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Demographic and Clinical Characteristics of Early Travel-Associated COVID-19 Cases.
Marei, Reham M; Emara, Mohamed M; Elsaied, Omar M; Nasrallah, Gheyath K; Chivese, Tawanda; Al-Romaihi, Hamad E; Althani, Mohamed H; Al Thani, Asmaa A; Farag, Elmoubasher A; Yassine, Hadi M.
  • Marei RM; Biomedical Research Center, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
  • Emara MM; College of Medicine-QU Health, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
  • Elsaied OM; College of Medicine-QU Health, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
  • Nasrallah GK; Biomedical Research Center, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
  • Chivese T; College of Health Sciences-QU Health, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
  • Al-Romaihi HE; College of Medicine-QU Health, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
  • Althani MH; Public Health Department, Ministry of Public Health, Doha, Qatar.
  • Al Thani AA; Public Health Department, Ministry of Public Health, Doha, Qatar.
  • Farag EA; Biomedical Research Center, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
  • Yassine HM; College of Health Sciences-QU Health, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
Front Public Health ; 8: 573925, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1021920
Semantic information from SemMedBD (by NLM)
1. Chronic disease PROCESS_OF Human Age Group
Subject
Chronic disease
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Human Age Group
2. Symptoms PROCESS_OF Patients
Subject
Symptoms
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Patients
3. Chronic disease PROCESS_OF Human Age Group
Subject
Chronic disease
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Human Age Group
4. Symptoms PROCESS_OF Patients
Subject
Symptoms
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Patients
ABSTRACT

Background:

SARS-CoV-2 continues to claim hundreds of thousands of people's lives. It mostly affects the elderly and those with chronic illness but can also be fatal in younger age groups. This article is the first comprehensive analysis of the epidemiological and clinical outcomes of the travel-associated SARS-CoV-2 cases until April 19, 2020.

Methods:

Demographic and clinical data of travel-associated SARS-CoV-2 cases were collected for the period between January 16, 2020 and April 19, 2020. More than one hundred and eighty databases were searched, including the World Health Organization (WHO) database, countries' ministries websites, and official media sites. Demographic and clinical data were extracted and analyzed.

Results:

A total of 1,186 cases from 144 countries meeting the inclusion criteria were reported and included in the analysis. The mean age of the cases was 44 years, with a male to female ratio of 1.61. Travel-associated cases originated from more than 40 countries, with China, Italy, and Iran reporting the highest numbers at 208, 225, and 155, respectively. Clinical symptoms varied between patients, with some reporting symptoms during the flights (117 cases; 9.87%). A total of 312 (26.31%) cases were hospitalized, of which 50 cases (4.22%) were fatal.

Conclusion:

Major gaps exist in the epidemiology and clinical spectrum of the COVID-19 travel-associated cases due to a lack of reporting and sharing data of many counties. The identification and implementation of methodologies for measuring traveler's risk to coronavirus would help in minimizing the spread of the virus, especially in the next waves.
Subject(s)
Keywords

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Travel / Demography / Infection Control / COVID-19 Type of study: Diagnostic study / Prognostic study / Randomized controlled trials / Risk factors Limits: Adult / Female / Humans / Male Country/Region as subject: Asia / Europa Language: English Journal: Front Public Health Year: 2020 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Fpubh.2020.573925

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Travel / Demography / Infection Control / COVID-19 Type of study: Diagnostic study / Prognostic study / Randomized controlled trials / Risk factors Limits: Adult / Female / Humans / Male Country/Region as subject: Asia / Europa Language: English Journal: Front Public Health Year: 2020 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Fpubh.2020.573925