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1.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 20(10)2023 05 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20241601

ABSTRACT

Popular social media platforms, such as Twitter, have become an excellent source of information with their swift information dissemination. Individuals with different backgrounds convey their opinions through social media platforms. Consequently, these platforms have become a profound instrument for collecting enormous datasets. We believe that compiling, organizing, exploring, and analyzing data from social media platforms, such as Twitter, can offer various perspectives to public health organizations and decision makers in identifying factors that contribute to vaccine hesitancy. In this study, public tweets were downloaded daily from Tweeter using the Tweeter API. Before performing computation, the tweets were preprocessed and labeled. Vocabulary normalization was based on stemming and lemmatization. The NRCLexicon technique was deployed to convert the tweets into ten classes: positive sentiment, negative sentiment, and eight basic emotions (joy, trust, fear, surprise, anticipation, anger, disgust, and sadness). t-test was used to check the statistical significance of the relationships among the basic emotions. Our analysis shows that the p-values of joy-sadness, trust-disgust, fear-anger, surprise-anticipation, and negative-positive relations are close to zero. Finally, neural network architectures, including 1DCNN, LSTM, Multiple-Layer Perceptron, and BERT, were trained and tested in a COVID-19 multi-classification of sentiments and emotions (positive, negative, joy, sadness, trust, disgust, fear, anger, surprise, and anticipation). Our experiment attained an accuracy of 88.6% for 1DCNN at 1744 s, 89.93% accuracy for LSTM at 27,597 s, while MLP achieved an accuracy of 84.78% at 203 s. The study results show that the BERT model performed the best, with an accuracy of 96.71% at 8429 s.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Social Media , Humans , Sentiment Analysis , COVID-19 Vaccines , Public Health , COVID-19/prevention & control , Data Mining , Neural Networks, Computer , Vaccination
2.
Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz ; 66(6): 689-699, 2023 Jun.
Article in German | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2322843

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: At the beginning of the COVID­19 pandemic in Germany, there was great uncertainty among the population and among those responsible for crisis communication. A substantial part of the communication from experts and the responsible authorities took place on social media, especially on Twitter. The positive, negative, and neutral sentiments (emotions) conveyed there during crisis communication have not yet been comparatively studied for Germany. STUDY AIM: Sentiments in Twitter messages from various (health) authorities and independent experts on COVID­19 will be evaluated for the first pandemic year (1 January 2020 to 15 January 2021) to provide a knowledge base for improving future crisis communication. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From n = 39 Twitter actors (21 authorities and 18 experts), n = 8251 tweets were included in the analysis. The sentiment analysis was done using the so-called lexicon approach, a method within the social media analytics framework to detect sentiments. Descriptive statistics were calculated to determine, among other things, the average polarity of sentiments and the frequencies of positive and negative words in the three phases of the pandemic. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: The development of emotionality in COVID­19 tweets and the number of new infections in Germany run roughly parallel. The analysis shows that the polarity of sentiments is negative on average for both groups of actors. Experts tweet significantly more negatively about COVID­19 than authorities during the study period. Authorities communicate close to the neutrality line in the second phase, that is, neither distinctly positive nor negative.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Social Media , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , Pandemics , Sentiment Analysis , Germany , Communication , Attitude
3.
Sensors (Basel) ; 23(8)2023 Apr 20.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2299429

ABSTRACT

Seniors, in order to be able to fight loneliness, need to communicate with other people and be engaged in activities to keep their minds active to increase their social capital. There is an intensified interest in the development of social virtual reality environments, either by commerce or by academia, to address the problem of social isolation of older people. Due to the vulnerability of the social group involved in this field of research, the need for the application of evaluation methods regarding the proposed VR environments becomes even more important. The range of techniques that can be exploited in this field is constantly expanding, with visual sentiment analysis being a characteristic example. In this study, we introduce the use of image-based sentiment analysis and behavioural analysis as a technique to assess a social VR space for elders and present some promising preliminary results.


Subject(s)
Sentiment Analysis , Virtual Reality , Humans , Aged , Loneliness , Social Isolation
4.
PLoS One ; 18(4): e0282368, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2293292

ABSTRACT

The online health community has the functions of online consultation, health record management and disease information interaction as an online medical platform. In the context of the pandemic, the existence of online health communities has provided a favorable environment for information acquisition and knowledge sharing among different roles, effectively improving the health of human, and popularizing health knowledge. This paper analyzes the development and importance of domestic online health communities, and sorts out users' participation behaviors, types of behaviors, and continuous participation behaviors, influence motives, and motivational patterns in online health communities. Taking the operation status of the online health community during the pandemic period as an example, the computer sentiment analysis method was used to obtain seven categories of participation behaviors and the proportion of various behaviors of online health community users, and the conclusion is: the emergence of the pandemic, making the online health community a platform where people are more inclined to choose to consult health issues, and user interaction behaviors have become more active on the platform.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , Health Behavior , Motivation , Pandemics , Sentiment Analysis
5.
Comput Biol Med ; 158: 106876, 2023 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2293016

ABSTRACT

The paper proposes a methodology based on Natural Language Processing (NLP) and Sentiment Analysis (SA) to get insights into sentiments and opinions toward COVID-19 vaccination in Italy. The studied dataset consists of vaccine-related tweets published in Italy from January 2021 to February 2022. In the considered period, 353,217 tweets have been analyzed, obtained after filtering 1,602,940 tweets with the word "vaccin". A main novelty of the approach is the categorization of opinion holders in four classes, Common users, Media, Medicine, Politics, obtained by applying NLP tools, enhanced with large-scale domain-specific lexicons, on the short bios published by users themselves. Feature-based sentiment analysis is enriched with an Italian sentiment lexicon containing polarized words, expressing semantic orientation, and intensive words which give cues to identify the tone of voice of each user category. The results of the analysis highlighted an overall negative sentiment along all the considered periods, especially for the Common users, and a different attitude of opinion holders towards specific important events, such as deaths after vaccination, occurring in some days of the examined 14 months.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Social Media , Humans , COVID-19 Vaccines , Sentiment Analysis , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Italy , Attitude
6.
BMC Public Health ; 23(1): 694, 2023 04 14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2292496

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic has increased online interactions and the spread of misinformation. Some researchers anticipate benefits stemming from improved public awareness of the value of vaccines while others worry concerns around vaccine development and public health mandates may have damaged public trust. There is a need to understand whether the COVID-19 pandemic, vaccine development, and vaccine mandates have influenced HPV vaccine attitudes and sentiments to inform health communication strategies. METHODS: We collected 596,987 global English-language tweets from January 2019-May 2021 using Twitter's Academic Research Product track. We determined vaccine confident and hesitant networks discussing HPV immunization using social network analysis. Then, we used a neural network approach to natural language processing to measure narratives and sentiment pertaining to HPV immunization. RESULTS: Most of the tweets in the vaccine hesitant network were negative in tone (54.9%) and focused on safety concerns surrounding the HPV vaccine while most of the tweets in the vaccine confident network were neutral (51.6%) and emphasized the health benefits of vaccination. Growth in negative sentiment among the vaccine hesitant network corresponded with legislative efforts in the State of New York to mandate HPV vaccination for public school students in 2019 and the WHO declaration of COVID-19 as a Global Health Emergency in 2020. In the vaccine confident network, the number of tweets concerning the HPV vaccine decreased during the COVID-19 pandemic but in both vaccine hesitant and confident networks, the sentiments, and themes of tweets about HPV vaccine were unchanged. CONCLUSIONS: Although we did not observe a difference in narratives or sentiments surrounding the HPV vaccine during the COVID-19 pandemic, we observed a decreased focus on the HPV vaccine among vaccine confident groups. As routine vaccine catch-up programs restart, there is a need to invest in health communication online to raise awareness about the benefits and safety of the HPV vaccine.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Health Communication , Papillomavirus Infections , Papillomavirus Vaccines , Social Media , Humans , COVID-19/prevention & control , Sentiment Analysis , Papillomavirus Infections/prevention & control , Pandemics/prevention & control , Social Networking
7.
PLoS One ; 18(2): e0277878, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2288609

ABSTRACT

While the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic has been widely studied, relatively fewer discussions about the sentimental reaction of the public are available. In this article, we scrape COVID-19 related tweets on the microblogging platform, Twitter, and examine the tweets from February 24, 2020 to October 14, 2020 in four Canadian cities (Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, and Calgary) and four U.S. cities (New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, and Seattle). Applying the RoBERTa, Vader and NRC approaches, we evaluate sentiment intensity scores and visualize the results over different periods of the pandemic. Sentiment scores for the tweets concerning three anti-epidemic measures, "masks", "vaccine", and "lockdown", are computed for comparison. We explore possible causal relationships among the variables concerning tweet activities and sentiment scores of COVID-19 related tweets by integrating the echo state network method with convergent cross-mapping. Our analyses show that public sentiments about COVID-19 vary from time to time and from place to place, and are different with respect to anti-epidemic measures of "masks", "vaccines", and "lockdown". Evidence of the causal relationship is revealed for the examined variables, assuming the suggested model is feasible.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Social Media , Vaccines , Humans , Sentiment Analysis , Pandemics , Canada , Learning
8.
BMJ Health Care Inform ; 30(1)2023 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2286623

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The COVID-19 pandemic has introduced new opportunities for health communication, including an increase in the public's use of online outlets for health-related emotions. People have turned to social media networks to share sentiments related to the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. In this paper, we examine the role of social messaging shared by Persons in the Public Eye (ie, athletes, politicians, news personnel, etc) in determining overall public discourse direction. METHODS: We harvested approximately 13 million tweets ranging from 1 January 2020 to 1 March 2022. The sentiment was calculated for each tweet using a fine-tuned DistilRoBERTa model, which was used to compare COVID-19 vaccine-related Twitter posts (tweets) that co-occurred with mentions of People in the Public Eye. RESULTS: Our findings suggest the presence of consistent patterns of emotional content co-occurring with messaging shared by Persons in the Public Eye for the first 2 years of the COVID-19 pandemic influenced public opinion and largely stimulated online public discourse. DISCUSSION: We demonstrate that as the pandemic progressed, public sentiment shared on social networks was shaped by risk perceptions, political ideologies and health-protective behaviours shared by Persons in the Public Eye, often in a negative light. CONCLUSION: We argue that further analysis of public response to various emotions shared by Persons in the Public Eye could provide insight into the role of social media shared sentiment in disease prevention, control and containment for COVID-19 and in response to future disease outbreaks.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Social Media , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , Pandemics , Sentiment Analysis , COVID-19 Vaccines , Attitude
9.
J Commun Healthc ; 16(1): 103-112, 2023 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2286224

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Evidence-based health communication is crucial for facilitating vaccine-related knowledge and addressing vaccine hesitancy. To that end, it is important to understand the discourses about COVID-19 vaccination and attend to the publics' emotions underlying those discourses. METHODS: We collect tweets related to COVID-19 vaccines from March 2020 to March 2021. In total, 304,292 tweets from 134,015 users are collected. We conduct a Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) modeling analysis and a sentiment analysis to analyze the discourse themes and sentiments. RESULTS: This study identifies seven themes of COVID-19 vaccine-related discourses. Vaccine advocacy (24.82%) is the most widely discussed topic about COVID-19 vaccines, followed by vaccine hesitancy (22.29%), vaccine rollout (12.99%), vaccine facts (12.61%), recognition for healthcare workers (12.47%), vaccine side effects (10.07%), and vaccine policies (4.75%). Trust is the most salient emotion associated with COVID-19 vaccine discourses, followed by anticipation, fear, joy, sadness, anger, surprise, and disgust. Among the seven topics, vaccine advocacy tweets are most likely to receive likes and comments, and vaccine fact tweets are most likely to receive retweets. CONCLUSIONS: When talking about vaccines, publics' emotions are dominated by trust and anticipation, yet mixed with fear and sadness. Although tweets about vaccine hesitancy are prevalent on Twitter, those messages receive fewer likes and comments than vaccine advocacy messages. Over time, tweets about vaccine advocacy and vaccine facts become more dominant whereas tweets about vaccine hesitancy become less dominant among COVID-19 vaccine discourses, suggesting that publics become more confident about COVID-19 vaccines as they obtain more information.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Social Media , Vaccines , Humans , COVID-19 Vaccines/therapeutic use , COVID-19/epidemiology , Sentiment Analysis
10.
J Am Med Inform Assoc ; 30(5): 923-931, 2023 04 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2285997

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Vaccines are crucial components of pandemic responses. Over 12 billion coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines were administered at the time of writing. However, public perceptions of vaccines have been complex. We integrated social media and surveillance data to unravel the evolving perceptions of COVID-19 vaccines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Applying human-in-the-loop deep learning models, we analyzed sentiments towards COVID-19 vaccines in 11 211 672 tweets of 2 203 681 users from 2020 to 2022. The diverse sentiment patterns were juxtaposed against user demographics, public health surveillance data of over 180 countries, and worldwide event timelines. A subanalysis was performed targeting the subpopulation of pregnant people. Additional feature analyses based on user-generated content suggested possible sources of vaccine hesitancy. RESULTS: Our trained deep learning model demonstrated performances comparable to educated humans, yielding an accuracy of 0.92 in sentiment analysis against our manually curated dataset. Albeit fluctuations, sentiments were found more positive over time, followed by a subsequence upswing in population-level vaccine uptake. Distinguishable patterns were revealed among subgroups stratified by demographic variables. Encouraging news or events were detected surrounding positive sentiments crests. Sentiments in pregnancy-related tweets demonstrated a lagged pattern compared with the general population, with delayed vaccine uptake trends. Feature analysis detected hesitancies stemmed from clinical trial logics, risks and complications, and urgency of scientific evidence. DISCUSSION: Integrating social media and public health surveillance data, we associated the sentiments at individual level with observed populational-level vaccination patterns. By unraveling the distinctive patterns across subpopulations, the findings provided evidence-based strategies for improving vaccine promotion during pandemics.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Social Media , Female , Pregnancy , Humans , COVID-19 Vaccines , Sentiment Analysis , COVID-19/prevention & control , Pandemics , Public Health Surveillance
11.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 20(1)2022 12 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2242658

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 outbreak, a recent major public health emergency, was the first national health crisis since China entered the era of mobile social media. In this context, the public posted many quarantine-related posts for help on social media. Most previous studies of social media during the pandemic focused only on people's emotional needs, with less analysis of quarantine help-seeking content. Based on this situation, this study analyzed the relationship between the number of quarantine help-seeking posts and the number of new diagnoses at different time points in the pandemic using Zhihu, the most comprehensive topic discussion platform in China. It showed a positive correlation between the number of help-seeking posts and the pandemic's severity. Given the diversity of people's help-seeking content, this study used topic model analysis and sentiment analysis to explore the key content of people's quarantine help-seeking posts during the pandemic. In light of the framework of uses and gratifications, we found that people posted the most questions in relation to help with information related to pandemic information and quarantine information. Interestingly, the study also found that the content of people's quarantine posts during the pandemic was primarily negative in sentiment. This study can thus help the community understand the changes in people's perceptions, attitudes, and concerns through their reactions to emergencies and then formulate relevant countermeasures to address pandemic control and information regulation, which will have implications for future responses to public health emergencies. Moreover, in terms of psychological aspects, it will help implement future mental health intervention strategies and better address the public's psychological problems.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Social Media , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/psychology , SARS-CoV-2 , Sentiment Analysis , Emergencies , Quarantine , China/epidemiology
12.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 20(3)2023 01 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2216018

ABSTRACT

The vaccines against COVID-19 arrived in Spain at the end of 2020 along with vaccination campaigns which were not free of controversy. The debate was fueled by the adverse effects following the administration of the AstraZeneca-Oxford (AZ) vaccine in some European countries, eventually leading to its temporary suspension as a precautionary measure. In the present study, we analyze the healthcare professionals' conversations, sentiment, polarity, and intensity on social media during two periods in 2021: the one closest to the suspension of the AZ vaccine and the same time frame 30 days later. We also analyzed whether there were differences between Spain and the rest of the world. Results: The negative sentiment ratio was higher (U = 87; p = 0.048) in Spain in March (Med = 0.396), as well as the daily intensity (U = 86; p = 0.044; Med = 0.440). The opposite happened with polarity (U = 86; p = 0.044), which was higher in the rest of the world (Med = -0.264). Conclusions: There was a general increase in messages and interactions between March and April. In Spain, there was a higher incidence of negative messages and intensity compared to the rest of the world during the March period that disappeared in April. Finally, it was found that the dissemination of messages linked to negative emotions towards vaccines against COVID-19 from healthcare professionals contributed to a negative approach to primary prevention campaigns in the middle of the pandemic.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Social Media , Vaccines , Humans , Sentiment Analysis , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines , Delivery of Health Care
13.
Math Biosci Eng ; 20(2): 2382-2407, 2023 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2201218

ABSTRACT

The unprecedented rise in the number of COVID-19 cases has drawn global attention, as it has caused an adverse impact on the lives of people all over the world. As of December 31, 2021, more than 2, 86, 901, 222 people have been infected with COVID-19. The rise in the number of COVID-19 cases and deaths across the world has caused fear, anxiety and depression among individuals. Social media is the most dominant tool that disturbed human life during this pandemic. Among the social media platforms, Twitter is one of the most prominent and trusted social media platforms. To control and monitor the COVID-19 infection, it is necessary to analyze the sentiments of people expressed on their social media platforms. In this study, we proposed a deep learning approach known as a long short-term memory (LSTM) model for the analysis of tweets related to COVID-19 as positive or negative sentiments. In addition, the proposed approach makes use of the firefly algorithm to enhance the overall performance of the model. Further, the performance of the proposed model, along with other state-of-the-art ensemble and machine learning models, has been evaluated by using performance metrics such as accuracy, precision, recall, the AUC-ROC and the F1-score. The experimental results reveal that the proposed LSTM + Firefly approach obtained a better accuracy of 99.59% when compared with the other state-of-the-art models.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Deep Learning , Humans , Sentiment Analysis , Algorithms , Fear
14.
J Med Internet Res ; 25: e42623, 2023 01 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2198168

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The unprecedented speed of COVID-19 vaccine development and approval has raised public concern about its safety. However, studies on public discourses and opinions on social media focusing on adverse events (AEs) related to COVID-19 vaccine are rare. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to analyze Korean tweets about COVID-19 vaccines (Pfizer, Moderna, AstraZeneca, Janssen, and Novavax) after the vaccine rollout, explore the topics and sentiments of tweets regarding COVID-19 vaccines, and examine their changes over time. We also analyzed topics and sentiments focused on AEs related to vaccination using only tweets with terms about AEs. METHODS: We devised a sophisticated methodology consisting of 5 steps: keyword search on Twitter, data collection, data preprocessing, data analysis, and result visualization. We used the Twitter Representational State Transfer application programming interface for data collection. A total of 1,659,158 tweets were collected from February 1, 2021, to March 31, 2022. Finally, 165,984 data points were analyzed after excluding retweets, news, official announcements, advertisements, duplicates, and tweets with <2 words. We applied a variety of preprocessing techniques that are suitable for the Korean language. We ran a suite of analyses using various Python packages, such as latent Dirichlet allocation, hierarchical latent Dirichlet allocation, and sentiment analysis. RESULTS: The topics related to COVID-19 vaccines have a very large spectrum, including vaccine-related AEs, emotional reactions to vaccination, vaccine development and supply, and government vaccination policies. Among them, the top major topic was AEs related to COVID-19 vaccination. The AEs ranged from the adverse reactions listed in the safety profile (eg, myalgia, fever, fatigue, injection site pain, myocarditis or pericarditis, and thrombosis) to unlisted reactions (eg, irregular menstruation, changes in appetite and sleep, leukemia, and deaths). Our results showed a notable difference in the topics for each vaccine brand. The topics pertaining to the Pfizer vaccine mainly mentioned AEs. Negative public opinion has prevailed since the early stages of vaccination. In the sentiment analysis based on vaccine brand, the topics related to the Pfizer vaccine expressed the strongest negative sentiment. CONCLUSIONS: Considering the discrepancy between academic evidence and public opinions related to COVID-19 vaccination, the government should provide accurate information and education. Furthermore, our study suggests the need for management to correct the misinformation related to vaccine-related AEs, especially those affecting negative sentiments. This study provides valuable insights into the public discourses and opinions regarding COVID-19 vaccination.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Social Media , Female , Humans , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Republic of Korea , Sentiment Analysis , Vaccines
15.
J Med Internet Res ; 25: e40922, 2023 01 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2198138

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Chatbots have become a promising tool to support public health initiatives. Despite their potential, little research has examined how individuals interacted with chatbots during the COVID-19 pandemic. Understanding user-chatbot interactions is crucial for developing services that can respond to people's needs during a global health emergency. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the COVID-19 pandemic-related topics online users discussed with a commercially available social chatbot and compared the sentiment expressed by users from 5 culturally different countries. METHODS: We analyzed 19,782 conversation utterances related to COVID-19 covering 5 countries (the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Malaysia, and the Philippines) between 2020 and 2021, from SimSimi, one of the world's largest open-domain social chatbots. We identified chat topics using natural language processing methods and analyzed their emotional sentiments. Additionally, we compared the topic and sentiment variations in the COVID-19-related chats across countries. RESULTS: Our analysis identified 18 emerging topics, which could be categorized into the following 5 overarching themes: "Questions on COVID-19 asked to the chatbot" (30.6%), "Preventive behaviors" (25.3%), "Outbreak of COVID-19" (16.4%), "Physical and psychological impact of COVID-19" (16.0%), and "People and life in the pandemic" (11.7%). Our data indicated that people considered chatbots as a source of information about the pandemic, for example, by asking health-related questions. Users turned to SimSimi for conversation and emotional messages when offline social interactions became limited during the lockdown period. Users were more likely to express negative sentiments when conversing about topics related to masks, lockdowns, case counts, and their worries about the pandemic. In contrast, small talk with the chatbot was largely accompanied by positive sentiment. We also found cultural differences, with negative words being used more often by users in the United States than by those in Asia when talking about COVID-19. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the analysis of user-chatbot interactions on a live platform, this work provides insights into people's informational and emotional needs during a global health crisis. Users sought health-related information and shared emotional messages with the chatbot, indicating the potential use of chatbots to provide accurate health information and emotional support. Future research can look into different support strategies that align with the direction of public health policy.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Social Media , Humans , United States/epidemiology , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19/psychology , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Sentiment Analysis , Communicable Disease Control
16.
Front Public Health ; 10: 902576, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2123463

ABSTRACT

Housing safety and health problems threaten owners' and occupiers' safety and health. Nevertheless, there is no systematic review on this topic to the best of our knowledge. This study compared the academic and public opinions on housing safety and health and reviewed 982 research articles and 3,173 author works on housing safety and health published in the Web of Science Core Collection. PRISMA was used to filter the data, and natural language processing (NLP) was used to analyze emotions of the abstracts. Only 16 housing safety and health articles existed worldwide before 1998 but increased afterward. U.S. scholars published most research articles (30.76%). All top 10 most productive countries were developed countries, except China, which ranked second (16.01%). Only 25.9% of institutions have inter-institutional cooperation, and collaborators from the same institution produce most work. This study found that most abstracts were positive (n = 521), but abstracts with negative emotions attracted more citations. Despite many industries moving toward AI, housing safety and health research are exceptions as per articles published and Tweets. On the other hand, this study reviewed 8,257 Tweets to compare the focus of the public to academia. There were substantially more housing/residential safety (n = 8198) Tweets than housing health Tweets (n = 59), which is the opposite of academic research. Most Tweets about housing/residential safety were from the United Kingdom or Canada, while housing health hazards were from India. The main concern about housing safety per Twitter includes finance, people, and threats to housing safety. By contrast, people mainly concerned about costs of housing health issues, COVID, and air quality. In addition, most housing safety Tweets were neutral but positive dominated residential safety and health Tweets.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Social Media , Cluster Analysis , Housing , Humans , Natural Language Processing , Sentiment Analysis
17.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 6354543, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2123271

ABSTRACT

The spread of data on the web has increased in the last twenty years. One of the reasons is the appearance of social media. The data on social sites describe many real-life events in our daily lives. In the period of the COVID-19 pandemic, a lot of people and media organizations were writing and documenting their health status and the latest news about the coronavirus on social media. Using these tweets (sentiments) about the coronavirus and analyzing them in a computational model can help decision makers in measuring public opinion and yielding remarkable findings. In this research article, we introduce a deep learning sentiment analysis model based on Universal Sentence Encoder. The dataset used in this research was collected from Twitter, and it was classified as positive, neutral, and negative. The sentence embedding model determines the meaning of word sequences instead of individual words. The model divides the dataset into training and testing and depends on the sentence similarity in detecting sentiment class. The obtained accuracy results reached 78.062%, and this result outperforms many traditional ML classifiers based on TF-IDF applied on the same dataset and another model based on the CNN classifier.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Social Media , Humans , Pandemics , Semantics , Sentiment Analysis
18.
PLoS One ; 17(11): e0275862, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2109323

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has affected our society and human well-being in various ways. In this study, we investigate how the pandemic has influenced people's emotions and psychological states compared to a pre-pandemic period using real-world data from social media. METHOD: We collected Reddit social media data from 2019 (pre-pandemic) and 2020 (pandemic) from the subreddits communities associated with eight universities. We applied the pre-trained Robustly Optimized BERT pre-training approach (RoBERTa) to learn text embedding from the Reddit messages, and leveraged the relational information among posted messages to train a graph attention network (GAT) for sentiment classification. Finally, we applied model stacking to combine the prediction probabilities from RoBERTa and GAT to yield the final classification on sentiment. With the model-predicted sentiment labels on the collected data, we used a generalized linear mixed-effects model to estimate the effects of pandemic and in-person teaching during the pandemic on sentiment. RESULTS: The results suggest that the odds of negative sentiments in 2020 (pandemic) were 25.7% higher than the odds in 2019 (pre-pandemic) with a p-value < 0.001; and the odds of negative sentiments associated in-person learning were 48.3% higher than with remote learning in 2020 with a p-value of 0.029. CONCLUSIONS: Our study results are consistent with the findings in the literature on the negative impacts of the pandemic on people's emotions and psychological states. Our study contributes to the growing real-world evidence on the various negative impacts of the pandemic on our society; it also provides a good example of using both ML techniques and statistical modeling and inference to make better use of real-world data.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Social Media , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , Pandemics , Universities , Sentiment Analysis
19.
J Environ Public Health ; 2022: 8471976, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2064341

ABSTRACT

In order to analyze the evolution trend of public opinion in emergencies and explore its evolution law, this paper constructs a network sentiment analysis model based on text clustering, where the emotion analysis part is based on the pretraining BERT model and BiGRU model, in which BERT is used as the word embedding model to extract the feature vector of emotional text and BiGRU is used to extract the context of the text feature vector to accurately identify the sentiment polarity of public opinion data. In addition, the K-means clustering algorithm and Kolmogorov-Smirnov Z test were used to divide the different epidemic stages. Compared with other methods, the model proposed in this paper has a great degree of improvement in accuracy, recall, and F1 score index, which provides an opportunity reference and effective detection means for schools at all levels to carry out timely mental health education and psychological intervention for students.


Subject(s)
Epidemics , Sentiment Analysis , Attitude , Cluster Analysis , Humans , Students
20.
J Med Internet Res ; 24(10): e40408, 2022 10 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2054809

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The emergence of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) and the necessary separation of populations have led to an unprecedented number of new social media users seeking information related to the pandemic. Currently, with an estimated 4.5 billion users worldwide, social media data offer an opportunity for near real-time analysis of large bodies of text related to disease outbreaks and vaccination. These analyses can be used by officials to develop appropriate public health messaging, digital interventions, educational materials, and policies. OBJECTIVE: Our study investigated and compared public sentiment related to COVID-19 vaccines expressed on 2 popular social media platforms-Reddit and Twitter-harvested from January 1, 2020, to March 1, 2022. METHODS: To accomplish this task, we created a fine-tuned DistilRoBERTa model to predict the sentiments of approximately 9.5 million tweets and 70 thousand Reddit comments. To fine-tune our model, our team manually labeled the sentiment of 3600 tweets and then augmented our data set through back-translation. Text sentiment for each social media platform was then classified with our fine-tuned model using Python programming language and the Hugging Face sentiment analysis pipeline. RESULTS: Our results determined that the average sentiment expressed on Twitter was more negative (5,215,830/9,518,270, 54.8%) than positive, and the sentiment expressed on Reddit was more positive (42,316/67,962, 62.3%) than negative. Although the average sentiment was found to vary between these social media platforms, both platforms displayed similar behavior related to the sentiment shared at key vaccine-related developments during the pandemic. CONCLUSIONS: Considering this similar trend in shared sentiment demonstrated across social media platforms, Twitter and Reddit continue to be valuable data sources that public health officials can use to strengthen vaccine confidence and combat misinformation. As the spread of misinformation poses a range of psychological and psychosocial risks (anxiety and fear, etc), there is an urgency in understanding the public perspective and attitude toward shared falsities. Comprehensive educational delivery systems tailored to a population's expressed sentiments that facilitate digital literacy, health information-seeking behavior, and precision health promotion could aid in clarifying such misinformation.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Social Media , Vaccines , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines , Humans , Sentiment Analysis
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