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1.
Psychiatr Danub ; 33(1): 101-106, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2094078

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Chronic non-communicable diseases, such as asthma (AS) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), are a public health problem that compromises patients' quality of life and is highly comorbid with medical and psychological conditions. The present study's objective was to know the variables associated with the risk of major depression during confinement due to SAR-CoV-2 in patients with AS and COPD in the Colombian Caribbean. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: An online cross-sectional observational study was done with the participation of patients diagnosed with AS or COPD. AS and COPD patients completed the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) to identify a major depressive disorder risk. RESULTS: Two hundred seventy-seven patients diagnosed with AS or COPD aged 18 to 69 (M=60.4, SD=17.6) participated. The risk of major depression was assessed using the PHQ-9 sent online after telephone contact with the participants. 30.7% of the patients during the last month reported a risk of major depression, and it was associated with a history of major depressive disorder (OR=4.39, 95% CI 1.53-12.67) and medical comorbidity (OR=1.69, 95% CI 1.00-2.86). CONCLUSIONS: The depression risk is associated with a history of depressive disorder and medical comorbidity in patients with AS and COPD. Medical history is the leading risk factor for depression during confinement. It is recommended to carry out studies with many participants and study other variables that may mediate said associations during confinement by SAR-CoV-2 in the Colombian Caribbean.


Subject(s)
Asthma , Depressive Disorder, Major , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Asthma/epidemiology , Colombia/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Depression , Depressive Disorder, Major/epidemiology , Humans , Middle Aged , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/epidemiology , Quality of Life , Risk Factors , Young Adult
2.
Minerva Med ; 113(4): 695-706, 2022 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1975625

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2)-related disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease characterized by systemic inflammation, which might enhance baseline thrombotic risk, especially in hospitalized patients. Little is, however, known about predictors of thrombotic complications in patients with COVID-19. METHODS: We prospectively followed up 180 hospitalized COVID-19 patients. Demographics, clinical and laboratory features at presentation and past medical history were tested as predictors of the first thrombotic complication through multivariate Cox regression analysis and a categorical score generated based on the results. RESULTS: Sixty-four thromboses were recorded in 54 patients, of whom seven with thrombosis on admission and 47 with thrombosis during hospitalization. Patients with thrombosis were mainly Caucasian and diabetic, had marked baseline signs of inflammation and organ damage, lower PaO2/FiO2 ratio, higher D-dimer levels and history of major hemorrhages. The latter three variables were independently associated to thrombotic complications and concurred to a 0-5 score, which accounted for 80% of the total sample variability. Patients with three or more points of the newly generated score were at higher risk for thrombotic complications (HR=4.9, P<0.001). Patients with thrombotic complications were more likely to be admitted to intensive care and/or to die (HR=1.9, P=0.036). Five of 180 patients were diagnosed with disseminated intravascular coagulation and three of them died. Eleven minor and no major bleeding events were observed. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with COVID-19 are at increased risk for thrombosis and might be stratified on admission based on lower Pao2/FiO2 ratio, higher D-dimer levels and history of major hemorrhages.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Thromboembolism , Thrombosis , Algorithms , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/epidemiology , Hemorrhage , Humans , Inflammation , Preliminary Data , SARS-CoV-2 , Thromboembolism/epidemiology , Thromboembolism/etiology , Thrombosis/epidemiology , Thrombosis/etiology
3.
Crit Care Explor ; 2(9): e0218, 2020 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1795068

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To describe three coronavirus disease 2019 patients suffering from acute respiratory distress syndrome under venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation therapy and tight anticoagulation monitoring presenting a novel pattern of multifocal brain hemorrhage in various degrees in all cerebral and cerebellar lobes. DESIGN: Clinical observation of three patients. Post mortem examinations. SETTING: Two ICUs at the University Hospital Erlangen. PATIENTS: Three patients (medium age 56.6 yr, two male with hypertension and diabetes, one female with no medical history) developed severe acute respiratory distress syndrome on the basis of a severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection. All required mechanical ventilation and venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support. INTERVENTIONS: Clinical observation, CT, data extraction from electronic medical records, and post mortem examinations. MAIN RESULTS: We report on an unusual multifocal bleeding pattern in the white matter in three cases with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome due to coronavirus disease 2019 undergoing venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation therapy. Bleeding pattern with consecutive herniation was found in CT scans as well as in neuropathologic post mortem examinations. Frequency for this unusual brain hemorrhage in coronavirus disease 2019 patients with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation therapy at our hospital is currently 50%, whereas bleeding events in extracorporeal membrane oxygenation patients generally occur at 10-15%. CONCLUSIONS: Multifocality and high frequency of the unusual white matter hemorrhage pattern suggest a coherence to coronavirus disease 2019. Neuropathological analyses showed circumscribed thrombotic cerebrovascular occlusions, which eventually led to microvascular and later on macrovascular disseminated bleeding events. However, signs of cerebrovascular inflammation could not be detected. Polymerase chain reaction analyses of brain tissue or cerebrospinal fluid remained negative. Increased susceptibility for fatal bleeding events should be taken into consideration in terms of systemic anticoagulation strategies in coronavirus disease 2019.

4.
Kardiol Pol ; 79(2): 129-138, 2021 02 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1598360

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In children, palpitations, which may result from a life­threatening tachyarrhythmia, are one of the most common causes of cardiac visits and hospitalizations. Effective diagnosis is essential in this population of patients. AIMS: This study aimed to assess the usefulness of long­term telemetric electrocardiograms compared with Holter monitoring in the diagnostic workup in children with palpitations. METHODS: A total of 350 children with undocumented palpitations were examined in a multicenter study. In 167 patients (47.7%), the TELE group, month­long continuous telemetric electrocardiogram monitoring (using the PocketECG system) was performed. In 183 patients (52.3%), the HOLT group, 24­hour Holter electrocardiography was carried out and repeated after a month if tachyarrhythmia was not recorded. RESULTS: A total of 152 children (43.4%) reported palpitations, and 36.2% of them had sinus tachycardia during palpitations. Tachyarrhythmias were recorded in 68 patients (40.7%) in the TELE group and in 7 (3.8%) in the HOLT group after the second examination (P <0.001); the mean time to record tachycardia was 15.8 (8.7) days versus 25.4 (11.1) days (P = 0.004). In the TELE group, we noted a greater number of children with palpitations during recording (62.9% vs 18%), tachycardia with normal QRS complexes (21.6% vs 1.6%), ventricular tachycardia (11.4% vs 0.5%), and asymptomatic arrhythmias than in the HOLT group. CONCLUSIONS: In children, long­term telemetric electrocardiogram monitoring using the PocketECG system is well tolerated and has a high diagnostic efficacy. In young patients with palpitations, telemetric cardiac monitoring lasting up to a month increased the number of patients with recorded tachyarrhythmia by almost 10-fold compared with the analysis of 2 Holter electrocardiograms. We found that a large number of children have asymptomatic cardiac arrhythmias.


Subject(s)
Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Tachycardia, Ventricular , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/diagnosis , Child , Electrocardiography , Electrocardiography, Ambulatory , Humans , Telemetry
5.
J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv ; 59(10): 13-18, 2021 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1278550

ABSTRACT

Dr. Hildegard Peplau's theory on the primacy of the therapeutic interpersonal relationship remains central to the role of the psychiatric-mental health advanced practice nurse (PMH APN). In 1989, Peplau published her thoughts on how World War II (WWII) shaped early PMH APN practice. Following WWII and the return of hundreds of thousands of previously mentally healthy service members with combat-related psychiatric symptoms and disorders, the prevailing societal beliefs about mental illness began to shift from an innate/inherited etiological perspective to a broader appreciation of the additional contributions of social and environmental factors to mental well-being. With that awareness came a decrease in stigma and a shift from housing patients in psychiatric hospitals to treating them in community settings. The coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has likewise affected societal beliefs through exposure to the mental toll of massive infection rates, loss of life, social isolation, and other downstream consequences. During these times of crises, psychiatric nurses and educators are challenged to provide innovative solutions to meet the increased demands for psychosocial care. [Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 59(10), 13-18.].


Subject(s)
Advanced Practice Nursing , COVID-19 , Mental Disorders , Psychiatric Nursing , Female , Humans , SARS-CoV-2
6.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(6)2021 Jun 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1270883

ABSTRACT

Isolated cortical vein thrombosis (ICVT) is a rare entity and accounts for only 6.3% of cerebral venous and sinus thrombosis. ICVT is an uncommon cause of seizures in young adults. We present a 27-year-old man with no medical history who presented with dizziness, loss of consciousness and a seizure-like episode. The patient was found to have an elevated D-dimer and brain imaging revealed ICVT. The patient was started on anticoagulation and antiseizure medications. A high index of suspicion for uncommon aetiologies for new-onset seizure, especially in the young, is key to accurate diagnosis of ICVT. Evaluation and work-up should include detailed physical examination, along with appropriate brain imaging and testing for other conditions that predispose venous thrombosis. In the setting of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, testing for COVID-19 may also be warranted. Rapid diagnosis and full anticoagulation can help avoid debilitating complications and long-term sequelae.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Cerebral Veins , Intracranial Thrombosis , Venous Thrombosis , Adult , COVID-19 Testing , Cerebral Veins/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Intracranial Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Intracranial Thrombosis/drug therapy , Male , SARS-CoV-2 , Venous Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Venous Thrombosis/drug therapy , Young Adult
7.
Am J Case Rep ; 22: e931665, 2021 Jun 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1266947

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND Since the outbreak of the SARS-CoV-2 infection, extensive research has been conducted on the pulmonary implications of this novel disease. However, there has been limited data on the extrapulmonary manifestations. There have been few documented causes of optic involvement and little is understood about the pathophysiology around its presentation and the possible treatments to prevent long-term complications. Here, we describe a case of optic neuritis in a female patient concurrently infected with SARS-CoV-2. Given the plethora of evidence supporting neurological manifestations of the virus, we hypothesize that there is an association between our patient's optic neuritis and her infection with SARS-CoV-2. CASE REPORT A 21-year-old woman with no past medical history who presented with blurry vision in her left eye. Optic neuritis was suspected with physical examination and confirmed with imaging of the optic nerve. Further diagnostic evaluation was nonsuggestive of multiple sclerosis and other demyelinating diseases; however, the patient was found to be positive for SARS-CoV-2. Steroids and remdesivir treatment were started, but without the presence of any respiratory symptoms. The patient's symptoms completely resolved by day 5 of hospitalization and she was discharged home without any complications. CONCLUSIONS Optic neuritis has remained an uncommon complication of SARS-CoV-2. This rather rare complication of SARS-CoV-2 is one that clinicians should be cognizant of due to the long-term implications of optic neuritis. Furthermore, it is pertinent to consider ophthalmic involvement in SARS-CoV-2 infection to appropriately guide patient care during the pandemic, as prompt treatment can lead to improved outcomes.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Multiple Sclerosis , Optic Neuritis , Adult , Female , Humans , Optic Neuritis/diagnosis , Optic Neuritis/etiology , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Young Adult
8.
Pan Afr Med J ; 38: 142, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1264677

ABSTRACT

Hemorrhagic manifestations during COVID-19 infections are increasingly described in the literature. We report the first case of spontaneous subcapsular hematoma of the liver revealing a COVID-19 infection in a 44-year-old woman with no underlying health condition history, a computerized tomography evaluation showed an aspect of lung ground-glass opacities, with moderate impairment estimated at about 20%. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction confirmed the diagnosis of COVID-19 infection. During the COVID-19 pandemic, non-traumatic bleeding such as spontaneous hematomas in patients with no coagulation disorder could be a manifestation of COVID-19 infection.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/diagnosis , Hematoma/diagnosis , Liver Diseases/diagnosis , Adult , COVID-19/complications , Female , Hematoma/pathology , Hematoma/virology , Humans , Liver Diseases/pathology , Liver Diseases/virology , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
9.
Ann Med Surg (Lond) ; 67: 102484, 2021 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1263208

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: COVID19 infection is most often reveled by pulmonary symptoms, however cardiovascular manifestations has been observed revealing this infection with absence of respiratory symptoms. CLINICAL CASE: A 62 year old female patient, with no medical history, admitted to the emergency room for epigastric pain, with no respiratory signs, the exploration revealed myocardial infarction with COVID 19 infection. CONCLUSION: COVID19 infection manifest mainly with respiratory symptoms but it can also be revealed by cardiac manifestations with absence of respiratory symptoms.Physicians must be aware of these atypical manifestations and act accordingly to isolate patients to limit the spread of this disease.

10.
Rheumatol Int ; 41(8): 1509-1514, 2021 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1258195

ABSTRACT

A 77-year-old man with past medical history of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) on rituximab and prednisone, presented to the hospital with worsening cough and shortness of breath. He had tested positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection by nasal swab polymerase chain reaction (PCR) while asymptomatic, 6 weeks earlier. He started with cough and shortness of breath 2 weeks after his initial positive test. After developing symptoms, he tested negative twice by nasal swab PCR, but the PCR of his bronchioloalveolar lavage was positive for SARS-CoV-2. He did not develop antibodies against coronavirus. Prednisone 15 mg daily was continued, and he received remdesivir, and convalescent plasma with quick recovery. We reviewed the literature to search for similar cases. Our case suggests that SARS-CoV-2 infection in patients on rituximab may have an atypical presentation and the diagnosis may be delayed due to negative PCR testing in the nasal swab. Patients may benefit from treatment with convalescent plasma.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/virology , Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis/drug therapy , Immunosuppressive Agents/adverse effects , Rituximab/adverse effects , SARS-CoV-2/pathogenicity , Aged , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/drug therapy , COVID-19/immunology , COVID-19/therapy , Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis/diagnosis , Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis/immunology , Host-Pathogen Interactions , Humans , Immunization, Passive , Immunocompromised Host , Male , SARS-CoV-2/immunology , Treatment Outcome
11.
Eur J Hybrid Imaging ; 5(1): 11, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1247612

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The vaccination immune response may induce false-positive 18F-FDG PET/CT uptake. CASE PRESENTATION: An extended supraclavicular lymph nodal activation after coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccination revealed on 18F-FDG PET/CT mimics a Virchow nodule in a patient with medical history of well-differentiated appendicular adenocarcinoma. CONCLUSION: This case highlights a nodal activation beyond axillary area and the importance of documenting vaccination history at the time of scanning to avoid false-positive results.

12.
Ann Clin Microbiol Antimicrob ; 20(1): 39, 2021 May 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1242238

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: There is limited and controverting evidence looking at possible associations of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) RNA copies and patient variables in large cohorts of symptomatic and asymptomatic patients. METHODS: We studied 2275 symptomatic and asymptomatic patients from Colombia with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and analyzed the associations between RT-PCR cycle threshold (Ct) value with gender, age, comorbidities, symptomatology, and disease severity. RESULTS: 15.4 % of the samples (n = 428) reported at least one comorbidity. There were 2011 symptomatic cases (72.4 %), being the most common reported symptom cough (57.2 %, n = 1586). Respiratory distress was present in 21.4 % of patients (n = 595), and 435 patients (15.6 %) required hospital admission. We observed that patients with no prior medical history harbored higher RNA copies than patients with comorbidities (p = 0.02). No significant differences in RNA copies were observed between symptomatic and asymptomatic patients (p = 0.82). Strong correlations were detected between Ct values and the presence of odynophagia (p = 0.03), diarrhea (p = 0.04), and headache (p = 0.0008). An inverse association was found between RNA copy number and markers of disease severity, namely, respiratory distress (P < 0.0001) and hospitalization requirement (P < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR cycle thresholds reveal strong associations with a prior medical history, specific symptomatology, and disease severity markers. Further research controlling potential confounding variables needs to be conducted to evaluate the nature and usefulness of these associations in managing COVID-19 patients.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/pathology , RNA, Viral/blood , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Viral Load/genetics , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing , Child , Child, Preschool , Colombia , Comorbidity , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , RNA, Viral/genetics , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Young Adult
13.
Cureus ; 13(5): e14854, 2021 May 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1239157

ABSTRACT

Despite the many benefits of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in the treatment of degenerative arthritis, infection of the total knee prosthesis presents a dangerous post-operative complication affecting 0.5-1.9% of all cases. Infection after the first three post-operative weeks is treated with either one or two-stage revision operations involving the removal of all prosthetic components. Two-stage revision operations are more commonly used and involve the removal of prosthetic components followed by the implantation of a cement mold infused with antibiotics (antibiotic spacer) as well as systemic antibiotic treatment for four to six weeks before prosthetic reimplantation. This case report details a TKA revision in a patient with osteoarthritis of the knee. The patient presented with an elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, and white blood cell count nearly two years after the primary operation and was found to have an infected total knee prosthetic. A two-stage revision was planned but due to scheduling disruption by the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, the second stage of the operation was delayed until 12 months after the stage one operation. The patient ambulated without pain on an antibiotic spacer for 12 months, providing information about the long-term use of spacers. This case also offers a look at a potential benefit to one-stage operations, which have been shown in the literature to have similar outcomes as two-stage operations. The patient had a medical history of psoriasis and immunosuppressive treatment with methotrexate, two risk factors for prosthetic joint infection, and may have benefited from prophylactic antibiotic therapy extending beyond the perioperative period. The goal of this case report is to detail the prolonged use of an antibiotic spacer, examine the risks and benefits of one and two-stage total knee revisions, and discuss prophylactic antibiotic use in high-risk patients following TKA.

14.
SAGE Open Med Case Rep ; 9: 2050313X211013261, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1238637

ABSTRACT

Vestibular neuritis is a disorder selectively affecting the vestibular portion of the eighth cranial nerve generally considered to be inflammatory in nature. There have been no reports of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 causing vestibular neuritis. We present the case of a 42-year-old Caucasian male physician, providing care to COVID-19 patients, with no significant past medical history, who developed acute vestibular neuritis, 2 weeks following a mild respiratory illness, later diagnosed as COVID-19. Physicians should keep severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 high on the list as a possible etiology when suspecting vestibular neuritis, given the extent and implications of the current pandemic and the high contagiousness potential.

15.
J Hematol ; 10(2): 83-88, 2021 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1234947

ABSTRACT

This is a case report of a 63-year-old African American female with a past medical history most significant for metastatic cholangiocarcinoma that presented for evaluation of persistent shortness of breath. Initial workup was remarkable for refractory anemia, moderate schistocytes on peripheral smear and lab work suggestive of a hemolytic anemia. Due to concern for thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), she subsequently underwent several rounds of plasma exchange without significant improvement. Secondary to progressive renal failure, patient eventually had a renal biopsy with findings remarkable for thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA). Simultaneously, patient was also diagnosed with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection. After a few weeks of supportive care, she was stable for discharge. Unfortunately, she did become dialysis dependent. Prior to hospital admission, she was being treated for metastatic cholangiocarcinoma and had received chemotherapy with gemcitabine. Her last chemotherapy session was approximately 3 weeks prior to her first hospitalization. Furthermore, although her hemolytic work did suggest TMA, it was not consistent with the diagnosis of TTP. She was transferred to a tertiary care center where hemolytic labs were trended, and supportive care was maximized. In light of the current COVID-19 pandemic, it is crucial to further investigate the pathophysiology of TMA in patients with active malignancies and COVID-19 infections. To our knowledge, this is the first case of TMA in a patient with both metastatic cholangiocarcinoma and COVID-19 infection.

16.
Case Rep Crit Care ; 2021: 5519812, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1231184

ABSTRACT

Fat embolism syndrome (FES) is a multiple organ disorder that can appear after pelvic and long bone fractures. The most common clinical finding is hypoxia, accompanied by diffuse petechiae, alveolar infiltrates, altered mental status, fever, polypnea, and tachycardia. We present a mild FES case on a 32-year-old man with no medical history admitted for an orthopedic procedure, following both tibia and fibulae fractures. Thirty hours postoperatively, he developed respiratory failure with altered mental status and needed admission in the intensive care unit. The chest radiography and later chest tomography raised the suspicion of a COVID-19 disease, even if our first suspicion was FES. After being carefully investigated in a dedicated COVID-19 ward and three negative RT-PCR SARS-CoV-2 tests, he returned to continue supportive treatment in the orthopedic intensive care ward. His evolution was favorable with discharge at ten days, without sequelae. In the context of the SARS CoV-2 pandemic, differential diagnosis has become an increasingly challenging process. Added to the variety of preexisting respiratory diseases and disorders, the COVID-19 infection, with its symptomatology so similar to multiple other pulmonary diseases, must not cloud our clinical judgement.

17.
Hum Pathol (N Y) ; 24: 200524, 2021 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1230451

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To report the postmortem findings of a severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) positive individual who died in Lagos (Nigeria) in June 2020 and to investigate the cause, pathogenesis as well as pathological changes noticed during the examination. METHODS: Complete postmortem examination was performed according to standard procedures in a regular autopsy suite using personal protective equipment including N95 masks, goggles and disposable gowns. The diagnosis of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was confirmed by real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) testing on postmortem nasopharyngeal swabs. RESULTS: A 47-year-old man with a medical history of well controlled hypertension and dyslipidaemia died after long hours of transportation for medical care in a hospital in Lagos. He tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 on ante- and postmortem nasopharyngeal swabs. Autopsy revealed pneumonia with diffuse alveolar damage, disseminated intravascular coagulopathy and hypovolaemic shock. CONCLUSIONS: Autopsy can be performed on decedents who died from or with SARS-CoV-2 infection in a low resource environment such as ours. A standard autopsy room was used while deploying recommended infection prevention control and regular decontamination. The clinical details, autopsy findings such as diffuse alveolar damage and airway inflammation were consistent with a COVID-19 related pathology. While the decedent had 'controlled' co-morbidity, he succumbed to multi-organ failure occasioned by shock and disseminated intravascular coagulopathy.

18.
Oxf Med Case Reports ; 2021(4): omab024, 2021 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1219706

ABSTRACT

Lymphoma of bone is a rare neoplasm composed of malignant lymphoid cells, producing a tumefactive lesion within bone. We report a 13-year-old male who presented with progressively increasing swellings at the right shoulder and right mid-thigh for one month. Radiological images revealed lytic destructive lesions associated with soft tissue masses in both sites and a pathological fracture on the right humerus. The patient had no significant medical history. Histological, immunohistochemical and fluorescent in-situ hybridization assessment of biopsies from the lesions confirmed the diagnosis of primary non-Hodgkin lymphoma of bone. Unfortunately, due to coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak, the patient was unable to follow-up treatment and died shortly after establishment of the diagnosis. Delay in diagnosis and treatment is of serious concern when it comes to improve the prognosis of patients with this disease.

19.
Radiol Case Rep ; 16(7): 1819-1821, 2021 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1213489

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has caused the ongoing global pandemic. It can manifest a wide range of complications depending upon the severity of infection and comorbidities of the patient. Vaccines are very important measure to provide protection against COVID-19. We report a case of 72-year-old female with past medical history of hypertension and diabetes mellitus who underwent imaging with positron emission tomography (PET) scan imaging for staging of her small cell urinary bladder cancer and was found to have hypermetabolic uptake in the deltoid muscle of the left shoulder and hypermetabolic left axillary and pectoral lymph nodes due to mRNA BNT-162b2 (Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine) vaccine administrated 3 days ago prior to PET scan.

20.
Cureus ; 13(3): e14040, 2021 Mar 22.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1175741

ABSTRACT

Cardiovascular complications in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients have been associated with poor prognosis. Myocarditis, acute coronary syndrome, heart failure, and arrhythmia have been reported.  We present a case of a 55-year-old female patient with no significant past medical history who was admitted due to COVID-19 induced acute hypoxemic respiratory failure. She developed multiple asymptomatic episodes of long sinus pauses as her oxygen requirements increased. These resolved without atropine and pacing as her respiratory status improved. Hypoxemia, cytokine storm, dysautonomia, direct viral infiltration, and surrounding myocardial inflammation are thought to be responsible for bradyarrhythmias associated with COVID-19. Both symptomatic and asymptomatic cases have been reported. Hospitalized COVID-19 patients should be monitored closely on telemetry in order to promptly recognize any arrhythmia; hence preventing an unexplained rapid decline in cardiopulmonary status by intensifying care and managing the arrhythmia in a timely manner. Follow-up studies would be needed to determine the long-term outcomes of COVID-19 patients who developed bradyarrhythmias.

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