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1.
Heart & Lung ; 58:210-216, 2023.
Article Dans Anglais | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2165352

Résumé

Background The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) may cause vascular (e.g., endothelial dysfunction, and arterial stiffness), cardiac, autonomic (e.g., heart rate variability [HRV]), and systemic inflammatory response via direct viral attack, hypoxia-induced injury, or immunological dysregulation, especially in those patients with pre-existing cardiovascular diseases (CVD). However, to date, no study has shown prevalence of endothelial dysfunction, arterial stiffness and heart rate variability assessed by bedside peripheral arterial tonometry in patients with previous CVD hospitalized in the acute phase of COVID-19. Objective This study aimed to assess the prevalence of endothelial dysfunction, arterial stiffness, and altered HRV in patients with CVD hospitalized due to COVID-19. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted from July 2020 to February 2021. Included male and female adult patients aged 40 to 60 years with previous CVD and diagnosed with COVID-19. Anthropometric data, comorbidities, and blood tests were analyzed. Endothelial function, arterial stiffness, and HRV were assessed using peripheral arterial tonometry (PAT), and the statistical significance was set at 5%. Results Fourteen (51.8%) patients presented endothelial dysfunction (reactive hyperemia index = 1.2 ± 0.3) and enhancement in the high-frequency component of HRV (p < 0.05). There was a high prevalence of endothelial dysfunction, especially in patients with chronic heart failure (10 (71.4%)). Patients with preserved endothelial function showed a high augmentation index normalized to a heart rate of 75 bpm (p < 0.01), suggesting arterial stiffness. Conclusion Patients with CVD hospitalized due to COVID-19 presented endothelial dysfunction assessed using PAT, which could be used as a biomarker for arterial stiffness and altered HRV. The possibility of detecting vascular and autonomic changes during phase II of COVID-19 may help to prevent possible long-term complications.

7.
Biomedica ; 42(Sp. 2): 48-58, 2022 10 31.
Article Dans Anglais, Espagnol | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2155751

Résumé

Introducción. El síndrome respiratorio agudo grave causado por el nuevo coronavirus SARSCoV-2 es causa de la emergencia sanitaria por la pandemia de COVID-19. Si bien el humano es el el principal huésped vulnerable, en estudios experimentales y reportes de infección natural, se han encontrado casos de zoonosis inversa de SARS-CoV-2 en animales. OBJETIVO: Evaluar la infección natural por SARS-CoV-2 en gatos y perros de propietarios con diagnóstico de COVID-19 en el Valle de Aburrá, Antioquia, Colombia. Materiales y métodos. La circulación del SARS-CoV-2 se evaluó por RT-qPCR y RT-PCR en muestras de frotis nasofaríngeos y orofaríngeos de gatos y perros cuyos propietarios se encontraban dentro del periodo de los 14 días de aislamiento. Los casos positivos se verificaron amplificando fragmentos de los genes RdRp, N y E; se secuenció el gen RdRp y se analizó filogenéticamente. RESULTADOS: De 80 animales evaluados, seis gatos y tres perros fueron casos confirmados de infección natural por SARS-CoV-2. Los animales no presentaron signos clínicos y sus propietarios, que padecían la infección, reportaron únicamente signos leves de la enfermedad sin complicaciones clínicas. En el análisis de una de las secuencias, se encontró un polimorfismo de un solo nucleótido (SNP) con un cambio en la posición 647, con sustitución del aminoácido serina (S) por una isoleucina (I). Los casos se presentaron en los municipios de Caldas, Medellín y Envigado. CONCLUSIONES: Se infiere que la infección natural en los gatos y perros se asocia al contacto directo con un paciente con COVID-19. No obstante, no es posible determinar la virulencia del virus en este huésped, ni su capacidad de transmisión  zoonótica o entre especie.


Introducción. El síndrome respiratorio agudo grave causado por el nuevo coronavirus SARSCoV-2 es causa de la emergencia sanitaria por la pandemia de COVID-19. Si bien el humano es el el principal huésped vulnerable, en estudios experimentales y reportes de infección natural, se han encontrado casos de zoonosis inversa de SARS-CoV-2 en animales. Objetivo. Evaluar la infección natural por SARS-CoV-2 en gatos y perros de propietarios con diagnóstico de COVID-19 en el Valle de Aburrá, Antioquia, Colombia. Materiales y métodos. La circulación del SARS-CoV-2 se evaluó por RT-qPCR y RT-PCR en muestras de frotis nasofaríngeos y orofaríngeos de gatos y perros cuyos propietarios se encontraban dentro del periodo de los 14 días de aislamiento. Los casos positivos se verificaron amplificando fragmentos de los genes RdRp, N y E; se secuenció el gen RdRp y se analizó filogenéticamente. Resultados. De 80 animales evaluados, seis gatos y tres perros fueron casos confirmados de infección natural por SARS-CoV-2. Los animales no presentaron signos clínicos y sus propietarios, que padecían la infección, reportaron únicamente signos leves de la enfermedad sin complicaciones clínicas. En el análisis de una de las secuencias, se encontró un polimorfismo de un solo nucleótido (SNP) con un cambio en la posición 647, con sustitución del aminoácido serina (S) por una isoleucina (I). Los casos se presentaron en los municipios de Caldas, Medellín y Envigado. Conclusiones. Se infiere que la infección natural en los gatos y perros se asocia al contacto directo con un paciente con COVID-19. No obstante, no es posible determinar la virulencia del virus en este huésped, ni su capacidad de transmisión zoonótica o entre especie.


Sujets)
, SARS-CoV-2 , Humains , RNA replicase , Colombie/épidémiologie , Études rétrospectives
8.
International Journal of Africa Nursing Sciences ; 18:100518, 2023.
Article Dans Anglais | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2158942

Résumé

Introduction The treatment of COVID-19 is still challenge. So convalescent plasma can be an important alternative of treatment. Protocols with nursing care during infusion is very important to guide an effective and safety care Objective to analyze the evidence in the literature on the action of convalescent plasma, of the use of protocols with nursing care to use convalescent plasma and build a nursing care protocol for transfusion in patients with COVID-19. Methods Methodological study carried out in two stages: scoping review. The search was done using the descriptors: convalescent plasma transfusion, convalescent plasma, and acute respiratory syndromes or COVID-19, to found protocols and effectiveness of convalescent plasm. Beside was done a specialist panel to build the protocol. Results Low-evidence studies have shown improvement in the clinical signs of COVID-19 using Convalescent Plasma, reduction or elimination of viral load, benefits in the production of lymphocytes, decreases C-reactive protein, increases titers of anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies, positive evolution in lung involvement identified by X-rays, decrease in hospitalization. No studies were found in the databases on the protocol for clinical nursing care in plasma transfusion. Therefore, a protocol was developed with the description of clinical nursing care to be performed before, during and after the transfusion by plasma: checking of vital signs and indicative signs of transfusion reaction, measurement of oxygen saturation, assessment of venous access and checking of the level of consciousness. Conclusion There are no evidence studies to support the use of plasma, nor anything related to bundles.

9.
The Journal of the Hiroshima Medical Association ; 75(10):423-428, 2022.
Article Dans Japonais | Ichushi | ID: covidwho-2156965
10.
Eurasian Journal of Pulmonology ; 24(1):40-46, 2022.
Article Dans Anglais | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2155867

Résumé

BACKGROUND AND AIM: This study aimed to investigate the association of the chest computed tomography severity score (CT-SS) with mortality in patients who were admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia. METHODS: In this single-center retrospective observational study, we reviewed the radiological and medical records of 45 patients with confirmed COVID-19, requiring ICU admission during a 4 month period. The chest CT-SS was used to evaluate the severity of lung involvement. RESULTS: Forty-five patients who admitted to the ICU with COVID-19 and had undergone chest CT scans on admission were enrolled. There wasn't a significant difference in total CT-SS neither between patients who died and those who survived [median (interquartile range) 22 (11-30) vs 16 (9-18), p=0.20] nor between patients who underwent invasive mechanical ventilation and those who did not [median (interquartile range) 22 (12-30) vs 15 (8-17), p=0.17]. The median of CT-SS was 17 (2-39) (n=23 vs n=22). The area under the curve for estimation of mortality according to CT-SS was 0.611 at a 95% CI of 0.434-0.788 (p=0.20). CONCLUSIONS: The total CT-SS, obtained from the chest CT on admission to the ICU, was not associated with an increased risk of mortality in patients admitted to ICU with COVID-19 pneumonia.

11.
Atención Primaria ; : 102552, 2022.
Article Dans Espagnol | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2149328

Résumé

Resumen Objetivo: Evaluar el efecto del confinamiento por COVID-19 sobre la prescripción de benzodiacepinas según edad, sexo y zona básica de salud. Diseño: Estudio observacional longitudinal. Emplazamiento: Atención primaria. Área V de Salud del Principado de Asturias. Participantes: Mayores de 15 años a los que se prescribieron benzodiacepinas entre 2017 y 2020. Mediciones principales: Diferencia de las medias de DHD (dosis diaria definida por 1.000 habitantes) mensual de benzodiacepinas entre el periodo definido como preconfinamiento y el confinamiento. Además, se ajusta la diferencia por edad, sexo y zona básica de salud, así como por la interacción entre ellas. Resultados: La DHD media preconfinamiento fue 131,3 y 139,5 durante el confinamiento;en el análisis crudo, esta diferencia fue estadísticamente significativa [IC 95% 4,1 a 12,1]. Se objetivó un aumento de DHD media en el grupo de 60-74 años [IC 95% 2,28 a 21,42] y en el de 90 años ó más [IC 95%. 21,31 a 40,63], así como en las mujeres [IC 95% 3,51 a 14,59]. Finalmente, se observó una disminución de DHD media en las zonas básicas V11 [IC 95% -29 a -0,66] y V14 [IC 95% -54,28 a -25,04]. Conclusiones: Determinados subgrupos muestran un cambio en la tendencia de dispensación de benzodiacepinas sin poder atribuirse completamente al confinamiento. Creemos que pueda existir una inercia terapéutica en la prescripción de psicofármacos, según las características biopsicosociales del paciente, que es importante detectar para evitar la medicalización de cuadros psicológicos. Objective: To evaluate the effect of COVID-19 lockdown on the prescription of benzodiazepines by gender, age and district health departments. Design: Longitudinal observational study. Location: Primary care. Asturias (Spain) health district V. Participants: People over 15 years of age with filled benzodiazepine prescriptions in between 2017 and 2020. Main measurements: Benzodiazepine DHD (defined daily dose per 1000 habitants) mean difference between the period defined as pre-lockdown and lockdown. Additionally, the difference was adjusted for gender, sex and district health deparment and also with the interaction among them. Results: DHD mean pre-lockdown was 131.3 and 139.5 in the lockdown;this difference was significant in the global analysis [IC 95% 4.1 a 12.1]. There was an increase in the DHD mean in the 60-74 age group [IC 95% 2.28 a 21.42], in the group over 90 years old [IC 95%. 21.31 a 40.63] and in women [IC 95% 3.51 a 14.59]. Finally, a decrease in the DHD mean of V11 [IC 95% -29 a -0.66] and V14 [IC 95% -54.28 a -25.04] district health departments was observed. Conclusions: Certain subgroups show a change in the pattern of benzodiazepine prescription without being able to relate this to the lockdown. We believe that there could be some inertia in the prescription of psychiatric medication according to the biopsychosocial characteristics of the patients;it is important to detect this in order to avoid the medicalization of psychological disorders.

12.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 20: eRW0045, 2022. tab, graf
Article Dans Anglais | WHO COVID, LILAS (Amériques) | ID: covidwho-2156145

Résumé

ABSTRACT Objective We performed a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis on the efficacy and safety of hydroxychloroquine to treat COVID-19 patients. Methods We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, EMBASE, and LILACS (January 2019 to March 2021) for patients aged 18 years or older, who had COVID-19 and were treated with hydroxychloroquine versus placebo or standard of care. We also searched the WHO Clinical Trials Registry for ongoing and recently completed studies, and the reference lists of selected articles and reviews for possible relevant studies, with no restrictions regarding language or publication status. Random-effects models were used to obtain pooled mean differences of treatment effect on mortality, and serious adverse effects between hydroxychloroquine and the Control Group (standard of care or placebo); heterogeneity was assessed using the I2 and the Cochran´s Q statistic. Results Nine studies met the inclusion criteria and were included in the meta-analysis. There was no significant difference in mortality rate between patients treated with hydroxychloroquine compared to standard of care or placebo (16.7% versus 18.5%; pooled risk ratio 1.09; 95% confidence interval: 0.99-1.19). Also, the rate of serious adverse effects was similar between both Groups, Hydroxychloroquine and Control (3.7% versus 2.9%; pooled risk ratio 1.22; 95% confidence interval: 0.76-1.96). Conclusion Hydroxychloroquine is not efficacious in reducing mortality of COVID-19 patients. Prospero database registration (www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero) under number CRD42020197070.

13.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 20: eAE0163, 2022. tab, graf
Article Dans Anglais | WHO COVID, LILAS (Amériques) | ID: covidwho-2156144

Résumé

ABSTRACT Objective Adhesive capsulitis is an inflammatory disease of the joint capsule, clinically manifested as pain, stiffness, and dysfunction of the shoulder. We subjectively observed an increased incidence of adhesive capsulitis, and raised the hypothesis that adhesive capsulitis was more frequent in magnetic resonance imaging examinations performed during the COVID-19 pandemic as compared with examinations prior to this period. Methods Data from medical records and magnetic resonance imaging of the shoulder presenting typical imaging findings of adhesive capsulitis, performed in our organization from March to June 2020, were evaluated and compared with data and imaging from the same period of the previous year. To this end, an organizational business intelligence tool called "search reports" was used, searching for the term "adhesive capsulitis" in the radiological report, results were tabulated, and corresponding magnetic resonance imaging exams were analyzed. Results Our search found a total of 240 and 1,373 cases of adhesive capsulitis in the 2020 and 2019 periods, respectively. The mean age of patients was 53.9 years in the 2020 group and 49.9 years in 2019 (p<0.001). Magnetic resonance imaging findings were positive for adhesive capsulitis in 40 out of 240 shoulders (16.7%) in the 2020 group versus 127 out of 1,373 shoulders (9.2%) in the 2019 group. This difference was statistically significant (p=0.001). Conclusion Our study findings suggest a relative increase in the proportion of magnetic resonance imaging findings suggestive of adhesive capsulitis cases during COVID-19 pandemics based on data from our organization.

14.
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 43: e20200405, 2022.
Article Dans Anglais | WHO COVID, LILAS (Amériques) | ID: covidwho-2154421

Résumé

ABSTRACT Objectives: Understand the perception during the care work of nursing professionals who work in inpatient units in the care of patients with a confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 and describe the experience and challenges of their work in this area of work. Method: Exploratory, descriptive, qualitative study. The interviews were individual, carried out in person. Socio demographic data were previously collected through a self-applied questionnaire. Results: The sample consisted of 25nursing professionals, 84% nurses and16% nursing technicians. From the analysis of the content of the participants' speeches, six thematic categories were constructed:Uncertainty and fear of anything new and of the unknown; Personal and social challenges working with COVID-19; The relevance of human and material resources, linked to permanent in-service education for coping; Ambiguity of feelings of the participants in the face of expressions of support or prejudice on the part of the community; Reactions of health professionals to non-compliance with the recommendation of social distancing by the population; Insufficient professional training to face the pandemic. Conclusion: The experiences and challenges that emerged in this research unfold in different ways, such as fear of the unknown, social and personal challenges to be overcome, as well as the impact of social behavior on the lives of nursing professionals and even the issue of training and professional preparation to face the pandemic.


RESUMEN Objetivos: Comprender la percepción durante el trabajo de cuidado de los profesionales de enfermería que actúan en unidades de hospitalización en el cuidado de pacientes con diagnóstico confirmado de COVID-19 y describir la experiencia y los desafíos de su actuación en esta área de trabajo. Método: Estudio exploratorio, descriptivo, cualitativo.Las entrevistas fueron individuales, realizadas en persona. Los datos sociodemográficos se recogieron previamente a través de un cuestionario autoadministrado. Resultados: La muestra estuvo conformada por 25 profesionales de la enfermaría, 84% enfermeiras e16% técnicos de enfermeira. A partir del análisis del contenido de los discursos de los participantes, se construyeron seis categorías temáticas:Incertidumbre y miedo a lo nuevo y lo desconocido; Desafíos personales y sociales trabajando con COVID-19; La relevancia de los recursos humanos y materiales, vinculados a la educación en servicio permanente para el afrontamiento; Duda de sentimientos de los participantes ante expresiones de apoyo o prejuicio por parte de la comunidad; Reacciones de los profesionales de la salud ante el incumplimiento de la recomendación de distanciamiento social por parte de la población; Insuficiente formación profesional para enfrentar la pandemia. Conclusión: Las experiencias y desafíos que surgieron en esta investigación se despliegan de diferentes formas, como el miedo a lo desconocido, los desafíos sociales y personales a superar, así como el impacto del comportamiento social en la vida de los profesionales de enfermería e incluso la cuestión de la formación y preparación profesional para enfrentar la pandemia.


RESUMO Objetivos: Compreender a percepção durante a atuação assistencial dos profissionais de enfermagem que trabalham em unidades de internação no atendimento de pacientes com diagnóstico confirmado de COVID-19 e descrever a experiência e os desafios do trabalho destes nesta área de atuação. Método: Estudo exploratório descritivo, do tipo qualitativo. As entrevistas foram individuais, realizadas de forma presencial. Os dados sociodemográficos foram coletados previamente por meio de um questionário autoaplicável. Resultados: A amostra foi composta por 25 profissionais da área da saúde sendo 84% enfermeiros e 16% técnicos de enfermagem. A partir da análise do conteúdo das falas dos participantes foram construídas seis categorias temáticas: A incerteza e o medo do novo e do desconhecido; Desafios pessoais e sociais atuando junto ao COVID-19; A relevância dos recursos humanos e materiais, atrelados à educação permanente em serviço para o enfrentamento; Dubiedade de sentimentos dos participantes frente a manifestações de apoio ou de preconceito por parte da coletividade; Reações dos profissionais de saúde à inobservância da recomendação de distanciamento social por parte da população; Insuficiência na formação profissional para o enfrentamento da pandemia. Conclusão: As vivências e desafios emergidos nessa pesquisa desdobram em distintas formas como medo do desconhecido, desafios sociais e pessoais a serem superados assim como o impacto do comportamento social na vida dos profissionais de enfermagem e, a questão da formação e preparo profissional para enfrentamento da pandemia.

15.
Revista Medica del IMSS ; 60(6):632-639, 2022.
Article Dans Espagnol | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2124549

Résumé

Background: Aggregate bacterial pneumonia plays a fundamental role in mortality of patients hospitalized with COVID-19. Objective: To estimate the association of aggregated bacterial pneumonia with mortality in patients at Hospital Especialidades "La Raza". Material and methods: Analytical cross-sectional study, 252 COVID-19 patients, chest x-ray and culture of bronchial secretion or expectoration. Data taken from the SIOC electronic file and the IZASAlab platform. Results: 252 participants, positive culture, 89 patients, 35.3%, isolation of K. pneumoniae (22.5%), A. baumannii (20.2%), P. aeruginosa (13.5%) and S. aureus (11.2%), antimicrobial resistance 37.1%. 43.7% died, lung damage greater than 50% RMa 2.25 (95% CI 1.01-5.11) p = 0.04 against minor lung damage;microorganism in culture RMa 9.04 (95% CI 3.06-26.74) p = 0.000;antimicrobial resistance RMa 7.57 (95% CI 1.34-42.79) p = 0.02;S. aureus RMa 1.24 (95% CI 0.36-4.23) p = 0.73;A. baumannii RMa 3.74 (95% CI 1.41-9.91) p = 0.008;K. pneumoniae RMa 4.12 (95% CI 1.55-10.97) p = 0.005;and P. aeruginosa RMa 6.89 (95% CI 1.62-17.61) p = 0.01. Uncontrolled Diabetes RMa 1.61 (IC95% 1.1-2.9) p = 0.018. Conclusions: The development of added bacterial pneumonia increases the probability of death 2 times more, it amounts to 6 times more if there is antimicrobial resistance, it is observed to a greater extent for A. baumannii, K. pneumoniae and P. aeruginosa. (English) [ FROM AUTHOR]

16.
Front Physiol ; 13: 977519, 2022.
Article Dans Anglais | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2142225

Résumé

Hypoxic exposure is safely associated with exercise for many pathological conditions, providing additional effects on health outcomes. COVID-19 is a new disease, so the physiological repercussions caused by exercise in affected patients and the safety of exposure to hypoxia in these conditions are still unknown. Due to the effects of the disease on the respiratory system and following the sequence of AEROBICOVID research work, this study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness, tolerance and acute safety of 24 bicycle training sessions performed under intermittent hypoxic conditions through analysis of peripheral oxyhemoglobin saturation (SpO2), heart rate (HR), rate of perceived exertion (RPE), blood lactate concentration ([La-]) and symptoms of acute mountain sickness in patients recovered from COVID-19. Participants were allocated to three training groups: the normoxia group (GN) remained in normoxia (inspired fraction of O2 (FiO2) of ∼20.9%, a city with 526 m altitude) for the entire session; the recovery hypoxia group (GHR) was exposed to hypoxia (FiO2 ∼13.5%, corresponding to 3,000 m altitude) all the time except during the effort; the hypoxia group (GH) trained in hypoxia (FiO2 ∼13.5%) throughout the session. The altitude simulation effectively reduced SpO2 mean with significant differences between groups GN, GHR, and GH, being 96.9(1.6), 95.1(3.1), and 87.7(6.5), respectively. Additionally, the proposed exercise and hypoxic stimulus was well-tolerated, since 93% of participants showed no or moderate acute mountain sickness symptoms; maintained nearly 80% of sets at target heart rate; and most frequently reporting session intensity as an RPE of "3" (moderate). The internal load calculation, analyzed through training impulse (TRIMP), calculated using HR [TRIMPHR = HR * training volume (min)] and RPE [TRIMPRPE = RPE * training volume (min)], showed no significant difference between groups. The current strategy effectively promoted the altitude simulation and monitoring variables, being well-tolerated and safely acute exposure, as the low Lake Louise scores and the stable HR, SpO2, and RPE values showed during the sessions.

17.
Colomb Med (Cali) ; 53(1): e2065115, 2022.
Article Dans Anglais | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2146197

Résumé

Aim: We analyze the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on oncology service demand in a middle-income country with universal health coverage. Methods: We collected data from January 1st-2017 to December 31th-2021 at a reference center in Bogotá-Colombia regarding first-time consultations of cross-cutting services (clinical oncology, hematology, palliative care, radiation oncology); specialized multidisciplinary units (breast, prostate, lung, stomach); inpatient and outpatient systemic therapy; radiotherapy; oncology surgery; and bone marrow transplant. A descriptive time series analysis was performed, estimating monthly percent change and endemic channels. Results: Starting the confinement (April 2020), a general decrease in service demand was observed (R: -14.9% to -90.0%), with an additional but lower decrease in August 2020 coinciding with the first pandemic wave (R: -11.3% to -70.0%). Follow-up visits and ambulatory treatment showed no consistent reductions. New patients' consultations for cross-cutting services had a speedy recovery (1 month), but clinical oncology, specialized units, and in-hospital treatment resumed more slowly. Only breast and stomach cancer showed a sustained reduction in early-stage disease. Women and older patients had a more significant reductionin service demand. Conclusion: Despite no changes in service supply, the confinement induced a significant reduction in service demand. Variations by cancer type, service type, and population demographics deserve careful consideration for a suitable response to the emergency. The speedy recovery and the absence of a significant decrease during subsequent waves of the pandemic suggest patient resiliency and a lower impact than expected in middle-income settings in the presence of universal health insurance.


Objetivo: Analizar el impacto de la pandemia de COVID-19 sobre la demanda de servicios oncológicos. Metodos: Se recolectaron datos de enero 1/2017 hasta diciembre 31/2021 de consulta de primera vez en servicios transversales (oncología clinica, hematología, cuidados paliativos, oncología radioterápica) y servicios especializados multidisciplinarios (mama, próstata, pulmón, estómago), así como de suministro de tratamiento (terapia sistémica ambulatoria y hospitalaria, radioterapia, cirugía oncológica, trasplante de médula ósea), en un centro de referencia en Bogotá-Colombia. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo de series de tiempo estimando el cambio porcentual mensual y los canales endémicos. Resultados: Al inicio del confinamiento obligatorio (abril/2020) hubo una disminución general en la demanda de servicios transversales (R: -14.9% a -90.0%), con nuevo descenso de menor grado en agosto/2020 durante la primera ola de infecciones (R: -11.3% a -70.0%). Las consultas de seguimiento y tratamientos ambulatorios no mostraron reducciones consistentes. Exceptuando oncología clínica, las consultas de primera vez para servicios transversales tuvieron rápida recuperación hasta cifras basales (1 mes), pero las unidades especializadas y los tratamientos intrahospitalarios tuvieron recuperación mas lenta. Únicamente los cánceres de mama y estómago mostraron una reduccion sostenida de estadios tempranos de la enfermedad. La reducción de la demanda fue mas marcada en mujeres y adultos mayores. Conclusión: A pesar de no tener cambios en la oferta, el confinamiento indujo una reducción significativa en la demanda de servicios oncológicos con variación diferencial por tipo de cáncer, servicio y características demográficas de la población. Esto merece consideración especial para generar respuestas adecuadas a las emergencias sanitarias. La rápida recuperación de la demanda y la ausencia de caídas en olas de infección subsiguientes sugieren resiliencia de los pacientes e impacto menor del esperado en países con cobertura de salud universal.


Sujets)
, Tumeurs , Mâle , Humains , Femelle , Couverture maladie universelle , /épidémiologie , Pandémies , Soins palliatifs , Tumeurs/épidémiologie , Tumeurs/thérapie
18.
Biomedica ; 42(Sp. 2): 14-18, 2022 10 31.
Article Dans Anglais, Espagnol | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2145056

Résumé

Durante dos años y medio, tanto en Colombia como en el resto del mundo, hemos enfrentado la pandemia generada por el SARS-CoV-2, agudizando los múltiples problemas de salud pública que venían cursando a manera de sindemias. Tal es el caso de las enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles asociadas, entre otros factores, a los malos hábitos alimenticios, especialmente por el gran consumo de alimentos ultraprocesados y bebidas azucaradas. En julio del 2021, se aprobó la Ley 2120, por medio de la cual se adoptaron medidas para fomentar entornos alimentarios saludables. Entre estas medidas, también se promueve que los alimentos empacados, procesados y que afectan negativamente la salud humana, tengan un sello que identifique sus componentes y valor nutricional para informar a los consumidores sobre el producto que están comprando o consumiendo. Entre las enfermedades más prevalentes en Colombia que afectan la salud bucal, se encuentran las caries y las periodontitis, ambas con factores de riesgo comunes con las enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles. Dados sus costos y prevalencia, dichas enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles resultan primordiales desde un enfoque de gestión del riesgo en salud pública, siendo, quizá, su gravedad mayor durante la pandemia generada por el SARS CoV-2. Asimismo, se especula que la población confinada pudo llegar a consumir más comida chatarra durante la pandemia del COVID-19 en comparación con otros períodos, además, porque en aquellos con enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles, el confinamiento obligado se asocia con mayor sedentarismo y con un menor número de controles médicos regulares, asuntos que se han reportado previamente. La promulgación de la ley de comida chatarra no va a cambiar los hábitos de alimentación de los colombianos "de la noche a la mañana" y, por esto, se necesita con urgencia implementar procesos de educación y sensibilización frente a los efectos adversos de los alimentos procesados y ultraprocesados en la salud.


Durante dos años y medio, tanto en Colombia como en el resto del mundo, hemos enfrentado la pandemia generada por el SARS-CoV-2, agudizando los múltiples problemas de salud pública que venían cursando a manera de sindemias. Tal es el caso de las enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles asociadas, entre otros factores, a los malos hábitos alimenticios, especialmente por el gran consumo de alimentos ultraprocesados y bebidas azucaradas. En julio del 2021, se aprobó la Ley 2120, por medio de la cual se adoptaron medidas para fomentar entornos alimentarios saludables. Entre estas medidas, también se promueve que los alimentos empacados, procesados y que afectan negativamente la salud humana, tengan un sello que identifique sus componentes y valor nutricional para informar a los consumidores sobre el producto que están comprando o consumiendo. Entre las enfermedades más prevalentes en Colombia que afectan la salud bucal, se encuentran las caries y las periodontitis, ambas con factores de riesgo comunes con las enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles. Dados sus costos y prevalencia, dichas enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles resultan primordiales desde un enfoque de gestión del riesgo en salud pública, siendo, quizá, su gravedad mayor durante la pandemia generada por el SARS CoV-2. Asimismo, se especula que la población confinada pudo llegar a consumir más comida chatarra durante la pandemia del COVID-19 en comparación con otros períodos, además, porque en aquellos con enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles, el confinamiento obligado se asocia con mayor sedentarismo y con un menor número de controles médicos regulares, asuntos que se han reportado previamente. La promulgación de la ley de comida chatarra no va a cambiar los hábitos de alimentación de los colombianos "de la noche a la mañana" y, por esto, se necesita con urgencia implementar procesos de educación y sensibilización frente a los efectos adversos de los alimentos procesados y ultraprocesados en la salud.


Sujets)
, Humains , Colombie/épidémiologie , SARS-CoV-2 , Études rétrospectives
19.
Revista De Salud Publica-Cordoba ; 27(1):8-21, 2022.
Article Dans Anglais | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2146339

Résumé

Objective: to analyze the knowledge, hand hygiene practice and other hygiene health measures used by people, at the beginning of and a year after COVID-19 pandemic in Argentina. Material and methods: descriptive, observational and cross sectional study. An online survey was carried out of adult population, during two periods: May 2020 and May 2021. Results: 2507 surveys were analyzed. Only 24.7% (first period) and 23.8% (second pe- riod), kept to the time suggested for effective hand washing. In both periods, more than 50% respondents sometimes/never wash their hands after blowing their noses, touching objects or their faces. There is an association between correct hand washing and age and correct hand washing and being or not a member of the health team, in both periods. Conclusion: people do wash their hands;however, they do not respect recommended time and frequency.

20.
Revista de Salud Publica ; 24(4), 2022.
Article Dans Espagnol | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2145590

Résumé

Objective To know, in the context of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, the psychosocial and socioeconomic vulnerabilities experienced by the international migrant population in Chile, as well as the resources and social capital reported from the community itself and its support networks, and to analyze the reception and implementation of the measures recommended by the health authorities in the different stages of the pandemic in the country. Methods Descriptive qualitative study. The information was collected through 40 semi-structured individual interviews with migrants (N=30) and key informants (N=10), carried out through online communication platforms during 2020. A thematic analysis of the material was carried out. The project was approved by the Scientific Ethics Committee of the Faculty of Medicine of the Universidad del Desarrollo. Results The main vulnerabilities experienced by migrants in the context of the pandemic include overcrowding, job insecurity and economic needs, use of public transport, misinformation and beliefs about COVID-19, experiences of discrimination and xenophobia, lack of support networks, and migratory status. The main resources are support networks, the possibility of working remotely or going out to work, access to information, access to the assistance and municipal network, and government support and civil society. In addition, experiences of diagnosis of COVID-19 are reported, identifying difficulties in accessing PCR testing, and family and work adaptations such as changes in lifestyle habits inside and outside the home. Discussion The study provides relevant and unpublished information for the construction of health policies for international migrants with a focus on sanitary crises. It highlights the need to strengthen cross-cultural strategies for the prevention of infection and health promotion, and to improve access to health in the context of the pandemic and beyond, thereby mitigating the social vulnerability experienced by migrants and enhancing their coping resources. © 2022, Universidad Nacional de Colombia. All rights reserved.

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