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Anal Chem ; 94(42): 14761-14768, 2022 10 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2062140


Antibody drugs have been rapidly developed to cure many diseases including COVID-19 infection. Silicone oil is commonly used as a lubricant coating material for devices used in the pharmaceutical industry to store and administer antibody drug formulations. However, the interaction between silicone oil and antibody molecules could lead to the adsorption, denaturation, and aggregation of antibody molecules, impacting the efficacy of antibody drugs. Here, we studied the molecular interactions between antibodies and silicone oil in situ in real time. The effect of the surfactant on such interactions was also investigated. Specifically, the adsorption dynamics of a bispecific antibody (BsAb) onto a silicone oil surface without and with different concentrations of the surfactant PS80 in antibody solutions were monitored. Also the possible lowest effective PS80 concentrations that can prevent the adsorption of BsAb as well as a monoclonal antibody (mAb) onto silicone oil were measured. It was found that different concentrations of PS80 are required for preventing the adsorption of different antibodies. Both BsAB and mAB denature on silicone oil without a surfactant. However, for a low surfactant concentration in the solution, although the surfactant could not completely prevent the antibody from adsorption, it could maintain the native structures of adsorbed BsAb and mAb antibodies on silicone oil. This is important knowledge, showing that to prevent antibody aggregation on silicone oil it is not necessary to add surfactant to a concentration high enough to completely minimize protein adsorption.

Antibodies, Bispecific , COVID-19 , Humans , Silicone Oils/chemistry , Surface-Active Agents/chemistry , Excipients/chemistry , Adsorption , Antibodies, Monoclonal/chemistry , Lubricants
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 11546, 2022 07 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1921709


The COVID-19 pandemic motivated research on antiviral filtration used in personal protective equipment and HVAC systems. In this research, three coating compositions of NaCl, Tween 20 surfactant, and NaCl-Tween 20 were examined on polypropylene spun-bond filters. The pressure drop, coverage, and crystal size of the coating methods and compositions were measured. Also, in vitro plaque assays of the Phi6 Bacteriophage on Pseudomonas syringae as a simulation of an enveloped respiratory virus was performed to investigate the antiviral properties of the coating. NaCl and NaCl-Tween 20 increased the pressure drop in the range of 40-50 Pa for a loading of 5 mg/cm2. Tween 20 has shown an impact on the pressure drop as low as 10 Pa and made the filter surface more hydrophilic which kept the virus droplets on the surface. The NaCl-Tween 20 coated samples could inactivate 108 plaque forming units (PFU) of virus in two hours of incubation. Tween 20 coated filters with loading as low as 0.2 mg/cm2 reduced the activity of 108 PFU of virus from 109 to 102 PFU/mL after 2 h of incubation. NaCl-coated samples with a salt loading of 15 mg/cm2 could not have antiviral properties higher than reducing the viral activity from 109 to 105 PFU/mL in 4 h of incubation.

Antiviral Agents , Polysorbates , SARS-CoV-2 , Sodium Chloride , Surface-Active Agents , Antiviral Agents/pharmacology , Lipoproteins , Polysorbates/chemistry , Polysorbates/pharmacology , Prospective Studies , RNA, Viral , SARS-CoV-2/drug effects , Sodium Chloride/pharmacology , Surface-Active Agents/chemistry , Surface-Active Agents/pharmacology
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(12)2022 Jun 14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1911401


The virucidal activity of a series of cationic surfactants differing in the length and number of hydrophobic tails (at the same hydrophilic head) and the structure of the hydrophilic head (at the same length of the hydrophobic n-alkyl tail) was compared. It was shown that an increase in the length and number of hydrophobic tails, as well as the presence of a benzene ring in the surfactant molecule, enhance the virucidal activity of the surfactant against SARS-CoV-2. This may be due to the more pronounced ability of such surfactants to penetrate and destroy the phospholipid membrane of the virus. Among the cationic surfactants studied, didodecyldimethylammonium bromide was shown to be the most efficient as a disinfectant, its 50% effective concentration (EC50) being equal to 0.016 mM. Two surfactants (didodecyldimethylammonium bromide and benzalkonium chloride) can deactivate SARS-CoV-2 in as little as 5 s.

COVID-19 Drug Treatment , Disinfectants , Disinfectants/chemistry , Disinfectants/pharmacology , Humans , Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions , SARS-CoV-2 , Surface-Active Agents/chemistry , Surface-Active Agents/pharmacology