Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 2 de 2
Add filters

Document Type
Year range
Vet Microbiol ; 273: 109544, 2022 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2028561


Autophagy-related 4B (ATG4B) is found to exert a vital function in viral replication, although the mechanism through which ATG4B activates type-I IFN signaling to hinder viral replication remains to be explained, so far. The current work revealed that ATG4B was downregulated in porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV)-infected LLC-PK1 cells. In addition, ATG4B overexpression inhibited PEDV replication in both Vero cells and LLC-PK1 cells. On the contrary, ATG4B knockdown facilitated PEDV replication. Moreover, ATG4B was observed to hinder PEDV replication by activating type-I IFN signaling. Further detailed analysis revealed that the ATG4B protein targeted and upregulated the TRAF3 protein to induce IFN expression via the TRAF3-pTBK1-pIRF3 pathway. The above data revealed a novel mechanism underlying the ATG4B-mediated viral restriction, thereby providing novel possibilities for preventing and controlling PEDV.

Coronavirus Infections , Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus , Swine Diseases , Animals , Chlorocebus aethiops , Coronavirus Infections/veterinary , Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus/genetics , Signal Transduction , Swine , TNF Receptor-Associated Factor 3/genetics , Vero Cells , Virus Replication
J Gen Virol ; 103(5)2022 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1831591


Infection with the porcine epidemic diarrhoea virus (PEDV) causes severe enteric disease in suckling piglets, causing massive economic losses in the swine industry worldwide. Tripartite motif-containing 56 (TRIM56) has been shown to augment type I IFN response, but whether it affects PEDV replication remains uncharacterized. Here we investigated the role of TRIM56 in Marc-145 cells during PEDV infection. We found that TRIM56 expression was upregulated in cells infected with PEDV. Overexpression of TRIM56 effectively reduced PEDV replication, while knockdown of TRIM56 resulted in increased viral replication. TRIM56 overexpression significantly increased the phosphorylation of IRF3 and NF-κB P65, and enhanced the IFN-ß antiviral response, while silencing TRIM56 did not affect IRF3 activation. TRIM56 overexpression increased the protein level of TRAF3, the component of the TLR3 pathway, thereby significantly activating downstream IRF3 and NF-κB signalling. We demonstrated that TRIM56 overexpression inhibited PEDV replication and upregulated expression of IFN-ß, IFN-stimulated genes (ISGs) and chemokines in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, truncations of the RING domain, N-terminal domain or C-terminal portion on TRIM56 were unable to induce IFN-ß expression and failed to restrict PEDV replication. Together, our results suggested that TRIM56 was upregulated in Marc-145 cells in response to PEDV infection. Overexpression of TRIM56 inhibited PEDV replication by positively regulating the TLR3-mediated antiviral signalling pathway. These findings provide evidence that TRIM56 plays a positive role in the innate immune response during PEDV infection.

Coronavirus Infections , Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus , Animals , Antiviral Agents , Interferon-beta/genetics , Interferon-beta/metabolism , NF-kappa B/genetics , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Swine , TNF Receptor-Associated Factor 3/genetics , TNF Receptor-Associated Factor 3/metabolism , Toll-Like Receptor 3/genetics , Toll-Like Receptor 3/metabolism , Virus Replication