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1.
Ann Saudi Med ; 42(6): 408-414, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2144675

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Disease severity scores are important tools for predicting mortality in intensive care units (ICUs), but conventional disease severity scores may not be suitable for predicting mortality in coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) patients. OBJECTIVE: Compare conventional disease severity scores for discriminative power in ICU mortality. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort SETTING: Intensive care unit in tertiary teaching and research hospital. PATIENTS AND METHODS: COVID-19 patients who were admitted to our ICU between 11 March 2020 and 31 December 2021 were included in the study. Patients who died within the first 24 hours were not included. SAPS II, APACHE II and APACHE 4 scores were calculated within the first 24 hours of ICU admission. A receiver operating characteristics (ROC) analysis was performed for discriminative power of disease severity scores. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: ICU mortality SAMPLE SIZE AND CHARACTERISTICS: 510 subjects with median (interquartile percentiles) age of 65 (56-74) years. RESULTS: About half (n=250, 51%) died during ICU stay. Three disease severity scores had similar discriminative power, the area under the curve (AUC), SAPS II (AUC 0.79), APACHE II (AUC 0.76), APACHE 4 (AUC 0.78) (P<.001). Observed mortality was higher than predicted mortality according to conventional disease severity scores. CONCLUSION: Conventional disease severity scores are good indicators of COVID-19 severity. However, they may underestimate mortality in COVID-19. New scoring systems should be developed for mortality prediction in COVID-19. LIMITATION: A single-center study CONFLICT OF INTEREST: None.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , Aged , Retrospective Studies , COVID-19/diagnosis , Turkey/epidemiology , Intensive Care Units , Severity of Illness Index
2.
Psychiatr Danub ; 33(1): 18-26, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2100783

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic mental illness are frequently hospitalized and discharged from psychiatry wards. This situation is referred to as the "revolving door phenomenon" (RDP). In addition to factors related to the patient and the disease, limited number of beds leading to shortened hospital stay are among the reasons associated with frequent hospitalization. This study aims to compare patients with RDP and patients with single hospitalization in terms of clinical, sociodemographic, and treatment-oriented characteristics in order to evaluate the risk factors causing frequent hospitalization. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In this study, patients who were admitted and hospitalized between May 1, 2011 - May 1, 2016 were retrospectively evaluated from patient records. The RDP group consisted of 74 patients and the single-hospitalization group consisted of 59 patients who met inclusion criteria. RESULTS: The RDP group had significantly higher rates of male gender, ECT history, past suicide attempts, multiple drug treatment, clozapine use, legal incidents, and noncompliance to follow up following discharge compared to the single-hospitalization group (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that Turkey also has RDP patients with characteristics and hospitalization patterns similar to patients in countries with different cultural, social, and economic conditions. It is important to identify and correct factors that cause frequent hospitalization as it will reduce the burden of the health system as well as provide benefit to the patient.


Subject(s)
Bipolar Disorder , Psychotic Disorders , Schizophrenia , Bipolar Disorder/epidemiology , Hospitalization , Humans , Male , Mood Disorders , Psychotic Disorders/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Schizophrenia/epidemiology , Turkey/epidemiology
3.
Psychiatr Danub ; 32(3-4): 563-569, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2100779

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Healthcare professionals are one of the groups most affected by a pandemic that affects the whole world. This study aimed to determine the anxiety level of emergency medical services professionals in Ankara, Turkey after the emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In the first part of the survey, the participants of the study were asked about their socio-demographic characteristics and their contact with the COVID-19 patients. In the second part, a survey with 20 questions that determined the state anxiety level derived from the State Anxiety Inventory was performed after obtaining verbal consent. RESULTS: The mean age of the participants was 33.1±6.9, while 52.7% of all participants were males. In this study, the mean STAI Anxiety Score was 50.7±11.6. Anxiety scores were higher in females and those who had family members at risk of COVID-19 infection (p<0.05). The majority of those who had family members at risk of the infection started to stay in guesthouses instead of going home. Participants were worried about transmitting the infection to their family members (p<0.05). They felt more anxious when treating COVID-19 diagnosed or other patients (p<0.05). In addition, they thought that their anxiety level increased in general (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: The COVID-19 pandemic caused an anxiety increase in EMS workers in Turkey. Protecting the physical and mental health of the EMS employees who work at the front line against the COVID-19 pandemic and who have a high risk of infection, and ensuring their efficient work should be the main priority.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Emergency Medical Services , Anxiety/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Male , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Turkey/epidemiology
4.
Psychiatr Danub ; 32(2): 273-279, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2100758

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Turkey is one of the countries affected during the period of COVID-19 outbreak. The purpose of the current study is to investigate psychological resilience and depression in individuals during the period of COVID-19 outbreak in Turkey in relation to different variables. The study also aims to explore the relationship between psychological resilience and depression. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The current study was conducted on a total of 518 people over the social media through the Google e-forms. In the study, the "Short Psychological Resilience Scale" and the "Beck Depression Scale" were used to collect data. In the analysis of the collected data, t-test, One Way Anova, Mann-Whitney U Test, Kruskal Wallis-H Test, Pearson Correlation Coefficient were used. RESULTS: In the current study, psychological resilience and depression were investigated in relation to different variables. Psychological resilience was found to be higher male participants, educators,university graduates and groups with not mental health problems. Depression was found to be higher females, university students, high school and lower graduates,with mental health problems. When the relationship between psychological resilience and depression was investigated, it was found that there is a medium and negative correlation between them. Moreover, the cut-off point for the depression score was set to be 17 and the rate of the people having 17 points or higher scores was found to be 16.6%. CONCLUSION: In light of the findings of the current study, it can be suggested to offer more mental health care services to those having higher levels of depression. Studies can be conducted to improve online psychological support services. A medium and negative correlation was found between psychological resilience and depression in the current study, which shows that more importance should be attached to activities to improve psychological resilience.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/psychology , Depression/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/psychology , Resilience, Psychological , Adolescent , Adult , COVID-19 , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Turkey/epidemiology , Young Adult
5.
Turk J Med Sci ; 52(2): 445-455, 2022 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2101116

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Infective endocarditis (IE) is still a significant cause of morbidity and mortality among cardiovascular diseases. ENDOCARDITIS-TR study aims to evaluate the compliance of the diagnostic and therapeutic methods being used in Turkey with current guidelines. METHODS: The ENDOCARDITIS-TR trial is a multicentre, prospective, observational study consisting of patients admitted to tertiary centres with a definite diagnose of IE. In addition to the demographic, clinical, microbiological, and echocardiographic findings of the patients, adverse events, indications for surgery, and in-hospital mortality were recorded during a 2-year time interval. RESULTS: A total of 208 IE patients from 7 tertiary centres in Turkey were enrolled in the study. The study population included 125 (60.1%) native valve IE (NVE), 65 (31.3%) prosthetic IE (PVIE), and 18 (8.7%) intracardiac device-related IE (CDRIE). One hundred thirty-five patients (64.9%) were culture positive, and the most frequent pathogenic agent was methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) (18.3%). Among 155 (74.5%) patients with an indication for surgery, only 87 (56.1%) patients underwent surgery. The all-cause mortality rate was 29.3% in-hospital follow-up. Multivariable Cox regression analysis revealed that absence of surgery when indicated (HR: 3.29 95% CI: 0.93-11.64 p = 0.05), albumin level at admission (HR: 0.46 95% CI: 0.29-0.73 P < 0.01), abscess formation (HR: 2.11 95% CI: 1.01-4.38 p = 0.04) and systemic embolism (HR: 1.78 95% CI: 1.05-3.02 p = 0.03) were ascertained independent predictors of in-hospital all-cause mortality. DISCUSSION: The short-term results of the ENDOCARDITIS-TR trial showed the high frequency of staphylococcal IE, relatively high in-hospital mortality rates, shortage of surgical treatment despite guideline-based surgical indications and low usage of novel imaging techniques. The results of this study will provide a better insight to physicians in respect to their adherence to clinical practice guidelines.


Subject(s)
Endocarditis, Bacterial , Endocarditis , Albumins , Endocarditis/diagnosis , Endocarditis/microbiology , Endocarditis/therapy , Endocarditis, Bacterial/diagnosis , Endocarditis, Bacterial/microbiology , Endocarditis, Bacterial/therapy , Hospital Mortality , Humans , Methicillin , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Turkey/epidemiology
6.
J Int Med Res ; 50(11): 3000605221133009, 2022 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2098198

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of coronavirus disease 2019 restrictions on ultrasound (US) screening of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in a children's hospital. METHODS: The records of US screening of DDH were retrospectively evaluated in the pandemic period (April 2020 to July 2021) and the pre-pandemic period (January 2019 to February 2020). The monthly US number, sex, radiologist number, and age at the initial examination were recorded. RESULTS: A total of 6107 US scans were performed during the pre-pandemic period, which significantly decreased to 3340 during the pandemic. The number of monthly US scans performed did not change between the pre-pandemic (142.7/month) and pandemic (128.2/month) periods. The number of delayed examinations in the total population did not significantly change between the two periods. However, the number of delayed examinations in patients with abnormal hips was significantly increased during the pandemic compared with that in the pre-pandemic period. CONCLUSIONS: Coronavirus disease 2019 restrictions decreased the US screening rate of DDH by almost half, but the number of US scans performed by each radiologist was unchanged. The compliance with follow-up recommendations was reduced by half, which may lead to an increase in the incidence of delayed and untreated DDH cases.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip , Hip Dislocation, Congenital , Child , Humans , Infant , Hip Dislocation, Congenital/diagnostic imaging , Hip Dislocation, Congenital/epidemiology , Pandemics , COVID-19/diagnostic imaging , COVID-19/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Turkey/epidemiology , Ultrasonography
7.
Psychiatr Danub ; 34(3): 564-571, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2081404

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has put enormous stress on the health care workers, threatening not only their physical health but also their mental well-being. No mental health support program (MHSP) addressing depression and anxiety in healthcare workers (HCWs), has been shown to be effective in Turkey previously. We aimed to measure the effect of our MHSP among healthcare workers who applied for psychological help associated with the COVID-19 pandemic. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: An MHSP has been created for healthcare professionals working in a pandemic hospital during the COVID-19 period. Health workers were recruited between July and September 2020. Anxiety, depression, and insomnia levels were evaluated with HAM-A (Hamilton Anxiety Scale), HDRS (Hamilton Depression Scale), and Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) before and after the intervention. Sexual complaints were questioned by a consultant psychiatrist. MHSP (n=31), and treatment as usual (TAU, n=27) groups were compared using repeated-measures ANOVA. RESULTS: Sociodemographic data, medical history of COVID-19, and psychiatric diagnoses were similar between the groups. There was no difference in baseline HAM-A, HDRS, and ISI scores (p>0.05). At the end of the study, there was a significant difference between study groups regarding anxiety scores (For post-treatment, MHSP=8.0±2.6 vs. TAU=17.9±3.1, p<0.001) and depression symptoms (For post-treatment, MHSP=8.8±2.7 vs. TAU=20.0±2.4, p<0.001) but not in insomnia levels (For post-treatment, MHSP=6.5±2.4 vs. TAU=7.3±2.4, p=0.499). Likewise, both groups reported similar levels of improvement in reduced sexual drive. CONCLUSIONS: Our study results suggest that the MHSP effectively alleviates the psychiatric complaints of healthcare professionals. It is recommended to have mental support teams for healthcare professionals in hospitals.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Humans , Pandemics , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/epidemiology , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/therapy , Depression/epidemiology , Depression/therapy , Depression/psychology , Turkey/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2 , Anxiety/epidemiology , Anxiety/therapy , Anxiety/psychology , Health Personnel/psychology , Hospitals , Delivery of Health Care
8.
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr ; 31(3): 355-361, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2056208

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Malnutrition is common in elderly patients and is an important geriatric syndrome that increases mortality. We aim to examine the frequency of malnutrition and independent risk factors associated with mortality in hospitalized elderly patients with COVID-19. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Patients aged 65 years and older with COVID-19, who were hospitalized between 15th March and 30th April 2020, were included. Demographic characteristics of the patients, their comorbid diseases, medications, malnutrition, and mortality status were recorded. Nutritional Risk Screening-2002 was used as a malnutrition risk screening tool. The factors affecting mortality were analyzed using multivariate Binary Logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Of the 451 patients included in the study, the mean age was 74.8±7.46 and 51.2% of them were female. The mean number of comorbid diseases was 1.9±1.28. Malnutrition risk was 64.7%, polymorbidity rate was 57.6% and polypharmacy was 19.3%. Mortality rate was found 18.4%. The risk factors affecting mortality were presented as malnutrition risk (OR: 3.26, p=0.013), high number of comorbid diseases (OR: 1.48, p=0.006), and high neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (OR: 1.18, p<0.001), C-reactive protein (OR: 1.01, p<0.001), and ferritin (OR: 1.01, p=0.041) in elderly patients with COVID-19. Malnutrition risk (3.3 times), multiple comorbid diseases (1.5 times), and high neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (1.2 times) were independent risk factors that increased the mortality. CONCLUSIONS: The frequency of malnutrition risk and mortality in elderly patients with COVID-19 is high. The independent risk factors affecting mortality in these patients are the risk of malnutrition, multiple comorbid diseases, and a high neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Malnutrition , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , C-Reactive Protein , Female , Ferritins , Geriatric Assessment/methods , Humans , Male , Malnutrition/complications , Malnutrition/diagnosis , Malnutrition/epidemiology , Nutrition Assessment , Nutritional Status , Risk Factors , Turkey/epidemiology
9.
Curr HIV Res ; 20(3): 236-241, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2039561

ABSTRACT

AIMS: The COVID-19 pandemic has substantially changed lives and presented several barriers to health services. HIV care continuum needs a high rate of diagnosis, effective treatment, and sustained suppression of viral replication. The COVID-19 pandemic has affected these three steps of HIV care. This study investigated the characteristics of newly diagnosed patients living with HIV/AIDS (PLWH) during the COVID pandemic and compared them with those before the pandemic. METHODS: All newly diagnosed patients in three HIV healthcare centers, in Istanbul, Turkey, were included in the study. The pandemic period included April 1, 2020, to April 1, 2021, and the prepandemic period included March 1, 2019, to March 1, 2020. RESULTS: 756 patients were diagnosed with HIV/AIDS. In the pandemic period, this figure was 58% less: 315. Patients in the pre-pandemic and pandemic period had comparable age and gender distributions. PLWH diagnosed in the pandemic period had higher rates of low CD4 cells: low CD4 (<350 cells /mm3) was measured in 243 (36.4%) patients in the pre-pandemic period, while it was done in 126 (47.9%) in the pandemic period (p<0.01). Also, the distribution of CD4 cells was significantly different between periods: In the pandemic period, CD4 cell distribution significantly skewed to lower CD4 categories. Symptomatic patient rates and AIDS-defining disorder rates among symptomatic patients were comparable. Viral loads were not significantly different in the two periods. CONCLUSION: A low number of newly diagnosed PLWH can be explained by less HIV testing, less admission to health care, or an actual decrease of HIV prevalence during the pandemic. Sexual behaviors may have changed during the COVID-19 pandemic, leading to HIV transmission restriction. Lower CD4 counts among the newly diagnosed PLWH suggest that admittance to health care is late and a significant portion of PLWH remain undiagnosed.


Subject(s)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , COVID-19 , HIV Infections , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/epidemiology , COVID-19/epidemiology , HIV Infections/diagnosis , HIV Infections/epidemiology , Humans , Pandemics , Turkey/epidemiology
10.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 22(1): 227, 2022 Mar 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2038677

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression and maternal-infant attachment scores were examined in uninfected women during the COVID 19 pandemic in Kutahya, a rural province in Turkey's North Aegean region. METHODS: This cohort study was conducted in the Kutahya Health Sciences University Hospital obstetrics unit between April 2021 and August 2021. 178 low-risk term pregnant women who gave birth were given the surveys Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale and Mother-to-Infant Bonding Scale (MIBQ) 6 weeks after birth. The Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale was used to determine postpartum depression and the Mother-to-Infant Bonding Scale was used to determine maternal attachment. RESULTS: In this study, the postpartum depression rate was calculated as 17.4%. When depressed and non-depressed patients were compared, education level, maternal age, BMI, MIBQ score, history of previous pregnancies, route of delivery, previous operation history, economic status, employment status and pregnancy follow-up information were found to be similar (p > 0.05). The ratings on the Mother-to-Infant Bonding Scale were found to be similar in depressed and non-depressed patients (p > 0.05). The odds of maternal depression for patients who received guests at home was 3.068 (95%CI [1.149-8.191]) times the odds of patients who did not receive guests at home. CONCLUSIONS: Although a relationship has been found between accepting guests in the postpartum period and postpartum depression, it is necessary to investigate in further studies whether there is a causal relationship.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/psychology , Depression, Postpartum/epidemiology , Mother-Child Relations/psychology , Adult , Cohort Studies , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Object Attachment , Pregnancy , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Rural Population , Social Determinants of Health , Turkey/epidemiology
11.
Dent Med Probl ; 59(3): 343-350, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2030407

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The significant risk of cross-infection in dental practice has caused indecision among dental patients about whether to attend dental appointments. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has had a significant psychological impact on dental patients. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the levels of and the associated factors for fear and anxiety among dental patients during the COVID-19 pandemic in Turkey. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey consisting of 6 parts was conducted. The 6 parts were sociodemographic data, knowledge about COVID-19, information sources, the perception of COVID-19, the fear of COVID-19 scale (FCoV-19S), and the generalized anxiety disorder-7 scale (GAD-7). A total of 301 participants completed the survey. RESULTS: As many as 81% of the participants perceived COVID-19 as a serious disease, and 73% reported the fear of visiting their dental clinic due to the possibility of being infected with COVID-19. The participants' knowledge about COVID-19 was significantly correlated with gender, the educational status and the use of the Internet. There was a strong negative correlation between the participants' levels of knowledge and the FCoV-19S and GAD-7 scores. A significant positive correlation was observed between the FCoV-19S score and the GAD-7 score. In regression analysis, being female, perceiving COVID-19 as a serious disease, being afraid of going to the dentist, having a low knowledge score, and having a high GAD-7 score were the predictors of a high FCoV-19S score. CONCLUSIONS: This study determined that the COVID-19 pandemic had had significant psychological effects on dental patients in Turkey. The results also underline the importance of providing more educational information to the public about the strict infection control measures taken by dental clinics against COVID-19 transmission in order to eliminate misperception.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Anxiety/epidemiology , Anxiety/psychology , Anxiety Disorders/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Fear , Female , Humans , Male , Turkey/epidemiology
12.
Kidney Blood Press Res ; 47(10): 605-615, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2029580

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: We aimed to study the characteristics of peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients with coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19), determine the short-term mortality and other medical complications, and delineate the factors associated with COVID-19 outcome. METHODS: In this multicenter national study, we included PD patients with confirmed COVID-19 from 27 centers. The baseline demographic, clinical, laboratory, and radiological data and outcomes at the end of the first month were recorded. RESULTS: We enrolled 142 COVID-19 patients (median age: 52 years). 58.2% of patients had mild disease at diagnosis. Lung involvement was detected in 60.8% of patients. Eighty-three (58.4%) patients were hospitalized, 31 (21.8%) patients were admitted to intensive care unit and 24 needed mechanical ventilation. Fifteen (10.5%) patients were switched to hemodialysis and hemodiafiltration was performed for four (2.8%) patients. Persisting pulmonary symptoms (n = 27), lower respiratory system infection (n = 12), rehospitalization for any reason (n = 24), malnutrition (n = 6), hypervolemia (n = 13), peritonitis (n = 7), ultrafiltration failure (n = 7), and in PD modality change (n = 8) were reported in survivors. Twenty-six patients (18.31%) died in the first month of diagnosis. The non-survivor group was older, comorbidities were more prevalent. Fever, dyspnea, cough, serious-vital disease at presentation, bilateral pulmonary involvement, and pleural effusion were more frequent among non-survivors. Age (OR: 1.102; 95% CI: 1.032-1.117; p: 0.004), moderate-severe clinical disease at presentation (OR: 26.825; 95% CI: 4.578-157.172; p < 0.001), and baseline CRP (OR: 1.008; 95% CI; 1,000-1.016; p: 0.040) were associated with first-month mortality in multivariate analysis. DISCUSSION/CONCLUSIONS: Early mortality rate and medical complications are quite high in PD patients with COVID-19. Age, clinical severity of COVID-19, and baseline CRP level are the independent parameters associated with mortality.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Peritoneal Dialysis , Humans , Middle Aged , Turkey/epidemiology , Hospitalization , Renal Dialysis/methods , Retrospective Studies
13.
Biomark Med ; 16(13): 971-979, 2022 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2022431

ABSTRACT

Aim: We aimed to determine the prognostic performance of the Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS), systemic immune-inflammation index and early warning score (the 'ANDC' system) in patients with diabetes mellitus who had COVID-19. Patients & methods: Patients were divided into two groups: with and without diabetes mellitus. Results: In the diabetic patient group, the rates of in-hospital mortality, intensive care unit hospitalization and corticosteroid treatment were higher compared with the nondiabetic patient group (p < 0.05). A GPS of 2 was useful for predicting in-hospital mortality in diabetic patients (p < 0.05). The ANDC score was significantly higher in diabetic patients (p < 0.05) and in diabetic patients with mortality and those who needed ICU hospitalization (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The presence of a GPS of 2 at the time of admission and a high ANDC value were associated with poor prognosis in diabetic COVID-19 patients.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Diabetes Mellitus , COVID-19/complications , Hospitalization , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Turkey/epidemiology
14.
J Transcult Nurs ; 33(6): 742-751, 2022 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2020944

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Even under normal circumstances, anxiety is quite common among nursing students. Therefore, this study compared nursing students' health and coronavirus anxiety in two European countries. METHOD: The sample of the descriptive, cross-sectional study consisted of 685 undergraduate students studying at two different nursing schools in Turkey and Portugal. The study data were collected with the Personnel Data Collection Form, Coronavirus Anxiety Scale, and Short Health Anxiety Inventory. RESULTS: While there was no difference between the Coronavirus Anxiety Scale scores of Turkish and Portuguese nursing students (p > .05), a statistically significant difference was found between the Short Health Anxiety Inventory total scores and negative consequences scores (p < .05). DISCUSSION: Against the pandemic that the whole world is experiencing, it is recommended to compare nursing students in a cultural context and take precautions.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus , Students, Nursing , Anxiety/epidemiology , Anxiety/etiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Data Collection , Humans , Turkey/epidemiology
15.
Environ Monit Assess ; 194(10): 762, 2022 Sep 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2014248

ABSTRACT

With the increased urbanization, the rise of the manufacturing industry, and the use of fossil fuels, poor air quality is one of the most serious and pressing problems worldwide. The COVID-19 outbreak prompted absolute lockdowns in the majority of countries throughout the world, posing new research questions. The study's goals were to analyze air and temperature parameters in Turkey across various land cover classes and to investigate the correlation between air and temperature. For that purpose, remote sensing data from MODIS and Sentinel-5P TROPOMI were used from 2019 to 2021 over Turkey. A large amount of data was processed and analyzed in Google Earth Engine (GEE). Results showed a significant decrease in NO2 in urban areas. The findings can be used in long-term strategies for lowering global air pollution. Future research should look at similar investigations in various study sites and evaluate changes in air metrics over additional classes.


Subject(s)
Air Pollution , COVID-19 , COVID-19/epidemiology , Communicable Disease Control , Environmental Monitoring , Humans , Turkey/epidemiology
16.
Acta Orthop Belg ; 88(2): 269-274, 2022 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2002908

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 has now alarmed the whole world, putting many countries' health systems in trouble. We aimed to evaluate the affect of the new treatment strategy that shortens hospital stay in orthopedic trauma patients in pandemic.Trauma patients who underwent surgical treatment between March 15th-May 1st 2019 and 2020 were examined about time interval from admission to surgery, period from surgery to discharge and total hospital stay time. This cohort was compared to a retrospective cohort of patients admitted for the same reasons in the same period of the previous year. During COVID pandemia, 51 trauma patients operated with the mean period from admission to operation 1.45 days, faster than the previous year's same period (3.76 days). From operation day to discharge time was 1.6 days in pandemic period and 4.3 days last year. The total hospitalization period (3,05 days) was significantly shorter in pandemic than the same period of the last year (8,06 days). (p<0.05). No complications and mortality were observed in any of our patients with faster trauma treatment strategy in pandemic. The operation of orthopedic trauma patients requiring surgery during a pandemic in a shorter time than normal time will not increase the complication and mortality, but will also help to use the bed more effectively by reducing the hospital stay.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Orthopedics , COVID-19/epidemiology , Humans , Pandemics , Retrospective Studies , Turkey/epidemiology
17.
Clin Lab ; 68(8)2022 Aug 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1994477

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a global pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Geriatric patients with COVID-19 are more likely to progress to severe disease, and they are at increased risk of hospitalization and mortality. In this study we aimed to investigate the risk factors for predicting mortality in geriatric patients with COVID 19 by reviewing the clinical data of survivors and non-survivors. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 189 geriatric patients with COVID- 19 pneumonia who were hospitalized in pulmonology clinic, in Duzce University, Medical Faculty Hospital between March 2020 and January 2021 in Turkey. RESULTS: In the study, 60.3% (n = 114) of the patients were male and the median age was 75. 80.4% (n = 152) of the patients were discharged. The presence of cardiovascular disease, chronic renal failure, malignancy, increased number of comorbidities, complaints of anorexia, no fever, decreased oxygen saturation value, increased pulse rate, high values of maximum (max) D-dimer, aspartate aminotransferase, urea, creatinine, troponin, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), max LDH, ferritin and max ferritin, C-reactive protein (CRP), max CRP, procalcitonin, max procalcitonin, potassium values and low albumin values, complications as bacterial infection, cardiac disease, acute respiratory distress syndrome, liver function tests failure, arrhythmia and shock, the need for corticosteroid and pulse corticosteroid therapy increased the mortality. According to multiple logistic regression model, the de-velopment of cardiac disease, acute respiratory distress syndrome, bacterial infection, the need for pulse steroids, and the max ferritin value increased the risk of mortality by between 1.001 and 28.715 times. CONCLUSIONS: Both clinical and laboratory parameters predicting mortality in geriatric patients with COVID-19 pneumonia should be monitored very carefully. Complications that develop should be evaluated and multidisciplinary and necessary treatments should be initiated without delay.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Heart Diseases , Respiratory Distress Syndrome , Aged , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/mortality , Female , Ferritins , Heart Diseases/complications , Hospitalization , Humans , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/metabolism , Male , Procalcitonin , Respiratory Distress Syndrome/complications , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Turkey/epidemiology
18.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 25(8): 1239-1246, 2022 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1994309

ABSTRACT

Background: The COVID-19 (coronavirus disease-2019) outbreak has its social, economic, and political effects on wider society, as well as physical and mental health effects on individuals. The psychological and social impacts are more apparent and common on emergency health care workers who have close contact with patients. Aim: Our study aims to investigate coronaphobia in emergency health care workers. Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in July 2020 with 253 people working under the Bingöl 112 Provincial Ambulance Service Chief of Staff. The data of the study were collected using a questionnaire including sociodemographic characteristics, working conditions, pandemic process, and the Coronavirus-19 Phobia Scale. P < .05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The mean total score of COVID-19 phobia in 112 employees was 58.03 ± 18.78. The sub-dimension scores are psychological 21.92 ± 6.19, somatic 10.83 ± 5.68, social 15.98 ± 5.60, and economic 9.28 ± 4.18. Psychological and social sub-dimension scores and total COVID-19 phobia score of women, the somatic sub-dimension score of married people, all sub-dimension scores, and total COVID-19 phobia score of those who had contact with COVID-19-positive patients were found to be significantly higher (P < .05). Conclusions: Close contact with patients, working conditions, and the heavy schedule of nightshifts increase psychological and social fear in emergency health care workers. It is important to provide psychosocial support to emergency health care workers during the pandemic period.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Emergency Medical Technicians , Phobic Disorders , Adult , Aged , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/psychology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Emergency Medical Technicians/psychology , Emergency Medical Technicians/statistics & numerical data , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Phobic Disorders/epidemiology , Turkey/epidemiology
19.
Front Public Health ; 10: 888123, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1993855

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives: The official number of daily cases and deaths are the most prominent indicators used to plan actions against the COVID-19 pandemic but are insufficient to see the real impact. Official numbers vary due to testing policy, reporting methods, etc. Therefore, critical interventions are likely to lose their effectiveness and better-standardized indicators like excess deaths/mortality are needed. In this study, excess deaths in Istanbul were examined and a web-based monitor was developed. Methods: Daily all-cause deaths data between January 1, 2015- November 11, 2021 in Istanbul is used to estimate the excess deaths. Compared to the pre-pandemic period, the % increase in the number of deaths was calculated as the ratio of excess deaths to expected deaths (P-Scores). The ratio of excess deaths to official figures (T) was also examined. Results: The total number of official and excess deaths in Istanbul are 24.218 and 37.514, respectively. The ratio of excess deaths to official deaths is 1.55. During the first three death waves, maximum P-Scores were 71.8, 129.0, and 116.3% respectively. Conclusion: Excess mortality in Istanbul is close to the peak scores in Europe. 38.47% of total excess deaths could be considered as underreported or indirect deaths. To re-optimize the non-pharmaceutical interventions there is a need to monitor the real impact beyond the official figures. In this study, such a monitoring tool was created for Istanbul. The excess deaths are more reliable than official figures and it can be used as a gold standard to estimate the impact more precisely.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Europe , Humans , Pandemics , Turkey/epidemiology
20.
Ital J Pediatr ; 48(1): 144, 2022 Aug 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1993374

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUNDS: During the Coronavirus-19 disease (Covid-19) pandemic it was observed that the number of girls presenting with early puberty had increased. The aim of this study was to carry out a retrospective evaluation of the characteristics of girls who had been referred for evaluation of precocious puberty in five different pediatric endocrinology units, before and during the pandemic. METHODS: The study participants comprised 359 girls who were assigned into 2 groups a pre-pandemic group (n:214) and a pandemic group (n:145). Those participants (n:99) who had medical records in the follow-up period were classified into 3 subgroups according to the time of presentation and follow-up visits (group-1: first admission and follow-up visit before the pandemic, group-2: first admission before the pandemic, the follow-up visit during the pandemic, group-3: first admission and follow-up visit during the pandemic). RESULTS: The age at presentation and age at pubertal onset were both significantly lower in the pandemic group than those in the pre-pandemic group(8.1 vs 8.6, p: < 0.001,7.7 vs 7.9,p:0.013, respectively). There was no significant difference between the body mass index standard deviation scores (BMI-SDS) values of the groups (0.57 vs 0.51, p:0.430). The initiation rate of pubertal suppression therapy at the time of presentation was significantly higher in the pandemic group compared to that of the pre-pandemic group (7.7%vs 27.5%), and in groups-2 & 3 compared to group-1, during follow-up (20%&44%vs 8%). CONCLUSION: Our research showed that the onset of puberty occurred earlier in the pandemic period compared to the previous year, and the need for pubertal suppression therapy increased during the pandemic.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Puberty, Precocious , COVID-19/epidemiology , Child , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Pandemics , Puberty , Puberty, Precocious/diagnosis , Puberty, Precocious/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Turkey/epidemiology
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