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1.
Heart Surg Forum ; 25(2): E241-E242, 2022 Mar 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2140863

ABSTRACT

Massive pulmonary embolism (PE) is associated with high mortality rates. Pulmonary Embolism Response Team (PERT) collaboration with prompt access to veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA ECMO) during mechanical or aspiration thrombectomy for massive PE can be life-saving; ECMO stand-by should be considered for high-risk cases. We describe a case of massive PE treated with intraprocedural VA ECMO during the catheter-directed intervention.


Subject(s)
Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Pulmonary Embolism , Humans , Pulmonary Embolism/diagnosis , Pulmonary Embolism/surgery , Thrombectomy
2.
Neurosurgery ; 90(6): 725-733, 2022 06 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2109255

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The mechanisms and outcomes in coronavirus disease (COVID-19)-associated stroke are unique from those of non-COVID-19 stroke. OBJECTIVE: To describe the efficacy and outcomes of acute revascularization of large vessel occlusion (LVO) in the setting of COVID-19 in an international cohort. METHODS: We conducted an international multicenter retrospective study of consecutively admitted patients with COVID-19 with concomitant acute LVO across 50 comprehensive stroke centers. Our control group constituted historical controls of patients presenting with LVO and receiving a mechanical thrombectomy between January 2018 and December 2020. RESULTS: The total cohort was 575 patients with acute LVO; 194 patients had COVID-19 while 381 patients did not. Patients in the COVID-19 group were younger (62.5 vs 71.2; P < .001) and lacked vascular risk factors (49, 25.3% vs 54, 14.2%; P = .001). Modified thrombolysis in cerebral infarction 3 revascularization was less common in the COVID-19 group (74, 39.2% vs 252, 67.2%; P < .001). Poor functional outcome at discharge (defined as modified Ranklin Scale 3-6) was more common in the COVID-19 group (150, 79.8% vs 132, 66.7%; P = .004). COVID-19 was independently associated with a lower likelihood of achieving modified thrombolysis in cerebral infarction 3 (odds ratio [OR]: 0.4, 95% CI: 0.2-0.7; P < .001) and unfavorable outcomes (OR: 2.5, 95% CI: 1.4-4.5; P = .002). CONCLUSION: COVID-19 was an independent predictor of incomplete revascularization and poor outcomes in patients with stroke due to LVO. Patients with COVID-19 with LVO were younger, had fewer cerebrovascular risk factors, and suffered from higher morbidity/mortality rates.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia , COVID-19 , Stroke , Brain Ischemia/etiology , Cerebral Infarction/etiology , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Stroke/etiology , Thrombectomy/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome
3.
Kardiologiia ; 62(9): 74-78, 2022 Sep 30.
Article in Russian | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2067420

ABSTRACT

This article presents a clinical case of urgent, life-saving surgical intervention in a 69-year-old woman with left atrial myxoma with rapid morphological and clinical progression and a history of COVID-19 and breast cancer in remission. However, the concurrent (perhaps secondary) thrombophilic condition facilitated the complication development in the form of superior vena caval orifice thrombosis in the early postoperative period. For this complication, repeated surgery in the volume of thrombectomy was performed, which resulted in stabilization of the patient's condition.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Heart Neoplasms , Myxoma , Aged , COVID-19/complications , Female , Heart Atria/diagnostic imaging , Heart Atria/pathology , Heart Neoplasms/complications , Heart Neoplasms/diagnosis , Heart Neoplasms/surgery , Humans , Myxoma/complications , Myxoma/diagnosis , Myxoma/surgery , Thrombectomy/methods , Vena Cava, Superior/pathology
4.
Clin Neurol Neurosurg ; 222: 107467, 2022 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2061005

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We explored the relationship between markers of infection and inflammation and mortality in patients with acute ischemic stroke who underwent thrombectomy. METHODS: We performed retrospective chart review of stroke patients who underwent thrombectomy at two tertiary academic centers between December 2018 and November 2020. Associations between discharge mortality, WBC count, neutrophil percentage, fever, culture data, and antibiotic treatment were analyzed using the Wilcoxon rank sum test, Student's t-test, and Fisher's exact test. Independent predictors of mortality were identified with multivariable analysis. Analyses were repeated excluding COVID-positive patients. RESULTS: Of 248 patients who underwent thrombectomy, 41 (17 %) died prior to discharge. Mortality was associated with admission WBC count (11 [8-14] vs. 9 [7-12], p = 0.0093), admission neutrophil percentage (78 % ± 11 vs. 71 % ± 14, p = 0.0003), peak WBC count (17 [13-22] vs. 12 [9-15], p < 0.0001), fever (71 % vs. 27 %, p < 0.0001), positive culture (44 % vs. 15 %, p < 0.0001), and days treated with antibiotics (3 [1-7] vs. 1 [0-4], p < 0.0001). After controlling for age, admission NIHSS and post-thrombectomy ASPECTS score, mortality was associated with admission WBC count (OR 13, CI 1.32-142, p = 0.027), neutrophil percentage (OR 1.03, CI 1.0-1.07, p = 0.045), peak WBC count (OR 301, CI 24-5008, p < 0.0001), fever (OR 24.2, CI 1.77-332, p < 0.0001), and positive cultures (OR 4.24, CI 1.87-9.62, p = 0.0006). After excluding COVID-positive patients (n = 14), peak WBC count, fever and positive culture remained independent predictors of mortality. CONCLUSION: Markers of infection and inflammation are associated with discharge mortality after thrombectomy. Further study is warranted to investigate the causal relationship of these markers with clinical outcome.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia , COVID-19 , Ischemic Stroke , Stroke , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Thrombectomy , Stroke/complications , Biomarkers , Inflammation , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Brain Ischemia/complications
5.
Neurol Neurochir Pol ; 56(1): 81-88, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1994399

ABSTRACT

AIM OF THE STUDY: To assess the influence of age on long-term functional outcome in patients with acute ischaemic stroke (AIS) treated with intravenous thrombolysis (IVT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed retrospective analysis of 362 AIS patients treated with IVT or IVT and subsequent mechanical thrombectomy in the University Hospital in Krakow, Poland. Patients were categorised into four subgroups by age: (I) below the age of 60, (II) 60 to 69, (III) 70 to 79, and (IV) 80 or more. The outcomes were assessed with modified Rankin scale (mRS) 90 days after stroke onset, and defined as favourable (mRS 0-2), poor (mRS 3-5), or death (mRS = 6). RESULTS: Patients aged 80 or more compared to those below 60 were more often women (72.64% vs. 26.76%, < 0.001), more often suffered from hypertension (94.34% vs. 60.56%, p < 0.001), ischaemic heart disease (27.36% vs. 8.45%, p = 0.002), atrial fibrillation (49.06% vs. 5.63%, p < 0.001), and premorbid disability (pre-stroke mRS ≥ 1: 17.92% vs. 1.41%, p < 0.001), less often were active smokers (0% vs. 27.14%, p < 0.001), more often had cardioembolic aetiology (50.00% vs. 16.90%, p < 0.001), and less often other stroke aetiology (1.89% vs. 15.49%, < 0.008), had shorter time from stroke onset to IVT (125 [93-180] vs. 140 [110-186] min, p < 0.008), less often underwent mechanical thrombectomy (18.87% vs. 46.48%, p < 0.001), had higher CRP levels (10.3 [3.2-39.8] vs. 4.3 [2.1-9.6] mg/L, p = 0.003), higher maximal systolic blood pressure within 24 hours after IVT (153 [140-170] vs. 138 [120-145] mmHg, p < 0.001), and higher creatinine concentration (88 [68-108] vs. 77 [67-87] µmol/l, p = 0.004), less often had a favourable outcome (48.04% vs. 85.51%, odds ratio [OR] 0.16, 95%CI: 0.07-0.34, p < 0.001), and had a greater risk of death (26.47% vs. 5.80%, OR 5.85, 95%CI: 1.95-17.59, p < 0.001) within three months of stroke onset. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that the independent predictors of worse outcome in patients aged 80 or more were NIHSS score after IVT (OR 0.64, 95%CI: 0.53-0.78, p < 0.001), pre-stroke mRS score ≥ 1 (OR 0.10, 95%CI: 0.02-0.61, p = 0.012), and CRP levels (OR 0.96, 95%CI: 0.93-0.99, p = 0.007). CONCLUSIONS: AIS patients treated with reperfusion therapy and aged 80 or more have around a six times higher risk of an unfavourable outcome or death within three months of stroke onset compared to those aged below 60. Higher NIHSS score after IVT, any signs of disability before stroke as measured with mRS, and higher CRP levels are independent risk factors for worse prognosis in the elderly.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia , Ischemic Stroke , Stroke , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Brain Ischemia/complications , Brain Ischemia/drug therapy , Female , Fibrinolytic Agents , Humans , Ischemic Stroke/drug therapy , Male , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Stroke/etiology , Thrombectomy/adverse effects , Thrombolytic Therapy/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome
6.
Stroke ; 52(10): 3388-3390, 2021 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1391455
7.
Anticancer Res ; 42(3): 1351-1358, 2022 Mar.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1979851

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIM: Collecting duct carcinoma, epithelioid angiosarcoma and neuroendocrine/carcinoid tumor are uncommon renal malignancies, and their association with tumor thrombus extending into the inferior vena cava is extremely rare. Owing to the rarity of the above-mentioned malignancies and short follow-up of the cases published in the literature, the prognosis and clinical behavior of these tumors remains unclear. Up to date, the culprit of treatment is surgical management with radical nephrectomy, lymph node dissection, thrombectomy and vascular reconstruction if necessary. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We herein describe in detail the first cases published of the above-mentioned renal malignancies associated with extensive inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombus, in which complex vascular reconstruction was performed. RESULTS: Three male patients were identified as having collecting duct carcinoma, epithelioid angiosarcoma and neuroendocrine/carcinoid tumor with IVC involvement. Tumor thrombus levels were II, I and IIIc respectively. Patient ages were 42, 60 and 47 years and tumor sizes were 9.2, 10.9 and 3.7 cm correspondingly. Patient 2 underwent cavectomy, IVC replacement using polytetrafluoroethylene (Gore-Tex®) vascular graft and IVC filter deployment inside the graft. None of the patients developed any pulmonary emboli postoperatively. At the last follow-up, IVC graft for patient 2 remained patent. CONCLUSION: Owing to the rarity of the aforementioned malignancies and short follow-up of cases published in the literature, the prognosis and clinical behavior of these tumors remains unclear. Up to date, the culprit of treatment is surgical management with radical nephrectomy, lymph node dissection, thrombectomy and vascular reconstruction if necessary. Polytetrafluoroethylene (Gore-Tex) vascular grafts are an excellent and safe option for complex vascular reconstructions in patients with evidence of IVC invasion.


Subject(s)
Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Carcinoid Tumor/surgery , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/surgery , Hemangiosarcoma/surgery , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Nephrectomy , Thrombectomy , Vena Cava, Inferior/surgery , Adult , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/instrumentation , Carcinoid Tumor/diagnostic imaging , Carcinoid Tumor/pathology , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/diagnostic imaging , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/pathology , Hemangiosarcoma/diagnostic imaging , Hemangiosarcoma/pathology , Humans , Kidney Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Treatment Outcome , Vena Cava, Inferior/diagnostic imaging , Vena Cava, Inferior/pathology
10.
Eur Neurol ; 85(5): 349-366, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1973983

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Despite progress made over the last 30 years, stroke is still a leading cause of disability and mortality; likewise, its burden is expected to increase over the next decades, due to population growth and aging. The development of drugs with better safety-efficacy profiles as well as strategies able to improve ischemic stroke management from the pre-hospital setting is needed. SUMMARY: The pathophysiology of ischemic stroke involves multiple pathways resulting in cerebral artery obstruction and brain tissue ischemia. To date, the only approved drug for acute ischemic stroke is intravenous thrombolytic alteplase. Intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) can be administered alone or in combination with endovascular treatment (EVT) with mechanical thrombectomy, in case of large vessel occlusion and generally within 6 h from symptoms onset. The risk of potential bleeding complications, especially symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage, is one of the reasons for the reluctance to administer IVT. Tenecteplase is a promising alternative fibrinolytic agent, having a better safety profile than alteplase. Moreover, recent evidences have allowed an extension of the IVT ± EVT time window for patients with unknown onset time and for those with a known onset time thanks to the new "tissue-window" approach guided by advanced neuroimaging techniques, which also helps in collateral circulation estimation. Regarding primary-secondary prevention, researchers are focused on improving the efficacy of antithrombotic drugs with a "hemostasis-sparing" approach. Neuroprotective agents are also under development, particularly stem cells. The COVID-19 pandemic has critically stressed global healthcare systems, with collateral damage resulting in access delivery of only emergency care, such as ischemic stroke. Regarding telemedicine, it has had a minor role in acute stroke management, and with the onset of COVID-19, this role will most likely be adopted to increase access and delivery in stroke assessment, but also in the follow-up.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia , COVID-19 , Endovascular Procedures , Ischemic Stroke , Neuroprotective Agents , Stroke , Brain Ischemia/complications , Brain Ischemia/drug therapy , COVID-19/complications , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Fibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use , Humans , Neuroprotective Agents/therapeutic use , Pandemics , Stroke/diagnosis , Stroke/drug therapy , Tenecteplase/therapeutic use , Thrombectomy/methods , Thrombolytic Therapy , Tissue Plasminogen Activator/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
11.
BMC Emerg Med ; 22(1): 136, 2022 07 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1962739

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate door-to-puncture time (DPT) and door-to-recanalization time (DRT) without directing healthcare by neuro-interventionalist support in the emergency department (ED) by workflow optimization and improving patients' outcomes. METHODS: Records of 98 consecutive ischemic stroke patients who had undergone endovascular therapy (EVT) between 2018 to 2021 were retrospectively reviewed in a single-center study. Patients were divided into three groups: pre-intervention (2018-2019), interim-intervention (2020), and post-intervention (January 1st 2021 to August 16th, 2021). We compared door-to-puncture time, door-to-recanalization time (DRT), puncture-to-recanalization time (PRT), last known normal time to-puncture time (LKNPT), and patient outcomes (measured by 3 months modified Rankin Scale) between three groups using descriptive statistics. RESULTS: Our findings indicate that process optimization measures could shorten DPT, DRT, PRT, and LKNPT. Median LKNPT was shortened by 70 min from 325 to 255 min(P < 0.05), and DPT was shortened by 119 min from 237 to 118 min. DRT shortened by 132 min from 338 to 206 min, and PRT shortened by 33 min from 92 to 59 min from the pre-intervention to post-intervention groups (all P < 0.05). Only 21.4% of patients had a favorable outcome in the pre-intervention group as compared to 55.6% in the interventional group (P= 0.026). CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that multidisciplinary cooperation was associated with shortened DPT, DRT, PRT, and LKNPT despite challenges posed to the healthcare system such as the COVID-19 pandemic. These practice paradigms may be transported to other stroke centers and healthcare providers to improve endovascular time metrics and patient outcomes.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Ischemic Stroke , Stroke , Humans , Ischemic Stroke/surgery , Pandemics , Punctures , Retrospective Studies , Stroke/therapy , Thrombectomy , Time-to-Treatment , Treatment Outcome , Workflow
12.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 26(13): 4884-4892, 2022 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1955406

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We aimed at determining the effectiveness of mechanical thrombectomy (MT) in patients with major vessel occlusion and infected with COVID-19, evaluating its clinical outcome and comparing it with non-COVID patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: During the pandemic, 729 patients who underwent MT in stroke centers due to Acute Ischemic Stroke (AIS) with large vessel occlusion were evaluated. This study included 40 patients with a confirmed COVID-19 diagnosis by a positive PCR test between March 11, 2020, and December 31, 2020. These patients were compared to 409 patients who underwent MT due to major vessel occlusion between March 11, 2019, and December 31, 2019. RESULTS: Of the patients with AIS who are infected with COVID-19, 62.5% were males, and all patients have a median age of 63.5 ± 14.4 years. The median NIHSS score of the COVID-19 group was significantly higher than that of the non-COVID-19 groups. Dissection was significantly more in the COVID-19 group. The mortality rates at 3 months were higher in the COVID-19 groups compared to non-COVID-19 groups. CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed an increased frequency of dissection in patients with COVID-19. COVID-19-related ischemic strokes are associated with worse functional outcomes and higher mortality rates than non-COVID-19 ischemic strokes.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia , COVID-19 , Ischemic Stroke , Stroke , Aged , Brain Ischemia/complications , COVID-19 Testing , Female , Humans , Ischemic Stroke/epidemiology , Ischemic Stroke/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Stroke/complications , Thrombectomy/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome
13.
Eur J Neurol ; 29(11): 3273-3287, 2022 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1927584

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Previous studies suggest that mechanisms and outcomes in patients with COVID-19-associated stroke differ from those in patients with non-COVID-19-associated strokes, but there is limited comparative evidence focusing on these populations. The aim of this study, therefore, was to determine if a significant association exists between COVID-19 status with revascularization and functional outcomes following thrombectomy for large vessel occlusion (LVO), after adjustment for potential confounding factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional, international multicenter retrospective study was conducted in consecutively admitted COVID-19 patients with concomitant acute LVO, compared to a control group without COVID-19. Data collected included age, gender, comorbidities, clinical characteristics, details of the involved vessels, procedural technique, and various outcomes. A multivariable-adjusted analysis was conducted. RESULTS: In this cohort of 697 patients with acute LVO, 302 had COVID-19 while 395 patients did not. There was a significant difference (p < 0.001) in the mean age (in years) and gender of patients, with younger patients and more males in the COVID-19 group. In terms of favorable revascularization (modified Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction [mTICI] grade 3), COVID-19 was associated with lower odds of complete revascularization (odds ratio 0.33, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.23-0.48; p < 0.001), which persisted on multivariable modeling with adjustment for other predictors (adjusted odds ratio 0.30, 95% CI 0.12-0.77; p = 0.012). Moreover, endovascular complications, in-hospital mortality, and length of hospital stay were significantly higher among COVID-19 patients (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: COVID-19 was an independent predictor of incomplete revascularization and poor functional outcome in patients with stroke due to LVO. Furthermore, COVID-19 patients with LVO were more often younger and had higher morbidity/mortality rates.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia , COVID-19 , Endovascular Procedures , Stroke , COVID-19/complications , Cross-Sectional Studies , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies , Stroke/surgery , Thrombectomy/methods , Treatment Outcome
15.
Stroke ; 53(3): 999-1003, 2022 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1861734
16.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 31(6): 106450, 2022 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1799803

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The relationship between cardiac function and mortality after thrombectomy for acute ischemic stroke is not well elucidated. METHODS: We analyzed the relationship between cardiac function and mortality prior to discharge in a cohort of patients who underwent thrombectomy for acute ischemic stroke at two large medical centers in New York City between December 2018 and November 2020. All analyses were performed using Welch's two sample t-test and logistic regression accounting for age, initial NIHSS and post-procedure ASPECTS score, where OR is for each unit increase in the respective variables. RESULTS: Of 248 patients, 41 (16.5%) died prior to discharge. Mortality was significantly associated with higher initial heart rate (HR; 89 ± 19 bpm vs 80 ± 18 bpm, p = 0.004) and higher maximum HR over entire admission (137 ± 26 bpm vs 114 ± 25 bpm, p < 0.001). Mortality was also associated with presence of NSTEMI/STEMI (63% vs 29%, p < 0.001). When age, initial NIHSS score, and post-procedure ASPECTS score were included in multivariate analysis, there was still a significant relationship between mortality and initial HR (OR 1.03, 95% CI 1.01- 1.05, p = 0.02), highest HR over the entire admission (OR 1.03, 95% CI 1.02-1.05, p < 0.001), and presence of NSTEMI/STEMI (OR 3.76, 95% CI 1.66-8.87, p = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: Tachycardia is associated with mortality in patients who undergo thrombectomy. Further investigation is needed to determine whether this risk is modifiable.


Subject(s)
Ischemic Stroke , Non-ST Elevated Myocardial Infarction , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction , Stroke , Humans , Retrospective Studies , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/complications , Stroke/complications , Stroke/diagnosis , Stroke/therapy , Tachycardia/complications , Thrombectomy , Treatment Outcome
18.
Neurol Neurochir Pol ; 56(2): 163-170, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1753880

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess the clinical profiles and outcomes of patients with confirmed COVID-19 infection and acute ischaemic stroke (AIS) treated with mechanical thrombectomy (MT) at the Comprehensive Stroke Centre (CSC) of the University Hospital in Krakow. CLINICAL RATIONALE FOR THE STUDY: COVID-19 is a risk factor for AIS and worsens prognosis in patients with large artery occlusions. During the pandemic, the global number of MT has dropped. At the same time, studies assessing outcomes of this treatment in COVID-19-associated AIS have produced divergent results. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this single-centre study, we retrospectively analysed and compared the clinical profiles (age, sex, presence of cardiovascular risk factors, neurological deficit at admission), stroke size (measured using postprocessing analysis of perfusion CT with RAPID software), time from stroke onset to arrival at the CSC, time from arrival at the CSC to groin puncture, treatment with intravenous thrombolysis, length of hospitalisation, laboratory test results, and short-term outcomes (measured with Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction scale, modified Rankin Scale and National Health Institute Stroke Scale) in patients with AIS treated with MT during the pandemic. A comparison between patients with and without concomitant SARS-CoV2 infection was then performed. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences between 15 COVID (+) and 167 COVID (-) AIS patients treated with AIS with respect to clinical profiles (p > 0.05), stroke size (p > 0.05) or outcomes (NIHSS at discharge, 8.1 (SD = 7.1) vs. 8.8 (SD = 9.6), p = 0.778, mRS at discharge 2.9 (SD = 2) vs. 3.1 (SD = 2.1), p = 0.817, death rate 6.7% vs. 12.6%, p = 0.699). There was a significant difference between patients with and without COVID-19 concerning time from arrival at the CSC to groin puncture [104.27 (SD = 51.47) vs. 97.63 (SD = 156.94) min., p = 0.044] and the length of hospitalisation [23.7 (SD = 11.9) vs. 10.5 (SD = 6.9) days, p < 0.001]. CONCLUSION: In AIS patients treated with MT, concomitant SARS-CoV2 infection did not affect the outcome. Our observations need to be confirmed in larger, and preferably multicentre, studies.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia , COVID-19 , Ischemic Stroke , Stroke , Brain Ischemia/diagnostic imaging , Brain Ischemia/surgery , COVID-19/complications , Humans , Ischemic Stroke/diagnostic imaging , Ischemic Stroke/etiology , Ischemic Stroke/surgery , RNA, Viral/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Stroke/diagnostic imaging , Stroke/etiology , Stroke/surgery , Thrombectomy/methods , Treatment Outcome
19.
JAMA ; 327(9): 826-835, 2022 03 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1750256

ABSTRACT

Importance: It is estimated that only 27% of patients with acute ischemic stroke and large vessel occlusion who undergo successful reperfusion after mechanical thrombectomy are disability free at 90 days. An incomplete microcirculatory reperfusion might contribute to these suboptimal clinical benefits. Objective: To investigate whether treatment with adjunct intra-arterial alteplase after thrombectomy improves outcomes following reperfusion. Design, Setting, and Participants: Phase 2b randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial performed from December 2018 through May 2021 in 7 stroke centers in Catalonia, Spain. The study included 121 patients with large vessel occlusion acute ischemic stroke treated with thrombectomy within 24 hours after stroke onset and with an expanded Treatment in Cerebral Ischemia angiographic score of 2b50 to 3. Interventions: Participants were randomized to receive intra-arterial alteplase (0.225 mg/kg; maximum dose, 22.5 mg) infused over 15 to 30 minutes (n = 61) or placebo (n = 52). Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was the difference in proportion of patients achieving a score of 0 or 1 on the 90-day modified Rankin Scale (range, 0 [no symptoms] to 6 [death]) in all patients treated as randomized. Safety outcomes included rate of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage and death. Results: The study was terminated early for inability to maintain placebo availability and enrollment rate because of the COVID-19 pandemic. Of 1825 patients with acute ischemic stroke treated with thrombectomy at the 7 study sites, 748 (41%) patients fulfilled the angiographic criteria, 121 (7%) patients were randomized (mean age, 70.6 [SD, 13.7] years; 57 women [47%]), and 113 (6%) were treated as randomized. The proportion of participants with a modified Rankin Scale score of 0 or 1 at 90 days was 59.0% (36/61) with alteplase and 40.4% (21/52) with placebo (adjusted risk difference, 18.4%; 95% CI, 0.3%-36.4%; P = .047). The proportion of patients with symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage within 24 hours was 0% with alteplase and 3.8% with placebo (risk difference, -3.8%; 95% CI, -13.2% to 2.5%). Ninety-day mortality was 8% with alteplase and 15% with placebo (risk difference, -7.2%; 95% CI, -19.2% to 4.8%). Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients with large vessel occlusion acute ischemic stroke and successful reperfusion following thrombectomy, the use of adjunct intra-arterial alteplase compared with placebo resulted in a greater likelihood of excellent neurological outcome at 90 days. However, because of study limitations, these findings should be interpreted as preliminary and require replication. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03876119; EudraCT Number: 2018-002195-40.


Subject(s)
Cerebral Arteries , Fibrinolytic Agents/administration & dosage , Ischemic Stroke/drug therapy , Ischemic Stroke/surgery , Thrombectomy , Tissue Plasminogen Activator/administration & dosage , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arterial Occlusive Diseases/complications , Combined Modality Therapy , Double-Blind Method , Female , Humans , Ischemic Stroke/complications , Male , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome
20.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 14(9): 858-862, 2022 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1745670

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Data on the frequency and outcome of mechanical thrombectomy (MT) for large vessel occlusion (LVO) in patients with COVID-19 is limited. Addressing this subject, we report our multicenter experience. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed of consecutive acute stroke patients with COVID-19 infection treated with MT at 26 tertiary care centers between January 2020 and November 2021. Baseline demographics, angiographic outcome and clinical outcome evaluated by the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) at discharge and 90 days were noted. RESULTS: We identified 111 out of 11 365 (1%) patients with acute or subsided COVID-19 infection who underwent MT due to LVO. Cardioembolic events were the most common etiology for LVO (38.7%). Median baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score and Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score were 16 (IQR 11.5-20) and 9 (IQR 7-10), respectively. Successful reperfusion (mTICI ≥2b) was achieved in 97/111 (87.4%) patients and 46/111 (41.4%) patients were reperfused completely. The procedure-related complication rate was 12.6% (14/111). Functional independence was achieved in 20/108 (18.5%) patients at discharge and 14/66 (21.2%) at 90 days follow-up. The in-hospital mortality rate was 30.6% (33/108). In the subgroup analysis, patients with severe acute COVID-19 infection requiring intubation had a mortality rate twice as high as patients with mild or moderate acute COVID-19 infection. Acute respiratory failure requiring ventilation and time interval from symptom onset to groin puncture were independent predictors for an unfavorable outcome in a logistic regression analysis. CONCLUSION: Our study showed a poor clinical outcome and high mortality, especially in patients with severe acute COVID-19 infection undergoing MT due to LVO.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia , COVID-19 , Ischemic Stroke , Stroke , Brain Ischemia/complications , Brain Ischemia/diagnostic imaging , Brain Ischemia/therapy , COVID-19/complications , Humans , Ischemic Stroke/diagnostic imaging , Ischemic Stroke/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Stroke/diagnostic imaging , Stroke/etiology , Stroke/surgery , Thrombectomy/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome
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