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1.
Trends Psychiatry Psychother ; 2021.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-1527182

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of the covid-19 pandemic on depressive symptoms and suicide risk among patients undergoing treatment in a Public Health Psychosocial Addiction Care Center (CAPS AD III) of Porto Alegre. METHODS: Questions retrieved from the Coronavirus Health Impact Survey (CRISIS), translated into Brazilian Portuguese, were used to evaluate the perceptions and behaviors of 70 patients about the covid-19 pandemic. Validated Brazilian versions of PHQ-9 and GAD-7 were used to evaluate the severity of depressive symptoms, suicide risk and anxiety symptoms. A multilogistic regression model was performed to evaluate predictors of suicide risk in the sample. RESULTS: Around 70% of patients reported moderate depressive symptoms, 30% severe depressive symptoms, 17% of patients reported suicide or death thoughts in more than half of the days and 10% reported it daily. History of alcohol use was identified as the main predictor of suicide risk in the logistic regression model (OR 13.0, p = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: Individuals with history of alcohol consumption presented with significantly higher suicide risk scores in a psychosocial public health care center in Brazil during covid-19 pandemic. This result can be important to devise better strategies and interventions to support this specific population profile.

2.
Psychological Thought ; 14(2):269-281, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1527178

ABSTRACT

The development of technologies and their use in various fields of life and for different purposes have recently increased because of mandatory restrictive measures implemented by worldwide governments (to limit the spread of Covid-19). In this editorial are presented some notions about artificial reality and virtually created environments. It is discussed the opportunity to experience authentic emotions through virtual scenarios where people immerse themselves for teaching, training skills, or even when the real environment cannot be reproduced and only a simulated environment can help to enrich the experience and overcome some fears. It is shown that personal experience in a simulated reality, not only as an observer but also as a protagonist, stimulates and helps to acquire specific practical skills, and develop behavioral models leading to better learning and psychotherapeutic outcomes.

3.
Psychological Thought ; 14(2):467-483, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1527177

ABSTRACT

The theoretical assumptions and research findings have established some connections between extraversion/introversion, and neuroticism on the one hand, and well-being on the other hand. There is scarce scientific literature specifying these connections in different social categories or their possible modification in different levels of such personality traits as psychoticism and social desirability. The goal of the current study was to specify if the relationships between extraversion, neuroticism and well-being varied, according to gender, age, degree of manifestation of psychoticism and social desirability. The sample consisted of 470 Bulgarians from 18 to 55 years old using Bulgarian adaptation of Eysenck Personality Questionnaire and a dichotomized analogous scale measuring subjectively assessed well-being. This study found that higher well-being was related to higher extraversion and lower neuroticism, no matter of gender, age, or the degree of manifestation of other personality traits such as psychoticism and social desirability. Social isolation during COVID-19 pandemic may reflect negatively on well-being, as due to various constraints the extrovert people limit their social contacts and because of increased emotional lability in emergency situations that deserves further being investigated.

4.
Psychological Thought ; 14(2):510-526, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1527176

ABSTRACT

The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) disease has produced both physical and mental health crisis at an unprecedented level forcing the global community to take actions to deal with the pandemic. Various mental health issues have cropped up in people since the spread of the highly contagious disease. The present empirical study examined the role of the positive cognitive triad in coping with mental health problems, especially the fears of the pandemic. Using а cross-sectional research design, data were collected from the 240 participants in a northern state in India at the time when the positive cases were increasing. Regression analysis showed significant variation explained by positive cognitive triad on the outcome variable, i.e. positive cognitive triad reduces the perception of fears of the COVID-19 disease. The study revealed that the positive cognitive triad might be used as one of the coping strategies with the fears and anxiety of the disease. Regression analysis further revealed that two dimensions of the positive cognitive triad i.e. positive cognition of the self and positive cognition of the future, had a significantly negative influence on the fears of the disease. Thus, people who have positive cognition of the self and the future are less likely to experience fear of the novel COVID-19 diseases.

5.
Journal of Engineering Research (Kuwait) ; 9, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1527166

ABSTRACT

Phenomenal Changes are taking place in the world. The energy consumption of the country has grown many folds over the past few years, thereby putting pressure on the fossil fuel reserves. Though, recently due to COVID-19, the price of crude oil has fallen since few months but it would again rise which would lead to heavy expenditure over imports of crude petroleum. Also the fossil fuels increase the problem of global warming and carbon emissions. Alternate fuel such as alcohols poses a sustainable alternative solution of the problem. In the present investigation, Blends of 1-octanol are formed with neat diesel i.e. OC-5, OC-10, OC-15 & OC-20 and analyzed for efficiency, fuel economy and effluents of the single cylinder variable compression ratio engine. It was perceived that there was increment in viscosity of the blends containing n-octanol while the heating value lowered by increasing the absorption of 1-octanol. The peak BTE and lowest fuel consumption was found to be with blend containing 20% 1-octanol. Lower CO and UBHC emissions were reported with the addition of 1-octanol in the different blends formed. © 2021 University of Kuwait. All rights reserved.

6.
Journal of Drugs in Dermatology ; 20(4):17-22, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1527165

ABSTRACT

The most important function of the stratum corneum (SC), the uppermost layer of the human epidermis, is the formation of the epidermal permeability barrier. Lipids, particularly ceramides, cholesterol, and free fatty acids, together form lamellar membranes in the extracellular spaces of the SC that limit the loss of water and electrolytes. In addition to preventing water and electrolyte loss, the SC as a permeability barrier prevents the entry of harmful irritants, allergens, and microorganisms into the skin. Disruption of the epidermal barrier leads to skin that is irritated, more reactive, and more sensitive than normal skin. SC thickness, lipid profile, and barrier function vary with different ethnic groups, which is also reflected the differences in prevalence and manifestation of diverse skin conditions related to the skin barrier function such as atopic dermatitis and sensitive skin. In addition to these compromised skin barrier related conditions, we are just now starting to understand the direct and indirect impact of COVID-19 on the skin and how current preventative measures are contributing to skin barrier disorders. Our understanding of various approaches for restoration of skin barrier, especially the role of topically applied mixtures of cholesterol, ceramides, and essential/nonessential free fatty acids (FFAs) allows for the strengthening of the compromised skin barrier and alleviation of symptoms and discomfort associated with skin barrier disorders. Ceramide containing products on the market are commonly available and offer protection and reparative benefits to the skin barrier. © 2021 Journal of Drugs in Dermatology. All rights reserved.

7.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences ; 34(6):2265-2271, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1527164

ABSTRACT

This study depicted varying pattern of inflammatory markers and blood gases of selected SARS Covid-19 patients with triggered cytokine storm, during their stay in ICUs, HDUs, on ventilators for 21 days. All were treated with Antiviral (remdesivir), steroid (dexamethason) and antipyretic (paracetamol) medications. Procalcitonin, PCT, C-reactive protein CRP, Interleukin 6 (IL6) and Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) blood gases pressure (pO2, pCO2), coagulation (D-Dimer DD) and Iron storage proteins (Ferritin Ft) were analyzed by fully automated analyzers. All biomarkers of each patient category was statistically compared with days 1st, 4th, 7th versus 10th, 14th and 17th days and reported as significant where p<0.05, to assess progression, worsening or recovery status. IL6 (P<0.0224, P< 0.0228) and CRP (P<0.0277) exhibited none or mild statistical significance difference, with the exception of Ferritin (P<0.0185;P<0.0088) and D Dimer (P<0.0086), demonstrating slow recovery, revealing stronger cytokine storming assault. LDH, pCO2 and pO2 exhibited variable significance difference when data of earlier days were compared with recovery phase, thus advocating blended treatment or progressing of disease. Analysis confirms overwhelming pathogenesis of SARS Covid-19 distinctive cytokine storm, which needed to be cautiously monitored as infection progressed using pro-inflammatory biomarkers as indicators of recovery or worsening of the disease. © 2021 Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. All rights reserved.

8.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences ; 34(6):2247-2252, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1527163

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 has taken over the world as the largest viral outbreak in the past 100 years. With over 13 million confirmed cases and 0.5 million-plus people dead, it has affected the life around us. With Pakistan being amongst the top 15 countries affected by it, the government of Pakistan has started vaccination, issued SOPs on daily life and smart lockdown continues in the country, but a part of this activity developing countries are still facing even greater difficulties in handling this crisis. This paper was designed to evaluate the status of scientific literature available on Covid-19 pandemic and to relate this situation from Pakistan perspective. A detailed review of published literature was conducted from March 2020 to August 2020. Covid-19, pandemic, Pakistan, healthcare setup, psychological impact, educational activities and challenges SOPs were utilized as key vocabulary. Miscellaneous searching tools including, Science Direct, Embase, PubMed, Google Scholar and Covid-19 portal from Government of Pakistan were visited for relevant information. A total of 30 research commentaries, articles, opinions and editorial letters were selected based on the required information. This article discusses the effects of COVID-19 on society and focus on SOPs introduced and their effects on the physical and mental health of the general public. © 2021 Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. All rights reserved.

9.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences ; 34(5):1645-1649, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1527162

ABSTRACT

Severe acute respiratory viral infections are frequently associated with multiple organ failure, including acute kidney damage. The present study aimed to investigate the associated influence of COVID-19 on renal function in patients admitted to the intensive care unit in Asir region, Saudi Arabia. Thirty patients infected with COVID-19 who were referred to the intensive care unit during November and October 2020 at Asir central hospital, Asir region, Saudi Arabia were recruited. The age of patients ranged between 30 and 90 years old. Renal function tests exhibited dramatic changes in the renal biomarkers in patients with COVID-19. Blood urea levels in COVID-19 patients were significantly higher than in the control group. In addition, significantly lower albumin levels with abnormally decreased total protein levels were found in COVID-19 patients. Among the different electrolytes analyzed, a significantly lower calcium level was observed in COVID-19 patients' groups than in the controls. Renal function tests for COVID-19-infected ICU patients revealed significant changes, indicating the major impact of COVID-19 on kidney function. Monitoring renal function tests may assist in the early prognosis of COVID-19 patients. It is, therefore, crucial to increase the understanding of renal function tests in COVID-19 patients who were admitted to the hospital before their condition deteriorated. © 2021 Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. All rights reserved.

10.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences ; 34(4):1467-1484, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1527161

ABSTRACT

Currently, prevention and control of the coronavirus disease pneumonia epidemic situation are grim globally. To cope with total sheer carriers and patients of COVID-19 requires intensive medical support and adjunctive therapies to overcome the disease. The epidemic can be controlled with the help of both, disease suppression via community health measures and adjunctive therapies for patients suffering from infection. Till date, we do not have any proper antiCOVID-19 therapy. In order to achieve the overall realization of this pandemic, there is a need to identify treatments depending upon their direct or indirect targets;like inhibition of polyprotein synthesis, transmembrane serine protease, inhibition of viral entry and endocytosis. This could be possible by turning the focus in the direction towards the development of numerous tentative drugs, particularly in the severe to badly ill. Though, majority of these off-label adjunctive medicines are being inspected in a lot of clinical trials at different stages, scientific organizations have endeavored to elucidate the situation where these adjunctive drugs might be practiced as off-label, open- label or compassionate. Our review compiles the adjunctive therapies adopted in COVID-19 infected patients according to clinical severity in conjugation with practicing recommendations from existing guidance rules issued by global professional bodies in healthcare. © 2021 Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. All rights reserved.

11.
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences ; 83(5):871-885, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1527159

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease 2019 is a disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 and continues to pose a global threat resulting in thousands of deaths. In the absence of effective therapeutics, implementation of non-pharmaceutical interventions still remains an important prevention strategy, while various vaccine candidates are either approved or in clinical trials, several drugs are also being tested in pre-clinical studies for their potential for repurposing to treat the coronavirus disease 2019. The mechanistic details underlying disease pathogenesis and therapeutic efficacy of various drugs are rapidly emerging, which will be useful for fast-tracking pharmaceutical leads to clinical utility. The current review details the mechanistic understanding of viral pathogenesis including host cell interactions, viral replication, altered host cell processes, cytokine release syndrome and the role of coagulation pathway, renin angiotensin system and kallikrein-bradykinin pathways in acute respiratory distress syndrome. Further, a detailed overview of therapeutic candidates including antibodies, targeted enzyme inhibitors, drugs that showed clinical efficacy and drugs with anti-severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 activities in pre-clinical models are discussed. Additionally, the approval and availability of various vaccines and their mechanism of action are also detailed. Importantly, emerging clinical evidence regarding immune biomarkers that help in patient stratification into moderate or severe cases are highlighted that may aid in reducing mortality by choosing appropriate treatment strategies. Taken together, the report gives up to date mechanistic information on disease pathogenesis and potential therapeutics. © 2021 Indian Pharmaceutical Association. All rights reserved.

12.
Strategic Review for Southern Africa ; 43(1):145-159, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1527157

ABSTRACT

This paper explores the significance of the turn to the religion of the family and the clan (i.e., indigenous African religion) taking place under the contemporary conditions of Covid-19 in many African countries. It does this in order to exhibit the Africanity that is hidden by this otherwise pragmatic turn. The paper explores this Africanity by drawing from the classical African story of Seila-Tsatsi, which it argues has its roots in religious education. The key aim of its examination of this Africanity is to interrogate a politics of health it claims the World Health Organisation advances. The paper does not explore this turn by accounting for the meanings individuals attribute to it but is rather and conceptual in its approach. The argument it makes is that the contemporary turn to the religion of the family and the clan exhibits desire for an inclusive form of relationality that ought to inform fair, equitable and just health outcomes. It argues that the WHO's politics of health is blind to this model because it stubbornly upholds binary thought.

13.
Strategic Review for Southern Africa ; 43(1):213-233, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1527156

ABSTRACT

As the Covid-19 pandemic reached South Africa in early March 2020, fear and distress gripped the nation. In the various debates, discussions, and narratives, one notable absence was any substantial critique of China in South Africa media. This is odd given the ample evidence concerning the origins of the virus. With so much of the pandemics narrative shaped by the media, what constitutes truth and fiction became opaque and murky. Added to this malaise are allegations that China is exporting its authoritarian press censorship culture abroad. In developing a methodology which asks if "China is crafting its image', this research examines a sample of South African media between March and June 2020 to ascertain if negative critiques of China are being censorship within South African media. Two dailies, The Star and The Citizen, as well as a number of online media publications are used as the study's sample. The data collected is cross analyzed against the five filters of Herman and Chomsky's Propaganda Model to determine if China is Manufacturing Consent within South Africa media. There is conclusive evidence that censorship is taking place within South African media.

14.
Strategic Review for Southern Africa ; 43(1):125-141, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1527155

ABSTRACT

In order to know how to change one must be able to acknowledge what one does not know. Central to knowledge production of relevance is humility and an understanding of the realities of one's own environment. From a decolonial perspective, knowledge production is affected by the development and creation of the actual physical spaces of the university and its pedagogy. The Covid_19 pandemic has tested the functionality of the physical space of the university as well as the organization of the city space. This paper considers these issues, their impact and effect on the mental well-being of both academics and students by exploring the idea of the university as a virtuous city. We draw on Al-Farabi's treatise of the Virtuous City because physical and conceptual architectures reflect a way in which the world is structured. In South Africa, the violent design of the fragmented spaces has been planned according to the colonial, cartographic imagination which destroys and distorts memory and ruptures tradition. The architecture of the cities and universities, it can be argued, effect a similar process, and serve as an affirmation of the pre-dominance of the white-supremacist power structure in South Africa. Cities are created by people and each city is a creation of the interaction of social, economic, cultural, and political imperatives. The university is a micro-manifestation of the cosmopolitan city that adopts different approaches to knowledge, decolonisation and transformation. In re-imaging and reconstituting the westernised South African university an appropriate approach to reaching the ideals of well-being and harmony would require the shedding of the ego and the Cartesian "I" The process of decolonising the university should occur by deconstructing and recognising colonial methods, theories and practise in our pedagogy and spaces in order to begin the process of reconstruction.

15.
E-Revista de Estudos Interculturais ; 1(9), 2021.
Article in Portuguese | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1527154
16.
E-Revista de Estudos Interculturais ; 1(9), 2021.
Article in Portuguese | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1527153

ABSTRACT

The highlighted theme is approached by three pairs of students of the Master Course in Pedagogy and Didactics (MPD) focusing on the concerns that recently have agitated the school environment. The first pair of students aims to bring the relationship between public health and school health within the scope of Covid-19 as a necessary element to ensure a good learning environment for pedagogical success emphasizing that the intention of school health education is to establish conditions for students to build knowledge about it and so keep on in the learning process. The second pair based on the idea that the crisis imposed by the pandemic constitutes a global threat, supported by bibliographic research, presents the main measures taken by schools in order to stop the spread of the pandemic as well as to understand and accept the rationality of the adopted strategies for the continuity of the learning process during the class suspension time and after the face-to-face resumption. The third pair reflects on the effect of the situation currently experienced in formal education in Mozambique aiming at school education centered on new directions based on a reflection on certain current changes resulting from the complex global situation. Considering that sustainability for the plan to return to face-to-face classes requires the improvement of hygiene conditions in schools and other community safety measures, the essence of social sentiment is highlighted. In view of the MPD students’ contributions, two teachers focus on the challenges launched by Covid-19 to Education, namely in regard to the learning environments and the importance of mediation to be maintained by teachers in the new focus with which the teaching-learning process must be engaged. © 2021, Center for Intercultural Studies, Polytechnic of Porto. All rights reserved.

17.
Lambda Nordica ; 26(2-3):21-46, 2021.
Article in Swedish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1527152

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has opened up futures for debate in an unprecedented manner and on an unforeseen scale. This article explores how ideas of immunity structured debates about pandemic management strategies as a means of securing a post-pandemic future during the first wave of the pandemic in 2020. Building on queer theorization of temporality, the article asks how ideas of COVID-19 immunity derive their affective appeal and cultural legitimacy, and what is at stake in the imagined futures that unfold from such visions of post-pandemic immunity. The analysis focuses on two affective figures that circulated widely in public discourse in March–May 2020: the figure of the soon-immune nation and the figure of the immune individual. I unsettle these figures by contextual- izing them through the histories of immunity politics around race, gender and sexuality. The analysis shows that the two figures have long affective histories entangled with nationalism, racism and discrimination. The article argues that these histories shape and curtail the kinds of post-pandemic futures that may be enacted and imagined through popular ideas of immunity.

18.
Australian Journal of Herbal and Naturopathic Medicine ; 33(3):104-107, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1527151
19.
Journal of International Students ; 11(Special issue 2):94-111, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1527150

ABSTRACT

Since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, the global international education sector has been fraught with multiple, intensifying stressors, which have severely affected international students’ lives and study. Host government policies on international education can make a critical difference for this vulnerable population during the pandemic. Australia’s crisis response policies during the pandemic have been closely tracked and vigorously discussed amongst Chinese international students. This study examines how Australia’s crisis responses addressed the needs of international students during the pandemic, and how these policies impacted Chinese international students’ experiences and perceptions of studying in Australia. We collected qualitative data through interviews with Chinese international students, parents and migration agents, virtual ethnography on WeChat, and analysis of Australia’s policy responses. Our thematic analysis highlights participants’ experiences and views of Australia’s crisis responses in the four areas of financing, third-country transit, visas and immigration, and pandemic management. We discuss these findings in relation to the historical context of Australia’s higher education funding reforms during the 1980s and 1990s. © Journal of International Students.

20.
Computer Systems Science and Engineering ; 41(3):1255-1271, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1527149

ABSTRACT

Notwithstanding the discovery of vaccines for Covid-19, the virus's rapid spread continues due to the limited availability of vaccines, especially in poor and emerging countries. Therefore, the key issues in the present COVID-19 pandemic are the early identification of COVID-19, the cautious separation of infected cases at the lowest cost and curing the disease in the early stages. For that reason, the methodology adopted for this study is imaging tools, particularly computed tomography, which have been critical in diagnosing and treating the disease. A new method for detecting Covid-19 in X-rays and CT images has been presented based on the Scatter Wavelet Transform and Dense Deep Neural Network. The Scatter Wavelet Transform has been employed as a feature extractor, while the Dense Deep Neural Network is utilized as a binary classifier. An extensive experiment was carried out to evaluate the accuracy of the proposed method over three datasets: IEEE 80200, Kaggle, and Covid-19 X-ray image data Sets. The dataset used in the experimental part consists of 14142. The numbers of training and testing images are 8290 and 2810, respectively. The analysis of the result refers that the proposed methods achieved high accuracy of 98%. The proposed model results show an excellent outcome compared to other methods in the same domain, such as (DeTraC) CNN, which achieved only 93.1%, CNN, which achieved 94%, and stacked Multi-Resolution CovXNet, which achieved 97.4%. The accuracy of CapsNet reached 97.24%. © 2022 CRL Publishing. All rights reserved.

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