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1.
PLoS One ; 17(3): e0264722, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1714784

ABSTRACT

Understanding vaccine hesitancy is becoming increasingly important, especially after the global outbreak of COVID-19. The main goal of this study was to explore the differences in vaccination conspiracy beliefs between people with a university degree coming from different scientific fields-Social Sciences & Humanities (SH) and Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM). The study was conducted on an online convenience sample of respondents with college and university degrees in Croatia (N = 577). The results revealed that respondents educated in SH proved to be more prone to vaccination conspiracy beliefs. The indirect effect through science literacy was confirmed, while this was not the case for the indirect effects through health beliefs (natural immunity beliefs) and trust in the healthcare system. However, all three variables were important direct predictors of vaccination conspiracy beliefs. Female gender and religiosity were positively correlated with vaccination conspiracy beliefs, while age was not a statistically significant predictor. The authors concluded by emphasizing the necessity of the more theoretically elaborated approaches to the study of the educational and other socio-demographic differences in vaccine hesitancy.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Vaccines/administration & dosage , COVID-19 , Motivation , Religion , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccination , Adult , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Croatia/epidemiology , Female , Humanities , Humans , Male , Social Sciences
4.
Ambio ; 50(10): 1793-1797, 2021 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1549580

ABSTRACT

Research on global environmental change has transformed the way that we think about human-environment relationships and Earth system processes. The four Ambio articles highlighted in this 50th Anniversary Issue have influenced the cultural narrative on environmental change, highlighting concepts such as "resilience," "coupled human and natural systems", and the "Anthropocene." In this peer response, I argue that global change research is still paying insufficient attention to how to deliberately transform systems and cultures to avoid the risks that science itself has warned us about. In particular, global change research has failed to adequately integrate the subjective realm of meaning making into both understanding and action. Although this has been an implicit subtext in global change research, it is time to fully integrate research from the social sciences and environmental humanities.


Subject(s)
Anniversaries and Special Events , Social Sciences , Humans , Salaries and Fringe Benefits
5.
Bull World Health Organ ; 99(11): 834-836, 2021 Nov 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1515516

Subject(s)
Social Sciences , Humans
7.
8.
EMBO Rep ; 22(10): e53834, 2021 10 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1417352

ABSTRACT

From immunology to manufacturing to social science: COVID-19 has been a boon for research and development in many research areas.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , Pandemics , Research , SARS-CoV-2 , Social Sciences
11.
Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos ; 28(4): 1281-1286, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1341559

ABSTRACT

Scientific policy in Brazil has neglected the human and social sciences, especially in terms of investing in research. With the arrival of covid-19, efforts have focused on minimizing the impact of this health crisis on the country's social and economic life. In the scientific arena, this involved research financing and professional qualification grants that prioritized technological areas while restricting opportunities for researchers from the social, human, and artistic sciences. Here we maintain that Brazil's scientific policy is out of step with international scientific development programs, and has a limited view of what science is, as well as its role in the nation's development.


A política científica no Brasil tem negligenciado o papel das áreas humanas e sociais, sobretudo quanto a investimento em pesquisa. Com a pandemia de covid-19, as atenções se voltaram para minimizar o impacto da crise sanitária na vida social e econômica do país. No universo científico, isso se efetivou por meio de editais de fomento a pesquisa e bolsas de qualificação profissional que estabeleceram como prioritárias as áreas tecnológicas, restringindo as oportunidades de pesquisadores de ciências sociais, humanas e artísticas. Argumenta-se aqui que a política científica desenvolvida no Brasil está em descompasso com programas internacionais de desenvolvimento científico, demonstrando uma visão limitada do que é ciência, bem como de seu papel no desenvolvimento de uma nação.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Brazil , Humans , Policy , SARS-CoV-2 , Social Sciences
12.
J Clin Psychol ; 77(12): 2832-2848, 2021 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1340264

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the characteristics of the COVID-19 publications in the ten psychology-related Web of Science categories in the social science citation index 10-month following the COVID-19 outbreak. METHODS: Six publication indicators were examined across authors, institutions, and countries. RESULTS: Analyses showed that the United States has produced the highest number of empirical investigations into the psychological impact of COVID-19, and the majority of the research across all countries was in clinical and psychopathology. Distribution of journals and psychology-related Web of Science categories were analyzed. Frequently used words in article title, author keywords, and KeyWords Plus were also presented. CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that there are substantial clinical implications associated with COVID-19. There are recommendations offered for future research and clinical practice.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Bibliometrics , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Social Sciences , United States
13.
Narrat Inq Bioeth ; 11(1): 29-32, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1337540
15.
BMJ Glob Health ; 5(4)2020 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1311072

ABSTRACT

Social science generates evidence necessary to control epidemics. It can help to craft appropriate public health responses, develop solutions to the epidemic impacts and improve understanding of why the epidemic occurred. Yet, there are practical constraints in undertaking this international research in a way that produces quality, ethical and appropriate data, and that values all voices and experiences, especially those of local researchers and research participants. In this paper, we reflected on the experience of undertaking social science research during the 2015/2016 Zika epidemic in Brazil. This experience was considered from the perspective of this paper's authors: three Brazilian academics, two UK academics and two mothers of children affected by congenital Zika syndrome. This group came together through the conduct of the Social and Economic Impact of Zika study, a mixed-methods social science study. The key findings highlight practical issues in the achievement of three goals: the conduct of high-quality social science in emergencies and efforts towards the decolonisation of global health in terms of levelling the power between Brazilian and UK researchers and optimising the role of patients within research. From our perspective, the information collected through social science was valuable, providing detailed insight into the programmatic needs of mothers and their affected children (eg, economic and social support and mental health services). Social science was considered a low priority within the Zika epidemic despite its potential importance. There were logistical challenges in conducting social science research, foremost of which are the difficulties in developing a trusting and balanced power relationship between the UK and Brazilian researchers in a short time frame. When these issues were overcome, each partner brought unique qualities, making the research stronger. The mothers of affected children expressed dissatisfaction with research, as they were involved in many studies which were not coordinated, and from which they did not see a benefit. In conclusion, the importance of social science in epidemics must continue to be promoted by funders. Funders can also set in place mechanisms to help equalise the power dynamics between foreign and local researchers, researchers and participants, both to promote justice and to create best quality data.


Subject(s)
Epidemics , Zika Virus Infection , Zika Virus , Brazil/epidemiology , Child , Emergencies , Humans , Social Sciences , Zika Virus Infection/epidemiology
16.
Nat Hum Behav ; 5(8): 967, 2021 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1307328
17.
MEDICC Rev ; 22(3): 12-15, 2020 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1305048

ABSTRACT

Science journalism was little known in Cuba when Iramis Alonso wrote her the-sis on the specialized fi eld in 1990. That year, journalism degree from the Uni-versity of Havana in hand, she set off to Cuba's eastern countryside to complete two years of social service reporting for local, regional and national print media. Living in the mountains of Holguín, a typical day for the cub reporter took her to caves, forests and fi elds for stories on the intersection of science, culture and the environment. Alonso credits this formative experience with igniting her passion for investigative and sci-ence journalism, setting her on a unique career path as a journalist and editor specializing in the sciences writ large: climate change, astronomy, mathemat-ics and other hard sciences, engineer-ing, information technologies and social sciences, among others.


Subject(s)
Journalism , Social Sciences , COVID-19 , Career Choice , Cuba , Pandemics/prevention & control , SARS-CoV-2 , Workforce
20.
Health Lit Res Pract ; 5(2): e121-e123, 2021 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1295977
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