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1.
Indian Journal of Community Health ; 32(4):620-623, 2020.
Artículo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1112989

RESUMEN

Emergence of novel coronavirus has resulted in global chaos within days of its first detection in Wuhan, China To curb the spread of Covid-19, stringent actions like lockdown and social distancing were imposed comprehensively around the World, training Institutes in India and globally, were widely affected by these restrictions Henceforth, giving rise to an immediate need to extemporize modules to be adjusted to disseminate knowledge through e– learning platforms This observation is an experience document to share the challenges and usefulness of shifting towards e-learning encountered by The National Cold Chain and Vaccine Management Resource Centre (NCCVMRC), Delhi This piece additionally discusses the practices that could assist academic institutions in dealing with limitations associated with moving toward e-learning © 2020, Indian Association of Preventive and Social Medicine All rights reserved

2.
Journal of Sustainability Science and Management ; 16(1):70-96, 2021.
Artículo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1112988

RESUMEN

The COVID-19 global pandemic has caused massive disruptions in many sectors of society including higher education Although the mainstream news outlets and social media have discussed how Malaysia’s higher education system coped with the disruptions caused by COVID-19, a fuller narrative needs to be properly documented This qualitative narrative review involved an analysis of various types of publications including scholarly articles, world organizations’ reports, university documents as well as commentaries and reports from mainstream news outlets and social media that directly focus on the topic It is evident from the review that Malaysian HEIs’ priority was in safeguarding student and staff welfare in terms of their health and safety While providing emergency aid to students and support for institutions, the Ministry of Higher Education together with HEIs developed administrative measures to safeguard the delivery of programmes through remote online learning The analysis confirmed that while online learning is considered appropriate during an emergency period, the digital divide clearly still exists, posing the greatest challenge to Malaysia’s recovery post COVID-19 The critical review on the immediate impacts of the pandemic on teaching and learning point to key recommendations for leadership, student welfare, and the importance of flexible education and evidence-based policymaking © Penerbit UMT

3.
Journal of Sustainability Science and Management ; 16(1):46-54, 2021.
Artículo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1112987

RESUMEN

The COVID-19 pandemic is due to SARS-CoV-2 and is spreading into 215 countries in the world The COVID-19 is a zoonotic disease, and human to human transmission is possible via direct and indirect contact with infected individuals and contaminated surfaces Recently, captive species of wild cats were tested positive for the COVID-19, and this is evidence of possible transmission of SARS-CoV-2 from human to animal, i e , zooanthroponosis In particular, the zoos should reduce the risk of introducing SARS-CoV-2 to the captive animals from the tourists or their workers The risks can be reduced by implementing the preventive measure responses following the emergence of zoonotic disease In this commentary article, we provide the existing disease control measures and have proposed several other preventive measures for the management of zooanthroponosis in various zoos located in Peninsular Malaysia © 2021, Penerbit UMT All Rights Reserved

4.
Journal of Sustainability Science and Management ; 16(1):38-45, 2021.
Artículo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1112986

RESUMEN

Coronavirus (COVID-19) has become a pandemic worldwide The number of deaths is increasing without a vaccine to stop its spread and has threatened Malaysia’s national security With the increased number of human fatalities due to COVID-19, cremation may be the final solution to prevent the spread from dead bodies as the virus remains on the body after death However, religion has different perspectives in dealing with the cremation of the dead body Malaysia is a Muslim majority country but its citizens also consisted of Christians, Hindus, Buddhists, and others This study will look at the acceptance of Malaysians on the issue of cremating dead bodies during disasters A qualitative approach was used with respondents answering questionnaires Analysis of legislation related to disaster management of human corpses was also conducted Results show that the majority of the respondents disagreed with the cremation of the dead body because of their religion and they believe that there must be a better alternative to deal with the dead body infected by COVID-19 © Penerbit UMT

5.
Journal of Sustainability Science and Management ; 16(1):29-37, 2021.
Artículo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1112985

RESUMEN

The spreading of novel SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus (COVID-19) had infected 41,570,883 people worldwide, with infection cases in Malaysia reaching 24,514 cases on 23rd October 2020 COVID-19 has been associated with severe lower respiratory tract infections, acute respiratory distress syndrome, and death In response to this global emergency situation, clinical research and interventions in treating COVID-19 are emerging at an unprecedented rate Currently, there are two types of test that were used to detect the presence of COVID-19: antigen-based and antibody-based detection tests, each with specific advantages and disadvantages which is the focus of this article In addition, issue on whether rapid mass screening is better compared to the targeted screening to halt COVID-19 infection is also discussed We conclude that antigen-based detection kit using Real Time Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) has high specificity and sensitivity compared to other methods In a country with lack resources, manpower and facilities, targeted screening can be opted as this method is equally effective to contain COVID-19 spreading when compared with rapid mass screening © 2020, Journal of Sustainability Science and Management All rights reserved

6.
Journal of Sustainability Science and Management ; 16(1):22-28, 2021.
Artículo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1112984

RESUMEN

A signifcant concern of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is the dramatic decrease in the number of blood donation drives across Malaysia The pandemic is putting a strain on the blood inventory and supply, especially to transfusion-dependent patients;i e , thalassemia major, sickle cell disease and cancer patients This is a retrospective cross-sectional study carried out at the Transfusion Medicine Unit, Hospital USM from December 2019 to April 2020 Data on blood donation and blood component usage were collected and tabulated three months (18th December 2019 to 17th March 2020) before movement control order (MCO) and during the frst phase of MCO (18th March to 17th April 2020) Whole blood units that were donated via mobile drives were predominantly affected with the number of blood donors in blood mobiles decreased by 80 7% during MCO The decreasing pattern was due to the cancellation of 25 mobile drives, which targeted 1267 blood donors Blood usage was also escalating down to 840 during the CO, which was due to no elective operations, admissions, or procedures done during the MCO Routine blood donation and collection thus need to be resumed in less affected areas to meet the clinical needs with greater precaution against COVID-19 infections © 2021, Penerbit UMT All Rights Reserved

7.
Journal of Sustainability Science and Management ; 16(1):11-21, 2021.
Artículo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1112983

RESUMEN

The outbreak of coronavirus diseases (COVID-19) receives much attention globally On January 30, 2020, WHO has stated it was a global health emergency The Indonesian Government requiring that all work from home and restricting access to activities outside the home In the Bali Province, it has had a positive impact on the environment, especially for the amount of waste generation and emissions The main objectives of this study were to analyse solid waste generation and to provide a review of issues in environmental impact during and before the pandemic of COVID-19 in Bali Province LCA technique has been used extensively to evaluate the environmental performance of several municipal solid waste management technologies An LCA study consists of four stages, such as goal and scope, life cycle inventory, life cycle impact analysis, and interpretation The degraded organic carbon (DOC) value before the pandemic was 0 121 while after the pandemic the DOC reduced to 0 058 Moreover, methane and carbon dioxide production from waste generation per day was counted in this study The total global warming potential from waste generation has been drastically reduced from 1,859 6 kg CO2eq/day to 420 8 kg CO2eq/day © 2021, Penerbit UMT All Rights Reserved

8.
Journal of Sustainability Science and Management ; 16(1):1-10, 2021.
Artículo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1112982

RESUMEN

This is the first report to elucidate primate mixed-species association during Covid-19 outbreak in Malaysia The observations were carried out at Genting Highlands between 14-24th April 2020 using ad libitum sampling Five Genting Highlands primate species were observed at approximately 66 observation hours which include Symphalangus syndactylus (siamang), Trachypithecus obscurus obscurus (dusky langur), Presbytis siamensis siamensis (Malayan pale-thighed surili), Macaca nemestrina (southern pig-tailed macaque), and Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque) Primates in Genting Highlands were seen interacting among themselves during the third phase of the MCO Siamangs, dusky langurs, and long-tailed macaques were observed sharing space and interacting in an old section of Genting View Resorts that is currently under renovation Malayan pale-thighed langurs were also observed approaching this area During the third phase of the MCO, siamangs, dusky langurs, long-tailed macaques, and pig-tailed macaques consumed fruits of the fig tree (Ficus benjamina), which last for only one week Strict controls on public movement are believed to have created environmental conditions that enabled Genting Highlands primates to move and interact freely among themselves © Penerbit UMT

9.
Belügyi Szemle ; 69(2):311-319, 2021.
Artículo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1112981

RESUMEN

Karikó Katalin magyar származású professzor asszonynak, a BioNTech alelnökének, valamint a Pennsylvaniai Egyetemen dolgozó kutatótársának, Drew Weissmannak a 2005-ben szabadalmaztatott hírvivő RNS (mRNS) technológiája képezi mind a Pfizer–BioNTech, mind a Moderna gyógyszercégek koronavírus-vakcináinak alapját Karikó Katalin eddigi, több évtizedes kutatói pályájának legfőbb eredménye az mRNS terápiás alkalmazás kidolgozása A professzor asszony számára különleges mérföldkőnek számít az a pillanat, amikor ezzel a technológiával születhetett meg a legelső COVID–19 vakcina Úttörő felfedezése óriási tudományos jelentőséggel bír a vakcinakutatásban, hiszen az emberek többsége világszerte a vakcináktól várja a pandémia és ezzel a járványhelyzet megszűnését, bízva abban, hogy életünk visszatérhet a megszokott kerékvágásba Ugyanakkor azt is látnunk kell, hogy sokakban számos kérdés merül fel a vakcina hatásmechanizmusával, utó- és mellékhatásával, továbbá az immunválasz tartósságával, az újrafertőződés lehetőségével kapcsolatban A kérdések sok bizonytalansághoz vezetnek a vakcina elfogadásával összefüggésben, ezért egyértelmű válaszokra van szükség A vírus elleni küzdelemben az egészségügyi dolgozók mellett a hon- és rendvédelmi dolgozók is a legveszélyeztetettebb kategóriába sorolhatók, így fontos, hogy az ezeken a területeken dolgozók közül minél többen oltassák be magukat valamelyik vakcinával Ehhez azonban az is szükséges, hogy hiteles információval rendelkezzenek a vakcina természetéről, az immunválasz kialakulásának jellemzőiről Mivel az ismeretlen mindig félelmet, bizonytalanságot szül, Karikó Katalin professzor asszonnyal készült interjúnkkal is szeretnénk eloszlatni a kétségeket, továbbá segítséget nyújtani mindazok számára, akik még bizonytalanok, és nem döntötték el, vakcináltassák-e magukat A vakcinakutatásról, az mRNS-technológia széleskörű alkalmazhatóságáról, a vakcinatagadásról, valamint a rendőrséghez, a rendészeti tudományos kutatásokhoz való kapcsolatáról kérdeztük Karikó Katalin professzor asszonyt Az interjút Dános Valér és Szabó Csaba készítették Alternate abstract: Both Pfizer-BioNTech’s and Moderna’s corona virus vaccines have been developed on the basis of the mRNA-mediated therapy, discovered by Katalin Karikó, Hungarian-born professor and senior vice president of BioNTech and her co-discover Drew Weissman, a professor of the University of Pennsylvania The greatest scientific achievement of Katalin Karikó’s research work over more than two decades is the elaboration of the mRNA-mediated method for therapeutic application For Professor Karikó was a special milestone the moment when the first vaccine for COVID-19 was created based on this technology Her breakthrough discovery has a potent scientific importance invaccine research, as people are all around the world looking forward to the end of pandemic and lockdown restrictions with arrival of vaccines, hoping that life could finally return to normality However, we have to remark that many questions emerge concerning the effect mechanism of this new type of vaccines, their side or long-term effects, as well as the duration of immunity or the risk of reinfection These questions lead to uncertainty in connection with vaccination, therefore here are clear answers needed In the fight against the virus, beside healthcare workers, military and police personnel belong to the category of highest risk of infection, therefore, it is crucial to achieve as high vaccination rates in their ranks as possible To reach this goal, it is important to have authentic information about the vaccine and the indicators of the immune response As, the unknown always creates fear and uncertainty we intend to put an end to such fears with the help of this interview with Katalin Karikó and to support hesitant colleagues’ decision-making process t get themselves vaccinated We asked Professor Katalin Karikó about vaccine research, the wide area of application of the mRNA-mediated therapy, about skepticism concerning vaccination and about her personal connections to police forces and to scientific research in the field of law enforcement She was interviewed by Valér Dános and Csaba Szabó

10.
Belügyi Szemle ; 69(2):305-309, 2021.
Artículo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1112980

RESUMEN

A tanulmányt (URL1) két, az Amerikai Egyesült Államokban (USA) élő és kutató tudós jegyzi Jeremy Slack a University of Texas, El Paso (UTEP) földrajz docense Doktori fokozatát a University of Arizona-n szerezte, fő kutatási területe az államhatárhoz kapcsolódó bűncselekmények (ember-, kábítószer- csempészés, személy elleni erőszakos jogsértések), valamint az államhatalmi eljárások problémái (kitoloncolás, családi kapcsolatok megszakadása) Josiah Heyman az UTEP antropológia professzora Munkásságának főbb iránya az államhatár (jellemzően USA–Mexikó) jogellenes átlépéséhez kapcsolódó elkövetői oldal, valamint az azt kezelő államhatalmi fellépés vizsgálata, szembefordítása Tanulmányaiban megjelenik mestere, Eric R Wolf (URL2) értékrendje, aki a hatalomhoz kötődő erőszak intézményét bírálta publikációiban A publikáció a „Journal of Latin American Geography” című folyóiratban jelent meg, amelyet a Latin-amerikai Földrajzi Konferencia (CLAG) ad ki és a University of Texas Press terjeszti 1970-ben történt alapítása óta (URL3), H-indexe 20 A téma aktualitása vitathatatlan, hiszen az ellenőrizetlen és ellenőrzött globális migráció, a COVID-19 azonosítóval jelzett globális humán pandémia a Föld egész lakosságát érinti Alternate abstract: The study (URL1) is the work of two scholars living and researching in the United States Jeremy Slack is a lecturer of geography at the University of Texas (UTEP) in El Paso He got his doctoral degree at the University of Arizona, his main research area is crimes in connection with state border (human and drug trafficking, violation of rights of other persons) and the problems in connection with procedures of the state power (deportation, brake of family contacts) Josiah Heyman is professor of anthropology at UTEP The main direction of his work is the examination of the perpetrator side of illegal border crossing (mainly between the USA and Mexico) and of the acts of the state power handling these actions and further a confrontation of both sides In his studies is presented the value order of his master, Eric C Wolf (URL2), who criticised violence connected to authorities The publication appeared in the „Journal of Latin American Geography”, which has been published by the Latin American Geographic Conference (CLAG) and has been distributed by the University of Texas Press since its founding in 1970 (URL3) H-index: 20 Actuality of the topic is indisputable, as controlled and uncontrolled global migration and the global human pandemic of Covid-19 affect the population of the whole world

11.
Revista Internacional de Tecnologia, Ciencia y Sociedad ; 9(2):97-102, 2020.
Artículo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1112979

RESUMEN

The pandemic has provided clear examples of the potential of AI for the health sector, as well as some of its issues, largely derived from the use of black box models In some cases, there are no reasonable alternatives, as in image and speech processing However, in many other instances it would be more profitable to try to focus the developments on Interpretable AI, which could be used more directly for the confirmation of knowledge or for the generation of new hypotheses that can be tested with subsequent experiments © Global Knowledge Academics, authors All rights reserved

12.
Journal of School Administration Research and Development ; 5(S2):61-65, 2020.
Artículo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1112977

RESUMEN

Covid-19 is exposing the inequities and inefficiencies in leadership, in healthcare, and in access to resources—educational, economic, and otherwise—that often necessitate and precipitate unrest and uprisings These realities are inextricably linked to racism, disproportionalities, and the history of discrimination in this country and across the globe— disproportionalities that intersect with university campus uprisings and the urgent need for anti-oppressive school leaders who center the voices and needs of their students © 2020 All Rights Reserved

13.
Journal of School Administration Research and Development ; 5(S2):66-79, 2020.
Artículo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1112976

RESUMEN

The COVID-19 pandemic disrupted educational activities and forced schools to close It also required teachers to shift to remote teaching and learning with inadequate training, preparation, and support that would enable them to operate in an online teaching model Consequently, school reopening calls for consideration of teacher professional learning (TPL) as a way to empower teachers with the knowledge and skills they need to cope with unprecedented challenges and provide effective instruction Therefore, the aim of this essay is to discuss five key areas that school leaders need to address in the TPL organization in order to best prepare teachers to fulfill their duties successfully during the pandemic © 2020 All Rights Reserved

14.
Journal of School Administration Research and Development ; 5(S2):100-104, 2020.
Artículo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1112975

RESUMEN

This essay reviews the emergency teaching-learning pedagogy in K-12 schools of Nepal during the COVID-19 global pandemic It discusses three models (unidirectional, e-participatory, and mobile teaching) as alternative pedagogies of Nepalese educational institutions to continue teaching-learning for different disciplines such as language, arts, and social studies Moreover, the essay discusses the appropriateness of each model for teaching-learning in urban, semi-urban, and rural settings in Nepal © 2020 All Rights Reserved

15.
Journal of School Administration Research and Development ; 5(S2):80-85, 2020.
Artículo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1112974

RESUMEN

School leaders will face great challenges balancing health considerations of students and school staff with powerful political forces demanding that schools reopen as early as possible In order to navigate this new educational landscape, school leaders will need to work with medical and public health officials to acquire health literacy This will enable them to understand medically accurate information while rejecting politically inspired misinformation they will receive in the coming year Health literacy will be an important skill needed by educational leaders to make the best possible decisions during this unprecedented pandemic © 2020 All Rights Reserved

16.
Journal of School Administration Research and Development ; 5(S1):8-14, 2020.
Artículo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1112973

RESUMEN

As the COVID-19 pandemic unfolded in K-12 education, school leaders quickly pivoted from prioritizing continuous instruction and technology access to the output: grades In response to these unprecedented times, secondary schools utilized “do no harm” grading methods, such as freezing previous grades and replacing letter grades with pass-fail The purpose of this essay is to describe grading principles that secondary school leaders should consider during future pandemic era learning and to suggest implications based upon previous literature © 2020

17.
Journal of School Administration Research and Development ; 5(S1):15-20, 2020.
Artículo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1112972

RESUMEN

As part of a larger evaluation study on the impact of mindfulness practices on school leaders’ capacity to promote healing-centered engagement with students and teachers who have a history of trauma, toxic stress, and/or underperformance, mindfulness practices turned out to be critically important during COVID-19 when school leaders face unprecedented difficulties and challenges in transitioning the instructions online The two mindfulness strategies found to have the highest scores are breathing practices and the concept of “being the thermostat, and not the thermometer ” The study shows that learning and practicing mindfulness is a long process that takes time and space Future studies are recommended to focus on the sustainability and group difference issues © 2020, Journal of School Administration Research and Development All Rights Reserved

18.
Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing ; 17(1):189-200, 2021.
Artículo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1112970

RESUMEN

The outbreak of Corona Virus (COVID-19) has spread over a large number of countries The virus is typically transported inside liquid droplets produced by human beings As a result, doctors operating in the consulting rooms of hospitals are potentially exposed to high risk Taking into account the evaporation of droplets and using a hybrid Eulerian-Lagrangian framework to determine the airflow pattern and corresponding motion of droplets, in the present study, the motion of droplets is investigated with regard to the situation in which doctors check patients in front of their bed A turbulence model (RNG k-ɛ) is used The purification capacity of different ventilation systems is compared The risk of cross-infection between doctors and patients is also evaluated

19.
Computers, Materials, & Continua ; 67(3):3545-3562, 2021.
Artículo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1112969

RESUMEN

Social distancing and self-isolation management are crucial preventive measures that can save millions of lives during challenging pandemics of diseases such as the Spanish flu, swine flu, and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) This study describes the comprehensive and effective implementation of the Industrial Internet of Things and machine-to-machine technologies for social distancing and smart self-isolation management These technologies can help prevent outbreaks of any disease that can disperse widely and develop into a pandemic Initially, a smart wristband is proposed that incorporates Bluetooth beacon technology to facilitate the tracing and tracking of Bluetooth Low Energy beacon packets for smart contact tracing Second, the connectivity of the device with Android or iOS applications using long-term evolution technology is realized to achieve mobility Finally, mathematical formulations are proposed to measure the distance between coordinates in order to detect geo-fencing violations These formulations are specifically designed for the virtual circular and polygonal boundaries used to restrict suspected or infected persons from trespassing in predetermined areas, e g , at home, in a hospital, or in an isolation ward The proposed framework outperforms existing solutions, since it is implemented on a wider scale, provides a range of functionalities, and is cost-effective

20.
Computers, Materials, & Continua ; 67(3):3581-3599, 2021.
Artículo | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1112968

RESUMEN

In January 2020, the World Health Organization declared a global health emergency concerning the spread of a new coronavirus disease, which was later named COVID-19 Early and fast diagnosis and isolation of COVID-19 patients have proven to be instrumental in limiting the spread of the disease Computed tomography (CT) is a promising imaging method for fast diagnosis of COVID-19 In this study, we develop a unique preprocessing step to resize CT chest images to a fixed size (256 × 256 pixels) that preserves the aspect ratio and reduces image loss Then, we present a deep learning (DL) method to classify CT chest images based on the light-weight pre-trained EfficientNet-B3 CNN model and ensemble techniques The proposed method, which we refer to as EfficientNet-B3-GAP-Ensemble, comprises an ensemble of a modified version of the EfficientNet-B3 We build the ensemble using multiple runs and multiple training epochs We test the EfficientNet-B3-GAP-Ensemble on two common benchmark datasets, i e , the COVID19-CT and SARS-CoV-2-CT datasets The proposed method has outperformed state-of-the-art methods for both datasets For the COVID19-CT dataset, it achieved 88 18% sensitivity, 88 29% precision, 88 18% accuracy, an F1-score of 88 15%, and AUC of 92 10% With the SARS-CoV-2-CT dataset, we tested the proposed method under different train-test splits, i e , 20%–80%, 50%–50%, and 80%–20% For the latter split, the proposed method achieved 99 72% accuracy, 99 80% sensitivity, precision, and F1-scores, and an AUC score of 99 99%

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