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1.
Dtsch Med Wochenschr ; 146(9): 603-607, 2021 Apr.
Article in German | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1209634

ABSTRACT

HISTORY AND CLINICAL FINDINGS: A 68-year-old male patient with psorias and a bullous pemphigoid as an underlying disease developed bilateral groundglass opacities on chest CT under longer-term, higher-dose immunosuppressive therapy with methylprednisolone with clinical symptoms of dry cough, progressive dyspnea and fever. DIAGNOSIS AND THERAPY: After the exclusion of COVID-19, Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) was detected and a corresponding high-dose therapy with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole was initiated promptly. COURSE: Nonetheless, a complicated course with bacterial superinfection and pulmonary aspergillosis as well as ARDS developed. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: In contrast to COVID-19, the typical course, diagnosis and therapy of Pneumocystitis jirovecii pneumonia are discussed. It is particularly emphasized that not all ground glass infiltrates in the CT chest image can be traced back to a COVID-19, even in a pandemic situation. Possible differential diagnoses should always be considered and taken into account in the diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Pneumocystis carinii , Pneumonia, Pneumocystis , Aged , Antifungal Agents/administration & dosage , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , COVID-19 , Diagnosis, Differential , Humans , Male , Pneumonia, Pneumocystis/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Pneumocystis/drug therapy , Pneumonia, Pneumocystis/pathology , Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole Drug Combination/administration & dosage , Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole Drug Combination/therapeutic use
2.
Endocr J ; 68(4): 477-484, 2021 Apr 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1204140

ABSTRACT

We provide the details of the successful management of a patient with active Cushing's disease complicated with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia. The patient was a 27-year-old Japanese female healthcare worker who was scheduled to undergo pituitary surgery for Cushing's disease. She had been in close contact with an undiagnosed patient infected with COVID-19 and then developed COVID-19 pneumonia. Despite a lack of known risk factors associated with severe COVID-19 infection, the patient's dyspnea worsened and her respiratory condition deteriorated, as indicated by the need for 7 L/min oxygen supply by mask to maintain her oxygen saturation at >90%. Medical treatment was initiated to control hypercortisolism by the 'block and replace' regimen using steroidogenesis inhibitors and hydrocortisone. The COVID-19 pneumonia improved with multi-modal treatment including antiviral therapy. One month later, after a negative severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) test result and with appropriate protection against virus transmission to medical staff in the operating room and daily medical care nurses, trans-sphenoidal surgery was performed by our highly experienced pituitary surgeon. One month after the surgery, the patient's basal ACTH and cortisol levels and urinary free cortisol were all under the detection limit. Surgical remission was expected. Since hypercortisolism due to active Cushing's disease may worsen a COVID-19 infection, multi-disciplinary management that includes appropriate and prompt treatment strategies is mandatory in such cases.


Subject(s)
Amides/administration & dosage , Benzamidines/administration & dosage , COVID-19/therapy , Guanidines/administration & dosage , Metyrapone/administration & dosage , Pituitary ACTH Hypersecretion/therapy , Pregnenediones/administration & dosage , Pyrazines/administration & dosage , ACTH-Secreting Pituitary Adenoma/complications , ACTH-Secreting Pituitary Adenoma/drug therapy , Adenoma/complications , Adenoma/drug therapy , Adult , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/pathology , Combined Modality Therapy , Dihydrotestosterone/administration & dosage , Dihydrotestosterone/analogs & derivatives , Disease Progression , Female , Health Personnel , Heparin/administration & dosage , Humans , Japan , Neurosurgical Procedures , Pituitary ACTH Hypersecretion/blood , Pituitary ACTH Hypersecretion/complications , Pituitary ACTH Hypersecretion/pathology , SARS-CoV-2/physiology , Treatment Outcome , Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole Drug Combination/administration & dosage
3.
Am J Case Rep ; 21: e926464, 2020 Aug 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-721634

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND Although coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) manifests primarily as a lung infection, its involvement in acute kidney injury (AKI) is gaining recognition and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Concurrent infection, which may require administration of a potentially nephrotoxic agent, can worsen AKI and lead to poor outcomes. Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is a multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacillus associated with nosocomial infections, especially in severely immunocompromised and debilitated patients. Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole combination (TMP/SMX) is considered the treatment of choice but can itself lead to AKI, posing a significant challenge in the management of patients with concomitant COVID-19 and S. maltophilia pneumonia. CASE REPORT A 64-year-old male with end-stage renal disease and post renal transplant presented with severe respiratory symptoms of COVID-19 and was intubated upon admission. His renal functions were normal at the time of admission. The patient subsequently developed superimposed bacterial pneumonia with S. maltophilia requiring administration of TMP/SMX. However, TMP/SMX led to the development of AKI, which continued to worsen despite appropriate management including hemodialysis. This coincided with and most likely resulted in the patient's clinical deterioration and ultimate death. CONCLUSIONS The etiology of kidney disease involvement in patients with COVID-19 is still evolving and appears to be multifactorial. The condition can significantly worsen especially when nephrotoxic agents are given, probably due to a cumulative or synergistic effect. Great caution should be taken when administering nephrotoxic agents in the setting of COVID-19 as it can lead to adverse patient outcomes.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury/chemically induced , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections/complications , Pneumonia, Bacterial/microbiology , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole Drug Combination/adverse effects , Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage , Anti-Bacterial Agents/adverse effects , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Clinical Deterioration , Coinfection , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Fatal Outcome , Humans , Immunocompromised Host , Kidney Transplantation , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Bacterial/drug therapy , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , SARS-CoV-2 , Stenotrophomonas maltophilia , Transplant Recipients , Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole Drug Combination/administration & dosage
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