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1.
BMC Neurol ; 23(1): 206, 2023 May 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20238613

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic has had an impact on the emergency department (ED). Door-to-needle time (DNT) could be prolonged for intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) treatment. We aimed to investigate the impact of two COVID-19 pandemics on the workflow of IVT in our neurovascular ED. METHOD: We performed a retrospective analysis of patients who received IVT treatment in the neurovascular ED of Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Beijing, from January 20, 2020, to October 30, 2020, covering two COVID-19 pandemics in China. The time-based performances of IVT treatment including onset-to-arrival time, arrival-to-CT time, CT-to-needle time, door-to-needle time, and onset-to-needle time were recorded. Data on clinical characteristics and imaging information were also collected. RESULTS: Four hundred forty patients that received IVT were enrolled in this study. The number of patients admitted to our neurovascular ED began to decrease in December 2019 and was the lowest in April 2020 (n = 95). Longer DNT (Wuhan pandemic: 49.00 [35.00, 64.00] min; Beijing pandemic: 55.00 [45.50, 77.00] min) interval delays were observed during the two pandemics (p = .016). More patients admitted during the two pandemics had an 'unknown' subtype (Wuhan pandemic: 21.8%; Beijing pandemic: 31.4%. p = .008). The percentage of the cardiac embolism subtype was higher during the Wuhan pandemic (20.0%) than during other periods. The median admission NIHSS score increased during the Wuhan pandemic and the Beijing pandemic (8.00 [4.00, 12.00], 7.00 [4.50, 14.00], respectively, p < .001). CONCLUSION: The number of patients who received IVT decreased during the Wuhan pandemic. Higher admission NIHSS scores and prolonged DNT intervals were also observed during the Wuhan pandemic and the Beijing pandemic.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia , COVID-19 , Ischemic Stroke , Stroke , Humans , Fibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use , Stroke/drug therapy , Pandemics , Ischemic Stroke/drug therapy , Thrombolytic Therapy/methods , Retrospective Studies , Time-to-Treatment , China/epidemiology , Brain Ischemia/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome
4.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 22(1): 473, 2022 11 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2277245

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) has emerged as an increasingly diagnosed cause of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), which is easily missed or delayed. The effective use of coronary angiography (CAG) and advanced intracoronary imaging examinations in STEMI patients has led to increased detection of SCAD. CASE PRESENTATION: A 59-year-old woman with acute angina pectoris was diagnosed with STEMI detected by electrocardiography combined with measurement of myocardial enzymes. Due to the ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Wuhan, she was first given thrombolytic therapy after excluding contraindications according to the requirements of the current consensus statement; however, subsequently, both the symptoms of ongoing chest pain and the electrocardiographic results indicated the failure of thrombolytic therapy, so the intervention team administered rescue percutaneous coronary intervention treatment under third-grade protection. CAG confirmed total occlusion in the distal left anterior descending (LAD) artery, with thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) 0 flow, whereas the left circumflex and right coronary arteries appeared normal, with TIMI 3 flow. Intravenous ultrasound (IVUS) was further performed to investigate the causes of occlusion, which verified the absence of atherosclerosis but detected SCAD with intramural haematoma. During the operation, the guidewire reached the distal end of the LAD artery smoothly, the balloon was dilated slightly, and the reflow of TIMI blood could be seen by repeated CAG. During the follow-up period of one and a half years, the patient complained of occasional, slight chest tightness. The repeated CAG showed that the spontaneous dissection in the LAD artery had healed well, with TIMI 3 flow. The repeated IVUS confirmed that the SCAD and intramural haematoma had been mostly resorbed and repaired. CONCLUSION: This was a case of failed STEMI thrombolysis in our hospital during the outbreak of COVID-19. This case indicates that doctors need to consider the cause of the disease when treating STEMI patients, especially patients without traditional cardiovascular risk factors. Moreover, CAG and intracoronary imaging examinations should be actively performed to identify the aetiology and improve the treatment success rate.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Myocardial Infarction , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/diagnostic imaging , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/etiology , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/therapy , COVID-19/complications , Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Coronary Angiography/adverse effects , Thrombolytic Therapy/adverse effects , Hematoma/complications
5.
Can J Neurol Sci ; 48(1): 59-65, 2021 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2265734

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: We investigated the impact of regionally imposed social and healthcare restrictions due to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) to the time metrics in the management of acute ischemic stroke patients admitted at the regional stroke referral site for Central South Ontario, Canada. METHODS: We compared relevant time metrics between patients with acute ischemic stroke receiving intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) and/or endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) before and after the declared restrictions and state of emergency imposed in our region (March 17, 2020). RESULTS: We identified a significant increase in the median door-to-CT times for patients receiving intravenous tPA (19 min, interquartile range (IQR): 14-27 min vs. 13 min, IQR: 9-17 min, p = 0.008) and/or EVT (20 min, IQR: 15-33 min vs. 11 min, IQR: 5-20 min, p = 0.035) after the start of social and healthcare restrictions in our region compared to the previous 12 months. For patients receiving intravenous tPA treatment, we also found a significant increase (p = 0.005) in the median door-to-needle time (61 min, IQR: 46-72 min vs. 37 min, IQR: 30-50 min). No delays in the time from symptom onset to hospital presentation were uncovered for patients receiving tPA and/or endovascular reperfusion treatments in the first 1.5 months after the establishment of regional and institutional restrictions due to the COVID-19 pandemic. CONCLUSION: We detected an increase in our institutional time to treatment metrics for acute ischemic stroke patients receiving tPA and/or endovascular reperfusion therapies, related to delays from hospital presentation to the acquisition of cranial CT imaging for both tPA- and EVT-treated patients, and an added delay to treatment with tPA.


Délais dans le traitement en milieu hospitalier des AVC aigus dans le contexte de la pandémie de COVID-19. CONTEXTE: Nous nous sommes penchés, dans le contexte de la pandémie de COVID-19, sur l'impact de restrictions régionales imposées dans le domaine social et dans les soins de santé sur les délais de prise en charge de patients victimes d'un AVC aigu. À noter que ces patients ont été admis dans un centre régional de traitement des AVC situé dans le centre-ouest de l'Ontario (Canada). MÉTHODES: Nous avons comparé entre eux les délais de prise en charge de patients ayant bénéficié d'activateurs tissulaires du plasminogène par intraveineuse (tPA) et/ou d'une procédure de thrombectomie endovasculaire (TE) avant et après la mise sur pied de restrictions et l'imposition d'un état d'urgence sanitaire dans notre région (17 mars 2020). RÉSULTATS: Après la mise sur pied de ces restrictions, nous avons identifié, par rapport aux 12 mois précédent, une augmentation notable des délais médians entre l'arrivée à l'hôpital et un examen de tomodensitométrie dans le cas de patients bénéficiant de tPA (19 minutes, EI : 14­27 minutes contre 13 minutes, EI : 9­17 minutes ; p = 0,008) et/ou d'une procédure de TE (20 minutes, EI : 15­33 minutes contre 11 minutes, EI : 5­20 minutes ; p = 0,035). Pour ce qui est des patients bénéficiant de tPA, nous avons également observé une augmentation importante (p = 0,005) des délais médians entre leur arrivée à l'hôpital et l'injection d'un traitement (61 minutes, EI : 46­72 minutes contre 37 minutes, EI : 30­50 minutes). Enfin, dans le premier mois et demi suivant la mise sur pied des restrictions régionales et institutionnelles attribuables à la pandémie de COVID-19, aucun délai supplémentaire entre l'apparition des premiers symptômes d'un AVC et l'arrivée à l'hôpital n'a été remarqué pour des patients bénéficiant de tPA et/ou d'une procédure de TE. CONCLUSION: En somme, nous avons détecté une augmentation de nos délais de traitement dans le cas de patients victimes d'un AVC aigu ayant bénéficié de tPA et/ou d'une procédure de TE. Cela peut être attribué à une augmentation des délais de présentation à l'hôpital mais aussi à des délais dans l'obtention d'images de tomodensitométrie pour des patients traités avec des tPA et une procédure de TE, sans compter des délais accrus pour bénéficier d'un traitement de tPA.


Subject(s)
Endovascular Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Ischemic Stroke/therapy , Thrombectomy/statistics & numerical data , Thrombolytic Therapy/statistics & numerical data , Time-to-Treatment/trends , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19 , Delivery of Health Care/trends , Female , Fibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use , Humans , Ischemic Stroke/diagnostic imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Ontario , SARS-CoV-2 , Tissue Plasminogen Activator/therapeutic use , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/statistics & numerical data
6.
Can J Neurol Sci ; 48(1): 122-126, 2021 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2264826

ABSTRACT

This is an observational cohort study comparing 156 patients evaluated for acute stroke between March 30 and May 31, 2020 at a comprehensive stroke center with 138 patients evaluated during the corresponding time period in 2019. During the pandemic, the proportion of COVID-19 positive patients was low (3%), the time from symptom onset to hospital presentation was significantly longer, and a smaller proportion of patients underwent reperfusion therapy. Among patients directly evaluated at our institution, door-to-needle and door-to-recanalization metrics were significantly longer. Our findings support concerns that the current pandemic may have a negative impact on the management of acute stroke.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Hemorrhagic Stroke/therapy , Ischemic Stroke/therapy , Thrombectomy/trends , Thrombolytic Therapy/trends , Time-to-Treatment/trends , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Endovascular Procedures/trends , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Quebec , SARS-CoV-2
7.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 32(4): 107036, 2023 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2273586

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Early in the pandemic, there was a substantial increase in telestroke uptake among hospitals. The motivations for using telestroke during the pandemic might have been different than for hospitals that adopted telestroke previously. We compared stroke care at hospitals that adopted telestroke prior to the pandemic to care at hospitals that adopted telestroke during the pandemic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Stroke episodes and telestroke use were identified in Medicare Fee-for-Service Data. Hospital and episode characteristics were compared between pre-pandemic (Jan. 2019-Mar. 2020) and pandemic (Apr. 2020-Dec. 2020) adopters. RESULTS: Hospital bed counts, critical access statuses, stroke volumes, clinical operating margins, shares of stroke care via telestroke, and vascular neurology consult rates did not differ significantly between pre-pandemic and pandemic-adopting hospitals. Hospitals that never adopted telestroke during the study period were more likely to be small critical access hospitals with low clinical operating margins. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to hospitals that adopted telestroke before the pandemic, hospitals that adopted telestroke during the pandemic were similar in characteristics and how they used telestroke.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Stroke , Telemedicine , Aged , Humans , United States/epidemiology , Pandemics , Medicare , Stroke/diagnosis , Stroke/epidemiology , Stroke/therapy , Thrombolytic Therapy
8.
Brain Behav ; 13(5): e2977, 2023 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2277216

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is a time-dependent treatment with a narrow therapeutic time window, in which the time delay could result from the deadline effect. METHODS: One hospital-based cohort was recruited to detect the factors contributing to the deadline effect, where patients with the deadline effect were defined as those who were presented with the onset-to-door time (ODT) in the first 50%, while the door-to-needle time (DNT) was in the last quartile. DNT (in-hospital delay) was further subdivided into several time intervals [door-to-examination time (DET), door-to-imaging time (DIT), door-to-laboratory time (DLT), and decision-making time (DMT) of the patients or their proxies. RESULTS: A total of 186 IVT cases were enrolled, of which 17.2% (32/186) suffered a delay of the deadline effect. The median age was 66 years, and 35.5% were female. Baseline characteristics were similar between the two groups (all p > .05). For the comparisons of the time intervals, DIT (26 versus 15 min, p = .001) was significantly longer in the group with deadline effect, while the differences of DET, DLT, DMT, and ONT did not reach statistical significance (all p > .05). Upon multivariable adjustment in the binary logistic regression model, longer DIT [odds ratio (OR), 1.076; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.036-1.118; p < .001], and history of coronary heart disease (OR, 3.898; 95%CI, 1.415-10.735; p = .008) were independently associated with deadline effect in the binary logistic regression model, while admitted in the working day (OR, 0.674; 95%CI, 0.096-0.907; p = .033), and having medical insurance (OR, 0.350; 95% CI, 0.132-0.931; p = .035) were negatively associated with the deadline effect. CONCLUSIONS: A speed-safety tradeoff phenomenon from the deadline effect was observed in 17.2% of IVT cases during the COVID-19 pandemic, where longer DIT contributed a lot to this time delay. Patients without medical insurance, or admitted in official holidays were more likely to experience a delay of the deadline effect.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia , COVID-19 , Ischemic Stroke , Stroke , Thrombosis , Humans , Female , Aged , Male , Stroke/therapy , Ischemic Stroke/drug therapy , Thrombolytic Therapy/methods , Pandemics , Fibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use , Brain Ischemia/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome
9.
Eur J Neurol ; 30(4): 943-950, 2023 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2280371

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: During the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic many countries reported a decline in stroke volumes. The aim of this study was to analyze if the decline was related to the intensity of the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: The first pandemic year (1 March 2020 to 28 February 2021) overall and during the three COVID-19 waves were compared with the preceding year. Volumes of acute ischaemic stroke (AIS), subarachnoid hemorrhage, intracerebral hemorrhage and recanalization treatments (intravenous thrombolysis [IVT] and mechanical thrombectomy [MT]) were obtained from the National Register of Reimbursed Health Services. Door-to-needle time, onset-to-door time and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale at admission were obtained from the Registry of Stroke Care Quality. RESULTS: During the pandemic year compared to the preceding year there were 26,453 versus 28,771 stroke admissions, representing an 8.8% decline (p < 0.001). The declines (-10%, -11%, -19%) appeared in COVID-19 waves (spring 2020, autumn 2020, winter 2021) except for an increase (2%) during summer 2020. Admissions for AIS declined by 10.2% (p < 0.001), whilst hemorrhagic stroke volumes were minimally decreased. The absolute volumes of IVT and MT decreased by 9.4% (p < 0.001) and 5.7% (p = 0.16), respectively. However, the proportions of ischaemic stroke patients receiving IVT (18% vs. 18%; p = 0.72) and MT (6% vs. 6%; p = 0.28) remained unchanged. CONCLUSIONS: There was a decline in stroke admissions, but such decline was not related to COVID-19 incidence. The frequency of use of recanalization procedures (IVT, MT) and times (onset-to-door time, door-to-needle time) in AIS were preserved in the Czech Republic during the first year of the pandemic.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia , COVID-19 , Ischemic Stroke , Stroke , Humans , Stroke/therapy , Brain Ischemia/therapy , Thrombolytic Therapy/methods , Thrombectomy/methods , Pandemics , Treatment Outcome , Hospitalization
10.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 4429, 2023 03 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2286255

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has caused an unprecedented disruption to health care systems around the globe. Stroke is still an ongoing issue during the pandemic. We investigated the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on emergent stroke care in Beijing, China. This is a retrospective analysis of two groups of patients with acute ischaemic stroke (AIS) registered in the Beijing Emergency Care Database between January 1, 2019, and December 31, 2020. Based on a database including 77 stroke centres, the quantity and quality of emergency care for stroke were compared. Subgroup analyses based on hospitals in different areas (high-risk and low/medium-risk areas) were carried out. A total of 6440 and 8699 admissions with suspected stroke were recorded in 2020 and 2019, respectively. There were no significant differences in the mean age and sex distribution for the patients between the two observational periods. The number of AIS admissions decreased by approximately 23.9% during the COVID-19 pandemic compared to that during the prepandemic period. The proportions of intravenous thrombolysis and endovascular treatment were 76.4% and 13.1%, respectively, in 2020, which were higher than those in 2019 (71.7% and 9.3%, respectively). There was no statistically significant difference in the time from stroke onset to arrival at the hospital (97.97 ± 23.09 min vs. 99.40 ± 20.76 min, p = 0.832) between the two periods. The door-to-needle time for thrombolysis (44.92 ± 9.20 min vs. 42.37 ± 9.06 min, p < 0.001) and door-to-thrombectomy time (138.56 ± 32.45 min vs. 120.55 ± 32.68 min, p < 0.001) were increased significantly in the pandemic period compared to those in the prepandemic period, especially in hospitals in high-risk areas. The decline in the number of patients with AIS and delay in treatment started after the launch of the level-1 public health emergency response and returned to stability after the release of professional protocols and consensus statements. Disruptions to medical services during the COVID-19 pandemic have substantially impacted AIS patients, with a clear drop in admission and a decline in the quality of emergent AIS care, especially in hospitals in high-risk areas and at the time of the initial outbreak of COVID-19. Health care systems need to maintain rapid adaptation to possible outbreaks of COVID-19 or similar crises in the future.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia , COVID-19 , Ischemic Stroke , Stroke , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , Stroke/epidemiology , Stroke/therapy , Beijing , Pandemics , Brain Ischemia/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Thrombolytic Therapy/methods , Ischemic Stroke/epidemiology , Ischemic Stroke/therapy
11.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 29(7): 1898-1906, 2023 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2263382

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Whether the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is associated with a long-term negative impact on acute stroke care remains uncertain. This study aims to compare the timing of key aspects of stroke codes between patients before and after the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was conducted at an academic hospital in Shanghai, China and included all adult patients with acute ischemic stroke hospitalized via the emergency department (ED) stroke pathway during the 24 months since the COVID-19 outbreak (COVID-19: January 1, 2020-December 31, 2021). The comparison cohort included patients with ED stroke pathway visits and hospitalizations during the same period (pre-COVID-19: January 1, 2018-December 31, 2019). We compared critical time points of prehospital and intrahospital acute stroke care between patients during the COVID-19 era and patients during the pre-COVID-19 era using t test, χ2 , and Mann-Whitney U test where appropriate. RESULTS: A total of 1194 acute ischemic stroke cases were enrolled, including 606 patients in COVID-19 and 588 patients in pre-COVID-19. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the median onset-to-hospital time was about 108 min longer compared with the same period of pre-COVID-19 (300 vs 192 min, p = 0.01). Accordingly, the median onset-to-needle time was 169 min in COVID-19 and 113 min in pre-COVID-19 (p = 0.0001), and the proportion of patients with onset-to-hospital time within 4.5 h was lower (292/606 [48.2%] vs 328/558 [58.8%], p = 0.0003) during the pandemic period. Furthermore, the median door-to-inpatient admission and door-to-inpatient rehabilitation times increased from 28 to 37 h and from 3 to 4 days (p = 0.014 and 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: During the 24 months of COVID-19, a prolongation of stroke onset to hospital arrival and to intravenous rt-PA administration times were noted. Meanwhile, acute stroke patients needed to stay in the ED for a longer time before hospitalization. Educational system support and process optimization should be pursued in order to acquire timely delivery of stroke care during the pandemic.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Ischemic Stroke , Stroke , Adult , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , Pandemics , Ischemic Stroke/epidemiology , Ischemic Stroke/therapy , Retrospective Studies , China/epidemiology , Time-to-Treatment , Stroke/epidemiology , Stroke/therapy , Thrombolytic Therapy
12.
BMC Neurol ; 23(1): 72, 2023 Feb 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2247825

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The corononavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic resulted in modifications in the workflow and redistribution of human resources, causing challenges in setting up of an acute stroke service. We would like to share our preliminary outcome amid this pandemic, to determine if the implementation of COVID-19 standard operating procedures (SOPs) affected the delivery of our hyperacute stroke service. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed one-year data from our stroke registry that began with the establishment of our hyperacute stroke service at Universiti Putra Malaysia Teaching Hospital from April 2020 until May 2021. RESULTS: Setting up acute stroke services during the pandemic with constrained manpower and implementation of COVID-19 SOPs, was challenging. There was a significant dip of stroke admission from April to June 2020 due to the Movement Control Order (MCO) implemented by the government to curb the spread of COVID-19. However, the numbers of stroke admission steadily rose approaching 2021, after the implementation of recovery MCO. We managed to treat 75 patients with hyperacute stroke interventions i.e. intravenous thrombolysis (IVT), mechanical thrombectomy (MT) or both. Despite implementing COVID-19 SOPs and using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as our first line acute stroke imaging modality, clinical outcomes in our cohort were encouraging; almost 40% of patients who underwent hyperacute stroke treatment had early neurological recovery (ENR), and only 33% of patients had early neurological stability (ENS). In addition, we were able to maintain our door-to-imaging (DTI) and door-to-needle (DTN) time in line with international recommendations. CONCLUSIONS: Our data reflects that COVID-19 SOPs did not deter successful delivery of hyperacute stroke services in our center. However, bigger and multi center studies are required to support our findings.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia , COVID-19 , Stroke , Humans , Pandemics , Retrospective Studies , Stroke/epidemiology , Stroke/therapy , Thrombolytic Therapy/methods , Treatment Outcome , Thrombectomy/methods , Brain Ischemia/therapy
13.
J Extra Corpor Technol ; 54(3): 235-238, 2022 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2227188

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 morbidity and mortality are not equivalent to other etiologies of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) as fulminant activation of coagulation can occur, thereby resulting in widespread microvascular thrombosis and consumption of coagulation factors. A 53-year-old female presented to an emergency center on two occasions with progressive gastrointestinal and respiratory symptoms. She was diagnosed with COVID-19 pneumonia and admitted to a satellite intensive care unit with hypoxemic respiratory failure. She was intubated and mechanically ventilated, but her ARDS progressed over the next 48 hours. The patient was emergently cannulated for veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (V-V ECMO) and transferred to our hospital. She was in profound shock requiring multiple vasopressors for hemodynamic support with worsening clinical status on arrival. On bedside echocardiography, she was found to have a massive pulmonary embolism with clot-in-transit visualized in the right atrium and right ventricular outflow tract. After a multidisciplinary discussion, systemic thrombolytic therapy was administered. The patient's hemodynamics improved and vasopressors were discontinued. This case illustrates the utility of bedside echocardiography in shock determination, the need for continued vigilance in the systematic evaluation of unstable patients in the intensive care unit, and the use of systemic thrombolytics during V-V ECMO in a novel disease process with evolving understanding.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Pulmonary Embolism , Respiratory Distress Syndrome , Thrombosis , Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation/methods , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/therapy , Pulmonary Embolism/etiology , Pulmonary Embolism/therapy , Respiratory Distress Syndrome/etiology , Respiratory Distress Syndrome/therapy , Thrombolytic Therapy
17.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 32(4): 107031, 2023 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2181010

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Cerebrovascular stroke (CVS) is one of the well-known complications of coronavirus-2019 (Covid-19), but less is known about the outcome and safety of thrombolytic therapy in these patients. In this study we compare the efficacy and safety of Tissue plasminogen activator (rTPA) in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients with or without Covid-19 infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comparative prospective study in which all patients who presented with AIS and eligible for rTPA were recruited from the emergency department and classified into 2 groups (AIS with Covid-19 infection and AIS without Covid-19 as controls). Demographic data, symptoms of Covid-19, clinical examination, neuroimaging, and laboratory investigations were obtained in each patient. National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) and the Modified Rankin Scale (mRS) were assessed before, immediately after rTPA, and 3 months later. RESULTS: There were 22 patients in the COVID-19 group and 25 control patients. Those with COVID-19 were more likely to have a history of smoking and Diabetes Mellitus than controls. On admission, motor symptoms were more severe in patients with COVID-19. COVID-19 patients were more likely to have symptomatic intra-cerebral hemorrhage and radiological hemorrhagic transformation than controls. Onset to door time (ODT) and onset to successful reperfusion time were significantly longer in Covid-19 patients than controls. Clinical improvement and frequency of re-occlusion and recurrent ischemic stroke at 3 months follow-up did not differ between groups, although there was higher number of deaths (27.3%) in the Covid-19 group than controls (16%). CONCLUSIONS: Using rTPA is safe and effective in patients with AIS with or without COVID-19 infection despite the high frequency of hemorrhagic transformation and high number of deaths.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia , COVID-19 , Ischemic Stroke , Stroke , Humans , Tissue Plasminogen Activator/adverse effects , Fibrinolytic Agents/adverse effects , Ischemic Stroke/diagnostic imaging , Ischemic Stroke/drug therapy , Prospective Studies , COVID-19/complications , Stroke/diagnostic imaging , Stroke/drug therapy , Thrombolytic Therapy/adverse effects , Thrombolytic Therapy/methods , Treatment Outcome , Brain Ischemia/diagnostic imaging , Brain Ischemia/drug therapy
18.
BMC Neurol ; 23(1): 10, 2023 Jan 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2196100

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: We investigated the influence of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on the number of patients with acute ischemic stroke who received intravenous thrombolytic therapy (ITT) in Dalian, China, in 2020. METHODS: This retrospective descriptive study, conducted from February 1, 2020, to August 31, 2020, examined 13 hospitals in Dalian that participated in the "stroke emergency map". To use this "stroke emergency map" of China, patients followed the official "Stroke Map" WeChat account and dialed 120 for emergency medical services. We analyzed the number of patients with acute ischemic stroke who underwent ITT. In particular, we examined the onset-to-door time (ODT), door-to-needle time (DNT), onset-to-needle time (ONT), mode of transportation to the hospital, and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores before and after ITT. Data were collected for the aforementioned period and compared with the 2021 baseline data from the same time of year. The Mann‒Whitney U test was performed for data analysis. RESULTS: Compared with the data from 2020, the number of patients with acute ischemic stroke who underwent ITT increased (from 735 to 1719 cases) in 2021, but the DNT decreased (from 59 to 45 min; P = 0.002). Moreover, 83.9% of patients in 2020 presented to the hospital without ambulance transport, compared to 81.1% of patients in the 2021 non-COVID-19 pandemic period. Patients with NIHSS scores of 6-14 were more likely to call an ambulance for transport to the hospital than to transport themselves to the emergency department. CONCLUSIONS: During the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic, the DNT was prolonged as a result of strengthened fever surveillance. In 2021, the number of patients with acute ischemic stroke who underwent ITT increased compared to the previous year. Notably, the growth in the number of patients with acute ischemic stroke who underwent ITT benefited from both the "stroke emergency map" of China and the "green channel," a novel treatment approach that focuses on the rational design of the rescue process. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Our study was a retrospective descriptive study, not a clinical trial, thus we did not have to register for clinical trials.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia , COVID-19 , Ischemic Stroke , Stroke , Humans , Tissue Plasminogen Activator/therapeutic use , Ischemic Stroke/drug therapy , Ischemic Stroke/epidemiology , Pandemics , Retrospective Studies , Brain Ischemia/complications , Brain Ischemia/drug therapy , Brain Ischemia/epidemiology , Treatment Outcome , Fibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use , Thrombolytic Therapy , Stroke/drug therapy , Stroke/epidemiology , Time-to-Treatment
19.
BMJ Open ; 13(1): e066623, 2023 01 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2193796

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: In COVID-19-related acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), the clot play a role in gas exchange abnormalities. Fibrinolytic therapy can improve alveolar ventilation by restoring blood flow. In this systematic review and meta-analysis protocol, we aim to assess the safety and efficacy of fibrinolytic therapy in such a population. METHODS: We will perform a systematic search in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane CENTRAL and LILACS databases without language restrictions for relevant randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-RCTs. Two review authors will independently perform data extraction and quality assessments of data from included studies. In case of divergence, a third author will be contacted. The Cochrane handbook will be used for guidance. If the results are not appropriate for a meta-analysis, a descriptive analysis will be performed. DISCUSSION: This systematic review and meta-analysis protocol will provide current evidence about the safety and efficacy of fibrinolytic therapy in patients with COVID-19 and ARDS. These findings will provide if fibrinolytic therapy might be an option for a desperate clinical setting, where all medical efforts have been used. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: PROSPERO CRD42020187482. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethics committee approval is not necessary. We intend to update the public registry, report any protocol amendments and publish the results in a widely accessible journal.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Respiratory Distress Syndrome , Humans , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Respiratory Distress Syndrome/drug therapy , Thrombolytic Therapy
20.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 28: 10760296221131801, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2162205

ABSTRACT

Acute ischemic stroke (AIS), characterized by high morbidity and mortality, has imposed a considerable burden on society. Despite rapid development in the treatment of AIS, there is still a high risk of recurrence. Furthermore, there is a time delay in waiting for the results of conventional coagulation tests in candidate patients for intravenous thrombolysis therapy. Heterogeneous responses to antiplatelet, intravascular thrombolysis, and endovascular therapies also worsen the situation. Thromboelastography (TEG), as a global and portable detection method for hemostasis, facilitates clinicians in disease monitoring, treatment evaluation, and prognosis prediction in AIS. In this narrative review, we provided a comprehensive summary of the clinical application of TEG in ischemic stroke and gave insights to further studies.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia , Ischemic Stroke , Stroke , Humans , Thrombelastography , Blood Coagulation Tests , Thrombolytic Therapy/methods , Treatment Outcome
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