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Gamme d'année
medrxiv; 2021.
Preprint Dans Anglais | medRxiv | ID: ppzbmed-10.1101.2021.12.22.21268195


The emergence of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Omicron variant (B.1.1.529), creates a diagnostic vacuum, since differentiation of Omicron from Delta relies on relatively slow next generation sequencing (NGS) technology delaying epidemiologic understanding and therapeutic intervention. The RUO SARS-CoV-2 Variant Set 1 Test (RSCov2V1) RT-PCR for detection of spike gene N501Y, E484K and del69-70 was designed to differentiate Alpha from Beta and Gamma variants. While Delta lacks these three variants, Omicron has the N501Y and del69-70 mutation. We submitted 88 samples for RSCov2V1 identifying 9 samples with the N501Y and del69-70 mutations while all other samples (79) were negative for all three variants. 9/9 samples with the del69-70 and N501Y were identified by NGS to be Omicron while 47/47 other samples assessed by NGS were confirmed to be Delta family variants. We demonstrate here that an immediately available RT-PCR assay for detection of spike gene N501Y and del69-70 can be utilized to rapidly differentiate Omicron from Delta variants in the proper epidemiologic context

Infections à coronavirus
biorxiv; 2020.
Preprint Dans Anglais | bioRxiv | ID: ppzbmed-10.1101.2020.07.13.198630


COVID-19, caused by the virus SARS-CoV-2, has infected millions worldwide. This pandemic overlaps with the ongoing epidemics of cigarette smoking and electronic cigarette (e-cig) vaping, with over 1 billion smokers and vapers worldwide. However, there is scarce data relating COVID-19 risks and outcome with cigarette or e-cig use. In this study, we mined 3 independent RNA expression datasets from smokers and vapers to understand the potential relationship between vaping/smoking and the dysregulation of key genes and pathways related to COVID-19. We found that smoking, but not vaping, upregulates ACE2, the cellular receptor that SARS-CoV-2 requires for infection. Both smoking and use of nicotine and flavor-containing e-cig led to upregulations of pro-inflammatory cytokine production and expression of genes related to inflammasomes. Vaping flavor-less and nicotine-less e-cig, however, did not lead to significant cytokine dysregulation and inflammasome activation. Release of inflammasome products, such as IL-1B, and cytokine storms are hallmarks of COVID-19 infection, especially in severe cases. Therefore, our findings demonstrated that smoking or vaping, specifically use of flavored or nicotine-containing e-cigs, may critically exacerbate COVID-19-related inflammation or increase susceptibility to the disease. Further scientific and public health investigations should be undertaken to address these concerning links between COVID-19 and e-cig/smoking.

Inflammation , Troubles chronobiologiques , COVID-19
Détails de la recherche