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BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 1284, 2022 07 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1974135


BACKGROUND: Emerging international evidence indicates the COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated socioeconomic and health challenges faced by transgender (trans) and non-binary populations globally. This qualitative study is among the first to characterize impacts of the pandemic on these groups in Canada. METHODS: Drawing on data from the Trans PULSE Canada survey (N = 820), we used thematic analysis to examine the free-form responses of 697 participants to one open-ended question on impacts of the pandemic. We first organized responses into descriptive themes, and then used this preliminary analytical process to construct more refined, higher order themes that provided a rich account of the pandemic's impacts. RESULTS: Our results are organized into five themes that highlight the pandemic's impacts on trans and non-binary populations in Canada. These include: (1) reduced access to both gender-affirming and other healthcare, (2) heightened financial, employment, and housing precarity, (3) strained social networks in an era of physical distancing and virtual communication, (4) an intensification of safety concerns, and (5) changes in experiences of gender affirmation. CONCLUSION: Our findings highlight the pandemic's systemic impacts on the lives of trans and non-binary people in domains such as healthcare, employment, and housing, and on the social networks of these groups, many of which reflect an exacerbation of pre-existing inequities. Based on our analysis, we recommend that public health researchers, policymakers, and practitioners attend to the structural impacts of the pandemic on these groups as primary sites of inquiry and intervention.

COVID-19 , Transgender Persons , Transsexualism , COVID-19/epidemiology , Canada/epidemiology , Humans , Pandemics
Pediatr Ann ; 50(9): e366-e370, 2021 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1417220


The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic has put strains on transgender and gender expansive (TGE) children and youth, with increased rates of anxiety and depression, lower access to medical and mental health services, and greater exposure to unaccepting home environments. At the same time, for some of these young people, particularly those with supportive living situations, sheltering in place and online schooling has afforded them the opportunity to freely explore and consolidate their gender, protected from the strains of socially induced anxieties, and anticipated or experienced negative, hostile messages from their surrounding environment (ie, school or public meeting places). Culling from emerging data on the psychosocial effects of the pandemic on TGE children and youth, an argument is made for an understanding of these young people's experiences as both stress-inducing and resilience-building, each existing in dialectic tension with the other. Providers are called on to hold both in mind to fortify the biopsychosocial well-being of transgender and gender expansive children and youth. [Pediatr Ann. 2021;50(9):e366-e370.].

COVID-19 , Physical Distancing , Transgender Persons/psychology , Transsexualism/psychology , Adolescent , Child , Gender Identity , Humans , SARS-CoV-2
J Homosex ; 68(4): 592-611, 2021 Mar 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1050028


While the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States disproportionately impacts marginalized communities, no empiric US-based research has focused specifically on transgender and gender nonbinary (TGNB) people. We examined the pandemic's impact on an established longitudinal cohort of TGNB individuals (N = 208) by administering an online survey between March-June 2020. We used multivariable linear regression to examine reduced LGBTQ/TGNB community support and disruptions in gender-affirming health care as predictors of psychological distress during the pandemic. We found that the pandemic exacerbated ongoing mental health disparities for TGNB individuals. Furthermore, reduced LGBTQ/TGNB support was associated with increased psychological distress during the pandemic. Interruption and/or delay in gender-affirming health care was not associated with increased psychological distress during the pandemic. Special attention is needed to address the unique ways in which TGNB individuals were affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. This includes increasing access to LGBTQ/TGNB community support and addressing long-standing health disparities.

COVID-19/psychology , Pandemics , Transgender Persons/psychology , Adult , COVID-19/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Female , Humans , Longitudinal Studies , Male , Mental Health , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2 , Transsexualism , United States/epidemiology
Psicol. soc. (Online) ; 32: e020018, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-750902


Resumo Diante de uma crise sanitária e humanitária sem precedentes, o negacionismo do governo de extrema-direita tem conduzido a uma gestão desastrosa da pandemia de COVID-19 no Brasil. Defendemos o argumento de que está em curso um projeto deliberado de extermínio das populações mais vulneráveis. Este estudo tem por objetivo analisar os impactos das medidas de distanciamento social na comunidade trans, buscando oferecer subsídios para articular uma compreensão que favoreça uma gestão ético-política da pandemia. No artigo, desenvolvemos esse argumento em torno das consequências da necropolítica sobre as vidas precárias. Incorporamos as vozes de pessoas trans e ligadas ao ativismo trans que compartilham suas experiências de apoio à comunidade. Situamos os processos sociais em curso que produzem normatizações que regulam e vulnerabilizam os corpos periféricos trans. Solidariedade e medidas para mitigar o sofrimento dos excluídos podem representar uma inflexão no processo em curso de institucionalização da desigualdade.

Resumen Ante una crisis sanitaria y humanitaria sin precedentes, la negación del gobierno de extrema derecha ha llevado a una gestión desastrosa de la pandemia de COVID-19 en Brasil. Defendemos el argumento de que está en marcha un proyecto deliberado para exterminar a las poblaciones más vulnerables. Este estudio tiene como objetivo analizar los impactos de las medidas de aislamiento social en la comunidad trans, buscando ofrecer subsidios para articular un entendimiento que favorezca un manejo ético-político de la pandemia. En el artículo, desarrollamos este argumento en torno a las consecuencias de la necropolítica en las vidas precarias. Incorporamos las voces de personas trans y vinculadas al activismo trans que comparten sus experiencias de apoyo a la comunidad. Situamos los procesos sociales en curso que producen normas que regulan y hacen vulnerables los cuerpos trans periféricos. La solidaridad y las medidas para mitigar el sufrimiento de los excluidos pueden representar una inflexión en el proceso en curso de institucionalización de la desigualdad.

Abstract In the face of an unprecedented health and humanitarian crisis, the denial of the far-right government has led to a disastrous management of the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil. We defend the argument that a deliberate project to exterminate the most vulnerable populations is underway. This study aims to analyze the impacts of social distancing measures in the trans community, seeking to offer subsidies to articulate an understanding that favors an ethical-political management of the pandemic. In the article we developed this argument around the consequences of necropolitics on precarious lives. We incorporate the voices of people linked to trans activism who share their experiences supporting the community. We situate the ongoing social processes that produce norms that regulate and make the peripheral trans bodies vulnerable. Solidarity and measures to mitigate the suffering of the excluded may represent an inflexion in the ongoing process of institutionalizing inequality.

Humans , Male , Female , Social Isolation , Transsexualism/psychology , Pandemics , COVID-19 , Politics , Vulnerable Populations , Solidarity