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1.
BMC Nephrol ; 22(1): 384, 2021 11 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1523286

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Hemodialysis patients are among high-risk groups for COVID-19. Africa is the continent with the lowest number of cases in the general population but we have little information about the disease burden in dialysis patients. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe the seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in the hemodialysis population of Senegal. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a multicenter cross-sectional survey, between June and September 2020 involving 10 public dialysis units randomly selected in eight regions of Senegal. After seeking their consent, we included 303 patients aged ≥ 18 years and hemodialysis for ≥ 3 months. Clinical symptoms and biological parameters were collected from medical records. Patients' blood samples were tested with Abbott SARS-CoV-2 Ig G assay using an Architect system. Statistical tests were performed with STATA 12.0. RESULTS: Seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies was 21.1% (95% CI = 16.7-26.1%). We noticed a wide variability in SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence between regions ranging from 5.6 to 51.7%. Among the 38 patients who underwent nasal swab testing, only six had a PCR-confirmed infection and all of them did seroconvert. Suggestive clinical symptoms were reported by 28.1% of seropositive patients and the majority of them presented asymptomatic disease. After multivariate analysis, a previous contact with a confirmed case and living in a high population density region were associated with the presence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies. CONCLUSION: This study presents to our knowledge the first seroprevalence data in African hemodialysis patients. Compared to data from other continents, we found a higher proportion of patients with SARS-CoV-2 antibodies but a lower lethality rate.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Viral/blood , COVID-19/epidemiology , Renal Dialysis , SARS-CoV-2/immunology , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , COVID-19/blood , COVID-19/complications , Contact Tracing , Cross-Sectional Studies , Educational Status , Female , Geography, Medical , Health Surveys , Humans , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Kidney Failure, Chronic/complications , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Population Density , Prevalence , Senegal/epidemiology , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Symptom Assessment , Young Adult
2.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 21108, 2021 10 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1493205

ABSTRACT

SARS-CoV-2, the virus causing the COVID-19 pandemic emerged in December 2019 in China and raised fears it could overwhelm healthcare systems worldwide. Mutations of the virus are monitored by the GISAID database from which we downloaded sequences from four West African countries Ghana, Gambia, Senegal and Nigeria from February 2020 to April 2020. We subjected the sequences to phylogenetic analysis employing the nextstrain pipeline. We found country-specific patterns of viral variants and supplemented that with data on novel variants from June 2021. Until April 2020, variants carrying the crucial Europe-associated D614G amino acid change were predominantly found in Senegal and Gambia, and combinations of late variants with and early variants without D614G in Ghana and Nigeria. In June 2021 all variants carried the D614G amino acid substitution. Senegal and Gambia exhibited again variants transmitted from Europe (alpha or delta), Ghana a combination of several variants and in Nigeria the original Eta variant. Detailed analysis of distinct samples revealed that some might have circulated latently and some reflect migration routes. The distinct patterns of variants within the West African countries point at their global transmission via air traffic predominantly from Europe and only limited transmission between the West African countries.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/transmission , COVID-19/virology , Computational Biology/methods , Mutation , SARS-CoV-2 , Africa, Western , Biodiversity , China , Europe , Gambia , Genetic Variation , Genome, Viral , Geography , Ghana , Humans , Nigeria , Phylogeny , Senegal , Time Factors
3.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2021: 1250129, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1398741

ABSTRACT

We formulate and theoretically analyze a mathematical model of COVID-19 transmission mechanism incorporating vital dynamics of the disease and two key therapeutic measures-vaccination of susceptible individuals and recovery/treatment of infected individuals. Both the disease-free and endemic equilibrium are globally asymptotically stable when the effective reproduction number R 0(v) is, respectively, less or greater than unity. The derived critical vaccination threshold is dependent on the vaccine efficacy for disease eradication whenever R 0(v) > 1, even if vaccine coverage is high. Pontryagin's maximum principle is applied to establish the existence of the optimal control problem and to derive the necessary conditions to optimally mitigate the spread of the disease. The model is fitted with cumulative daily Senegal data, with a basic reproduction number R 0 = 1.31 at the onset of the epidemic. Simulation results suggest that despite the effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccination and treatment to mitigate the spread of COVID-19, when R 0(v) > 1, additional efforts such as nonpharmaceutical public health interventions should continue to be implemented. Using partial rank correlation coefficients and Latin hypercube sampling, sensitivity analysis is carried out to determine the relative importance of model parameters to disease transmission. Results shown graphically could help to inform the process of prioritizing public health intervention measures to be implemented and which model parameter to focus on in order to mitigate the spread of the disease. The effective contact rate b, the vaccine efficacy ε, the vaccination rate v, the fraction of exposed individuals who develop symptoms, and, respectively, the exit rates from the exposed and the asymptomatic classes σ and ϕ are the most impactful parameters.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19/transmission , Models, Biological , Basic Reproduction Number/statistics & numerical data , COVID-19/therapy , COVID-19 Vaccines/pharmacology , Computer Simulation , Humans , Mathematical Concepts , Nonlinear Dynamics , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pandemics/statistics & numerical data , Public Health , SARS-CoV-2 , Senegal/epidemiology , Vaccination
4.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0254870, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1378134

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The concept of death is abstract, complex and has a number of meanings. Thus, its understanding and the approach taken to it depend, to a large extent, on aspects such as age, culture, training and religion. Nursing students have regular contact with the process of death and so it is of great interest to understand the attitudes they have towards it. As we live in a plural society it is even more interesting to not only understand the attitudes of Spanish students but, also, those of students coming from other countries. In the present article, we seek to identify and compare the attitudes held by nursing degree students at Hekima-Santé University (Senegal) and the University of Huelva (Spain) about end of life processes. The study identifies elements that condition attitudes and coping with death, whilst considering curricular differences with regards to specific end of life training. METHOD: A descriptive, cross-sectional and multi-center study was conducted. The overall sample (N = 142) was divided into groups: Hekima-Santé University (Dakar, Senegal) and the University of Huelva (Huelva, Spain). The measurement instruments used were an ad-hoc questionnaire and Bugen´s Coping with Death Scale. RESULTS: Statistically significant differences (p = 0.005, 95%CI) were found in relation to overall Bugen Scale scores. We can confirm that specialized end of life training (University of Huelva, Spain) did not lead to better coping when compared with a population whose academic curriculum did not provide specific training and who engaged in more religious practices (Hekima-Santé University, Senegal). CONCLUSIONS: In cultures where religion not only influences the spiritual dimension of the individual, but acts in the ethical and moral system and consequently in the economic, educational and family sphere, the accompaniment at the end of life transcends the formative plane. Considering the plural society in which we live, the training that integrates the Degree in Nursing with regard to the care of the final process, must be multidimensional in which spirituality and faith are integrated, working emotional and attentional skills, as well as cultural competence strategies in this process.


Subject(s)
Attitude of Health Personnel , Culture , Students, Nursing/psychology , Terminal Care/psychology , Death , Emotions/physiology , Female , Humans , Male , Senegal , Spain , Young Adult
6.
Front Public Health ; 9: 653565, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1346426

ABSTRACT

Background: The ATLAS program promotes and implements HIVST in Côte d'Ivoire, Mali, and Senegal. Priority groups include members of key populations-female sex workers (FSW), men having sex with men (MSM), and people who use drugs (PWUD)-and their partners and relatives. HIVST distribution activities, which began in mid-2019, were impacted in early 2020 by the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: This article, focusing only on outreach activities among key populations, analyzes quantitative, and qualitative program data collected during implementation to examine temporal trends in HIVST distribution and their evolution in the context of the COVID-19 health crisis. Specifically, we investigated the impact on, the adaptation of and the disruption of field activities. Results: In all three countries, the pre-COVID-19 period was marked by a gradual increase in HIVST distribution. The period corresponding to the initial emergency response (March-May 2020) witnessed an important disruption of activities: a total suspension in Senegal, a significant decline in Côte d'Ivoire, and a less pronounced decrease in Mali. Secondary distribution was also negatively impacted. Peer educators showed resilience and adapted by relocating from public to private areas, reducing group sizes, moving night activities to the daytime, increasing the use of social networks, integrating hygiene measures, and promoting assisted HIVST as an alternative to conventional rapid testing. From June 2020 onward, with the routine management of the COVID-19 pandemic, a catch-up phenomenon was observed with the resumption of activities in Senegal, the opening of new distribution sites, a rebound in the number of distributed HIVST kits, a resurgence in larger group activities, and a rebound in the average number of distributed HIVST kits per primary contact. Conclusions: Although imperfect, the program data provide useful information to describe changes in the implementation of HIVST outreach activities over time. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on HIVST distribution among key populations was visible in the monthly activity reports. Focus groups and individual interviews allowed us to document the adaptations made by peer educators, with variations across countries and populations. These adaptations demonstrate the resilience and learning capacities of peer educators and key populations.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , HIV Infections , Sex Workers , Sexual and Gender Minorities , Cote d'Ivoire/epidemiology , Female , HIV Infections/diagnosis , Homosexuality, Male , Humans , Male , Mali/epidemiology , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Self-Testing , Senegal/epidemiology
7.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 1490, 2021 08 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1339132

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In early March 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic hit West Africa. In response, countries in the region quickly set up crisis management committees and implemented drastic measures to stem the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. The objective of this article is to analyse the epidemiological evolution of COVID-19 in seven Francophone West African countries (Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Mali, Niger, Senegal) as well as the public health measures decided upon during the first 7 months of the pandemic. METHODS: Our method is based on quantitative and qualitative data from the pooling of information from a COVID-19 data platform and collected by a network of interdisciplinary collaborators present in the seven countries. Descriptive and spatial analyses of quantitative epidemiological data, as well as content analyses of qualitative data on public measures and management committees were performed. RESULTS: Attack rates (October 2020) for COVID-19 have ranged from 20 per 100,000 inhabitants (Benin) to more than 94 per 100,000 inhabitants (Senegal). All these countries reacted quickly to the crisis, in some cases before the first reported infection, and implemented public measures in a relatively homogeneous manner. None of the countries implemented country-wide lockdowns, but some implemented partial or local containment measures. At the end of June 2020, countries began to lift certain restrictive measures, sometimes under pressure from the general population or from certain economic sectors. CONCLUSION: Much research on COVID-19 remains to be conducted in West Africa to better understand the dynamics of the pandemic, and to further examine the state responses to ensure their appropriateness and adaptation to the national contexts.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Africa, Western/epidemiology , Benin , Burkina Faso , Communicable Disease Control , Cote d'Ivoire , Guinea , Humans , Mali/epidemiology , Niger , SARS-CoV-2 , Senegal/epidemiology
8.
BMJ Open ; 11(7): e050090, 2021 07 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1315809

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Rural areas are considered safe havens against the increased spread of COVID-19 and associated restrictive measures, especially in contexts where public authorities are not in a position to systematically and substantially ease COVID-19-induced economic shocks. In the current sub-Saharan Africa context, still marked by uncertainty surrounding the spread of COVID-19, we present the protocol of an ongoing longitudinal study aimed at investigating COVID-19-related attitudes, risks perceptions, preventive behaviours and economic impact in rural areas in Senegal. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A prospective randomised longitudinal study of 600 households located in three semiurban villages and nine randomly selected rural villages in the Niakhar area (located 135 km East of Dakar). Three ad hoc phone surveys are administered to 600 heads of households, their housewives in charge of managing the household and a relative living temporarily in the household, respectively. In addition to sharing identical sets of questions on several topics (risks perceptions, attitudes to curfew, attitudes to vaccines, beliefs about COVID-19 infection), the three separate survey questionnaires also include other topics (economic impact, local preventive strategies) whose related questions differ between questionnaires. As analysing evolutions is the study's primary focus, data on all the topics covered will be collected in three waves unless the spread of COVID-19 by mid-2021 justifies extending data collection. The present article presents the study protocol and details about the implementation of the first wave of data collection which started in July 2020. The decision to wait before presenting the protocol was based on the unprecedented context the COVID-19 pandemic. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The survey's protocol was approved by the Senegalese National Ethical Committee for Research in Health (131/MSAS/CNERS/Sec) and received authorisation from both the Senegalese Ministry of Health (619/MSAS/DPRS/DR) and the French Commission on Information Technology and Liberties (CNIL 2220771).


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Africa South of the Sahara , Attitude , Humans , Longitudinal Studies , Pandemics , Perception , Prospective Studies , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , SARS-CoV-2 , Senegal
10.
Front Public Health ; 9: 653612, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1264394

ABSTRACT

Despite significant progress on the proportion of individuals who know their HIV status in 2020, Côte d'Ivoire (76%), Senegal (78%), and Mali (48%) remain far below, and key populations (KP) including female sex workers (FSW), men who have sex with men (MSM), and people who use drugs (PWUD) are the most vulnerable groups with a HIV prevalence at 5-30%. HIV self-testing (HIVST), a process where a person collects his/her own specimen, performs a test, and interprets the result, was introduced in 2019 as a new testing modality through the ATLAS project coordinated by the international partner organisation Solthis (IPO). We estimate the costs of implementing HIVST through 23 civil society organisations (CSO)-led models for KP in Côte d'Ivoire (N = 7), Senegal (N = 11), and Mali (N = 5). We modelled costs for programme transition (2021) and early scale-up (2022-2023). Between July 2019 and September 2020, a total of 51,028, 14,472, and 34,353 HIVST kits were distributed in Côte d'Ivoire, Senegal, and Mali, respectively. Across countries, 64-80% of HIVST kits were distributed to FSW, 20-31% to MSM, and 5-8% to PWUD. Average costs per HIVST kit distributed were $15 for FSW (Côte d'Ivoire: $13, Senegal: $17, Mali: $16), $23 for MSM (Côte d'Ivoire: $15, Senegal: $27, Mali: $28), and $80 for PWUD (Côte d'Ivoire: $16, Senegal: $144), driven by personnel costs (47-78% of total costs), and HIVST kits costs (2-20%). Average costs at scale-up were $11 for FSW (Côte d'Ivoire: $9, Senegal: $13, Mali: $10), $16 for MSM (Côte d'Ivoire: $9, Senegal: $23, Mali: $17), and $32 for PWUD (Côte d'Ivoire: $14, Senegal: $50). Cost reductions were mainly explained by the spreading of IPO costs over higher HIVST distribution volumes and progressive IPO withdrawal at scale-up. In all countries, CSO-led HIVST kit provision to KP showed relatively high costs during the study period related to the progressive integration of the programme to CSO activities and contextual challenges (COVID-19 pandemic, country safety concerns). In transition to scale-up and integration of the HIVST programme into CSO activities, this model shows large potential for substantial economies of scale. Further research will assess the overall cost-effectiveness of this model.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , HIV Infections , Sex Workers , Sexual and Gender Minorities , Cote d'Ivoire/epidemiology , Female , HIV Infections/diagnosis , Homosexuality, Male , Humans , Male , Mali/epidemiology , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Self-Testing , Senegal
12.
Sante Publique ; 32(5): 549-561, 2020.
Article in French | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1136556

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Faced with the increase in confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Senegal, particularly in the region of Dakar, epicenter of the disease, it is necessary to study the knowledge, attitudes and practices of the populations of the West and South districts on COVID-19. METHODS: A cross-sectional and analytical study was conducted from May 9 to 30, 2020. A four-stage cluster survey was carried out at the level of the West and South districts. Univariate and multivariate analyzes were carried out using R 3.4.4 software. RESULTS: In total, 400 people were surveyed. The mean age of those surveyed was 40.2 ± 14.7 years and extremes of 18 and 82 years. The male sex predominated in 66.5% of cases. People had good knowledge of the signs, transmission risks and prevention measures respectively in 4.7%; 3% and 47.8%. In total, 74% of the people surveyed respected the concept of "stay at home". Wearing a mask and systematic hand washing with soap and water were noted among the people surveyed in 53.6% and 34.8% of cases, respectively. People who had good knowledge of preventive measures against COVID-19 wore the mask more (ORaj = 2.1 [1.2-3.5]) and washed their hands more with soap and water (ORaj = 1.9 [1.1-3.4]). CONCLUSION: For an effective fight against this epidemic, it is important to strengthen risk communication with full community participation. This strategy must be coupled with actions aimed at making prevention means available to the benefit of the entire population.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Adult , Cross-Sectional Studies , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2 , Senegal , Surveys and Questionnaires
13.
Pan Afr Med J ; 35(Suppl 2): 31, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1112880

ABSTRACT

Les maladies respiratoires particulièrement le COVID-19 constituent un problème majeur de santé publique dans le monde. Depuis mars 2020, le Sénégal a enregistré 299 cas de COVID-19 dont 183 guéris et seulement deux cas sévères. Aussi environ 20000 personnes en contact étroit avec les malades ont été testés négatifs. Ces résultats sur l´absence de cas sévère, le taux élevé de guérison et la négativité des tests chez les personnes en contact étroit avec les malades pourraient s´expliquer par un portage de coronavirus non viable ou à charge virale très faible (non détectable). En effet, certains facteurs tels que le climat, les prédispositions génétiques pourraient jouer un rôle très important sur la viabilité de SARS CoV-2. Les autres virus respiratoires tels qu´Influenza virus, VRS, rhinovirus, entérovirus, métapneumovirus, para influenza virus causant les mêmes symptômes que le SARS CoV-2, leur détection devrait être faite ensemble pour l´imputabilité de la maladie à un tel virus respiratoire. En conclusion, au Sénégal, le nombre de personnes supposées malades de COVID-19 est très faible et le taux de guérison très élevé. Ainsi, les efforts déployés contre le COVID-19 devraient être réorientés vers la prise en charge des autres pathologies prioritaires des sénégalais.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/virology , Respiratory Tract Infections/virology , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/transmission , COVID-19 Testing , Humans , Respiratory Tract Infections/diagnosis , Senegal/epidemiology , Severity of Illness Index
15.
Pan Afr Med J ; 37: 364, 2020.
Article in French | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1044234

ABSTRACT

Introduction: the COVID-19 pandemic has pushed the world to implement drastic prevention methods based on limiting population movements that have an impact on public health policies, such as vaccination. The purpose of this work was to assess the effect of these preventive measures on routine immunization schedules in hospitals after the outbreak of this pandemic in Senegal. Methods: we conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study in the Vaccination Unit of the Abass NDAO hospital center in August 2020. We compared data from the Vaccination Unit over the period March-August of the last three years (2018, 2019 and 2020). The parameter studied was the number of vaccine doses administered in the different periods according to the expanded immunization program. Results: in April, the number of doses of vaccines given at 6 weeks was 36 in 2018, 29 in 2019 and 15 in 2020, reflecting a decrease of 50% compared to March. In July, the number of doses given was 40 in 2018, 35 in 2019 and 15 in 2020, reflecting a reduction of 42% compared to 2019. Conclusion: measures to combat this pandemic should not affect routine immunization programmes, especially in our resource-constrained country. It is essential to continue vaccination schedule for children and to identify children who have missed vaccine doses in order to implement catch-up vaccination.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Immunization Schedule , Vaccination/statistics & numerical data , Vaccines/administration & dosage , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hospitals , Humans , Immunization Programs , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Retrospective Studies , Senegal
16.
Pan Afr Med J ; 37(Suppl 1): 23, 2020.
Article in French | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1032982

ABSTRACT

Introduction: health care systems in West Africa have been under strain since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. The exposure of health personnel to infection during the COVID-19 pandemic has been reported in several studies. The purpose of this study was to analyze health workers' actual and perceived risk in the first hospital faced with managing a community-acquired COVID-19 case in Senegal. Methods: we conducted an exploratory descriptive study of health care providers' perception about their own risk during the COVID-19 pandemic. Forty-seven health-care providers were interviewed in personal, extensive interviews in this hospital. Results: the fear of disease was present among the health staff. This fear was caused by several exogenous and endogenous factors, including the lack of knowledge of the virus and COVID-19 disease, the feeling of vulnerability due to insufficient availability of personal protective equipment, healthcare professionals' position in relation to the priesthood from the medical profession and the real and perceived risk of putting their family and their entourage in potentially dangerous situations. Conclusion: this study highlights the need for psycho-affective management of health care workers during this pandemic by taking the gender dimension into account. The provision of personal adequate protective equipment and stress management measures could enable front-line workers to cope with this pandemic in complete serenity.


Subject(s)
Attitude of Health Personnel , Attitude to Health , COVID-19 , Health Personnel/psychology , Adult , COVID-19/epidemiology , Community-Acquired Infections/epidemiology , Female , Hospitals , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Qualitative Research , Risk , Senegal/epidemiology
17.
Pan Afr Med J ; 37(Suppl 1): 22, 2020.
Article in French | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1032976

ABSTRACT

Introduction: COVID-19 has spread rapidly since its emergence in China and is currently a global health issue. Its definitive diagnosis is made by PCR on nasopharyngeal swabs. However, this diagnostic test has low sensitivity with delayed results. Hence, thoracic computed tomography represents an interesting alternative. The aims of this study were to assess the frequency of computed tomography (CT) lesions suggestive of COVID-19 and to compare the results of CT and PCR test. Methods: a prospective study carried out over15 working days and involved 47 patients. These patients were recruited based on the presence of at least 2 clinical signs of COVID-19. Chest CT without contrast according to the "LOW-DOSE" protocol was performed. A PCR test on nasopharyngeal swabs was done in patients with signs suggestive of COVID on CT. A serological test was performed in case of a discrepancy between the CT and PCR results. Results: thoracic CT was abnormal in 38 patients and normal in 9 patients. Lesions suggestive of COVID-19 have been identified in 32 patients. Two patients had lesions of non-specific pneumonia. Tuberculosis lesions were visualized in 3 patients. One patient had lesions of interstitial pneumonia. The mean DLP was 59 mGy.cm with extremes of 25 and 95 mGy.cm. Ground-glass opacity was present in 100% of COVID-19 suspects on CT. The results of the PCR test were the same than CT in 12 patients. The positive predictive value for CT was 37.5%. In 20 patients with COVID lesions on CT, the PCR test was negative with a false positive rate of 62.5%. In the patients with negative PCR test, 4 had a serological test for COVID-19 and this test was positive in 3. Conclusion: low-dose chest CT can reduce radiation exposure in COVID-19 patients who are at risk of cumulative dose due to repetitive exam. CT can identify lesions suggestive of COVID-19. It also enables the triage of patients by identifying other diagnoses.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19/blood , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Radiation Dosage , Radiology Department, Hospital , Senegal , Triage , Young Adult
18.
Int J Infect Dis ; 105: 470-471, 2021 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1014555

ABSTRACT

In the context of the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, all mass gathering (MG) events have been cancelled. The Grand Magal took place on October 6, 2020, in Touba, Senegal, which was the only MG event organized in 2020. This Muslim pilgrimage gathers about four million Muslim Mourides from Senegal and beyond. No significant increase in COVID-19 cases was therefore observed at the national level in the weeks following the Grand Magal. This successful strategy is an invitation to better promote community commitments by public authorities in their various strategies.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Islam , Pandemics , Communicable Disease Control , Crowding , Humans , Public Health , SARS-CoV-2 , Senegal/epidemiology , Travel
19.
Pan Afr Med J ; 37(Suppl 1): 5, 2020.
Article in French | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-966340

ABSTRACT

Senegal, like many countries in the world, has been facing the COVID-19 pandemic since March 2, 2020. Psychosocial care for people who are victims of this unexpected and potentially fatal event is essential. As soon as the first cases were registered in Senegal with the announcement of the first cluster in the town of Touba, 150km from Dakar, on March 12, 2020, the country's health authorities set up a multidisciplinary team on the spot with a cell operational psychosocial. This unit has set up for a hundred direct and indirect victims immediate and post-immediate individual and/or group care with home visits. Beyond the therapeutic and support aspect of the psychosocial care of these victims of COVID-19, this intervention allowed the decision-making level to have feedback from the field on certain actions that posed more problems than they did not resolve. The psychosocial field work made it possible to model and adjust the interventions in a particular context of denial by the local population.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Contact Tracing , Psychosocial Support Systems , Quarantine/psychology , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19/transmission , Disease Transmission, Infectious/prevention & control , Humans , Senegal/epidemiology
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