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1.
J Prosthet Dent ; 127(3): 383-391, 2022 Mar.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1937091

ABSTRACT

The maintenance of balanced oral homeostasis depends on saliva. A readily available and molecularly rich source of biological fluid, saliva fulfills many functions in the oral cavity, including lubrication, pH buffering, and tooth mineralization. Saliva composition and flow can be modulated by different factors, including circadian rhythm, diet, age, drugs, and disease. Recent events have revealed that saliva plays a central role in the dissemination and detection of the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus. A working knowledge of saliva function and physiology is essential for dental health professionals.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Saliva , Humans , Mouth , Oral Health , SARS-CoV-2 , Saliva/chemistry
2.
Am J Audiol ; 30(2): 385-393, 2021 Jun 14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1805677

ABSTRACT

Purpose The COVID-19 pandemic disrupted normal operations of health care services, broad sectors of the economy, and the ability to socialize freely. For those with tinnitus, such changes can be factors in exacerbating tinnitus. The purpose of this study was to determine tinnitus help-seeking behavior, which resources individuals utilized to cope during the pandemic, and what additional support is desired. Method An exploratory cross-sectional study design including 1,522 adults with tinnitus living in North America (Canada and the United States) was used. Data were collected through an online survey distributed by the American Tinnitus Association via e-mail. Free text from open-ended questions was analyzed using the automated content analysis. The responses to the structured questionnaire were analyzed using descriptive and nonparametric statistics. Results Significantly less tinnitus support was sought during the pandemic, and very few respondents utilized tinnitus support networks during the pandemic at the time the survey was conducted. Nonetheless, seeking support during the pandemic was significantly associated with significantly less tinnitus distress. The most frequently utilized resources for coping during the pandemic were contacting family and friends, spending time outdoors or in nature, relaxation, and exercise. Such tools for coping were associated with significantly less tinnitus distress. The support requested and advice provided by participants to health care services had overlap. The main support needs related to managing tinnitus included addressing hearing loss, providing peer support, finding cures, and accessing trained and understanding health care providers to help. The advice for professionals related to tinnitus management included the need for cures, personalized support, addressing hearing loss, targeting the tinnitus percept, and providing more information about the condition. Conclusions These findings provide suggestions on how to better support those with tinnitus at a time when health care is undergoing rapid changes. Findings can be used by stakeholders, clinical practitioners, and tinnitus support services to devise ways to work more effectively together to improve access to patient-driven, suitable, accessible, and evidence-based support. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.14558514.


Subject(s)
Adaptation, Psychological , COVID-19/epidemiology , Help-Seeking Behavior , Tinnitus/psychology , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Canada/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/psychology , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Psychological Distress , Surveys and Questionnaires , Tinnitus/therapy , United States/epidemiology , Young Adult
3.
Pak J Med Sci ; 36(COVID19-S4): S62-S66, 2020 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1726823

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between psychosocial strengths (resilience, self-efficacy beliefs and social support) and perceived severity of COVID-19 and also to gauge the mediating role of self-control among frontline health care professionals of Pakistan. METHODS: A cross-sectional research design was utilized from March to April 2020 from one medical teaching hospital of South Punjab. As it was a single center experience so all the doctors were approached and asked to participate in this research. In total, 284 doctors (out of 300 approx.) completed online survey. The data were collected through online google forms consisting of self-report measures i.e. Brief Resilience Scale, Short General Self Efficacy Scale, Brief Scale for Social Support, Risk Behavior Diagnostic Scale and Brief Self-Control Scale. RESULTS: The results were analyzed by using SmartPLS (3.0), direct effect of psychosocial strengths on perceived severity of COVID-19 and indirect effect of self-control were assessed through path coefficients, t-values and r-square values. The results confirmed that there was significant negative relationship between psychosocial strengths and perceived severity of COVID-19 (ß = -0.854, t =14.279) with 72% variance in perceived severity due to psychosocial strengths. Further, the results also suggest that self-control proved significant mediator between psychosocial strengths and perceived severity (ß = -0.604, t = 11.004, variance in perceived severity is 74%). CONCLUSION: In the time of pandemic, medical professionals are working as frontline force and can have several uncertainties regarding the risk associated with outbreak of COVID-19. This study concludes psychosocial strengths can play a significant role in subsiding the risk associated with severity of disease. Whereas, self-control can significantly contribute to buffer the negative influence of COVID-19 among frontline medical professionals. In line with findings of this study, there is a dire need to initiate psychotherapeutic studies for medical professionals to boost up their psychosocial strengths that would make them resilient against COVID-19.

4.
Rev Sci Tech ; 40(1): 119-129, 2021 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1482055

ABSTRACT

In this paper, the authors: (a) list methods used to diagnose zoonotic diseases in humans and animals; (b) identify between-species differences in diagnostic approaches, providing commentary on the benefits that might arise from simultaneous interpretation of data from human and animal health surveillance systems; and (c) reiterate the importance of using species-specific, validated diagnostic tests for surveillance and disease outbreak investigations. Emerging and endemic zoonotic diseases are likely to provide a continued threat to global health in the short- to medium-term future. A good deal of knowledge about the drivers of infectious disease emergence has been developed based on numerous examples from the recent past. Sharing of diagnostic resources across human and animal health sectors, sharing of human and animal health surveillance data, development of skills in the interpretation of that data and awareness of issues related to the validation and interpretation of diagnostic test data are necessary prerequisites for an effective endemic disease surveillance system. A good understanding of the epidemiological patterns of endemic disease will allow human and animal health professionals be able to more quickly detect the presence of emerging disease threats.


Après avoir répertorié les méthodes utilisées pour diagnostiquer les maladies zoonotiques chez l'homme comme chez les animaux, les auteurs définissent les différentes approches diagnostiques suivant les espèces considérées et commentent les avantages qui pourraient découler d'une interprétation simultanée des données par les systèmes de surveillance en santé animale et en santé publique ; il réitèrent ensuite l'importance de recourir à des tests diagnostiques validés et spécifiques de l'espèce considérée dans le cadre de la surveillance et des enquêtes suite à l'apparition d'un foyer. Les maladies zoonotiques émergentes et endémiques représentent potentiellement une menace continue pour la santé mondiale à court et à moyen terme. Les facteurs favorisant l'émergence des maladies infectieuses sont désormais beaucoup mieux connus grâce aux enseignements tirés de nombreux exemples récents. Le partage des ressources diagnostiques entre les secteurs de la santé humaine et animale, les échanges des données de la surveillance sanitaire réunies par les deux secteurs, le renforcement des compétences en matière d'interprétation des données et la sensibilisation aux problématiques de la validation et de l'interprétation des données générées par les tests de diagnostic sont des conditions préalables à la mise en place d'un système efficace de surveillance des maladies endémiques. Une bonne compréhension des profils épidémiologiques des maladies endémiques permettra aux professionnels de la santé humaine et animale de détecter plus rapidement la présence de menaces émergentes.


Los autores proceden aquí a: a) relacionar los métodos empleados para diagnosticar enfermedades zoonóticas en personas y animales; b) señalar las diferencias que existen entre los distintos planteamientos de diagnóstico según la especie de que se trate, comentando asimismo las ventajas que podrían derivarse de la interpretación simultánea de los datos de los sistemas de vigilancia sanitaria y de los de vigilancia zoosanitaria; y c) reiterar la importancia que reviste el uso de pruebas de diagnóstico no solo validadas, sino también adaptadas específicamente a cada especie, para las labores de vigilancia y estudio de brotes. Lo más probable es que a corto y medio plazo las enfermedades zoonóticas, ya sean emergentes o endémicas, sigan constituyendo una amenaza para la salud mundial. Gracias a numerosos ejemplos del pasado reciente se ha ido constituyendo un buen conocimiento de los factores que propician la aparición de enfermedades infecciosas. Para disponer de un eficaz sistema de vigilancia de enfermedades endémicas hay una serie de requisitos previos indispensables: utilización compartida de los recursos de diagnóstico entre los sectores de la salud humana y la sanidad animal; intercambio de los datos de vigilancia sanitaria y de vigilancia zoosanitaria; adquisición de competencias para interpretar esos datos; y buen conocimiento de las cuestiones ligadas a la validación de pruebas de diagnóstico y a la interpretación de los datos que arrojan. Si los profesionales de la salud humana y la sanidad animal conocen debidamente los patrones epidemiológicos de las enfermedades endémicas, estarán en condiciones de detectar con más celeridad la presencia de enfermedades emergentes que constituyan una amenaza.


Subject(s)
Communicable Diseases, Emerging , Communicable Diseases , Animals , Communicable Diseases/veterinary , Communicable Diseases, Emerging/diagnosis , Communicable Diseases, Emerging/epidemiology , Communicable Diseases, Emerging/veterinary , Disease Outbreaks/veterinary , Endemic Diseases/veterinary , Global Health , Zoonoses/epidemiology
5.
Indian J Community Med ; 45(Suppl 1): S9-S11, 2020 Mar.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1453321

ABSTRACT

With the launch of new Government of India's initiative Ayushman bharat that envisages conversion of all subcenters into health and wellness centers, the role of nursing professionals in primary health care will be undergoing paradigm shift. Nurses are approximately two-third of the population of health workforce in India. Nurses' scope of work has widened with additional roles and responsibilities due to shift in the pattern of burden of diseases. The emergence of zoonotic infectious diseases has further enlarged their responsibilities. The main areas, which need attention, are development of nursing workforce, selection and recruitment, placement as per specialization, and preservice and in-service training related to zoonotic surveillance. This article attempts to discuss the role of nurses under emerging zoonotic disease infections.

6.
Nurs Ethics ; 27(4): 924-934, 2020 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1453014

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Fifteen years have passed since the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome in Hong Kong. At that time, there were reports of heroic acts among professionals who cared for these patients, whose bravery and professionalism were highly praised. However, there are concerns about changes in new generation of nursing professionals. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the attitude of nursing students, should they be faced with severe acute respiratory syndrome patients during their future work. RESEARCH DESIGN: A questionnaire survey was carried out to examine the attitude among final-year nursing students to three ethical areas, namely, duty of care, resource allocation, and collateral damage. ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS: This study was carried out in accordance with the requirements and recommendations of the Central Research and Ethics Committee, School of Health Sciences at Caritas Institute of Higher Education. FINDINGS: Complete responses from 102 subjects were analyzed. The overwhelming majority (96.1%) did not agree to participate in the intubation of severe acute respiratory syndrome patients if protective measures, that is, N95 mask and gown, were not available. If there were insufficient N95 masks for all the medical, nursing, and allied health workers in the hospital (resource allocation), 37.3% felt that the distribution of N95 masks should be by casting lot, while the rest disagreed. When asked about collateral damage, more than three-quarters (77.5%) said that severe acute respiratory syndrome patients should be admitted to intensive care unit. There was sex difference in nursing students' attitude toward severe acute respiratory syndrome care during pregnancy and influence of age in understanding intensive care unit care for these patients. Interestingly, 94.1% felt that there should be a separate intensive care unit for severe acute respiratory syndrome patients. CONCLUSION: As infection control practice and isolation facilities improved over the years, relevant knowledge and nursing ethical issues related to infectious diseases should become part of nursing education and training programs, especially in preparation for outbreaks of infectious diseases or distress.


Subject(s)
Attitude of Health Personnel , Disease Outbreaks , Ethics, Nursing , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome/epidemiology , Students, Nursing/psychology , Adult , Female , Health Care Rationing , Hong Kong , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Male , Patient Admission , Standard of Care , Surveys and Questionnaires
7.
Children (Basel) ; 8(4)2021 Apr 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1367775

ABSTRACT

The objectives were to identify conditions under which mothers may be willing to use telelactation and explore associations between participant characteristics, willingness, and beliefs regarding telelactation use. Mothers 2-8 weeks postpartum were recruited from two Florida maternal care sites and surveyed to assess demographics, breastfeeding initiation, and potential telelactation use. Analyses included descriptive statistics and logistic regression models. Of the 88 participants, most were white, married, earned less than USD 50,000 per year, had access to technology, and were willing to use telelactation if it was free (80.7%) or over a secure server (63.6%). Fifty-six percent were willing to use telelactation if it involved feeding the baby without a cover, but only 45.5% were willing if their nipples may be seen. Those with higher odds of willingness to use telelactation under these modesty conditions were experienced using videochat, white, married, and of higher income. Mothers with security concerns had six times the odds of being uncomfortable with telelactation compared to mothers without concerns. While telelactation can improve access to critical services, willingness to use telelactation may depend on conditions of use and sociodemographics. During the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond, these findings offer important insights for lactation professionals implementing virtual consultations.

8.
Heliyon ; 6(5): e03900, 2020 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1364030

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate available resources, Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) availability, sanitation practices, institutional policies, and opinions among EMS professionals in the United States amid the COVID-19 pandemic using a self-report survey questionnaire. METHODS: An online 42-question multiple choice survey was randomly distributed between April 1, 2020, and April 16, 2020 to various active Emergency Medical Services (EMS) paid personnel in all 50 U.S. states including the District of Columbia (n = 192). We approximate a 95% confidence interval (±0.07). RESULTS: An overwhelming number of EMS providers report having limited access to N95 respirators, receiving little or no benefits from COVID-19 related work, and report no institutional policy on social distancing practices despite CDC recommendations. For providers who do have access to N95 respirators, 31% report having to use the same mask for 1 week or longer. Approximately ⅓ of the surveyed participants were unsure of when a COVID-19 patient is infectious. The data suggests regular decontamination of EMS equipment after each patient contact is not a regular practice. DISCUSSION: Current practices to educate EMS providers on appropriate response to the novel coronavirus may not be sufficient, and future patients may benefit from a nationally established COVID-19 EMS response protocol. Further investigation on whether current EMS practices are contributing to the spread of infection is warranted. The data reveals concerning deficits in COVID-19 related education and administrative protocols which pose as a serious public health concern that should be urgently addressed.

9.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 17(14)2020 07 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1280758

ABSTRACT

In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, health care modalities such as video consultations have been rapidly developed to provide safe health care and to minimize the risk of spread. The purpose of our study is to explore Spanish healthcare professionals' perceptions about the implementation of video consultations. Based on the testimonies of 53 professionals, different categories emerged related to the four identified themes: benefits of video consultations (for professionals, patients, and the health system, and compared to phone calls), negative aspects (inherent to new technologies and the risk of a perceived distancing from the professional), difficulties associated with the implementation of video consultations (technological difficulties, lack of technical skills and refusal to use video consultation among professionals and patients), and the need for training (technological, nontechnical, and social-emotional skills, and adaptation of technical skills). Additionally, the interviewees indicated that this new modality of health care may be extended to a broader variety of patients and clinical settings. Therefore, since video consultations are becoming more widespread, it would be advisable for health policies and systems to support this modality of health care, promoting their implementation and guaranteeing their operability, equal access and quality.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Health Personnel/psychology , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Telemedicine , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/virology , Humans , Male , Pneumonia, Viral/virology , Qualitative Research , Referral and Consultation , SARS-CoV-2
10.
PLoS One ; 16(6): e0253398, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1278193

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The increase in violence against health professionals in the COVID-19 pandemic makes it necessary to identify the predictors of violence, in order to prevent these events from happening. OBJECTIVE: Evaluating the prevalence and analyzing the variables involved in the occurrence of violence against health professionals during the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil. METHOD: This is a cross-sectional study conducted online involving Brazilian health professionals during the COVID-19 pandemic. The data were collected through a structured questionnaire (Google Online Form) sent to health professionals on social networks and analyzed through logistic regression by using sociodemographic variables. The set of grouped variables was assigned to the final model when p <0.05. A network was built using the Mixed Graph Models (MGM) approach. A centrality measurement chart was constructed to determine which nodes have the greatest influence, strength and connectivity between the nodes around them. RESULTS: The predictors of violence in the adjusted regression model were the following: being a nursing technician / assistant; having been working for less than 20 years; working for over 37 hours a week; having suffered violence before the pandemic; having been contaminated with COVID-19; working in direct contact with patients infected by the virus; and having family members who have suffered violence. The network created with professionals who suffered violence demonstrated that the aggressions occurred mainly in the workplace, with an indication of psycho-verbal violence. In cases in which the aggressors were close people, aggressions were non-verbal and happened both in public and private places. The assaults practiced by strangers occurred in public places. CONCLUSIONS: Violence against health professionals occurs implicitly and explicitly, with consequences that can affect both their psychosocial well-being and the assistance given to their patients and families.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/psychology , Health Personnel/statistics & numerical data , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , Surveys and Questionnaires , Workplace Violence/statistics & numerical data , Workplace/psychology , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Brazil/epidemiology , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/virology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Health Personnel/psychology , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics/prevention & control , Prevalence , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2/physiology , Workplace Violence/prevention & control , Young Adult
11.
BMC Med Ethics ; 22(1): 73, 2021 06 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1277937

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has created ethical challenges for intensive care unit (ICU) professionals, potentially causing moral distress. This study explored the levels and causes of moral distress and the ethical climate in Dutch ICUs during COVID-19. METHODS: An extended version of the Measurement of Moral Distress for Healthcare Professionals (MMD-HP) and Ethical Decision Making Climate Questionnaire (EDMCQ) were online distributed among all 84 ICUs. Moral distress scores in nurses and intensivists were compared with the historical control group one year before COVID-19. RESULTS: Three hundred forty-five nurses (70.7%), 40 intensivists (8.2%), and 103 supporting staff (21.1%) completed the survey. Moral distress levels were higher for nurses than supporting staff. Moral distress levels in intensivists did not differ significantly from those of nurses and supporting staff. "Inadequate emotional support for patients and their families" was the highest-ranked cause of moral distress for all groups of professionals. Of all factors, all professions rated the ethical climate most positively regarding the culture of mutual respect,  ethical awareness and support. "Culture of not avoiding end-of-life-decisions" and "Self-reflective and empowering leadership" received the lowest mean scores. Moral distress scores during COVID-19 were significantly lower for ICU nurses (p < 0.001) and intensivists (p < 0.05) compared to one year prior. CONCLUSION: Levels and causes of moral distress vary between ICU professionals and differ from the historical control group. Targeted interventions that address moral distress during a crisis are desirable to improve the mental health and retention of ICU professionals and the quality of patient care.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Attitude of Health Personnel , Critical Care , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Morals , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Stress, Psychological , Surveys and Questionnaires
12.
Fam Syst Health ; 39(3): 499-504, 2021 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1275878

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Health care workers (HCWs) during the COVID-19 pandemic report high levels of psychological distress. We examined whether concerns regarding transmission of COVID-19 to loved ones and social distancing from loved ones were associated with HCWs' distress. We tested whether living with others modified these associations. METHOD: HCWs at a New York City academic medical center (N = 767; 80.7% female, 58.5% White) enrolled in the COVID-19 Health Care Provider Study and completed a web-based survey between April 9, 2020 and May 11, 2020. RESULTS: Controlling for demographics, distress regarding potential transmission to loved ones and social distancing from loved ones were each significantly associated with higher odds of a positive screen for acute stress, depression, and anxiety (ORs = 1.29-1.59, all ps < .01). Living with others was associated with lower odds of a positive screen for depression and anxiety, though the protective effect for anxiety was evident only for HCWs with no distress regarding transmission concerns. CONCLUSIONS: Transmission concerns and social distancing from loved ones were associated with greater odds of psychological distress, whereas living with others was associated with lower odds of distress. Interventions should consider ways to facilitate the ability of HCWs to receive social support from loved ones, while simultaneously protecting their family's health. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Female , Health Personnel , Humans , Male , New York City/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2
13.
J Egypt Public Health Assoc ; 96(1): 15, 2021 06 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1270935

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Intimate partner violence (IPV) remains a serious human rights violation and an important health concern during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. The study aims to estimate the proportion of IPV among adult Arab women before and during the COVID-19 lockdown and to identify its possible predictors during the lockdown. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted between April and June 2020 using an online questionnaire. The sample included 490 adult Arab women aged 18 years and above, who live with their husbands. Data was collected using a Google forms designed questionnaire that included the socio-demographic characteristics, nature of lockdown, and exposure to different types of IPV before and during COVID-19 lockdown and the frequency of their occurrence. McNemar's test was used to determine differences in the exposure to IPV before and during the lockdown, while logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the predictors of exposure to IPV during the lockdown. RESULTS: Half of women reported that they were ever exposed to IPV with psychological violence ranking 1st. Exposure to any type of IPV and exposure to psychological, physical, and sexual violence have significantly increased during the lockdown compared to before the lockdown. The frequency of exposure to the different types of IPV ranged from 1-3 times per month to almost every day, but the most commonly reported was 1-3 times per month. Predictors of exposure to IPV during the COVID-19 lockdown included country of residence, family income, and whether the husband lost his job during lockdown. CONCLUSIONS: IPV has increased during the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown in the Arab countries, and it was associated with the socioeconomic consequences of the pandemic on families. Actions towards raising awareness about the problem among professionals and the community, early detection, and provision of appropriate services are mandatory.

14.
Rev Esp Enferm Dig ; 112(4): 319-322, 2020 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1264719

ABSTRACT

Infection with SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus, and the disease this agent may induce, are a cause of notable concern for the general population and, of course, among our professionals and patients. Gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy is a high-risk diagnostic-therapeutic procedure in the case of upper GI examinations, and a moderate to low-risk intervention when involving lower GI explorations. The presence of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in the feces of patients infected with the virus, and occasionally in colonic biopsy samples, has been consistently documented. In fact, viral elimination in the feces may be more prolonged than viral identification in respiratory tract secretions. Furthermore, viral transmission may occur in asymptomatic individuals. However, as of this moment no information has been reported on the possibility of viral transmission, even to professionals, via this route.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/methods , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Betacoronavirus/isolation & purification , Betacoronavirus/pathogenicity , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Feces/virology , Gastroenterology/trends , Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2 , Virus Shedding
15.
Data Brief ; 34: 106762, 2021 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1263247

ABSTRACT

The study contains the dataset of ECG images of Cardiac and COVID-19 patients. This rare dataset contains 1937 distinct patient records, data is collected using ECG Device 'EDAN SERIES-3' installed in Cardiac Care and Isolation Units of different health care institutes across Pakistan. The collected ECG images data were manually reviewed by medical professors using Telehealth ECG diagnostic system, under the supervision of senior medical professionals with experience in ECG interpretation. The manual reviewing process of ECG images took several months to review the five distinct categories (COVID-19, Abnormal Heartbeat, Myocardial Infarction (MI), Previous History of MI, and Normal Person). The collected data contains 12 leads-based ECG images dataset can be used by Data Scientist, IT Professional and Medical Research Institutes to design, compare, fine-tune classical techniques and Deep learning methods in studies focused on COVID-19, Arrhythmia, and other cardiovascular conditions. The dataset contains rare categories of patients that may be used for the development of automatic diagnosis tool for healthcare institutes.

16.
Risk Manag Healthc Policy ; 14: 2231-2244, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1262574

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The year 2020 was marked by the COVID-19 pandemic, massively disruptive at the general population level and for healthcare systems. We aimed to evaluate the psychological distress associated with work-related experiences among medical professionals and supporting staff during the pandemic outbreak. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted between April and May 2020, employing a self-administered on-line questionnaire that included the collection of socio-demographic and professional status information, Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale, nine-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), Maslach Burnout Inventory - General Survey, Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, and a subscale of the International Personality Item Pool (IPIP) for empathy. A total of 364 professionals of the county-coordinated area responded. Descriptive statistics summarized the findings and a mediation model was analyzed, applying the causal step strategy. The specific direct and causal mediation effects were estimated with the bias-corrected and accelerated bootstrap sampling method. RESULTS: Anxiety, burnout, stress, resilience, and empathy proved to be significantly associated with both the professional category (ie, consultant, specialty doctor, trainee doctor, senior nurse, trainee nurse or other) and the perceived professional support (the nonparametric multivariate permutation test resulted in p=0.048 and p<0.001, respectively). When controlling for the marital and professional status, the female gender had an OR=2.26, 95% CI (1.21; 4.22) toward a high level of empathy compared to males. The causal mediation effect of the perceived lack of professional support on empathy through burnout-depersonalization was highly significant (p<0.001) with an average of 0.0599, 95% CI (0.0238; 0.10), while the direct effect was non-significant (p=0.536) with an average of 0.0295, 95% CI (-0.0774; 0.15). CONCLUSION: We highlighted the impact of the lack of professional support on healthcare workers' empathy through burnout-depersonalization in a context of a high workload, time pressure, job stress beyond previous training, and inherently limited organizational support, which are potentially modifiable factors in the mid-term.

17.
Risk Manag Healthc Policy ; 14: 2153-2162, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1256186

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Twitter is a powerful platform which could be used to reflect on the demand and supply of dental services during a pandemic. The aim of this study was to examine the nature and dissemination of COVID-19 information related to dentistry on Twitter platform Arabic database during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODOLOGY: One hundred and fifty independent searches with a combination of keywords for both COVID-19 and dentistry from a preselected Arabic keyword were carried out for the period from the 2nd of March (first confirmed cases of COVID-19) to the 6th of July 2020. Tweets were filtered to remove duplicate and unrelated tweets. The suitable tweets were 1,150. After calibration, two examiners coded the tweets following two main themes: COVID-19 and oral health-related information. Tweets were then compared with COVID-19 daily events in the Arab countries as reported by the World Health Organization (WHO). Descriptive analysis was performed to present the overview of the findings using Microsoft Excel. RESULTS: The most retweeted information was the help with urgent consultation or emergency dental treatment during COVID-19 tweeted by a dentist. There were 673 retweets and 1,116 likes of this tweet. The most common tweets related to oral health were needs of dental treatment (n=462, 39.5%) of which, toothaches or wisdom tooth problems constituted 48% of the related tweets. CONCLUSION: Based on the results of this study, it is obvious that social media users reacted to the COVID-19 threat to dental practices. Twitter as one of the social media platforms served as a connection between dental health professionals and patients.

18.
J Dent Res ; 100(11): 1220-1227, 2021 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1255788

ABSTRACT

Dental care professionals (DCPs) are thought to be at enhanced risk of occupational exposure to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). However, robust data to support this from large-scale seroepidemiological studies are lacking. We report a longitudinal seroprevalence analysis of antibodies to SARS-CoV-2 spike glycoprotein, with baseline sampling prior to large-scale practice reopening in July 2020 and follow-up postimplementation of new public health guidance on infection prevention control (IPC) and enhanced personal protective equipment (PPE). In total, 1,507 West Midlands DCPs were recruited into this study in June 2020. Baseline seroprevalence was determined using a combined IgGAM enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and the cohort followed longitudinally for 6 mo until January/February 2021 through the second wave of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic in the United Kingdom and vaccination commencement. Baseline seroprevalence was 16.3%, compared to estimates in the regional population of 6% to 7%. Seropositivity was retained in over 70% of participants at 3- and 6-mo follow-up and conferred a 75% reduced risk of infection. Nonwhite ethnicity and living in areas of greater deprivation were associated with increased baseline seroprevalence. During follow-up, no polymerase chain reaction-proven infections occurred in individuals with a baseline anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG level greater than 147.6 IU/ml with respect to the World Health Organization international standard 20-136. After vaccination, antibody responses were more rapid and of higher magnitude in those individuals who were seropositive at baseline. Natural infection with SARS-CoV-2 prior to enhanced PPE was significantly higher in DCPs than the regional population. Natural infection leads to a serological response that remains detectable in over 70% of individuals 6 mo after initial sampling and 9 mo from the peak of the first wave of the pandemic. This response is associated with protection from future infection. Even if serological responses wane, a single dose of the Pfizer-BioNTech 162b vaccine is associated with an antibody response indicative of immunological memory.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Vaccines , Dental Care , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Seroepidemiologic Studies , United Kingdom/epidemiology
19.
Adv Skin Wound Care ; 34(6): 309-312, 2021 Jun 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1254847

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the usability of a novel instrument (stoma ruler) to measure damaged peristomal skin in patients with an ostomy. METHODS: A wound ostomy and continence nurse used both the stoma ruler and a linear ruler to assess DET (discoloration, erosion, tissue overgrowth) scores and the height of protrusion above the skin of 10 patients with ileostomies and took photographs. The photographs were presented to five ostomy care nurses for reliability testing. The difference between the two methods was determined using paired Wilcoxon signed ranks test. PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURE: Interrater reliability of the linear versus stoma ruler. RESULTS: The interrater reliabilities of the stoma ruler versus the linear ruler for the domain-area DET score were 0.95 (95% confidence interval, 0.89-0.99) and 0.68 (95% confidence interval, 0.42-0.89), respectively. Only nurse 5 reported a significant difference between the two rulers (z = -2.24, P = .03). CONCLUSIONS: In busy clinical settings, the stoma ruler is easy for ostomy care nurses to use to obtain accurate DET scores and the height of stoma protrusion above the skin. Observing the position of damaged skin using the clock marks on the stoma ruler enhance clinical description and reduce assessment variation among professionals.


Subject(s)
Ostomy/adverse effects , Skin Care/instrumentation , Weights and Measures/instrumentation , Weights and Measures/standards , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Ostomy/methods , Ostomy/statistics & numerical data , Reproducibility of Results , Skin Care/statistics & numerical data
20.
Front Psychiatry ; 12: 628898, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1247920

ABSTRACT

Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has had a significant psychological impact on health care workers (HCWs). Therefore, this study inspects the mental health status, behavioral response, and perception among HCWs (nurses, physicians, and medical laboratory workers) during the COVID-19 pandemic in public health care facilities. Methods: A facilities-based cross-sectional study was conducted in July 2020. A simple random sampling technique was used to select study participants. Data were collected by self-report administered questionnaires using Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) for depression, General Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) for anxiety, Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) for insomnia, Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) for psychological distress, Perceived Threat Scale for perception, and Behavioral Response Inquiry for the behavioral response. Moreover, bivariable and multivariable logistic regressions analysis was used to identify the association between dependent and independent variables at p-value <0.05. Results: A total of 417 (98.6%) HCWs responded to a self-administered questionnaire. The proportion of HCWs who had moderate to severe symptoms of psychological distress, depression, anxiety, and insomnia during the COVID-19 pandemic were 58, 16.3, 30.7, and 15.9%, respectively. Three-fifth of the nurses, medical laboratory professionals (62.2%), and physicians (59.2%) had reported good behavioral responses toward the COVID-19 pandemic. More than three-fifths of the nurses had reported poor perception toward the COVID-19 pandemic. Conversely, 61.2% of physicians and three-fourths (75.5%) of medical laboratory professionals had reported good perception toward the COVID-19 pandemic. Female and married participants, those working in the emergency unit, those with poor behavioral responses, and those with poor perception toward the COVID-19 pandemic were significantly associated with symptoms of psychological distress, depression, anxiety, and insomnia. Conclusions: Psychological impacts among physicians, nurses, and medical laboratory professionals are high during the COVID-19 pandemic. The Ethiopian Federal Ministry of Health should aim to protect all HCWs' psychological well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic with appropriate interventions and accurate information response.

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