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1.
J Atheroscler Thromb ; 28(4): 406-416, 2021 Apr 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1170541

ABSTRACT

A questionnaire on COVID-19-related thrombosis in patients hospitalized before Aug 31, 2020, was sent to 399 hospitals throughout Japan. Responses were received from 111 (27.8%) with information on 6,202 COVID-19 patients. Of these, 333 and 56 required ventilation or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), respectively, and 212 died (3.4%). D-dimer levels were measured in 75.0% of the patients, revealing that 9.2% and 7.6% exhibited D-dimer increases of 3-8-fold and ≥8-fold the reference value, respectively. Thrombotic events occurred in 108 patients (1.86% of the 5,807 patients with available data) including symptomatic cerebral infarction in 24, myocardial infarction in 7, deep vein thrombosis in 41, pulmonary thromboembolism in 30, and other thrombotic events in 22. Some patients developed multiple thrombotic events. Thrombosis occurred in 32 patients with mild or moderate COVID-19 severity (0.59% of those with data available) and in 52 patients on ventilation or ECMO (13.5% of severe patients for whom data were available). Thrombosis occurred in 67 patients during worsening clinical condition and in 26 during recovery. Anticoagulant therapy was provided to 893 patients (14.6% of the 6,119 patients with available data), the main reasons being provided as elevated D-dimer levels and worsening clinical condition.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , Thrombosis/complications , Aged , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , COVID-19/epidemiology , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Female , Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products/analysis , Hospitalization , Humans , Incidence , Japan/epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Myocardial Infarction , Oxygen/metabolism , Respiration, Artificial , Surveys and Questionnaires , Thrombosis/epidemiology
2.
J Anesth ; 35(3): 405-411, 2021 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1116944

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To characterize the clinical features and outcome of patients treated at a specialized hospital for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the symptoms on admission, treatment, and outcome of a total of 300 patients with mild (peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2) ≥ 96%), moderate I (93% < SpO2 < 96%), moderate II (SpO2 ≤ 93%) and severe (requiring admission to the ICU or mechanical ventilation) COVID-19. RESULTS: Median age was 53 (interquartile range [IQR] 33-72) years and 57% was male. The number of patients with mild, moderate I, II and severe condition was 85, 138, 61 and 16, respectively. Common presenting symptoms were cough (n = 71), loss of taste (42), loss of smell (39), fever ≥ 37.5 °C (36). Dyspnea was observed only 21 cases; 57 reported no symptoms on admission. Favipiravir, ciclesonide, dexamethasone, and heparin were administered in 106, 168, 65, and 38 patients, respectively, but not remdesivir. The median duration of hospitalization was 10 (7-15) days. All patients with mild and moderate I severity were discharged. Among the 77 patients classified as moderate II or severe, 3 were transferred to tertiary hospitals for further treatment on the day of admission. The respiratory condition worsened in 21 patients; 18 required transfer to tertiary hospitals 3 (median) days after admission and 3 died. CONCLUSION: Respiratory condition recovered in 92%; whereas it worsened in 7% and the mortality rate was 1%. The ratios of male patients, of patients with diabetes mellitus in those with the decreased respiratory condition, were significantly higher than recovered.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Adult , Aged , Hospitalization , Humans , Japan/epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Respiration, Artificial , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Treatment Outcome
3.
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B ; 21(12): 940-947, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-999887

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The proportion of recurrences after discharge among patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was reported to be between 9.1% and 31.0%. Little is known about this issue, however, so we performed a meta-analysis to summarize the demographical, clinical, and laboratorial characteristics of non-recurrence and recurrence groups. METHODS: Comprehensive searches were conducted using eight electronic databases. Data regarding the demographic, clinical, and laboratorial characteristics of both recurrence and non-recurrence groups were extracted, and quantitative and qualitative analyses were conducted. RESULTS: Ten studies involving 2071 COVID-19 cases were included in this analysis. The proportion of recurrence cases involving patients with COVID-19 was 17.65% (between 12.38% and 25.16%) while older patients were more likely to experience recurrence (weighted mean difference (WMD)=1.67, range between 0.08 and 3.26). The time from discharge to recurrence was 13.38 d (between 12.08 and 14.69 d). Patients were categorized as having moderate severity (odds ratio (OR)=2.69, range between 1.30 and 5.58), while those with clinical symptoms including cough (OR=5.52, range between 3.18 and 9.60), sputum production (OR=5.10, range between 2.60 and 9.97), headache (OR=3.57, range between 1.36 and 9.35), and dizziness (OR=3.17, range between 1.12 and 8.96) were more likely to be associated with recurrence. Patients presenting with bilateral pulmonary infiltration and decreased leucocyte, platelet, and CD4+ T counts were at risk of COVID-19 recurrence (OR=1.71, range between 1.07 and 2.75; WMD=-1.06, range between -1.55 and -0.57, WMD=-40.39, range between -80.20 and -0.48, and WMD=-55.26, range between -105.92 and -4.60, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The main factors associated with the recurrence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) after hospital discharge were older age, moderate severity, bilateral pulmonary infiltration, laboratory findings including decreased leucocytes, platelets, and CD4+ T counts, and clinical symptoms including cough, sputum production, headache, and dizziness. These factors can be considered warning indicators for the recurrence of SARS-CoV-2 and might help the development of specific management strategies.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/diagnosis , Recurrence , Age Factors , Blood Cell Count , CD4 Lymphocyte Count , COVID-19/pathology , Cough , Dizziness , Headache , Humans , Patient Discharge , Risk Factors
4.
Eur J Med Res ; 25(1): 61, 2020 Nov 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-945272

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) emerged from China in December 2019 and has presented as a substantial and serious threat to global health. We aimed to describe the clinical, epidemiological, and laboratory findings of patients in Saudi Arabia infected with SARS-CoV-2 to direct us in helping prevent and treat coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) across Saudi Arabia and around the world. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical, epidemiological, laboratory, and radiological characteristics, treatment, and outcomes of pediatric and adult patients in five hospitals in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, were surveyed in this study. RESULTS: 401 patients (mean age 38.16 ± 13.43 years) were identified to be SARS-CoV-2 positive and 80% of cases were male. 160 patients had moderate severity and 241 were mild in severity. The most common signs and symptoms at presentation were cough, fever, fatigue, and shortness of breath. Neutrophil and lymphocyte counts, aspartate aminotransferase, C-reactive protein, and ferritin were higher in the COVID-19 moderate severity patient group. Mild severity patients spent a shorter duration hospitalized and had slightly higher percentages of abnormal CT scans and X-ray imaging. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides an understanding of the features of non-ICU COVID-19 patients in Saudi Arabia. Further national collaborative studies are needed to streamline screening and treatment procedures for COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers/analysis , COVID-19/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19/diagnostic imaging , COVID-19/pathology , COVID-19/virology , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Saudi Arabia/epidemiology , Young Adult
5.
Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol ; 258(11): 2501-2507, 2020 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-734094

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the frequency and clinical presentation of conjunctivitis in hospitalized patients with COVID-19. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at the Hospital Clinico San Carlos of Madrid, Spain. A total of 301 subjects from the COVID admission unit with laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection were included. The presence and clinical characteristics of conjunctivitis were evaluated. Laboratory, radiological, and clinical results in patients with and without conjunctivitis stratified by sex were analyzed. RESULTS: Of the 301 subjects included, 180 patients (59.8%) were male and the median age was 72 years (IQ 59-82). Overall, 35 patients (11.6%) were diagnosed with acute conjunctivitis. We found no relationship between the COVID-19 severity score and the presence of conjunctivitis (P = 0.17). However, conjunctivitis was more frequent in males with moderate clinical severity and in women classified as clinically mild. The natural history of the disease seems to be a rapid self-limited conjunctivitis that improves without treatment and does not affect visual acuity nor associate short-term complications. CONCLUSIONS: Approximately, 1 out of 10 hospitalized non-critical COVID-19 patients presents conjunctivitis during the disease. Compared with other viral conjunctivitis, we found distinctive clinical findings that could guide defining and differentiating conjunctivitis in COVID-19 patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: 20/336_E_COVID.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus/isolation & purification , Conjunctivitis, Viral/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Eye Infections, Viral/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19 , Conjunctivitis, Viral/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Eye Infections, Viral/diagnosis , Female , Hospitalization , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Prevalence , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2 , Spain/epidemiology
6.
Sci Immunol ; 5(49)2020 07 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-646575

ABSTRACT

Although critical illness has been associated with SARS-CoV-2-induced hyperinflammation, the immune correlates of severe COVID-19 remain unclear. Here, we comprehensively analyzed peripheral blood immune perturbations in 42 SARS-CoV-2 infected and recovered individuals. We identified extensive induction and activation of multiple immune lineages, including T cell activation, oligoclonal plasmablast expansion, and Fc and trafficking receptor modulation on innate lymphocytes and granulocytes, that distinguished severe COVID-19 cases from healthy donors or SARS-CoV-2-recovered or moderate severity patients. We found the neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio to be a prognostic biomarker of disease severity and organ failure. Our findings demonstrate broad innate and adaptive leukocyte perturbations that distinguish dysregulated host responses in severe SARS-CoV-2 infection and warrant therapeutic investigation.


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , Betacoronavirus/immunology , Coronavirus Infections/immunology , Neutrophils/immunology , Pneumonia, Viral/immunology , T-Lymphocytes/immunology , Aged , COVID-19 , Clonal Selection, Antigen-Mediated/immunology , Coronavirus Infections/pathology , Cytokines/metabolism , Female , Humans , Immunity, Innate/immunology , Immunologic Memory/immunology , Lymphocyte Activation/immunology , Lymphocyte Count , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/pathology , SARS-CoV-2
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