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Int J Ment Health Nurs ; 30(1): 102-116, 2021 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-892267


A large-scale survey study was conducted to assess trauma, burnout, posttraumatic growth, and associated factors for nurses in the COVID-19 pandemic. The Trauma Screening Questionnaire, Maslach Burnout Inventory, and Posttraumatic Growth Inventory-Short Form were utilized. Factors associated with trauma, burnout, and posttraumatic growth were analysed using logistic and multiple regressions. In total, 12 596 completed the survey, and 52.3% worked in COVID-19 designated hospitals. At the survey's conclusion in April, 13.3% reported trauma (Trauma ≥ 6), there were moderate degrees of emotional exhaustion, and 4,949 (39.3%) experienced posttraumatic growth. Traumatic response and emotional exhaustion were greater among (i) women (odds ratio [OR]: 1.48, 95% CI 1.12-1.97 P = 0.006; emotional exhaustion OR: 1.30, 95% CI 1.09-1.54, P = 0.003), (ii) critical care units (OR: 1.20, 95% CI 1.06-1.35, P = 0.004; emotional exhaustion OR: 1.23, 95% CI 1.12-1.33, P < 0.001) (iii) COVID-19 designated hospital (OR: 1.24, 95% CI 1.11-1.38; P < 0.001; emotional exhaustion OR: 1.26, 95% CI 1.17-1.36; P < 0.001) and (iv) COVID-19-related departments (OR: 1.16, 95% CI 1.04-1.29, P = 0.006, emotional exhaustion only). To date, this is the first large-scale study to report the rates of trauma and burnout for nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic. The study indicates that nurses who identified as women, working in ICUs, COVID-19 designated hospitals, and departments involved with treating COVID-19 patients had higher scores in mental health outcomes. Future research can focus on the factors the study has identified that could lead to more effective prevention and treatment strategies for adverse health outcomes and better use of resources to promote positive outcomes.

Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , Burnout, Professional/nursing , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/nursing , Nurses/psychology , Nurses/statistics & numerical data , Posttraumatic Growth, Psychological , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/epidemiology , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/nursing , Adult , Burnout, Professional/psychology , COVID-19/psychology , Critical Care Nursing/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Health Surveys , Humans , Male , Personality Inventory , Sex Factors , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/psychology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Taiwan
NASN Sch Nurse ; 36(5): 258-263, 2021 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-760331


Mental illness is common, and its severity ranges from subclinical to severe, where the condition affects daily social and academic functioning. Because of its ubiquity, it is necessary that school nurses have an enhanced understanding of some of the mental health conditions that children and adolescents may be facing. As will be discussed, some mental health concerns present with somatic symptoms that may bring the student into the school nurse's office. If the nurse identifies mental health symptoms, he or she may be able to intervene, provide support, and direct the student for further management if necessary. This article will focus on anxiety in general before focusing on specific anxiety disorders, including posttraumatic stress disorder. We will begin by defining these conditions and then move into discussing potential present-day stressors, such as fear and anxiety associated with the recent coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, and screening tools before closing with some suggestions for practice and a case wrap-up.

Anxiety Disorders/nursing , COVID-19/psychology , Nursing Staff/education , School Nursing/education , School Nursing/standards , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/diagnosis , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/nursing , Students/psychology , Adolescent , Adult , Anxiety Disorders/diagnosis , Child , Curriculum , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Practice Guidelines as Topic , SARS-CoV-2