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JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc ; 59(244): 1313-1315, 2021 Dec 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1579278


After almost a year of declaring COVID-19 a global pandemic, unusual presentations of the disease continue to be reported. Very little is known about its association with pleural disease. Here, we present a case of empyema thoracis in a 39-year-old male admitted with COVID-19. The pleural fluid later turned serosanguinous and eventually bleeding from other sites also occurred. During his treatment, antibiotics were given, thoracocentesis was performed and later thoracotomy was done. He died on the 19th day of admission following a hemorrhagic stroke. Pleural disease, although considered atypical and unusual presentation of COVID-19, needs careful and prompt diagnosis and earliest intervention. COVID-19, being a disease that involves multiple systems, and presentation of the disease may eventually lead to circulatory dysfunction and hence should be kept under consideration.

COVID-19 , Empyema, Pleural , Adult , Empyema, Pleural/diagnosis , Empyema, Pleural/etiology , Empyema, Pleural/therapy , Hospitalization , Humans , Male , SARS-CoV-2 , Thoracotomy/adverse effects
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 16(1): 182, 2021 Jun 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1282263


BACKGROUND: The timing for heart surgery following cerebral embolization after cardiac valve vegetation is vital to postoperative recovery being uneventful, additionally Covid-19 may negatively affect the outcome. Minimally invasive methods and upgraded surgical instruments maximize the benefits of surgery also in complex cardiac revision cases with substantial perioperative risk. CASE PRESENTATION: A 68 y.o. patient, 10 years after previous sternotomy for OPCAB was referred to cardiac surgery on the 10th postoperative day after neurosurgical intervention for intracerebral bleeding with suspected mitral valve endocarditis. Mitral valve vegetation, tricuspid valve insufficiency and coronary stenosis were diagnosed and treated by minimally invasive revision cardiac surgery on the 14th postoperative day after neurosurgery. CONCLUSION: The present clinical case demonstrates for the first time that the minimally invasive approach via right anterior mini-thoracotomy can be safely used for concomitant complex mitral valve reconstruction, tricuspid valve repair and aorto-coronary bypass surgery, even as a revision procedure in the presence of florid endocarditis after recent neurosurgical intervention. The Covid-19 pandemic and prophylactic patient isolation slow down the efficacy of pulmonary weaning and mobilisation and prolong the need for ICU treatment, without adversely affecting long-term outcome.

Coronary Artery Bypass/methods , Coronary Stenosis/surgery , Endocarditis/surgery , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Mitral Valve/surgery , Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency/surgery , Video-Assisted Surgery/methods , Aged , COVID-19/epidemiology , Coronary Artery Bypass/adverse effects , Coronary Artery Bypass/instrumentation , Humans , Male , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/instrumentation , Pandemics , Postoperative Complications , Reoperation , SARS-CoV-2 , Thoracotomy/adverse effects , Thoracotomy/instrumentation , Thoracotomy/methods , Video-Assisted Surgery/adverse effects
Ann Thorac Surg ; 110(6): e461-e463, 2020 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-549140


The novel coronavirus disease 2019 is a highly contagious viral infection caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 virus. Its rapid spread and severe clinical presentation influence patient management in all specialties including thoracic surgery. We report 3 cases of coronavirus disease 2019 occurring in patients shortly after thoracotomy and thoracoscopy procedures, illustrating the imminent threat of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection for thoracic surgery patients.

Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Cross Infection/diagnosis , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Pneumonectomy/adverse effects , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Postoperative Complications/diagnosis , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Aged , COVID-19 , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Coronavirus Infections/etiology , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Cross Infection/etiology , Cross Infection/therapy , Female , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/etiology , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/therapy , SARS-CoV-2 , Thoracoscopy/adverse effects , Thoracotomy/adverse effects