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1.
Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis ; 22(4): 267-270, 2022 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1840032

ABSTRACT

Limited data are available regarding severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) seroprevalence in children. In this study, we assessed for the first time the seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 in children from Romania. Serum samples of 379 children were investigated for the presence of SARS-CoV-2 total antibodies. Serologic tests were performed using Elecsys Anti-SARS-CoV-2 electrochemiluminiscence immunoassay that targets the nucleocapsid protein of the virus. The overall seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 total antibodies was 46.70%. No significant difference was observed between seropositive and seronegative children according to age groups, gender, and area of residence. Our findings revealed a high SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence in Romanian children at the end of the third COVID-19 pandemic wave. Results suggest that children, regardless of age, gender, or area of residence, are susceptible to infection with SARS-CoV-2. Seroprevalence in children was similar to the seroprevalence reported in the adult population from Western Romania during the same period of time, March to June 2021.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Animals , Antibodies, Viral , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/veterinary , Humans , Pandemics , Romania/epidemiology , Seroepidemiologic Studies
2.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(9)2022 May 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1820265

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate the correlations between burnout, coping strategies, and quality of life among young oncology healthcare workers in Romania during the COVID-19 pandemic. We collected the data using an online questionnaire consisting of sociodemographic questions, the Maslach Burnout Inventory, the COPE questionnaire, and the 15D instrument. A total of 122 healthcare providers responded to our survey. We evaluated the differences in the scores among the three groups of healthcare workers in oncology under 40 years old: medical oncologists (n = 87), radiation oncologists (n = 11), and oncology nurses (n = 24). Finally, we conducted a correlation analysis between the dimensions of burnout, coping, and quality of life. Overall, the medical oncologists exhibited much higher burnout levels than nurses in the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak, having statistically significant higher levels of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and lack of personal achievement. Some factors were inversely associated with burnout: active approach, planning, positive interpretation and growth, and acceptance. Our findings illustrated a very good level of health-related quality of life (average = 0.93, SD = 0.06), and no statistically significant differences were found in the quality of life between the three groups. This study was the first to identify the profile of young oncology providers in Romania. Our findings may be relevant in creating preventive strategies for burnout and increasing the quality of life in Romanian young oncology providers in future crises.


Subject(s)
Burnout, Professional , COVID-19 , Adaptation, Psychological , Adult , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , Burnout, Professional/psychology , Burnout, Psychological , COVID-19/epidemiology , Humans , Pandemics , Quality of Life , Romania/epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires
3.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(9)2022 Apr 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1820254

ABSTRACT

The primary aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence of burnout in Romanian medical students during the COVID-19 pandemic using the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey for Students (MBI-GS(S)). The presence of burnout was assessed based on Exhaustion (EX), Cynicism (CY) and Professional Efficacy (PE) subscales. The secondary aim of the study was to identify the presence of intentional shift in medical specialty compared to their initial pursued choice within the population investigated. Data was collected online at the end of 2020 and beginning of 2021 through a licensed, customized MBI-GS(S) questionnaire from a sample of 126 Romanian medical students at the two leading medical schools in the country, Iasi (N = 56) and Cluj Napoca (N = 70). Descriptive statistics and bivariate correlations were also applied to describe the data set (age and gender of participants) and the relationship between variables (EX, CY, PE). Subsequently, the MBI-GS(S) group report revealed that 36.5% of the medical students in the sample (46) experienced burnout, with problematic results both in Exhaustion and Cynicism. Exhaustion and Cynicism, which contribute to burnout, showed high scores compared to the average scale (EX = 3.5/2.4; CY = 2.8/1.8), while the Professional Efficacy score was relatively high (PE = 3.8/4.4), showing a protective effect and burnout reduction. One of the main conclusions is that the consequences of burnout in medical students plays a significant role in shaping the future healthcare practitioners' perception of the medical profession and of patients' wellbeing. Exhaustion and Cynicism are mainly associated with depersonalization and disconnection from the patient. Another conclusion of the study is that about one third of the respondents (30% Cluj students and 37.5% Iasi students) considered changing residency options. The pandemic has also revealed the limitations of and challenges facing current medical education, and that further research is required to assess the trends in prevalence of burnout in medical students.


Subject(s)
Burnout, Professional , COVID-19 , Education, Medical , Internship and Residency , Students, Medical , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , Burnout, Psychological/epidemiology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Communicable Disease Control , Humans , Pandemics , Romania/epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires
4.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(8)2022 04 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1785693

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic and the lock-down have highlighted the growing awareness of the need to involve the population in solving problems that directly affect the existence and trajectory of the life of the individual and civil society in the local, national, and regional context. The article aims both to analyze the reaction of formal and informal civil society in a context of major crisis and to analyze how the population perceives the involvement of civil society at the level of a county in Romania and its county seat city. The present sociological diagnosis used data that were collected through an online survey at the beginning of May 2020 among the population of Suceava County. It was sought to identify how the reaction of civil society was perceived and how it was mobilized, as well as how the mass media contributed to reducing the effects of the pandemic. After the elimination phase of non-compliant responses, the volume of the sample included a total of 1231 people. The results of the study indicate that this pandemic context, which manifested as a major crisis, also had positive effects in the sense of mobilizing latent but extensive energies at the local level, whose manifestation contributed to diminishing and limiting the effects of the sanitary crisis the county faced. The media, as a component of civil society, has managed to mobilize important segments of the population, both in quarantined localities and in other localities in Suceava County and Moldova. The COVID-19 crisis tested the social cohesion and resilience of communities and offered perhaps one of the most remarkable lessons of solidarity in the post-December period, both locally and nationally. Although the perception of Romanians on the role of civil society would rather be part of a culture of individualism, in extreme situations it was found that its activity has never been more important.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , COVID-19/epidemiology , Communicable Disease Control , Humans , Pandemics , Romania/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2
5.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(8)2022 04 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1785678

ABSTRACT

The aims of this study were to identify the challenges in periodontology postgraduate residency programs during the COVID-19 pandemic by identifying the modifications of educational instruments, to evaluate the impact of hybrid education on periodontology postgraduate programs in terms of resident-centred outcomes, and to evaluate the education efficiency of an innovative teaching approach. Resident doctors from three Romanian dental faculties were included in study groups based on the intensity of clinical training. A web-based questionnaire was used to collect information on residents' perception about teaching activity. Important educational changes were identified. Moreover, residents learned a periodontal procedure through online training and then performed it on preclinical models three times. The working times were recorded. Statistical analysis was performed. Resident doctors were unsatisfied with clinical practice during the pandemic year, but they positively valued the development of online courses. Learning efficiency improved by repeating the same procedure on preclinical models, as proved by the significant decrease of the working times. E-learning was appreciated as an important component of the new hybrid teaching approach. Reorganization and further emphasis on both preclinical and medical practice, targeted to aid residents perform more accurate and efficient procedures, are recommended.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Internship and Residency , COVID-19/epidemiology , Humans , Learning , Pandemics , Romania , Teaching
6.
Chirurgia (Bucur) ; 117(1): 45-54, 2022 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1743108

ABSTRACT

Background: The novel coronavirus, SARS-COV-2, was first reported in Wuhan, China in the end of 2019. To curb its spread, social distancing measures and new safety regulations were implemented which led to major disruptions in colorectal cancer care. It is however unknown how it influenced the Romanian colorectal cancer care. Methods and Material: We assessed the demographical, clinical, intraoperative and pathological data of our colorectal cancer patients, 302 in total, between 15.03.2019-14.03.2021. The first year's data was considered as the control group and the second one, the study (pandemic) group. Results: We observed a 12% decrease in colorectal cancer hospitalizations in the first year, 38,6% in the first six months. The rate of emergency admissions, colo/ileostomy formatting procedures, palliative resections, clinical metastasis was higher in the pandemic group. More advanced locoregional invasion, a higher tumor stage, higher rate of vascular, perineural invasion, positive resection margin, and a higher lymph node yield was seen after the restrictions were implemented. Conclusion: The COVID-19 pandemic and the response against it had a major effect on the colorectal cancer care in our country. The outcomes of these worse clinical and pathological findings are unknown, but it is important to do further research in this field. We think colorectal cancer care should have an absolute priority in future pandemics.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Colorectal Neoplasms , COVID-19/epidemiology , Colorectal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Humans , Lymphatic Metastasis , Pandemics , Retrospective Studies , Romania/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2 , Treatment Outcome
7.
Nutrients ; 14(6)2022 Mar 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1742567

ABSTRACT

The study aimed to evaluate lifestyle factors among Information Technology (IT) workers from Romania before and during the pandemic. We used an online applied questionnaire, filled in by 1638 respondents, that assessed nutrition status-Body Mass Index (BMI), weight and diet change, physical activity, alcohol consumption, number of hours working in front of the computer, stress, and sleep. Multivariate logistic regression was used to establish the lifestyle factors that lead to weight gain. Although the level of physical activity (PA) was low before the pandemic, the results of our study showed a further decrease in physical activity. In total, 61.1% of men and 71.1% of women performed PA for less than 30 min per day. Weight gain was reported in 50.5% of men and 45.3% of women (mean weight gain was 5.11 ± 3.52 kg) as a result of increased screen time (with a mean of 3.52 ± 4.29 for females and 3.05 ± 2.09 for males, p > 0.05 h per day) and the reported changes in diet. Despite the popularity of home-cooked foods, the intake of vegetables and fruit remained low. The quality of sleep was poor for 55.7% of the respondents. Public health and corporation policies are required to encourage a healthy lifestyle and avoid chronic diseases.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Female , Humans , Information Technology , Life Style , Male , Nutritional Status , Romania/epidemiology
8.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(6)2022 03 14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1742454

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has created important changes in all areas, highlighting many vulnerabilities, but also opportunities based on the use of technology. This paper aims to provide an overview of the online educational process from two perspectives-that of students and that of professors from Romanian universities. Data were collected from 844 students from Romanian universities disregarding the area of study. To achieve the main goal of this paper, both qualitative (in-depth interviews) and quantitative methods (surveys) were used, the data being processed using the SPSS Statistical software. The results of this paper highlight the discrepancy between the perspectives of the two parties directly involved in the university educational process. The study shows that the pandemic forced both stakeholders to work harder than before, which negatively affected the way the educational process unfolded, the pleasure of the teaching/learning process, the level of enthusiasm, and sometimes even the academic results. The final conclusions of this paper also highlight the need to make financial investments for the acquisition of licenses to create virtual animations or simulations, as well as for training teachers in their use. Research also indicates that to maintain students' attention in class, especially online, teachers should use new teaching strategies, such as the use of debates and brainstorming sessions.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , COVID-19/epidemiology , Humans , Pandemics , Romania/epidemiology , Students , Universities
9.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(5)2022 02 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1736897

ABSTRACT

The impact of globalization on beekeeping brings new economic, scientific, ecological and social dimensions to this field The present study aimed to evaluate the chemical compositions of eight propolis extracts from Romania, and their antioxidant action and antimicrobial activity against seven species of bacteria, including pathogenic ones: Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus, Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium. The phenolic compounds, flavonoids and antioxidant activity of propolis extracts were quantified; the presence of flavones and aromatic acids was determined. Quercetin and rutin were identified by HPLC analysis and characterized using molecular descriptors. All propolis samples exhibited antibacterial effects, especially against P. aeruginosa and L. monocytogenes. A two-way analysis of variance was used to evaluate correlations among the diameters of the inhibition zones, the bacteria used and propolis extracts used. Statistical analysis demonstrated that the diameter of the inhibition zone was influenced by the strain type, but no association between the propolis origin and the microbial activity was found.


Subject(s)
Propolis , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Antioxidants/chemistry , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Bacillus cereus , Escherichia coli , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Propolis/pharmacology , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Romania
10.
In Vivo ; 36(2): 934-941, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1732569

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIM: This study aimed to assess the impact of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic on cancer patients, known to be immune-compromised due to the disease itself, oncological treatments and adjuvant medicines use such as steroids. Overall survival was determined for patients with COVID-19 infection and stratification according to known comorbidities and complications was performed. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective study included ninety cancer patients with COVID-19 confirmed by PCR testing performed before each cycle of chemotherapy or every two weeks during radiotherapy between May and December 2020 in two tertiary Cancer Centers. Demographic, cancer-related and SARS-CoV-2 infection data were collected and long-term oncologic outcome was assessed. RESULTS: Mean age of cancer patients diagnosed with SARS-CoV-2 was 59.7±12.1 years (range=30-83 years). Fifty-two (57.7%) were women. The most frequent cancer localization was breast (n=28, 31.1%) followed by colorectal (n=11, 12.2%) and lung cancer (n=8, 8.8%). Most patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 were diagnosed in stage IV of the disease (n=44, 48.9%) followed by stage III (n=19, 21.1%) and stage II disease (18.9%). Regarding comorbidities, the most common was hypertension (n=31) followed by cardiac dysfunction (n=23) and type II diabetes (n=13). Of 27 (30%) patients who needed hospitalization, 4 patients developed severe infection, 17 patients had mild symptoms and 6 patients were minimally symptomatic. After a median follow-up of 22.5 months, 5 patients (5.55%) died due to SARS-COV-2 infection, all stages III and IV. Median estimated overall survival was 14 months in patients who died because of COVID infection compared to 98 months in cancer-related mortality analysis (p<0.0001). Three deaths occurred during chemotherapy, 1 death in the chemoradiotherapy radiotherapy group. CONCLUSION: SARS-CoV-2 infection was associated with an excess mortality in our study population, especially in patients with advanced and metastatic disease and in those receiving immunosuppressive treatment such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Neoplasms , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Neoplasms/epidemiology , Neoplasms/therapy , Pandemics , Prospective Studies , Romania/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2
11.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 58(3)2022 Mar 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1732120

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives: The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic led to changes in population daily patterns. In order to adapt oral health promotion measures for future similar conditions, the main objective of the study was to assess changes in dental hygiene and eating and smoking habits during the government lockdown in Romania. Materials and Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted immediately after the end of the lockdown and consisted of 800 adult subjects. Data collection was done via an online survey. Participants were divided into two groups: non-medical/dental practitioners (N-M/D group) and medical/dental practitioners (M/D group). Results: An increased use of dental floss from 27% (pre-lockdown) to 30.5% (during lockdown) was identified in the M/D group, while the manual toothbrush usage increased to 64.8% (during lockdown) from 61.7% (pre-lockdown) in the N-MD/group. No significant differences regarding toothbrushing frequency were observed in either group. A change in the number of daily snacks was identified in both groups (3-4 snacks per day: from 11% to 20.2% in the N-M/D group, from 13.1% to 22.2% in the M/D group). The consumption of sweets as a preferred snack was also noticed. A decrease of tobacco consumers was assessed in the lockdown period (from 66.6% to 60.4% in the M/D group, from 68.5% to 61.9% in the N-/M/D group). Conclusions: Oral habits were changed during the pandemic lockdown through the increase in the frequency of the consumption of snacks and sweets and the decrease in frequency of smokers. Only minor changes were observed in oral hygiene.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Adult , COVID-19/epidemiology , Communicable Disease Control , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dentists , Habits , Humans , Oral Hygiene , Pandemics , Professional Role , Romania/epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires
12.
PLoS One ; 17(3): e0264920, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1724865

ABSTRACT

In the light of the current COVID-19 pandemic, being considered a present challenge for public health, the main purpose of this work is to analyze the vulnerability to stress of a sample of nursing students in Romania considering their status on labour market (employed students in the medical system and non-employed students) before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Employed students were more vulnerable to stress comparing to non-employed ones during the pandemic. In addition to this, the nursing students working in the medical system experienced medium vulnerability to stress during the pandemic comparing to those working before the pandemic who experienced a low vulnerability to stress. Excepting the non-employed students before the pandemic, the females were more vulnerable to stress comparing to the males in the sample and the students living in the country experienced a higher level of stress comparing to those living in the urban area. During the pandemic, most of the employed nursing students expressed their fear of getting infected with COVID-19, this representing the most stressful factor for them, while most of them mentioned the self-control as being the most proper strategy for them to cope with stress. These empirical findings have practical implications for stress control among present and future nurses, for management of medical units and for higher education nursing.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Education, Nursing , Mental Health , SARS-CoV-2 , Stress, Psychological , Students, Nursing , Adult , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/psychology , Female , Humans , Male , Pandemics , Romania/epidemiology , Stress, Psychological/epidemiology , Stress, Psychological/psychology
13.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(5)2022 Mar 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1715387

ABSTRACT

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as the fast progression of modern society, occupational stress has recently reached alarming levels with consequences for doctors' psychological well-being. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship among emotional stability, psychological well-being, and life satisfaction of medical doctors. We conducted a cross-sectional study on 280 medical doctors from Romania between February 2021 and September 2021, in the period between the third and fourth pandemic waves, who were evaluated by the DECAS, ASSET, and Satisfaction with Life scales. Our results showed that emotional stability is negatively correlated with psychological well-being (r = -0.526, p < 0.000) and positively correlated with life satisfaction (r = 0.319, p < 0.0001). Between psychological well-being and life satisfaction, we found a negative correlation (r = -0.046, p < 0.001). This study shows that there is a correlation among emotional stability, psychological well-being, and life satisfaction, which is why it can be considered that Romanian doctors have generated coping mechanisms during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Personal Satisfaction , COVID-19/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Pandemics , Romania/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2
14.
BMJ Open ; 12(2): e053954, 2022 Feb 23.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1702891

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: In 2020 in Europe, Romania had the second highest incidence and mortality rates of cervical cancer, after Montenegro. To address cervical cancer in the country, the Romanian government established a national cervical cancer screening programme in 2012. The programme provides free testing as well as free treatment in the event of cervical precancer diagnosis for women 25-64 years old with health insurance who are referred from a programme-registered general practitioner. Participation in screening, retesting and follow-up for detected precancerous lesions is suboptimal, thus reducing the overall effectiveness of the programme. AIM: The overall aim of the study is to examine facilitators and barriers to cervical cancer screening follow-up after an abnormal cervical cancer screening examination among underserved women living in remote areas of Romania. We have the following specific research questions: (1) what are the knowledge, perspectives and experiences of women living in remote areas of Romania with cervical cancer screening and (2) what are the knowledge, perspectives and experiences of women living in remote areas of Romania with follow-up information and services after abnormal cervical cancer screening results. METHOD: We will conduct an exploratory qualitative study using semi-structured interviews. Data analysis will be based on the thematic analysis outlined by Braun and Clarke. We will use QSR International's NVivo V.12 as the qualitative data analysis software for both data management and analysis. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Study findings will inform recommendations for the Romania national policy for the cervical cancer screening programme, with a particular focus on underserved women living in remote areas with limited access to healthcare services. They will also be disseminated to relevant conferences and meetings. Ethics approval was obtained from Romania (Ref. 199/1501.2021 application no. 661/15.01.2021) and Norway (Ref. 12929853).


Subject(s)
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Adult , Early Detection of Cancer , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Mass Screening , Middle Aged , Qualitative Research , Romania/epidemiology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/diagnosis , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/prevention & control
15.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(3)2022 01 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1686720

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to elaborate and validate a scale for the evaluation of the teachers' attitude towards quality management, by integrating elements of online education. Nine hundred and forty-two teachers from Romania have participated in the study. The exploratory factor analysis has led to the identification of three main dimensions of the scale: (1) communication and alignment; (2) needs and opportunities; and (3) training and support. Teachers participating in managing positions or in quality assurance boards indicated a more positive attitude towards the three components. Furthermore, teachers of a higher teaching experience reported higher values in the needs and opportunities component. The results are useful to educational institutions, program designers and policy makers to evaluate the teachers' attitude towards quality management.


Subject(s)
Education, Distance , Educational Personnel , Attitude , Humans , Romania , Schools
17.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 58(2)2022 Feb 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1674728

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives: The COVID-19 pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2 significantly marked people's lives with respect to their behavior, and their physical and mental health. Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study that was conducted in 2021 for a period of 5 months. The study sample included 218 students from the College of Physical Education and Sports of the University of Suceava who filled in a questionnaire on mental, physical and behavioral symptoms caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as the Anxiety Assessment Questionnaire (STAI). Results: The responses indicated increased anxiety, physical symptoms, altered behavior, and increased perception of social restrictions. Regression analyses indicated that the levels of anxiety during the COVID-19 outbreak were strongly correlated with cognitive, physical and behavioral symptoms of the students. These were influenced by the living arrangements, location (urban vs. rural), age group and study year. Conclusions: The results show that first-year students did not exhibit significant physical and cognitive symptoms despite reporting anxiety, probably due to their enthusiasm as beginners. The 3rd year students were prone to anxiety and reported cognitive symptoms, possibly due to the prospects of an uncertain future.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Anxiety/epidemiology , Anxiety/psychology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Depression/psychology , Humans , Mental Health , Pandemics , Romania/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2 , Students/psychology
18.
Nutrients ; 14(3)2022 Jan 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1649315

ABSTRACT

The pandemic caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus has produced significant changes in socio-cultural life, diet, and interpersonal relationships across the world's population. The present study aims to identify changes in lifestyle and diet among the Romanian population one year after the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. An online questionnaire with 58 items (addressing the following aspects: socio-demographic and anthropometric data, current eating habits, and lifestyle changes) was distributed using institutional mailing lists and social media. A total number of 2040 respondents participated in the study, of whom 1464 were women, and 576 men. Among the respondents, 1598 came from urban areas and 442 from rural areas. The processing of the collected data showed significant changes in the behavior of the respondents caused by the pandemic situation with psycho-affective changes in some cases. The number of people who had anxiety, depression and nervousness increased by up to 20%. The majority of respondents (over 57%) were up to 30 years old, either students (43.50%) or employees going to workplaces (33.20%). Analyzing eating habits, we found that diet modification was needed to increase the daily consumption of fruits, vegetables, fish, and seafood. Regarding weight status during the pandemic, we noticed that 34.7% of normal-weight respondents said that they gained weight while 49.7% of overweight people and 52.5% of obese people said that they gained weight (p < 0.0001). Regarding psycho-emotional behavior, 11.81% of the surveyed women stated that they frequently had depressive states during the pandemic period and 11.63% of the men stated that they frequently presented depressive states during the pandemic (p = 0.005).


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Animals , COVID-19/epidemiology , Feeding Behavior , Female , Humans , Life Style , Romania/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2
20.
Front Public Health ; 9: 768091, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1604464

ABSTRACT

The success of public health interventions is highly dependent on the compliance of the general population. State authorities often implement policies without consulting representatives of faith-based communities, thereby overlooking potential implications of public health measures for these parts of society. Although ubiquitous, these challenges are more readily observable in highly religious states. Romania serves as an illustrative example for this, as recent data identify it as the most religious country in Europe. In this paper, we discuss the contributions of the Romanian Orthodox Church (ROC), the major religious institution in the country, to the national COVID-19 mitigation efforts. We present not only the positive outcomes of productive consultations between public health authorities and religious institutions but also the detrimental impact of unidirectional communication. Our work highlights that an efficient dialogue with faith-based communities can greatly enhance the results of public health interventions. As the outlined principles apply to a variety of contexts, the lessons learned from this case study can be generalized into a set of policy recommendations for the betterment of future public health initiatives worldwide.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , Pandemics , Public Health , Romania , SARS-CoV-2
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