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1.
J Assoc Physicians India ; 71(2): 11-12, 2023 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20235876

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in adults (MIS-A) is an emergent heterogenous clinical syndrome seen in the convalescent phase of COVID-19 infection. MIS in children (MIS-C) is a rare but severe post-COVID-19 illness that has been recognized by the WHO and the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). It introduced a similar illness in adults based on multiple case series, identified as MIS-A. OBJECTIVE: We present four rare cases of multiorgan inflammatory syndrome in adults (MI-A) presented in Goa Medical College (Tertiary Medical Institute). We would like to highlight the diversity of presentation of symptoms with a significant history of previous covid infection, laboratory abnormalities, the clinical course of the disease, treatment strategies, and response and follow-up findings. We seek to highlight the emergence of a serious clinical entity that can be fatal if not diagnosed or treated promptly. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a descriptive study conducted in Goa Medical College from June 2021 to November 2021. A systematic search in the Department of General Medicine, the Department of Medical Records, and data from ICU, ITU, and critical covid wards were collected. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: A total of four cases fulfilling the criteria for MIS-A as per MMWR (CDC 2020)were included, ranging from the age group of 29-70 years. All had features of severe systemic inflammatory response with multiple organ dysfunction and elevated proinflammatory markers. All four patients had a recent history of (mild) COVID-19 infection. Hence, in the current pandemic scenario, MIS-A should be considered as a possible diagnosis in patients with recent COVID infection presenting with MODS, when the obvious septic cause is excluded through thorough clinical, physical, serological, laboratory, and radiological investigations. However, the presence of a past covid infection may not be an absolute criterion due to mild symptoms of the primary covid infection which usually go unnoticed resulting in nontesting.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Connective Tissue Diseases , Adult , Aged , Child , Humans , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2 , Syndrome , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/diagnosis , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/therapy
3.
Front Immunol ; 14: 1144224, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20233158

ABSTRACT

Background: Deep metabolomic, proteomic and immunologic phenotyping of patients suffering from an infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) have matched a wide diversity of clinical symptoms with potential biomarkers for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Several studies have described the role of small as well as complex molecules such as metabolites, cytokines, chemokines and lipoproteins during infection and in recovered patients. In fact, after an acute SARS-CoV-2 viral infection almost 10-20% of patients experience persistent symptoms post 12 weeks of recovery defined as long-term COVID-19 syndrome (LTCS) or long post-acute COVID-19 syndrome (PACS). Emerging evidence revealed that a dysregulated immune system and persisting inflammation could be one of the key drivers of LTCS. However, how these biomolecules altogether govern pathophysiology is largely underexplored. Thus, a clear understanding of how these parameters within an integrated fashion could predict the disease course would help to stratify LTCS patients from acute COVID-19 or recovered patients. This could even allow to elucidation of a potential mechanistic role of these biomolecules during the disease course. Methods: This study comprised subjects with acute COVID-19 (n=7; longitudinal), LTCS (n=33), Recov (n=12), and no history of positive testing (n=73). 1H-NMR-based metabolomics with IVDr standard operating procedures verified and phenotyped all blood samples by quantifying 38 metabolites and 112 lipoprotein properties. Univariate and multivariate statistics identified NMR-based and cytokine changes. Results: Here, we report on an integrated analysis of serum/plasma by NMR spectroscopy and flow cytometry-based cytokines/chemokines quantification in LTCS patients. We identified that in LTCS patients lactate and pyruvate were significantly different from either healthy controls (HC) or acute COVID-19 patients. Subsequently, correlation analysis in LTCS group only among cytokines and amino acids revealed that histidine and glutamine were uniquely attributed mainly with pro-inflammatory cytokines. Of note, triglycerides and several lipoproteins (apolipoproteins Apo-A1 and A2) in LTCS patients demonstrate COVID-19-like alterations compared with HC. Interestingly, LTCS and acute COVID-19 samples were distinguished mostly by their phenylalanine, 3-hydroxybutyrate (3-HB) and glucose concentrations, illustrating an imbalanced energy metabolism. Most of the cytokines and chemokines were present at low levels in LTCS patients compared with HC except for IL-18 chemokine, which tended to be higher in LTCS patients. Conclusion: The identification of these persisting plasma metabolites, lipoprotein and inflammation alterations will help to better stratify LTCS patients from other diseases and could help to predict ongoing severity of LTCS patients.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , Cytokines , SARS-CoV-2 , Triglycerides , Proteomics , Inflammation , Chemokines , Syndrome , Apolipoproteins , Lipoproteins
5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 48(10): 2606-2612, 2023 May.
Article in Chinese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20244902

ABSTRACT

Xiao Chaihu Decoction combined with Maxing Shigan Decoction is a classic herbal formula. All of them are derived from Treatise on Cold Damage(Shang Han Lun) by ZHANG Zhong-jing. This combination has the effects of harmonizing lesser yang, relieving exterior syndrome, clearing lung heat, and relieving panting. It is mainly used for treating the disease involving the triple-Yang combination of diseases and accumulation of pathogenic heat in the lung. Xiao Chaihu Decoction combined with Maxing Shigan Decoction is a classic combination for the treatment of exogenous diseases involving the triple-Yang combination. They are commonly used in exogenous diseases, especially in the north of China. This combination is also the main treatment strategy for coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) accompanied by fever and cough. Maxing Shigan Decoction is a classical herbal formula for treating the syndrome of phlegm-heat obstructing the lung. "Dyspnea after sweating" suggests the accumulation of pathogenic heat in the lung. Patients with mild symptoms may develop cough and asthma along with forehead sweating, and those in critical severe may develop whole-body sweating, especially the front chest. Modern medicine believes that the above situation is related to lung infection. "Mild fever" refers to syndromes rather than pathogenesis. It does not mean that the heat syndrome is not heavy, instead, it suggests that severe heat and inflammation have occurred. The indications of Xiao Chaihu Decoction combined with Maxing Shigan Decoction are as follows.(1) In terms of diseases, it is suitable for the treatment of viral pneumonia, bronchopneumonia, lobar pneumonia, mycoplasma pneumonia, COVID-19 infection, measles with pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome(SARS), avian influenza, H1N1 influenza, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with acute exacerbation, pertussis, and other influenza and pneumonia.(2) In terms of syndromes, it can be used for the syndromes of bitter mouth, dry pharynx, vertigo, loss of appetite, vexation, vomiting, and fullness and discomfort in the chest and hypochondrium. It can also be used to treat alternate attacks of chill and fever and different degrees of fever, as well as chest tightness, cough, asthma, expectoration, dry mouth, wanting cold drinks, feeling agitated, sweating, yellow urine, dry stool, red tongue, yellow or white fur, and floating, smooth, and powerful pulse, especially the right wrist pulse.


Subject(s)
Asthma , COVID-19 , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype , Influenza, Human , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Animals , Humans , Cough , Syndrome , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Lung , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/drug therapy , Critical Care , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
6.
Eur J Med Genet ; 66(7): 104754, 2023 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20242570

ABSTRACT

Phelan-McDermid syndrome (PMS) is an infrequently described syndrome that presents with a disturbed development, neurological and psychiatric characteristics, and sometimes other comorbidities. As part of the development of European medical guidelines we studied the definition, phenotype, genotype-phenotype characteristics, and natural history of the syndrome. The number of confirmed diagnoses of PMS in different European countries was also assessed and it could be concluded that PMS is underdiagnosed. The incidence of PMS in European countries is estimated to be at least 1 in 30,000. Next generation sequencing, including analysis of copy number variations, as first tier in diagnostics of individuals with intellectual disability will likely yield a larger number of individuals with PMS than presently known. A definition of PMS by its phenotype is at the present not possible, and therefore PMS-SHANK3 related is defined by the presence of SHANK3 haploinsufficiency, either by a deletion involving region 22q13.2-33 or a pathogenic/likely pathogenic variant in SHANK3. In summarizing the phenotype, we subdivided it into that of individuals with a 22q13 deletion and that of those with a pathogenic/likely pathogenic SHANK3 variant. The phenotype of individuals with PMS is variable, depending in part on the deletion size or whether only a variant of SHANK3 is present. The core phenotype in the domains development, neurology, and senses are similar in those with deletions and SHANK3 variants, but individuals with a SHANK3 variant more often are reported to have behavioural disorders and less often urogenital malformations and lymphedema. The behavioural disorders may, however, be a less outstanding feature in individuals with deletions accompanied by more severe intellectual disability. Data available on the natural history are limited. Results of clinical trials using IGF-1, intranasal insulin, and oxytocin are available, other trials are in progress. The present guidelines for PMS aim at offering tools to caregivers and families to provide optimal care to individuals with PMS.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Disorders , Intellectual Disability , Humans , DNA Copy Number Variations , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Intellectual Disability/complications , Nerve Tissue Proteins/genetics , Chromosome Disorders/diagnosis , Chromosome Disorders/genetics , Chromosome Disorders/pathology , Chromosome Deletion , Phenotype , Syndrome , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 22/genetics
7.
BMJ Case Rep ; 16(5)2023 May 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20240668

ABSTRACT

A man in his mid-30s presented to the emergency department with a 1-week history of fatigue, loss of appetite, fever and productive (yellow) cough. This progressed to requiring admission to intensive care needing a oxygen therapy via high-flow nasal cannula for acute hypoxaemic respiratory failure. He had recently started vortioxetine for major depressive disorder, and his acute symptoms correlated with an increase in the dose of vortioxetine. For more than 20 years, rare but consistent reports of serotonergic medications have been implicated in eosinophilic pulmonary conditions. During this same period, serotonergic medications have become a mainstay solution for a wide range of depressive symptoms and disorders. This is the first report of an eosinophilic pneumonia-like syndrome occurring while consuming the novel serotonergic medication vortioxetine.


Subject(s)
Depressive Disorder, Major , Pulmonary Eosinophilia , Respiratory Insufficiency , Male , Humans , Vortioxetine/adverse effects , Depressive Disorder, Major/drug therapy , Depressive Disorder, Major/diagnosis , Pulmonary Eosinophilia/chemically induced , Pulmonary Eosinophilia/diagnosis , Pulmonary Eosinophilia/drug therapy , Syndrome , Respiratory Insufficiency/chemically induced , Respiratory Insufficiency/therapy
8.
BMC Nephrol ; 24(1): 115, 2023 04 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2327428

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Symptom networks can provide empirical evidence for the development of personalized and precise symptom management strategies. However, few studies have established networks of symptoms experienced by older patients on maintenance hemodialysis. Our goal was to examine the type of symptom clusters of older maintenance hemodialysis patients during dialysis and construct a symptom network to understand the symptom characteristics of this population. METHODS: The modified Dialysis Symptom Index was used for a cross-sectional survey. Network analysis was used to analyze the symptom network and node characteristics, and factor analysis was used to examine symptom clusters. RESULTS: A total of 167 participants were included in this study. The participants included 111 men and 56 women with a mean age of 70.05 ± 7.40. The symptom burdens with the highest scores were dry skin, dry mouth, itching, and trouble staying asleep. Five symptom clusters were obtained from exploratory factor analysis, of which the clusters with the most severe symptom burdens were the gastrointestinal discomfort symptom cluster, sleep disorder symptom cluster, skin discomfort symptom cluster, and mood symptom cluster. Based on centrality markers, it could be seen that feeling nervous and trouble staying asleep had the highest strength, and feeling nervous and feeling irritable had the highest closeness and betweenness. CONCLUSIONS: Hemodialysis patients have a severe symptom burden and multiple symptom clusters. Dry skin, itching, and dry mouth are sentinel symptoms in the network model; feeling nervous and trouble staying asleep are core symptoms of patients; feeling nervous and feeling irritable are bridge symptoms in this symptom network model. Clinical staff can formulate precise and efficient symptom management protocols for patients by using the synergistic effects of symptoms in the symptom clusters based on sentinel symptoms, core symptoms, and bridge symptoms.


Subject(s)
Anxiety , Renal Dialysis , Male , Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Cross-Sectional Studies , Syndrome , Patients
9.
Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova ; 123(4): 53-58, 2023.
Article in Russian | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2322425

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study clinico-psychological profile and life quality of patients with post-COVID syndrome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We examined 162 patients aged 24-60 years with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection which having symptoms that served as the basis for the diagnosis of post-COVID syndrome. Patients underwent general neurological and somatic examination with allocation of the corresponding neurological syndromes. The intensity and quality of pain were assessed using the McGill Pain questionnaire. The level of psychosocial stress was determined by the Holmes-Ray questionnaire, the identification and severity of asthenia - by the MFI-20 asthenia scale. The level of reactive and personal anxiety was studied according to the Spielberger-Khanin questionnaire, depression - according to the Beck scale. The assessment of life quality was carried out using the Russian version of SF-36 questionnaire. To correct the identified disorders, Mexidol was used according to the scheme: 500 mg once daily intravenously for 14 days, followed by Mexidol FORTE 250 750 mg per day orally (250 mg 3 times a day) for 2 months. RESULTS: The course of treatment with Mexidol in patients with post-COVID syndrome led to decrease in the severity of subjective and objective symptoms, asthenic, anxiety and depressive disorders, and improved the life quality of patients. CONCLUSION: The high efficacy and safety of sequential therapy with Mexidol (injections followed by tablets of Mexidol FORTE 250) has been shown.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia , COVID-19 , Humans , Brain Ischemia/psychology , COVID-19/complications , Asthenia , Syndrome , SARS-CoV-2 , Quality of Life
10.
Folia Med (Plovdiv) ; 65(2): 305-310, 2023 Apr 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2317757

ABSTRACT

Autoimmune polyglandular syndromes (APS) are rare disorders characterized by the coexistence of endocrine and non-endocrine dysfunctions mediated by autoimmune mechanisms. Autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 1 is defined as coexistence of chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis, hypoparathyroidism, and autoimmune adrenal insufficiency. Addison's disease as the obligatory component is potentially life threatening.Herein, we demonstrate a case of a 44-year-old woman with APS-1 (hypoparathyroidism, adrenal insufficiency, hypergonadotropic hypogonadism) and SARS-CoV-2-induced adrenal crisis. The patient presented with the typical manifestations of hypotensive shock, electrolyte disturbances of hyponatremia and hyperkalemia, and hypoglycaemia.Our case report illustrates the increased risk of severe course of COVID-19 in APS-1 syndrome patients along with heightened exposure to medical complications. The case reinforced the significance of a timely diagnosis, appropriate treatment, and education of patients with such a rare condition like APS-1.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Insufficiency , COVID-19 , Hypoparathyroidism , Polyendocrinopathies, Autoimmune , Female , Humans , Adult , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/complications , Polyendocrinopathies, Autoimmune/complications , Polyendocrinopathies, Autoimmune/diagnosis , Adrenal Insufficiency/complications , Adrenal Insufficiency/diagnosis , Syndrome , Acute Disease , Rare Diseases , Hypoparathyroidism/complications
11.
Minerva Pediatr (Torino) ; 74(5): 600-608, 2022 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2309688

ABSTRACT

Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) associated with Severe Acute Respiratory Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) usually develops 1-1.5 months after mild or asymptomatic COVID-19 in countries with high incidence. MIS-C has a polymorphism of clinical manifestations, which include prolonged fever, polymorphic rash, non-purulent conjunctivitis, pneumonia complicated by distress syndrome, myocarditis, coronary artery disease, toxic shock syndrome, limb edema, polyserositis, severe abdominal syndrome with diarrhea and others. Establishing this diagnosis requires significant efforts to rule out diseases of other etiology. The aim of our study was to analyze the clinical and laboratory features of children with MIS-C associated with SARS-CoV-2 and severe abdominal syndrome. Six children with MIS-C associated with SARS-CoV-2 and severe abdominal syndrome were hospitalized in Lviv Regional Children's Clinical Hospital "OHMATDYT", Ukraine, from April 2020 to September 2021. For differential diagnosis IgM, IgG to SARS-CoV-2 by ELISA, RNA to SARS-CoV-2 by PCR, bacteriological tests of blood, urine and feces were performed. Furthermore, the diagnostic work up included chest radiography, echocardiography, ultrasound of the lungs and abdominal organs. Laboratory findings revealed an increase in the normal value of inflammatory markers and high levels of IgG to SARS-CoV-2. Administration of intravenous immunoglobulin at a dose of 1 to 2 g/kg body weight per day prevented further coronary artery disease in patients and provided regression in already affected coronary arteries. At the same time, regression of abdominal syndrome was observed. Early diagnosis of MIS-C in patients with SARS-CoV-2 and severe abdominal syndrome allows to define the appropriate treatment strategy.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Coronary Artery Disease , Child , Humans , COVID-19/diagnosis , SARS-CoV-2 , Ukraine/epidemiology , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous , Syndrome
12.
Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am ; 34(3): 563-572, 2023 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2308812

ABSTRACT

Persistence of symptoms beyond the initial acute phase of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) is termed postacute SARS-CoV-2 (PASC) and includes neurologic, autonomic, pulmonary, cardiac, psychiatric, gastrointestinal, and functional impairment. PASC autonomic dysfunction can present with dizziness, tachycardia, sweating, headache, syncope, labile blood pressure, exercise intolerance, and "brain fog." A multidisciplinary team can help manage this complex syndrome with nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic interventions.


Subject(s)
Autonomic Nervous System Diseases , COVID-19 , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/complications , Autonomic Nervous System Diseases/diagnosis , Autonomic Nervous System Diseases/etiology , Autonomic Nervous System Diseases/therapy , Syncope , Syndrome
13.
J Investig Med High Impact Case Rep ; 11: 23247096231166672, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2305300

ABSTRACT

We present an adolescent male with a single intracardiac mass and pulmonary emboli, complicated by peripheral venous thrombosis and subsequent development of pulmonary pseudoaneurysms, leading to diagnosis of Hughes-Stovin syndrome. Remission was achieved with cyclophosphamide, corticosteroids, and pseudoaneurysm resection and maintained with infliximab and methotrexate.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm, False , Aneurysm , Thrombosis , Vasculitis , Male , Humans , Adolescent , Aneurysm, False/complications , Aneurysm, False/therapy , Syndrome , Pulmonary Artery , Aneurysm/complications , Aneurysm/diagnosis , Vasculitis/complications , Thrombosis/drug therapy , Thrombosis/etiology
14.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 18(1): 158, 2023 Apr 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2303639

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Nearly half of the patients with hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) have cardiovascular involvement, a major cause of mortality. COVID-19 infection can lead to cardiac involvement, negatively impacting the clinical course and prognosis. We reported two patients with HES complicated by COVID-19, with cardiac involvement and valve replacement. CASE PRESENTATION: Our first patient was a 27-year-old woman admitted due to dyspnea and signs of heart failure. She had severe mitral stenosis and mitral regurgitation on the echocardiogram. Corticosteroid therapy improved her symptoms initially, but she deteriorated following a positive COVID-19 test. A repeated echocardiogram showed right ventricular failure, severe mitral regurgitation, and torrential tricuspid regurgitation and, she underwent mitral and tricuspid valve replacement. Our second patient was a 43-year-old man with HES resulted in severe tricuspid stenosis, which was improved with corticosteroid treatment. He underwent tricuspid valve replacement due to severe valvular regurgitation. He was admitted again following tricuspid prosthetic mechanical valve thrombosis. Initial workups revealed lung involvement in favor of COVID-19 infection, and his PCR test was positive. CONCLUSION: COVID-19 infection can change the clinical course of HES. It may result in a heart failure exacerbation due to myocardial injury and an increased risk of thrombosis in prosthetic valves or native vessels due to hypercoagulability.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Heart Failure , Heart Valve Diseases , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Mitral Valve Insufficiency , Thrombosis , Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency , Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Mitral Valve Insufficiency/etiology , Mitral Valve Insufficiency/surgery , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/methods , COVID-19/complications , Heart Valve Diseases/surgery , Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency/etiology , Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency/surgery , Syndrome , Heart Failure/surgery , Thrombosis/etiology , Disease Progression , Heart Valve Prosthesis/adverse effects
15.
J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus ; 59(1): 65-66, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2285790

Subject(s)
Eye , Child , Humans , Syndrome
16.
Rinsho Shinkeigaku ; 62(6): 487-491, 2022 Jun 24.
Article in Japanese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2283342

ABSTRACT

A 48-year-old Japanese man who had no previous medical history received his first dose of the ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 vaccine. Ten days after the vaccine administration, he developed a headache. Laboratory results indicated throm-bocytopenia and DIC. A head CT revealed microbleeding in the left parietal lobe. Contrast-enhanced CT showed thrombus in the left transverse sinus and left sigmoid sinus. A brain MRI demonstrated venous hemorrhagic infarction and subarachnoid hemorrhages in the left parietal lobe, and whole-body enhanced CT also revealed portal vein embolism and renal infarction. He was diagnosed with thrombosis with thrombocytopenia syndrome, and was treated according to the guideline. He has been recovering with the treatments. This is the first reported case of TTS associated with the ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 vaccine in Japan.


Subject(s)
Thrombocytopenia , Thrombosis , ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 , Humans , Infarction , Male , Middle Aged , Syndrome , Thrombocytopenia/etiology , Vaccination/adverse effects
17.
Neonatology ; 119(4): 405-417, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2280783

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in neonates (MIS-N) related to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) has increasingly been reported worldwide amid the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and CINAHL and preprint servers (BioRxiv.org and MedRxiv.org) using a specified strategy integrating Medical Subject Headings terms and keywords until October 20, 2021. Our aim was to systematically review demographic profiles, clinical features, laboratory parameters, complications, treatments, and outcomes of neonates with MIS-N. Studies were selected when fulfilling the inclusion criteria. Articles were included if they fulfilled the World Health Organization (WHO), Centers for Disease Control (CDC) definitions of MIS-C, or our proposed definition. RESULTS: Sixteen reports of MIS-N including 47 neonates meeting MIS-N criteria were identified. Presentation included cardiovascular compromise (77%), respiratory involvement (55%), and fever in (36%). Eighty-three percent of patients received steroids, and 76% received immunoglobulin. Respiratory support was provided to 60% of patients and inotropes to 45% of patients. Five (11%) neonates died. CONCLUSION: The common presentation of MIS-N included cardiorespiratory compromise with the possibility of high mortality. Neonates with MIS-N related to SARS-CoV-2 may be at higher risk of adverse outcomes.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/therapy , Fever , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pandemics , Syndrome , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/diagnosis , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/epidemiology , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/therapy
18.
Arch Bronconeumol ; 58(7): 533-535, 2022 07.
Article in English, Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2269908
19.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 34(12): 1330-1332, 2022 Dec.
Article in Chinese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2288630

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the distribution characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndromes in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in plateau areas, and to provide theoretical basis for further clinical treatment of patients with COVID-19. METHODS: From August 9 to August 24, 2022, patients with COVID-19 admitted to the Third People's Hospital of Tibet Autonomous Region (designated hospital for COVID-19) were included, and their baseline characteristics (age, gender, source), clinical classification and distribution of TCM syndrome types were collected and analyzed. Data analysis was performed using SPSS 26.0 statistical software. RESULTS: A total of 161 COVID-19 patients were enrolled with ethnic distribution: 124 (77.02%) Tibetans, 35 (21.74%) Han, and 2 (1.24%) Hui, 68 males and 93 females. The male-to-female ratio was 0.73:1. Aged 1 to 94 years, the average age was (39.06±23.64) years old, of which 4 patients were under 1 year old (excluded because the information was missing). A total of 157 patients were enrolled, and 124 patients (78.9%) were under 60 years old, including 120 cases of common type, 4 cases of severe type, 0 cases of critical type, 7 cases over 80 years old, 1 case over 90 years old, and 32 cases under 18 years old. The clinical manifestations of the patient are mainly cough, expectoration, fever, aversion to cold, dry throat, headache, fatigue, running nose, dry mouth, bitter mouth, etc. Most of the tongue is pale, red, and white greasy moss or thin white coating. In TCM, the most common syndrome was cold-dampness blocking lung syndrome (99 cases, 63.06%), followed by cold-dampness stagnant lung syndrome (22 cases, 14.01%), damp-heat accumulating lung syndrome (22 cases, 14.01%), and humidity stagnant lung syndrome (11 cases, 7.01%). Syndromes of epidemic (2 cases, 1.27%), epidemic toxins blocking the lung pattern (1 cases, 0.64%), toxins with dryness intense heat in both qi and ying phases pattern (0 cases) accounted for less than 2%, and the distribution of various syndrome types in COVID-19 patients was uneven (χ 2 = 0.48, P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The most common TCM syndromes of COVID-19 patients in Lhasa are cold-dampness blocking lung syndrome, followed by cold-dampness stagnant lung syndrome, damp-heat accumulating lung syndrome, and humidity stagnant lung syndrome.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Epidemics , Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Infant , East Asian People , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Syndrome
20.
J Investig Med ; 71(3): 244-253, 2023 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2287335

ABSTRACT

The hyperinflammatory immune response in severe COVID-19 infection shares features with secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (sHLH) in the form of fever, cytopenia, elevated inflammatory markers, and high mortality. There are contrasting opinions regarding utility of HLH 2004 or HScore in the diagnosis of severe COVID-19-related hyperinflammatory syndrome (COVID-HIS). This was a retrospective study of 47 patients of severe COVID-19 infection, suspected to have COVID-HIS and 22 patients of sHLH to other illnesses, to evaluate the diagnostic utility and limitations of HLH 2004 and/or HScore in context to COVID-HIS and to also evaluate the utility of Temple criteria for predicting severity and outcome in COVID-HIS. Clinical findings, hematological, and biochemical parameters along with the predictor of mortality were compared between two groups. Only 6.4% (3/47) of cases fulfilled ≥5/8 HLH 2004 criteria and only 40.52% (19/47) of patients showed HScore >169 in COVID-HIS group. 65.9% (31/47) satisfied the Temple criteria in COVID-HIS as compared with 40.9% (9/22) in the non-COVID group (p = 0.04). Serum ferritin (p = 0.02), lactate dehydrogenase (p = 0.02), direct bilirubin (p = 0.02), and C-reactive protein (p = 0.03) were associated with mortality in COVID-HIS. Both HScore and HLH-2004 criteria perform poorly for identifying COVID-HIS. Presence of bone marrow hemophagocytosis may help to identify about one-third of COVID-HIS missed by the Temple Criteria.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic , Humans , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic/complications , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic/diagnosis , COVID-19/complications , Retrospective Studies , Syndrome , C-Reactive Protein
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