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1.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 23(1): 233, 2023 May 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20240730

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Vaccination against the worldwide pandemic coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is underway; however, some cases of new onset uveitis after vaccination have been reported. We report a case of bilateral acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy-like (AMPPE-like) panuveitis after COVID-19 vaccination in which the patient's pathological condition was evaluated using multimodal imaging. CASE PRESENTATION: A 31-year-old woman experienced bilateral hyperemia and blurred vision starting 6 days after her second inoculation of the COVID-19 vaccination. At her first visit, her visual acuity was decreased bilaterally, and severe bilateral anterior chamber inflammation and bilateral scattering of cream-white placoid lesions on the fundus were detected. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) showed serous retinal detachment (SRD) and choroidal thickening in both eyes (OU). Fluorescein angiography (FA) revealed hypofluorescence in the early phase and hyperfluorescence in the late phase corresponding to the placoid legions. Indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) showed sharply marginated hypofluorescent dots of various sizes throughout the mid-venous and late phases OU. The patient was diagnosed with APMPPE and was observed without any medications. Three days later, her SRD disappeared spontaneously. However, her anterior chamber inflammation continued, and oral prednisolone (PSL) was given to her. Seven days after the patient's first visit, the hyperfluorescent lesions on FA and hypofluorescent dots on ICGA partially improved; however, the patient's best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) recovered only to 0.7 OD and 0.6 OS, and the impairment of the outer retinal layer was broadly detected as hyperautofluorescent lesions on fundus autofluorescence (FAF) examination and as irregularity in or disappearance of the ellipsoid and interdigitation zones on OCT, which were quite atypical for the findings of APMPPE. Steroid pulse therapy was performed. Five days later, the hyperfluorescence on FAF had disappeared, and the outer retinal layer improved on OCT. Moreover, the patient's BCVA recovered to 1.0 OU. Twelve months after the end of treatment, the patient did not show any recurrences. CONCLUSIONS: We observed a case of APMPPE-like panuveitis after COVID-19 vaccination featuring some atypical findings for APMPPE. COVID-19 vaccination may induce not only known uveitis but also atypical uveitis, and appropriate treatment is required for each case.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Panuveitis , Retinal Detachment , White Dot Syndromes , Adult , Female , Humans , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Inflammation , Panuveitis/diagnosis , Panuveitis/etiology , Retina
2.
researchsquare; 2023.
Preprint in English | PREPRINT-RESEARCHSQUARE | ID: ppzbmed-10.21203.rs.3.rs-2993663.v1

ABSTRACT

Purpose This study aimed to report a case of Vogt–Koyanagi–Harada (VKH) disease that recurred 46 years after initial treatment; the recurrence occurred 2 months after the third dose of coronavirus disease 2019 vaccination.Case report: A 59-year-old female patient had bilateral blurring for 2 months; she received her third dose of coronavirus disease 2019 vaccine 4 months before the onset of blurring. The best-corrected visual acuity was 1.0 in the right eye and 0.15 he left eye at the initial visit. Iritis and synechia between lens and iris were observed bilaterally. Sunset glow fundus was found in both eyes with no serous retinal detachments or disk hyperemia. She had a history of VKH disease and was treated with whole-body corticosteroid administration at another hospital when she was 13 years old. She was diagnosed with VKH disease recurrence, and oral corticosteroid intake and corticosteroid eyedrop treatments were initiated. The treatment response was good, but left synechia remained between the lens and iris in the left eye. Recurrence was not observed for 10 months until this study, and her best-corrected visual acuity was 1.0 in both eyes.Conclusion To our knowledge, this case represents the longest recorded interval of VKH disease recurrence in the literature.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Uveomeningoencephalitic Syndrome , Hyperemia , Retinal Detachment , Iritis
3.
researchsquare; 2023.
Preprint in English | PREPRINT-RESEARCHSQUARE | ID: ppzbmed-10.21203.rs.3.rs-2938703.v1

ABSTRACT

Migrasomes are newly discovered extracellular vesicles that can mediate communication between cells. These unique vesicles form exclusively at the rear of migrating cells with the help of a protein called TSPAN4. After they’re left behind, the migrasomes and their contents can be captured by nearby cells and affect the recipient cells’ behavior. They can also serve as “breadcrumb trails” that mark the paths of their migrating parent cells. Migrasomes participate in both health and disease. For example, they can dispose of damaged mitochondria to maintain healthy cells and they help establish left–right patterning in zebrafish embryos by releasing the protein CXCL12 to recruit dorsal forerunner cells (DFCs). However, migrasomes can also deliver molecules that promote tumor growth and metastasis and migrasomes released from platelets promote blood clotting after SARS-CoV-2 infection. Furthermore, migrasomes can facilitate an eye condition called proliferative vitreoretinopathy that leads to retinal detachment and blindness. Better characterization of the contents and roles of migrasomes will help us understand these newly identified vesicles and reveal how they can be leveraged to diagnose and treat diseases.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Neoplasm Metastasis , Blindness , Neoplasms , Retinal Detachment , Vitreoretinopathy, Proliferative
4.
BMJ Case Rep ; 16(4)2023 Apr 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2304125

ABSTRACT

A man in his early 20s presented with acute loss of vision in his only eye, the left eye (OS), and was on oral steroids. He had lost vision in his right eye during his childhood and the cause was unknown. There was no history of trauma. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) in OS was 20/100 and in the right eye was hand movements. OS showed non-granulomatous keratic precipitates on the cornea, anterior chamber flare 1+ and cell 1+, early cataract, vitreous haze and cells 2+ with nasal retinal detachment and superior full thickness retinitis. He underwent pars plana vitrectomy with intravitreal ganciclovir and barrage laser away from the necrotic retina. PCR for herpes simplex virus 2 was positive from the aqueous and vitreous sample. He was started on oral valacyclovir 1 g three times a day and continued on tapering dose of oral steroids. BCVA in OS at 6-month follow-up was 20/25.


Subject(s)
Retinal Detachment , Retinal Necrosis Syndrome, Acute , Male , Humans , Child , Herpesvirus 2, Human , Follow-Up Studies , Retinal Detachment/etiology , Retinal Detachment/surgery , Retina , Vitrectomy
5.
Jpn J Ophthalmol ; 67(3): 255-263, 2023 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2254854

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the impact of the local alert levels regarding coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on the clinical patterns of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) in Japan. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, single-center, consecutive case series. METHODS: We compared two groups of RRD patients, a COVID-19 pandemic group and a control group. Based on the local alert levels in Nagano, five periods during the COVID-19 pandemic were further analyzed: epidemic 1 (state of emergency), inter-epidemic 1, epidemic 2 (second epidemic duration), inter-epidemic 2, and epidemic 3 (third epidemic duration). Patients' characteristics, including symptoms' duration before visiting our hospital, macula status, and retinal detachment (RD) recurrence rate in each period, were compared with those in a control group. RESULTS: There were 78 patients in the pandemic group and 208 in the control group. The pandemic group had a longer duration of symptoms than the control group (12.0 ± 13.5 days vs. 8.9 ± 14.7 days, P = 0.0045). During the epidemic 1 period, patients had a higher rate of macula-off RRD (71.4% vs. 48.6%) and RD recurrence (28.6% vs. 4.8%) than the control group. This period also demonstrated the highest rates compared to all other periods in the pandemic group. CONCLUSION: During the COVID-19 pandemic, RRD patients significantly delayed visiting a surgical facility. They showed a higher rate of macula-off and recurrence compared to the control group during the state of emergency than during other periods of the COVID-19 pandemic, although the difference was not statistically significant due to the small sample size.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Retinal Detachment , Humans , Retinal Detachment/diagnosis , Retinal Detachment/epidemiology , Retinal Detachment/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Pandemics , Follow-Up Studies , Vitrectomy , Visual Acuity , COVID-19/epidemiology
6.
researchsquare; 2023.
Preprint in English | PREPRINT-RESEARCHSQUARE | ID: ppzbmed-10.21203.rs.3.rs-2682907.v1

ABSTRACT

Background: To describe a case of bilateral transient myopia with shallow anterior chamber, ciliochoroidal detachment and uveitis in both eyes induced by indapamide intake following SARS-CoV-2 infection. Case presentation: A 37-year-old man with COVID-19 was referred to our department for bilateral visual blurring. He had been treated with ibuprofen for fever and indapamide to treat the uncontrolled blood pressure. After indapamide intake for four days, he started complaining of bilateral visual blurring. On ocular examination, the uncorrected visual acuity was 20/400 OD and 20/400 OS. Slit-lamp examination revealed shallow anterior chamber. In the patient’s subsequent visit on the next day, he complained of pain and redness in both eyes from the previous night. On ocular examination, the IOP decreased significantly compared to the previous day, 11 mmHg and 12 mmHg in OD and OS respectively. Slit-lamp examination revealed conjunctival injection and inflammatory cells (2+) in the shallow anterior chamber of both eyes. Ultrasound biomicroscopy revealed ciliary body detachment, and B-scan ultrasound showed peripheral shallow choroidal detachment in both eyes. Stopping the indapamide and treatment with oral prednisolone, topical tobramycin dexamethasone and tropicamide phenylephrine eye drops resulted in rapid recovery of the signs and symptoms after 3 days. Conclusions: Indapamide intake can induce bilateral shallow anterior chamber, ciliochoroidal detachment in both eyes, and the preexisting hyperinflammation induced by COVID-19 might increase the susceptibility; drug usage and SARS-CoV-2 infection might commonly contribute to the uveitis. Timely diagnosis and treatment can result in good prognosis.


Subject(s)
Pain , COVID-19 , Myopia , Retinal Detachment , Fever , Vision Disorders , Uveitis , Papilloma, Choroid Plexus
7.
Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina ; 54(1): 15-23, 2023 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2245442

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: To identify vitreoretinal practice patterns in the months following the initial 2020 national shutdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States (US). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of vitreoretinal practice patterns from multiple retinal centers across the US from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2020. RESULTS: The lowest utilization of retina care occurred during the week of March 23, 2020, after which utilization returned to pre-pandemic levels by July 2020. Patients with retinal detachments (RDs) presented with worse visual acuity during March, April, and May 2020 compared to the same time periods of 2018 and 2019 (P values < 0.05). However, only comparing eyes that presented in March 2018 to March 2020, was the year 1 vision significantly worse (P = 0.008). CONCLUSION: The COVID-19 pandemic significantly impacted vitreoretinal care. The vision of patients with RDs may not have been affected by the delayed presentation. [Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina 2023;54:15-23.].


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Retinal Detachment , Humans , United States/epidemiology , Pandemics , Retrospective Studies , COVID-19/epidemiology , Vitrectomy , Retinal Detachment/epidemiology , Retinal Detachment/surgery
8.
Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina ; 54(2): 78-83, 2023 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2243560

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact on trends in clinical presentation of acute, primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachments (RRD) from early to late phases of the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: This study was a single-center, consecutive case series of 1,727 patients treated after vaccine availability ("late"; 3/29/21 to 9/26/21), corresponding time frame in previous year of pandemic ("early"; 3/30/20 to 9/27/20), and prior to pandemic ("pre"; 4/1/19 to 9/29/19). Primary outcome was proportion of patients presenting with macula-off RRD. Secondary outcomes included best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and primary proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR). RESULTS: While macula-off RRD rates were significantly (P < 0.0001) elevated in early and late cohorts compared to the pre cohort, only the early cohort showed a significant (P < 0.0001) increase in both primary PVR presentation and complex RRD repair. Patients lost to follow-up in early cohort were significantly (P < 0.0001) higher than others. Early cohort showed significantly (P < 0.0001) worse final BCVA compared to others. CONCLUSION: Patients in late pandemic were less likely to exhibit clinical features of worse RRD disease and have improved visual outcomes compared to those in early pandemic. [Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina 2023;54:78-83.].


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Retinal Detachment , Vitreoretinopathy, Proliferative , Humans , Retinal Detachment/diagnosis , Retinal Detachment/epidemiology , Retinal Detachment/surgery , Pandemics , Treatment Outcome , Visual Acuity , COVID-19/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Vitrectomy/methods
9.
researchsquare; 2022.
Preprint in English | PREPRINT-RESEARCHSQUARE | ID: ppzbmed-10.21203.rs.3.rs-2289044.v1

ABSTRACT

Background Vaccination against the worldwide pandemic coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is underway; however, some cases of newly onset uveitis after vaccination have been reported. We report a case of bilateral acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy-like (AMPPE-like) panuveitis after COVID-19 vaccination in which the patient’s pathological condition was evaluated using multimodal imaging. Case presentation A 31-year-old woman experienced bilateral hyperemia and blurred vision starting 6 days after her second inoculation of the COVID-19 vaccination. At her first visit, her visual acuity was decreased bilaterally, and severe bilateral anterior chamber inflammation and bilateral scattering of cream-white placoid lesions on the fundus were detected. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) showed serous retinal detachment (SRD) and choroidal thickening in both eyes (OU). Fluorescein angiography (FA) revealed hypofluorescence in the early phase and hyperfluorescence in the late phase corresponding to the placoid legions. Indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) showed sharply marginated hypofluorescent dots of various sizes throughout the mid-venous and late phases OU. The patient was diagnosed with APMPPE and was observed without any medications. Three days later, her SRD disappeared spontaneously. However, her anterior chamber inflammation continued, and oral prednisolone (PSL) was given to her. Seven days after the patient’s first visit, the hyperfluorescent lesions on FA and hypofluorescent dots on ICGA partially improved; however, the patient’s best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) dropped to 0.7 OD and 0.6 OS, and the impairment of the outer retinal layer was broadly detected as hyperautofluorescent lesions on fundus autofluorescence (FAF) examination and as irregularity in or disappearance of the ellipsoid and interdigitation zones on OCT, which were quite atypical for the findings of APMPPE. Steroid pulse therapy was performed. Five days later, the hyperfluorescence on FAF had disappeared, and the outer retinal layer improved on OCT. Moreover, the patient’s BCVA recovered to 1.0 OU. Twelve months after the end of treatment, the patient did not show any recurrences. Conclusions We observed a case of APMPPE-like panuveitis after COVID-19 vaccination featuring some atypical findings for APMPPE. COVID-19 vaccination may induce not only known uveitis but also atypical uveitis, and appropriate treatment is required for each case.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Hyperemia , Panuveitis , Coronavirus Infections , Retinitis , Retinal Detachment , Kidney Diseases , Pigmentation Disorders , Vision Disorders , Uveitis , Inflammation
11.
Am J Ophthalmol ; 242: 7-17, 2022 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1850565

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Evaluate factors associated with coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine hesitancy and clinical trends in primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachments (RRDs) during the first year of vaccine availability. DESIGN: Single-center, clinical cohort study. METHODS: Consecutive patients from December 14, 2020, to December 12, 2021, presenting vaccinated (Prior-), subsequently vaccinated (Later-), or remaining unvaccinated (Never-Vax). Primary outcome was proportion with macula-off (mac-off) RRD. Secondary outcomes included logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), primary proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR), proportion lost to follow-up, and distance traveled. RESULTS: 1047 patients were divided into 391 Prior-, 252 Later-, and 404 Never-Vax cohorts. Significantly greater proportions of Later- and Never-Vax cohorts presented with mac-off RRDs (Prior-Vax = 44.5%; Later-Vax = 54%, P < .0001; Never-Vax = 57.9%, P < .0001) and primary PVR (Prior-Vax = 4.3%; Later-Vax = 13.6%, P < .0001; Never-Vax = 17.1%, P < .0001) compared to Prior-Vax cohort. Significantly greater proportion of Never-Vax cohort (7.7%, P < .0001) were lost to follow-up compared to Prior- (2.3%) and Later-Vax (2.2%) cohorts. Never-Vax cohort (median = 35 miles) traveled farther compared to Prior- (median = 22.3 miles; P < .0001) and Later-Vax cohorts (25.45 miles; P = .0038). Prior-Vax cohort had significantly better (P < .05) initial (median = 0.30 logMAR) and final (0.18 logMAR) BCVA compared to Later- (Initial: 0.54 logMAR; Final: 0.30 logMAR) and Never-Vax (Initial: 0.70 logMAR; Final: 0.40 logMAR) cohorts. CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy is associated with worse clinical presentation and outcomes for primary RRD.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Retinal Detachment , Vitreoretinopathy, Proliferative , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines , Cohort Studies , Humans , Retinal Detachment/diagnosis , Retinal Detachment/etiology , Retinal Detachment/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Vaccination Hesitancy , Visual Acuity , Vitrectomy
12.
authorea preprints; 2022.
Preprint in English | PREPRINT-AUTHOREA PREPRINTS | ID: ppzbmed-10.22541.au.165414423.36125068.v1

ABSTRACT

This study reports a patient developing TEN after the first dose of (BBIBP-CorV). He developed numerous purpuric and dusky patches with flaccid bullae and areas of epidermal detachment covered more than 30% of the body area within 6 days. After treatment with dexamethasone and cyclosporin, he recovered within 14 days.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Retinal Detachment
13.
Ocul Immunol Inflamm ; 30(5): 1250-1254, 2022 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1784140

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To report a case of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease following mRNA-1273 (Moderna) COVID-19 vaccination. METHODS: Retrospective case report. RESULTS: A 50-year-old Korean woman developed bilateral serous retinal detachment 35 days after the first dose of COVID-19 mRNA vaccination (mRNA-1273, Moderna). She experienced adverse effects such as erythema and pain at the injection site, headache, myalgia, and allergy symptoms prior to ocular manifestation. She was diagnosed with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease. After treatment with oral prednisolone, the serous retinal detachment resolved and vision improved. CONCLUSION: COVID-19 vaccination might be associated with VKH disease development, and the ingredients of the mRNA vaccine or viral peptide encoded by mRNA may have activated the immunological process and induced VKH disease.


Subject(s)
2019-nCoV Vaccine mRNA-1273 , COVID-19 , Retinal Detachment , Uveomeningoencephalitic Syndrome , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , 2019-nCoV Vaccine mRNA-1273/adverse effects , COVID-19/prevention & control , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Retinal Detachment/chemically induced , Retinal Detachment/diagnosis , Retinal Detachment/diet therapy , Retrospective Studies , Uveomeningoencephalitic Syndrome/diagnosis , Uveomeningoencephalitic Syndrome/drug therapy , Uveomeningoencephalitic Syndrome/etiology , Vaccination/adverse effects
14.
Ophthalmol Retina ; 6(7): 638-641, 2022 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1751161

ABSTRACT

In this retrospective, multicenter study of 261 eyes (259 patients), patients who underwent rhegmatogenous retinal detachment repair during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) post-lockdown period experienced an additional 22-day delay, leading to significantly more epiretinal membrane and proliferative vitreoretinopathy and lower single-surgery anatomic success rates. During lockdown, perfluoropropane gas was used more commonly, and pneumatic retinopexy was used more commonly in COVID-19-positive patients.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Retinal Detachment , COVID-19/epidemiology , Communicable Disease Control , Humans , Retinal Detachment/diagnosis , Retinal Detachment/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Visual Acuity
16.
Eur J Ophthalmol ; 32(6): 3644-3649, 2022 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1691090

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To assess the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic and subsequent lockdown on the number and clinical characteristics of patients with retinal detachment (RD) in a French public university eye hospital. METHODS: Single-center, retrospective non-interventional study. Patients consulting at the emergency room (ER) of Quinze-Vingts Hospital (France) for rhegmatogenous RD before and after instauration of the lockdown were reviewed. We compared the characteristics of patients with RD between the containment period (March17th - April27th,2020) and the period preceding the lockdown (February18th - March16th,2020). We compared the number of RD surgeries performed between the first month of lockdown (March17th - April19th,2020) and the corresponding period of 2019. Number of cases, delay between diagnosis and surgery, visual acuity was measured. RESULTS: During the first month of lockdown, 59 RDs were operated on, compared to 107 in the corresponding period in 2019 (-44,8%). Mean time from first symptoms to surgery was significantly higher during the lockdown 12.7 (11.3) days vs 7.6 (7.8) days (p = 0.031) before. During the lockdown, the mean BCVA was lower albeit the difference did not reach statistical significance (1.16 (0.9) during pre-containment vs 1.5 (0.9) during containment; p = 0.09). Reasonsfor delayed consultation were: fear of Covid-19 (31%; p = 0.0001), absence of referral doctor (31%; p = 0.003) and difficulties in getting to public transport (10.3%;p = 0.859). CONCLUSION: Despite maintaining accessto emergency eye care facilitiesin our hospital, the lockdown affected visual health. Should the lockdown be reinstated, we postulate that a better information about eye care access for non-Covid emergencies may attenuate its effect on visual health.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Retinal Detachment , COVID-19/epidemiology , Communicable Disease Control , Humans , Incidence , Pandemics , Retinal Detachment/epidemiology , Retinal Detachment/etiology , Retinal Detachment/surgery , Retrospective Studies
18.
J Fr Ophtalmol ; 45(4): 446-451, 2022 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1611835

ABSTRACT

Although ocular toxoplasmosis is usually a self-limiting infection, it can lead to severe reduction in visual acuity due to intense vitreous inflammation or involvement of posterior segment structures. Depending on the severity of intraocular inflammation, serious complications, including epiretinal membrane or retinal detachment may develop. In this paper, we aim to present a case that complicated by both a full-thickness macular hole and retinal detachment secondary to toxoplasmosis chorioretinitis that developed shortly after the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and discuss our treatment approach. After the patient was diagnosed based on a routine ophthalmological examination, fundus imaging, and serological examination, functional and anatomical recovery was achieved through systemic antibiotherapy and vitreoretinal surgery. Full-thickness macular hole and retinal detachment are rare complications of ocular toxoplasmosis. However, there are only few publications in the literature concerning these complications and their surgical treatment. In this case report, we demonstrated the success of vitreoretinal surgery combined with antibiotic therapy on the posterior segment complications of ocular toxoplasmosis.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Chorioretinitis , Retinal Detachment , Retinal Perforations , Toxoplasma , Toxoplasmosis, Ocular , COVID-19/complications , Chorioretinitis/complications , Chorioretinitis/diagnosis , Humans , Inflammation/complications , Retinal Detachment/diagnosis , Retinal Detachment/etiology , Retinal Detachment/surgery , Retinal Perforations/diagnosis , Retinal Perforations/etiology , Retinal Perforations/surgery , Tomography, Optical Coherence/adverse effects , Toxoplasmosis, Ocular/complications , Toxoplasmosis, Ocular/diagnosis , Vitrectomy/methods
19.
PLoS One ; 16(12): e0261779, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1594098

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is disturbing and overwhelming a regular medical care in the world. We evaluated the clinical characteristics of patients with primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) during the state of emergency for COVID-19 pandemic in Japan. We also reviewed measures against the COVID-19 pandemic in our institute with a focus on RRD treatment. Retrospectively, patients who underwent initial RRD surgery during the state of emergency between April 7, 2020 and May 25, 2020 were included. For comparison, we recruited patients who underwent surgery for initial RRD during the same period in the last 2 years (2018 and 2019). Data related to the number of surgeries, age, gender, macular detachment, proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR), preoperative visual acuity, surgical techniques, the time between the onset and hospitalization and/or surgery of the 2020 cohort were analyzed and compared with those of the 2018 and 2019 cohorts. Furthermore, we reviewed measures taken against COVID-19 in our institute. The number of RRD patients during the state of emergency tended to be lower than that within the last 2 years. Relatively lesser female (vs. male) patients were observed in the 2020 cohort than in the last 2 years (P = 0.084). In contrast, among all cohorts, no significant differences were observed in the incidence of macula-off and PVR, preoperative visual acuity, and the time period between symptom onset and hospitalization and/or surgery. This is the first report to show the clinical patterns of RRD during COVID-19 pandemic in Japan. Despite the state of emergency for the COVID-19 pandemic, no delay in the patient's initial visit to the hospital and surgery was observed. Further studies, including multicenter researches, are important for investigating the influence of COVID-19 on urgent ocular diseases.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Pandemics , Retinal Detachment/epidemiology , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Tokyo/epidemiology
20.
Adv Ther ; 39(4): 1568-1581, 2022 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1530424

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: To explore the impact of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on the stability of patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) receiving the treat and extend (T&E) or the pro re nata (PRN) treatment regimen and to identify indicators that may predict the disease stability of nAMD. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of patients with nAMD treated at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University whose treatment schedule was interrupted at least once between 1 February and 31 May 2020. The demographic and clinical characteristics, including the best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), optical coherence tomography (OCT) features, subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT), interval between the last injection and the beginning of the pandemic, and the number of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) injections, were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 209 stable patients with nAMD (122 eyes received the T&E regimen; 87 eyes received the PRN regimen) were identified. Compared to those who received the PRN regimen, the patients who received the T&E regimen were more stable during the first visit after COVID-19 (53.3% vs. 33.3%, P = 0.004), the BCVA was significantly better (58.5 letters vs. 56 letters, P = 0.006), and the CRT fluctuated only slightly (15 µm vs. 35 µm, P = 0.001). Furthermore, a multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that stable patients with nAMD with type 1 choroidal neovascularization (CNV) (OR 2.493 [95% CI 1.179-5.272], compared with type 2 CNV; P = 0.017; OR 2.912 [95% CI 1.133-7.485], compared with retinal angiomatous proliferation; P = 0.026) or with pigment epithelial detachment (PED) were more likely to remain stable when treatment was interrupted (OR 0.392 [95% CI 0.181-0.852], compared with no PED; P = 0.018). CONCLUSION: Compared to patients who received the PRN treatment regimen, stable patients with nAMD who received the T&E treatment regimen could better maintain stability when the treatments were suddenly interrupted by the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, patients with type 1 CNV or patients with PED were more likely to remain stable. At present, the COVID-19 pandemic is becoming increasingly normalized, and the T&E regimen can become a more advanced treatment option for patients undergoing therapy.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Choroidal Neovascularization , Macular Degeneration , Retinal Detachment , Wet Macular Degeneration , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Choroidal Neovascularization/drug therapy , Humans , Intravitreal Injections , Macular Degeneration/complications , Macular Degeneration/drug therapy , Pandemics , Ranibizumab/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Treatment Outcome , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/therapeutic use , Visual Acuity , Wet Macular Degeneration/complications , Wet Macular Degeneration/drug therapy
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