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COVID-19 pandemic in Yemen: A questionnaire based survey, what do we know?
Dhabaan, Ghulam; Chahin, Abdullah; Buhaish, Abdulrahman; Shorman, Mahmoud.
  • Dhabaan G; Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai Hospital/University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada. ghulam.dhabaan@gmail.com.
  • Chahin A; Infectious Disease and Critical Care Divisions, Kent County Memorial Hospital and the Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, United States. abdullah_chahin@brown.edu.
  • Buhaish A; Independent Researcher, Sana'a, Yemen. Abdulrahman.buhaish@gmail.com.
  • Shorman M; Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Tennessee Medical Center, Knoxville, TN, United States. mshorman@utmck.edu.
J Infect Dev Ctries ; 14(12): 1374-1379, 2020 12 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1000366
Semantic information from SemMedBD (by NLM)
1. COVID-19 AFFECTS human group
Subject
COVID-19
Predicate
AFFECTS
Object
human group
2. Vaccines TREATS Virus
Subject
Vaccines
Predicate
TREATS
Object
Virus
3. Therapeutic procedure TREATS Virus
Subject
Therapeutic procedure
Predicate
TREATS
Object
Virus
4. COVID-19 PROCESS_OF Persons
Subject
COVID-19
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Persons
5. Symptoms COEXISTS_WITH Chest Pain
Subject
Symptoms
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
Chest Pain
6. Symptoms COEXISTS_WITH Deglutition Disorders
Subject
Symptoms
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
Deglutition Disorders
7. Symptoms COEXISTS_WITH Dyspnea
Subject
Symptoms
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
Dyspnea
8. Symptoms COEXISTS_WITH Fever
Subject
Symptoms
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
Fever
9. COVID-19 AFFECTS human group
Subject
COVID-19
Predicate
AFFECTS
Object
human group
10. Vaccines TREATS Virus
Subject
Vaccines
Predicate
TREATS
Object
Virus
11. Therapeutic procedure TREATS Virus
Subject
Therapeutic procedure
Predicate
TREATS
Object
Virus
12. COVID-19 PROCESS_OF Persons
Subject
COVID-19
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Persons
13. Symptoms COEXISTS_WITH Chest Pain
Subject
Symptoms
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
Chest Pain
14. Symptoms COEXISTS_WITH Deglutition Disorders
Subject
Symptoms
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
Deglutition Disorders
15. Symptoms COEXISTS_WITH Dyspnea
Subject
Symptoms
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
Dyspnea
16. Symptoms COEXISTS_WITH Fever
Subject
Symptoms
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
Fever
ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION:

Coronavirus infectious disease 2019 (COVID-19) is currently one of the most important public health crises affecting the global human population. It continues to spread widely, as the world still lacks specific treatments and a vaccine for the virus. The scenario of COVID-19 in Yemen seems obscure due to the lack of adequate data, therefore, we developed an electronic questionnaire and distributed it online among Yemeni people. The aim of this study was to understand the COVID-19 epidemiological situation in Yemen better since there is currently limited published data and limited availability of COVID-19 testing.

METHODOLOGY:

A 34-question web-based survey was distributed on social media outlets targeting people in Yemen. Data aggregation, analysis, and visualization were performed using Tableau and Microsoft Excel.

RESULTS:

2,341 individuals reported symptoms concerning for COVID-19 infection, with 25.4% reporting a chronic medical condition. Diabetes, hypertension, asthma, and immune deficiency were associated with increased severity of the disease, while obesity, cardiovascular disease, kidney disease, and liver disease were not. Only 37 individuals (1.6%) had a confirmatory COVID-19 PCR test. The presence of high fever, dyspnea, chest pain, and dysphagia were symptoms that tended to be correlated to worse clinical outcomes.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study provides some important information about the early overspread of COVID-19 within the Yemeni community in May, June, and July of 2020. It shows that online questionnaires may help in collecting data about pandemics in resource-limited countries where testing availability is limited.
Subject(s)
Keywords

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Surveys and Questionnaires / COVID-19 Type of study: Randomized controlled trials Topics: Vaccines Limits: Adult / Female / Humans / Male / Young adult Country/Region as subject: Asia Language: English Journal: J Infect Dev Ctries Journal subject: Communicable Diseases Year: 2020 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Jidc.13966

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Surveys and Questionnaires / COVID-19 Type of study: Randomized controlled trials Topics: Vaccines Limits: Adult / Female / Humans / Male / Young adult Country/Region as subject: Asia Language: English Journal: J Infect Dev Ctries Journal subject: Communicable Diseases Year: 2020 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Jidc.13966