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[Factors associated with the occurrence of acute respiratory distress and death in patients with COVID-19 in Burkina Faso]. / Facteurs associés à la survenue de la détresse respiratoire aiguë et au décès chez des patients atteints de COVID-19 au Burkina Faso.
Ouédraogo, A R; Bougma, G; Baguiya, A; Sawadogo, A; Kaboré, P R; Minougou, C J; Diendéré, A; Maiga, S; Agbaholou, C R; Hema, A; Sondo, A; Ouédraogo, G; Sanou, A; Ouedraogo, M.
  • Ouédraogo AR; Service de Pneumologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Tengandogo, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Electronic address: oarisgou@yahoo.fr.
  • Bougma G; Service de Pneumologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Yalgado Ouédraogo, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
  • Baguiya A; Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé, Unité de Surveillance Démographique et de Santé de Kaya, Burkina Faso.
  • Sawadogo A; Service de maladies infectieuses et tropicales du Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Régional de Ouahigouya, Ouahigouya, Burkina Faso.
  • Kaboré PR; Hôpital de district de Boulmiougou, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
  • Minougou CJ; Service de Pneumologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Tengandogo, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
  • Diendéré A; Service de médecine interne, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Bogodogo, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
  • Maiga S; Service de maladies infectieuses et tropicales du Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Régional de Ouahigouya, Ouahigouya, Burkina Faso.
  • Agbaholou CR; Service de Pneumologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Yalgado Ouédraogo, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
  • Hema A; Service de Pneumologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Yalgado Ouédraogo, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
  • Sondo A; Service de maladies infectieuses et tropicales, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Yalgado Ouédraogo, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
  • Ouédraogo G; Service de Pneumologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Yalgado Ouédraogo, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
  • Sanou A; Service de Chirurgie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Tengandogo, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
  • Ouedraogo M; Service de Pneumologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Yalgado Ouédraogo, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
Rev Mal Respir ; 38(3): 240-248, 2021 Mar.
Article in French | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1087254
ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION:

The development of acute respiratory distress syndrome indicates a serious form of COVID-19. Although there have been several studies on the prognostic factors of its severe form, no such study has been conducted in Burkina Faso.

METHODS:

This was a retrospective cohort study conducted from March 9 to June 9, 2020 in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso which involved 456 patients with COVID-19.

RESULTS:

Nearly a quarter of the patients (23.2%) had presented with acute respiratory distress and 44.3% of them died. Being over 65 years old (HR 2.7; 95% CI 1.5-5.1) and having hypertension (HR 1.9; 95% CI 1-3.5) were independently associated with the risk of mortality. However, after adjustment, only age over 65 years (HR 2.3; 95% CI 1.2-4.3) was a risk factor for death. The survival rate for patients over 65 was 38.5% at 7 days and 30.3% at 15 days.

CONCLUSIONS:

Acute respiratory distress leading to death is mainly found in older people with COVID-19. Close monitoring of these high-risk patients may reduce the risk of death.
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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Document Type: Article Main subject: Respiratory Distress Syndrome / COVID-19 Subject: Respiratory Distress Syndrome / COVID-19 Type of study: Diagnostic study / Etiology study / Observational study / Prognostic study / Risk factors Language: French Journal: Rev Mal Respir Clinical aspect: Etiology / Prognosis Year: 2021

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Document Type: Article Main subject: Respiratory Distress Syndrome / COVID-19 Subject: Respiratory Distress Syndrome / COVID-19 Type of study: Diagnostic study / Etiology study / Observational study / Prognostic study / Risk factors Language: French Journal: Rev Mal Respir Clinical aspect: Etiology / Prognosis Year: 2021
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