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1.
Nmims Management Review ; 29(4):43-55, 2021.
Article | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1623079

Résumé

Purpose: The purpose of this conceptual paper is to analyze, review, and articulate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on marketers. While scholars have explored the impact of the pandemic on marketing, extant research on this topic has been disparate, unstructured, and disconnected. This paper addresses that need and contributes to the literature. Design/Methodology/Approach: This is a conceptual paper that addresses the impact of the pandemic caused to firms and retailers, and provides them with innovative and strategic directions to achieve a blueprint for success. Findings: The paper endeavors to address how e-commerce, digital technologies and tools, educational technology platforms, omnichannel strategies, corporate social responsibility strategies, and the ascendancy of minimalistic consumption can shape, boost, and bolster firm strategies through leveraging innovation and co-creation, leading to a long-term sustainable competitive advantage. Practical Implications: The paper provides guidelines and insights to firms and retailers regarding new consumer paradigms and areas, such as co-creation, minimalistic consumption, and e-commerce and digital technologies, that are particularly important in the pandemic era. In doing so, the paper provides relevant actionable, practical, and pragmatic implications for managers at firms, along with future research directions for scholars and academicians. Originality: This is one of the first conceptual papers that holistically and comprehensively addresses several germane issues that are faced by firms and retailers in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. The paper not only identifies these critical issues, but it also provides directions for growth, along with recommendations on how firms can better invest their resources in pertinent areas that provide consumer satisfaction, thereby leading to success. Accepted:

2.
Iranian Journal of Health Education & Health Promotion ; 9(4):398-408, 2022.
Article Dans Persan | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1623078

Résumé

Background and Objective: Aggression is one of the most common problems among children who struggle with this behavioral problem during COVID-19 quarantine and negatively affects their quality of life. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of regular exercise on aggression and quality of life of students during coronavirus quarantine. Materials and Methods: The present study was a quasi-experimental study with a pretest-posttest design that was conducted in the academic year 2020-2021. The present study population consisted of girl students aged 10-12 years in Mahmoud Abad city of Mazandaran, of which 40 people were randomly divided into two groups of experimental (20 people) and control (20 people). Before and after the training sessions (12 sessions, three sessions per week for 45 minutes), the subjects completed the Aggression and Quality of Life Questionnaires. Independent-Samples T-Test and Paired-Samples T-Test statistical methods were used to analyze the data. Results: The results showed that there was a significant difference in research variables between the two groups after four weeks of regular training (P<0.05). Regular exercise in children caused a significant decrease in aggression score and a significant increase in quality of life score after exercise in the experimental group (P<0.05), but no significant difference was observed in the control group (P>0.05). Conclusion: The results showed the positive effect of online regular sports activity during the coronavirus quarantine, on increasing the quality of life and reducing the level of aggression of girl students. It is suggested that appropriate and attractive sports activities in all schools of the country be performed virtually in all educational levels on a regular basis. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Iranian Journal of Health Education & Health Promotion is the property of Iranian Association of Health Education & Health Promotion and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

3.
Ceska a Slovenska Neurologie a Neurochirurgie ; 84(4):393-396, 2021.
Article Dans Anglais | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1623074

Résumé

Various infections can frequently lead to the exacerbation of myasthenia gravis (MG). COVID-19 infection characterized by lung impairment with respiration failure, massive infl ammatory reaction and high mortality may lead to worsening of many neuromuscular disorders including MG. Published series of patients with MG and COVID-19 are considerably variable and dill er in disease severity and selected therapeutic approach. In our group of 11 MG patients, substantial worsening was present in 3 patients, and in 4 there was a mild worsening of clinical myasthenic symptoms. In 3 patients, we used high doses of methylprednisolone intravenously, in 2 patients, the oral doses of prednisone were increased to 40 mg/ 60 mg a day, 1 patient was treated with intravenous immunoglobulin (2 g/ kg), and 1 was treated with remdesivir. An 88-year-old woman was dia gnose d with MG after COVID-19 infection. A 77-year-old man died after 6 days of mechanical ventilation. COVID-19 infection leads to an exacerbation of clinical symptoms in a large proportion of MG patients with ventilation disorder due to increased muscle fatigue and inflammatory changes in the lung parenchyma.

4.
Scientific Horizons ; 24(4):17-24, 2021.
Article Dans Anglais | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1623072

Résumé

Bringing to safe health standards and maintaining the basic parameters of the air (microclimate) in the premises for various purposes within the established limits with a high level of efficiency, pro-vides an opportunity to solve the problem of national importance - public health and the necessary environmental characteristics. The purpose of the study is to develop technology and foundations for the construction of universal systems of automated high-quality air purification in rooms for various purposes. Methods of analysis, synthesis, mathematical modelling, and engineering calculations were used in the research process. The technology, composition, and structure of universal systems for au-tomated cleaning and maintenance of the required indoor air quality, which provides automatic control of air parameters, have been developed. The composition and features of software and hardware are substantiated, the method of engineering calculation, structure of air purification system is developed and its technical parameters are defined. The synergetic effects in the implementation of air purification, which are achieved through a comprehensive, consistent with the procedures and pro-cesses of sequential parallel processing of injected and filtered air, have been investigated and proved. Developed technology and systems provide the ability to purify large volumes of air at high speed and quality in rooms with different levels of mechanical contamination, microflora, other harmful impurities, including microorganisms, allergens, dangerous viruses that cause infections with pathogens diseases characterised by mass and high rate of spread, such as COVID-19. For the first time, the problem of creation of energy-efficient high power systems of complex air purification for industrial premises of large sizes, which are 2.5-4 times more effective on all basic indicators in com-parison with the best analogues has been solved. Copyright © The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)

5.
Pegem Egitim Ve Ogretim Dergisi ; 12(1):249-255, 2022.
Article Dans Anglais | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1623071

Résumé

Currently, technology has become the core of development and prosperity processes in various sectors of the world, including the educational sector. The Covid-19 pandemic certainly created many problems in the educational sector, especially when the education system was completely closed, and different countries of the world sought to mitigate the effects of the pandemic on the education sector by relying on distance education (e-learning) and Blended learning. This study focuses on explaining the attitudes of teachers and outstanding students towards Blended learning in light of the Covid-19 pandemic. The study was conducted on a sample of 69 teachers and 201 outstanding students, who were chosen randomly. The results of the study revealed that the attitudes of teachers and outstanding students towards blended learning in light of the spread of the Corona virus was at an average level. The results of the study also showed that there were no statistically significant differences between teachers' and outstanding students' attitudes towards Blended learning in light of the spread of the Covid-19 pandemic due to gender. According to the grade level, from the outstanding students' point of view, it also revealed the existence of an inverse relationship and a weak degree between the teachers' tendency towards Blended learning based on the teaching experience.

6.
Pegem Egitim Ve Ogretim Dergisi ; 12(1):207-212, 2022.
Article Dans Anglais | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1623070

Résumé

The fact that an educational institution is closed temporarily as one of the government's efforts and participation of education to withstand the pace of the spread of the Covid-19 pandemic. In line with that learning is diverted from the face-to-face system to online learning, in reality online learning the social presence of learners not as expected, on the other hand, learners who are usually active on offline learning both from affective and cognitive aspects are invisible to online learning. The research findings are learners who have an active social presence showing high affective and cognitive involvement in the study online, while students whose sociability passive involvement indicates that they do not engage both affective and cognitive studies during their studies. Researchers have concluded that students who are social and active in affective and cognitive involvement in offline learning do not guarantee the same conditions found online learning.

7.
Pegem Egitim Ve Ogretim Dergisi ; 12(1):199-206, 2022.
Article Dans Anglais | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1623069

Résumé

Student problems in the Covid-19 condition are very complex and urgent in the needs of the Covid-19 pandemic and after Covid-19. School counsellors have the competence to identify through assessment. However, not all reviews can analyze students' problems comprehensively. This study focuses on assessing student problems that can diagnose the condition of students from the personal, social, academic, and career fields. The research method uses a mixed-method through qualitative data supported by quantitative data. The research targets were students, then tested the validity and reliability for students N=929. The results of data analysis describe ten students' problems from the personal, social, learning, and career fields with valid and reliable items. The results of item validity are 49 accurate statement items or corrected item-total correlation > 0.1161, while one thing is invalid with 0.936 reliability or very high criteria. School counsellors can use assessment of student problems in analyzing student problems and needs. The results of the evaluation can be used for guidance and counselling plans by school counsellors.

8.
Pegem Egitim Ve Ogretim Dergisi ; 12(1):149-158, 2022.
Article Dans Anglais | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1623068

Résumé

The present study aimed to investigate the degree to which science teachers in the upper basic stage practice the required roles in light of the digital age demands amidst COVID-19. To that aim, the descriptive survey approach was used in addition to a questionnaire of 30 items spread over 3 domains: technological, social and research, in a form of scale developed distinctly for gathering data. Reliability and validity of these items were verified. The sample of the study consisted of (143) male and female science teachers. The statistical treatment of data involved using the means, standard deviations, and three-way MANOVA. The results of the study showed that the degree to which science teachers in the upper basic stage practice the required roles in light of the digital age demandsamidst COVID-19 pandemic was moderate. Technological domain ranked first with a mean of (3.90) and got a high degree. Social domain ranked second with a mean of (3.31) while Research domain ranked last with a mean of (2.54) and both got a moderate degree. The findings also indicated that there were no statistically significant differences in the science teachers 'practice attributed to the variables of gender, experience and education sector. The study reached several recommendations, the most important of which is educating teachers about the importance of practicing the required roles in light of the digital age demands amidst COVID-19 pandemic.

9.
Indian Journal of Community Health ; 33(3):541-542, 2021.
Article Dans Anglais | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1623067

Résumé

The Oxford University-AstraZeneca's vector-based vaccine called Covishield (ChAdOx1 nCoV- 19 Vaccine) is being manufactured and distributed by Serum Institute of India (SII). National roll out of this vaccine was in a phased manner starting from 16th January 2021. At present, many states are facing shortage of vaccines. Government of India kept changing its policy on dosing gap of Covishield vaccine based on researches. The latest recommendation citing "real-life evidence" from the UK is to extend the two doses of Covishield to 12-16 weeks. This reasonable approach will not only a breathing space for the government but also aids in free up doses for a larger number of people to get their first dose of the vaccine.

10.
Indian Journal of Community Health ; 33(3):539-540, 2021.
Article Dans Anglais | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1623066

Résumé

Following the recommendations from the National Technical Advisory Group (NTAG) on Immunization, the Government of India approved three vaccines - an inactivated vaccine, Covaxin and two non-replicating vector-based vaccines, Covishield and Sputnik V for restricted use in an emergency for pregnant women.(1)The late approval of vaccination of pregnant women was due to a lack of evidence, because pregnant women were excluded from previous COVID vaccination trials. The restricted use of this vaccine recommended by NTAG also complies with the regulations of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, and the American Academy of Pediatrics. (2-4).

11.
Indian Journal of Community Health ; 33(3):531-533, 2021.
Article Dans Anglais | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1623065

Résumé

Background: The rolling out of the COVID -19 vaccination programme was accompanied by several doubts including the safety and occurrence of adverse effects after the vaccination. Methodology: A cross sectional study was conducted amongst the health care professionals working in the state of Himachal Pradesh to assess the frequency and types of side effects associated with the administration of Covid-19 vaccines using a semi structured questionnaire floated through a Google form. Result: Of the 187 responses received, after the 1st dose, 37.5% participants reported malaise, 31% myalgia, 36.4% low-grade fever, while 18.5% high-grade fever. Mild reactions at the injection site were reported by 37.5%, headache was reported by 3%, low back ache, drowsiness, giddiness and diarrhea were reported by about 3%. No reactions were reported by 18.5% of the participants. After the second dose, 51.8% did not report any adverse event, 17.1% reported malaise,15.2% reported low grade fever, 3% reported high grade fever, 20.1% reported mild reactions at the site of injection while 4.2% reported drowsiness, breathlessness on exertion, nausea, low back ache and diarrhea.

12.
Indian Journal of Community Health ; 33(3):528-530, 2021.
Article Dans Anglais | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1623064

Résumé

India recorded its first Covid-19 positive case in Kerala on January 30, 2020. This was followed by nationwide lockdown in 4 different phases from 25th March to 31st May 2020 and an unlock period thereafter. This pandemic brought many unseen challenges to the world. On one side human lives were put at risk, on the other side nature was recreating itself. Many diseases other than covid dropped down in massive percentage. The public understood the importance of handwashing, vaccination, covering mouth and nose while coughing and sneezing during this pandemic. Children facing this Covid pandemic had understood the importance of the role played by hygiene and social distancing in maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Every coin has two faces, likewise, this pandemic has both positive and negative effects and we focus on positive effects in this article.

13.
Indian Journal of Community Health ; 33(3):523-527, 2021.
Article Dans Anglais | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1623063

Résumé

Background: COVID-19 pandemic has drastically affected the mental health of people worldwide, with emergence of new mental health problems and worsening of the existing ones. Objectives: This research was conducted with the objective to study the level of mental wellbeing among adult general population during COVID-19 pandemic in India and to identify the association of socio demographic factors with the level of mental wellbeing of study subjects.

14.
Indian Journal of Community Health ; 33(3):515-518, 2021.
Article Dans Anglais | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1623062

Résumé

Background: Mucormycosis is an opportunistic fungal infection with a high fatality rate and is the third most common fungal infection that is invasive in nature, next to candidiasis and aspergillosis. It is attributed to the poor socio-economic status and triggered by the local trauma due to unhygienic setup or poor health care. The pathway of pathogenesis is not clearly understood in immunocompetent patients and therefore becomes a matter of great concern. Aim& Objective: To explore the pathway of mucormycosis in a case of post SARS-CoV-2 infection Settings and Design: Tertiary Care hospital of Jabalpur DistrictMethods and Material: Interview with the case and care taker and case file review.

15.
Indian Journal of Community Health ; 33(3):475-479, 2021.
Article Dans Anglais | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1623061

Résumé

Background: Karnataka, more so Bangalore, reported an increase in number of COVID-19 cases in early April 2021.

16.
Indian Journal of Community Health ; 33(3):430-434, 2021.
Article Dans Anglais | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1623060

Résumé

Background: Health care workers (HCWs) are more likely to be at high risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection due to their direct and/or indirect participation in treatment facilities. Here, we aimed to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and practices of ivermectin pre-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) in HCWs. Materials and Methods: In this observational study HCWs who were directly/indirectly involved in the medication of COVID-19 patients were selected. The study questionnaire included demographic data;knowledge, attitudes, practices, and associated adverse drug reactions (ADR) after using ivermectin as pre-exposure prophylaxis in COVID-19.

17.
Indian Journal of Community Health ; 33(3):419-423, 2021.
Article Dans Anglais | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1623059

Résumé

The world is facing an unprecedented challenge of the 21st century in the form of COVID-19 outbreak. People across the culture, race, ethnicity, socio-economic background are being affected by the rippling effects of this pandemic. The aim of this narrative review is to briefly describe the impact of the pandemic on mental health, the vicious cycle of social issues and psychological health caused and aggravated by the Covid-19 pandemic. We also aim to highlight certain interventions to overcome the mental health challenges posed by the pandemic. For this purpose, a thorough search of all databases was done to gather articles relevant to the objective of this narrative review. Keywords were used in combination and separately to identify the articles on the various psychosocial issues caused by the pandemic. Published articles in various databases like Scopus, Web of Science, Pubmed etc., related to psychosocial effects due to COVID-19 were searched and summarized to justify and support the objective of this paper. The coming months will reveal the extent of damage this pandemic has caused to the socio-economic and health sectors across the globe. It is crucial to recognize the psychosocial impact of this pandemic and necessitate the measures to overcome them by mobilizing the resources we have at hand.

18.
Gomal Journal of Medical Sciences ; 19(4):152-156, 2021.
Article Dans Anglais | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1623058

Résumé

Y The 2019 Coronavirus disease is a public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC). COVID-19 causes acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in certain individuals. In such individuals, non-invasive and invasive ventilation methods are used to treat ARDS. Non-invasive ventilation approaches must be used initially before introducing intrusive mechanical ventilation techniques. Non-invasive methods used in the therapy of COVID-19 associated ARDS include high-flow nasal cannula, bi-level positive air pressure, and helmet ventilation. Before employing any of these non-invasive methods, the risk of viral aerosol transmission to healthcare and paramedical personnel must be considered. When non-invasive procedures are used, the load on hospital ventilatory equipment can be reduced. If at all possible, avoid intubating the patient too soon. The clinical appearance of the patient, as well as vital indicators such as oxygen saturation and respiratory rate must be evaluated on frequent basis in order to determine whether the patient requires ventilation. In COVID-19 patients, the judicious application of non-invasive and invasive breathing methods can minimize the risk of death from ARDS.

19.
Annals of Jinnah Sindh Medical University ; 7(2):60-64, 2021.
Article Dans Anglais | GIM | ID: covidwho-1623057

Résumé

Objectives: To determine the frequency of blood groups in different ethnicities among medical students of Karachi and the association of blood groups with Covid-19 susceptibility Methodology: A cross sectional study was conducted among medical and dental students of Liaquat College of Medicine and Dentistry from January 1st to October 30th, 2019 after taking Institutional Review Board's approval. Data was collected from students of different ethnicities. Blood group was determined by mixing the blood with antisera and observing the agglutination by antigen and antibody reaction. Screening for Covid-19 was carried out by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction real-time (RT-PCR) Results: In our study, data was collected from 220 medical students, out of whom 89 (40.5%) were male. Their ages ranged from 17-22 years with mean age of 19.5..2.39 years. Among 220 students, group B was the most common blood group, accounting for 77 (35%) participants. Screening, the most susceptible blood group for Covid-19 virus was found to be blood group B (61%).

20.
Annals of Jinnah Sindh Medical University ; 7(2):55-59, 2021.
Article Dans Anglais | GIM | ID: covidwho-1623056

Résumé

Objective: To determine the frequency of blood group in different ethnicity among medical students of Karachi and their association with the covid 19 susceptibility Methodology: A cross sectional study was conducted among medical students of Liaquat College of medicine and dentistry from 1stJune to 30th November 2020. Data was collected from students which were of different ethnicities. Blood group was determined by mixing the blood with antisera and observing the agglutination by antigen and antibody reaction. Screening for covid 19 was carried out by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction real-time (RT-PCR) Result In our study, data was collected from 220 medical students, out of which 89(40.5%) were male and 131(59.5%) were female participants. Their age ranges from 17-22 years with mean age of 19.5+ 2.39 years. Among 220 students, group B was the most common group, accounting for 77 (35%). Upon screening the most susceptible blood group for Covid19 virus was Blood group B (61%) Conclusion: Our study concluded that according to ethnicity blood group B was the commonest group in Punjabi and Urdu speaking casts while in Sindhi blood group A and O being the prevalent group. The Rh positive groups found to be more susceptible for covid 19 virus and blood group B+ appears to be in higher association with it.

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