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International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health ; 17(19):7310, 2020.
Artículo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-833762


The new corona virus infection SARS-CoV2 which was later renamed COVID-19 is a pandemic affecting public health The fear and the constraints imposed to control the pandemic may correspondingly influence leisure activities, such as birding, which is the practice of observing birds based on visual and acoustic cues Birders are people who carry out birding observations around the globe and contribute to the massive data collection in citizen science projects Contrasting to earlier COVID-19 studies, which have concentrated on clinical, pathological, and virological topics, this study focused on the behavioral changes of birders A total of 4484 questionnaire survey responses from 97 countries were received The questionnaire had an open-ended style About 85% of respondents reported that COVID-19 has changed their birding behavior The most significant change in birdwatchers’behavior was related to the geographic coverage of birding activities, which became more local People focused mostly on yard birding In total, 12% of respondents (n = 542 cases) reported having more time for birding, whereas 8% (n = 356 cases) reported having less time for birding Social interactions decreased since respondents, especially older people, changed their birding behavior toward birding alone or with their spouse Women reported more often than men that they changed to birding alone or with their spouse, and women also reported more often about canceled fieldtrips or society meetings Respondents from higher developed countries reported that they spend currently more time for birding, especially for birding alone or with their spouse, and birding at local hotspots Our study suggests that long lockdowns with strict regulations may severely impact on leisure activities In addition, a temporal and spatial shift in birding due to the pandemic may influence data quality in citizen science projects As nature-based recreation will be directed more toward nearby sites, environmental management resources and actions need to be directed to sites that are located near the users, e g , in urban and suburban areas The results can be applied with caution to other nature-based recreational activities

Psychiatr. Psychol. Klin. ; 2(20): 94-97, 2020.
Artículo en Polaco | ELSEVIER | ID: covidwho-719909


Introduction: Nature-based therapeutic interventions are an increasingly researched form of psychological and psychiatric help incorporated in the clinical practice. Methods: An anonymous questionnaire was conducted via social media and email to ask psychiatrists working in Poland whether contact with nature, wild bird watching in particular, contributes to their mental well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic-related isolation as well as which bird species they have spotted. Results: Contact with nature, bird watching in particular, had many positive effects on the well-being of doctors during the epidemic. It met the basic needs, such as the need for security and a relationship with the good, permanent and accessible world of nature, which allowed for stabilization of mental well-being. It was found that the notions of freedom associated with birds allow for the mental experience of relativizing limitations and restrictions during isolation. This has become a part of recently increasingly investigated and discussed trend, which assumes that contact with nature, birds in particular, is of great positive importance for mental health. The respondents spotted a total of 22 bird species.

Sci Rep ; 10(1): 12512, 2020 07 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-688874


Coronaviruses may exert severely negative effects on the mortality and morbidity of birds and mammals including humans and domestic animals. Most recently CoVID-19 has killed about half million people (27th of June, 2020). Susceptibility to this disease appears to differ markedly across different societies but the factors underlying this variability are not known. Given that prevalence of toxoplasmosis in human societies may serve as a proxy for hygiene, and it also exerts both direct and immune-mediated antiviral effects, we hypothesize a negative covariation between toxoplasmosis and measures of the CoVID-19 pandemic across countries. We obtained aged-adjusted toxoplasmosis prevalence of pregnant women from the literature. Since the differences in the CoVID-19 morbidity and mortality may depend on the different timing of the epidemics in each country, we applied the date of first documented CoVID-19 in each country as a proxy of susceptibility, with a statistical control for population size effects. Using these two indices, we show a highly significant negative co-variation between the two pandemics across 86 countries. Then, considering that the wealth of nations often co-varies with the prevalence of diseases, we introduced GDP per capita into our model. The prevalence of toxoplasmosis co-varies negatively, while the date of first CoVID-19 co-varies positively with GDP per capita across countries. Further, to control for the strong spatial autocorrelation among countries, we carried out a Spatial Structure Analyses of the relationships between the date of first CoVID-19, prevalence of toxoplasmosis, and GDP per capita. Results of this analysis did not confirm a direct causal relationship between toxoplasmosis and susceptibility to the CoVID-19 pandemics. As far as an analysis of observational data let us to suggest, it appears that the interaction between CoVID-19 and toxoplasmosis is mediated by GDP per capita and spatial effects. This prompts the question whether the formerly known covariations of CoVID-19 and BCG vaccination or air pollution might have also emerged as spurious indirect effects.

Infecciones por Coronavirus/patología , Neumonía Viral/patología , Toxoplasmosis/patología , Betacoronavirus/aislamiento & purificación , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/virología , Susceptibilidad a Enfermedades/economía , Humanos , Modelos Lineales , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/virología , Prevalencia , Toxoplasmosis/epidemiología , Toxoplasmosis/parasitología