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1.
Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol (Engl Ed) ; 98(5): 254-258, 2023 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2292197

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyse the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the diagnosis and management of uveal melanoma (a tumour included in the Orphanet catalogue of rare diseases) in a Spanish national reference unit for intraocular tumours during the first year of the pandemic. METHOD: An observational retrospective study of patients with uveal melanoma in the National Reference Unit for Adult Intraocular Tumors of the Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valladolid (Spain) was performed, analysing the pre- and post-COVID-19 periods: from March 15, 2019 to March 15, 2020 and from March 16, 2020 to March 16, 2021. Demographic data, diagnostic delay, tumour size, extraocular extension, treatment and evolution were collected. A multivariable logistic regression model was used to identify factors that were associated with the variable: enucleation. RESULTS: Eighty-two patients with uveal melanoma were included, of which 42 (51.21%) belonged to the pre-COVID-19 period and 40(40.78%) to the post-COVID-19 period. An increase in tumour size at diagnosis and in the number of enucleations was observed during the post-COVID-19 period (p < 0.05). Multivariable logistic regression demonstrated that both medium-large tumour size and patients diagnosed in the post-COVID-19 period were independently related to an increased risk of enucleation (OR 250, 95%CI, 27.69-2256.37; p < 0.01 and OR 10; 95%CI, 1.10-90.25; p = 0.04, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The increase in tumour size observed in uveal melanomas diagnosed during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic may have favored the increase in the number of enucleations performed during that period.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Melanoma , Uveal Neoplasms , Adult , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Rare Diseases , Spain/epidemiology , Delayed Diagnosis , Pandemics , COVID-19/epidemiology , Melanoma/diagnosis , Uveal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Uveal Neoplasms/therapy , Uveal Neoplasms/diagnosis
2.
Br J Cancer ; 124(8): 1357-1360, 2021 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1072146

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has had an unprecedented impact on the National Health Service in United Kingdom. The UK Ocular Oncology Services evaluated the impact on the adult eye cancer care in the UK. All four adult Ocular Oncology centres participated in a multicentre retrospective review comparing uveal melanoma referral patterns and treatments in a 4-month period during the national lockdown and first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 with corresponding periods in previous 2 years. During the national lockdown, referral numbers and confirmed uveal melanoma cases reduced considerably, equalling to ~120 fewer diagnosed uveal melanoma cases compared to previous 2 years. Contrary to the recent trend, increased caseloads of enucleation and stereotactic radiosurgery (p > 0.05), in comparison to fewer proton beam therapy (p < 0.05), were performed. In the 4-month period following lockdown, there was a surge in clinical activities with more advanced diseases (p < 0.05) presenting to the services. As the COVID-19 pandemic continues to mount pressure and reveal its hidden impact on the eye cancer care, it is imperative for the Ocular Oncology Services to plan recovery strategies and innovative ways of working.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Eye Neoplasms/epidemiology , Melanoma/epidemiology , Pandemics , Uveal Neoplasms/epidemiology , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/therapy , COVID-19/virology , Communicable Disease Control/methods , Eye Neoplasms/complications , Eye Neoplasms/therapy , Eye Neoplasms/virology , Humans , Melanoma/complications , Melanoma/therapy , Melanoma/virology , Proton Therapy/methods , SARS-CoV-2/pathogenicity , State Medicine , United Kingdom/epidemiology , Uveal Neoplasms/complications , Uveal Neoplasms/therapy , Uveal Neoplasms/virology
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