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Asia Pac J Public Health ; 34(8): 799-803, 2022 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2038551


This study aimed to compare the clinical outcomes and program satisfaction of diabetes self-management education and support (DSMES) for type 2 diabetes patients delivered by telehealth during COVID-19 pandemic to in-person delivery during pre-COVID-19. A retrospective case-controlled study was conducted (95 telehealth and 95 on-site). Differences in hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) reductions between groups were analyzed by linear mixed-effects models, and satisfaction was collected. Compared with baseline, at the three-month follow-up, the HbA1c reductions of the telehealth and on-site DSMES were 1.20 ± 0.15% and 1.21 ± 0.15%, respectively (P < .001), whereas these were 1.28 ± 0.16% and 1.18 ± 0.15% at six-month follow-up, respectively (P < .001). There were no significant differences in HbA1c reduction between the two groups (P = .967 and .674 at three- and six-month follow-up). Majority of participants in both groups had high program satisfaction (telehealth 98.7% vs on-site 95.1%, P = .269). In conclusion, DSMES delivered via telehealth is as effective in lowering HbA1c as that delivered in-person, with a high satisfaction rate.

COVID-19 , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Self-Management , Telemedicine , Humans , Glycated Hemoglobin/analysis , Self-Management/education , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/therapy , Pandemics , Retrospective Studies , Thailand
Sci Diabetes Self Manag Care ; 47(4): 290-301, 2021 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1329105


PURPOSE: The purpose of this substudy was to determine the most acceptable way to restart the Texas Strength Through Resilience in Diabetes Education (TX STRIDE) study safely using remote technologies. Following the emergence of COVID-19, all in-person TX STRIDE intervention and data collection sessions were paused. METHODS: Qualitative descriptive methods using telephone interviews were conducted during the research pause. A structured interview guide was developed to facilitate data collection and coding. Forty-seven of 59 Cohort 1 participants were interviewed (mean age = 60.7 years; 79% female; mean time diagnosed with type 2 diabetes = 11 years). RESULTS: Data categories and subcategories were generated from the interview responses and included: personal experiences with COVID-19, effects of COVID-19 on diabetes self-management, psychosocial and financial effects of COVID-19, and recommendations for program restart. Although some participants lacked technological knowledge, they expressed eagerness to learn how to use remote meeting platforms to resume intervention and at-home data-collection sessions. Six months after the in-person intervention was paused, TX STRIDE restarted remotely with data collection and class sessions held via Zoom. A majority of participants (72.9%) transitioned to the virtual platform restart. CONCLUSIONS: Qualitative findings guided the appropriate implementation of technology for the study, which facilitated a successful restart. High retention of participants through the study transition provides evidence that participants are invested in learning how to manage their diabetes despite the challenges and distractions imposed by COVID-19.

Black or African American , COVID-19 , Culturally Competent Care , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Self-Management , Black or African American/psychology , Black or African American/statistics & numerical data , Aged , COVID-19/ethnology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/ethnology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/therapy , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Qualitative Research , Self-Management/education , Self-Management/psychology , Texas/epidemiology