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Gutiérrez-Gutiérrez, Belén, del Toro, María Dolores, Borobia, Alberto M.; Carcas, Antonio, Jarrín, Inmaculada, Yllescas, María, Ryan, Pablo, Pachón, Jerónimo, Carratalà, Jordi, Berenguer, Juan, Arribas, Jose Ramón, Rodríguez-Baño, Jesús, Aznar Muñoz, Esther, Gil Divasson, Pedro, González Muñiz, Patricia, Muñoz Aguirre, Clara, Retamar, Pilar, Valiente, Adoración, López-Cortés, Luis E.; Sojo-Dorado, Jesús, Bravo-Ferrer, José, Salamanca, Elena, Palacios-Baena, Zaira R.; Pérez-Palacios, Patricia, Gandullo-Moro, María, Ruíz-Hueso, Rocío, Moya-González, Natalia, Valido-Morales, Agustín, Pavón-Masa, María, Díaz Menéndez, Marta, De la Calle Prieto, Fernando, Arsuaga Vicente, Marta, Trigo Esteban, Elena, De Miguel Buckley, Rosa, Cadiñanos Loidi, Julen, Busca Arenzana, Carmen, Mican Rivera, Rafael, Mora Rillo, Marta, Loeches Yagüe, Belén, Bernardino de la Serna, José Ignacio, García Rodríguez, Julio, Montejano Sánchez, Rocío, Diaz Pollan, Beatriz, López, Juan Carlos, Ramírez-Schacke, Margarita, Gutiérrez, Isabel, Tejerina, Francisco, Aldámiz-Echevarría, Teresa, Díez, Cristina, Fanciulli, Chiara, Pérez-Latorre, Leire, Parras, Francisco, Catalán, Pilar, García-Leoni, María E.; Pérez-Tamayo, Isabel, Puente, Luis, Cedeño, Jamil, Such-Diaz, Ana, Álvaro-Alonso, Elena, Izquierdo-García, Elsa, Torres-Macho, Juan, Cuevas, Guillermo, Notario, Helena, Mestre-Gómez, Beatriz, Jiménez-González de Buitrago, Eva, Fernández-Jiménez, Inés, Tebar-Martínez, Ana Josefa, Brañas, Fátima, Valencia, Jorge, Pérez-Butragueño, Mario, Alvarado, Marta, Abelenda-Alonso, Gabriela, Ardanuy, Carmen, Bergas, Alba, Cuervo, Guillermo, Domínguez, María Ángeles, Fernández-Huerta, Miguel, Gudiol, Carlota, Lorenzo-Esteller, Laia, Niubó, Jordi, Pérez-Recio, Sandra, Podzamczer, Daniel, Pujol, Miquel, Rombauts, Alexander, Trullen, Núria, Cisneros, José Miguel, Amodeo, Cristina, Camacho, Pedro, Espinosa, Nuria, García-Gutiérrez, Manuel, Jara-Palomares, Luis, González-León, Rocío, Molina, José, Nieto Martín, María Dolores, Paniagua, María, Poyato, Manuel, Rodríguez-Villodres, Ángel, Ruiz de Azua, Zaida, Salamanca, Celia, Sepúlveda Berrocal, Mº Antonia, Yera Bergua, Carmen, Toledano Sierra, Pilar, Cano Llorente, Verónica, Zafar Iqubal-Mirza, Sadaf, Muñiz, Gema, Martín Pérez, Inmaculada, Mozas Moriñigo, Helena, Alguacil, Ana, García Butenegro, María Paz, Peláez Ballesta, Ana Isabel, Morcillo Rodríguez, Elena, Goikoetxea Agirre, Josune, Blanco Vidal, María José, Nieto Arana, Javier, del Álamo Martínez de Lagos, Mikel, Pérez Hernández, Isabel A.; Pérez Zapata, Inés, Silvariño Fernández, Rafael, Ugalde Espiñeira, Jon, Rivas-Carmenado, María, Suárez Pérez, Lucia, Suárez Diaz, Silvia, Yllera Gutiérrez, Carmen, Boix, Vicente, Díez Martínez, Marcos, Carreres Candela, Melissa, Gómez-Ayerbe, Cristina, Sánchez-Lora, Javier, Velasco Garrido, José Luis, López-Jodar, María, Santos González, Jesús, Ruiz Aragón, Jesús, Virto Peña, Ianire, Alende Castro, Vanessa, Sande Llovo, Diana, Vega Molpeceres, Sonia, Pons Viñas, Estel, del Río Pérez, Oscar, Valero Rovira, Silvia, Villar-García, Judit, Gómez-Junyent, Joan, Cánepa, María Cecilia, Castañeda Espinosa, Silvia, Letang, Emilio, Arenas-Miras, María del Mar, Gómez-Zorrilla, Silvia, Sánchez Martínez, Francesca, Lerma-Chippirraz, Elisabet, García Vázquez, Elisa, Moral Escudero, Encarnación, Roura Piloto, Aychel Elena, García Almodóvar, Esther, Sáez Barberá, Carmen, Karroud, Zineb, Hernández Quero, José, Vinuesa García, David, García Fogeda, José Luis, Peregrina, José Antonio, Novella Mena, María, Hernández Gutiérrez, Cristina, Sanz Moreno, José, Pérez Tanoira, Ramón, Navarro López, Jorge, Balsa Vázquez, Javier, Gutiérrez García, Aida, Arranz Caso, Alberto, Cuadros González, Juan, Álvarez de Mon Soto, Melchor, Díaz De Brito Fernández, Vicente Ferrer, Sanmarti Vilamala, Montserrat, Gabarrell Pascuet, Aina, Molina Morant, Daniel, España Cueto, Sergio, Cámara Fernández, Jonathan, Sabater Gil, Albert, Muñoz López, Laura, Jorge García, Ruth, Molina Torres, Nora, Sempere Alcocer, Marco Antonio, De Castro Vega, Francisco Javier, De los Santos Gil, Ignacio, García-Fraile, Lucio, Sampedro Núñez, Miguel, Barrios Blandino, Ana, Rodríguez Franco, Carlos, Useros Brañas, Daniel, Villa Martí, Almudena, Oliver Ortega, Javier, Costanza Espiño Álvarez, Alexia, Sanz Sanz, Jesús, Rexach Fumaña, María, Policarpo Torres, Guillem, Ortega Montoliu, Meritxell, Sala Jofre, Clara, Casas Rodríguez, Susana, Tortajada Alamilla, Cecilia, Oltra, Carmina, Masiá Canuto, Mar, Gutiérrez Rodero, Félix, Oltra Sempere, María Rosa, Vela Berna, Sara, Pedromingo Kus, Miguel, Garcinuño, María Ángeles, De la Vega, Alexandra, Pérez Pinto, Sergio, Hernández Machín, Pilar, Alastrué Violeta, Alba, Fariñas Álvarez, María Carmen, González Rico, Claudia, Arnaiz de las Revillas, Francisco, Calvo, Jorge, Gozalo, Mónica, Mora Gómez, Francisco, Milagro Beamonte, Ana, Latorre-Millán, Miriam, Rezusta López, Antonio, Martínez Sapiña, Ana, Meije, Yolanda, Ribera Puig, Alba, Ortega Enciso, Lucía, Sanz Salvador, Xavier, Losa García, Juan Emilio, Velasco Arribas, María, Pérez-Rodríguez, M. Teresa, Pérez González, Alexandre, Belhassen-García, Moncef, Rodríguez-Alonso, Beatriz, López-Bernus, Amparo, Carbonell, Cristina, Torres Perea, Rafael, Cantón De Seoane, Juan, Alonso, Blanca, Kamal, Sara Lidia, Cajuela, Lucía, Roa, David, Cervero, Miguel, Oreja, Alberto, Avilés, Juan Pablo, Martín, Lidia, Pelegrín Senent, Iván, Rouco Esteves Marques, Rosana, Parra Ruiz, Jorge, Ramos Sesma, Violeta, Abadia Otero, Jésica, Salillas Hernando, Juan, Torres Sánchez del Arco, Robert, Torralba González de Suso, Miguel, Serrano Martínez, Alberto, Gilaberte Reyzábal, Sergio, Pacheco Martínez-Atienza, Marina, Liébana Gómez, Mónica, Fernández Rodríguez, Sara, Varela Plaza, Álvaro, Calvo Sánchez, Henar, Martínez Martín, Patricia, González- Ruano, Patricia, Malmierca Corral, Eduardo, Rábago Lorite, Isabel, Pérez-Monte Mínguez, Beatriz, García Flores, Ángeles, Comas Casanova, Pere, Sirisi, Merce, Rojas, Richard, Díaz de Tuesta del Arco, José Luis, Figueroa Cerón, Ruth, González Sarria, Ander, Alemán Valls, Remedios, Alonso Socas, María del Mar, Sanz Peláez, Oscar, Mohamed Ramírez, Karim, Riera Jaume, Melchor, Vilchez, Helem Haydee, Albertí, Francesc, Cañabate, Ana Isabel, Moreno Cuerda, Víctor J.; Álvarez Kaelis, Silvia, Álvarez Zapatero, Beatriz, García García, Alejandro, Isaba Ares, Elena, Morcate Fernández, Covadonga, Pérez Rodríguez, Andrea, Ramos Merino, Lucía, Castelo Corral, Laura, Rodríguez Mahía, María, González Bardanca, Mónica, Sánchez Vidal, Efrén, Míguez Rey, Enrique, Correa Ruiz, Ana, García de Lomas Guerrero, José Mº, Daniel López, Daniel, Marinas, Rebeca, Morando, Marta, Gómez García, Lucía, Boix Palop, Lucia, Dietl Gómez-Luengo, Beatriz, Pedrola Gorrea, Iris, Blasco Claramunt, Amparo, López Mestanza, Cristina, Fraile Villarejo, Esther, Jaén Sánchez, Nieves, Orihuela Martín, Jorge, Algado Rabasa, José Tomas, Garijo Saiz, Ana María, Amador Prous, Concepción, Salavert Lletí, Miguel, Hernández Belmonte, Adriana, Martínez Goñi, Raquel, Navarro Vilasaró, Marta, Calzado Isbert, Sonia, Cervantes García, Manuel, Gomila Grange, Aina, Gasch Blasi, Oriol, Machado Sicilia, María Luisa, Van den Eynde Otero, Eva, Falgueras López, Luis, Navarro Sáez, María del Carmen, Martínez, Esteban, Marcos, Mº Ángeles, Mosquera, Mar, Blanco, José Luis, Laguno, Montserrat, Rojas, Jhon, González-Cordón, Ana, Inciarte, Alexy, Torres, Berta, De la Mora, Lorena, Soriano, Alex, Martínez Macia, Olalla, Pérez Doñate, Virginia, Cabello Úbeda, Alfonso, Carrasco Antón, Nerea, Álvarez Álvarez, Beatriz, Petkova Saiz, Elizabet, Górgolas Hernández-Mora, Miguel, Prieto Pérez, Laura, Carrillo Acosta, Irene, Heili Frades, Sara, Villar Álvarez, Felipe, Fernández Roblas, Ricardo, Sánchez Pernaute, Olga, Fernández Espinilla, Virginia, Castrodeza Sanz, José Javier, Dueñas Gutiérrez, Carlos Jesús, González-Romo, Fernando, Merino Amador, Paloma, Rueda López, Alba, Martínez Jordán, Jorge, Medrano Pardo, Sara, Díaz de la Torre, Irene, Posada Franco, Yolanda, Delgado-Iribarren, Alberto, López-Contreras González, Joaquín, Pascual Alonso, Pablo, Pomar Solchaga, Virginia, Rabella García, Nuria, Benito Hernández, Natividad, Domingo Pedrol, Pere, Bonfill Cosp, Xavier, Padrós Selma, Rafael, Puig Campmany, Mireia, Mancebo Cortés, Jordi, Gurguí Ferrer, Mercè, Íñigo Pestaña, Melania, Pérez García, Alejandra, Sorní Moreno, Patricia, Izko Gartzia, Nora, Membrillo de Novales, Francisco Javier, Simón Sacristán, María, Zamora Cintas, Maribel, Martínez Martínez, Yolanda, Estébanez Muñoz, Miriam, Ramírez-Olivencia, Germán, Herrero Mendoza, María Dolores, De Dios García, Begoña, Mata Forte, Tatiana, Rodríguez Fernández, José María, Sáez de Adana Arróniz, Ester, Portu Zapirain, Joseba, Gainzarain Arana, Juan Carlos, Ortiz de Zárate Ibarra, Zuriñe, Moran Rodríguez, Miguel Ángel, Canut Blasco, Andrés, Hernáez Crespo, Silvia, Sanjosé Muñiz, Irene, Molina Iturritza, Estíbaliz, Ganchegui Aguirre, Maite, Urrestarazu Larrañag, Miren, De la Higuera Arranz, Carmen, Álvarez Padín, Pilar, Iglesias Llorente, Laura, Román Bernal, Berta, Sánchez Montalvá, Adrián, Espinosa Pereiro, Juan, Almirante, Benito, Miarons, Marta, Sellarés, Júlia, Larrosa, María, Villamarín, Miguel, Fernández, Nuria, Salvador, Fernando, Bosch-Nicolau, Pau, Pérez-Jorge Peremarch, Conchita, Resino Foz, Elena, Espigares Correa, Andrea, Álvarez de Espejo Montiel, Teresa, Navas Clemente, Iván, Quijano Contreras, María Isabel, Nieto Fernández del Campo, Luis Alberto, Jiménez Álvarez, Guillermo, Guillamón Sánchez, Mercedes, García García, Josefina, Muñoz Hornero, Constanza, Cosmen Sánchez, Ana, Mariño Callejo, Ana, Valcarce Pardeiro, Nieves, Smithson Amat, Alex, Chico Chumillas, Cristina, Sánchez Serrano, Adriana, Piñar Cabezos, Diana, Jiménez Martínez, Isabel, Estrada Fernández, Guillermo, Lorén Vargas, María, Parra Arribas, Nuria, Martínez Cilleros, Carmen, Villasante de la Puente, Aránzazu, García Delange, Teresa, Ruiz Rodríguez, María José, Robledo del Prado, Marta, Abad Almendro, Juan Carlos, Muñoz del Rey, José Román, Jiménez Álvaro, Montaña, Coy Coy, Javier, Poquet Catala, Inmaculada, Santos Peña, Marta, Mora Delgado, Juan, Manso Gómez, Tamara, Rubio Obanos, Teresa, Barbeito Castiñeiras, Gema, Domínguez Santalla, María Jesús, Mao Martín, Laura, Adalid Moll, María, Díaz Luperena, Javier, Ruiz Grinspan, Martín Sebastián, Barrós González, Raquel, Herrera Pacheco, Lourdes, Martínez Avilés, Rocío, Rodrigo González, Sara, Rodríguez Leal, Cristóbal Manuel, Romay Lema, Eva María, Suárez Gil, Roi, Bustinduy Odriozola, Maria Jesús, Marimón Ortiz de Zárate, José María, Vidaur Tello, Loreto, Kortajarena Urkola, Xabier, Arriola Martínez, Paula, Lartategi Iraurgi, Alazne, Álvarez de Castro, Maria, Martínez Mateu, Cintia María, Rodríguez Gómez, Francisco, Asschert Agüero, Isabel, Chamarro Martí, Elena, Franch Llasat, Diego, Zakariya-Yousef Breval, Ismail, Rico Rodríguez, Marta, Martínez López, Belén, García-López, María, Fernández Cruz, Ana, Calderón Parra, Jorge, Ramos Martínez, Antonio, Múñez Rubio, Elena, Vázquez Comendador, José Manuel, Diego Yagüe, Itziar, Expósito Palomo, Esther, Díaz de Santiago, Alberto, De la Fuente Moral, Sara, Pintos Pascual, Ilduara, Álvarez Franco, Raquel, Fernández de Orueta, Lucía, Vates Gómez, Roberto, Cardona Arias, Andrés Felipe, Marguenda Contreras, Pablo, Gaspar Alonso-Vega, Gabriel, Aranda Rife, Elena María, Martínez Cifre, Blanca, Roger Zapata, Daniel, Martín Rubio, Irene, Barbosa Ventura, André, Piñero, Iván, Bahamonde Carrasco, Alberto, Martínez Vidal, Ana, Talavera García, Eva, Mendoza Roy, Paula, Urrutia Losada, Ainhoa, Arteche Eguizabal, Lorea, Delgado Sánchez, Elisabet, Bañón Escandell, Sara, Caro Bragado, Sarah, Domínguez de Pablos, Gema, Herrero Rodríguez, Carmen, Liébana Martos, Carmen, Force Sanmartín, Luis, Aranega, Raquel, Mera Fidalgo, Arantzazu, Hortos Alsina, Miquel, Merchante Gutiérrez, Nicolas, León Jiménez, Eva María, Del Pozo León, José Luís, Serralta Buades, Josefa, Cabrera Tejada, Ginger Giorgiana, Fernández-Ruiz, Mario, Aguado, José María, Maestro de la Calle, Guillermo, Vizcarra, Pilar, Rodriguez Dominguez, Mario José, Gioia, Francesca, Del Campo, Santos, Cantón Moreno, Rafael, Martín Dávila, Pilar, Casado, José Luis, Oteo Revuelta, José Antonio, Santibáñez Sáenz, Paula, Cervera Acedo, Cristina, Ruiz Martínez, Carlos, Blanco Ramos, José Ramón, Azcona Gutiérrez, José M.; García García, Concepción, Alba Fernández, Jorge, Ibarra Cucalón, Valvanera, San Franco, Mercedes, Metola Sacristán, Luis, Meijide Míguez, Héctor, Gredilla Zubiría, Íñigo, Menéndez, Justo, Villares Fernández, Paula, Montes Andújar, Lara, Navarro Batet, Álvaro, Ferrer Santolaria, Anna, Padilla Salazar, María de la Luz, Abella Vázquez, Lucy, Hayek Peraza, Marcelino, García Pardo, Antonio, Hernández Carballo, Carolina, Ruiz Fernández, Andrés Javier, Barrio López, Isabel, Martakoush, Alí, Rojas-Vieyra, Agustín, García Calvo, Sonia, Villarreal García-Lomas, Mercedes, Vizcaíno Callejón, Marta, García García, María Pilar, Lérida Urteaga, Ana, Carrasco Fons, Natalia, María Sanjuan, Beatriz, Martín González, Lydia, Sanz Zamudio, Camilo, Alejos, Belén, Moreno, Cristina, Rava, Marta, Iniesta, Carlos, Izquierdo, Rebeca, Suárez-García, Inés, Díaz, Asunción, Ruiz-Alguero, Marta, Hernando, Victoria, Frías, Jesús, Ramírez, Elena, Martín-Quirós, Alejandro, Quintana-Díaz, Manuel, Mingorance, Jesús, Arnalich, Francisco, Moreno, Francisco, Figueiras, Juan Carlos, García-Arenzana, Nicolás, Montero-Vega, María Dolores, Romero-Gómez, María Pilar, Toro-Rueda, Carlos, García-Bujalance, Silvia, Ruiz-Carrascosa, Guillermo, Cendejas-Bueno, Emilio, Falces-Romero, Iker, Lázaro-Perona, Fernando, Ruiz-Bastián, Mario, Gutiérrez-Arroyo, Almudena, Girón De Velasco-Sada, Patricia, Dahdouh, Elie, Gómez-Arroyo, Bartolomé, García-Sánchez, Consuelo, Guedez-López, Virginia, Bloise-Sánchez, Iván, Alguacil-Guillén, Marina, Liras-Hernández, Maria Gracia, Sánchez-Castellano, Miguel Angel, García-Clemente, Paloma, González-Donapetry, Patricia, San José-Villar, S.; de Pablos-Gómez, Manuela, Gómez-Gil, Rosa, Corcuera-Pindado, Maria Teresa, Rico-Nieto, Alicia, Herrero, Alicia, Prieto-Arribas, Daniel, Oliver-Saez, Paloma, Mora-Corcovado, Roberto, Fernández-Calle, Pilar, Alcaide-Martín, María José, Díaz-Garzón, Jorge, Fernández-Puntero, Belén, Nuñez-Cabetas, Rocío, Crespo-Sánchez, Gema, Rodriguez-Fraga, Olaia, Mendez del Sol, Helena, Duque-Alcorta, Marta, Gomez-Rioja, Rubén, Sanz de Pedro, María, Pascual-García, Lydia, Segovia-Amaro, Marta, Iturzaeta-Sánchez, Jose Manuel, Rodriguez-Gutiérrez, Mercedes, Perez-Garcia Morillón, Amparo, Martinez Gallego, Miguel Angel, Fabre-Estremera, Blanca, Martinez-Chavez, Estefanía, Moreno-Parra, Isabel, Rodriguez-Roca, Neila, Ortiz-Sánchez, Daniel, Simon-Velasco, Manuela, Gabriela-Tomoiu, Ileana, Pizarro-Sanchez, Cristina, Montero-San Martín, Blanca, Qasem-Moreno, Ana Laila, Gómez-López, Marta, Casares Guerrero, Ismael, Buño-Soto, Antonio, Martí de Gracia, Milagros, Parra-Gordo, Luz, Diez-Tascón, Aurea, Ossaba-Vélez, Silvia, Pinilla, Inmaculada, Cuesta, Emilio, Fernández-Velilla, María, Torres, Maria Isabel, Garzón, Gonzalo, Pérez-Blanco, Verónica, Quintás-Viqueira, Almudena, San Juan, Isabel, Cantero-Escribano, José Miguel, Pérez-Romero, César, Castro-Martínez, Mercedes, Hernández-Rivas, Lucía, Pedraz, Teresa, Fernández-Bretón, Eva, García-Vaz, Claudia, Robustillo-Rodela, Ana, Torres Santos-Olmo, Rosario María, Rivera-Núñez, Angélica, Fernández-Fernández, Ignacio, Noguerol-Gutiérrez, Marina, Martínez-Virto, Ana María, González-Viñolis, Manuel, Cabrera-Gamero, Regina, Mayayo-Alvira, Rosa, Marín-Baselga, Raquel, Lo-Iacono García, Victoria, Lerín-Baratas, Macarena, Romero Gallego-Acho, Paloma, Reche-Martínez, Begoña, Tejada-Sorados, Renzo, Rico-Briñas, Mikel, Deza-Palacios, Ricardo, Fabra-Cadenas, Sara, Arroyo-Rico, Isabel, Ben-Abdellah, Lubna Dani, Labajo-Montero, Laura, Soriano-Arroyo, Rubén, López-Corcuer, Lorena, Calvin-García, Elena, Martínez-Álvarez, Susana, López-Tappero Irazábal, Laura, Pilares-Barco, Martín, González-Peña, Olga, Bejarano-Redondo, Guillermina, Iglesias-Sigüenza, Alberto, Tung-Chen, Yale, Maroun Eid, Charbel, Bravo-Lizcano, Ruth, Silvestre-Niño, Miguel, Perdomo-García, Frank, Alonso-González, Berta, Antón-Huguet, Berta, Arenas-Berenguer, Isabel, Cabré-Verdiell Surribas, Clara, Marqués-González, Francisco, Muñoz del Val, Elena, Ángeles Molina, María, Cancelliere-Fernández, Nataly, Pastor-Yvorra, Sivia, Frade-Pardo, Laura, López-Arévalo, Paloma, García, Isabel, Fernández-Capitán, Carmen, González-Garcia, Juan José, Herrero, Juan, Quesada Simón, María Angustias, Robles Marhuenda, Angel, Soto Abanedes, Clara, Noblejas Mozo, Ana María, Ramos, Juan Carlos, Jaras Hernandez, María Jesús, Martinez Robles, Elena, Moreno Fernandez, Alberto, Sanchez Purificación, Aquilino, Martin Gutiérrez, Juan Carlos, Martinez Hernández, Pedro Luis, Sancho Bueso, Teresa, Lorenzo Hernández, Alicia, Gutierrez Sancerni, Belén, Salgueiro, Giorgina, Martin Carbonero, Luz, Mostaza, Jose María, Martinez-López, María Angeles, Hontañón, Victor, Menéndez, Araceli, Alvarez Troncoso, Jorge, Castellano, Arancha, Marcelo-Calvo, Cristina, Vives-Beltrán, Ivo, Ramos Ruperto, Luis, Daroca-Bengoa, Germán, Arcos Rueda, María, Vasquez-Manau, Julia, Fernández Cidón, Pelayo, Rosario Herrero Gil, Carmen, Palmier Peláez, Esmeralda, Untoria Tabares, Yeray, Lahoz, Carlos, Estirado, Eva, Hernández, Clara, Garcia-Iglesias, Francisca, Monteoliva, Enrique, Martínez, Mónica, Vara, Marta, González Alegre, Teresa, Valencia, Maria Eulalia, Moreno, Victoria, Montes, Maria Luisa, Alcolea-Batres, Sergio, Cabanillas-Martín, Juan José, Carpio-Segura, Carlos, Casitas-Mateo, Raquel, Fernández-Bujarrabal Villoslada, Jaime, Fernández-Navarro, Isabel, Fernández-Lahera, Juan, García-Quero, Cristina, Hidalgo-Sánchez, María, Galera-Martínez, Raúl, García-Río, Francisco, Gómez-Carrera, Luis, Gómez-Mendieta, María Antonia, Mangas-Moro, Alberto, Martínez-Cerón, Elisabet, Martínez-Redondo, María, Martínez-Abad, Yolanda, Martínez-Verdasco, Antonio, Plaza-Moreno, Cristina, Quirós-Fernández, Sarai, Romera-Cano, Delia, Romero-Ribate, David, Sánchez-Sánchez, Begoña, Santiago-Recuerda, Ana, Villasante, Carlos, Zamarrón de Lucas, Ester, Arnalich-Montiel, Victoria, Mariscal-Aguilar, Pablo, Falcone, Adalgisa, Laorden-Escudero, Daniel, Prados Sánchez, María Concepción, Álvarez-Sala Walther, Rodolfo, García, Andony, Arévalo, Cristina, Gutiérrez, Carola, Yus, Santiago, Asensio, Maria José, Sánchez, Manolo, Añón, Jose Manuel, Manzanares, Jesús, García de Lorenzo, Abelardo, Perales, Eva, Civantos, Belén, Cachafeiro, Lucía, Agrifoglio, Alexander, Estébanez, Belén, Flores, Eva, Hernández, Mónica, Millán, Pablo, Rodríguez, Montserrat, Nanwani, Kapil, Arizcun, Beatriz, Pérez-Costa, Elena, Rodríguez-Álvarez, Diego, Sánchez-Martín, María, Quesada, Úrsula, Román-Hernández, Carmen, Dorao, Paloma, Álvarez-Rojas, Elena, Menéndez, Juan José, Verdú, Cristina, Gómez-Zamora, Ana, Schüffelmann, Cristina, Calderón-Llopis, Belén, Laplaza-González, María, Río-García, Miguel, Amores-Hernández, Irene, Rodríguez-Rubio, Miguel, de la Oliva, Pedro, Ruiz, Jose, Rosillo, Sandra, González, Oscar, Iniesta, Angel, Ponz, Ines, Muñoz-Ramón, José María, Hernández-Gancedo, María, Uña Orejón, Carmen R.; Sanabria-Carretero, Pascual, Moreno Gómez-Limón, Isidro, Seiz-Martinez, Alverio, Guasch-Arévalo, Emilia, Martín-Carrasco, Cristina, Alvar, Elena, Serrá, Lucía, Iannuccelli, Fabricio, Latorre, Julieta, Casares, Sandra, Valbuena, Isabel, Díaz Díez Picazo, Luis, Rodríguez Roca, Cristina, Cervera, Omar, García de las Heras, Esteban, Durán, Pilar, Castro, Carmen, Manrique de Lara, Carlos, Veganzones, Javier, López-Tofiño, Araceli, Fernandez-Cerezo, Estefanía, Zurita, Sergio, López-Martinez, Mercedes, Prim, Teresa, Alvárez del Vayo, Julía, Alcaraz, Gabriela, Castro, Luis, Yagüe, Julio, Díaz-Carrasco, Sofía, González-Pizarro, Patricio, Montero, Ana, Sagra, Francisco Javier, Suárez, Alejandro, Díez-Porres, Leyre, Varela-Cerdeira, María, Alonso-Babarro, Alberto, Abellán Martínez, Francisco, Alonso-Eiras, Jorge Ignacio, Álvarez Brandt, Alejandra, Archinà, Martina, Arribas-Terradillos, Silvia, Baselga-Puente, Trinidad, Barco Núñez, Pilar, Barrera-López, Natalia Guadalupe, Barrera-López, Lorena, Bartrina-Tarrio, Andres, Bassani, Gemma, Betancort de la Torre, Paula, Blanco-Bartolomé, Irene, Blasco-Andres, Celia, Brieba-Plata, Lucía, Cadenas-Gota, Fernando, Carrera-Vázquez, Paloma, Cascajares-Sanz, Carlota, Catino, Arianna, Cavallé-Pulla, Raquel, Ceniza-Pena, Daniel, Conde-Alonso, Ylenia María, Currás-Sánchez, Laura, Daltro-Lage, Marcelo, Esteban-Romero, Ana, Fernández Vidal, María Luisa, Ferrer Ortiz, Inés, de la Fuente Regaño, Lydia, Galindo-Ballesteros, Pablo, Garcia-Bellido Ruiz, Sara, García-Mochales Fortún, Carlos, Gómez-Ballesteros, Teresa, Gómez-Domínguez, Cecilia, González-Aguado, Nelsa, González-García, Sofía, Guisández Martín, Jorge, Hernández-Liebo, Paula Alejandra, Hernando Nieto, Raquel, Llorente-Cortijo, Irene María, Marín-García, Antonio, López-Pirez, Pilar, Mejuto-Illade, Lucía, Palma, Marco, Peña-Hidalgo, Adrian, Platero-Dueñas, Lucía, Pujol-Pocull, David, Ramírez-Verdyguer, Miguel, Redondo-Gutierrez, Marta, Reinoso-Lozano, Francisco, Rodríguez-Revillas, Ana, Rodríguez Saenz de Urturi, Alejandro, Romero-Imaz, Lucía, Sánchez-Rico, Susana, Sánchez-Santiuste, Mónica, Serrano de la Fuente, Patricia, Serrano-Martín, Henar, Silva-Freire, Thamires, Soria-Alcaide, Eva, Suárez-Plaza, Andrés Enrique, Tejero-Soriano, Beatriz, Torrecillas-Mainez, Andrea, Torres-Cortés, Javier, Valentín-Pastrana Aguilar, María de las Mercedes, Villanueva-Freije, Angélica, Virgós-Varela, Marta, Yagüe-Barrado, Marta, Yustas-Benitez, Natalia, Nuñez, María Concepción, Montserrat, Jaime, Queiruga, Javier, Rodriguez-Mariblanca, Amelia, Martínez de Soto, Lucía, Urroz, Mikel, Seco, Enrique, Zubimendi, Mónica, Stuart, Stephan, Díaz, Lucía, García, Irene, García Morales, María Teresa, Martín-Vega, Alberto, Caro, Abel, Martínez-Alés, Gonzalo.
The Lancet Infectious Diseases ; 2021.
Artículo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1096273

RESUMEN

Summary Background The clinical presentation of COVID-19 in patients admitted to hospital is heterogeneous We aimed to determine whether clinical phenotypes of patients with COVID-19 can be derived from clinical data, to assess the reproducibility of these phenotypes and correlation with prognosis, and to derive and validate a simplified probabilistic model for phenotype assignment Phenotype identification was not primarily intended as a predictive tool for mortality Methods In this study, we used data from two cohorts: the COVID-19@Spain cohort, a retrospective cohort including 4035 consecutive adult patients admitted to 127 hospitals in Spain with COVID-19 between Feb 2 and March 17, 2020, and the COVID-19@HULP cohort, including 2226 consecutive adult patients admitted to a teaching hospital in Madrid between Feb 25 and April 19, 2020 The COVID-19@Spain cohort was divided into a derivation cohort, comprising 2667 randomly selected patients, and an internal validation cohort, comprising the remaining 1368 patients The COVID-19@HULP cohort was used as an external validation cohort A probabilistic model for phenotype assignment was derived in the derivation cohort using multinomial logistic regression and validated in the internal validation cohort The model was also applied to the external validation cohort 30-day mortality and other prognostic variables were assessed in the derived phenotypes and in the phenotypes assigned by the probabilistic model Findings Three distinct phenotypes were derived in the derivation cohort (n=2667)—phenotype A (516 [19%] patients), phenotype B (1955 [73%]) and phenotype C (196 [7%])—and reproduced in the internal validation cohort (n=1368)—phenotype A (233 [17%] patients), phenotype B (1019 [74%]), and phenotype C (116 [8%]) Patients with phenotype A were younger, were less frequently male, had mild viral symptoms, and had normal inflammatory parameters Patients with phenotype B included more patients with obesity, lymphocytopenia, and moderately elevated inflammatory parameters Patients with phenotype C included older patients with more comorbidities and even higher inflammatory parameters than phenotype B We developed a simplified probabilistic model (validated in the internal validation cohort) for phenotype assignment, including 16 variables In the derivation cohort, 30-day mortality rates were 2·5% (95% CI 1·4–4·3) for patients with phenotype A, 30·5% (28·5–32·6) for patients with phenotype B, and 60·7% (53·7–67·2) for patients with phenotype C (log-rank test p<0·0001) The predicted phenotypes in the internal validation cohort and external validation cohort showed similar mortality rates to the assigned phenotypes (internal validation cohort: 5·3% [95% CI 3·4–8·1] for phenotype A, 31·3% [28·5–34·2] for phenotype B, and 59·5% [48·8–69·3] for phenotype C;external validation cohort: 3·7% [2·0–6·4] for phenotype A, 23·7% [21·8–25·7] for phenotype B, and 51·4% [41·9–60·7] for phenotype C) Interpretation Patients admitted to hospital with COVID-19 can be classified into three phenotypes that correlate with mortality We developed and validated a simplified tool for the probabilistic assignment of patients into phenotypes These results might help to better classify patients for clinical management, but the pathophysiological mechanisms of the phenotypes must be investigated Funding Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation, and Fundación SEIMC/GeSIDA

2.
Medicina Clínica (English Edition) ; 156(4):196-197, 2021.
Artículo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1085504
3.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 2021 Jan 28.
Artículo en Inglés, Español | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1051839

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence regarding the imaging findings of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in chest X-rays and computed tomography scans; however, their availability during this pandemic outbreak might be compromised. Currently, the role of point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) has yet to be explored. OBJECTIVES: To describe the POCUS findings of COVID-19 in patients with the disease admitted to the emergency department (ED), correlating them with vital signs, laboratory and radiologic results, therapeutic decisions, and the prognosis. METHODS: Prospective study performed in the ED of 2 academic hospitals. Patients with highly suspected or confirmed COVID-19 underwent a lung ultrasonography (lung POCUS), focused cardiac ultrasound (FOCUS), and inferior vena cava (IVC) exam. RESULTS: Between March and April 2020, 96 patients were enrolled. The mean age was 68.2 years (SD 17.5). The most common findings in the lung POCUS were an irregular pleural line (63.2%), bilateral confluence (55.2%), and isolated B-lines (53.1%), which were associated with a positive RT-PCR (odds ratio 4.327; 95% CI 1.216-15.401; p<.001), and correlated with IL-6 levels (rho=0.622; p=.002). The IVC negatively correlated with levels of expiratory pO2 (rho=-0.539; p=.014) and inspiratory pO2 (rho=-0.527; p=0.017), and expiratory diameter positively correlated with troponin I (rho=0.509; p=.03). After the POCUS exam, almost 20% of the patients had an associated condition that required a change in their treatment or management. CONCLUSIONS: POCUS parameters have the potential to impact the diagnosis, management, and prognosis of patients with confirmed or suspected COVID-19.

4.
Enfermedades infecciosas y microbiologia clinica (English ed.) ; 2020.
Artículo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-933034
8.
Med Clin (Engl Ed) ; 155(5): 232, 2020 Sep 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-803149
10.
Ultrasound Med Biol ; 46(11): 2918-2926, 2020 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-640821

RESUMEN

There is growing evidence regarding chest X-ray and computed tomography (CT) findings for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). At present, the role of lung ultrasonography (LUS) has yet to be explored. The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between LUS findings and chest CT in patients confirmed to have (positive reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction [RT-PCR]) or clinically highly suspected of having (dyspnea, fever, myasthenia, gastrointestinal symptoms, dry cough, ageusia or anosmia) COVID-19. This prospective study was carried out in the emergency department, where patients confirmed of having or clinically highly suspected of having COVID-19 were recruited and underwent chest CT and concurrent LUS exam. An experienced emergency department physician performed the LUS exam blind to the clinical history and results of the CT scan, which were reviewed by two radiologists in consensus for signs compatible with COVID-19 (bilateral ground-glass opacities in peripheral distribution). A compatible LUS exam was considered a bilateral pattern of B-lines, irregular pleural line and subpleural consolidations. Between March and April 2020, 51 patients were consecutively enrolled. The indication for CT was a negative or indeterminate RT-PCR test (49.0%) followed by suspicion of pulmonary embolism (41.2%). Radiologic signs compatible with COVID-19 were present in 37 patients (72.5%) on CT scan and 40 patients (78.4%) on LUS exam. The presence of LUS findings was correlated with a positive CT scan suggestive of COVID-19 (odds ratio: 13.3, 95% confidence interval: 4.5-39.6, p < 0.001) with a sensitivity of 100.0%, specificity of 78.6%, positive predictive value of 92.5% and negative predictive value of 100.0%. There was no missed diagnosis of COVID-19 with LUS compared with CT in our cohort. The correlation between LUS score and CT total severity score was good (intraclass correlation coefficient: 0.803, 95% confidence interval: 0.60-0.90, p < 0.001). LUS exhibited similar accuracy compared with chest CT in the detection of lung abnormalities in COVID-19 patients.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/diagnóstico por imagen , Neumonía Viral/diagnóstico por imagen , Tomografía Computarizada por Rayos X/métodos , Ultrasonografía/métodos , Betacoronavirus , Técnicas de Laboratorio Clínico , Infecciones por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/virología , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Estudios Prospectivos , Radiografía Torácica , Reacción en Cadena de la Polimerasa de Transcriptasa Inversa , España
14.
Am J Emerg Med ; 2020 May 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-401455

RESUMEN

Many patients with COVID-19, the clinical illness caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection, exhibit mild symptoms and do not require hospitalization. Instead, these patients are often referred for 14-days of home isolation as symptoms resolve. Lung ultrasound is well-established as an important means of evaluating lung pathology in patients in the emergency department and in intensive care units. Ultrasound is also being used to assess admitted patients with COVID-19. However, data on the progression of sonographic findings in patients with COVID-19 on home isolation is lacking. Here we present a case series of a group of physician patients with COVID-19 who monitored themselves daily while in home isolation using lung point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS). Lung POCUS findings corresponded with symptom onset and resolution in all 3 patients with confirmed COVID-19 during the 14-day isolation period. Lung POCUS may offer a feasible means of monitoring patients with COVID-19 who are on home isolation. Further studies correlating sonographic findings to disease progression and prognosis will be valuable.

17.
Clin Med (Lond) ; 20(4): e62-e65, 2020 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-245760

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a highly contagious illness caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are the most common severe complications. There is growing evidence regarding the imaging findings of COVID-19 in chest X-rays and computed tomography (CT); however, their availability to clinical staff in this pandemic outbreak might be compromised. At this moment, the role of lung ultrasound (LUS) has yet to be explored. The purpose of this case report is to describe the natural course of the disease in mild infection managed at home. CASE REPORT: We report a 35-year-old man with recently diagnosed COVID-19 infection. Clinical examination was unremarkable. The diagnosis of mild disease was made clinically which was later reaffirmed by LUS after identifying a bilateral small pleural effusion and a thickened pleural line. During follow up, subpleural consolidations appeared before symptoms slightly aggravated (cough, tiredness and fever). The patient's condition improved after adjustment of therapy at home. CONCLUSION: LUS is an excellent tool in the characterisation of COVID-19 infection and is more available than CT or X-ray. We emphasise the utility and the opportunity that LUS presents in some clinical scenarios, like this COVID-19 pandemic, and how it may serve as a monitoring and therapy guide.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus , Servicios de Atención de Salud a Domicilio/organización & administración , Pulmón/diagnóstico por imagen , Pandemias , Derrame Pleural , Neumonía Viral , Sistemas de Atención de Punto , Ultrasonografía/métodos , Adulto , Betacoronavirus/aislamiento & purificación , Infecciones por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecciones por Coronavirus/fisiopatología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/terapia , Accesibilidad a los Servicios de Salud , Humanos , Masculino , Monitoreo Fisiológico/métodos , Derrame Pleural/diagnóstico , Derrame Pleural/etiología , Neumonía Viral/diagnóstico , Neumonía Viral/fisiopatología , Neumonía Viral/terapia , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Evaluación de Síntomas/métodos , Resultado del Tratamiento
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