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J Cell Mol Med ; 25(22): 10554-10564, 2021 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1462824


Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is the most common cause of death in COVID-19 patients. The cytokine storm is the main driver of the severity and magnitude of ARDS. Placenta-derived decidua stromal cells (DSCs) have a stronger immunosuppressive effect than other sources of mesenchymal stromal cells. Safety and efficacy study included 10 patients with a median age of 50 (range 14-68) years with COVID-19-induced ARDS. DSCs were administered 1-2 times at a dose of 1 × 106 /kg. End points were safety and efficacy by survival, oxygenation and effects on levels of cytokines. Oxygenation levels increased from a median of 80.5% (range 69-88) to 95% (range 78-99) (p = 0.012), and pulmonary infiltrates disappeared in all patients. Levels of IL-6 decreased from a median of 69.3 (range 35.0-253.4) to 11 (range 4.0-38.3) pg/ml (p = 0.018), and CRP decreased from 69 (range 5-169) to 6 (range 2-31) mg/ml (p = 0.028). Two patients died, one of a myocardial infarction and the other of multiple organ failure, diagnosed before the DSC therapy. The other patients recovered and left the intensive care unit (ICU) within a median of 6 (range 3-12) days. DSC therapy is safe and capable of improving oxygenation, decreasing inflammatory cytokine level and clearing pulmonary infiltrates in patients with COVID-19.

COVID-19 Drug Treatment , Cell Transplantation/methods , Cytokine Release Syndrome/therapy , Respiratory Distress Syndrome/virology , Stromal Cells/transplantation , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/therapy , Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Cytokine Release Syndrome/etiology , Cytokines/blood , Female , Humans , Length of Stay , Male , Middle Aged , Placenta/cytology , Pregnancy , Respiratory Distress Syndrome/therapy , Stromal Cells/physiology , Treatment Outcome
Expert Opin Biol Ther ; 20(11): 1283-1292, 2020 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-791799


INTRODUCTION: Adipose-derived stromal cells (ADSCs) can be an important alternative in COVID-19 prevention, treatment, and subsequent sequelae repair. However, ACE-2 plays a common role in the pathogenesis of adipocyte hypertrophy and COVID 19. AREAS COVERED: In this 'Perspective,' the author would like to emphasize the use of adipose tissue-derived stromal cells in COVID 19 and the issues that clinicians should pay attention to in fat graft applications in terms of adipose tissue-RAS relationship. The new normal for adipose tissue in COVID 19 will be highlighted. EXPERT OPINION: ADSCs may potentially be used in COVID-19. However, it has been speculated that ACE2 receptors are responsible for the pathogenesis of adipose tissue overgrowth and may be a potential danger in terms of the relationship between ACE2 receptors and COVID19. We speculate that reducing the size of overgrown fat tissue by ultra-sharp blades and using near-normal adipocytes will create a 'new normal.'

Adipose Tissue/metabolism , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , Adipose Tissue/cytology , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2 , Animals , Betacoronavirus/isolation & purification , COVID-19 , Cell Differentiation , Coronavirus Infections/pathology , Coronavirus Infections/virology , Humans , Pandemics , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A/metabolism , Pneumonia, Viral/pathology , Pneumonia, Viral/virology , Renin-Angiotensin System , SARS-CoV-2 , Stromal Cells/cytology , Stromal Cells/metabolism , Stromal Cells/transplantation