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1.
Rev Neurol ; 73(10): 345-350, 2021 Nov 16.
Article in Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1513474

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The health pandemic brought about by SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) has limited access to neurorehabilitation programmes for many patients who have suffered stroke, traumatic brain injury or acquired brain damage due to some other cause. As telerehabilitation allows for the provision of care in situations of social distancing, it may mitigate the negative effects of confinement. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy, adherence and usability of a teleneurorehabilitation intervention for patients with acquired brain injury. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients included in a face-to-face neurorehabilitation programme at the time of the declaration of the state of alarm in Spain due to COVID-19 and who agreed to participate in the study were included in a teleneurorehabilitation programme. The effectiveness of the programme, understood as an improvement in independence, was quantified with the Barthel index. Adherence to the programme and usability of the tool were explored through questionnaires. RESULTS: Altogether, 46 patients, accounting for 70.6% of the total, participated in the study. Participants significantly improved their independence and showed an improvement in the Barthel index between the start (77.3 ± 28.6) and the end of the programme (82.3 ± 26). Adherence to the intervention was very high (8.1 ± 2.2 out of 10) and the online sessions were the most highly rated content. The tool used showed a high usability (50.1 ± 9.9 out of 60) and could be used without assistance by more than half the participants. CONCLUSION: The teleneurorehabilitation intervention was found to be effective in improving patients' independence, and promoted a high degree of adherence and usability.


TITLE: Efectividad, adhesión y usabilidad de un programa de teleneurorrehabilitación para garantizar la continuidad de cuidados en pacientes con daño cerebral adquirido durante la pandemia originada por la COVID-19.Introducción. La pandemia sanitaria originada por el SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) ha limitado el acceso a programas de neurorrehabilitación de muchos pacientes que han sufrido ictus, traumatismos craneoencefálicos o un daño cerebral adquirido por otra causa. Dado que la telerrehabilitación permite la provisión de cuidados en situaciones de distanciamiento social, podría atenuar los efectos negativos del confinamiento. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la eficacia, la adhesión y la usabilidad de una intervención de teleneurorrehabilitación dirigida a pacientes con daño cerebral adquirido. Pacientes y métodos. Todos los pacientes incluidos en un programa de neurorrehabilitación presencial en el momento de la declaración del estado de alarma en España con motivo de la COVID-19 y que aceptaron participar en el estudio fueron incluidos en un programa de teleneurorrehabilitación. La eficacia del programa, entendida como una mejora en la independencia, se cuantificó con el índice de Barthel. La adhesión al programa y la usabilidad de la herramienta se investigaron mediante cuestionarios. Resultados. Un total de 146 pacientes, el 70,6% del total, participó en el estudio. Los participantes mejoraron significativamente su independencia y mostraron una mejoría en el índice de Barthel entre el inicio (77,3 ± 28,6) y el fin del programa (82,3 ± 26). La intervención tuvo una gran adhesión (8,1 ± 2,2 sobre 10) y las sesiones en línea fueron el contenido mejor valorado. La herramienta utilizada mostró una elevada usabilidad (50,1 ± 9,9 sobre 60) y pudo ser utilizada sin ayuda por más de la mitad de los participantes. Conclusión. La intervención de teleneurorrehabilitación resultó ser eficaz para mejorar la independencia de los pacientes, y promovió una elevada adhesión y usabilidad.


Subject(s)
Brain Injuries/complications , Brain Injuries/rehabilitation , COVID-19/complications , Continuity of Patient Care/organization & administration , Telerehabilitation/organization & administration , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Patient Compliance , Patient Satisfaction , Physical Distancing , Program Evaluation , Spain/epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires/standards , Virtual Reality
2.
J Marital Fam Ther ; 47(2): 259-288, 2021 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1175078

ABSTRACT

The delivery of videoconferencing psychotherapy (VCP) has been found to be an efficacious, acceptable and feasible treatment modality for individual therapy. However, less is known about the use of VCP for couple and family therapy (CFT). The focus of this systematic review was to examine the efficacy, feasibility and acceptability of using VCP as a treatment delivery modality for CFT. A systematic search was conducted, data relating to efficacy, feasibility and acceptability were extracted from included studies. The search returned 7,112 abstracts, with 37 papers (0.005%) included. The methods of the review were pre-registered (PROSPERO; CRD42018106137). VCP for CFT was demonstrated to be feasible and acceptable. A meta-analysis was not conducted; however, results from the included studies indicate that VCP is an efficacious delivery method for CFT. Recommendations for future research and implications regarding clinical practice are made, which may be of interest to practitioners given the COVID-19 pandemic.


Subject(s)
Couples Therapy/organization & administration , Family Therapy/organization & administration , Physical Therapists/statistics & numerical data , Remote Consultation/organization & administration , Telerehabilitation/organization & administration , Attitude of Health Personnel , COVID-19/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Male , Telemedicine/statistics & numerical data
3.
J Marital Fam Ther ; 47(2): 408-423, 2021 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1146163

ABSTRACT

Distance education in couple and family therapy (CFT) has grown in recent years; however, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, many CFT educators find themselves delivering emergency online education out of necessity and for the first time. Despite the growth of distance learning over the last decade, there is virtually no CFT scholarship on the topic. Comparable disciplines, including social work and professional counseling, are further along in researching distance learning. Outside of the counseling disciplines, there is also ample scholarship guiding the delivery of distance education. This article builds on the small body of CFT scholarship on technology in training and supervision, reviewing extant research on distance learning in social work and counselor education. Major themes in this research reveal opportunities and challenges associated with distance learning and offer guidance about ways that CFT education can evolve in order to effectively integrate technology and online learning into our educational landscape.


Subject(s)
Attitude of Health Personnel , Clinical Competence/standards , Couples Therapy/education , Education, Distance/organization & administration , Family Therapy/education , Physical Therapists/education , COVID-19/epidemiology , Curriculum , Female , Humans , Male , Surveys and Questionnaires , Telerehabilitation/organization & administration
5.
J Marital Fam Ther ; 47(2): 320-341, 2021 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1142922

ABSTRACT

In the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, little is known about how university training programs transitioned to teletherapy. This study describes the transition of two university marriage and family therapy (i.e., master's and doctoral) training clinics to teletherapy and presents preliminary analyses of the types of clients and cases that converted to teletherapy. A series of chi-square analyses, a t-test, a logistic regression model, and a multiple linear regression model were employed. Four key findings emerged: (1) most cases converted to teletherapy; (2) Hispanic ethnicity was the only demographic characteristic to significantly predict conversion to teletherapy; (3) individual cases were significantly more likely to convert to teletherapy than relational cases; and (4) the number of prior in-person sessions attended significantly predicted conversion to teletherapy. Teletherapy conversion implications are discussed across four systemic levels: client, student trainee, supervision, and larger systems.


Subject(s)
Attitude of Health Personnel , Couples Therapy/education , Family Therapy/education , Physical Therapists/education , Remote Consultation/organization & administration , Telerehabilitation/organization & administration , COVID-19/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Male , Surveys and Questionnaires , Telemedicine/organization & administration
6.
J Marital Fam Ther ; 47(2): 225-243, 2021 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1142921

ABSTRACT

The unprecedented times of the novel Coronavirus quarantine and subsequent stay-at-home orders have changed the way many couple therapists provide clinical services. Understanding couple therapists' experiences with teletherapy is important for optimizing future telehealth delivery with couples. Thus, the purpose of this mixed methods survey study was to explore couple therapists' experiences of transitioning from in-person/traditional therapy to online/telehealth delivery. A total of 58 couple therapists completed an online survey for this study. Reported are both quantitative and qualitative findings. Overall, this study found that couple therapists experienced a positive shift from traditional/in-person therapy to online/telehealth therapy, with a majority of couple therapists (74%) reporting they would continue providing teletherapy after the novel Coronavirus pandemic and social distancing regulations had ended. Thematic analysis was used to identify themes from couple therapists' experiences related to advantages, challenges, and recommendations for practice. Implications for clinical training and future research are discussed.


Subject(s)
Couples Therapy/organization & administration , Family Therapy/organization & administration , Physical Therapists/statistics & numerical data , Remote Consultation/organization & administration , Telerehabilitation/organization & administration , Attitude of Health Personnel , COVID-19/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Male , Physical Therapists/psychology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Telemedicine/statistics & numerical data
7.
Am J Phys Med Rehabil ; 100(4): 321-326, 2021 04 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1138029

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: In the spring of 2020, coronavirus disease 2019 evolved into a worldwide pandemic, forcing traditional face-to-face healthcare to a standstill. Telemedicine was quickly adopted as a major tool for pediatric rehabilitation services. This article describes the national legislative response of the United States to the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic and the opportunities and challenges of implementing telemedicine in pediatric rehabilitation outpatient settings, consultations, as well as physician and patient education. The feasibility of performing a remote pediatric musculoskeletal and neurological tele-evaluation is also discussed. Although challenges exist, telemedicine has demonstrated its potential and has proven to be a practical system. Future developments in technology and accessibility, in addition to support from government and third-party payers, have the potential to make telemedicine an effective and vital platform in a coordinated healthcare system.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Nervous System Diseases/rehabilitation , Neurodegenerative Diseases/rehabilitation , Remote Sensing Technology/statistics & numerical data , Telemedicine/organization & administration , Child , Health Services Accessibility/organization & administration , Humans , Telerehabilitation/organization & administration , United States
8.
Am J Phys Med Rehabil ; 100(3): 209-212, 2021 03 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1127410

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Postacute COVID-19 patients are at risk of long-term functional impairment, and the rehabilitation community is calling for action preparing for a "tsunami of rehabilitation needs" in this patient population. In the absence of standard guidelines and local evidence, a 3-wk pulmonary telerehabilitation program was successfully delivered to a postacute severe COVID-19 patient in Malawi. The patient experienced persistent dyspnea and fatigue, with a remarkable impact on his health status. On the final assessment, all his respiratory severity scores had fallen by more than their thresholds for clinical significance. He reported no continued or new complaints, was walking longer distances, had returned to work, and was discharged from follow-up. Our case shows that an improvised pulmonary telerehabilitation program for postacute COVID-19 patients could be feasible and acceptable in a low-resource setting. Benefits include reducing risk of transmission and use of personal protective equipment.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/rehabilitation , Quality of Life , Telerehabilitation/organization & administration , Female , Humans , Male , Recovery of Function , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
9.
Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis ; 16: 379-391, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1110155

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is effective in reducing symptoms and improving health status, and exercise tolerance of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) pandemic has greatly impacted PR programs and their delivery to patients. Owing to fears of viral transmission and resultant outbreaks of COVID-19, institution-based PR programs have been forced to significantly reduce enrolment or in some cases completely shut down during the pandemic. As a majority of COPD patients are elderly and have multiple co-morbidities including cardiovascular disease and diabetes, they are notably susceptible to severe complications of COVID-19. As such, patients have been advised to stay at home and avoid social contact to the maximum extent possible. This has increased patients' vulnerability to physical deconditioning, depression, and social isolation. To address this major gap in care, some traditional hospital or clinic-centered PR programs have converted some or all of their learning contents to home-based telerehabilitation during the pandemic. There are, however, some significant barriers to this approach that have impeded its implementation in the community. These include variable access and use of technology (by patients), a lack of standardization of methods and tools for evaluation of the program, and inadequate training and resources for health professionals in optimally delivering telerehabilitation to patients. There is a pressing need for high-quality studies on these modalities of PR to enable the successful implementation of PR at home and via teleconferencing technologies. Here, we highlight the importance of telerehabilitation of patients with COPD in the post-COVID world and discuss various strategies for clinical implementation.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/rehabilitation , Telerehabilitation , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Communicable Disease Control/methods , Humans , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/epidemiology , Quality Improvement , SARS-CoV-2 , Telerehabilitation/methods , Telerehabilitation/organization & administration , Telerehabilitation/standards
10.
J Marital Fam Ther ; 47(2): 392-407, 2021 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1093757

ABSTRACT

In response to COVID-19, a couple and family therapy (CFT) graduate training program integrated a teaming therapy model with virtual technology using mixed-reality simulation software. By utilizing teaming therapy--a model with strong roots in systemic theory and practice-- combined with cutting-edge simulation technology, this distance learning modality provides distinctly relational therapy supervision and training for students at a time when their internships sites are struggling to offer remote clinical services due to the pandemic. This integrative framework offers a high degree of both realism and safety, allowing experiential learning to be appropriately scaffolded for optimum creativity and engagement in an online setting. This paper describes the conceptual, systemic basis for the learning modality, steps for implementation, benefits of the model, and the authors plan for further evaluation.


Subject(s)
Attitude of Health Personnel , Clinical Competence/standards , Couples Therapy/education , Education, Distance/organization & administration , Family Therapy/education , Physical Therapists/education , COVID-19/epidemiology , Curriculum , Female , Humans , Male , Surveys and Questionnaires , Telerehabilitation/organization & administration , Virtual Reality
12.
Am J Phys Med Rehabil ; 100(4): 321-326, 2021 04 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1041496

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: In the spring of 2020, coronavirus disease 2019 evolved into a worldwide pandemic, forcing traditional face-to-face healthcare to a standstill. Telemedicine was quickly adopted as a major tool for pediatric rehabilitation services. This article describes the national legislative response of the United States to the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic and the opportunities and challenges of implementing telemedicine in pediatric rehabilitation outpatient settings, consultations, as well as physician and patient education. The feasibility of performing a remote pediatric musculoskeletal and neurological tele-evaluation is also discussed. Although challenges exist, telemedicine has demonstrated its potential and has proven to be a practical system. Future developments in technology and accessibility, in addition to support from government and third-party payers, have the potential to make telemedicine an effective and vital platform in a coordinated healthcare system.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Nervous System Diseases/rehabilitation , Neurodegenerative Diseases/rehabilitation , Remote Sensing Technology/statistics & numerical data , Telemedicine/organization & administration , Child , Health Services Accessibility/organization & administration , Humans , Telerehabilitation/organization & administration , United States
14.
Codas ; 32(3): e20200144, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-911048

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Apresentamos um relato de experiência de implementação de telefonoaudiologia em tempo real para pacientes que anteriormente eram atendidos em ambulatório em um serviço de atenção primária em saúde. No total, 25 usuários estavam sendo acompanhados pela equipe de fonoaudiologia quando da notificação dos primeiros casos de COVID-19 no sul do Brasil. Destes, julgou-se que 12 pacientes demandavam teleatendimento, pelo menos, quinzenalmente. A teleconsulta disponibilizada nesta primeira etapa, em caráter emergencial na implementação do projeto neste formato, a fim de garantir a manutenção dos atendimentos de pacientes que poderiam sofrer agravamento ou mesmo comorbidades associadas à suspensão da fonoterapia, foram realizadas por telefone, com vídeo, por estudantes de fonoaudiologia, extensionistas do projeto e supervisionadas por um fonoaudiólogo, de forma síncrona. Todas as conversas e orientações durante a teleconsulta são encaminhadas com a maior calma possível e, no caso de pacientes infantis, permeadas por algumas atividades lúdicas. A telessaúde tem se mostrado um recurso eficiente para atendimento de pacientes com demandas fonoaudiológicas, possibilitando o atendimento remoto com a mesma qualidade que o atendimento presencial. Além disso, tem potencial relevante, considerando que há um número significativo de pacientes que precisam de avaliação fonoaudiológica e residem em regiões nas quais há escassez de profissionais qualificados.


ABSTRACT We present an experience report on the implementation of real-time telehealth in speech-language and hearing therapy for patients who were previously seen on an outpatient basis in a primary health care service. The Speech-Language Therapy (SLT) team was monitoring twenty-five users when the first cases of COVID-19 were notified in southern Brazil. Of these, it was judged that twelve patients required at least a monitoring call every two weeks. Teleconsultations were available in this first stage, on an emergency basis, during the implementation of the project in this format. The idea was to guarantee, due to the suspension of the SLT sessions, the maintenance of the care service for patients who could suffer worsening of their cases or even comorbidities. The appointments were carried out by video calls by SLT students, therapists of the extension project, and supervised by a speech-language therapist, synchronously. All conversations and orientations during the teleconsultation were conducted as calmly as possible and, in the case of infant patients, permeated by some playful activities. Telehealth has shown to be an efficient resource for the care of patients with SLT demands, enabling remote care with the same quality as face-to-face care. Besides, it has relevant potential, once there is a significant number of patients, who need SLT assessment and live in regions where there is a shortage of qualified professionals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adult , Aged , Pneumonia, Viral , Speech Therapy/organization & administration , Program Development , Telemedicine/organization & administration , Coronavirus Infections , Pandemics , Betacoronavirus , Speech Therapy/psychology , Brazil , Telemedicine/instrumentation , Telerehabilitation/instrumentation , Telerehabilitation/organization & administration , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Language Therapy/organization & administration , Language Therapy/psychology
15.
J Occup Rehabil ; 31(2): 444-453, 2021 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-893316

ABSTRACT

Purpose The Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) pandemic resulted in dramatic changes to avoid virus spread. In Canada, following provincial legislation the Workers' Compensation Board of Alberta (WCB-Alberta) stopped in-person rehabilitation services on March 23, 2020. On April 1, training began on remote service delivery using videoconferencing or telerehabilitation, which started April 3. We studied WCB-Alberta's transition to remote rehabilitation service delivery. Methods A population-based descriptive study was conducted, with data extracted from the WCB-Alberta database. This included clinical data from rehabilitation providers. We included workers completing services between January 1 and May 31, 2020. We statistically examined differences before and after the transition to remote services. Results The dataset included 4,516 individuals with work-related injuries. The mean number of work assessments per week pre-COVID was 244.6 (SD 83.5), which reduced to 135.9 (SD 74.5). Workers undergoing remote assessments were significantly more likely to work in health care or trades, did not require an interpreter, and were less likely to be working or judged as ready to return to work. Number of completed rehabilitation programs also reduced from 125.6 to 40.8 per week, with most (67.1%) remote programs being functional restoration. Few adverse effects were observed. Conclusions We describe the transition to completely remote delivery of occupational rehabilitation due to COVID-19 physical distancing restrictions in one Canadian compensation jurisdiction. It appears the use of remote services was successful but proceeded cautiously, with fewer complex cases being referred for assessment or rehabilitation. Further research examining longer-term work outcomes and stakeholder perceptions is needed.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Return to Work/statistics & numerical data , Telerehabilitation/organization & administration , Workers' Compensation/organization & administration , Adult , Alberta , COVID-19/rehabilitation , Continuity of Patient Care/organization & administration , Disability Evaluation , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Quality Improvement , Return to Work/economics
18.
J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev ; 40(5): 285-286, 2020 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-721004

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has been spreading rapidly worldwide since late January 2020. The strict lockdown strategy prompted by the Italian government, to hamper severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV2) spreading, has reduced the possibility of performing either outdoor or gym physical activity (PA). This study investigated and quantified the reduction of PA in patients with automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) for primary prevention of sudden death. METHODS: Daily PA of 24 patients was estimated by processing recorded data from ICD-embedded accelerometric sensors used by the rate-responsive pacing systems. RESULTS: During the forced 40-d in-home confinement, a mean 25% reduction of PA was observed as compared with the 40-d confinement-free period (1.2 ± 0.3 vs 1.6 ± 0.5 hr/d, respectively, P = .0001). CONCLUSIONS: This objective quantification of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on PA determined by an ICD device showed an abrupt and statistically significant reduction of PA in primary prevention ICD patients, during the in-home confinement quarantine. To counteract the deleterious effects of physical inactivity during the COVID-19 outbreak, patients should be encouraged to perform indoor exercise-based personalized rehabilitative programs.


Subject(s)
Cardiac Rehabilitation , Coronavirus Infections , Death, Sudden, Cardiac/prevention & control , Defibrillators, Implantable , Exercise/physiology , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Telerehabilitation/organization & administration , Aged , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Cardiac Rehabilitation/methods , Cardiac Rehabilitation/trends , Communicable Disease Control/methods , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Electric Countershock/instrumentation , Female , Humans , Italy/epidemiology , Male , Needs Assessment , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Quarantine/methods , SARS-CoV-2
19.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(4): 491-497, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-613691

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY BACKGROUND Physiotherapy services are necessary for hospitalized patients of COVID-19 as well as chronic patients. Thus, physiotherapists present an increased risk of exposure to coronavirus. This study aimed to determine the number of physiotherapists who interrupted their services because of the COVID-19 pandemic and to verify the procedures adopted by the ones who are still working. METHODS The sample comprised 619 physiotherapists who worked in Portugal, 154 (24.9%) male and 465 (75.1%) female, aged between 22 and 67 years (34.47±8.70). The measurement instrument was an on-line questionnaire applied in late March 2020 through contacts and social networks. RESULTS 453 (73.2%) physiotherapists interrupted their work activities in person because of the pandemic and 166 (26.8%) continue to work in person. The main measures adopted by physical therapists who continue to work in person included: hand washing (21.5%), mask use (20.3%), material disinfection (19.3%) and, glove use (19.3%). Of the physiotherapists who are not working in person (n = 453), 267 (58.9%) continue to monitor their patients at a distance, and 186 (41.1%) are not monitoring the patients. The main measures used by physiotherapists to monitor their patients at a distance included: written treatment prescription (38%), making explanatory videos (26.7%), and synchronous video conference treatment (23.5%). CONCLUSIONS Our data revealed that most of the physiotherapists interrupted their face-to-face practices because of the COVID-19 pandemic, however, once they do not follow up their patients' treatment in person, most of them adapted to monitor their patients from a distance.


SUMMARY INTRODUÇÃO Os serviços de fisioterapia são necessários para o tratamento de pacientes hospitalizados com COVID-19 e também para pacientes crônicos. Assim, os fisioterapeutas apresentam um maior risco de exposição ao coronavírus. O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar o número de fisioterapeutas que interromperam seus serviços devido à pandemia do COVID-19 e verificar os procedimentos adotados pelos fisioterapeutas que continuam trabalhando. METODOLOGIA A amostra foi constituída por 619 fisioterapeutas, que trabalhavam em Portugal, sendo 154 (24,9%) do sexo masculino e 465 (75,1%) do sexo feminino, com idades compreendidas entre os 22 e 67 anos (34,47 ± 8,70 anos). O instrumento de medida utilizado consistiu num questionário online, tendo sido aplicado em finais de março de 2020, através de contatos e redes sociais. RESULTADOS 453 (73.2%) fisioterapeutas interromperam as suas atividades laborais de forma presencial por causa da pandemia e 166 (26.8%) continuam a trabalhar presencialmente. As principais medidas adotadas pelos fisioterapeutas que continuam a trabalhar presencialmente incluíram: lavagem das mãos (21.5%), uso de máscaras (20.3%), desinfecção do material (19.3%) e uso de luvas (19.3%). Dos fisioterapeutas que não estão a trabalhar presencialmente (n=453), 267 (58.9%) continuam a acompanhar os seus pacientes à distância e 186 (41.1%) não estão a acompanhar os pacientes. As principais medidas utilizadas pelos fisioterapeutas para acompanhar os seus pacientes à distância incluíram: prescrição do tratamento por escrito (38%), realização de vídeos explicativos (26.7%) e tratamento por videoconferência de forma síncrona (23.5%). CONCLUSÕES Os dados do presente estudo revelaram que a maioria dos fisioterapeutas interromperam as suas práticas presenciais em virtude da pandemia COVID-19, no entanto, apesar de não estarem a acompanhar os seus pacientes pessoalmente, a maioria deles elaborou ferramentas para monitorar seus pacientes à distância.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Physical Therapy Modalities/organization & administration , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Pandemics/prevention & control , Physical Therapists/supply & distribution , Betacoronavirus , Portugal , Professional Practice/organization & administration , Professional Practice/trends , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Physical Therapy Modalities/trends , Coronavirus Infections , Physical Therapists/trends , Telerehabilitation/organization & administration , Middle Aged
20.
Can J Cardiol ; 36(8): 1317-1321, 2020 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-597883

ABSTRACT

Cardiac rehabilitation programs across Canada have suspended in-person services as a result of large-scale physical distancing recommendations designed to flatten the COVID-19 pandemic curve. Virtual cardiac rehabilitation (VCR) offers an alternate mechanism of care delivery, capable of providing similar patient outcomes and safety profiles compared with centre-based programs. To minimize care gaps, all centres should consider developing and implementing a VCR program. The process of this rapid implementation, however, can be daunting. Centres should initially focus on the collation, utilization, and repurposing of existing resources, equipment, and technology. Once established, programs should then focus on ensuring that quality indicators are met and care processes are protocolized. This should be followed by the development of sustainable VCR solutions to account for care gaps that existed before COVID-19, and to improve cardiac rehabilitation delivery, moving forward. This article reviews the potential challenges and obstacles of this process and aims to provide pragmatic guidance to aid clinicians and administrators during this challenging time.


Subject(s)
Cardiac Rehabilitation , Cardiovascular Diseases , Coronavirus Infections , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Telerehabilitation , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Canada , Cardiac Rehabilitation/methods , Cardiac Rehabilitation/trends , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Humans , Infection Control/organization & administration , Models, Organizational , Organizational Innovation , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Risk Assessment , SARS-CoV-2 , Telerehabilitation/methods , Telerehabilitation/organization & administration
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