias foi a rápida implantação da telemedicina (TM). O termo TM foi introduzido em 1970 como "cura à distância", definido pela Organização Mundial da Saúde como "a prestação de serviços de saúde por meio do uso de tecnologias de informação e comunicação para realizar diagnóstico, tratamento e prevenção de doenças" (2). Os objetivos do TM são melhorar a qualidade dos serviços de saúde, reduzir os custos de transporte, diminuir os tempos de espera para atendimento e proporcionar maior oportunidade de atendimento em áreas geográficas distantes. Além do exposto, no contexto da pandemia, permitiu reduzir a exposição à infecção em pacientes e profissionais de saúde (3,4).


Subject(s)
Telemedicine , Coronavirus Infections , Remote Consultation , Healthcare Disparities , Internet Access
9.
J Pediatr (Rio J) ; 98(6): 587-589, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2095684

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the impact of teleconsultation on glycemic control and prevention of acute complications related to diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents treated in a reference hospital during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. METHOD: Descriptive study of data from pediatric diabetic patients who received teleconsultation between April and September 2020. RESULTS: During this period, 143 diabetic patients were evaluated, with a median of 3.4 teleconsultations per patient in the studied period, requiring adjustment of insulin doses in 84.6% of cases. The hospital admission rate was 8,4% due to diabetic decompensation. The metabolic control (HbA1c) became worse in 46% of the sample and improved in 37%. CONCLUSION: The teleconsultation promoted health care for patients with diabetes mellitus during the COVID-19 pandemic but was not able to guarantee adequate glycemic control.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 , Remote Consultation , Adolescent , Humans , Child , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/therapy , Pandemics , Brazil/epidemiology , Hospitals
10.
Ir J Psychol Med ; 38(2): 132-139, 2021 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2096524

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, there has been a shift globally from face-to-face consultations to remote consultations. In our department, remote consultations have taken in the form of telephone consultations. In this paper, we set out to study a group of Irish psychiatrists' experience of these consultations. METHODS: We identified recurrent themes in the existing literature on doctors' experience of telephone consultations with a view to determining the applicability of these themes to a group of Irish psychiatrists. A questionnaire was developed based on themes in the literature. This was sent to all psychiatrists working in a busy psychiatric service in Dublin. RESULTS: The questionnaire response rate was 72% (n = 26/35). Diagnostic challenges, the effect of phone consultation on the therapeutic alliance, challenges associated with the use of technology and ethical concerns were identified as issues. Flexibility in the working day and convenience were identified as possible benefits to telephone consultations. CONCLUSIONS: The group that participated in this research study identified a number of challenges to carrying out successful phone consultations. This study highlights the need at our clinical site for interventions to address the issues identified by staff. The findings also highlight the requirement for larger studies with stronger methodologies to determine the generalisability of our results.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Psychiatry , Remote Consultation , Humans , Outpatients , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Telephone
11.
Br J Gen Pract ; 72(725): e907-e915, 2022 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2081799

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Following a large-scale, pandemic-driven shift to remote consulting in UK general practice in 2020, 2021 saw a partial return to in-person consultations. This occurred in the context of extreme workload pressures because of backlogs, staff shortages, and task shifting. AIM: To study media depictions of remote consultations in UK general practice at a time of system stress. DESIGN AND SETTING: Thematic analysis of national newspaper articles about remote GP consultations from two time periods: 13-26 May 2021, following an NHS England letter, and 14-27 October 2021, following a government-backed directive, both stipulating a return to in-person consulting. METHOD: Articles were identified through, and retrieved from, LexisNexis. A coding system of themes and narrative devices was developed iteratively to inform data analysis. RESULTS: In total, 25 articles reported on the letter and 75 on the directive. Newspaper coverage of remote consulting was strikingly negative. The right-leaning press in particular praised the return to in-person consultations, depicting remote care as creating access barriers and compromising safety. Two newspapers led national campaigns pressuring the government to require GPs to offer in-person consultations. GPs were quoted as reluctant to return to an 'in-person by default' service (as it would further pressurise a system already close to breaking point). CONCLUSION: Remote consultations have become associated in the media with poor practice. Some newspapers were actively leading the 'war' on general practice rather than merely reporting on it. Proactive dialogue between practitioners and the media might help minimise polarisation and improve perceptions around general practice.


Subject(s)
General Practice , Remote Consultation , Humans , Family Practice , Workload , England
12.
Int J Med Inform ; 168: 104867, 2022 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2061273

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic accelerated efforts to deploy and regulate medical teleconsultation in Brazil. Studying the Brazilian Unified Public Health System (SUS) experiences in implementing teleconsultations can help to inform their sustainability. This study identifies the changes required to integrate specialized teleconsultation in local workflows in SUS. METHODS: A case study of teleconsultation performed by a University Hospital and a Municipal Specialty Outpatient Clinic in the south of Brazil collected information from two focus groups with specialised doctors, two key informant interviews and associated documents. The Non-adoption, Abandonment, Scale-up, Spread, and Sustainability (NASSS) framework domains of condition, technology, proposal value, users and organization informed a qualitative thematic analysis of this data. RESULTS: Several forms of teleconsultation were used to manage paediatrics and endocrine conditions including instant messaging, WhatsApp, telephone calls and video consultations which were also used for dermatology. In Brazil, telephone interactions are not considered teleconsultation. In contrast, video consultations were longer than face-to-face appointments, facilitate the understanding and evaluation of conditions, and offered continuity of care, comfort, and safety, without the need for patients to travel, reducing the risk of infection. Patients accepted video consultations to varying degrees but some found it difficult to use the technology. The willingness of doctors to provide any form of teleconsultation was important. Management support was key to defining workflows, coordinating care pathways, and providing technical support. CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights particularities of teleconsultation uptake for the included specialities. The NASSS framework provides a useful means of identifying the changes to enable teleconsultation continuity for specialised care in SUS.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Remote Consultation , Humans , Child , Pandemics , Brazil , Health Personnel
13.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 263, 2022 Feb 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2038733

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has challenged the ability of healthcare systems to ensure the continuity of health services for patients with non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The issue of remote consultations has emerged. Before the COVID-19 pandemic, remote consultations were not routinely provided or covered by public health funding in Latvia. This study aimed to describe the dynamics of consultations and the volume of remote consultations provided for patients with particular NCD and explore clinicians' experiences of providing remote consultations during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in Latvia. METHODS: A mixed-method study focusing on the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in Latvia in Spring 2020 was conducted. Quantitative data from the National Health Services were analysed to assess the dynamics of consultations for patients with selected NCDs. Qualitative data were collected through 34 semi-structured interviews with general practitioners (GPs) and specialists and were analysed using an inductive thematic analysis. Purposive maximum variation sampling was used for participant selection. RESULTS: During the period with the strongest restrictions of scheduled on-site consultations, a decrease in the total number of consultations was observed for a variety of NCDs. A significant proportion of consultations in this period were provided remotely. GPs provided approximately one-third of cancer-related consultations and almost half of consultations for the other selected conditions remotely. Among specialists, endocrinologists had the highest proportion of remote consultations (up to 72.0%), while urologists had the lowest (16.4%). Thematic analysis of the semi-structured interviews revealed five themes: 1) Adjusting in a time of confusion and fear, 2) Remote consultations: safety versus availability, 3) Sacrifice and loss of privacy, 4) Advantages and disadvantages of communication technologies, and 5) Different form of communication and a health literacy challenge. CONCLUSIONS: During the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in Latvia, disruptions to health care services decreased the total number of consultations for patients with NCDs provided by both GPs and specialists. In this period, remote consultations proved to be an important instrument for ensuring the continuity of health care for patients with NCDs, and the necessity to develop a well-designed system for telemedicine in Latvia was highlighted.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Noncommunicable Diseases , Remote Consultation , COVID-19/epidemiology , Health Services , Humans , Latvia/epidemiology , Noncommunicable Diseases/epidemiology , Noncommunicable Diseases/therapy , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
14.
Health Policy ; 126(10): 933-944, 2022 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2036029

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has boosted the adoption of digital health technologies such as teleconsultation. This research aimed to assess and compare barriers and facilitators for teleconsultation uptake for primary care practitioners in Hong Kong and the Netherlands and evaluate the role of their different healthcare funding models in this adoption process within the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. A qualitative research following a social constructivist paradigm was performed. The study employed a conceptual framework from Lau and colleagues that identifies four levels of factors influencing change in primary care: (1) external contextual factors; (2) organization-related factors; (3) professional factors; and (4) characteristics of the intervention. The four levels were studied through semi-structured, open-ended interviews with primary care physicians. External factors were additionally assessed by means of a literature review. Hong Kong and the Netherlands showed different penetration rates of teleconsultation. Most stakeholders in both settings shared similar barriers and facilitators in the organizational, professional, and intervention levels. However, external contextual factors (i.e., current teleconsultation legislation, available incentives, and level of public awareness) played an important and differing role in teleconsultation uptake and had a direct effect on the organization, the professionals involved, and the type of technology used. Political and organizational actions are required to develop a comprehensive legal framework for the sustainable development of teleconsultation in both settings.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Remote Consultation , Hong Kong , Humans , Netherlands , Pandemics , Primary Health Care , Qualitative Research
15.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(18)2022 Sep 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2032965

ABSTRACT

Teleconsultation has become one of the most important and sometimes the only possible forms of communication between healthcare professionals (HCPs) and their patients during the COVID-19 pandemic. The perceptions and attitudes of HCPs to teleconsultations may affect the quality of the therapeutic process provided using them. Therefore, this study aimed to understand the attitudes to and perceptions of medical teleconsultation among various HCPs during the COVID-19 pandemic. We analyzed data from a dedicated questionnaire on preferences, attitudes, and opinions about teleconsultation, which was filled by 780 Polish HCPs. Most of the HCPs were doctors and nurses (69% and 19%, respectively); most of the doctors were family physicians (50.1%). During the pandemic, teleconsultation and face-to-face contact were reported as the preferred methods of providing medical services with similar frequency. Doctors and nurses displayed the most positive attitude toward teleconsultation while the paramedics and physiotherapists took the least positive view of it. The most frequently indicated ratio of the optimal number of teleconsultations to in-person visits in primary health facilities care was 20%:80%. Most HCPs appreciate the value of teleconsultation, and more than half of them are willing to continue this form of communication with the patient when necessary or desirable.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Remote Consultation , Attitude , COVID-19/epidemiology , Humans , Pandemics , Perception
17.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 70(9): 3272-3277, 2022 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2024718

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To assess the role of remote teleconsultation (TC) follow-up care following a successful and uneventful laser vision correction. Methods: The study is a retrospective, comparative analysis of patients undergoing laser vision correction at tertiary care eye hospital in Southern India. The patients were divided into two groups. The first group included patients operated on before the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic and were followed up with physical consultations during their follow-up visit (Group 1). The second group comprised patients operated on during the pandemic and had at least one remote TC during their post-operative follow-up (Group 2). Results: A total of 1088 eyes of 564 patients and 717 eyes of 372 patients were included in Group 1 and 2, respectively. The mean number of visits for the patients from Group 2 during the COVID period (2.56 +/- 0.74 days) was significantly lesser (P < 0.0001) than that of Group 1 in the pre-COVID period (3.53 +/- 1.07 days). Close to 90% of the eyes achieved an uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA) of 20/20 in both groups (P = 0.925). 96.50% of the eyes in Group 1 and 98.18% of the eyes in Group 2 achieved UCVA 20/25 or better (P = 0.049). Eight eyes (0.73%) in Group 1 and one eye (0.14%) in Group 2 reported a loss of 2 or more lines. However, the results were not statistically significant (P = 0.156). None of the groups had any patients who had a sight-threatening complication. Conclusion: Remote TC following refractive surgery is safe and can be effectively integrated into routine refractive practice to reduce travel to the hospital for a physical consult.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Keratomileusis, Laser In Situ , Myopia , Photorefractive Keratectomy , Refractive Surgical Procedures , Remote Consultation , Humans , Lasers, Excimer , Refraction, Ocular , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
18.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 298: 142-146, 2022 Aug 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2022609

ABSTRACT

Teleconsultation has become a new means of using care which has taken off significantly since the COVID crisis, The pooling of the technological environment within the TC makes it possible to set up practice reviews by reusing the data collected. Our aim was to evaluate the relevance of antibiotic therapy during teleconsultations carried out on the national teleconsultation platform "Qare" in 4 common infections. 143,428 TCs with structured prescriptions were analyzed, with an appropriate prescription in more than 82% of cases, higher than in the literature. The use of data makes it possible to quickly assess practices and inform doctors to improve their practices.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Physicians , Remote Consultation , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , COVID-19/drug therapy , Humans , Prescriptions
19.
Asian J Psychiatr ; 75: 103207, 2022 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2014783
20.
Int J Med Inform ; 166: 104844, 2022 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1983212

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has limited face-to-face treatment, triggering a change in the structure of existing healthcare services. Unlike other groups, workers in underserved areas have relatively poor access to healthcare. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of video-based telehealth services using a mobile personal health record (PHR) app for vulnerable workers with metabolic risk factors. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted with 117 participants and 27 healthcare professionals for 16 weeks. Participants visited the research institution three times (at weeks 1, 8, and 16) and underwent health check-ups and used various features of the mobile PHR app. Healthcare professionals observed the participants's data using the monitoring system and performed appropriate interventions. The primary outcome measures were to evaluate the effects of services on changes in the participants' metabolic risk factors, and secondary outcome measures were to analyze changes in the participants' lifestyle and service satisfaction, and to observe service use through usage logs. One-way repeated measures ANOVA and Scheffé's test were performed to observe changes in participants' health status and lifestyle, and a paired t-test was performed to analyze changes in service satisfaction. Finally, in-depth interviews with healthcare professionals were performed using semi-structured questionnaires to understand service providers' perspectives after the end of the study. RESULTS: Systolic blood pressure (F = 7.32, P <.001), diastolic blood pressure (F = 11.30, P <.001), body weight (F = 29.53, P <.001), BMI (F = 17.31, P <.001), waist circumference (F = 17.33, P <.001), fasting blood glucose (F = 5.11, P =.007), and triglycerides (F = 4.66, P =.01) showed significant improvements with time points, whereas high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (F = 3.35, P =.067) did not. The dietary score (F = 3.26, P =.04) showed a significant improvement with time points, whereas physical activity (F = 1.06, P =.34) did not. In terms of service satisfaction, only lifestyle improvement (P <.001) showed a significant difference. COVID-19 has affected the performance of healthcare professionals, thereby changing the perspectives toward healthcare technology services. CONCLUSIONS: We evaluated the effectiveness of video-based telehealth services supporting workers' health status and lifestyle interventions using healthcare technologies such as the mobile PHR app, tele-monitoring, and video teleconsultation. Our results indicate that as a complementary means, its utility can be expanded in the field of occupational safety and health to overcome the limitations of face-to-face treatment due to COVID-19 in the future.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Mobile Applications , Remote Consultation , Blood Glucose , COVID-19/epidemiology , Cholesterol , Humans , Lipoproteins, HDL , Medically Underserved Area , Pandemics , Triglycerides
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL